The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts on January 2, 1863 · Page 4
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The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts · Page 4

Boston, Massachusetts
Issue Date:
Friday, January 2, 1863
Page 4
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THE LIBBEATOE at t If g For the Liberator. PRESIDENT LINCOLN'S PROCLAMATION OP EMANCIPATION. The Voice of Freedom swells the blast Our country shall at last btfree ! Stand out in summer warmth, ye hills ! Earth, 'neath her ice-ribbed armor, thrills To welcome Liberty ! Ho more her cotton fields shall blow, To mock the slave's long patient toil, Bursting with wealth he ne'er may know Nor unpaid hands the rice-plant grow Within the dank, unhealthy soil. No more the sugar-cane shall wavo Derisively upon the field, Where ceaseless work dug many a gravo ; No pitying hand stretched forth to save No thought, except how large the yield. No more the mother with a kiss Her babo to other bands shall give, Fearful ber 'customed task to miss, Urged onward by the whip's fierce hiss ; Li ring to delre, delving to live. No more shall piercing wails be heard Where sundered are the holiest ties, And miscalled Christians stand around, Bidding as though 'twere horse or bound, With stony hearts and tearless eyes. Shine forth, O Sun, with summer gleams, While winter rules the lakes and hills ! In frozen hearts the pent op streams Hare caught the warmth of Freedom's beams, And Life with new-found vigor thrills ! Shine down, O Moon, upon our land ! Henceforth your rays behold no slave ! No cow'ring forms despair unmanned ; Erect and free, thank God, they stand, Finding new hope this side the grave. The Voice of Freedom swells the blast Our country shall at last be fret ! The sport of foreign foes no more. Proudly her Eagle learns to soar, Looks on the sun as ne'er before, The Sun of Liberty ! Salem. L. L. A. V. From the Taunton Gazette. CHRISTMAS AND NEW YEAB, 1862-3. Our Christmas dawns on bloody times, The battle-clarion wakes the blast ; The funeral-drums throb thick and fast, And drown the merry morning chimes. Yet keep, O land, your festival, In memory of the Man who came. The Man Divine, to bear our blame, And breathe His blessings over all ! He reigns not yet the Prince of Peace : lie came to bring on earth a sword : Till men love Freedom's Gospel-word, The sound of war shall never cease. Twas Liberty He came to bring : When He ascended up on high. He captive led captivity, And made the world with freedom ring. This glorious gift He gave to men : The stronger from the weaker steals ; Bat, hark ! a clang of triumph peals ! The lost shall be restored again. Behold, 0 army of the Lord ! The Presence that among you stands ! Most clean, most pure, mutt bo the bands That close on victory, His award. O nation working His behest, 0 army raised to wage His war, Accept the end He called you for, And soon the land shall be at rest. Give freely as of old He gave : Your fathers owned the boon from Him ; Before the golden hour grows dim, Stamp it with FREEDOM for the slave. To hear, ye children of the free ; And where an ancient Man hath stood, Ye plant, and water with your blood, Your Christmas Tree of Liberty. The Christ Child smiles its branches through, With heaven's clear smile on black and white : The Tree has filled the land with light, And cooled its wounds with balm and dew. Dark faces, you no more shall be Darker with shadows of our bate Receive our greeting-gift, though late, A JIappy New-Year ! and be Free ! L. L. From the New York Tribune. HYMN POR THE HOUR. 1. The Angels of Freedom are calling ; Their music is borne from the sky ; The chains of the bondman are falling ; The jubilee morning is nigh. Now chant ye the mighty evangel, And hasten the spirit to free ; For Liberty's beautiful Angel Uath ooine from the Father to thee. II. There is not a bosom but pineth To borst from all slavish control ; To bask in the brightness that shine th To-day from the Infinite Soul. Make way for the life-bringing Angel, And hasten the spirit to free ; For Liberty's holy evangel ILith come from the Father to thee. III. The stars in their glory are singing ; The race of oppression is run ; For slaves into heroes are springing, And Love binds the nations in one. Christ comes in the Liberty Angel ; He hastens the spirit to frco ; And speaks through the holy evangel That comes from the Father to thee. H. M. J. From the American Baptist, THE YEAR OP JUBILEE. " We look forward with bright anticipations to the First of January, 1863, as the day of Jubilee for our country." Anti-Slavery Standard. " On the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves . . . shall be then, thenceforward, and forever fre." Preuirnt't Proclamation. This is, in truth, our Year of J ubilce. Full eighty years have passed since Britain's yoke Was lifted from our neck, and we were free-Free, both on land and wave ; and we have brought The fint-fruiu of a nation's harvesting. But when the last pulse of the year dies out, Then dies away the but sad, plaintive wail From out the crushed and bleeding bondman's heart. All quickly changes wail into a shout . And song of glorious triumph. Merry bells Will ring out welcomes then, in joyous tone. To usher in a nation newly born With the New Year Me thicks, o'er such a scene Angels would bend with new, ecstatic bliss. And as their songs were heard by human ears O'er Bethlehem's silent rales, when, lowly born, The world's Redeemer came in humble guise So now, when Right shall triumph over Might, And lowly menials feel their shackles drop, While they erect in conscious manhood stand, Shall