Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois on April 30, 1893 · 34
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Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois · 34

Chicago, Illinois
Issue Date:
Sunday, April 30, 1893
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34 THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE: SUNDAY, APRlt 30, 1893 FORTY-EIGHT PAGES WITH ART SUPPLEMENT. for the viBitojs to the World's Fair. To them have been assigned all ths space iu the southern section of the building, the four sections at the western end of the main building:, the annex, and a great portion of the balcony space. In addition to this the boiler plant, the greatest ever installed in any building, is the exhibit of an Ainericar irm. This is in an annex adjoining the ma; - building on the south. Both as exhibits and as part if the equipment of Machinery Hall the three traveling cranes will be objects of great interest to visitors. Huge tracks, elevated to a height equitl with the balcony, run along each of the three main aisles from the east to the west end of the building. These cranes are of different makes, but they are all operated by electricity, the power being taken from the electrical plant in the bunding. They are ued for the installing and moving of the heavy machinery exhibits and their use hns expedited the installation' considerably. In fact, but for them the building would not be in shape for the reception ot visitors for a full month yet. They ere run with the average speed o a North Side street-CHr and pick up huge pieces of machinery- up to a .weight of fifteen tons and carry the in to any part of the buiidine desired. There is a lateral motion as well, which enables tne placing of exhibits within ten feet of the space to be occupied. Af w r the exhibits are all in place and there is no further use for the cranes for that prosaic work they are to have attached to .them a Bort of passenger car, and visitors will be taken on them and carried back and forth from one end f the ioutt building to the other. The total length of Machinery Hall and the annex is 1,400 feet, and visitors may watch the machinery in motion for a distance of a third of a mile, nd do so with as much comfort to themselves as they would watch the spectacular show in a down-town theater. May Study Electricity There. The growth of the electrical industry will be fittingly represented in Machinery Hall in addition to tne great display which . fills the 'Electricity Building to overflowing. The Westinghouse plant, which supplies the incan- descent lights throughout the entire World's Fair grounds, will have its power generated in Machinery Hall. Westinghouse has built in his shops at Allegheny, Pa., the largest dynamos ever constructed. Two of these are run by the great Allis-Corliss engine, which develops 2,500 horse-power, though it will only be run up to 2,0U). The two dynamos are to i be run " tandem " by this engine. They are put on a line with the fly wheel and the two belts run together, one over the other, and the same speed is given to each of the dynamos, The capacity for each dynamo is 15,000 lights each of l&-eandle power, but they will only be made to develop 10,000 lights each. There are fourteen dynamos in the entire plant, eight belt-driven and six in direct connection with the engines. This plan, which has been in operation only a short time, does away with the loss of power occasioned by the friction of the belts. There has been built against the south wall of Machinery Hall as a part of the Westinghouse display the largest and finest electrical switchboard sver constructed. It is to be equally for display and for use. All of the wires which feea tne immense electrical system of the prounds onsinate there. It is of marble, with nickel slide bars, and all of the latest improved devices for measuring, resistance and currents. The fourteen dyna-rms are connected with the switchboard, which id divided up into forty - circuits and it is so arranged that any dynamo can be turned on to "buy circuit or on all the dynamos on one circuit. It is some distance above the floor and is reached by a winding bronze stairway. All the woodwork about it is in natural colors. Boiler Plant Interesting, The boiler plant will be another! interesting feature of the Exposition. The plant contains fifty boilers, all of large size, and especially constructed for that service. They are arranged in a long tier in the sheet-iron annex adjoining the building on the south, and , it will ue the aim cf the chief ot that department to keep the boiler-room so clean that a woman may go in dressed in light summer fabric and do it with as little fear of soot and smoke as she would have in her boudcir. Anthracite coal will be used exclusively and the Society for the Prevention of Smoke rill not need an inspector about the premises. The floor space in front of the boilers has been bricked and it will be scrubbed as often as there is occasion for it. Ventilators have been put in to keep the air always pure and cool , and the firemen will wear a distinctive uni-" ' form which, while not of white duck, will be neat loosing ana always clean. - - Connecting the boilers with the ensines and other machinery in the mam building are huge steam pipes, asbestos covered, and opened and closed by valves which are reached from the balcony overlooking the boiler plant. Power is to be furnished exhibiters gratuitously up to a certain amount, after which a moderate charge is to be made. Half way between each aisle shafting is run at an elevation of fifteen feet ana belts from these will connect with the machinery of that exhibiters. The shaft. mg is divided into sections, each run by a separate engine, so that in the event of any accident to the machinery it will necessitate the stopping of only a small portion while repairs are being made. The system is so arranged also that there are spare engines and power can oe cnangea irom one to tne other. All Sorts of Machines. The visitor may see the applied sciences of chine known to civilization is there, many of tnem oi a cnaracter unknown to the ordinary man outside the realm of mechanics. There is one sign np over a booth in Machinery Hall announcing that there is to be displayed there a hnttnn hritA TnanfiinA r1Kia will m. . portunity for the fanny man to suggest to his companions that they buy a stock of button holes ana take them home for future use. Silk-weaving machines occupy considerable apace in the building and they will be kept run-ning.turningout various fanciful designs commemorative of the Exposition, such as the landing of C lumbus and the other scenes depicted on the Columbian postage stamps, along with pictures of Director-General Davis, Presidents Palmer and Higmbotham