Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois on April 7, 1900 · 10
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Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois · 10

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Saturday, April 7, 1900
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i m mm mm mw:m fM sra m mmmmm BOOKS OF THE WEEK. Bancroft's Life of Seward. " The Life of William H. Seward." By Frederic Bancroff. Two vols. Harper & Bros. THERE have been other biographies of Lincoln's noted Secretary of State, but It is safe to say that they will all be superseded by Mr. Bancroft's admirable work. The author has taken the vast mass of materials at hand, and has -used them into a critical biography that has unity, judicial balance, candor, and literary merit. His two handsome volumes are readable nd interesting throughout their 1,109 pages. He makes no pretense at eloquence, and his utter lack of enthusiasm is noteworthy, but he treats his subject always t ympathetically and at the same time frankly. The average man among the younger generation knows that Seward was once near to being nominated for the Presidency, that he became Lincoln's Secretary of State, and was nearly assassinated at the time of Lincoln's death, that he was a brilliant and able statesman, and that many good people thought he was " tricky." Since the publication of Nicolay and Hay's life of Lincoln this meager impression has been supplemented with the knowledge that Seward ;idvised plunging the United States into war with England or all Europe as a cure for secession at home, and that his reputation lias suffered considerably by the documentary evidence on this point. Further than this the casual reader born since the war could tell but little offhand about Seward. Mr. Bancroft's biography does not change one's impression on any of the points just r.amed. It can scarcely be said that he makes a serious attempt to defend Seward from the insidious and persistent charge of insincerity which followed him all his life, though he shows that Seward's individual s;cts could usually be accounted for on good grounds, either of principle or of policy. The 'rouble was sometimes it was principle and sometimes it was policy that inspired him, and his sudden changes from one to the other from the reformer to the diplomat or the politician caused the universal impression that he could not be relied upon. As one rf his friends said, it was easy to see which hole Seward would go in at, but no man could he sure where he would come out. Yet the tact remains that he was, as Jeff ersorf Davis said, the " directing intellect " of the anti-slavery North through a crucial period, and an able, honorable, and resourceful states- The early life of the brilliant Ne-w-Yorkor is summarized in a few pages. For the purposes of this review it is sufficient to take an initial glimpse of him in JS84. when he became the first nominee of the Whig party for Governor of New York. He was described by the Democrats during the campaign as a ' red-haired, youthful candidate a man of :-mall abilities, little experience, and no consistency." Being defeated in this campaign, he took Thurlow Weed's advice and hud the foundation for a comfortable fortune by becoming the agent of the Holland Land company, which owned several millions of wild lands in the western part of New York This early friendship between Seward and AVeed passed through many vicissitudes, but remained unbroken until death severed Jie chain thirty years later. When Seward did become Governor he seems to have achieved only a moderate success. A shift in political fortune retired him tn private life after a second term. He finally began his larger career at Washington in the spring of 1849, and as Senator-elect performed the delicate tast of giving President Taylor advice about his inaugural addressa task which he was to repeat a dozer, years later for Lincoln with good results ('lay's compromise measures of 1850 were the chief feature of this session of Congress. Mr. Seward opposed them and Mr Hancroft thinks that if Webster had done the same from the first the crisis might have been averted. He holds that secession had not one-half the strength and organization in 1860 that it possessed In 1861. On this point he says Seward was more frank and courageous than his party. The doings of the political firm of " Seward. Weed, and Greeley " are aptly described. Mr. Bancroft believes it was Seward's failure to become a Republican at he birth of the party that lost him the Presidency in 1860. For as soon as the election of 1851 was over Horace Creel ev drew out of the ' firm " by coming out in the New York Tribune with a severe censure of Seward for " adhering to the vacated shell of Whiggery," and six years later, when the Seward "irrepressibles" in Chicago learned that Horace Greeley had come to town and taken up his quarters at the Tre-mont House with the Bates and Lincoln men a chill came over their spirits at once Mr. Bancroft believes that Greeley's influence in Chicago defeated Seward. Weed ond Raymond. Seward's managers thought so. too, and were still further angered by Greeley s exultant sentences written after Lincoln's nomination: "The past i dead Let the dead past bury it. and let he mourners, if they will, go about the streets." The biographer gives Mr. Seward the highest credit for holding the rebellion in check nuring the perilous months between Lincoln's election and his inauguration. It was here that Seward's smooth speech and suave manners counted for much. His devotion to the un.on was not only unwavering but it was shrewdly practical. He was the only man who possessed at once the confidence ' l"c ana oi tne south to a large de gree His apparent egotism, found in many hl utterances at this period, was not out ' of proportion to his actual service Mr ; Ba-icroft says: ' There is no reason to doubt that Seward's policv warded oft the most imminent dangers and bridged oyer the chasm between November and March I No one but Buchanan had the power-and he wholly lacked the capacity and the rafe-to develop a better and more far-reaching method I of dealing with secession. What Seward did was less a deliberate policy than tactics for an emer- 1 gency but it was timely and effective for the 1 immediate purpose, and amazingly so when all ; the difficulties are given due consideration This was the hour of Seward's supreme greatness. When Lincoln came to the White House i ;i was hi once eviaent mat Seward thoupht his own rOIe was to be that of the power be-nind the Presidential chair. It took a long time and many quiet rebuffs to awaken him to the fact that " this man means to conduct his own administration." In the meantime Seward had fallen into the amazing errors