Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois on May 7, 1884 · 4
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Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois · 4

Chicago, Illinois
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 7, 1884
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Gu. ,,dt 1 '("692ilti,c (Titi IP1 )TA( 1.1 AM USEM EN 'is. 1111r. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. BY MAIII.IN ADVANer POSTAGE PREPAID. Daily irke 1 60441 Ntendal,$) one year i 0.00 l'art of a 'tear (including tfundity) per 1.00 Tuatday. Thursday. and Saturday, per year 5.00 bloutlay, Wednesday, and Friday, per year 5.00 Saturday edition, double aheet. 2.00 Sunday, sixteen to twenty-four pages 2.00 AVeekly Tribune, one year 1.00 PREMIUMS TO AGENTS. For 5 weeklies (one tree to agent) 6.00 k'or (SO sveektie, the daily tree one year. For 15 weeklies, the daily free six nruiths. Ant 13 necktie, the daily free three months. specimen COPtee vent free. Give Post-Office address iu full. including Count at d State. Remittance may be made either by draft. Polo. Unice order. American Express money -order. or in registered letter. at our rota. To tyre SUBSCRIBFRS. Daily, delivered. Sunday excepted. 20 rents per week Daily. delivered. Sunday included. 111 cents per week Address TILE Tn.111UNE CoMPANY. Corner Madison and Dearborn-sts.. Chicago. lit. 5.00 5.00 2.00 2.00 1.00 Enteroal at rir4.-001 Pc1-00,re as stand-class IrovattS..1 Earsta tud Ihrtwal rtr lir,itht. ten. twroae, iul toUrteen pact paner.. 1 rent. Peen. Pitthle011. And (wow, Paca papor 3 cent 'A way -gait) and twatitv- tour page paper 4 ce :4 o,s 1111UUNE OFFICKS. -- 1111 ril1eA00 TittrilUN it has established branch e lices tor the receipt ot subscriptions one advertisetrent as roitows! NKW VOKKROOlus 6:: id 64 Pritrune Buildtmx. J 'F. Mc Yantis's. Ninnager. MILW A Wis.Room 2 New Follansbee rdloposis Ameetny of Music. M. A. ALtittictil. Manager. t.I.AStiOW. Scotland -Allan'S A a:erica New, Acence Itentiont-st. KugAnteriran Exchange. 4142 tttrand. 31 Ea stir y. Giwo. Manager. PARIS. t raneeAmerican Exchange, 25 Itottlevard dscapitcittes. Atiil I NUTON, C.I312 It street. Itoolet,n Theatre. handelph street. eptvielt the new Cmort-itotete. r Mu. tiOed W 1 11 i IL,AJnIer." At terutsvu and swag. Grand Ppora- (Solute. rittrk StreSt. tivar , nobsmum. 31 tne. :Ntodierks. ,A t rtwua. " As You COU." Illyer tyoi 1 bentre. M.yrirmt stret. riear Oesrhocti. The IV Imt Opera ruro Compauy in "Orpheus tool hat 'dive." AlLerLooll and mimic !St eVirker's Theat re. Mad lanli street. attar State. k CtohMSts'S Nurtotrel Cronte'ly Coottipionv. "hoor"th Boorman' I "PI" and "111- ed ism..." A tterria'ono 44d evemnic. Aeademoy or 51 wine. floleted Ittreet.. 'war Mattison. " I ha Stranglers of rains. Afternonn and evening. anoterti Theatre. Corner ile;sted and Jacesvu mullets. George C. 1111u Coif rson Theatre. Corner Di rtqloi. and Igwiik street. George )16titt WI that .-ttaerican IV re Ai usoutact. 1:andolph streeL. weal' Clark. Opel, la at a. at. Chteeitzo ',queens, anti heat re.. One bloviii north of lariE ttoet tannic Aiatinee - Kohl & 1)Ivrie South SitioClark itretit. near Ni.ntsiin. Ve.d Side e Madison treet, near 1131Kted. Loved I ruin 1 10 Wp. :443t ions! l'anrorenta WatootAh avenne and liabloard court. The Mottle ot Cruyatoorti. veto trout to a. tn. Lull to. on. Gatue Uetweett the Chicago and St-Louie Itoservea. WEDNESDAY, MAY 7, 1044. Ov Ert $0,000,000 worth of produce was exported from the United Slates last veek. VEST' i amendment to the Shipping bill. providing for free ships, was defeated in the Senate yesterday. THE Chicago Liquor-Deatemi Association elected John S. Cook President of that body eiterday. it hai a membership of 3.l5. A LIST of the patentA issued to North-'western luventor4 tinting the week ending )esterda; will be coma on another page. rIZOP. SAMUEL D. Cnoss, au eminent phyFican and surgeon of Philadelphia, died in that city yesterday. lie was born at Easton, Pa., in 'stn. Yr.sTEra),tv niorning the propeller AlanSUMlie19 tyifl ift the, ilatbOr at Osweol, N. Y., burned to the watt' s ett4e alai sank. Loss, SIS.000. COL. IIOMAA U. lieNT, who VT; Treas.- trer of the 1Vorldes Exposition or7janization of New Orleans, died in that city yesterday In Ids 70th year. Tu - Illinois Creeribackers will hold a State Convention (for the election of delezates to the National Greerib:a k Com onion) at tpringlield July 23. UNION 'IOngshoretnen loaded boats ftt the ':re dock at Duni yesterday. Italians loaded one of the boats of the Union Steamboat Line. There was no trouble. TUE heir apparent to the throne of Russia 'WM attain his majority the Kltli inst. It Is proposed to celebrate the occasion with Ictes and balls in the principal Russian cities. stove foundries of Troy, N. 'which shut down some days ago on account of a etrike of the mounters employed in them, are resuining work, awl are employing sam-union mounters. -- - - CUM:IAA w-liose brother itssa.sinated Jeme James about two years ago, shot himself through the heart yesterday at his home, beau' Itielimond, MO. Ile had suffered from consumption for a long time. CoNNoht.Y has formally declined tl,e Wile(' of Solicitor of the Treasitry to Ishich lie has been appointed by the l'residnt. The reason assigned is that aeeeptance sottid involve too grrat a pecuniary sacrifice. BlicitArt Davirr announces that he will tot settle permanently in AuNtralia, as reported. Ile will deliver lectures in that conntry alai in New Zealand. and Will return to ilteland by way (A the United States and Canada. TuR mat mauthizele think!, the climax of meanness lias been attained by the Clad1,tone Government in having indtieed Gordon to commit his Khartoum friends to ids soprott, find h ow suggesting Unit be shall attundon them. AT a meetimr of the Snate FitiaiuT Comtaittee yesterday it va4 agreed that the Trade-Dollar bill should be reported advcrely. Senator Sherman will write the r-- port, whiell will be passed upott by the vowleittee next week. Tutt Chicago wheat market advanced three-quarters of a rent yeOcrday..but broke badly gm the news of the New York suspensions, Ny h Induced free sellinu here; it closed two centi below the latetAt pricer; ot Monday. Other article, of produce were quiet and lather early, but weakened, later; Corn and vats closed three-eighths of a cent lower, pork 4 - 10 cents lower, lard five cents lower, and meats firm. l'rovisioni