and the flowing side whiskers ot the Chief of the Department of Publicity and Promotion. The exhibit of printing presses is to be a large one. ranging from the perfecting press of a morning newspaper, with a capacity of 50,000 papers printed, pasted, cut, and folded in an hour, to the country press which is lun by hand and fed by the "devil" of the tflice. Every large printing press manufacturer in the country has made an exhibit of his latest improved presses. These will be in actual operation during the Fair. In the way of forcings and castings the exhibit will be particularly complete. Some of the brass valves and tubings show clever workmanship and are polished to a degree that they resemble mirrors. One firm, which manufactures safety valves for engines, has included in its display a huge valve made of wood and tin and painted to resemble iron, which is titanic in size. It towers above other exhibits in the neighborhood and looks large enough to provide safety for every boiler on the grounds. Grouping: of Exhibits. The exhibits in Machinery Hall are divided into eleven general graupa and these are in turn divided into a total of eighty-six classes, each of which contains machinery of a certain character for the performance of similar work. One class may contain machinery for half a dozen different labors but of a kindred nature. , The first group consists of motors and apparatus for the generation and transmission of power and hydraulic and pneumatic apparatus. This group contains the boilers, water wheels, steam and gas engines, the apparatus for the transmission of power, pumps of all sorts, ice and refrigerating machinery diving aDparatua and others of a kindred nat-lire. The apparatus for fighting fire has a group to itelf and am. ng the exhibits that are to be made, will be the latest improved fire engines Chicago tire Department, hose carts and hose, stand pipes, extension ladders, such as are needed for Chicago's high buddings. The chemical fire extinguishing apparatus will be shown in profusion. The various tools for machinery and the machines for working metals, such as stam hammers, hydraulic forging machines, planing, drilling, wheel cutting, and dividing ma chines have a separate group. .T.he er??p wUi conuuD. many machines that will be of interest to the uninitiated. It incudes all the machines for the manufacture of silk, cotton, woolen, worsted, and linen goods, for the manufacture of rope, and for twine making, for paper making and feltinc for the manufacture of India rubber goods! tapestries, carpets, and . laces, sewing machines, leather-working machines, including those for the manufacture of boots and shoe Sawmill machinery and all the apparatus for wood working will be Bhown from u primitive types down to the modern niiu which turn out hundreds of thousands of fr. of lumber a day. All of the newest machines lor olaning. veneering, and for working geo metrical designs in wood, and for the manufacture of matches, toothpicks, etc., will be shojtn. In the German exhibit -a full set of machinery for the making of matches and match boxes is among the notable exhibits of that department. Printing Presses. To the country visitors particnlary, though all w ill be interested, a point of general interest will be machines belonging to the department of printing. This includes all presses from the newest perfecting to job presses run by foot power, ticket printing, and numbering machines, the new typesetting machines which do the work of many men, and also includes cases of plain and ornamental type, and the various paraphernalia ot a printing office, lithography, zincography, and color printing, with their several branches, have a group to themselves, while still another group embraces the various mechanical processes in use for illustrating newspapers and periodicals. The delicate machinery whi?h turns out the various completed port Iocs of a watch, ma chines for making clocks, watch cases, and jewelry will be shown along with the pin and needle making machines which are said to be so nearly human that they can do almost everything but think. By some strange fate there has been . included in the same group with these delicate machines the apparatus used in steam laundries and those used for the making of capsules and other pharmaceutical products, street rollers, sprinklers, and sweep-era,BSteam gauges, machines for the testing of materials, and all machines used in the various manufacturing industries which are not especially mentioned. Stone sawing ana planing machines. Band blasts, glass grinding machines, brick pottery and artificial atone machines go in the same class with rolling-mills and forges, roll trains, heating apparatus, and machines for the manufacture of nails and horseshoes. ' The last group in the list is that of mills for the preparation of the various cereals, sugar- refining and confectioners' machinery, oil- tnaking machinery, stills, and evaporating machinery for condensing milk. " The Department of Machinery has been somewhat delayed by the lateness of the ar rival of many of the exhibits, said .Lieut. Li. W. Robinson, Chief of the department. 'Then, too. the snow and ice of the winter just ended have injured the building to some extent and added to the delay. We will have exhibits wonderfully well along, however, on opening day, and visitors who have been in the building a few days past will be surprised to see what a change the last days of active work have accomplished. We cannot hope to have everything entirely ready, but we will have so many machines that will bo put in operation by the touch of that historic button that visitors may spend a week with profit and pleasure to themselves in Machinery Hall and still not see all that is to be seen." ELECTRICITY AFFECTS WATER FIFES. Iron and Lead Corroded and Oxidized by the Fluid from a Street Railway. IjOs Angeles Times: ( Ever since the electric railroad went into operation in this city the water company has experienced trouble with its pines where they happened to come beneath the track or close to it. We have in the Times office samples of iron and lead pipe which were recently removed from Wolfskill avenue, near the electric power-house. The iron pipe was about six feet from the track, and the lead, which formed a connection between the main and a service pine, was about fifteen feet from the track. Both had been in the ground only about five months, yet they are corroded and oxidized their entire length and are full of holes. The engineer of the water company states that during, wet weather the pipes seem to be attacked much more vigorously than during the dry season. There is no doubt that this destruction of the pipes is due to electric action. Either the wires beneath the track which bring the return current