of Judgment which have since made one shudder to think what might have happened if he had been in the Presidential chair instead of Lincoln. Until after the fall of Sumter he still believed the South was not in earnest and could be won back by soft words and shrewd but Immaterial concessions, and, for a still long er time, he cherished the even more dangerous idea that by plunging the nation into a European war the Southern people could be instantly brought back into the union. Not only was this policy frankly set forth in his now famous " Thoughts for the President's Consideration," submitted to Lincoln April 1, but it also cropped out dangerously In his instructions to Ambassador Adams written on May 21, nor had he entirely recovered from his delusion at the time of the Trent affair. Mr. Bancroft puts as generous a construction on this phase of Seward's career as he can. but he cannot avoid ascribing it in part to the Secretary's struggle for supremacy. He expected to reduce the whole trouble to a foreign war, and to conduct that war himself. On the other hand, Mr. Bancroft reminds us that Seward was at this period In a highly excited and unjudicial statd of mind, and that Lincoln acted as his sober second thought, just as he had done for Lincoln In toning down his first inaugural. The whole matter is admirably summed up in these words: The numerous complications in which he so strangely involved himself were the outgrowth of two supreme illusions. The first was that the Southerners had stronger ties to the federal government than to slavery, and that if given time to reflect they would not go to war in the interest of that Institution. The second was that he alone could furnish and direct the policy whether of peace, procrastination, and compromise, or of war, civil, or intercontinental, or both by which the country was to be saved. His ambition was for the union vastly more than for himself. He sought power and mastery of the administration and of all difficulties, not because he wanted the glory of a semi-dictatorship, but because he honestly believed that that was the way for him to serve and to save the nation. This Is a generous and at the same time a just judgment. It is typical of Mr. Bancroft's treatment of Seward's whole career. It deserves to be coupled with his similar explanation of Seward's apparent insincerity; " Optimism was so great a factor in Seward's diplomacy that it is difficult to distinguish when his cheerful and confident expressions represented his real opinions, and when they were announced merely to encourage others." Here was at once the strength and weakness of the man. This facility of tactful speech fitted him supremely for the diplomatic and partly deceptive rSle which had to be played during the interim between Lincoln's election and inauguration. On the other hand, it prevented his ever gaining the full confidence of the nation, and when coupled with a wild error of judgment, such as his foreign war scheme, it became dangerous. It is Lincoln's peculiar glory that he could avail himself of the brilliant intellect and fine powers of William H. Seward, and at the same time hold the man's weaknesses where they could do no harm. It is useless to try to summarize an exhaustive work such as Mr. Bancroft has written, but it is to be hoped that enouyh has been said to indicate that this life of Seward is one of the best biographies of the year. The conclusions at the end of the second volume are marked by calm penetration and a remarkable gra3p of the man's peculiarly complex character. The value or" the volumes is further enhanced by an index and two excellent portraits. Remington's Latest Tales. " Men with the Bark On.'! Remington. Illustrated. Bros. By Frederic Harper & MM : J WfSTi ri w Ait vi MEN iWITH THE BARK ON From his experiences In wandering up and down the length and breadth of the land Frederic Remington has evolved another of those charming volumes of short stories in which he combines his two talents as author and artist. His title, " Men with the Bark On," suggests unmistakably the type of his character. It is the type he loves to portray, and he always does it well. A fair example of Mr. Remington's dramatis per-sonas is the olr frontier scout. MacNeil. who figures in one of his most delightful stories: He is what we call a " good fellow," with plenty of story, laugh, and shrewd comment, but his sense of humor is so ridiculously healthy, bo full bloodedly crude, that many ceremonious minds would find themselves " off side " when Mac turns on his sense of jollity. He started years ago a. scout for Sheridan down Potomac way. and since then he has been in the Northwest doing similar duty against the Indians, so a life spent in the camps and foothills has made a " scented darling " of old man MacNeil. He is a thousand times a hero, but he does not in the least understand this. If he could think any one thought he was such a thing he would opine that such a me was a fool. He is a pure old warrior and nothing has come down the years to soften Mac-Neil. He Is red-healthy in his sixties, and has never seen anything to make him afraid. The influence of even fear is good on some men. It makes them reflective and takes them out of the present. But even this refinement never came to Mac, and h needed it in the worst way. With the exception of ' The White Forest," a Canadian tale, and " The Story of the Dry Leaves," an Indian tale of long ago. the stones have to do with soldiers and our late war with Spain. Mr. Remington was an eye witness of many engagements down there, and while he frankly refrains from harrowing descriptions, he "writes of them suggestively. With the Fifth Corps " is a most interesting sketch of the Santiago campaign, in which many of the best-known military men and newspaper correspondents figure. A light and delicious vein of humor is a marked Quality of Mr. Remington's writing, and about it there Is the same refinement of style that is so apparent in his pictures. Some Real College Girls. " Smith College Stories." By Josephine Dodge Daskam. Charles Scribner's Sons. The series of college stories that the Scrib-ners are issuing proves that literature Is not languishing and that aspirants to literary fame are budding upon the college campus. The present collection, like the Yale story recently considered, . is written at close range. The author is still so much a part of the college life as not to be able to see the real humor of that distorted vision of the girl student which causes her to believe that she knows life and the world. But Miss Daskam is not unmindful of the college girl's weaknesses and absurdities and she has faithfully reproduced some of her small trials and tribulations. Whether there is not a deeper side to the life 'and