one full, grand, exultant anthem burst Alike from human and angelio choirs, Of ' Glory to God on high ; on earth, good will ; And Peace, triumphant, spread her sheltering wing O'er this united land. God speed the day ! December, 1862. jj. jj. T. AN AUTUMNAL AUGURY. RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED TO WILLIAM C. SELL, ESQ. At every gust the painted leaves Fall lifeless on the golden sheaves With Autumn's sad wail, my Mart grieves. For sunny Southern lands are red With blood of martyrs, who have bled, That Freedom yet may rear its head. I see the eagle proudly soar O'er battle-smoke and fields of gore, Free as the sea that laves our shore. Prophetic may the symbol be, Of our groat nation's destiny IVhen all mm thai I be truly free 1 Boston, Oct. 23, 19C2. W. Dexter Smith, Jr. THE ADVENT OF JUSTICE. A Discourse delivered in Jl funic Hall, Boston, Sunday, Xov. 16, 1SG2. BY E. II . FIETWOOD. The shiver of joy and distrust, occasioned by the expected advent of justice to our national affairs, is one of those mingled sensations of hope and fear, with which both individuals and communities approach an untried experience. But the electric strength usual to men in revolutionary periods the vigorous wing of truth, rising from the ashes of falsehood the tragic beauty of right in conflict with wrong the glad flight of pure souls, vanishing, like summer clouds, into the serenity of heaven the foliage of Autumn, like the dolphin, decking itself in the most vnried, delicate, gorgeous hues, every tree a Joseph in his coat of many colors, to welcome a so-called death the sweetest note of the swan its last expiring sigh through all change and decay, essential law asserts an imperishable force, and oppressive, transient forms are shed by the inherent, expansive, immortal life. This shuddering dread of the dissolvent progress of reform, this black dismay in which we bemoan the entrance of our friends upon the spirit life, this hard faced worldliness and cut-throat scramble of his and mine to get a " living" all these evidence an infirm faith in the immortality of truth and the soul ; that we do not live by bread alone ; that while in the wrong we are creatures of dust, and crushed before the moth, in the right we are omnipotent, and God's hand is but the extension of our own. Wise in the common adage, ' A bird iji the hand is worth two in the bush," the mischief of our social life is too much conference with flesh and blood ; a choice of appearance to reality ; of the shell to the egg ; of the visible and perishable to the unseen and eternal. You say that a man lives in a certain house, yet only his avoirdupoise weight lives there, his body boards there ; his soul transcends the sensuous, the material, in divine relations, radiates the particular in the universal. Did character vote and hold office instead of clothes could we lay off our bodies at the door of the church, as the Orientals did their shoes we should enjoy better relations to man, and (Jraw nearer the Paternal Spirit. But if Truth is supported in proportion as she deserts herself, if it is the coat which joins the church, and not the man fashion, not integrity if government builds on falsehood and despair ; if society objects, not to the sin, but to your getting found out, as it would seem; why should not brute success be baptized, justice voted out of the Union, and the grog-shop be mayor ? Nevertheless, God lives, and his laws are never broken. Plato said that the worst thing which can befall a man, after he has committed a crime, is not to be punished for it. ' But Nature has made punishment the surest thing in the matter ; she has ordained her laws to execute themselves ; that through us, or over us, truth always has its sway ; that the sinner is the most sinned against ; that every transgression has a reflex influence, a back stroke, a kick in the gun ; that leaping from a precipice docs not break the law of gravitation, but it breaks you. The minister who apologized for slavery did not preach God out of the world, but the devil into the church opened a path to hell, not to heaven. The statesman who "puts iniquity into the statute-book puts gunpowder under the Capitol." The laws of disease and crime are more beautiful and impressive than those of health and virtue, because, " honored in the breach more than in the observance," they protest against evil habits, are guide-boards lurid with pain and alarm "This road to sanity." Are you addicted to vice, to liquor, to profanity or licentiousness 1 The soul hangs out its signals of distress on every line of your countenance ; and no plea of poverty or temptation, no perfume of respectability or high connections, nothing but repentance and a new life, can save you from the beast you are. A civil war or a sore finger warns us not to do so again. The rascal often out-preaches the saint as, among the Spartans, drunken helots were the best temperance lecturers. When we swerve from the path of law, allow any disturbing- influence to divert us from the natural orbit, or switch us off on a side track of selfishness, Providence takes care that we land amid the wreck of all partial interests, and are shut up to ruin or reformation. So few are proof against ease and luxury, so few survive the misfortune of inherited wealth, that Nature usually tosses the second or third generation back to the hod and the handcart, while graduates of the spade and the lapstone go up to the Exchange and the Senate. No doubt fine ladies and gentlemen of ancient Greece feared to soil their delicacy by contact with the russet scholar and roughshod reformer of their day ; yet now it is quite plain that the Beacon