to the power-house fail to carry it all, and a portion of the flow passes into the earth and thence into the pipes, or the natural earth currents are set in motion by induction and thus accomplish the mischief. The oxidation of the iron is an electrolytic process which is helped along by the presence of moisture in the earth, and hence the greater injury during wet weather. It is found that the brass connections on the lead pipe are at- tacsea in tne same way, ana tne brass is eaten off exactly as we find a copper slug eaten in an electric battery. -This becomes a verv interesting Question. and a very practical one also, inasmuch as the same difficulty must be experienced all over tne country wherever there are electric railroads and water, and gas systems traversing the same streets. In talking with an expert electrician on the subject the other day, be suggested that the difficulty might be obviated by making a direct wire connection between and pipes and the return current to the power house. He thought that if a metal conductor were supplied, the current, instead of breaking into the pipes, so to speak, and breaking out again, would simply run along them and make an easy exit by the conductor and very little electrolytic action would result. The experiment is worth trying. The water company, after relaying one section of pipe four or live times, adopted the expedient of laying it in a box of sawdust. This would undoubtedly act as an insulation as long as the sawdust remains dry. But when it becomes soaked it will be about as good a conductor as the earth. A thorough insulation of the pipe with hard rubber would probably be better. The general introduction of electricity for industrial purposes leads to many interesting problems like that above stated, and their solution is to be found only by careful experimentation. DIVERSION IN PLENTY, NO LACK 01 AMUSEMENT TOS WOELD'S FAIR VISITORS. Professional Mistakes. Some years ago a prisoner was being tried for murder by poison in Baltimore, when the following passage at arms occurred between a lawyer and a physician who had been called to give expert testimony. The lawyer asked: "Doctors sometimes make mistakes, don't they?" The same as lawyers," was the ready reply. But doctors' mi-takes are buried six feet under ground," added the lawyer. Yes." said the doctor, "and lawyers' mistakes sometimes swing six feet in the air." Phiiadeinh o Pregs. In Addition to the Exposition Itself There Will Be Nineteen Theaters, Four Music Halls, and Other Attractions Running; Every Night Tragedy, Drama, Comedy, Spectacle, Opera, and "Vaudeville to Choose from What the Managers Have Planned for the Summer. ' There will be nineteen regularly organized theaters in Chicago running during the entire period of the Wor d's Fair. In addition to these regular places of dramatic interest there-will be four first-class music halls, not offering regular attractions but available at all times for recitals, concerts, or elocutionary entertaiD meats. This list of recognized places of amus?ment may be, increased almost indefinitely by the numbers of v cycloramas, second-class concert halls, amphitheaters and curio halls, some long established in Chicago and others merely temporary ventured called into being by the World's Fair. These numerous places of amusement will be prominent factors in furnishing diversion and interest to the thousands who will visit Chieago within the next six months. The various managers have been making careful preparations for their World's Fair seasons for the last two years.and it is safe to Bay that never before in history has a single city contained so many imposing spectacles and able end artistic dramatic and operatic productions as Chicago is preparing to present at its theatres. Among the engagements will be included the greatest artists in music and the drama from European nations and America, who will present the most important productions of the prominent theaters of the world during the last decade. ' All the engagements of these artists and the productions of plays will be the result of private enterprise and entirely independent of the Exposition, Music has been made a feature of the Fair to the exclusion of its sister art, the drama. From the time of Aristophanes the drama has been the Cinderella of the arts, and it has patiently waited in the ashes for the Prince to take it to the ball to which its more fortunate sisters, poetry, music, painting, and sculpture, have always been welcome. The World's Fair was its golden opportunity, but it is to be again doomed to disappointment. Without System. The exhibit which the combined theaters will make will be desultory and without system, the principal object being individual gain. The main criticism which can be passed upon it is that there will be but iittle representation ol indigenous dramatic art. T"ie productions will be sreat in interest, but they will spring largely from foreign authors. The Columbia Theater will begin a preliminary season of two weeks tomorrow evening in which Mr. Edward H. Sothern will present Marguerite Herrington's play Capt. Let-tarblair." Following it. May 21. the" Lillian Russell Opera Cmuique company, reinforced with a ballet of 100 dancers, will begin an engagement of sixteen weeks, during which a new opera will De elaborately produced every month. Among the productions will be La Cieale," The Mountebanks," Girofle-Gi-rofla," "Incognito," and " L'Amico Fritz." Daniel Frohrnan's New Y-rk Lyceum Stock company will have the theater for four weeks, beginning Sept. 4, and will revive its past successes, including The Charity Bali" "The Wife," "The Gray Mare," "Americans Abroad," and other plays. A new play by Sims and Raleigh will probably be given an initial production. Oct. 2 the greotest dramatic engagement at the theater will begin with the appearance of Henry Irving and Ellen Terry and the company of the London Lyceum. The engagement will be for five weeks, during which elaborate productions of Lord Tennyson's " Becket " and Shakspeare's King Lear " will be made, together with the other productions at the Lyceum within the last year Hooley's season will open next Tuesday evening with a preliminary engagement of t"vo weeks in which Miss Fanny Davenport will appear in Sardou's " Cleopatra." Augustin Daly's New York Stock company will inaugurate the regular Benson May 15 with a three weeks' engagement, during which all its successes of the last season will be offered. The list will be as follows: First week. May 15 to 20 Monday and Tuesday evenings and Wednesday nixtinee, "The Last Word"; Wednesday and Thursday evenings, The Beile's Stratagem" and "Loan of a Lover"; Friday and Saturday evenings and Saturday matinee, "The Hunchback." Second week. May 22 to 27 "Twelfth Night." Third