a profounder undercurrent of thought running through it' is open to question; it is the province of this writer to consider the lighter side. And so we have the typical college girl among her tea cups and " themes," her ohocolates and sofa pillows, and with her " immense capacity for suffering and for sympathy." The first story. " The Emotions of a Sub-Guard." is a trifle too technical for those not initiated into the mysteries of basketball; but it delightfully reproduces the feelings of shyness and after-elation that Theodora Root experienced upon being called upon to act as substitute to a girl who had sprained her ankle. Theodora's triumph was fittingly commemorated in this doggerel : Here's to Theodora Root, She's our dandy substitoot. Drink her down, drink her down. Drink her down, down, down! " A Case of Interference " is the story of how one girl interfered to win favor and social recognition for another, who was unpopular, and " The Evolution of Evangeline " is another characteristic account of how a plain girl with no evening dress was made, on an occasion, to blossom out as a beauty in the most fetching of costumes. " At Commencement " reveals with charming humor some phases of college finals, and in " The Education of Elizabeth " we get a glimpse of matrimonial " commencements." They are slight themes, as will be seen, but they are handled with spirit and often betray a keen literary sense. The author has reason to hope for future literary honors. Greek in Name Only. "Andromeda: An Idyl of the River." By Robert Buchanan. Llppincott company. ANDROMEDA BY ROBERT BUCHANAN Robert Buchanan is the man who recently achieved new notoriety by excoriating Kipling in an article called " The Voice of the Hooligan." It is difficult to see any superiority in this superior critic's own book. His theme Is not new and the reader is quite familiar with the highly emotional set of people that he portrays. But he has given some original touches to the plot and some individual coloring to the characters, and so the story may be called new. Take an artist with a bohemlan nature, engaged, not much to his liking, to a cousin, and place him on a lonely English island where dwells a beautiful. -mermaidish girl, and the result may be safely predicted. But in this case Andromeda has already been secretly married to the sailor who adopted her as a waif of the sea and who goes on a voyage immediately after the ceremony, much to the young bride's satisfaction. Upon the news of his death, and with the fortune that he left, "Anniedromedy " goes to London and meets again Charles Somerset, the ardent artist who had loved and left her. The engagement to the cousin Is broken and there Is a promise of happiness for the reunited pair, when, of course, the hushand is washed up. Then follow some lurid scenes, which culminate in an attempt on the part of the irate husband to take the life of Somerset and to get forcible possession of his wife. In the end the sailor goes the way he should have gone before, and there is a hope that the lovers may go their own long aeterrea way. Trie opening chapter, which Introduces Somerset's artist friend. Bufton, and the landlord of the Lobster Smack, promises something in the way of character study, but as the story progresses the author's powers are entirely devoted to the incidents of the plot and the characters are allowed to get along as best they may: they don't get along well, but the plot prospers and reveals some highly sensational and some rather indecorous situations. A Remarkable First Novel. " Kate Wetherill: An Earth Comedy " By Jennette Lee. The Century company. In many ways " Kate Wetherill " is a remarkable book. Mrs. Lee has elected to write of the evolution of a woman's soul, and this difficult undertaking she has accomplished with admirable delicacy and skill. The events, each one of which serves its purpose by throwing into relief some of the strong, simple lines of Kate Wetherill's character, are divided into three groups-hell, purgatory, and paradise; and because the end is paradise she gives her story the subtitle of "An Earth Comedy." But it is a sad comedy and comes perilously near to being a tragedy. In a hot kitchen of a little cottage in a small New England manufacturing village Kate Wetherill had been drudging for nineteen years, her only luxury being the occasional purchase of a book, which, leaf by leaf, she pinned on the yellow panels above the kitchen sink, before which she stood half her life. Thus Emerson. Marcus Aurelius. Epictetus, and others she knew by heart. Epictetus she loved best, for he, too. had been a slave and seemed to understand. " Serene. I fold my hands and wait," she pinned up one day. trying to force or cheat herself into submission to her toilsome and sordid lot ; but when her husband and son, both stupid, coarse men, had eaten like animals of the dinner she had been all the hot morning preparing, and had noticed her only by a few brutal jokes concerning flushed and tired face, she tore the motto down and put in its place an agonizing plaint of a tortured soul. That night she came to the verge of suicide, but just in time for her to save herself it was revealed to her that all the shackles ever forged could not enslave the soul. Then it was that, with a song in her heart, she emerged from hell into purgatory. Here were sore trials, too; but there were also hope and conscious strength with which to meet them. She labored day in and dav out, but she had no more the old sense of bondage. When her husband became tenderly attentive to the pretty young school teacher. Impersonally and with all kindness and wisdom she dealt with them. The young theological student, seeing her at this time, said her face reminded him of high pasture lands smiling in the sunlight. Her greatest and final trial came in the death of her baby girl. Kate Wetherill is a creation of which any author might be proud. She is universal. She belongs to no time or place or people. She is the type of all that white-robed throng who have come through great tribulation from under the Adamlc curse. Mrs. Lee shows excellent taste in having the style and general atmosphere of her story in keeping with this central figure. The tale is simple and forceful, with no flights of rhetoric or tricks of sentimentality. This is the author's first book, but as Jennette Barbour Perry she is known to magazine readers. Great J. B. Captain Slocum's Unique Voyage. , " Sailing Alone Around the World." By Captain Joshua Slocum. Illustrated. The Century company. A 3 J Amdl tithe VSf IB? ess II w- T vVSr- II Captain Slocum's simple and delightful narrative of his voyage around the world alone in the little sloop Spray combines the adventurous charm of " Robinson Crusoe " with the life and humor