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The Inter Ocean from Chicago, Illinois • Page 4

Publication:
The Inter Oceani
Location:
Chicago, Illinois
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Page:
4
Extracted Article Text (OCR)

tehju or cMcmira. DAILY. Br carrier, aar pmrt of th citr, per week Including- Saaasr edition- By mail p7bls In advance), Ir By nail (jrbU in advance), 3 month. S.O S.M Sunday edition, per year (extraX- SEMI-WEEKLY. By mail, per year (in By mail, clue of for (in By mail, club of eix (in aarance) Bt mail, club of ten in I1.0O One rve wtpy with every club of 10.

WEEKLY. By mail, per year (in Club of four do dvnce). Club of ten (in advance). iiN M.0O Club of twecty (in advance) One free copy with every club of Z. BATES for Anrr.BTMurck DAILY.

Special order, on first pege, Publisher's option, per line- Tor Sale, etc, per line. Bnaineaa notice, per line Beadinc notice, per line- Elnxte column 8EMI.VYEEKLY. General advertisement, per line Bali nee notices, per line Beadinc notices, per line WEEKLY. General advertisement, per line Business notice, per line tWjfin- motice.nr line. 6inft column ai.

Fifty per cent, extra charged for advertisement set in double column. Cut deaMe price. Solid aerate tbe basis measurement. ADVICE TO CORirtOXDEjrT. We de not read anonymous letters and communications.

The name and address oi the writer are In all cases indispensable. We cannot undertake to return or preserve communications that are not used. We desire moat news of occurrence happening in various localities. Write only on one side of the paper. Short sentences are preferable to Ion ones.

Sever abbreviate; words, but write them out in roll. TO-DIY'S AjaraEXESTSL HOOLEY'S THEATER Randolph between Clark and LaSalle. Dreams of Delusion," Boots at the Swan," and Post of Honor." MYERS' OPERA HOUSE Monroe st, between Dearborn and State. Arlington, Cotton dt Kemble's Minstrels. ACADEJtY OF MUSIC Halsted st, between Madison and Monroe.

"The MajUtons." THE ADELPHT Wabash av. and Congress st. Variety performance. McVICKEB'S THEATER Madison st, between State and Dearborn. La Belle Helena." GLOBE THEATER Despiaine st, between Washington and Randolph.

Variety performance. MONTGOMERY QUEES C1RCTS-Comer of Elizabeth and Madison sis. CHICAGO, FRIDAY, APRIL 24, 1874. The Arkansas rebellion seems to be really at an end, at least for the present The Straits of Mackinac will probably be open to-day, unless the cold snap of last night has checked the melting of the ice. The New York stock market and the prices on the Chicago Board of Trade yesterday told their own story of the effect of the veto on the business of the country.

TJxited States Senator George G. Wright, of Iowa, has been called home by the death of his brother, the Hon. J. R. Wright, which occurred at Keosauqua, Van Buren County, a few days since.

The deceased was a member of the Iowa Legislature a few years ago. The suggestion of the President in his veto message, that there should be more taxation as a preliminary to speedy resumption, will find no indorsement in the Western States among the producing classes. Give the people employment, through an increased volume of currency, and there would be no necessity for increased taxa tion. The movement in the House to learn why the law for the transfer of $25,000,000 of bank cur rency from New England to the West and South has not been enforced is a very pertinent one, in view of the statement of the President that the last-named geographical divisions could have the currency for the asking. More than a year ago the Comptroller of the Currency reported that New England had refused to give up the cur rency.

The Town Council of Paris has suddenly discovered that it is a terrible inconvenience to the public for car stages not to be able to drive through the garden of the Tuileries, and they have authorized the opening of a street through it The public is naturally indignant at this piece of van dalism, which will destroy the most historically famous, best known, and most agreeable resort of the inhabitants and their families in proximity to the center of the city. At present only foot paths traverse the garden, and there is consequently perfect security for children and the en joyment of freedom from noise and dust for all. Patristic New lorJr. bankers were open- mouthed for war against expansion of the cur rency, while, like Arte mas Ward, they supposed it would only result in sacrificing their brothers- in-law, cousins, and relatives generally out West When Comptroller Knox interpreted the Senate bill to mean contraction, one would naturally have inferred that they would right about face at once. No! If the West and South were to suffer, contraction was all right; bat $30,000,000 less money in New York to speculate with! that was another matter! And thev were more bitter against the bill than ever.