week. May 29 to June 3 Monday and Tuesday evening and Wednesday matinee. "Love in Tandem"; Wednesday evening and balance of the week, "Dollars and Sense." Plays and Players. June 5 Mr. E. S. Willard will commence a nine weeks' engagement in "Mohamet," " The Professor's Love story," "The Middleman." Probably another new play will be given. Nat C Goodwin comes for four weeks, opening Aug. 6. in Augustin Thomas' new play "In Missou'i." Henry Guy Carleton's "A Gilded Fool " will be given, and perhaps James M. Barrie's play " Walker, London." Following him, Mr. E. S. Willard returns Sept. 4 for four weeks' stay. Oct. 2, M. Coquelin and Jane Hading, supported by their celebrated Paris company, will play a four weeks' engagement. , The Grand Opera-House has adopted the policy of continuing one engagement throughout the Fair. It will' be played by Sol Smith Russell and his company and will be varied by the presentation of "Peaceful Valley" and "A Poor Relation," both by Charles Kidder, a new play by Clyde Fitch, and probably a number of other productions the names of which have not yet been announced. At he Auditorium Imre Kiraify's gorgeous spectacle of "America" will continue until Oct. 2, when it will be followed by a five weeks' season of Italian opera directed by Abbey and Grau, in which the De Reszke brothers, Lassalle, Mesdames Eames, Calva, Nordica, Scalehi, and other eminent artists will appear. Miss Marie' Tempest in "The Fencing Master will continue at the Chicago Opera House until May 21, when the regular summer season of the America Extravaganza company will begin and ' continue six months. Elaborate productions of "AliBaba" and . Sinbad," under the direction of Manager David Henderson, will be given. McVicker's Theater will continue to offer Mr. Eugene Tompkins' revival of the "Black Crook" until July 1. Following it Denman Thompson will come to the theater in a new production of Old Homestead," which will continue steadily until Sept. 23. Then William H. Crane will appear in Martha Morton's comedy, " Brother John," and in his old success, The 8 nator.". The Schiller will present more plays daring the summer than any other centrally located theater. The season opens tomorrow night with two weeks of " The Crust of Society," played by John Stetson's original company. May 8 the Coghlans appear two weeks in " Diplomacy," "Money' and "Peg Wolfing, ton." The engagement of Charles Froh-mans comedians opens May' 22 and will continue for two weeks, the time being divided between "Sportsman " and " The Arabian Nights." The principal engagement of the summer will begin May 22, when Charles Frohrnan's stock company from the New York Empire Theater opens in Belasco and Fyles American drama, "The Girl I left Behind Me." The length of the engagement is indefinite, and it is probable that before it closes "Men and Women " and "The Lost Paradise "will be revived and a new play produced. Felix Morris ana his new company will open Oct. 2 for two weeks in a repertory of new plays. Two weeks, beginning Oct. 16, are yet to be filled, and Oct. 80 the season will close with a production of "Lady Windemere's Fan." At Other Theaters.. At the Hay market James J. Corbett is under contract to appear sixteen weeks in "Gentleman Jack," Evans and Hoey in A Parlor Match," and Litt and Davis companies in "The Ensign" and "YonYonsoa" will complete the season. Haven's attractions are as follows: May 1 for one week. Dr. Carver in " rhe Scout ''; May 8 for one week, M. B. Leav-itt's consolidated companies in "The Spider and the Fly"; May 15 for one week, Jeffrey Lewis in repertoire; May 22 for one week. Miss Ada Gray in " New East Lynne": May 29 for one week, Joseph Hawortn in "The Froth of Society." Beginning May 5 for three weeks, Trewey supported by an European company will present "Iota"; the Boston Howard Athenaeum Specialty company will remain four weeks, beginning June 28. ia its specialty bilL About Aug. 1 Theodore Havemeyer Northrup's new comic opera " Kristopher Kolumbus Jr." will be put on for an indefinite run. The Alhambra will present the Eimb&ll Opera Comique and Vaudeville company, headed by t.'orinne, in a production of " Arcadia " and perhaps other pieces. The Clark Street Theater will .be occupied by a special vaudeville company from Ton y Pastor's New York Theater. It will remain during the Fair. Col. J. H. Haverly's united minstrels will .continue to give minstrel performances at the Casino without interruption. The burlesque, "Old Age and Youth," will remain on the stage of the Madison Street Opera-House all summer. Vaudeville and variety performances will be found at the People's, Park, and Freiberg's theaters. The Criterion, Lyceum, and Academy of Music will all offer various bills. Central Music Hall, Auditorium Recital Hall, Kimball Hall, and Chickering Hall will be the scene of concerts and kindred entertainments from time to time. The Trocadero, in Battery "D," 'will be conducted as a first-class concert and refreshment hall. . WHY PAEI3 WOMES ABE FASCINATING. A French Traveling Man Says It Is by a . Miracle of Instinct. The representative of a Pans Bilk house was telling a little party of friends at the Auditorium, one day last week, how the Parisian woman manages to render herself fascinating in spite of natural disadvantages. " An Englishwoman1 is beautiful by nature o not beautiful," aaid he. " " A Parisienne can rarely compete with the beautiful Englishwoman in features or in complexion and purity of skin, but sho exerts such an effort of will in making herself fascinating that she often surpasses her rival ia spite of natural disadvantages. Take Rachel, for instance. Nature crave her a thin face with a large and prominent forehead, deep set eyes, a sunken mouth, a pointed chin, a scraggy body, and lean arms. Out of these natural materials the little Jewess, by dint of genius, will, passion, love, and gold spent cn beautiful objects, made the Rachel that menwill ever remember a woman of Corinth or of Syracuse, with the caressing gesture of a statue by Coysevax. trie intensity of a water-color by Gavarni, life that always caught and reflected its light, and in bis somber eyes the subtle flames of intelligence. "In the Parisienne. from the shop-girl to the grand dame, thera seems to be an innate cult of her person, a respect of her fldsh, a pride ia her silhouette and bearing, and, withal, a constant eff rt to refashion and remake hereelf in accordance with a marvelous ideal of beauty, grace, elegance, and youth; to take from antiquity, from the E ist, from all ages, and all countries, that which has c n-Btituied their peculiar elegance and then to reduce those elements of elegance to the Parisian formula. " Every Parisienne is a living work of art, the product of a mysterious collaboration of