were nomlually dall, and liog-s quotvd stronger. , Tim defeat of the Morrison bill ha' already given the Randall boom an impetui in I'ennsylvania. Democrat; of that State are loudly booming the Philadelphian for President. They talk of Y-oorheeli and Itt)secrans for Vice-President. Tar metubers of the Siamese Embassy, who arrived in New York a few days ago, called on President Arthur at the White House yesterday. They were accompanied by Secretary Frelingbuyseu and others. They were dressed iT cloth of gold. LAST week' 4,712 packages of domestic cottons were exported from Nev York. The total exports for the year thus far have been 62,712 packages, against 57,9613 during the corresponding period of 1ST9, when the exports were the largest previously known. - - A FAINT effort is being made to contradiet the story of the marriage of the Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt, Victoriaqs son-in-law, with 31rne. Kolarnine, the divorced wife of a Russian diplomat. The London Standard says the story Is generally believed in En-giant. Tut Democratic protectionists, now that the lkforrisou bill is disposed of, are advocating the itbolition of the internal-revenue tax on sugar aud tobacco. It is not likely that Mr. llorrison and the other reformers of the 1Vays and Means Committee will aid them Ill this course. THE North German Gazette criticises the action of the United States in formally recognizing the -kfriean Association of the Congo. The Gazette doubts that the aisociation baS any legal corporate existence, and that It has in any way acquired a right to interfere In the Congo region. THE lion. David Littler, a well-known Springfield (Ill.) politician, was married yes-ter at Elkhart, Logan County, to Miss Grace Gillette, daughter ofJohn 11. Gillette, of that phce, and skter of Mrs. Richard J. Oz.leshy. Many prominent men of the State Avert) presea at the ceremony. MtKm WaS,kERMAN, Van Pelt's lieutenant hi the County Board, says it is the intention to appoint additional spies on the Town Assessors at the next meeting. Wasserman says eight votes only will be needed to make the appointments, and Van Pelt and himself a o sure of the eight. CA PT. STEPLIENg, an Irishman expelled from the British army, has received a comnitssitol from the African International Society to elitist 2,000 of the Houassas (an Af rican tribe) for service in the Congo country. Thii is the commission which Gen- Gordon was about to 'undertake when he was induced to go to Khartoum Tim question of surplieed choristers still continues to excite lively discussion among the members of the St. James Episcopal Church. Some of the choristers who have coneluded to leave predict that they will be recalled before the end Of the year. and say that the course of Dr. Vibbert is actuated by a desire for notoriety. 311N-NEArom4 saloonkeepers show a diF4- positkpu to fight the $500 license ordinance in that city. The old licenses expired Monday. Only three licenses were taken out yesterday, Nit fifty saloonkeepers filed bonds preliminary to applying for licenses. The city authorities will give the saloonists four or live days to comply with the law. Forn jurors were secured for the MeKeugue trial yesterday. They are 1N-infant Sweetman, a dealer in oil-cloths residing at New Trier, August Loren; a Twenty-second street saloonkeeper, Charles Emrich. a Madison street hat dealer, and Charles W. Peck, a clerk. A large number of the jurors examined were excused on the usual grounds. AT a meeting 'of the Env lish Missionary Society in London yesterday Canon Hoare made reference to the desertion of Gen. Gordon by the British Government. This was received with tumultuous applause by Canon loare s audience. The 1ncide4 is considered significant jt the feelings of the common people, from whom the audience was mostly drawn. , THE members of the New York Produee Exchange moved into their new building yesterday, which was formally- presented to the President, Mr. Ilerrick, by Mayor Edson. Chauncey M. Depew and Algernon S. Sullivan made addresses on the occasion. The rain and the failure of the 3far1ne Bank had a depressing effect on those concerned in the ceremonies of the occasion. Tim. informer Moran continued his testimony in the case of the Invineibles at Sligo, Ireland, yesterday. Too members, he 'said, undertook for ll,50 apiece and a free passage to some foreign countrylgto murder an obnoxi0114 parish official. An ex-soldier of the British army named Casey was. arrested on the testimony of Moran, who said that Casey JA the drillmaster of the Invineildes. Tun Er burglars entered the house of Mr. J. IL Sontag, at ill Franklin street, early yesterday morning Sontag and his son discovered their presence and prepared to give fight. The burglars, perceiving' this. opened lire. They shot tWObullets into the bedroom of the Sontags and then fled, pursued by the younger gontag, who succeeded, with the aid of Officer Kearney, in eaptnring one or the villains. S -.1PM:M CHICAGO TRIBUNT WEDNESDAY, MAY ,...,. 1:CtotIA no sooner gets a fresh sliee of territory than she proceeds to clinch it. This 1 she is doing with Merv. her representatives ! are already at the Capital of Persia asking I lairmission to run a railroad from the Caspian Sea into that province which will pass directly through her newly-acquired area. I This operation also goes to explain her recent negotiation of a fresh loan of $75,000,000 with the German financiers. lr appears; that Lord Randolph Cimrehill-s withdrawal from the Chairmaliship of the ! Conservative Union Association is due to a quarrel with the Marquis ot Salisbury. who is Chairman of the Central Conservative Com- mittee. Churchill thought 1114 association was supremethat he and his friends could select Parliamentary candidates 'Without con-,,tilting Salisbury's organization. Salisbury ! ohjected, and Churchill's organizarant refused to sustain its President An acrimonious correspondence Las passed between the rival Tory leaders. Tim Marine National Bank of New York closed its doors yesterday, owing to inability to meet its debt of .57i00,000 at the clearing-- house in the morning. The amount of the liabilities has not been delinItly tu.eertainell. t The cause of the failnre i itid tO be the real-estate investments of the President, 3tr. J. Fish. The American people Wilt regret to learn that ex-President Grant and his )otmgest SOU are badly hurt by the failure. The firm of Grant & Ward, in which both are concerned, collapsed yesterday on accoulit of the failure. MAYOR Ilt-Rmsos counts on being a delegate-it-large to the National Democratic Convention. It is understood that his claims to the honor will be disputed by the friends of W. C. Goudy, ex-Seuator Trumbull, J. W. Doane, and Melville W. Fuller. " Col." Joseph Chesterfield Mackin is also mentioned ill connection with the place, but Mr. Mackin, it is believed, would be contented with the honor of " downing" Harrison. If the Mayor does not himself succeed it is believed that he will try to " throw his strength" to Mr. F. IL Winston. Ex-Senator Trumbull is said to be the favorit of the Mackin party. IT is rumored that the Chicago ring Aldermen have perfected a scheme for the creation of a Board of Public Works, consisting of three members, and that an ordinance for that purpose will be introduced next Monday. Some members of the gang complain that Commissioner Cregier does not pay sufficient attention to Aldermanie recommendations, and that no person not backed by the Mayor or Controller Gurney has any 'chance to receive an appointment. They also charge Harrison and Gurney with nepotism. The ringsters think they can muster enough votes to pass the scheme over the Mayor's veto. CHICAGO elevators contained last Saturday evening 8,882,664 bushels of wheat, 5,767,160 bushels of corn, 906,558 bushels of oats, 801,- 419 bushels of rye, and 112,580 bushels of barley. Total, 18,470,3S7 bushels of all kinds of grain, against 14,336,8'22 bushels a year ago. During' last week our stocks decreased 540,123 bushels, of which 318,628 bushels was wheat and 238,102 bushels was corn. For the same date the Secretary of the Chicago Board of. Trade states the visible supply of grain In the United States and Canadas as 23,001,133 bushels of wheat, 11,792,443 bushels of corn, 3,617,740 bushels of oats, 1,360,207 bushels of rye, and 66S,933 bushels of barley. These figures are less than those of a year ago by 1,020,332 In wheat and 1,493,- 210 In corn. ME. ELAINE AND "THE TRIBUNE." The New York Evening Post, finding Itself badly worsted in its controversy with the lion. William Waiter Phelps concerning the old charge a against Mr. Blaine which it revived recently, now reverts to the files of THE TRIBUNE for 1STd and seeks to hold this journal to its utterances of that day concerning the same charges. It la a sufficient answer to all this to say that THE TRIBUNE'S articles concerning the allegation a against Blaine were based on erroneous information and written in a misunderstanding of the facts, which subsequent information corrected, and which Mr. Phelps' lucid statement of the case has dispelled entirely. Tun TRIBUNES comments on men and things are always according to its light, and it has never yet hesitated to retrace steps that were taken in the wrong direction, nor to correet errors committed under misapprehension. One of the best defenses ever nmde against the frequent and usually inconsequential charges of inconsistency was brought forward by Macaulay in his essay on " SirJames Macintosh's History of the Revolution," wherein he illustrates that statesman's position by a simile taken from physics. Macaulay says: A traveler falls in with a berry which he has never before seen. He tastes it and finds it sweet and refreshing. Ile praises it and resolves to introduce it Into his own country. Ent in a few minutes he Is taken violently sick; he is convulsed; he is at the point of death. Ho of course changes his opinion, pronounces this delicious food a poison, blames his own folly in tasting it. and cautions his friends against it. After a long and violent struggle he recovers, and finds himself much exhausted by his sufferings, but free from some chronic complaints which had been the torment of his life. He then changes his opinion again, and pronounces this fruit a very powerfut remeoy, which ought to be employed only in extreme cases and with great caution, but which ought not to be absolutely excluded from the pharmacoment. And would It not be the bight of absurdity to call such a Man fickle and inconsistent because he had repeatedly altered his judgment? If he had not altered his judgment would he have been a rationai being? Conceming the insinuation of ineonsistency, Tim E TRIBUNE has only to add that it is never ashamed to reconsider its opinion whenever it becomes convinced that it has bemi in the wrong. But there are some peculiar circumstances about the Blaine charges which may be explained to the advantage of all concerned. In 18741 the public mind was in an inflamed and morbid condition in regard to the integrity of public Itien. The exposure of the internal-revenue whisky-thief officials and a succession of scandals in Gen. Grants Cabinet had created a widespread impression of general corruption in official life. In this sensitive state the tendency was to accept and magnify every suspicion to which circumstanee or rumor gave rise. It was at this peculiar time that the charges or suspicions against Blaine were noised about by the friends of rival candidates. These charges were vague; the essential facts were eoncealed or distorted; half-trudis gave them a semblance of .veracity; false Inferences were drawn; men were excited and misled. The impression from these reports gained by Tits: TizmuNE at the time was that by a previous understanding or agreement Blaine, as Speaker of the House, had made certain rulings in favor of the Little Rock tt: Fort Smith Railroad, and in consideration of the same had received, at an inadequate price, a large block of the bonds and stock of that company; also that he had unloaded these bonds or a considerable part thereof on Tom Seott at considerably above their market value, he taking them to repay some supposed favor rendered to the Pennsylvania Central Eallroad. Such was the substance of the rumors presented in various forms and different degrees of circumstantiality by Blaine's rivals, and nobody on Elaine's side took them up seriatim and refuted them. His friends pronounced them all false, but did not take the trouble to prove them untrue, and in the midst of the disparaging whispers and newspaper insinuations the Cincinnati Convention was held; a majority of the delegates were afraid to assume the responsibility of his nomination, and a "dark horse" was selected to make the race. It is due to Tun TRIBUNE to state In this connection that some of the most damaging allegations against Mr. Blaine Avere furnished by one of the editors of the New York Evening Post, and the misleading information which that gentleman gave was the basis of the very comments which the Evening Post is now parading and rolling like sweet morsels under its tongue. , Had seine friend of Blaine, as much entitled to confidence as William Walter Phelps and equally familiar with all of Elaine's private affairs, made as plain and clear a statement of the case then BS Mr. has Made reeently, THE TRIBUNE Would.have accepted it at that time as it does L now, netwithstamling the prevailing public distrust of pnolic men of tiwt day. -V few streges of the pen in the hands of a man who is familiar with the facts has sal'. liceil to disperse and destroy the alleemtiona aid ulifiarpreherk,lous about Mr. Blaine, ...',.,...