Patriotism, like nitro-glycerine, is a legitimate implement of defence while our side controls it; bat when our enemies get hold of the article, it becomes too barbarous to be used in civilized warfare! Snccx the war a large number of educated and well-to-do Englishmen have settled in the Old Dominion, where they seem to find a condition of society which is peculiarly congenial to them. These English settlers, says the London DaUy Newt, have resolved to keep, on the 25th of next month, the birth-day of Victoria, because the 24th, tbe actual anniversary, falls on a Sunday, The Legislature of the State of Virginia has passed a resolution expressing sympathy with the effort to unite the testimony of actual settlers and augment their influence by means of a grand reunion at Richmond on- that day. The proposal is that a great banquet shall be held, and the railways have promised to reduce their fares and the hotels their charges, in order that as many British settlers as possible may be induced to attend. Sir Edward Thornton has been asked to preside, and Governor Kemper has promised to be one of the guests. No on in this latitude need be informed that we are having a cold, backward spring.

On Monday last a snow storm prevailed over most parts of the West, proving so severe in Western Iowa that three men who were caught out in it perished. Up to the time the stem camepn, prob- oa1 as. ably not more than one-half of the wheat had been sown in all the region west and north of this city, and the ground has not yet sufficiently dried off to enable farmers to resume operations. The melting snow will no doubt greatly benefit the grain already sown, but the heavy snow fall and the continmed cold weather will greatly retard the operations of the farmers. There will have to be great haste in planting the corn whenever the warm weather shall come along.

While this extreme backwardness is discouraging, apparently, we believe it is a fact that heretofore our late, cold springs have always been followed by our most abundant crops. In this view of the matter there is nothing to indicate other than the usual abundance in the coming harvest. THE veto KESSAQE. No President of the long succession can justly be said to have more clearly discerned the will of the people, and generally to have more scrupulously obeyed it, than U. S.

Grant His as surance to the country, in his hrst inaugural, that he should have no policy to enforce against the will of the people," his abandonment of the project of the annexation of San Domingo, notwithstanding his judgment approved it, with a graceful allusion to his original pledge, and his course of uniform deference to the popular voice, have combined greatly to strengthen the public confidence in his superior judgment and devoted loyalty to the principles of our rep resentative form of government. It is in view of these facts that the veto of the currency bill strikes the country with astonishment In New York yesterday distress pervaded all the markets, stocks declined heavily, and there appeared the incipient signs of a panic. In this city there was a fall in prices of grain and provisions of percentages showing an aggregate shrinkage on the stock in store of $200,000. What reasons has the President given to Congress for an act whose depressing effects became visible to an alarming extent within twenty-four hours of the transmission of the veto message to the Sen A i i.i a ate is not ciaimeu mat tne measure was an act of hasty legislation," which is good ground for a veto. On the contrary, the bill has been months under discussion.

It is not pretended that the act is unconstitutional. It is not object ed that the measure is radical. Indeed, the Pres ident says: Practically it is a Question whether the measure under discussion would give an auuiuonai dollar to tiie irredeemable paper currency of the country or not. and whether by requiring three-fourths of the reserve be re tained by the banks, and prohibiting interest to be received on oancea, migot not prove a contraction. Tls circumstance results from a fact, namely: that the contest became so bitter in the Senate that only a compromise measure could be passed.

The President quotes and reaffirms the following passage from his message to Congress in December, 1869: Anvmc the evils erowine out of the rebellion, and not yet relerrea to, is tnai oi an irreaecmaDie currency, it is an evil which I hope will receive your lnoxt earnest attention. It is a duty, and one of tho hisbest duties oi the government, to secure to the citizen a medium of exchange of fixed, unvarying value. But there is a later utterance from the Presi dent on this subject. In his message of last December he said: The experience of the present panic has proven that the currency of the country, baed as it is upon the credit of tne country, is tne best ttai hat errr been amtrd. I siially in times of such trials currency ha become worthle-', or so much depreciated in value as to innate the values of all tne necessaries oi me as comparer wun tne currency.

Everyone holding it ha tn-en anxiou to depose of it on any terms. Now we the reverse. Htttttrrt of currency hoard it at they did guU i. farmer expertencet of a lite nature. In his message of December, the Presi dent said: Mvown ludzment Is that a wcie basis cannot be reached and maintained unfii our export, excliutire of gold, pay ftrr our import, interest due abroad, and other specie obligations, or so m-irly so as to leave au appreciable accumulation of th'.

precious meUils iu the country from the products of our mines. But in the veto message in question the President says: While coin is not used as a circulating medium, or the currency of the country is not convertible into it at par, it becomes an article of commerce as much as any other product. The surplus will reek a foreign market as will any other surplus. The brvawr of trade ha nothinn nth the OMextum, The Ur.tie- on imporu.beinc, required in coin, create a limited demand for cld. and atou; enough to satisfy that demand remains in the country.