of Marryat. It is a rare good book for lovers of sea travels and adventure. The Captain is a literary artist as well as a daring and skillful sailor, and he tells his experiences with a delightful combination of modesty and delicate humor. Best of all, his story is true, and as remarkable for what it tells as for the way it tells it. A Nova Scotian by birth and a naturalized 1 ankee by nationality. Captain Slocum is a retired shipmaster. He built the Spray with his own hands at New Bedford and started on his unprecedented single-handed vovage in the summer of MSB. The Spray is less than thirty-seven feet lone and fourteen fWt wide, sloop rigged: in this little vessel Captain Slocum circumnavigated the globe in three years with no other crew than himself alone. He traveled 46.000 miles and came back to Boston weighing more than when he left, and without a drop of water in the sfcug hold of the Spray. Instead of a chronometer he had a cheap tin clock, which lost its minute hand half way around the world, but he " boiled her " and she kept such good time the rest of the way that he still made his sea reckonings with astonishing accuracy. With the best of charts, the usual sea equipment, a kit of carpenter's tools, a gun or two. and " some carpet tacks, not a great many." he achieved his memorable feat. But he would have failed without the carpet tacks. After crossing to Gibraltar in twenty-seven days, the Captain hobnobbed awhile with the British commanders there and (hen started for Cape Horn, having a miraculous escape from a Moorish pirate on the wav. By way of diversion the Spray ran ashore on the Uruguay sands and nearly drowned its crew. But the worst part of the vovage was the passage through the Straits of Magellan at the Horn. Not only was the Spray harassed day and night by fierce winds and murderous " williwaws." but the Fueglan savages were determined to shoot the Captain and capture his boat. At sea he could lash the tiller and sleep at night leaving the little craft to continue its course at full speed. But In the straits he could neither anchor in safety nor keep on his course. He had to sleep, and here is where the carpet tacks came into play. Every night he strewed these over his deck and turned in. trusting to providence and the carpet tacks. One night he was awakened by a chorus of appalling howls overhead and leaping up he saw half a. dozen barefooted savages disappearing In agonv over the side into the water and into their boat This was not his last encounter with them but they never visited the Spray again at night. After he had worked his way clear through to the Pacific, a hurricane caught him and drove him far south, almost around the Horn, so that he had to make his wav Into the straits again and take a month covering the same perilous ground a second time. But he picked up a cargo of shipwrecked tallow on the way, and afterward sold it to good advantage in Samoa. Captain Slocum's visit to Juan Fernandez, Robinson Crusoe's Island. Is full of Interest. His wonderful sail of seventy-two days across the south Pacific Is dismissed in' a few pages, but they are pages that will make sailors marvel. His visit to Samoa and his account of how Mrs. Robert Louis Stevenson entertained him is followed bv no less interesting descriptions of Australian and Ta-manian ports. In one of the latter he made his first attempt to lecture, but found himself finite nerVOUS. A KV-mr,atVii.l- L.'..,l. man reassured him by telling him that great nervousness was only a sign of brain and that the more brain a man has the longer it will take to get over the affliction; " but " he added, reflectively, " you will get over it " When he arrived at the Island of Rodriguez he was at first taken for Antichrist and one old lady fled to her house, locked herself in, and could not be persuaded to come out during the eight days of the Captain's stay. At the Island of Mauritius he had made an engagement to dine with the harbormaster the next dav, but when seven young ladies wanted to be entertained on his sloop and he asked them to " name the day " they all cried " Tomorrow." Then he was in a quandary, but he decided he could take them out into the rough seas in the morning, that they would have a good time and mal de mer," and that he could thus get back in time for dinner. The Captain's sly humor appears to good advantage in this anecdote, as he continues: But not a bit of it. We sailed almost out of sight of Mauritius, and they just stood up and laughed at seas tumbling aboard, while I was at the helm making the worst weather of it I could an. spinning yarns to the aunt about sea serpents and whales. Hut She. dear lndv nVton I k,H i with stories of monsters, only hinted at a basket of provisions they had brought along, enough to last for a week, for I had told them about ray wretched steward. The more the Spray tried to make those young ladles seasick the more they all clapped their hands and said. " How lovely it Is" They could hoist sails like tars, and could trim them. too. They could tell all about the ship's ' hoods, ' and one should have reen them clap a bonnet on the jib. Like the deepest of deep water sailors, they could heave the lead, and as I hope to see Mauritius again any of them could have pur the sloop in stays. No ship ever had a fairer crew. But the Captain did not get ashore that day to keep his dinner engagement with the harbormaster. The island of Paul and Virginia was too much for him. m Captain Slocum avers that at Durban he was waited on by a committee of Boers who were in search of proof that the earth was flat, and that one of them went at him fiercely with a Bible and said: " If you have any respect for the word of God you must admit the world 13 flat." Before he sailed from Africa he received a pamphlet written by these geographers, made up of arguments from sources high and low to prove their theory. The Captain further avers that the only conversation he had with Oom Paul related to this subject, for when he said he was sailing round the world. Mr. Kruger interrupted sharply: " You don't mean round the world; it is impossible. You mean in the world." Before the Captain got " round the world " he had to pass the stormy Cape of Good Hope, where he was dipped under water three times In a's many minutes on Christmas day, while a passing steamer signaled him a " merry Christmas." " I think the Captain who did it was a humorist," says the old sea dog; " his own ship was throwing her propeller out of the water." Then came the happy meeting with the Oregon on the South American coast, the discovery that the United States was at war with Spain, and the stormy northward sail to New York and Boston. The whole book is one to Selight the heart of all who know anything of the, charm and mystery