surrounding influences, some stored in the galleries of the Louvre Museum, others acting and living in the sculptors, the painters, the poets, ihe Aspasias, and the Phrynes of the day, and in the development of that i-e-fined and unmoral institution which is the privilege of the Latins. The creation of a Parisienne is a miracle of instinct. There is no other explanation." A FEW DARED. TOILED, AND SUFFERED. MYRIADS ENJOY THE FRUITS. TO THE BOLD MEN, THEIR NAMES REMEMBERED OR FORGOTTEN, WHO FIRST EXPLORED THROUGH PERILS MANIFOLD THE SHORES, LAKES, RIVERS, MOUNTAINS, VALLEYS, AND PLAINS OF THIS NEW WORLD. o OF MANY RACES, TONGUES, CREEDS, AND AIMS, BUT ALL HEROES OF DISCOVERY. TO THE BRAVE SETTLERS WHO LEVELED FORESTS, CLEANED FIELDS, MADE PATHS BY LAND AND WATER; AND PLANTED COMMONWEALTHS. THE WILDERNESS AND THE SOLITARY PLACE SHALL BE GLAD FOR THEM. O TO THE BRAVE WOMEN WHO IN SOLITUDE AMID STRANGE DANGERS AND HEAVY TOIL REARED FAMILIES AND . MADE HOMES. CIVIL LIBERTY THE MEANS OF BUILDING UP PERSONAL AND NATIONAL CHARACTER TO TEE PIONEERS CF CIVIL AND RELIGIOUS LIBERTY, BUT BOLDER THEY WHO FIRST OFF-CAST THEIR ItfOORINGS FROM THE HABITABLE PAST, AND VENTURED CH ARTLESS ON THE SEA OF STORM-ENGENDERING LIBERTY. o TOLERATION IN RELIGION THE BEST FRUIT OF THE LAST FOUR CENTURIES. I FREEDOM DWELL WITH KNOWLEDGE: I ABIDE WITH MEN BY CULTURE TRAINED AND FORTIFIED. CONSCIENCE MY SCEPTER IS AND LAW MY SWORD. YE SHALL KNOW THE TRUTH AND THE TRUTH SHALL MAKE YOU FREE. O WE HERE HIGHLY RESOLVE THAT GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE, BY THE PEOPLE, FOR THE PEOPLE SHALL NOT PERISH FROM THE EARTH. President Charles V. Eliot of Harvard University has written twelve inscription for the Water Gate at Jackson Park and m the sentences from his thoughtful brain is set forth all that the Great Expositi n is built to symbolize. President Eliot is a busy man with his books and blg schoolhouse, but when three months ago he was asked to write the inscriptions he cheerfully turned from his other duties and wrote words which Artist Millet thinks in their beauty and strength constitute a notable featur- of the Fair. Yesterday workmen began mounting the letters. ' The Water Gate is the grand water entrance from the lake to the Fair at the head of the broad basin in front of the Ad-m.mstratton Building It is the beautiful arch in the center of the peristyle and over which stands French & Potter's colossal quadnga. On the lake side of thepte will be placed six inscriptions, which bear upon navigators and discoverers. On the land side will be placed the other six, which breathe of the triumphs of civilization. - - - coverers Vn tne iana . j j- . . . r . SHOWS MANY CUSTOMS ETHNOLOGICAL AND AECH2B0L0G-' IOAL DISPLAY EXCELLENT. Tbe Exhibit Backward, bat Fall of PromiseNow Being Installed In Its Special Bailding All Early Plans Outgrown The Officers In Charge of the Work-Many Nations Send Articles Illustrative of Human Life Past and Present Out-. door Exhibit Arranged For. Among all the departments of the Exposi tion that which is furthest from- eouphtion is the Department of Ethnology and Archaeology, now being housed ia tne gre it Anthropological Building. Yet its backward nesa is by no one charged against its chief. Prof. F. VV. Putnam. Originally it was intended to give etnnology a corner of the Manufactures Building, but it Bpeedily grew beyond the bounds first set for it and the directors undertook last December to provide it with a special building, which is located near the south east corner of the park, directly west of the Forestry Building. It is 415x225 feet in size and attempts no excessive adornment. Prof. Peabody, who was made chief of the department in February, 1891, is professor of American Archaeology and Ethnology in Harvard University and has been for years curator of the Peabody Jfluseum at Cambridge. He was a student of Agassiz, Wyman, and Gray, and has devoted his life to science, having directed numerous expeditions in North and South America and carried on extensive field work in archaeology for more" than a quarter of a century- He is President of the American Folk .Lore Society, and is a member of all the leading scientific societies of this country and of Europe. Prof, peabody's chief assistant m the department is Dr. Franz Boas. The psychological section is in charge of Prof. Joseph Jast-row j neurological section, Dr. H. H. Donaldson ; religions, garnet, and folk lore, Stewart Culin ; South American archaeology, George A. Dorsey. The secretary of the department is Miss F. H. Mead. A visitor entering the building from the main northern door will meet first the collection illustrative of North American ethnology, made up of various State exhibits, the department exhibit, and some private collections. This section includes costumes, utensils, implements of war and peace, and ornaments of the various , Indian tribes. Just across the aisle is an exhibit from British Columbia. In it is a model village of Skidegate. with its ornate totem pole, and, besides, many curious specimens, making an object history of the archaeology of Canada. This ai-tle leads into the central group in the main hall, in the beginning of which is a display, representing ancient Greek art and life, and chronologically arranged. The Government of Greece has made this exhibit. Immediately adjoining it is the section given to Roman, Assyrian, and Egyptian archaeology, and beyond this Russia has filled 1,000 square feet of soace with a rather complete exhibition of the costumes and customs of the Slavic races. Pacific Islands Represented. Under the west gallery at the north end New South Wales and the Pacific Islands are making what Prof. Putnam considers a valuable show, and Spain follows, occupying 10,-000 square feet for itself and its colonies in Spanish America. Some of the rarest objects from the Madrid Exposition are there being unpacked. Small collections are being unpacked in the same section from J apan, Palestine, British Guiana, Africa, the West Indies, Brnzil. Argentine Republic, and Paraguay. The Mexican exhibit is next adjoining this group, and then follows an elaborate exhibit from Central America. In it is the Chxrney collection, furnished by France, the Maud-slay collection of enlarged photographs, and a part of the Peabody Museum exhibit from Honduras. Finally at the south end of the main floor there is an extensive exhibit of games, idols, amulets, charms, and ceremonial objects. This folk lore division gives greatest attention to gamss and the evolution of modern amusements from those of barbarous races. The earliest of the dice games shown are the classical astragali, followed by the kab. and evolving directly into the modern dice and dominoes. Much space is also given to the development of playing cards, and