These conclusions ure diametrically opposed the one to the other. In his message of Dccerjilier last the President said: In any modification of the present laws regulating national banks, as a further step toward preparing for resumption of specie payment. I invite your attention to a consideration of the propriety of exacting from them the retention, as a part of their reserve, either the whole or a part of the gold interest accruing upon the bonds pledged as security for their issue. The bill which the President has vetoed contained an adoption of this suggestion by providing that the national tanks should hold as a part of their legal reserve one-fourth part of the gold interest accruing on the bonds pledged as security for their In his message of December last the President said: Elasticity in ourmnnetary system, therefore, is the object to be obtained tint, and next to that, as far as possible, a prevention of the use oi other people's money in stoek and other species of speculation. To prevent the latter, it eems to me that one great step would be taken by prohibiting the national bank from paying interest on deposits, by requiring them to hold their reserves in their own vaulu, and by forcing them into resumption, though it would be only in legal tender notes.

The bill vetoed contained a clause in almost exact accordance with the above suggestion, as follows: And that hereafter only one-fourth of the reserve now prescribed by law for the national banking associations shall consist of balances due to an association available for the redemption of its circulating notes from associations in cities of redemption, and upon which balances no interest shall be paid. In his veto message the President says: The 144,000,000 have even been regarded a reserve to be used only in case of an emergency, such as has occurred on several occasion, and must occur when, from any cause, the revenues suddenly fall below the expenditures; and such a reserve is necessary because the fractional currency, amounting to is redeemable la legal-tenders on call. But it is the opinion of Congress, expressed in the Senate currency bill, that this discretionary power should no longer be lodged with the Secretary of the Treasury. It was conferred upon the Secretary by Congress. Is it justifiable in the President to interpose his mere opinion against that of Congress, when that body deliberately votes to remove such discretionary power from the hands of the Secretary? In his message of December, 1S69, the President said: In view of the great actual contraction that has taken place In the currency, and the comparative con traction continuously going on, due to the increase of population, increase of manufactories, and all the Industrie, do not better tiler is too much qit nowor the dullest period of Hit If there is not too much of it (currency) for the dullest period of the year," there is certainly not enough "of it" (currency) for the most active period of the year," which will be upon us before another session of Congress.

And yet the has vetoed a measure providing for only a moderate increase of the currency, and not only vetoed it, but in his message earnestly recommended legislation with the view of a speedy return to specie payments. But thermost remarkable feature of the veto message is the proposition for "an increase of the revenues to pay the current expenses, provide for the sinking fund required by law, and also a wrpftxs to be retained in the Treasury in noli" This is carrying the war into Africa" in good earnest, for it most be remembered that the lower house of Congress has been laboring all THE DAILY INTEB-OCE AIT, FMDAY MOBNINO. APKTL 24, 1874." winter to cut down appropriations with a view to the decrease of taxation. The country is in so condition to bear an increase of the revenues for any purpose, and least of all for the purpose of accumulating a surplus of gold in the Treas- ury. The more closely the veto message is scanned, especially in relation to former messages of the President andparticularly that of last December, the more incomprehensible does it appear.

But one conclusion can be arrived at in passing an impartial judgment upon it, namely: that the President's mind has been unduly influenced, and his usual clear apprehension of the will of the people clouded by tho violent clamor of Eastern politicians, Congressmen, and newspapers, and his sense of jus tice overborne by the powerful and importunate lobby of bankers and capitalists, who, disregarding alike custom and propriety, have invaded tho privacy of the Executive mansion to force upon the head of the government their selfish demands. On np other hypothesis can the veto message be accounted for, especially since it is in such violent contrast with the following paragraph from the message of December last, namely: The drcuion of Congreu on the mhjeet of the currency wilt have the heart tupport of the Eiecutire. THE AKXAHSAS TROUBLE. The war in Arkansas is over, at least for the present, and Brooks, by his sharp aw tTctai, is the Governor. Baxter has called tho Legislature together for the purpose of settling the quarrel and determining who is Governor, but it is by no means certain that this will end the matter.

In the first place, according to the courts, Baxter has no authority whatever to convene the Legislature. They have decided that he has no right to act as Governor, and although, if he were in possession of the office and the machinery of the government, his proclamation would be recognized, the fact that he is neither the de facto nor the de jure Governor must render his calle-the Legislature an absolute nullity, unless i is assented to by Brooks, which is improbable. Should the legislature convene under the call of Baxter, therefore, and decide him to be the legal executive of the State, it is likely that the trouble will be as far from settlement as ever. With the courts on one side and the Legislature on the other, the quarrel would rather be intensified than settled. But it is by no means certain that the Legislature will take the side of Baxter even if convened.