of the sea. Oblivion. Webster Davis bids fair to become a closed Incident with greater rapidity of action than did hla illustrious preiecessor, the distinguished Macrum. Detroit Journal. Common Characteristic. General Wood says that Cuba is no place for a man without money. It seems that in Eome respects Cuba i about like any other country. Kansas City Journal. LIQUIDATION IX C0EX. .MAY SELLS BELOW FORTY CENTS, BIT RECOVERS SLIGHTLY. Small Holders Sell Ont. not Big Lines Believed to Be Still Intact Wheat Has a Stamp, bnt Reacts Fractionally on Shorts Taking Profits Selling for Argentina a Feature of the Mar-fct Provisions Weaker Cash Produce Transactions. May corn, which sold at 42c Thursday, could be had as low as 39c yesterday, but there was a reaction from the low point and the close was slightly above the 40c mark. Liquidation by longs was the order of the day, and a power of corn came out, though the big lines, it was believed, were not materially disturbed. The market showed strength early with Liverpool cables, which closed t,id to d higher for futures, from an opening t4d to Wl lower, with spot 4d lower. The advance there was considered good reason for opening prices here at 41c to 41Vic, compared with a previous close of 4041c for May. But the demand was light and offerings large, and though the market was firm it only needed a strong push to send It down. The push was given by Glfford, who offered corn down liberally, and as it slid down the ways stop loss orders came out, which accelerated its decline. The market was nervous and active, the range being lc to lc. May sold from 4H4c to 3!Ke and closed at 4'4r sellers. July closed at 41c, a. loss of Wfic; September at 41tc. a loss of Wac. Covering by shorts who had sold on the decline accounted for the final reaction. Reports of fair sales for export here and at the seahoard aided the rally, though earlier advices had been of resales of corn abroad at 2c under this market, a piece of news which gave some color to the cruel suspicion that the advance at Liverpool had been worked by Chicago speculators to create a market to sell out on. Elevators and provision interests were on the selling side. Cudahy leading, and the Trego-Smith party and other local longs unloaded. The commission houses all seemed to have selling orders early, but Chandler and others bought on the breaks, longs who had sold out near the top yesterday and Thursday coming into the market again. Local receipts were not heavy. 353 cars, of which 154 were contract. Primary receipts were 67,0fi3 bu, to 4fir,16S bil last year, and shipments were lS3.4r.7bu. to 73.507 bu last year. Seaboard clearances were 821,738 bu. to 443.241 bu received. Local sales for the seaboard and direct export were 320.000 bu. New York reported the sale of 320.000 bu and St. Louis 250.000 bu Argentine shipments were 232,000 bu, to !W?.000 bu last week, and 4S.000 bu last year and from the first of the yesr shipments have reached the total of 4.1PS.0O0 bu compared with 2.004.000 bu for the same period last year. Bradstreets made American exports for the week 4.301.000 bu, to 3,193,000 bu last week, and 3.725.000 bu last year. Wheat Closes Lower. Wheat opened higher yesterday by 4c to V,c on an unofficial report fixing' Argentine shipments for the week at 1.080,000 bu, and on the failure of the Livernool market t r-A here the day before. Later the omciai report fixed Ar-genitne shipments at 2.3.Hti.(ioo bu. and it was remembered that while Liverpool prices did not go down yesterday they had not gone up thp dav before on the advance here. Lack of ofltside support and a bear raid In the pit. following the slump in corn, caused May to break lVtc from the high point to p,c, but on shorts buying to take their proiitn on early sales, there was a reaction at the close to WI'VaWic. sellers, a loss of M,av,c for the day. July lost tic. clos- , . ln at sellers. A feature of the market not generally known on the floor was the selling of short wheat for Argentine through a commission h..Use. This was considered a beari-sh indication, a hedge against the wneat they are prevented from shimiin? .. . , ... k of tonnage. Argentine holders ana'r- expeet prices to be aa high when take out the rest of their sur- h.is hcn going the last two may have been strength- Argontlne cargoes were nu under hard to the loss of 4 " May Wheat Range. of a la ently do not they get ships to I Ills at the rats it months, a view which ened by the report that offered In continental ports at C ,Ii wneat. Th Modern Miller was rather bullish, and the ofMHal Ohio n. .-, L5 Vvi estimate of the crop condition at 4 per cent of the average, hut this seemed to have been discounted long in advance. Th- condition of the Illinois crop. 80 per cent ci the average bv the State report, looked beUer. however. There was little outside support of the market, and Its weakn-ss w as attributed in part tn the decline in corn New J ork reported bids from the other side lc'out of line at the opening, but before the clos 144 000 bu were sold there for export and lfi.ooo bu were sold here. T he Argentine shipments of 2.33 non l,.i compared with shipments of ."..232.000 bu the week before and 1 650.000 bui a (rood average then a 5-Since.-lan- 1 shipments have been 2, i.5S.O00 bu to 14.500.000 bu for the same year Thi Argentine visible in r..r-2o.OOo bu. to 5 V inmi Si.". -e w,,k before and 3.680.000 bu last vear k i Northvvost had 484 cars, to 410 cars last vear" .wine iin.ni I,-I"1PIS Were mis to S.-i fnro .,,t Primary receipts w ere SSS.Ooo hn to 4fir, i with shipments 18.T 4.17 bn .. 7t'-.i. o,3ard clearances of wheat and SU.TTO bu. Itradstreet's reported Via r du last year. ru la-st year. nour were Am the nai i-iiiwis oi wneat and flour for wek at :! ivui .,, , JH " nerore and ;;,:,sr,.noo bu the corresponding week last year. Liverpool futures cosed iinehsanr1 t i, -a , . j ' 1 1 loi ii7 , 'I" riv. "vn-t'i mgner r L ,'t raH, nerun ,c lower. unchanged, and Buda-Psth Kc higher Liverpool was steady to Id higher t rovlsions ost financial standing with gram end May pork lost so much that -Tt ,kT.i"'. wa? ",fn with J"' t $12.(171!,. after losses of 30c S?:1 11 r!,oectIvely. As late as last Wednes- Antwerp spot in day May fudahy's ... "l il premium or 0c over July fiit,,-.. ,"" "'"Bui. .me two L " " ."Srl,l,':l' 1 opening was eas er with hogs at the Yards 5&7i4e lower on larger re- -f n0t. t5an FSB60: were disposed to sell, and outside support was light. Trade was spasmodic, following the grains but general !v oJfi r Armor bourtt May ribs, and ribs lost only r.c on the day to 7k,41IOc declin in lard xvtti icraiw were lh.imiii hogs to 22 Oon lat year, while there were tw.ooo tn the vi )n ht year. Cash demand w as good esnecinii,,' lard, w hich sold at a premium of t..r. ,-- last loose May. There cars i,ro..n a little over 10,000 bu going from but trade was far from active was a enai deal cf "u l,ir was in no cond t on to withstand an onslaught at sellers without making a ower range of prices. All deliveries except HeptembeT were at one time higher than the c osings of the f-abefor?