MOKDAY, MARCH 19,1956 BLYTHEVILLB (ARK.)' COURIER NEWS PAGE FIVE Presidential Preview VIII: Possibility of Shift in Iowa Farm Vote Causes Concern EDITOR'S NOTE: This b one In i urin of itoriei by the AP's national political reporters who are surveying the situation across the country In the light of President Eisenhower's decision to seek a •ccoad term. By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL CORNING, Iowa (AP) — Republicans are concerned and Democrats jubilant over what they see as the possibility of a shift in Iowa's farm vote this year. Some of the top men in bothi parties say the unhappiness oil farmers pinched between high costs and low prices is bound to cut ; into Republican strength in usually Republican - Iowa. They disagree on how deeply" it may cut. The Republicans will concede they are likely to lose some votes •—but not the election. With an element of wishful thinking, the Democrats contend there is at least a chance the OOP will lose both. Both realize that dissatisfied people 'sometimes ignore longstanding loyalties and vote for a political chance. . The'local bank president sums up the farm problem in a sentence: "The cost of farming is up 83 per cent since 1945 and prices are down 20 per cent." In addition, Iowa needs rain. ' This particular area, in the southwestern part of the state, has had two years of drought. It's worse off than some of the others. And here the discontent of farmers is at a peak. Rain would help dilute some .Republican political Jitters. So •would higher hog prices. Hogs have been selling' for around ?12. or $12.50 > hundred Structural Steel Skeleton Foils; Workmen Unhurt LONOF BEACH, Calif. W) — "There she goes," cried a worker and down it came—500 tons of structural steel as workmen jumped clear. The complex steel skeleton was part, of a »1,600,<X» transit shed being erected on Pier C in the harbor. Some of the 37 workers jumped from levels as high as 18 feet but none was seriously injured. Damage to the 320-foot section was estimated at 8250,000 by a company spokesman. Baby Boa Is A Bookworm ORANGE, Conn. (/P)—Dr. George Whitney's baby boa constrictor apparently wants to be & book worm when he grows up. The veterinary's boa, which the Whitney .family has adopted as a household pet, turned up in his library late Saturday night after having been missing since March 6. It was up behind the books. "Baby' is 2 years old and Is only J'.i feet long. When he grows up he'll be eight or nine fet long, Dr. Whitney says. , Baby turned up In New Haven in a load of bananas about a month ago. A frightened produce worker slashed him, but Dr. Whitney patched him up and they've been friends ever since. "It's a very pleasant snake, not anything ferocious or dangerous," Dr. Whitney said. ' COIN MOTTO The motto "In God We Trust" on American coins is credited to JSev. M. R. Watkirison, who suggested a similar wording to Salmon . Chase, secretary of the treasury, in 1861. pounds in Iowa. That's above the 13-year low of $10 to *10.16 set last December. But it's under the $13 or $14 the experts say the average farmer must get. .to break even, with nothing for his labor. -Hog—prices-are-particularty im- jortant to Iowa. It raises more hogs than any other state. About $2 of every $5 of farm Income in the state is from hogs. The husky young farmer who dropped into a Corning lunchroom for a cup of cofree—still only a nickel here—said he had Just sold, 88 hogs and 22 head of cattle. l "I figure I'd have been about a thousand dollars better off," he went on, "if I'd never raised them. This year I'm not going to try." He said he is an independent in politics and thinks he .probably will vote Democatic this year. A lot of his farmer friends, he said, are talking the same way. He's like to see the Democrats nominate Sen. Estes Kefauver oi Tennessee for the presidency. Both Rpublicans 'and Democrats tell you Kefauver has made a good impression during political thrusts into the state. A number of Democratic leaders say that as things stand now, Kefauver would be their best bet in Iowa. Several key Republicans say he would be the toughest Democrat to beat. Adlai E. Stevenson hasn't accepted yet any of the invitations of his supporters to invade the state. Iowa has no presidential preference primary. In Iowa, farmers and the people in small towns whose economies depend on the farmers can swing ttie vote tor th* whole state. Us- usally they swing it to the Republicans, although Iowa voted for President Truman in 1848 and sent a Democratic governor since 1936 or a Democratic congressman since 1940. The GOP swept the state in 1952 It did it again two years ago, when there also was unrest among farmers over price of hogi_poul- try and eggs. And you can get odds that Iowa will cling to its Republican traditions again in 1956. President Eisenhower still has a lot of "popularity in a state he carried by a 2-1 margin four years ago. Supreme Court Ruling Could Haye Far Reaching Effect on Natural Gas Rates WASHINGTON Ifl — Recent rulings by the Supreme Court could have a far reaching effect on natural gas rates, possibly resulting in- refunds to consumers- totaling minions of dollars. No authoritative estimate of the full effect o'f the decisions is to be had, but one gas company attorney figures the refund in one case alone would amount to 20 million dollars if the court's decisions are applicable to it. Multiply that several times and you get an idea of the possibilities. Presumably, such refunds, If made — and the "if" is a big one involving the outcome of further proceedings before the Federal Power Commission and possibly further court action — eventually would find their way to consumers. The question is whether the FPC has the authority to increase natural gas rates above those agreed upon by buyer and seller in contracts between them, unless the evidence is clear 'that the existing rates are unreasonably low. The high court ruled on Feb. 27 that the PPC erroneously permitted United Gas Pipe Line Co. to increase its rates on gas sold to Mobile Gas Service Corp. for resale to industrial users. United was directed to make a refund to the Mobile company. On the same day the court also held} that FPC improperly had granted Pacific Gas & Electric Co. higher rates for the electricity it sells to Sierra Pacific Power Co. This case was sent back to the FPC. F. T. Searls, attorney for Pacific Gas & Electric Co., subsequently challenged, in an FPC proceeding, an Increase in rates on gas which his company buys from El Paso Natural Gas Co. "The court held," Searls said in a statement filed with FPC, "that a natural gas company cannot increase a contract specified rate by People 60 to 80 We Have a Letter We'd Like to Send You... . . . but we don't want to send It without your permission! It will tell you how you can apply lor a $1,000 life Insurance policy to help take care of final expenses without burdening your family. And you can handle the entire transaction by mail—with OLD AMERICAN of KANSAS CITY. No obligation. No one will call! You can give us permission to send this free Information by simply mailing a postcard or letter (giving age) to Old American Ins. Co., 3 W. 9th, Dept. L303B, Kansas City, Mo. an unilateral filing with the commission." ' . ' Opposing an application by the El Paso company for an additional increase, Searls cited the court decisions and said the court ruled that "where'a rate is 'agreed upon with a particular customer' it can bee hanged 'only by mutual consent'." He said that, if the court's decisions apply to Pacific's contract with El Paso for gas, it appears his company is entitled to refunds of more than 20 million dollars. His statement declared that El Paso's gas rates to Pacific have been specified in contracts from the beginning and that "the only ..change thereof to which Pacific Gas, and Electric .has agreed was an increase effective Nov. 1, 1951." He. said it .is possible El Paso miy be obligated "to return to Pa-, cilic Gas and Electric, not only increases collected" under one FPC decision but also "still higher increases" collected under anotlier. "To bring this matter properly before the commission will require further pleadings," Searls said. "I anticipate that Pacific Gas & Electric will file a motion and that El Paso will answer. It may be necessary to hold a hearing before the motion can be acted upon." FPC officials said no determination has been made by it on how and to what extent the court decisions 'will apply. 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