-- --........-....- --.- fouuded on erroneous ideas of the transaction. It is known now as it was not in 1S70, that there was no connection whatsoever between Blaine's ruling in the Arkansas Land-Grant bill and his subsequent purchase of Little Lock & Fort Smith bonds; that his ruling was as proper then as the votes which Edmunds and Grimes had previously given the bill in the Senate; that his relation to the Arkansas railroad wits precisely the same as that of Edmunds to the Burlington & Missouri Railroad; that there is not and never has been a scintilla. of evidence that Elaine ever sold to Toni Scott or the Union Pacific Railroad a single bond of any railroad or of any description, or that he ever had a dollar's interest in the Northern Pacific, or that he has ever done anything dishonest, corrupt, or improper for a good citizen to do. THE Tittut7sE long ago became convinced that Mr. Blaine was maligned in this transaction, and Mr. Phelps' explanation has left no further room for suspicion against him. It Is easy to understand how the Pa.,,t, could have been misled, but !t is riot easy to understand why it siionId still persist in pursuing Blaine in the faee of a vindication which every candid man will aeceut as complete and satisfactory. The Evottng Post can better afford to be inconsistent than to be wrongto retract rather than continue to do an injustlee. - DECAPITATED TARIFF BILL. After weeks of weary and profitless debate the Committee of the Whole of the House of Representatives came to a vote yesterday afternoon on the motion to strike out the enacting clause of the Morrison Tariff The motion was carried in the affirmative by a vote of 156 ayes to 151 Imes, and this action was sustained by the House by a vote of 159 yeas to 150 nays. This result proves the truth of what Tun MIBUNE has stated all .alongthat the Democratic professions of tariff reform and of an intention to reduce war taxes were nothing more than lying pretense. The Democratic party, which controls the House of Representatives by a majority of eighty votes, has deliberately cut the head off of a bill which waa at the best but one short step in the direction of the removal of unnecessary tax burdens from the shoulders of their fellow-citizens, and, having done this, abandons the question and declines to offer any measure of relief In the stead of the defeated bill. The Democrats admit that the present system of taxation draws $1'20,000,000 a year too much from the pockets of the taxpayers. They also admit that the Morrison bill would reduce these taxes only ,530,000,000 a year at the most. Yet they refused to grant to the people, whose representatives they profess to be, even as small a boon as this. It is evident from this decisive vote of the ruling party in the House that there will be no reduction of the tariff until a -,Republican Congress makes it. Nor is this result an unexpected one. The Democratic party, devoid of statesmen and animated and inspired only by a lust for office, is as meapable today as it has been for years of dealing with the question of revenue reform It is a party of imbeciles so far aA fiscal and economic questions are concerned. It is united, active, and intelligent only in pursuit of the spoils of office for distribution among its strikers, its blowers, and its bummers. And so cometh to a ridiculous end the parturition of the Democratic tariff mountain! The party would not even consider the bill in detail, possibly for fear of displaying its Ignorance of the vital principles involved. Its representatives would not consent to change or to amend it. They would not touch or consider any part of it except the enacting clause, and that clause, after a debate of some weeks, they struck out Their motto evidently is, "No tariff reduction in ours." And so the question will slumber as far as Congressional action is concerned until another party, whose representatives are men of broader and wider intelligence,' endowed with keen appreciation of the needs and demands of the people, resume power in the House of Representatives, and carry on the labors of legislation with an eye to the welfare of the country and not to the acquisition of office for party friends. FRE:N.-CH POSSESSIONS IN AMA. The French campaign in Tonquin is at an end. Invasion can go no further without going into China, which is not the purpose of the French Government. So far as the capture and occupation of Tonquin are eoncerned, it is evident they will not be causes of war. had China intended to resist, war would have been declared long ago. The only emergency VONV that can provoke a war will be the seizure of the large Island of Bahian and the Chinese port of Amoy, in case China refuses to pay the indemnity which the French Govenunent has demanded of her for allowing her irregular troops to take part in the defense of Tonquin. Rather than risk a war with France, there can be no doubt that China, who has no European allies, will pay the indemnity, or formally yield all her claims as suzerain over the immense Annamese Peninsula. The French now have an army of 25,000 men in T(311(111111 and a strong flotilla: on its kcoast and rivers, which Is amply sufficient to hold the territory they have overrun. With this force, step by step, Gen. Minot has advanced from Hué and taken Hanoi, Ilaidzuong, Sontiy, Bacninh and Ilunghoa. All of the fortresses of Tonquin therefore are in his possession, and from Cochin China.which has been French territory for years, clear to the mountain ranges on the Chinese frontier, the entire Peninsula of Annam east of the mountains which separate it