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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 84 Blythevllle Courier Blythevllle Daily Newi MiMlHlppI Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 30, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES TIVE CENTS 5 Joiner Men Killed as Car, Truck Collide Sixth Seriously Hurt When Auto Fails to Make Curve Five Joiner men were killed near Marion today when their car spun out of control on a Highway 61-63 curve and collided with a tractor-trailer truck. House Receives Package Bill To Trim Funds 32 Per Cent Cut *- In State Department Budget Is Included . WASHINGTON W)—A 35 per cent cut In new funds requested for the state Department by former President Truman was recommended today by the House Appropriations Coomittee. The committee also called for cuts of 25 per cent -in funds re- Quested for the Commerce Department and 4 per cent in i': ; se sought for the Justice Department. The three agencies' appropriations for the fiscal year starting July 1 are embodied in a package bill sent to the House floor today By the committee. Its total of $1,143,146,712 is 22 per cent, or $326,347,803, below the amounts Truman requested in his January budget and $147,911,303 less than the three departments received for the present year. The committee gave no comparison of its overall recommendations with revised money requests made since President Eisenhower took office. Here's what the committee recommended: State Department — $102,744,787, a cut of $48,403,803 from thatTru- man requests and $3Q,290,9P3 b/JS: this year's funds. * ' •' ' '( Justice Department—$179,265,000. • a cut of $7,885,000 from Truman estimates and $5,028,000 from current appropriations. Commerce Department — $8lu,136,925 a cut of $270,059.0001 from'Iranian requests and $112, 593,211 ''from fiscal 1953 funds. "Voice" Not Included No funds were recommended for the State Department's education and information services, including the "Voice of America," since the future status of this program is uncertain. It will be financed in a later bill. Sharp cuts in State Department personnel were foreseen by the committee as a result of its recommendations. Rep. Clevenger (R—Ohio, chairman of the subcommittee which drafted the bill, said the department has "too many people and too many agencies in many of the foreign countries." The Federal Bureau of Investigation budget wasn't cut at all. The committee said it had full confidence Director J. Edgar Hoover I. wouldn't spend any money unnecessarily. The committee recommended that Hoover's boss, Atty. Oen. Brownell, be given "absolute discretion" to fire department em- ployes whenever he believes the interests of the country require it. This authority has been given to heads of other agencies designated as "sensitive." Could Disregard Laws Brownell also would be authorized to disregard civil service laws in employing U. S. attorneys, with the understanding that they devote full time to government work and not be paid more than $14,000 annually. Biggest money cute in the bn were in funds requested by Truman for the Maritime Administration's ship building program and for the Bureau of Public Roads. Truman asked for 118'/ 2 million dollars to build four new cargo- passenger ships and a prototype tanker, but Eisenhower withdrew the request and the committee went along with him. It approved the entire 25 millions requested for payment of operating differential subsidies by the Maritime Administration. Stata Police Sgt. Marion Thomas identified the dead as: JultM Ralph, 85, driver of the oar. William A. Shannon, 23. William A. Lawrence, 29. lewis Lee Lanier, 25. Donald McGowen, 23. Fred Lanier, 28, also of Joiner, and brother of Lewis, sixth occupant of the car, was seriously injured and is in Orittenden county Hospital at West Memphis. Hospital officials listed his head and chest injuries as critical. The truck driver, Franklin A. Mayo, 36, of Walnut drove, Miss., was not injured. Trooper Thomas said the car, which was headed north, failed to make the curve and crashed into the southbound truck. He said the wreck happened about 4 a.m., near the Marion city limits. The. men were believed to be returning to Marion from Memphis when the accident occurred. Car Crushed The heavy trailer truck, loaded with 15 tons of soybeans, was headed toward Memphis. Police said the car plowed into the side of the truck, knocking the rear dual wheels from under it and crushing the lighter vehicle like an accordion. The tangled wreckage and the load of soybeans, strewn along the highway, blocked the road. Highway patrolmen set up road blocks on both sides of the crash scene and routed traffic around it. Funeral arrangements for the men are incomplete, though services for William A. Lawrence have been tentatively set for 1 p.m. tomorrow at First Baptist Church in Wilson. Citizens Funeral Home of West Memphis is in charge. .. 