street and State street of Athens, its wealth and fashion, were the mere soil to raise Socrates and Plato. I care little for the transient upper tier of society, honorahles, doctors of divinity, mayors, governors, but wish to stand well with Irishmen and Negroes. I would like to despise a reputation in Wall street or Washington, but am exceedingly anxious to be on good terms with children, mountains,-birds, flowers with the unmodified permanent forces of life, strength, innocence, beauty, humbleness for if the oak, the infant and the violet are with you, who can be against you ? If bankruptcy teaches you self-reliance, it is a good bargain. A Grecian bequeathed all his fortune to his children, on condition that they would grow up fools, for if they were wise men, they would not need it. I know a young man, who was sad one day, and lost his appetite, because he had no money to mend his shoes with but recovered on meeting cheerful faces going barefoot. Men in a tight pinch, who achieve great conquests over the difficulties that environ them Cincinnatus at the plow Locke producing "The Conduct of the Understanding" in a Dutch garret Goldsmith writing " The Vicar of Wakefield " to pay his board bill Girard of Philadelphia climbing from a sixpence to millions Garibaldi making candles at Staten Island, to light Italy to unity and progress Theodore Parker making a huckleberry his first stepping-stone to fame, how such brave souls entrance us in the distance, careful as we are never to live by faith ! Still runs the beatitude, Blessed are ye who get into a tight pinch. When we are brought up on a round turn, compelled to wrestle with difficulties, front disaster, it is then, if ever, we are cured of trifling, learn the omnipotence of faith and purpose, ally ourselves to natural forces, and have the chapter of accidents in our favor. " He always wins who sides with God, T him no chance in loot ; God's will i sweetest to biui when It triumphs at his cott." It is this oblivion of material interests, and martyr devotion to ideas, which inspire the tragic significance of the crisis in which it is our good fortune to live, and make the nation quake like Sinai beneath the tread of Inflexible Justice. Men never serious before, now espouse principles, argue principles at the mouth of cannon, live and die for principles. The South, who we had thought were pirates in white kids and patent leather, by their dauntless heroism, their sublime self-sacrifice, their energy as marvellous as terrific, justly excite the admiration of the world, and deserve the triumph of any but an infamous cause. The North, who held the ir dollar so near the eye as to hide the universe, now fling wealth, rarty; church, a Union idolized as divine, all on the altar of faith. Summoned to the battle-field, the people, these " dumb, driven cattle," in pathetic devotion, open their veins, by their own vitality, to reanimate the drooping State the same people who had fattened so long upon the life of the defenceless, whose eyes were so dimmed with the blood of the innocent that they could not discern justice now, in these very "little ones," in the execrated Negro, welcome not merely " the romance of our history," but the redeemer of the Republic. As I waited in a rail station, the other day, of the iron horses which careered snorting past, one was labelled " Olympus," another " Saint Louis," a namesake of Grecian mythology and the mediaeval church, Heathenism and Christianity drawing in the same team, and both, at work for commerce. Their joint whistle struck the key-note of this age low utility, material gain. We degrade the inspirations of the past, tunnel the mount of beatitudes, drag the gods down from Sinai, Patmos, Olympus, and harness them as mules. In the absence of large views, "great events do not inspire great ideas " ; our celebrity rests on trade, manufactures, industry, not on thought, conscience ; confident that all men are eligible to the State Prison, to Congress, to the gallows, we doubt if all men are eligible to truth and freedom ; think white men sprang from the head of the Creator, and black men from his feet. We ask of a moral reform, " Is it safe, is it expedient, is it profitable?" not, "Is it true, is it right t " " Will emancipation promote the growth of sugar in the West Indies, of cotton in the States ; will it save the Union ? " Seek ye first the kingdom of heaven, and cotton and sugar shall be added unto you. It must be confessed, however, considering the serious social ills which we undertook to cure, since all foreign nations have opened their sewers in this direction, that our civilization has shown indestructible vitality, and conquered surpassing obstacles. Was it Talleyrand who said, " To travel a thousand miles in America is to live a thousand years in history " 1 Inheriting monarchy, papacy, feudalism, prelacy, chattel slavery ; herding together Irish,. French, Italians, Germans, Chinese, Negroes ; tolerating all the diverse and antagonistic political and religious opinions which, for ten centuries, have plowed Europe with revolution, nevertheless, the hunted and forlorn ideas which landed on Plymouth Bock in the name of liberty, hurling retribution upon this slave-holding government to-day, are the pledge of human redemption here, and the world over. Honesty and justice are the only safeguards of society ; and launching trustfully on the people, good sailors will remember that terrestrial course is safely guided only by celestial observation. Anchoring in first principles, regarding nothing fixed but Natural Law, standing for the right of every man to himself and to a healthful legitimate growth, the