from the Lolls States is held by the French without dispute from any enemy. This great peninsula is 900 miles in length by 150 miles in width, and is said to be fertile in soil and rich in mineral and other resources. M. Jules Ferry, who is the hero of this campaign, and who has nrged it forward largely upon his own authority, now declares that anew treaty will be made at once at Ilué, reeognizing that Annam is under the protectorate of France, who will have not only absolute commercial rights, but the rights of taxation and administration, which are tantamount to annexation. The treaty which was signed by King Iliephma and the Civil Commissioner of the French Government in August, 18S3, was a, very favorable one to the French. It recognized their protectorate, provided for a permanent French military occupation, the construction of telegraph lines, and the collection of customs by France, recognized French Governors in the provinces, and ceded outright the large Province of Bin-Thuan, to the northeast of Cochin China. At that time, however, the French, while they were In possession of the Capital, had not advanced their lines ,beyond Hanoi, fUld Tong-nil proper was in armed re-istance, encouraged by China. Now the whole peninsula is in their possession, and they are in position to dictate as broad and sweeping a treaty as they desire. . France thus has gained a new and very rich dependency. Lieut. Stanton, of our own army, WII0 i familiar with that region. not 1884- TWELVE PAGES. long ago published an interesting sketch of it, iu which he affirms that Its.raountains are rich in mines of gold, silver, lead, zine, iron, copper, and coal; that its yield of vegetables is abundant; that sugar-cane abounds and the vine grows spontaneously ; and that it produces silk, cotton, gurn-lac, tea, indigo, and several spices and dye-woods. It is a rich prize, therefore, that France 'ma secured ; but will she stop with Annam? In answering this question it must be remembered that in Europe she cannot extend beyond her present limitations. To recover her Rhine provinces would be a hopeless task. In Africa she holds Algeria and a protectorate over Tunis, and she has now picked a quarrel with Morocco which may result in a protectorate over that State also; but that is the end of the African area she may hope to gain,which is slight when compared with England's hold upon Egypt and her interest la the, Suez Canal and Red Sea routes to India. She will never be satisfied until she confronts British' India with a French India and the old Indo-China, as it was called, is in her hands. Two hundred year ago the French traversed these regions, and as long ago as 1680 they invaded Siam and actually held Bangkok, its Capital, for two years. For almost a century they made repeated efforts to conquer this territory, and did not desist until after the hostilities between France and England, when the treaty of Paris for a time killed the hopes or French. Empire in the East. That effort Is now resumed, and what may be called the first step, commencing with Capt. Ilivire's ill-fated expedition la March, 1882, has been taken, and leaves France with the Annamese Peninsula on her hands. Her next move across the Laos States, a narrow strip of country to which no Power lays claim, will bring her to Siam, and when once that struggle commences It will not end until Siam, Cambodia, and Burmah to its British frontiers are in her hands. She will then occupy a region as large and as rich as British India. She will set limits to English aggrandizement, as British India will then lie between Russian territory on the west, French territory on the east, and China on the north. She will have the same great highway to her possessions as England. If there are any compensations in this wholesale grabbing of territory they are to be found in a very equitable division as between Russia, England, and France, and in the certainty that the newly-acquired areas will be better off under their new owners than they are now, for it is to be said to the credit of France that, with all her mania for glory, the satisfaction of that mania does not entail such misery on the victims as does England's greed upon hers. THE bill which has been prepared at the suggestion of the House Committee on Foreiga Affairs looking to the furtherance of South American trade is a good deal in the nature Of a " glittering generality," and the member from Texas who has it in charge has not omitted anything that would make it appear large, broad, and generous. It provides for Commissioners who will enjoy themselves for two years in visiting Mexico and all the Central and South American States, free even from any restrictions Which Richelieu Robinson or Calamity Weller can place in their way, as these States are Republics, so called. They are to have the hospitality and assistance of our Consuls, the money to meet their expenses, and a handsome salary besides. No limitations are to be placed upon them. They -can consider anything and everything for two years, and among other things which they are to consider is a project for a railroad from this country to the Argentine Republic through Mexico, Central America, and along the isthmus down into South America, a distance of some 7,000 miles. No one will certainly object to such a road. when the time comes for it, and when the time conies the road will come; but of what use is a road into the Argentine Republic when the preseut tariff sets a wall up against it much more formidable than any natural obstacles it will find on the route ? Before we have a railroad into the South American States to develop trade it would be well for those States and this Government to agree together to take off the duties which hamper trade. There will be a good many natural obstacles in the way of the road, many streams to bridge, hills to level, mountains to tunnel, and swamps to fill up, but before this work is done there are some equally formidable trade barriers to be pulled down, and until this is done it is of no use to talk about a railroad and of no use for the commission to bother its head about it. Such a railroad will unquestionably come in time. When such inducements are offered as to make the road a .paying investment, when goods etn be brought through cheaper by the railroad than by the ocean route, which is always open to every nation except our own, there will be a railroad, but to attempt to construct or