It is freely alleged that they declined before to interfere against Baxter, more because he was the acting Governor and possessed of the power and influence of the State than because he was really deemed the legitimate executive. Perhaps the possession of the insignia of office may exert an equally favorable influence for Brooks, now that he has changed places with his opponent. But suppose Brooks, the actual, and claiming to be the rightful, Governor, should refuse to convene the Legislature or assent to the call of Baxter? Should they meet, he would of course refuse to recognize their acts, and the difficulty would be no nearer a settlement than le fore. The only way open for Mr. Baxter would be that of courts, but here he is met Ly a very serious obstacle.

II is own chick ens have come home to roost When Brooks applied to the Supreme Court for relief, the court, under the direction of Baxter, as it is said, declared that it possessed no jurisdiction, and that the only body competent to consider and decide the case was the Legislature. Baxter is, there fore, met by the following difficulties: 1. He cannot convene the Legislature, because ho is not the de facto Governor, and has yet to prove that he is even the Governor dtjure. 2. He cannot prove this before the Supreme Court and ask to be installed in office, because the court has already deemed that it possesses no jurisdiction.

3. If he should go ln-low and seek redress from an inferior court, he is met by a decision placing Brooks in the chair. Altogether the prospect is not particularly favorable to Mr. Baxter's resumption of author ity, and it would hardly be out of place to suggest to him, in the words of the lamented philosopher of the Tribune, that he had better "go West, and grow up with the country." MOSEY AND TRADE. A correspondent of the Inter-Ocean inquires: Why is money scarcer in 1S74 than it was in iSi when the amount of business was greater than we are transact ing at resent 7" And adds: "It seems a paradox that more currency is required for less trade." The panic of 1873 was caused by a scarcity of currency.

This is undeniable. There wa3 an extraordinary demand for currency to move the crops; the volume of the circulating medium wes insufficient there was a sudden collapse, and then an immediate rush of individuals for self-preservation. Confidence having been destroyed at a single blow, every business interest felt the shock, and commenced to contract Greenbacks were hoarded and the banks driven to suspension. During the season of panic the equilibrium of the exchanges was entirely de stroyed. When the reaction from the tem porary delirium set in, the ordinary channel and regularity of exchanges was soon restored; but the business of the country, to conduct which the bank exchange system is merely a middle man," a substitute for barter, was found to be so shattered as to he incapable of immediate recu peration.

It was, and still is, paralyzed, and hence powerless to avail itself of the facilities offered. Under such circumstances it is no paradox that more currency is required for less trade." The auxiliary currency-checks, bills, drafts, and promissory notes is to the legal currency gold and silver, or paper money as ten to one. When confidence is strong, and credit high', this auxiliary currency serves as the medium of exchange for all large transactions, leaving the legal currency to perform two functions, namely: 1. The settlement of clearing house balances. 2.

The payment of the-, wages of labor and the settlement of retail accounts. But when confidence is weak and credit low the functions of the legal currency are greatly multiplied. Everycheck, bill, draft, or promissory note is looked upon with suspicion, and their consequent steadily decreasing volume must be supplied by additions of the legal currency gold and silver or paper money. It is an axiom in the limited sci ence of political economy that the legal currency of a country will perform all the service of which it is capable. Thus when the volume of it is large, the volume of inferior or commercial cred its will be correspondingly small, and vice vena.

This fact is strikingly illustrated by the course of the national bank loans and discounts. During the contraction period, from 1865 to 1873, these loans and discounts rose from $487,000,000 to $944,000,000, the advance being gradual and corresponding inversely to the reduction of the volume of the circulation. This fact of recent experience alone is sufficient to demonstrate that an abundant currency does not, aa is alleged by hard-money advocates, tend to expand credits, bat rather to contract them, and so confine business, approximately, to a cash basis. The loss of confidence caused by the panic shattered all inferior credits, and the superior credit money naturally flows in to fill the vacuum. Hence it follows that more currency is required for less trade.

A compasv has been established at Moscow for the purpose of opening direct commercial relations with Afghanistan. The company, which has a capital of one million rubles, is engaged in forming a caravan for the western shores of the Caspian to Asterabad, and further on to Shahrud, Meshet, Herat, and Cabal. At the latter place the proceeds of the sales are to be invested in native articles, to be exported by way of liamian to Balkh, Kunduz, and Bokhara. As the road of the caravan lies partly through the territory of the same Turcoman tribes who wen attacked in the Attruck campaign, it is apprehended that the expedition will produce fresh complications, which, in their turn, may lead to fresh hostilities. The English papers regard the whole scheme as a pretext for further territorial acquisitions in the direction of the Hindo-Kush.