authority of our government, the pledge of its expansion and per manence, the American idea, resides not in tradition al prerogative, in conventional decrees, in material en terprise, in hero worship, Mr. Carlyle's wisest man theory, or the spread-eagleism of national vanity ; but only in those moral principles essential to social life. To lift up the oppressed and pull down the oppressor, to abash vice and crown virtue in the court of Truth, to decree fair play, and mould society unto "the scheme of God," herein is the commission of an American to rule. Civilization is a growth ; the steep and toilsome ascent of society to the plane of fixed ideas ; while its incidental and temporary exponents, ethics, government, institutions and the like, the garments which nations assume or cast aside in their onward career, in obedience to the increasing stat ure, must be refitted for larger life, or left behind for the next arrival in the cradle. Governments are val uable, and to he respected, only as they express and serve the highest thought and volition of the age. " A coat, which docs not fit, is not a good coat, though it were made for the Apwllo Belvidere." The war method, on the contrary, puts force above ideas, bclicvc& in the fist, not in the soul, makes nations mere fighting cocks, which flap their wings and crow lustily in defence of their " honor," and then claw out each other's eyes and hearts for "glory." We talk of "first class powers "; aglow with visions of mere material supremacy commerce whitening every 6ea, navies bidding nations cuake, And monarchs tremble in their capitals ; " of armies whose embattled tread shakes the globe ; we forget that Truth alone is the first class power. Palestine for its religion, Greece for its knowledge, Home for its justice, Germany for its insight, such are the only first class powers. The glory of that little island in the northwest of Europe is not that a handful of its merchants hold two hundred millions of Asia under their feet; not that Gibraltar, Corfu, Canada, Australia are outposts of an empire whose morning drum-beat circles the globe; the glory of England is in Magna Charta, Latimer and Sidney, Fox and Wil-berforce ; in that she has stood for civil liberty, for religious liberty, for Negro liberty. What visions of martial splendor entranced the Jews as they saw in the Messiah the " Lion of the tribe of Judah," who should lead them to universal conquest ! But they crucified Jesus because his kingdom was not of this world; and the mailed legions, of Caesar went that way to sneer at the faith of Abraham, and leave Jerusalem a heap of ashes ; to-day, of imperial Rome and arrogant Judea, naught remains but that despised Cross, and Christendom kneeling before it ! And in the crisis of a nation's fate, when the foundations of society are broken up, and institutions and States are adrift in the tempest, when the clearest vision dims, and the wisest hearts throb with fear not merely imperative " military necessity," but, what is richer than wealth, stronger than numbers, more victorious than armies with banners, humanity, justice, religion, thunder in the ear of the President, " Break every yoke, and let the oppressed go free." The barbarism which wrestled with and threw the empires of Alexander and the Ca?sars, " horned as a fiend and haloed as a stiint," enthroned on the crushed hearts of God's poor, slavery for two generations ruled this republic with a rod of iron ; politics debauched ; the pulpit dumb, or barking at the heels of honest reform ; the press bribed to falsehood ; the courts in chains ; brilliant jurists scoffing the axioms of human rights as " glittering generalities " ; great orators impudently treading the gospel of humanity under foot as a " rub a-dub agitation " ; free speech mobbed in the streets and bludgeoned in the Senate ; the stars and stripes trailed in the mire of the slave-hunt, and every where the harbinger and aegis of oppression, " Nothing but Richelieu ! Armies, Church, State, Laws, Were but mirrors to multiply bis beams. He did not strike the blow but o'er your beads Upon the gossamer thread of bis caprice Hovered the axe." Of course, human nature, always democratic, always anti-slavery, would not long brook such insolence. Religion, literature, free labor, civilization, all rallied in the great battle of 1800, to affront the Slave Power with " Thus far, and no farther." As was well said, " With the keen sense of the savage, Slavery, laying it ear to the ground, heard, in those ballots falling for Abraham Lincoln, the fatal tramp of many centuries, the mustering, for liberty, of the ages, which take no steps backward." And, whether the leaders of the parties were ignorant or simply reticent of it, the deep, solemn, all the more real, because silent and unconscious purpose of the grand uprising which floated Mr. Lincoln to the Presidency, was not merely to restrict, but to overwhelm and blot out slavery. The inevitable logic of history and the moral sense of the world concurred in this event. For this, Lu ther, Milton, Sidney, Fox, Clarkson for this, Otis thundered, Washington fought, and Warren fell for this, Lovejoy died at Alton, and the inspired conscience of woman, with the plodding thought of man, for thirty years, endured the cross, and despised the shame, to lift up the protest of religion in the highways and byways of the people for this, the blood of freemen sealed Kansas holy ground, and the bravest of the Puritans went to heaven from a Virginia halter for this, Ellsworth, Baker, Lyon, Putnam, hundreds of thousands dead, and countless Rachels, joyful in tears, if their loved and lost do but consecrate