run one now against the existing trade barriers will be as hopeless a task as the man undertook who tried to elevate himself by his bootstraps. , THE difficulty in securing a jury to try Neal McKeague on the charges of murdering Mr. and Mrs. Willson at Winnetka Is an apt illustration of the defective condition of our jury laws as construed by the courts. Without going into details, it is sufficient to say that the examinations prove it to be entirely feasible for any man to secure release who is disinclined to jury service and also for any man to be aerepted who is desirous of serving. An intelligent man summoned to act as juror is pretty sure to have read the newspaper accounts of so celebrated a case as the Willson murders, to have formed some opinion upon the basis of the information be possesses, and to have expressed some opinion in the family circle or in friendly discussion of the case. These circumstances disqualify him as a juror, though it is equally certain that the same intelligence which led him to read the newspapers and discuss the case would also enable him to reach a fair verdict on the basis of the evidence brought forward in the trial and without any regard to his previous impressions. But it is very natural that citizens of this class are only too glad to escape the duty of sitting on hard benches and being locked up over night during a couple of Iveeks or more, and readily avail themselves of the defects in the jury law. On the other hand, a rascal who wants to serve in any case for corrupt purposes has only to assume the dense ignorance and indifference required by the jury law in order to compel his acceptance. The whole system is wrong, pernicious, and dangerous to society. The abuses Inseparable from such a system led to the Cincinnati riot, anti it is sincerely to be hoped that the next Illinois Legislature will avert a similar disaster in this community by remodeling the practice according to commonsense rules. IF the Iron. William Walter Phelps, or Rune man of equally good standinsr and equally familiar with Mr. Blaine's affairs, had made the same lucid statement in regard to the hitters reCord in the spring of 18t1 which Mr. has made in hie recent letter in reply to - the New York Erening Pest, there is little doubt that Blaine would have been nOtninated by the Cincinnati Convention of that year on the very first ballot and been triumphantly elected. Had this exolicit and satisfactory refutation of the reports and charges against 'Blaine appeared in 1830 he would nave received a sufficient number oyadditiOnal votes in the Chicago Convention of that year to have secured him the nomination. Mr. Blaine himself has a1wa31 contended that he could not properly come out with a public explanatfon until the charges assumed some definit shape and were fathered by some seIponsible person. Lot the late revival of the old stories by the 'New York Evening Post Induced Mrs. Phelps to put them down. He is qualified to speak for Blaine, not merely because he Is an intimate friend, but because he bas acted as a- sort of financial agent for the Maine statesman, and is perfectly weil informed about the latter's business affairs and knows that the old stories told to bis discredit were all erroneous, misleading, and untrue. Ex-SENATOH CHAFFEE, of Colorado, returned to that State about a month ago from Washington to do what he eou:d to secure a delegation in favor of Gen; Logannot that he was unfriendly to Blaine, but because he preferred Logan. His mission proved a complete failure. The first loTe of Colorado was the " Plumed Knight," and there was no human persuasion or influence that could change it. Mr. Chaffee was In this city yesterday, and owned up the corn In this candid manner: Speaking of the Presidential situation be said: "The Blaine boom swept Colorado from corner to corner. There was no more use trying to stop it than there would be in trying to stop a hurricane. I have been for Logan mind am still for him. but IL cannot see touch chance for hini at this time. The Blaine sentiment seems to have taken possession of the country from Maine to Oregon. One thing is certain: The Blaine and Logan men will control the convention and together they can and will name the nominee. Arthur is practically out of the race. lie has not got half of the delegattion of a single Northern State." In regard to dark horses Senator Chaffee did not think this would be a likely year for them. It is in Mb power of the Logan delegates to nominate Blaine on the first ballot, which would give Logan'S friends a pretty strong claim on the friendship and favor of the new Administration. It begins to look as if that is the shape the thing will take in the convention. TztE Tory organs of England have been predicting the break of the Liberal party for two years. Now it appears that disintegration of their own party organization has set in. Lord Randolph Churchill's new party, however, does not promise well. The two leading principles of his programfree education and the subordination ot the land question to social topicsare too radical for those who control the Tory voters, the country parson, and the squire. They are now bitterly opposed to the board" schools--the parson because the schools are secular, the squire because he has to pay a small tax for their support, and the 4' board " schools are not free in any sense of the word. The squire would no doubt be satisfied at letting the land question alone altogether, but the farmers may not Churchill's program is a bold one for a Toty to promulgate. It is hardly a politic one. PREDENT ANDREW D. WnrrE has been exorebsing his opinion of Mr. Blaine. fie says the " Plumed Knight " is a very good man. but that it Is somewhat doubtful If he could carry New York. As to whether Mr. Blaine could carry New York if he was not a very good man Mr. White was silent. N. Y. Commercial Adoertixer. Mr. W bite is working around to be a practical politician. Plowing in the clouds may be a celestial occupation, but the " craps" that can be put in cribs is what we want in this world. Cia. Com.