'Mr. : Lawrence, a truck driver for -ifia .'^iu, 'cil Gouipan;^ in jqiii,~, is'survived by his wife, 'Mrs. Mary Virginia Lawrence; his' parents of Mumford, Tenn.; there daughters. Bonnie, Donna, and Mary. Ann Se WRECK on Page 12 THE HEIGHT OF SOMETHING OR OTHER — He couldn't do it again If he wanted to, but a Los Angeles, Calif., driver, George Harris, got his car in this position Tuesday. Harris said he swerved to avoid another car and the next thing he knew he was driving way up there. The auto rests on a cable used to brace a utilities pole. (AP Wlrephoto) U.N. Warns of Shortcut In Prisoner Exchange Reds Told 32,000 North Korean Captives May Be 'Simply Released' By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM (AP) — The Allies warned the Communists today they might take a short cut through the snarled prisoner exchange problem by simply releasing 32,000 North Koreans who don't want to go home. Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison, ated by the Reds themselves. chief Allied negotiator, said thnt turning the prisoners free in South Korea would follow a pattern cre- Inside Today's Courier News . . . Major league hitlers break out in long: ball rash . . . Kentucky Derby to feature whole host of new owners . . . Sports . . . Page 10 ... . . . Repatriated corporal tells of living: hell »«, prisoner .'of Reds - ,.,. . . . Society . r. P2?e 4". . . . . . markets . . , Page" 12 ... . . . Industrial building hunt underlines city's needs . . . . editorials . . . Page ^ . . . A. E. C. Implies it Has Actual H-Bomb Devices By FRANK CAREY WASHINGTON (AP) — The Atomic Energy Commission implied today — for the first time — that it has actual "devices" in the hydrogen bomb line presumably crude models, and that they reelase atomic energy on a "large scale." Council to Meet Tonight on City Airport Issue Blytheville's City Council will meet for the third time this month »t 8 o'clock tonight in the Municipal Courtroom in City Hall. Primary Item on the agenda is expected to be a report by Council and Chamber of Commerce committees which have been considering a request that the city ask the Air. Force for Joint use of the air base here for civilian planes. A meeting lost Thursday night was adjourned until tonight because of the airport matter. Cherry Homes New State Welfare Board LITTLE ROCK (/P) — Gov. Charry today named a new 9-member state Welfare Board and a 3-member Abstractors Board besides making several Individual appointments. A 1053 act provided for reorganization of the Welfare Board to conform with the reduction in the Arkansas congressional districts from seven to six. Cherry retained two members, of the old board, Claude Gregory of Jonesboro, who was named to a 3-ycar term and Fred Philpot of Mena, who received an 8-year term. Others named to the Board were: Gene Flanagan of Forrest City, one year; Tom Bill Rogers of Harrison, two years; Eagle street of Batesville, four years; K. A. Engel of Little Rock, five years; Mrs. Mabel Oeiseck of Parkin, six years; Mrs. Juanita Mays of Paragould. seven years; and John Bunker of Lake Village, nine years. On the Abstractors Board, Cherry appointed Thomas Carrell of De- Queen for two years; R. P. Strozler of Searcy, four years; and Mrs. Frances Walls of Paragould, six years. Ike Is Expected To Sign Rent Bill WASHING-TON (F, — A bill extending rent controls on 5,500,000 housing unite in 32 states until July 31 is expected to get President Eisenhower's signature before midnight tonight. The measure — passed by Con- giuss last week — was a compromise on his request for extension until Oct. 1. Conviction Upheld ST. LOUIS «V-The conviction of James P. Finnegan, former St. Louis collector of internal revenue, on two charges of misconduct In office was upheld today by the II. S.i Court of Appeals. An attorney for Finnegan said » rehearing would b* requested. Up to now, the commission has couched its references to developments in hydrogen bomb research in scientific double-talk, saying only that certain atomic tests at Eniwetok have "contributed to thermonuclear research." The word "bomb" is almost never