America to liberty and progress 1 And it will be done. In vain do politicians those black ants scurrying about on this burning brand endeavor to preserve both the flames and the wood; in vain do treasonous editors cling to this root of bitterness as stock in trade for a future rebellion, suspend the sword of Damocles by one more thread of compromise; in vain do foreign despotisms wish to prop their tottering fortunes with the ruins of democratic hopes; the knell strikes, the ministers of justice move, behind them stalks the headsman the retribution of slavery swift, terrible, annihilating, will be a heritage of warning and dismay to all future aggressors upon the rights of man! Politics is a representative, not an original element of society, and political revolutions usually have their root in moral revolutions. Slavery, essentially despotic and turbulent, must be arrogant and destructive : cannot sleep while a brother lives; like Robespierre, must cut off heads, or lose its own. The method of dealing with it is plain. The frozen serpent, brought home and warmed to life on the peasant's hearth, bites his children. Shall he get more reptiles, or henceforth believe in "no union with snakes " ? To say that Abolitionists are responsible for this rebellion is to say that geologists are responsible for earthquakes ; that Otis and Adams were responsible for George III.; Luther for the Pope ; Paul and Jesus for Pilate and Herod. I have as little respect for the brain as for the heart of the man who makes that argument. The Abolitionists were but the heralds of this Olympic game, the executors of God's Providence. This collision of two social antagonisms is in the nature of things: older than Mr. Seward, older than Mr. Garrison. Before this Government crested forth on the refluent wave of the Revolution, before this continent from the ocean rose, beautiful as Venus from the Grecian sea, from the councils of eternity this "irrepressible conflict" was foreordained to begin, and to cease with the wrong which provoked it. Tell me of a crime without a criminal ; tell me of two hills without a hollow between them ; tell me of a stick with but one end ; but tell me not of a struggle for slavery which can be met by anything else than a struggle for liberty ! Mr. Lincoln may recede, but freedom never; for back is the only direction in which a just cause cannot go. The President marches under "sealed orders," and his Proclamation is the decree of fate, rather than the act of any man. A memorable incident in the progress of a great idea, if honestly and bravely enforced, it will justly gild his name with immortality. But its treasonous offer of terms and compromise with slaveholding rebels, and its heartless and immoral pledge of the rights of a race for a form of government, poorly commend it to the unbiassed moral sense; while, without the inspiring force of justice, such a measure will be impotent on the rebellion of Jefferson Davis against the Federal Government, because it is impenitent of the rebellion of the Federal Government against Almighty God. The nature and spirit of the old compact with slavery yet essentially unchanged, the Constitution still remains "a covenant with death and an agreement with hell," to be speedily amended or forever annulled. Nowise recognizing the nation's crime against the negro; proposing to free slaves of rebels only, not slaves; hold ing out compensation, honor and emolument to the slaveholder, and banishment, nakedness and infamy to his victims; our Pharaoh, hardening his heart, boldly announces to the country and the world that he will not obey God, except on compulsion ; will not let His people go, except under the pressure of " mili tary necessity"; makes emancipation a strategy, a dodge, a trick, not a right; prefers the favor of Ken tucky to the favor of Heaven, and betrays Jesus in the bondman for "thirty pieces" of a Union irrevoca bly shattered by Divine retribution. What then? Is God defeated ? Oh no ! Through the Union or over the Union, inevitable law takes its course. The an guish and gloom of this hour disaster treading on the heel of disaster a million Americans upon each others' throats cities sacked States plowed with fire and drenched in blood the death-angel from the battlefield darkening millions of Northern and Southern homes and a social convulsion, carrying earthquake, agony and dismay to nations abroad, all these pro claim that God remembers our sins, though we forget them ; that justice is the only sure thing in human government, and by this sign alone do men con quer. We have committed crimes which cannot be for given, and through many retributive years must work out our own salvation with fear and trembling. Men talk of peace, of peace in sin ; of peace by smother ing volcanoes and hushing up earthquakes. Yet America will never find peace until she finds it in the peace of death to slavery. The independence of a confederacy, whose origin and purpose was oppression, war upon the race, is not peace ; a return to the old Union, of fire with gunpowder, is not peace ; nor is victory to the Federal arms and military rule installed upon the ruins of Slave States immediate peace. The devil of tyranny never departs from the body politic, except by foaming, laceration, and great convulsion. The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge. Deep seated diseases permit only a gradual convalescence ; hence American society, for some time, will be chronic conflict. Slavery is doomed, but it will die hard, drag ging after it the falsehood, the mistakes and crimes of centuries. If emancipation should triumph under the shadow of swords, it will require at