- ,ui,ai the close had reacted i4jY from previous high points, and closed about this distance lower than Thursday. Commission houses had as many selling orders as they had on the buying side the day before. Th off.ring? werl absorbed in a general way by scalpers. Receipt! were 11. nnr It -f .!..,.. - . J ' a., "-t.V" , i 7 j "lr"j contract. Ks u"ia'' incii'is tiMuiv are ii, were 1..11011 bu Philadelphia. Rye was easier oc iu.-ije, iion sneet snowed more cars In but they were not on the sample market. An unusual thmg was the grading contracts of all the ten cars of rye inspected. No. 2. in store and to go sold at r,r.i,c May opened nt r.60 sold a mP then off to 55Hc. closing at 554, c bid and 5o asked. Rarley continued firm, with an excellent demand for the moderate offerings. Screen Inn sold from 35c for poor to 3SVc for choice the bulk fXl " from 37fSS8c. Feed harl" v was ris.c i.l,,,mmKa,n,nf from 40c to nominally 4Sc' Timothy mis dull and easy, but about unchanged Sales were extremely light. The cash market was about t2.10fiS.20. There were no "bid for clover, though seed was offer. 1 at $7 7r, Flax seed was unchanged for spot, sales' of No 1 K&hWetarn be ire at $1.70. May sold from t.S to SI. 1 it. closing at $1.70. lighr at SI 24 in.l October at SMrtU.fiil. 17. closing at the outside Local receipts were 11 cars outside. sutures ranged as foil lows: WHEAT. May . . Julv . Kept .. May July Sept May July Sept . Mav July May . July . Sept . May . July Closed Thursday. t.7 404-1 41i- 4- h High. 7 8-: 60' Low. ost 24 . . .12.07'a ...12.S21-, CORN. 4J4i 40 42 41 OATS. 25 2W 25U 24.- 2314 2.T MESS PORK. 12.07 12.02U 12.Sw 12.60 Closed yesterday i:r,-T., liM, 4m , 24ti I 24U,-fc 23V 12.R714 12.67tJ Closed Apl. 7. is;.'. 71. 724 7u My, 35' 35Tj 2(11., 25K ...6.70 .. .6.80 . ..6.00 . . -fi.07' ; 87 1; s.-, Sept 6.S2',i GRAIN No LARD. 6.67 6.62H 0.62 6.80 fi.70 H 72U 6.87 6.80 6.80 SHORT RIBS SIDES. .no fi ;to 11 df-u 30 0.40 6.75-714 6. 771 5.30 5.4214 5.55 4.77 INSPECTION. i.7Tt-,-80 4 SHI u. 5.02 inter wheat. Spring wheat. . Corn oats Rye Barley and better. No. 4 2 152 34 16 8. a 25 183 !., Low grades. 2 6 16 26 11 Total. 21 33 853 105 10 18 Totals Inspected 202 42.914 bu Hi winter and 61 ..1.210 630 bu sprjnKjWhtat. 04.633 bu corn. 63.2W bu oats 11.230 CM I'roilnce Trnn.saetlont. FLOl'R In fair local demand and prices steady Wirjter patents. Southern. S3. 30C3. TO straight a $.S.2oru3.P . spring, special Iran :-, .'!. Minne! suta. hard Mitenta, $3.353 56; soft patents. $3 10 tto.JO: soft bakers, export, bass $2 m5i2 ', while rye. brls. $2. 8f& :! ..,: dark. SL7olr2So h,te "TER WHEAT-Steady under good demand and moderate offerings. No sales reported Nominal prices mnWpnc for No. 2 red 67. Oc for No 3 hard fr NO- 2 hard' and r,2c SPRING WHEAT In fair request and easier Sales in store and to go: No. 1 Northern. 7v ?. Si,h5iJ On track: No. 4. 61: No. 1. irMic. Iree on b.jard: No 4 tilled No. 3, 6,,c. Billed through: No. 4. 581?: No. a, o..c. CORN In good demand and moderate supply at a decline of lc. Sales In store and to go- No 43.000 bu for export on p. t. : No. 3. 38c 273 000 Nothing but Coffee, and that the highest grade of excellence. This is a practical day and generation. Public patronage rests upon positive merit. For this reason Chase & Sanborn's Coffees Seal Brand, Java and Mocha, in tin cans. Other Hlgh-Grade Brands, in parchment fibre lined bags. are consumed daily in more than a million homes. They have been proven the full standard of coffee goodness. The fragrant aroma is appetizing; there's enjoyment and health in every cupful. It is not possible to get better coffee; it is not probable as good can be had under any other brand for any price. Quality is the foundation of value in the unrivaled quality of Chase "& Sanborn's Coffees rests their merit for public confidence. We never have to coax the second order. Imitations and counterfeits are common. A few cents more profit often induces the dealer to urge some inferior brand, therefore we say, see that the seal of Chase & Sanborn is on every package you buy. Then disappointment is impossible. bu for shipment on p. t. ; 42.000 bu to arrive on P. t.: No. 3 white. 39c: No. 3 yellow. 3:-o. On track and free on hoard: No. 3. 40'4(54ii..r No 8 yellow. 40fif41c: No. 3 white. 4041Uc. " Ears Sli,.,lledJhr?Lu'rh; No 38'ia38ic: No. 3. .S;iS2? 4c; No- 3 ye"ow. 3804Olc: No. 3 white. J!iffi:iic OATS In moderate demand at slightly lower prices. Sales in store and to go: No. 4 white. 25c: No. 2. 25c. On track and free on board: No 4 white. 27(ft'27W.c: No. 3 white. 271 ,f28t-.c- No 2 2.Vvtt2.W N. 2 white. 28ii28c. Billed through : No. 4 white. 2826io: No. .". white, 261 T-c : No. 2. 24141325c; No. 2 white. 27c. PROVISIONS Active but easv and lower. Cash lots mess pork. S 1 2. .Vci 1 2. 70 regular. (12.05(912. 10 old. I.ard. $0.(i.VJi;.7ii regular. (6.6006.65 choice old, $ii..r56.0 for regular old. Short ribs. (0.00 7.13. according to weight. HIGH PROOF SPIRITS Firm. (1 25. HAY Quiet and Arm. Receipts. 587 tons: shipments, 21 tons. Track sales Included: Choice timothy. $12.5001.!. 00: No. 1 timothy. $11,000 12.00: No. 3 timothv. $8 30: not graded timothy. $0.00010.50. Choice prairie, Iowa. Slo.OO: Kansas. $10.00: No. 2 prairie, Iowa, $8.00: No. 3 prairie. State. $6.00. Trade Goanip on 'Changre. Estimated receipts toda : Wheat. 65 cars: corn, 360 cars; oats. 175 cars; hogs, 23.0O0. Rates for storage on grain are hereafter to be cheaper and are to be figured on a day-to-day basis instead of In ten-day periods as heretofore. Thl change has been brought about by the Committee of Ten on Revision of Rules and was announced yesterday at the conclusion of a meeting held by the committee. The details of the pro posed changes are runy outnneo m tne joiiowing letter addressed to Chairman ("handler by Murry Nelson, representing the elevator interests. The letter Is under date of April 4 and reads: " At a conference of the elevator Interests, held today, with the view of obtaining a further expression of opinion concerning the establishment of a daily storage rate on grain, and in compliance, also, with the recent request of your committee, it was concluded that, while we fully believe that the rate already submitted viz. : l-4uth cent per bu per day after the first ten days, and taking effect May 15 next, would prove to be a liberal and satisfactory proposition, we are much Impressed with the assurances of your committee that the promise of a further concession commencing In January. 