some leading American makers of parlor games have placed their entire series in the collection. The entire south gallery has been given up to an exhibit of stuifed birds and mammals, birds' eggs, shells, insect9, fossils, and a general exhibit of taxidermy placed, there. by Ward's natural history establishment of Rochester, N. Y. On the east side of the gallery New York has made a display of native mammals and land and fri'sh water shells ; Pennsylvania and Missouri have sent creditable bird collections, and Maine and North Dakota are exhibiting mammals. At the north end of the gallery visitors will be attracted by the joint laboratories of physiology, anthropology, psychology, and neurology, and on the west side collectors will delight m the display of postage stamps and coins which abuts a curious group of old-time firearms, old flintlocks, and historic weapons. But the DeDartment of Ethnology is by no means confined within the Anthropological Building. Perhaps the mostun que, certainly the most vivid, portion of its exhibit is being located out of doors on the open plat of ground adjoining the building and bordering on the south pond. This ground is 1,000x200 feet in size, and will contain a great variety of Indians, living in native huts and wuzwams, making pottery, or engaged in weaving, basket-making, and such occupations. Sixteen Indians from Vancouver's Island have erected two large wooden houses with carved Totem poles thirty to forty feet high, and are already dwelling there. The Six Nations of the Iroquois Indiana in New York, including the Senecaa, Mohawks, Onei-das, Cayugas, Tuscaroras, and Onon-cngas, have sent a number of their people, who are building six bark houses, a council house, and some birch-bark canoes, which will float upon the south pond. Will Live in Skin Tents. An Esquimau family has been imported from the Esquimau village in the Midway Plaisance and will dwell in a tent of 6km, there to illustrate that peculiar phase of anthropology. Near neighbors to the Esqimaux are some representatives from three Indian tribes in the Northwest Canadian territory, living in bark houses, looking into their back yard is a group of wigwams occupied by four families of tha Penobscots of Maine. Under the auspices of the State of Colorado are two small Indian settlements, the Navajos in their ho-gans and the Apaches in their wickyups. Prof. Putnam has secured specimens ot the mat houses, occupied by the Winnebagos, of the sod houses in which the Omahas dwell, and of the buffalo hide tepees of the Sioux. It ia still uncertain whether he will secure ' representatives of these bands, but he is making efforts toward that end. At any rate the exhibit will show their habitations. Some - Flatheads, some Black feet, a pair of Pend de Oreille, a representative of the Nez Perces and , likewise one of the Kootenai Indians will make a part of the out-of-doors ethnological exhibit. These Indians are brought here with the Miles Montana exhibit. Completing the show of American Indians, three tribes in British Guiana have sent representatives, who are building a thatched house on the border of the south pond. Mrs. Emma Patton of Boston has brought three young New England womerfto the Exposition, and is building a colonial log cabin in which these young women, attired in the Puritanic garb of colonial days, will be busied in spinning, weaving, and carding, after the manner of their grandmothers. In the vicinity of the colonial cabin are the ruins of Yucatan, modeled faithfully after the original by Consul Thompson of Me rid a, and showing tbe strange carvings and peculiar architecture of that country. The only thing wanting to the ruins are the troD'cal plants and vines running rampant over the chaotic mass. These plants Mr. Thompson has al-already forwarded, and they will soon be planted about the base of the rums. Elsewhere oa, the grounds and in various other buildings will be seen scattered and chance illustrations of anthropology. They will furnish side lights on the great subject which Prof. Putnam has presented iu a clearly scientific and logical unity in its especiai building. The Midway Plaisance, for instaace, or the cliff dwellers' exhibit, will be a, lesson in ethnology no less than the grewaoirte group of 100 Peruvian mummies in tha- Anthropological Building. . The contractors are just finishing the structure, and a large force of experts is engaged nnw in rtlarnncr the vorinn. AvhiKifa in thai. 1 Be vera! sections, For, weeks theso curious specimens of man's work in the past hava been boxed and housed in one of the unused dairy barns near at hand, but that is being speedily emptied of its incongruous contents. Prof. Putnam believes that his department will be complete within a fortnight. IT IS E1CH IN EASE EELICS. Convent of L Rab Id a O ne of the G re atest Attractions of the Fair. Considered as an historic object lesson, a beautiful feature of the fair is the full-sized model of the Convent of La Rabida, near Palos, Spain, in which Columbus was sheltered before his departure for tne West. It contains a lanze number of Columbian relics, which are so valuable and were obtained with such great injunctions of care fron their owners that the building has been placed under the police protection of the United States Government. It is a little south of the big pier and in front of the Agricultural Building. It stands on a peninsula, being placed in a spot a little isolated to escape the dangers of fire. Spanish nobles who loaned the roliea and . the governments to which some of them belonged did not think that the convent could be properly protected by policemen. This was not meant as a reflection upon the Chjpago blue-coata specially, but in the Latin-American countries nothing is thought to be quite as awe-inspiring to lawbreakers as the eight of the military in gold lace. The monastery of La Rabida bed the tame sort of vicissitudes that beset Columbus. It was built, it is believed, to commemorate the virtues of a daughter of the Emperor Trajan, and it was dedicated to Proserpine, a statue in uarble of that goddess wearing a cloak of beaten silver being placed on the altar. When a criminal set foot in tbe temple he was safe from arrest, but he had to fulfill exacting conditions imposed by the priests. On the opening of every year a couple of maidens were sacrificed on the altar. An examination of their entrails revealed to the soothsayers the sort of luck that they thought tbe country would have during the year. It became a Christian church in the year 159 and was occupied by monks. It. was spized by the Visigoths afterward. When the Moslems went to Spain it was converted into a Mohammedan temple. Later they sold it to the Christians, the price being the payment of five pieces of silver each year ' for