Dikbaei.i's Chancellor of the Exchequer, Sir Stafford Northcote, in submitting the budget to the Commons, had a wholly agreeable duty to discharge. During the past financial year the receipts have exceeded the expenditures by 1,156,000. For the ensuing year the exhibit is even better than Mr. Gladstone anticipated, the surplus being 5,492,000, or nearly half a million more than he expected. The income tax, which was to have been abolished altogether, is not, though a penny in the pound is taken off by a reduction on sugar.

The prosperity of the empire is clearly portrayed in the fact that very few nations, indeed, show any annual surplus at all, whereas England has a large one. Austria, Italy, and Spain would be delighted if they could ever balance the yearly accounts, with nothing to pay and nothing to lay by. France exhibits, indeed, a financial vigor which rivals even that of England, though she has no India and Australia to drain of gold. Her annual receipts are kept pretty 6teadily at the enormous sum of 100,000,000 or 2,500,000,000 francs, while her debt is, even since the war, considerably less than that of Great Britain. She stands at the head of tho nations in the amount of her revenue, Great Britain standing second, Russia third with about 68,000,000, and the United States fourth with between 66,000,000 and 67,000,000.

Compara tively with the revenue, the debts, of Italy, Spain, and Austria are the largest, and it is unfortunate that these three States should give the least flattering promise of resources commensu rate with their needs. England uses her surplus with wisdom. Year by year duties are stricken off from the schedules, and the day when the free breakfast table" will be a fact is drawing near- LVeattli of the Host. Jattob Butler. The friends of this gentleman were pained yester day by the sad intelligence of bis death, which occurred st the Mount Pleasant (Iowa) Insane Hospital in the morning, from acute meningitis.

We are not sufficiently familiar with bis early history to present an extended notice of the deceased. But during the past ten or twelve years he was one of the leaders of public opinion in Iowa. Ills name waj otten mentioned in connection with the Governorship, Congress, and the Supreme Bench; but the only position to which we remember that he was elected waa that of member of of the Lower House of the Legislature for the session of 1366. He was on this occasion chosen Speaker, which was the highest possible compliment to a new member. He discharged the arduous duties of his position with marked ability and judicial impartiality, winning not only the plaudits of his associates, but a hipu reputa tion throughout the State.

He was for a time President of the First National Bank of Muscatine, but last year came to this city to reside, since which time he acted as Vice President of the Marine Companv. He wa3 a man of thorough culture, high mental power, warm and generous sympathies, upright in all his dealings, kindly in bis intercourse with his fellows, pure and true in his daily life. He had been more than ordinarily successful in his business affairs, but not at the cost of others, nor at the loss of his own self-respect He was a useful and a good man, and thousands of and from that State will lament bis sad fate. He died at the early age of 52 years, and had enjoyed excellent health up to three or four weeks afro, when the shadows of mental aberration gathered around him, to be removed only at his death. His funeral will take place at Muscatine to-morrow.

A corrkaposdent of the Rocky Mountain (Denver) Xetc. writing from Del Norte, Mexico, gives an in teresting account of some religions observances ad hered to by a certain class of Mexicans calling them selves Penitentes. Their belief is that every member has to suffer self-inflicted bodily barm for a certain number of and that after that he is sup posed to be free from sin, and that he will inherit an eternal life of happiness hereafter. Good Friday is the day most sacred to the Penitentes, and the most cruel and severe punishments are then imposed on the members. Part of the ceremony consisted of a procession around the Plaza.

The worshipful performers were clad in nothing but nnderbose, with a red or yellow handkerchief tied around their neck, hiding the face. There were ten men who had to undergo the sufferings of what human flesh can endure; three of them were selected to carry cr oases, who took the lead in line, and the remaining seven in single file followed, whipping themselves with unflinching teal and devotion, singing all the time. The commander-in-chief and subordinates led the procession, stopping them at every ten paces, and the men carrying crosses were relieved by having them laid on the ground, and they themselves prostrated on the ground flat on their faces, sang praises to Him on high. Those who were doing the whipping on their black skins would kneel at the command of a halt, never relaxing for a moment the cudgel. A fixed cross, about 200 yards from the temple, was the designated landmark to march to.

They proceeded slowly toward it, resting every ten paces. After making the circuit of the Plaza, the procession returned to the starting place, and then broke np. It is said that before entering upon the duties imposed upon them the image of the cross is cut in their backs with flint The last thing dona on Good Friday is to tie one of their members to a cross, and keep him there two day. Saturday night tbe Penitentes have a big dance, and end tbe affair by getting jolly drank. Eves since the days of that hardened old reprobate.