used; weapons tested are "devices." Up to now the commission has referred only to "nuclear devices"—never "thermonuclear devices" which would refer to H-bombs. But today Dr. Thomas H. Johnson, research director for the AEC, made a speech at the annual spring meeting of the American Physical Society. He was talking about the commission's interest in research machines such as cyclotrons, lin/ ear accelerators and Van de Graaf generators—or "atom - smashing" machines. He said: "The interest to the AEC in research done with some of those machines is related to the fact that they produce under controliea conditions on a laboratory scale the same reactions that are involved in the large scale release of ener- He also told the Communists to nominate a non-Asian country as neutral caretaker for 48.000 Communist prisoners who don't want to go home and made it clear the Allies would discuss little else until that's done. In an unproductive, 51-minute meeting, Harrison said that choosing the neutral caretaker nation must come next. He added:: "All Asian nations are located very^ close to countries dominated by Communists and might therefore be subjected to Communist military, economic or political influence." The delegations meet again Friday at 1 a.m. Harrison torn newsmen trie Communists "talk a lot about concessions, but on the vital point of ultimate disposition of prisoners there has been no concession of any kind." He repeated his contention that the Red proposals would indirectly force prisoners to choose between return against their will or endless captivity. To Discuss Prisoner Exchange In threatening to release Koreans who don't want to go home, Harrison said: "It would seem quite appropriate that these Koreans whom we are still holding as prisoners and who want to live in South Korea should be released without further delay to enter into the civilian life of their fellow Koreans rather than be retained indefinitely as they might under your proposal. "It always has seemed strange to us that the representatives of Com- muni.st China should insist that native Koreans who refuse to return to North Korea and seek to live in South Ko: ».i should be forced to return to North Korea. The obviously humane thin? would be to release See TRUCE on Page 12 gy in fission and devices." A "fission 1 . 1 thermonuclear device is one that duplicates the reaction of an A- bomb which explodes as the result of fission, or splitting of atoms. A "thermonuclear device" on the other hand would involve the "fusion," or joining together of atoms 10 cause a release of atomic energy. State May Lose Hospital Funds Scout Leaders Training Course To Begin Here Adult Scout leaders from North Mississippi County District will be on hand at American Legion's Boy Scout hut at 7:30 tonight for the first in a series of leaders' training courses. The five-week series, which will be held on Thursday nights, is under direction of Kelley Welch, district le.iderPhip training chairman. Patrol and troop hiking will be the subject of tonight's instructional period aw* will be directed by Kenneth Richardson and H. A. Haines. New training films have been ordered for the courses, Mr. Welch stated. Ike Whacks $8.5 Billion Off Truman Budget Reports Say Camtkersville Man on. POW List Memorized by Repatriated Buddy Missing in action since July 14, 1950, Cpl. Robert H. Ghyers of Caruthersville was reported in "pretty good shape" today by a repatriated prisoner of war. Cpl. Everett W. Ritenour, Woodstock, Va., said Corporal Ghyers along with 80 other men who were his prison camp (Red Prison Camp No. 5 on the Yalu River), are "okay." (For full list, see Page 7) With a field artillery unit,' Corporal Ghyers was taken prisoner in action south of Seoul. He was wounded in the face and foot and listed as missing in action 'or about 18 months. After that time, according to his sister, Mrs. J. c. Green of Caruthersville, his family began to get letters from him in the prison camp. "He said in one letter that they had fixed up his wounds and that he was getting along all right," Mrs. Green stated. He appeared on a UN prisoner ll»t in December, 1951. A student in Caruthersville schools, he joined the army when only 16 years old and has been in nearly five years. He is the son of Mrs. Minnie Ghyer of Caruthersville. By The Associated Press A check of the official list of the prisoner list turned over to the United Nations Dec. 20, 1951, showed most of them to be on the list. In Honolulu, a returned American prisoner told the