-GaZ. Jim Blaine is just the boy to run away with New York, and both the WhitesAndrew and Horacewill admit it before the dog-days. One of them will stump the State for the Plumed Knight, and the other, after a due amount of sulking and grumbling on Edmunds' account, will pull off his coatiand make up for lost time for the Man from Maine. Mark the prediction. TITE Wheeling (West Va.) Register, a Democratic paper, remarks: "If, peradventure, the Republicans should carry the next Presidential election their party would hardly be warm in its new nest until it would be working at tariff reform." There Is no doubt of this. There will be no reform of the tariff until. the Republicans make it. The Democrats are incapable of doing it; they have just cut the head off the mild Morrison bill, filth they have eighty majority in the House. They are a disgustingly cowardly partyor rather a partys led by pusillanimous poltroons and muddleheaded office-grabbers. There Is not much of that party outside of its organized appetite for spoils. THE Philadelphia Press says: The great strength and decided lead of Mr. Blaine among the delegates elected to the Chicago Convention are now recognized on all sidesby his foes as well as by his friends. The following are the estimates of the vote of the two teading candidates as given by leading papers: Blaine. Arthur. New York Tribune (Blaine) 3714 New Vora Times (anti-Blaine) S40 27 Neve York World (Dam.) Ph dude' phia Pereg :in4 279 THE THIEEVE'S estimate of Biaine's strength is 378. Dr Mx a recent week there were 1,219 deaths in Paris and 1,307 births. Of these 1.307 children 665 were boys and 612 were girls, 923 of the total births being legitimate. The number of marriages for the same week was 228. In New York and Brooklyn, with about the population of Parisviz.: two millions the births average 1.300 and the deaths over 1.600 a week, while in London, with three anti a half millions, the deaths are 1,700 a week and the births 2,800. London grows by natural increase over 54,000 a year. IF the News wants Hs readers to pay the slightest heed to its gibes and flings at Blaine or to believe anything it says against that statesman it will let them see the lion. William Walter Phelps crushing reply to the New York rilst's articles attacking the record of the Man from Maine. So long as it suppresses the publication of that letter it has no moral right to say a single word against Blaine or his supporters. TIIETLE IS a striking resemblance between the story told by the latest addition to the long list of Irish informers, Thomas Moran, and the story told by the informer Carey. The oath on the knife. P. J. Sheridan in priestly garb, death to tyrants, and above all the blekerings within the inner circle itselfall these figured In Carey's testimony. Moran probably read It. Tut: Maeon (Ga.) Tcicgraph blames an Ignorant Legislature for calling the Confederate 31etnoria1-Day "Decoration-Day." " Decoration-Day," it says, "Is the technical name for the Northern celebration. Ours Is 4 Memorial-Day 'has been so since the War." Tit0sE newspapers witielt suppres5 the publication of Mr. Phelps' reply to the New York Pot charges against Blaine are estopped from repeatimr the old allegations. To suppress their refutation and to keep on reiterating them is only done by malignants and dastard& A PATTISON (Dem.) Club, oppoied to Randall for President and in favor of free trade, has been established at Philadelphia. The Randall organ refers to it to a wart on the nose of Ph iladelphiaa Democracy. A wart N a new sort of decoratioa for a Democratic aose. PERSONALS. Mrs. Jackson,- the widow of "Stonewall,' said in Chattanooga the other day that of the many Eouthern veterans with whom she bad talked hind. ly any would refuse to take up arms now to pro. ! tect the Union they once conscientiously losilit ! against. i 1 TITE delegates at the Chicago Convention will ask bow be will run in Ohio, and the answer they will get will be, Mr. Blaine cannot carry 1 Ohio," aud if they want demonstration of that curictus and important fact there will be Ohio merit; on the ground to make it clear to the dullest coin- i prehension---Ntio York Herald. The herald deceives itself about the standing of Mr. Blaine in Ohio. There need not be any ! alarm on his account about this State. If be i Is nominated, the Republicans will carry the 1 State largely. The question Ohio Republicans ! are asking themselves is, not whether Blaine could carry their State, but whether he could I carry New York. That is the point and edge ! of the whole business.Cin. Cont.-Gaz. ...."mum.,............ The flivorit one hitherto, even Wore s, days of the Into Mr. Cronin, of Oro.. " 6 hot been the blossom. 0a, - Tint opponents of Elaine have a Ty, opinion of political teen. They ace,tt Blaine will not be nominated, though they nut ad! lt at the public opinion of the eouhtty to lat favor of him and though a majority el ther,,4 triet and State Conventions in Renublieaatti were emphatically favorable to his nounneu,a. They base their hopes of his defeat ou the treachery and politleal reereaney of the prop" pent men selected as delegates in his Interco, They are likely to be disappointed. ITAIllusoN wants more money te Spend, for "needed public improvements," and wants the State Constitution amended so that be kid the Council gang may have the money to spend. Yet he and the gang. by their aetionla nullifying for a year a salutary State law to the interest of the groggeries, deprived the ei!.e of a revenue of $G00.000 He has the barti hood to boast of his action in thts matter in his annual messaze to the Council. loomm,,10 THE members of the Common Connq rang are distributed over the committees where they can do most good to themselves and most Injury to the taxpayers. The Railroad, Gas, Streets and Alleys, and Police Committees are well manned by the ringstera But the greatest "joke" of all was the plae. tug of Lawler on the Finance Committee CITICAGO business-Men do not seem anx. boos to serve their country as jurors. Indeed, some of them seem to have an insuperable ob. jection to such service. The fertility or their sources of excuse must have amazed Judtmof Anthony and Williamson daring the last tiro; days. The seats are too hard, perhaps MIL DELL, of the Criminal Court Clerk't office. has an inconvenient, or it may be e,)11. vient, method of making "misfakes" la tre ease of indicted persons. Capt. S:euhens naigh: devote himself to a little investiration around his office to find out the causes of Mr. BeTt mental lapses. HARRISON'S wail over the bad luck which has overtaken the saloonkeepers is a character. istic piece of demagogy. He did It so deft that one of the Irish Aldermen suggests thst Boumeault engage Harrison as a professionsi " keener" for the wake scene of " The Shaugh. mutt." i1 ,i ITENTtY WATTERSON seems to think sive he read Frank Rurd's speech on the tariff nut , Ohio is not as black as it is painted. Mr-Dana i refers to Hurd since the speech was made si ' the "Ohio crank." Even Democratic editart I will dieter. . TILDEN has not " declined " by proxy or t. otherwise during the last week. Sornetinag is r wrong with the old man. . i i In his historical 4ietch of English labor. 