every communicant. The Knights Templar in the time of the Crusaies used the monastery as a chapter house for twenty-five years. Then it fell into the hands of the monks of "St. Francis d'Assissi, who kept it until -83-. When the order was curtailed in Spain they left it in charge of one monk and one lay brother. It became a resort for beggars, fortune tellers, and gypsies, and a refuge in which shepherds drove their charges on cold nights. In 1851 the Dowager Queen of France visited the monastery and . offered to head a subscription to restore it and the money was obtained. It is now in a good state of preservation. Columbus and his son Diego, 9 years old, worn out with hunger and journeytngs, passed the monastery in 1185. The boy fainted outside the walls and Juan Perez, the prior, gave them shelter. How the great navigator interested the priest in his plans and later on, with his assistance, after much worry and vexation, obtained a backing for his voyage from Queen Isabella is a. matter of well known history. Ever after Columbus had a grateful love fur the old monastery and returned to it as he might to an old homestead for which he had a leaning. In the Monastery of La Rabida are to be found many relics of the time of the navigator. The anchor whieh Columbus lost in the harbor of San Domingo, according to his records, has been recovered, it is alleged, and i3 there. It is a ve y long and lean anchor, of the pattern of the Columbian period, and there is, of course, nothing about it to prove that -it was really his, the place in which it was found being the only proof of authenticity. Columbus founded the City of Isabella, and from there are brought many stones. A stone anchor of the sort used in boats and the bell of a church brought to this continent by Columbus are there, too. His tombstone and the gates around his tomb are seen ia fac-simile. There is tne room in whieh he rested at the invitation of the head of the order. On the upper floors are the cells of the monks, now occupied, -some of them, by the guardsmen. To give them an ancient look sulphur and charcoal have been burned, and the walls and ceiling are begrimed with smoke. In the center of the monastry is the . walled-in court-yard in which the monks sat and rested safe from all intrusion from the outside world. Those who wish to follow the fortunes of Columbus and in a measure put themselves in his place may see a lot of articles bearing on the geographical knowledge that existed in his day and the science of navigation. Maps, charts, and globes, nautical and astronomical instruments, and models o' vessels of the period are there, and the history of the discoveries in America by the Norsemen, Welshmen, and Phoenicians, preceding the era of Columbus. Relics of the Court of Ferdinand and Isabella include portraits, autographs, and other remembrances of the personages who aided Columbus, manuscripts, printed volumes, charts, maps, armor, and weapons of the times, and oil paintings ofkPedro Gonzalez de Mendoza, Graud Cardinal of Spain, who introduced Columbus to the King, and of Juan Perez de Marchena. prior to the Convent of Santa .Maria de la Rabida, who did so much to help the sailor, are hung upon the walls. A model of the house in which it is said Columbus was born, and portraits of Columbus, the authenticity of which is not guaranteed, are exhibited. An assortment of articles used by Columbus for barter with the natives such as beads, coins, metals, knives, cloths, mirrors, and nails are there to prove that the discoverer was something of a trader, too. Models of the fligship and the caravels in which he made his voynge are shown, and pictures represent his receotion at the Spanish Court on the return of his first voyage and the scene when he showed the courtiers how easy it was to make ' an egg stand on end or discover America when he had 6hown them the way. In the same way Columbus is represented returning from his third voyage in tbe fetters which he said he would preserve as relics and memorials of the reward of his services. In his old age he is shown broken down in body and almost penniless. There are photographs and models of the house in Val lad olid in which he died, and of the coffin and numerous monuments to his memory. Relics of Columbus and his family consist of armor, equipments, autograph letters, and the early publications relating to him and his work. The will of Queen Isabella in the original ia shown. The Ox Team. I sit upon my ox team, calm. Beneath tbe lazy sky. And crawl contented through the land And let the world go by. The thoughtful ox has learned to wait And nervous impulse smother. And ponder Ion? before he puts . One foot before the other. And men with 'spanking teams pass by And dash noon their way As if it were their hope to find The world's end in a day. And men dash by in palace cars. On me dark frowns they cast, As-the lightning-driven Present frowns Upon the slow old Past. Why do they chase, these men of steam, Their smoke-flags wide unfurled, Palled by the roaring fire fiend .That shakes the reeling worldT -What do ye seek, ye men of steam, So wild and mad you press 1 Is this, is this tbe railroad line That leads to happiness t And when you've swept across the day And dashed across the night Is there some station through the hills Where men can find delight? Ah. toward the Dapot of Content, Where no red signals stream. a go oy ox team just as quick As yon can go by steam. Sam H alter fosa. - i For His Spiritual Good. Mrs. Flgg Lanra. the way yon are treating that infatuated young Mr. Timmins ia positively shameful.' Why don't you give him a definite answer one way or the other? I should hate to think that a daughter of mine should ever be called a coqutte." Laura Really, mamma, it is for his own good. As long as he is in such a state of uncertainty as to where he is at I can get him to go to church with me every Sunday. Indianapolis Journal. - Jio Time to Lose. She " Isn't your determination to get married rather sodden? I didn't know that yon even thought of it." - He I didn't.