Army he memorized the names of 50 U. S. soldiers listed as missing or dead but who actually were held in Red prison camps. The Army confirmed the report but refused to release the repatriate's name or the names of his 50 fellow prisoners. A spokesman said disclosure of the names "might lead to reprisals against the men still in Communist hands." The Army did not comment on Ritenour's list. Publication of lhe...list..,was. permitted by the ' Army censor after he checked his headquarters, Ritenour was among POWs tentatively docketed for return to the U. S. today or tomorrow. Eight Boys' State Delegates Picked Group to Leave For Annual Legion Event May 30 Appointment of eight delegates to ;he annual Boys' State to be held at Camp Robinson May 30-June 6 'was announced today by the American! Legion post here. Delegates will be Bob Childress, 3illy Gilbow, Charles Ray Hall, Sugh Hopper, Jimmy Buffington, Eddie Bakes and Bobby Lee Hill, ail of Blytheville, and Donald Barnes of Dell. They will be sponsored by the Blythevllle and Dell Klwanls Clubs, Jons Club, Rotary Club, Arkansas- Missouri Power Co., and the Amer- can Legion, The Legion here also announced hat a Fifth District meeting will >e held in Manila Sunday beginning at 11 a.m. In a resolution adopted by Dud lason Post at a meeting Tuesday night, reductions in the Veteran's Administration's operating budget vere criticized as resulting in "violation and evasion of the nation's obligation to sick and disabled veterans and . . . curtailing vital serv- ces to ex-servicemen and women." Asserting thai bed space in VA lospitals is not available because of ack of operating funds, the resolu- ion states "We fall to see the logic In building hospitals and them withholding the funds to make them operative." 12 Returnees Begin Last Lap to Homes By G. K. HODENFIELD TRAVIS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. (AP) — Twelve American fighting men who may never fight again, sped to their homes in the lar corners of the TJ. S. today. two brothers stayed close together. They left together last night for home. After a 30-day leave Pvt Garcia will go into an Army hospital. Days, weeks, or months latei he will come out and start life They are the vanguard of the first 35 repatriated POWs to reach home from Korea. More will fly out of this sprawling air base later today and tomorrow. And another 63 wiil be borne swiftly across the Pacific in giant C97 Stratocrulsers. A few of those who arrived here yesterday aren't going home Immediately. They are going to hospitals where doctors will try to mend their shattered bodies and broken minds. Yesterday's repatriates were happy—but they cringed from the welcome that awaited them, Befpre they left the plane they sent out the word—"We don't want to talk to any reporters. We have talked enough already." Then the 26 walking wounded filed off the big plane. They walked straight to a waiting bus. Some smiled, some waved, all looked around curiously. Little emotion showed on their faces. But strain was there, and pain, and the lines carved deep by war and captivity. Nine Liter Patients White-jacketed medics'then went aboard and 'brought oub the nine littler patients. An amputee, a man with tuberculosis, a soldier who couldn't bend his leg. While tile litter cases were being carried tenderly into a huge ambulance, there was a sudden commotion by the bus. Pvt. Jose Oarcla, blinded in one eye py the blast of a Communist grenade, slammed down a window and greeted his kid brother Alfonso in a tearful, joyous reunion. Alfonso had reached the field late and got lost in the milling crowd. He finally spotted his brother and pounded the bus to attract attention. Throughout the afternoon the The bus and moved slowly, the ambulance almost gently across the base to the bright new hospital. Reporters, cameramen, televis- See 12 RETURNEES on Page 12 Another 63 U.S.POWs QnWayHome TOKYO .Ml—Another planeload of disabled Aliled soldiers left Tokyo today at 7:41 p. m. (4:41 a. m. CST) for the United States on the lust leg of a trip .that began in North Korean prison camps. " The plane was one of two which will tako 63 sick and wounded— mostly Amerlcans-^through Honolulu to Travis Air Force Base near San Francisco. The second plane was due to leave about 1:30 a. m. tomorrow (10:30 a. m. today CST). The planes will make a 17-hour flight to Honolulu, stop there briefly to let the prisoners rest and then make a nine-hour flight to Travis. These will be the second and third planeloads of repatriated