1001. would be appreciated by the trade and tend to bring all Interests together more closely in the promotion of general harmony and good feeling, we therefore voluntarily agree to make a daliy storage rate on grain In good condition for the balance of the present year and thereafter as follows: " Replnning May 15 next the daily rate of storage after the firM ten days to be l-40th cent per bu, and commencing In January. 1901. the rate to be after the first ten days. l-50th cent per bu per day. Wo beg, furthermare, to assure your committee and ali the Interests on the Board of Trade that It represents that while the elevator owners are fullv mindful of the pecuniary sacrifice they assume in the adoption of the above concessions, they feel recompensed by the fact that they are trying to do their share towards the encouragement of broader and more comprehensive conditions on the board and in facilitating the trading in grain to such an extent that it is reasonable to believe all interests will be materially benefited. " If the above propositions meet the approval of your committee and the Board of Directors we will in due time proceed, jointly and severally, to notify all concerned of the inauguration of the schedule herein sugested." The committee voted to accept the communication and instructed the chairman to submit the same to the Roard of Directors with the unanimous Indorsement of the committee, with the recommendation that it be accepted bv the directors for and on behalf of the association. The old plan of figuring storage has been a bugaboo for many years, working illogicallv In many instances. A house, as an example receiving wheat one minute before the expiration of any ten-day period was " stuck " for tne storage for practically ten days, making the purchaser a loser of $50 on every 50,000 bu lot. Braastreet reports exports as follows: This week Last week Last year Since July 1 I'revious year Vl " u... AVheat and flour, bu. . 3. 837. OHO . 2.O02.OOO . 3. 385. 0OO . 151.026.00u ,.198.344.000 Com, ou. 4.362.000 3. 104. 000 3. 725. 000 160.824. Oi 10 131,153.000 for member 's inctcen hundred dollars was hid ships yesterday without offerings In spite of the slumps in corn and provisions yesterday Patten still has a paper profit of several hundred thousand dollars on his holdings and while some corn traders thought he sold corn ves-terdy the general Idea in the pit was that he "was standing pat. Provisions traders helped along the decline in product by short selling, in the belief and hope that the big bull could be smoked out and made to let go his holdings. The only effect of the raid, however, was to bring him into the nit as an open buyer near the close. He took 500 brls of July pork from the Anglo-American Packing company at $12.60, which was the low price of the day. The trade is getting a little mystified about corn A great deal of long corn came out vesterdav but the big lines of Bartlett and Patten are believed to be practically Intact. The interesting questions are how long they will be held if the market keers on declining and what the effect will be If thev begin to come out. Corn Is still as strong as ever statistically, and on the surface the claims that it mav go to 50c. or even higher, seem plausible enough, but there are some bearish undercurrent - Foreign cables yesterday told of cargoes being resold on the other side at 2c under the market price here. It Is claimed that the high price will afTect consumption abroad, as It has begun to affect it here. Cattlemen have been feeding at n loss with corn going up loc a bu while cattle have been going down Pic a pound, and the cattle will be marketed sooner or turned out to grass at the earliest possible moment. It is claimed too that ?y-e "3resent Prlc of con, jt cannot be profitably fed to hogs except where they follow cattle On this theory farmers are expected to market their corn more freely, with the prophesied falling off in the demand for feeding. For these reasons there are bears in corn, though thev are still in a minority, and they predict corn prices will have trouble In struggling higher. nave The Modern Miller says: " The crop outlook fiJL0t.,uUe "O, favorable as it has been for Jon time the powing weather having developed that the plant Fs not Tn as healthy a condltioA as had been expected Rain Is needed In Illinois and far-thrr Vest- " the bright, dry weather and a inds have absorbed the moisture In the wfi , and Southwest th crop Is fullv equal to If not above the average for this season of the year Iri sections east of Illinois, and particularly on th" Ohio and north of the Ohio River, prospects So not improve with growing weather .ami earlier reports of damage are being confirmed " eariur ri "Argentine correspondent of the Northwestern Miller says that great complaint Is made there on account of the Interminable delavs that 1 caused to the loading of vessels in the docks The a,ut,h.rlties appear to have absolutely ifo ia, of ,the .nportance of quick dispatch aSd thousands of pounds are lost every y ar bV flfi trade on account of the delay., and obstacles 5? the present time all the lines at the doiT. ,.A,f and as only two shunts are made a dav on of cars 1 . tions are carried on If this countrr SStS" mi nthr . V " competitor to The fact that are th cost of h'andllnV. --; - ' j ftiuoi US, BHOOMCORS COMIXG FROM HUNGARY "Combine" Price So 1 1 1 u h Importa tions 1 nn He Made at a I'rofit. practically all the broom com tne country is controlled by a combination and that prices are kept steadily in the neighborhood of $200 per ton has induced some of the large users to make importation of broom corn from Hungsrv The first of a lot of 150 tons has Just arrlvei? this market, and Is said to be the first ever brought from abroad. The corn Is yellow instead of n .! Being used for both seed and fibre In the country where grown It is allowed to stand until ripened As there is no duty on the corn the importers sVv they can bring it over In competition with" the trust corn at a profit. Me Demand for nearly all the leading article r farm produce keeps up fairly wei but not ir,I degree to make conditions of pronounced actli? rAnePVhJ"a,fcr more than kP Pace wdlh the demand there being at tlmea more stuff on the mar" ket than can be absorbed, Thi. is &e SfiuSfte potatoes, which broke 102c. Eggs were nt... but butter was weak and lower stesdy-Round lots were quoted as follows: DAIRY PRODUCTS, creamery. Packing storv i-ggs. loss off, cases returned iiu Strictly fresh, new' oases Inc.iouaua. Butter, extra Firsts . . Seconds Dairies, Imitation ery Ladles . . 17018c 15016c etc 16017c- cream- 15016c 14016c Live turkeys, lb .. 70RcI Dressed Geese, doz. . .