least a generation of thought and discussion to teach ex-slaveholders good behavior, and put the nation on the platform of equal rights. The war power, however, the rampant ascendancy of brute force, the subversion of all rights, is to be distrusted. " The rights under the war ower " ! As well talk of the rights under the slave power, the rights under the lying power, the rights under the theft power ! I have no favors to ask of that insolent, undemocratic usurpation. The right of emancipation existed before, is superior to, and will proceed in defiance of the war power. But emancipation is not so good a thing that we may wrong an enemy to secure it. Fellow-transgressors, heretofore, with these secessionists, their mere breaking of the joint league of sin, and refusal to the North of further participation in the profits of the common iniquity of slave-holding, does not constitute our voters the divinely commissioned agents, to exterminate them. What the reason and moral sense of the Abolitionists long ago announced as just, ixriitic and inevitable, an enlightened expediency, if not political necessity, may yet decree the fewitoniry separation of these States. The progress of the cause is indeed marvellous. It took a half century for British freedom to pass from that little knot of Quakers in a small room of a back London street, to utterance from the British throne. But, with a problem infinitely more vast and complicated, many of you yet hear the still, small voice of conscience issuing from "an obscure garret" a Boston Mayor could not find, which now swells into the demand of many States, to thunder from the Capital the decree of emancipation! And his great purpose accomplished, his noble life long yet to be spared, rounding into a beautiful, serene old age, Garrison will join Wilberforce at God's right hand, with four million broken fetters as proof at once of good apostlesbip and a redeemed republic ! Two years ago, even under the. shadow of Bunker Hill, the word " insurrection " scarcely ventured on pallid lips. The prayer of -the most luxurious and conservative pulpits of Boston to-day is, that the blacks may forge their fetters into swords, and hew their way to liberty. And for once, at least, to the prayer of the "South-Side" Church, Music Hall responds "Amen!" But to the honor of free institu tions, no school of anti-slavery moralists or politicians ever proposed or intended to submit this question to the arbitrament of the sword. How many years you labored and prayed that this cup might pass from us ! It was only after persuasion, self-sacrifice, and even degrading concessions; after thousands of our citi zens in one-half of the Republic had been outraged, slain or exiled for their manhood ; after war was made upon the Government, the sea covered with pirates to murder peaceful merchants at twenty dollars a head, and the armies of slavery were massed and surging against us, that the long-suffering, patient, magnanimous North said : " Let those who take the sword perish with the sword!" All honor to Mr. Lincoln for his noble and humane maxim for the conduct of the war, worthy to greet the nations in letters of gold from the dome of the Federal Capitol : " We are fighting to establish order, and with order liberty; the liberty of the conquered will remain as intact as that of the conquerors. "- History has few passages which reflect more honor upon human nature than the uprising of this great people, in time of peace, to risk ease and wealth, cril the very fabric of society for justice to a despised, oppressed race. If Europe boasts of one nation which fights for an idea, America responds with a score of imperial, opulent States voting for an idea! And, levelling up, to find common sense, not down, aspiring to be first men, then Americans, may we never forget that, now as heretofore, thought and conscience are the only possible basis of free institutions. The first step from that line traverses an abyss, and whoso founds government in the blood of enemies, founds it on a lake of fire ! The soul is greater than the fist, and the scent of blood, rousing savage instincts, obtrudes the age of the brute into the age of man. Nothing could be more disastrous than, as is hinted in some quarters, a larger infusion of the military element for the safety of democratic institutions. As well might a reformed drunkard . institute delirium tremens to promote health ! Standing armies are incompatible with democratic freedom ; and it is a grave question whether, avoiding as far as possible the historic tendency to arms, the North, already poisoned by two generations of slaveholding domination, will survive this deadly infusion of military despotism, now invoked to "educate" the South into equal rights. The President deserves the thanks of the country, and of popular freedom everywhere, for his late emphatic rebuke of incipient insubordination of the military to the civil authority, by removing an intractable and inefficient, though distinguished commander. The safety of America is not to educate her citizens to war, but in avoiding the causes of war; in removing the injustice, the dishonesty, which alone induced the present conflict. Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound ? A hot dispute among a parcel of children in one of our streets the other day was about to effloresce in fists and clubs, when a little Irish girl struck up, " Sticks and stones may break my bones, But names can never hurt me," and dissolved the quarrel. Ragged ruddy, a mere slip of poverty, nourished by the heavenly manna which slides from the roofs of five-storied affluence, in explaining to me how she quelled turbulent boys, from those infant, outcast Hps there fell precepts which statesmen might well heed. If the free North had not dodged hard names, if they had not feared those who kill the body more than those who destroy the soul, in French phrase, if we had had the courage of our opinions, stood to the guns of thought and example, upheld liberty as a natural, inalienable right, this slave question never would have passed from words to blows. But, false to the principles which made us a nation, wc tied the millstone of State bondage around the negro's neck in '87, gave up one-half the Federal domain to slavery in 1820, the whole in '51, making our 6oil free only to slave hounds, and by the Chief Justice as our chief Judas, declared that " black men have no rights which white men are bound to respect." Hence this war, like all other wars, comes from be neath, not from above ; from hell, not from heaven ; is the outgrowth of falsehood and oppression, not of truth and liberty. Hence the crime and the blunder of being driven into a conflict at arms with the South, the only thing for their barbarous despotism they can do well, the only thing, thanks to our advanced democratic civilization, we do ill. This cry of intervention is not wholly inspired by sordid material interests. As Gasparin, who inherits the heart of Lafayette and approaches the brain of l)e Tocqueville, says. " Behind corn and cotton are men, women and children, miseries great and rapidly increasing.". Behind politics, and trade also; behind the sweat of industry, and the velvet and purple of ease and power, is a feeling, hidden, silent, yet inextinguishable, and to ripen into aggressive, invincible, world-wide conviction a feeling that war, all war, this, is wrong, unreasonable, unchristian and barbarous. And he who willingly fans a conflagration which threatens all guarantees of life and liberty on this continent he who prolongs it one moment, or sacrifices one soldier's life in deference to a foul injustice which sold women and children from the marble steps of the Capitol will be damned to an infamy, in comparison with which Arnold was a patriot, and Cain an apostle of love ! Nor does this crisis invalidate the efficiency of the moral method, the method of discussion and example, to which so many of your lives have been religiously consecrated, or disprove the sublime " faith that Truth alone is strong In the endurance which outwearies wrong ; With meek persistence baffling brutal force, And trusting God against the Universe." Nay, rather, it establishes that faith. For this " red rain makes the harvest grow," only because agitation had sown the seeds of progress. It is precisely this moral force method the tongue sharper than the sword, the pen, which carries further and kills more than rifled cannon, this "incendiarism" which has wrought the Republic to a white heat, so that one blow from the Executive may stamp it with liberty forever! It is political freedom born of religious Protestantism the claim of equality before God in the sixteenth century vindicating its sincerity in equality before the law in the nineteenth century this Puritan conscience counterpoising an empire, its armies, its wealth, its politics, its churches, its statesmen and jurists, its scholars and theologians making every man the savior of his brother getting Abraham Lin coln to make the laws, and John Brown to make the 6ongs which reins the wrath, as well as the reason of men, into its service, and yokes South Carolina with Massachusetts to drag forward the car of Eman cipation; this "fanatical" conscience, which conquers alike by peace and war, by victory and defeat, in prosperity and adversity ; which pervades, inspires, and uplifts a great people for an act of national justice the same people who, but yesterday, cursed their noblest martyr as "justly hung," now following that martyr's soul,' as a pillar of fire, through the red sea of a great deliverance ! Of the final triumph of Northern ideas, either by the Federal arms, or by temporary separation, and the surer, more beneficent progress of natural causes and mutual interests ; that liberty is the central light and life around which this now jangled constellation of States must ultimately revolve, no one can doubt. Let editors storm and orators declaim, the American people would not restore the Union " as it was " if they could; nor could they, were they weak, im moral, or reckless enough to attempt it. Proud, luxu rious, heartless, trampling the weak and scoffing the higher law ; happy, if scourged by retributive justice, treading in the steps of suffering humanity, we may wear a path for the race. Like a shell thrown from a mortar at night, along a brilliant track the old Union shot up to the entranced gaze of the world, to fall and burst with carnage and ruin through the land I But to a repentant, humbled, regenerated people utvn this Apocalypse of our history, a new Republic de-scends from God out of heaven, wherein dwelled righteousness! THE I3EST WORK FOR CANVASSING AGISTS. Harper's Pictorial History or The Great Rebellion i.f 'I'l l !: TTNITED STATES, MESSRS. HARPER A BROTHERS bare comment the issue in numbers of a complete HISTORY o THE ORE AT REBELLION IX THE UNITED STATISL The work has been for many months in course of prtp" tion, by a writer every way qualified for the tank. Tne IsTnonrcTiox contains a clear and succinct aeenn.t of the formation of the Confederacy of the States r tf r mation ami adoption of the CVnMitution of the United States, and the establishment of the National tiovent&Bf the origin, development, and progress of the doctrines of Nullification and Secession, and the