prisoners to fly home. The first group of 35 prisoners arrived at Travis Wednesday. A list of those going home follows, but the army warned that some names might be changed before both planes left. Last Controls Go LONDON (/Pi— Britain's Board of Trade today abolished price controls on nylon stockings — the last of a once-long list of consumer goods controled by the department since World War II. Repatriated Arkansan Comes Home After Five Long Years By NORBERT OLSIIEESKI LITTLE ROCK (AP) — cpl. Willie J. Patrick of Hlllemann, Ark., came back to Arkansas today for the first time since 1948 and said: "I'm not going to do anything for the next 30 days." Patrick arrived at Little Rock's airport with two other repatrlatec prisoners who were released by Joiner Group Establishing Legion Post JOINER—Plans for establishing an American Legion Post were made at an organizational meeting here last night. Speck Hughes Post was the name selected for the Legion group here Tull Johnson of Joiner was named temporary chairman to preside at a meeting scheduled for 8 p.m next Thursday at the Masonic Hall. Five members of Dud Cason Posl in Blytheville were present last night to help establish the Joiner post. They were Post Commander A. S, Harrison, John Burnett, Gay- tord Lewis, Paul Mahon and Speck McGregor. Thirty-five members were enrolled at last night's meeting. 750 Years Ago Today U.S. Pulled 'Big Deal' HOKB ALTSCHUIX WASHINGTON (/!») — This Is the' Purchase. to In history books as the Louisiana day Uncle Sam pats himself on the back for pulling off the biggest real estate deal In history, even though it wasn't legal. It was 150 years ago Thursday April 30, 1803, that a million square miles of the richest land In the world sold for a paltry four cents WASHINGTON UF> — Arkansas I back lor pulling off the biggest re may lose $324,460 In federal funds .'..?.. bb<==ui. it wanted to match state or local money for construction of hospitals'. Roy L. Harlow,. chief finance officer of the Public Health Service, revealsd the possible cutback in the federal aid in testimony before the House Appropriation Committee. He did not specify the hospitals that would be affected by the fund slicing, but they reportedly .Include St. Edward's- Mercy Hospital, Ft. Smith, and the University of Arkansas Medical Center and St. Vln- c«nt'« Intlrmcry, Little Rock, , Carved from that great domain were Louisiana, Missouri, Arkansas, Iowa, Minnesota, North and Smith Dakota, Nebraska and Oklahoma in their entirety and most of Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming and Montana. Hijinks arc scheduled at a num- i her of cities In the old Louisiana \Even at that price, historians tell Territory, particularly St. Louis and us, Uncle Sam might have taken a 15 million dollar licking. The historians say the salesman, a onetime corporal named Napoleon Bonaparte, might have given up the acreage lor nothing. New Orleans. The federal government Is observing the occasion with a new three cent stamp honoring the signers'*of the deed, Robert Livingston and James Monroe of the U. S. The land in question la refcrieU and Barbe - Marbois of France, Still, the whole thing Is Illegal. Napoleon had no right to sell the land and Thomas Jefferson, who as president authorized the purchase, always maintained it was unconstitutional. It seems that when Spain ceded the territory to France In 1763, France pledged she would not give the land to anyone else. Bvit Napoleon, at war with England In 1803 apparently deckled the territory might be too difficult to defend. So he started negotiations with America's fledgling republic. With the purchase, the fledgling took wing and soon — as historians reckon time — became a first rate Power. the Communists at Pammunjon more than a week ago. Patrick, short and slightly built, appeared to be In good health. The corporal, was captured by the Communists in December, 1950. Patrick said, "we were just run over" when he was taken at Chang- Jin reservoir. Friends and relatives, Including a formei 1 member of Patrick's squad in Korea, Hollls Barett of Little Rock, met him when the American Airlines plane landed Other returned prisoners who were on the plane with Patrick included Sgt.. Walter Mitchell of (715 Oak Grove Avenue) Greenville,. Tenn., and Pfc. Robert Fleming of (3327 Tutweller Avenue) Memphis. The two other returnees left on the plane for Memphis at 8:45 a.m. Willie's cousins, Mr. and Mrs. John D. Sims of Lonoke, were at I ",' „ the airport to drive him to his home