Captain Kidd, a mania baa seemed to possets some people to dig holes in the ground in search of hidden treasure that either the Captain or some of tbe members of his calling had buried. Notwithstanding the want of evidence to show that tbe "rovers of the deep" ever had anything to bury, the money diggers madly dig and delve for something that never existed. The latest story of pirate wealth comes from 8t Louis, A little distance from that city are tbe remains of an old fort that was formerly known as Bellefontaine. There is a legend connected with the place, to the effect that years ago a large amount of gold was buried near the fort by three Spanish pirates who lived near the Spanish Ponds. The pirates were executed for their crime, and died without divulging the hiding place of their treasure.

The popular belief was that the gold bad been deposited in a cave by the river bank, and that an inundation had filled the cave and destroyed all marks of its existence. A party of men who had become imbued with the belief that tbe treasure existed, secured tbe services of a medium, or sleeper," as they called her, to aid in their undertaking. She told them that the presence of a certain Mr. Douglass was a necessary condition to the well being of the enterprise. Now th's Mr.

Douglass is an unbeliever and he didn't want to go, but the treasure-seekers finally prevailed upon him and he consented. The party set out in the afternoon and arrived at the designated place after dark. It was a sultry night and the stings of millions of mosquitoes rendered staying there almost impossible. The instructions of the clairvoyant required the observance of thestrictest silence. They left the wagon aad crawled into the thicket on all fours.

One of the signs by which the presence of the gold was to be known was a blazinir star, and when tbe watchers saw a me teor dart across the sky and fall to the earth near them, they could hardly suppress exclamations of delight. One of the party crept forward a short distance and suddenly fell flat on the ground, clutching the grass with his fingers. Douglas went to him, and lifting him up, said: Are you hurt?" "You have broken tbe spell," exclaimed the fallen man; "Why did you speak! He then related that as he crawled forward he saw the three headless Spaniards. In their company was a headless woman and a dog, also without a heud, watching something. This disgusted Douglass, and he left the party and returned home.

Since that, two or three men have been digging continually, and thus far without finding the hidden gold. In the reconstruction of his island kingdom, Kala-kaua has taken upon his hands a matter of no small magnitude. The obstacles and perils he has had to contend with are greater than ever fell to tbe lot of any King who has ruled the Hawaiian nation. The Legislature that elected him was mobbed, and the rival chiefs are anything but content with the turn affairs have taken. The present Cabinet is extremely distasteful to the natives, three of tbem being foreigners; but here bis bands are tied.

These Cabinet Ministers represent the moneyed interests of the kingdom; they accept tbe King's notes, indorse his paper, and, if necessary, furnish tbe sinews of war. Every year tbe government is getting deeper and deeper into debt, while its subjects are dying at tbe rate of 1,000 deaths annually over tbe number of births. Except tbe King, whose person is sacred, a very shown toward the but they having the retaliate on tbe people. marked disrespect is high foreism officials; power and the money, and thus keep alive the ill- feeling. The natives believe that both Kamehameha and Lunalilo were prayed to death, and they believe that tbe same fate is in store for KaUkaua.

The King has adopted a conciliatory policy; be walks the streets plain and unpretentious, and talks to the children as if he were their loving fathers. At his palace the King is as plain and simple as in bis walks, and is polite and courteous to every one. But tbe natives are prejudiced, and tbey are bound to pray him to death. In this they are supported by certain omens; one of the island chiefs is now bleeding from one of his legs, and this prognosticates certain death to one of high rank. The black pig and white chicken oracle," whatever that may be, points with unerring certainty to the decease of Kalakaua.

As to the King, be is a rationalist of the Dtrwin-Huxley-Tyndal school, and tbe natives might aj well attempt to pray to death the man in the moon. A vebv wicked sell was perpetrated on the good people of Dubuque on Monday night. It seems that a cute, sleek chap arrived in that city a few days before, gave out that he was the brother of Mark Twain, and advertised a lecture to be delivered on Monday evening by that great humorist Bills and advertisements were printed, tickets left on sale at the book and drug stores, and everythistg passed along very much in the usual way. "Young Clemens" became quite a lion, ran up bills at various generally made himself quite "numerous." Some -00 or 300 persons invested their regular seventy-five cents a-piece in the lecture, and duly assembled to hear it. Of course the lecturer was rath'er in making his appearance, and presently there was the usual slam ping and calling to bring him out.

Iiut he didn't come. The audience waited till long after the time at which Mark should have been telling his frog story when it finally penetrated somebody's cranium that there might be a "sell" in the case. Investigation developed the fact that "Mark Twain's brother" was nowhere to be found! He had taken the money for the last person who entered the lecture-room and hen crossed over to the other side of Jordan." Landing at Dunlcith, he took a freight train for the East But the jolly Dubuquers well, they were just the most incensed set of people who ever fretted and chafed because the jurisdiction of their Dogberry? didn't extend into a neighboring State! Two or three of the humbugged, however, started in pursuit of Young Clemens," whom they finally overhauled and arrested. After a great deal of diplomacy, he finally consented to go back to the city of George W. Jones and Dennis Mahonev.