(5.0006.00! Ducks Dressed turkeys, ,0012c! Geese . . VEGETABLES. Illinois. . crates Cheese. tWtoM 11012c 1 oung Amri-.-a.1 1HK : POULTRY. chlckerisifrii SClle Asparagus. doz.. creen California, box. doz bunches . . .$2.7503.00 Beans, navy, hand- Plcke.l. new $2 10 Medium $2.0502 07 Beets, new. per brl $2.5fi7.l.on $1.50 Carrots. to ier- -....$2 25182.75 La., new. Potatoes, mixed '" vb" my Kings, common to choice ",fffM.v Burbanka. fair tn Beets old hrl i !.vr?i ra u.ku. Piinumk. VJ i,: "S'lf?"" common. - " ' cnoice .... r,d2L ' W, iSZP1 00 i Pre. Poor brl $2.5083.75 (Rural Turnips, new, per Mixed brl ... $2.0002. 75! White Lettuce, head. La. . I Xew notatoei On r- IMKji) PO mH. .--. Kankakee, bxs 40c III sweets "t " Endive, brl $2.1 5003.23 .Spinach TLourtSSa? ax beans. Fla.. brl KLnaMH bu boa .$3.ooA.0A Mushrooms.' lb.' 9& Kale. brl . $1.0001.40 Tomatoes. Fla , Celery. California bskt cases. .2 . 5003.50 ,,doz &Oc0$1.nO Squash. hri.$l .Mlfll 25 Honie-grow-n doz3.j05Oc Green peppers, 6-bas-Parsnips. brl. $1.0001. 25 kets $4 00 Onions, bu. red . .6i065e Kohl-ahi. doz.' "ftr25c wnite 60iikM Oyster plantdoz. 15020c Green onions, 2-3 bu jPaisley La doz 25S35c box 75c'6i$1.25iMichig'an tt&m Brussels sprouts, qt . 18c (Radishes. home-Pieplant. California. I grown, bchs. . .40080c .40,.ibs ....... $2.00 3reen peas. Cal.. Cauliflower. Cal.. I 4-basket crates. .$1.25 FRUITS. Apples, common to I Bananas. bch.Sl OOfil.KO fair, brls. . .$1.7502 00 Cranberries. Jerseys, (Continued on eleventh page.) 1 HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN & C0.'S New Books KNIGHTS IN FUSTIAN By Caroline Brown. Crown 8vo. $1.50. This is a story of the attempt at insurrection in Indiana during the War for the Union. Details of the conspiracy, secret meetings, escapes of loyal spies, and a line love story make a very interesting book, which has also the merit of being in good degree historically accurate. THE QUEEN'S GARDEN By Mrs. M. E. M. Davis, author of " Under the Man-Fig " and " The Wire Cutters." 16mo. $1.25. A romantic story of Xew Orleans, including a yellow-fever episode: a Paul-and-Virginia love affair which prospers as It should; attractive descriptions of scenes in the city, and accounts of sundry tragic experiences, which, however, do not interfere with th right movement and outcome of the story. THE PROSE OF EDWARD ROWLAND SILL With an Introduction comprising some Familiar Letters. 16mo, $1.25. Those who have read Sill's poems will be glad to have this book, which contains Essays on Literary and Educational Topics, charming short papers that appeared In tie Atlantic Contributors" Club, and some letters. The book Is bright, wise, and delightful Sold by all Booksellers. Sent, postpaid, HOUGHTON". MIFFLIN CO.. Bostos 160th Thousand TO HAVE AND TO HOLD By MARY JOHNSTON 8 Illustrations 403 Pages $150 "It has everything which the recent sensational sac-cesses in historical romance have had, and it has style, charm, and 'lift besides." The Critic. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. Boston and New York. THE WORKS OF INGERSOLL, PAINE, VOLTAIRE, t. and all the (Treat Freethouht writers. ker analogue and samoie copy of the Trutn-rpiM dress TRUTH-SEEliEK CO.. 28 W! C Xew Tork. ., i- FORECAST INDIC ATIOXS IIAM Known Movem crease in Dei anil I'robnbl Various Ann tion of Serei cll Sto.-k Ml nooneemt'iitJ indications are jnent from the Nj today. ' ne dicate a gain in d The spct uiam e to ai increase in cart sent out froj said that me kiim ji,.,!, a rain of Shipments of monj were llgnicr uima , past, and the rej merit was a. e" cained $3,851,000 " This tt treasuij- - -ziishursements or premiums on bond Into tne disbursed S2 Vww York banks to the interior $li oi the previous Syy, again-st $1,711 Varlona The American .-I mi nces that twelve months et follows: First quarter Second quarter Third quarter Fourth quarter Total Required to pay dends Surplus for 12 mi It was also SU the sale of pr and passenger cs were $1.1 !,. l. ITlted Slates! Jt did a total huin SI oi $30, 100.000. It compared with $:t,4 preferred dividends, on Thursday, amor. surplus lor tne yoarj plus tm tne nuie Thu Annual rel company as of I efl $!)744 from Mard divldenus oi -n',tx ance at tne enu oi ti Other H The Worcester entered a coinhlnai company, the Petri and the Westerma irg a new corporal! company, it naj. las of New Jel Sl.Wt0.000. The offlc President C. K. H Vice President A., Secretary Ge tecI Treasurer C. M. The three companii aro aniorir the lars tiiis business. It is I fliantea in the mar In the romlunatlon The Western L'nioi terday In the Counts In favor of the Farm of New York covers voted recently. The instrument in Nev there. The bonds Ci'id bonds. They run for fifty years. company s property 1 New York, and at street. Chicago. Th new Issue above ths ti.iies m-ets til.- vi and indebtedness inq Activity in the lo to a few issues. TJ at SBPt and 2f, and! the former flcures. fceUing at li. Mei sold at MPSi and at I cajco jidison sold at The Amenenn Sh clared a dividend ol stoek. payable cm AiJ The Great Northei ciartd the regular . cent on Its preferre stock of record ni Anrll Id and reopen i Tne American Tyi a dividend of SI & hock or record on N. W. Harris & Council liluffs T.. 1U0.0O0 JLima (O.) ri losinJ Cl03lr,K prices on yesterday weie as fo Air Power I amalgamated Copnt American Bicycle .. i-o pia Amsterdam Gas Do pfd ' 1 ' ' M. 1 J . . . . , L-nj pia . . . Chicago and Alton si JJisuninK Company ,1 Do p?d 1 Illinois Electric VehJ international Pump piu .......... National Sa.lt Do pfd vms r.ievator . w.1 kine Powd ViOOUS I uu pro standard Oil Ifonei Forelp-n i. v., inf lowing, fiKures in Chil Actual Commercial Paris francs" Actual Commercial . ." . " .' German marks" Actual Commercial ' '. ." " Salon on Sales on the Chica were as follow 3: American Linseed Amcrifun T t a Artl.-rl.-nn ...... American Strawboal to: 1 Hon Chicago Union Tract ' ao union Tra Metropolitan Elevaf . ,-;,....! 1 .1 ... National Biscuit pfd N r .ri h mi,,,. j, South Side Elevated! MOO Met His.. ISOtm do . aanci ,i 19500 Lake "deb 5s Clearings at the 11 ago were: New York. . Chicago ........ Boston J hiladelphia. At. LoU J, Baltimore luc premium asked. ACTIVE STOcl Wall Street TrJ Ijoadon it 'BY El .W YORK, Ji C were agrai ;eing scored In t felines in those -the feature of t 'ith 1, .. " oi iieari ?5iwaslanet H iV under the 1 Pennsylvania shol Ulil the close. oa. and Man! '"tn were not mount .,1 . - must pa hen lk came in lower, ad stocks for fol -"tnea some voU ao a result I estimated that arl in 6,)'c'00 to ""'.! "-""more an -nd Northern Pat ipit this feature.! ti.nce ofl - 01 traders stocks BSMJSm the adv ar had Went . ; Presentir, It rwnii. j """""" PosiUo win stack . tnoae 1 ;;,"?.. probably . the ,that the pi

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