various phat which they assumed until their final culmination in the Gnmt Rebellion. The History comprises a full account drawn from U most authentic sources, of all the Events of the VTar ti intrigues of the Southern leaders at borne and abroad ; U gradual defection of one section ; the great Uprising of the People for the maintenance of the National life and Existence ; the rapid creation of an immense Army and Navy and the Battles by Land and Sea. The Illistkatioxs comprise Portraits of all those h have borne a prominent part in the struggle ; Maps of the different localities ; Plans of the leading actions ; Y1B of every scene of interest, and of the mut important Et-ties. These Illustrations are ruostlj frvm drawings tkea on the spot by artists deputed for that purpose to accompany every division of our Army and Navy. Every facility at the command of the PublL-ihers 01 beta employed in the preparation and execution of the work and they eonfijentlj believe that it will form th mxJi trustworthy and valuable history which can be prrrtd of THE UREAT STRUUULE FOR THE AMERICAS UNION. Ifode and Terms of Publication. The work will be iaracd in Number, each consisting of 21 pages of the siie of " Harper's 'Weekly," printed frowl clear type, upon fine paper, and will probably be completed in about Twenty Numbers. The Numbers will be issued at intervals, if possible, of about three or four weeks. The Price of each Number, which contains matter tqaiv. alent to an ordinary volume, will bo Twenty-fire cents. The Illustrations in each Number are alone worth the price asked. Men out of employment, especially SICK OR DISABLED SOLDIERS, can find no other work so sure of ready sale and good profits. For further particulars apply to the Publishers, HARPER A BROTHERS, declOtf Franklin Square, New York. WEIS & ZOEBISCII. MANUFACTURERS ASD SEALKBl IS European and Fancy Furs, 308 Washington Street, 308 OPPOSITE BOSTON THEATRE, BOSTON. Particular attention is paid to altering and repair ing Old Furs. ry Furs preserved during the summer. nov'tf ' In BOISE OEAUR IN RETAIL aOTHINJ MADE c ORDERJ M rHICf 154 154 Washington St., 5 doors Sonth of Milk St October 24. Cm THE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN. rpiIE ILLUSTRATED SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, tbo I best mechanical paper in the world, commences a new volume on the first of January. It is published week', and every number contains sixteen pages of eyeful inform-tion, and from five to ten originnl engravings of new inventions and discoveries, all of which are prepared expressly ft its columns. ' No person engaged in any of the mechanical or manufsft-turing pursuits should think of "doing without" th Scientific American. It costs but six cents per week ; every number contains from six to ten engravings of Bw machines and inventions, which cannot be found in any other publication. The Scientific American is indi.pensablo to erejy inveft-tor, as it not only contains illustrated descriptions of nearly all the best inventions as they come out, but each number contains an Official List of tha Claims of all the Patents issued from the United States Patent Offioe during: the week previous ; thus giving a correct history of the progress of inventions in this country ; and also a summary of all that is transpiring in mechanical science and art in tM old countries. To Chemists, Architects, Millwrights and Farmers, Scientific American will bo found a most useful journal. All the new discoveries in the science of chemistry are ritron in ita n.1 : ...-. . .f architect alM f.U vauujua, HIIU III U 1 I J - 1- WJ . - - carpenter are not overlooked ; all the new inventions an4 discoveries appertaining to these pursuits being pooiw-from week to week. Useful and practical information pertaining to the interests of millwrights and mill-owneri ' bn fiinnii in rim .v.v.. :c. A wKih information tn'7 cannot possibly obtain from any other source. Subjects i which farmers are interested will be found discussea iu Scientific American ; most of the improvements in agnoul-ural implements being illustrated in iU columns. Terms To mail subscribers : Three Dollars a jear, or One Dollar for four months. The volumes commeneo oa the first of January and July. Specimen copies will o - ..j . j IHTVTl O 1 T MUNN & CO., rCBLISHEBS, 37 Park Row, Ne Yor jan2tf IMPROVEMENT IN Champooing and Hair Dyeing, "WITHOUT SMUTTING. MADAME CARTEAUX BANNISTER W OTJLD inform the public that she has removed froa l& Washington btreet, to No. 31 WINTER STREET, where she will attend to all diseases of the Bair. She is sure to cure in nine cases out of ten, as for mn.nv venra mmla th. loir ctiitv &nd is SIITO tnf j j ,ir. are none to excel her in producing a new growth oi " . ller Restorative differs from that of any one else, bu made from the roots and herbs of the forest. ... bhe Champoos with a bark which does not grow in J" country, and which is highly beneficial to the bair using tho Restorative, and will prevent the h' turning grey. . She also has another for restoring grey hair to its rat color in nearly all cases. Bhe is not afraid to Pe'j her Restoratives in any part of the world, as they are in every city in the country. They are also packe d customers to take to Europe with them, enough to or three years, as they often say they can get BOtnWf; abroad like them. MADAME CARTEATJX BANNISTER" Wo. 31 Winter Street. Botg. A. J. GROVES, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LA EARLVIIiJjE, La Salle Co., 111. E?" Especial attention given to securing and collects! Claims for Eastern Merchants. August . tf. 3 '

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