He was guarded over night and the next day arraigned before one of the 'Squires. After a somewhat minute investigation, the 'Squire is reported to have released him, on the ground that the State failed to show that he was not Mark Twain's brother! After this sage the city resumed its equanimity, and the Jeremy Diddler went on his way rejoicing. Thcri is a fair chance now of writing being done away altogether. An instrument baa been invented by one James Densraore, of New York, called the Type Writer." It is about tbe size of the sewing machine, and is worked like a piano. The keys are in four "banks" or rows, twelve to fourteen inches in length, to that the key-board is about fifteen inches wide, and the process of writing is to sit before the instrument and manipulate the keys.

When tbe key is struck the type is thrown up, and will not fall until the finger is removed from the key. The types are engraved on the ends of a series of steel bars, pivoted on a circle, so that they may vibrate on the pivots and all strike at the same point Directly over the point where tbe types all strike an inking ribbon is drawn, so that every type will strike it before it can strike anything else, and is made to move so as to touch every time in a fresh place. Directly over this inking ribbon the paper carriage is made to move from right to left and the paper is arranged to go under a cylinder or roller, which acts as a platen, so that every time a key is struck, a type is thrown up against the inking ribbon, carrying the ribbon with it against the cylindrical platen, and there it leaves its impression. The remaining machinery is very ingenious. The speed is said to be three times that of tbe pen, and the force required very small.

An expert may write sixty-five word a minute. The machine has forty-four characters. Such is the type-writing machine. All we now want it a spelling machine and a patent brain-worker, through which a man may hatch machine poetry, and the tummit of human ambition will have been attained. Tbb Ratcliffe Creche, or cradle school, founded in London about three years ago by Mrs.

Hilton, has proved one of the greatest boons to their poor women who loll about with children in their arms, and to the children themselves. In a tenet of larger nurseries there are teen a variety of cots, kept with the very perfection of neatness. On each cot there is an in scription, and bits of evergreens. Here and there the children lie asleep, or play themselves, and in front of a weU-TaUed-ut fire place a young girl sits with aa infant on each knee. On another floor there is a Irg room furnished with little arm -chair, arranged to that the little ones cannot fall out Some twenty children from 13 months to 2 years are there to be teen neat, clean, and happy looking.

On certain day lessons are given on the Kindergarten principle, and. the children are free and unrestrained. When a child admitted, it Is carefully examined for cutaneous or other disease. At first a charge wac made of one penny a day, which was subsequently raised to two pence. Mrs.

Hilton's idea is to help tbe women to that they may be taught to belp themselves. Some of the children have fanciful names, such as Little Old Lady," Rosie," "Ladybird," "Water- cresses," and Bennie." Their pictures, which are given in tbe Sunday Magazine, represent some very pleasant faces. Tbe estimated yearly cost of one child at the creche is 6. Mrs. Hilton has been rewarded in seeing her efforts turn out a great succeat.

It is a true mission work and deserves imitation the, world over. A lcdicrocs incident occurred last Sunday in one of the San Francisco churches. The opening hvma had been sung, the voluntary finUbed, and the minister fairly launched on the sermon. The organist rose with the proud consciousness of having performed his duty well, and, taking a 6caf reverently bowed his head upon the choir rail. From sermon to slumber is but a step, and before he was aware of it the drowsy god bad closed bis eyes, and be was in the land of dreams.

Gently as sleeps the babe upon its mother's breast slumbered the organist, while from the pulpit volleyed and thundered tbe invectives against sin and sinners. The "thirdly" was finished, and tbe "lastly" reached, and still the organist slept. The closing hymn was given out and read, but no sound came from tbe organ, except tbe gentle sighing of the bellow. The good pastor looked appealingly toward the organ-loft and tbe eyes of a majority of the congregation were turned in that direction. The sexton rushed up the stain, and seizing the pedal master by the shoulder, shook bim vindictively.

Tbe somnolent' partially awakened by bumping his bead against a gas burner, rubbed hi eyes, and went to deep again. The situation was becoming unpleasant when tbe minister looking preternaturally solemn, "pitched tbe tune," and the congregation fell in one by one. As each one sang in tbe time he deemed fittest the clergyman got through first and finally the others, one by one, finished, except a cracked falsetto that had got lost and was vainly looking for a good place to stop. Disregarding the latter as being beneath notice, tbe minister pronounced the benediction and tbe congregation walked out in silence. A meeting of the trustees has been called to decide whether tbe organist shall be shot or burned.