1 Mr. J. R. Thorold Rogers has difficulty hi 'iodise I I terms of hatred expressive enonch in dealing with -. ! king Henry VIII- "Ile was a monarch who ruffs , over his nobles like a King over Dahomey: the I combination of a hifsodthirsty tyrant and a this- Ible-rigger who can be admired only by a lever of ' paradoxes." I York, became estranged about a year , New ands , An engaged couple in Orange Countn , half ago. and the lady at length began a suit tr damages for breach of promise of marriage. The i gentleman, feeling, perhaps, that he would lose the : suit should it come to trial, and certainly dread .: : lug the inevitable publicity, compromised the me. 1 ter by the payment to the lady of a considershie 1 FUM of money. Not long ago. bovrever, the mew, were reconciled. and a few weeks since they were t married, the old love sweeping all obstacles out of the way. .. 46 tf miubon and Agassiz," says the Pall f , i Mall Gazette, observed Natore far more in me woods with their own eYea than In the laboratorl ,. 1 with Teiss' best modern objeetives. Mr. Bar- - I roughs is a later writer who joins to the love of 1 Nature 'at first band a remarkable power of de- t ! scription and a high degree of literary culture I: i I In observation he reminds one much of Caen I I White; in style be is something between M. Phil 1 Robinson and Mr. Jeffries. All his books are very pleasant reading. But we cannot quite forgive Ica k Ifor 'somewhat contemptuous!l alluding to Mr A. R. Wallace as 'a recent Englists writer' upou this 1 rubject. Catholicity of thought ought to mark I all men of Mr. Burroughs' attainments, and be i should be more courteous as welt as more &pore! ciative to the joint discoverer of natural 'We-Hon." I Referring to the discredited rumor that Mr. I nenry Irving was about to seek election to Krill anent, Mr. Labouchre says, in Truth (Lond,AO: I "Once, however, Mr. Irving did appear in the 1 hustings, and it was in this wise. I was the detest! 1 ed candidate at Middlesex election. Those were i the days of hustings and display. and it was the , i fashion for each candidate to go down to fires. I tort in a carriage-and-four to thank his support- I era. The morning of the day when I had se i I perform this function Irving called upon rut aol I I invited hinr to accompaos! tee. Dos's In ! drove; I made an inaudible, speech to s wok i and we reentered our carriage to return to too1 don. In a large constituency like Middle, eex few know the candidates by CCU. iIrving felt it his duty to assume a mine de circoa' Mance. Ile folded his arms. Pressed his bat aver his brows, and was every inch the baffled Poli 1 ticiandefeated, sad. but yet sternly resigned to I ! his fate. to this character he was so impressive ! that the crowd came to the conclusion what he was I the defeated candidate. So wo-begone and eser. i 'solemnly dignified did he look that they were or! I come with emotion. and to show their syme, attl. ! they took the horses out of the carriage and ; dragged it back to London. When they left us I ; got up to thank them, but this did not dispel the I illusion. Poor fellow.' I hoard them say. as Mel , watched Irving. his feelings are too much fie , 1 billIZ' and they patted him and shook hands with i him with the kindly wish to comfort him." I FOREIGN NOTES. The Dr. Warren, Roman Catholic Bishop of Ferns. died at Enniscortby, Ireland. April 22. On the death of Dr. Furlong, in NOTea. ber, 1875, be was selected as his successor, wits IPproved by the Pope in April 101101rinj, and WU consecrated by Cardinal Manning in May Theists prelate took no part whatever in politics. Lord Echo opened a Conservative Workingmen's. Club at Newcastle-on-Tyne April 20 public Meeting was held afterwards under the Presidency of Earl Percy. Mr. Barris. Cbsinnsa of the club. was called upon to speak, and he g an by addressing the audience as "Ladies saa gentlemen, rogues and fools." A Seenfl Of trfbt disorder ensued. but the Chairman eventasily obtained silence and explained that Mr. Rant IviS only quoting front a Liberal paper. Edmund Yates writes: " Lord Salllbary Is rapidly becoming the flehopenhauer of Pat"' He distrusts the English people; be distrusts parties; be has a cordial dislike for men. Ile is s pessimiet of the pessimists. Politics when rbel have reached such a point of degradation Mile become for bim welt-nigh impossible. Convinced that Toryism is rotten. or impossible, or both be may yet call himself a Tory; but the only political creed which he really accepts must be that of despair." M. de Laveleye, the French economist, ail-- dressing a Scotch audience on the occasion of the Edinburg University tercentenary said: "Permit me to tell you In two words. very humbly, what I think of It. Open, on the one side. on the left, the economist,--Adam Smith and Stuart Mill; but on the other side, On the right, open the Gespel: and if ever there is disagreement. follow. above all, the Gospel; for between good, juetice. and the useful. there cannot truly be eontradiction. Itecati to yourselves that admirable and profound word of Jesuit. which would put an end to our miseries and our divcords. If it were listened to, Seek first tieC (righteousness) and the rest shall De tided unto you.'" Mr. Joseph Chamberlain has vcritten a letter on the inclosure of common in England He says: "The inCiOntre of roadside land Is going en at a great pace, and I am afraid that in many instances it is condoned or sanctioned by eitFting local authorities. The znischief is often uot alsparent at the present time. but as population iucreaees it will be found that the rights of the pee and, above all, of the poor, have been invaded and condscated to a most serious extent. I believe the time will come when an account will be demanded of these proceedings. and the lapse of time wmi not be allowed to stand in the war Of a full inquiry Into lLetie inulesuree, and wiWoter $s IS 1 t! 1 , - - ..--111 - - --- - - , , - - - - - -

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