in the tiny Woodruff County community of Hlllemann. However, that was not necessary. Arkansas State Police had already arranged to do the job. State Police Lt. Damon Wilson said he didn't know who ordered the car for the soldier, "It just came from higher headquarters." Patrick enlisted for three years n 1948, and is long overdue for his discharge. He said he was wounded In the left arm. His feet were frost-bitten. $5 Billion Cut For Military Said Proposed Legislative Leaders Given Reduction Proposals Today WASHINGTON (AP) _ President Eisenhower reportedly laid before legislative leaders today preliminary proposals to whack approximately 8>/o billion dollars off former President Truman's budget. Lawmakers who sat In on the discussion at the White House said the tentative cuts would include a reduction of about five billion dollars In Truman's proposals for military spending. Reductions of $1,800,000,000 In foreign aid, $1,200,000,000 in do- atomic projects also were discussed. Eisenhower was said to havo emphasized that the approximate B'/ 2 billion cuts under the Truman $78,600,000,000 spending program for the year beginning July 1 were only preliminary and would be reviewed later. Truman figured defense spending at $46,300,000,000. Truman proposed spending $2,700,000,000 for atomic energy and $1,861,000,000 on foreign assistance. Lawmakers who attended tha conference said it was their Impression that the proposed 8'/ 2 billion dollar cuts would make It possible to balance the so-called "cash" budget in the next fiscal year. This budget is based on what the treasury actually pays out and takes in, including social security and similar receipts which go into trust funds. Still Out Of Balance . The proposed cut, however, would leave the regular budget out of balance more than l>/ 2 billion dollars, since tax revenues for the fiscal year were estimated at $68,865,000,000 by Truman. In this connection, the conference was Informed that revenues are declining, with some Indications that they may not reach the total predicted by Truman. Tiie President was reported to :iave said that action on proposed tax reductions would have to await more definite information as to what the deficit may run. One conferee said there was leated discussion of the military budget, with Eisenhower acting more in the role of a referee than i participant. Eisenhower was said to have aid down the principle that he Intends to keep the security of this country as the No. 1 consideration at all times. These reports came from legislators who asked not to be quoted )y name. But earlier, at the White House, some of the conferees had said the cuts contemplated would be "right on the edge" of balancing the budget. Sen. Bridges (R-NH) gave that estimate to reporters as he left he While House. News Conference Today In more cautious language, Republican Leader Taft of Ohio Bald he administration has "substantial livings" In defense spending in >ight but probably won't announce any figures for another two weeks. Eisenhower's public word was to made at his weekly news con- erence set for 2 p. m. (EST). The White House gave report- irs to understand that the President would say how much he thinks can safely be cut from the military spending budget proposed by the Truman administration. Taft said he expected Eisenhower would discuss at his news conference only "general policy" but added the President might dls- Asked what kind of treatment he received from the Communists, or the frostbite, Patrick replied, ''none." None of Willie's Immediate amlly were at the airport to welcome him. He said he had sent them a elegram beloi'e he left San Francisco yesterday. Willie came with a slight glisten n his eye, said "I just don't know what to say. I'm Just happy to be home." a minimum saving See IKE on Pace 12 Weather ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy this afternoon; generally fair tonight and Friday; a little cooler tonight. MISSOURI—Mostly cloudy tonight and Friday; occasional light ruin extreme north tonight wtih scattered showers over the stat« Friday; little change In temperature; low tonight generally in ths 50s; high Friday 60s northwest to 70-75 southeast. Minimum this morning—53. Maximum yesterday—64. Sunrise tomorrow—5:11. Sunset today— &-A\. Preclp. 24 hours to 7 a.m.—2.33. Prcclp. since Jan, 1—21.81. Mcrtn temperature (midway between lKh and low)—73. Normal nnd menu for April—58.5. This Date l.ait Year Minimum this morning—38. Maximum yesterday—93. Preclp. Jan, 1 to date—J0.3I.