Thi Oakland (Cal.) tells how a young man did not go to a mask balL This young fellow had a soul above buttons, and he scorned the idea of wearing tbe conventional costume of the bal masque. But what should be wear? His brain seized upon the query, and shortly an idea was evolved; he chose tbe character of a monkey. The eventful evening wa at hand, be went to his hotel and donned his disguise. Being a wealthy young man, or economical, it's all the same, be concluded to walk. His first achievement was to frighten a chambermaid nearly to death, aad in the next hall his appearance gave a small child a fit.

Beaching the street door, he boldly went forth clad in hi snug-fitting suit and playfully swinging bis caudal appendage, but he bad not proceeded far when a little dog ran out and barked at him. This called out another dog, and soon another joined their ranks in the pursuit of the strange smimal. Finally a bull-dog put in an appearance, and then tbe young man and his courage both took flight. The dogs had tbe best of it from tbe outset and tbey soon ran their quarry 'to earth; in other words, tbe monkey man concluded that the better part of tbe valor would be to climb a high board fence. He did that and for two long hours be sat there in tbe cold night be fore be was released from his unpleasant position by people passing within hailing distance.

A btraxgi character lately died in Brooklyn, X. T. For tbe past fifteen years an old man, called, from his retired manner, "The Hermit" has occupied a littlo shanty near DeKalb avenue. He dwelt alone in hi bove.l, and seldom had any visitors; he would, however, converse with persons that came to his door, and those who were able to engage him in conversation were not long in discovering that he was an intelligent man. His name was David Eastern, and his age about 70.

His manners were polished, and much of bis time was devoted to reading the best authors. A strange fact was, that under no circumstance could he be induced to talk of his past life. Two or three days ago it was noticed that there was no smoke coming from the chimney of his bouse, and it was thought that he had gone away. Finally tbe door was forced, and Easton's dead body was discovered lying in one corner of the room, horribly eaten and disfigured by rats. One side of his face was badly torn, and tbe flesh from one hand and arm entirely gone.

Charitable persons have taken the matter in hand, and he will receive a decent burial. Sir Garxzt Joseph Wolselit'b promotion in the British army has been rapid. He entered the Eightieth Regiment on the 12th of March, 1652, became a Lieutenant in May, 1S53, Captao in January, 1S55, Major in March, 1858, Lieutenant Colonel in April, 1859, and Colonel in June, 1865. The last is his real rank, that of Major General being only temporary during his command of the Asbantee expedition. He has served through five campaigns, has re-( ceived five medals and four clasps, and is a K.

C. of St. Michael and St George; a C. a Knight of the Legion of Honor; and possesses the fifth class of Turkish order of the Medjedie. He has been seve ely wounded, and mentioned in dispatches from Birrma, the Crimea, India, and the Red River expedition in 1870.

MosncEixo, Ind-, April 0, 1571. To the Editor of the Inter-Ocean. Sir: I have been an interested reader of the Istei. Oct as for the last four months, and you hive done so much for the people in advocating the right tide of the finance question that I feel as though I ought to take the Ixter-Ociax as long as I can read. The resolution the Agricultural Congress passed a few day since, denouncing expansion, is an insnlt to the producing classes, for certainly it is not their sentiments atalL Give the fiew York Herald a little more of your lightning, for the West has muxele and brain enough to back you, if we are a little short of fund.

Truly yours, G. S. K. Crutojc, Ogle April 22, 1874 To the Editor of the Inter-Ocean. 1 Sin: We find, upon examination of the Postoffire books, that the Ixter-Oceas is tliyh'Jy ahead as regard the number of subscribers at this office.

Below is the list: Pott and Mail, Evening Journal, Tribune, Timet, Ixter-Ocea, 75. Yours truly, R. A son of the Duke of Argyle is about to marry Mis Milne, the daughter of a self-made manufacturer. We fear the connection will prove a mill on the floss" for the aristocratic and royally-connected brother Lorne. Thi sayings of President Lincoln have been privately printed by the Society of Gentlemen of London.

They have been eagerly taken up, aad copies old at fifteen guinea ($75) each a week after publication. Thr Very Rev. Principal Tulloch, of St Andrew's University, Scotland, a distinguished scholar, aad the author of several learned and controversial works, arrived in New York by the Russia last week. Horacx Grxslit'b estate, it ia said. Will realize Ko wonder the lunatic are pouring in their offer of marriage upon Miss Ida.

They are not ao mad at might be supposed. Taxas is to be a mule and donkey ihow at the Crystal Palace, London, and the English papers say that tome of the entries) will walk oa two legs, and tome oa four..

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Pages Available:
209,258
Years Available:
1872-1914