- But I have Just heard of an excellent cook I can gaL-rBrookiin Life, SUKFEIT OF SPORTS. EVEEY EIND OF PASTIME WILL BE SEEN DURING THE YEAE. The Fair Directors Have Refused to Offi. Cially Recognize Any Form of Sport, bat There Will Be National and International Events Ron Off The I A. W. ' and Amateur Athletic Union Will Hold Their Annual Meets Here Kcing, Football, and Other Kvents. There will be sports of all k inds run off du? Lag the Fair. Aneffortwasmadesometimeago" to have the Board of Directors officially sane tion certain of the sports but the s:;hmi failed, as it was found that every branch of sport would be represented here and that each branch would want ofScial recognition. The directors, seeing no end ia sight, decided to sanction none of the sports to be held. Sept. 14, 15, and 16 at the South Sida. grounds the championship games of. the : Amateur Athletic Union will be held. The first day, Sept. 14, will be devoted to handicap athletic track and field games, the program including 75-yard, 150-yard, 300-yard, 600-yard, 1,000-yard, and 2-mile runs; 100-yard and 200-yard hurdle races ; JX-mile and 2-mUa walks: 5-mile safety bicycle race; running high jump, running broad jump; pole-vault putting 16-pound shot; throwing 16 pound hammer; throwing 56-pound weight; tuj-of. war (teams of four men), weight unlimited aH events handicap except tug-of-war. The prizes for these games will be the regular A. A. U. die medals to first, second, and third m every event, and an emblematic World's Pair souvenir medal to every athlete who compete. The second day, Sept. 15, will be devoted to team contests, such as baseball, lacrogse, foor. ball, cricket, etc. , Invitations are hereby exi tended to the amateur athletic clubs of America, Europe, and Australia, soliciting correspondence and entries of teams for thesa contests. All such correspondence must cluga and entries must be received by the Secretary of the A. A. U. on or before Aug. L ' Wheu the correspondence is closed the program for Sept. 15 will bo arranged for the best interests of such teams as may have entered. Appropriate prizes will be given to eaeh member of each winnmg team in such contests as may be arranged. The third day, Sept. 16, there will be a World's Fair championship amateur athletic track and field meeting, with twenty-two separate competitions as follows: 100-yard, 220-yard, 440-yard, 880-yard, 1-mile, and 6-mile runs: iJO-yard and 220-yard hurdle races ;1-mile and 3-mile walks; 2-mile bicycle race; standing high jump, running high jump; standing broad jump; running broad jamp; running bop, step, and jump; pole vault for height; pole vault for distance; putting l(v pound shot; throwing 16-pound hammer; throwing 56-pound weicht for distance; throwing 56-pound weight for height. The prizes for the third day will be suitable emblems, of a design to be selected by the committee. Two Bicycling; Events. Two great events will plahn the interest of the wheelmen. The Pullman road race will be run May 30 and tbe L. A. V. championship meet will take place Aug. 5 to 12, inclusive. The Pullman race this year will eclipse any cf the races which have been run in past years, and the same may be said of the Lt. A. V, meet. The program for the L. A. W. meet will be arranged May 15, wht-n the committee ia charge, coin posed of Col. C Tt. Burdette of Hartford, Conn., H. E. Raymond of New York, and F. H. Gerrould of Chicago, will meet in this city. . The meet will be held at the South Side ball park, where a third of a mile track, which will be one of the best in the world, is now in the course of construction. The Illinois State championships, the American national championships, and the international championships will be decided during the week. The State championship events will take plaea Monday and Tuesday, the American chain, pionships Wednesday and Thursday, and the international events Friday and Saturday. The championship distances are the quarter, half, and one mile, five miles, and twenty-five miles. It is expected that the list of entries will exceed 2,000. . , The prizes to be competed for will be ths most valuable ever given and will aggregate in value nearly $10,000. They will consist ia World's Fair medals, watches, etc One ol the prizes for the international championship will be a solid silver trophy. Racing men from all parts of the world will compete. Chi-, cago wheelmen are making arrangements to furnish every comfort to visiting cyclists. , Scotch and Canadian Athletics. -Under the auspices of the Chicago Assembly Scotch and Canadian athletes will contest for valuable prizes at the South Side ball park during the entue week beginning July dl. The assembly i3 perfecting arrangement on an unusually large scale and at least $7,000 worth of prizes will be contested for. Ia order to insure success $5,0U) is being spent ia preparation. The games are in charge of A. G. Hodge and a committee composed of Alexander Gordon, George Riddle, J. Sutherland, A. D. Henderson, and E. R. Baker. The pro gram to be followed is now but dimly outlined, except in a general way. On the morning of the first day there will be a parade to the ball park, in which. ' it is expected, all Scotch people and Canadians who are in tha city will take cart In tha afternoon tha games arranged for professional athletes will take place. The events for recognized amateurs will be put on during the second day. The prizes fur these events are valuable. The third day will be given up to football, cricket, and other field sports. The fourth day will be known as Canadian day," aiid lacrosse and other characteristic Canadian sports rill be in the lists. The remaining two days of tbe week will be used for the many events which are expected to be left over. . Entertainments for Evenings. On each night of the week some distinctively Scotch or Canadian entertainment will be provided, such as a "gathering of the clans'? or "pageant of nations" and the drams Rob Roy" The assembly has established headquarters in Room 214 at No. 158 Washing-t n street. It is expected that a majonty of Scotch and Canadian visitors to the Fair will select this week for their visit. There will be a regatta on a grand seals under the auspices of the Chicago navy at Lake Geneva in August and football sua cricket will receive due attention. The football people have not yet fully matured their plaus, but it is certain that there will ha some international matches between Araer-can, English, and Canadian teams, with one poRsibly from New Zealand. The cricketers also expect an English team over. It will be a busy racing season. There'wfll be daily racing at Hawthorne up to June' 24, when Washington Park opens. The South Sida club races twenty-five days, when Hawthorn? will again open its gates unless Garfield Frk secures a license and some amicable arrnnge-ment is made in regard to dividing the dau-s. Se National League of baseball clubs wul . ly its usual quota of games here and there will be from time to time events of imP3T tance in different branches of sport arranaea and run off. - It is very difficult t o convince children that a medicine is "nice to take" this trouble is not experienced in administering Scott's Emulsion of Cod Liver Oil. It is almost as palatable as frt0 No preparation so rs-pidlj builds up good neslv strength and nerve force.. Mothers the world over rety upon it in all wasting diseases, that children are heir to. ' J Preparad hj Seats Bowne. W. T. ATI drag!

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