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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 200 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Dally News Mississippi Valley leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 17, 1954 TWELVE PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FFVB CENTS Reds Warned Against Future Aerial Attacks (/.S. Will Act to Protect Planes On Legitimate Missions MOSCOW.(AP) — The United States warned Russia to day it will be forced to act to protect its planes on legitimat missions unless the Russians take steps to prevent furthe aerial incidents between the two nations. ' • « A note delivered by the U. Embassj' to the Soviet Foreig Ministry asked the Soviet Unio to clamp down on such cases ; the destruction of a U. s. KB photo-mapping bomber by sovie « M • | jet fighters Nov. 7. Jl fm&fu* 4^ff% n Wf% Referring to that incident, whic Ji»fl| PP Oil ••IQ Moscow has blamed on the Amei r *^f* *•** Wii r^t** leans, the note said . .. Sucn ac tion are in flagrant contradiction to re ^% cent statements by high Soviet oi l/fftftfHH\ ficials that the Soviet Union seek I | ^/%l I Q111 to abate international tension." * 15 Miles Out ^__ f. . , .,,. The Soviet government chargei 5/00 MllllOn at the time thal the Amerlcan ~ plane had violated island territor Economic Plan Is Signed U.S./ROK e on Aid SEOUL (AP) — South Korea and the United States today settled their outstanding differences and cleared the way for a 700-million-dollar economic aid program. U. S. Ambassador Ellis O. Briggs and Prime Minister Pyun Yung Tai signed the agreement, formally ending three months of wrangling. The settlement sets forth a broad area of agreement on political, economic and military questions and reiterates the interest of the United States and South Korea in achieving common objectives. The United States agreed to provide South Korea in the next fiscal year 250 million dollars worth of economic aid and 450 million dollars in military assistance. A reliable source said it would be America's largest single aid program for 1955. South Korea agreed to: 1. Encourage private ownership of industrial projects. 2. Establish new procedures for converting dollars at "a realistic exchange rate'* both for use by United States forces and assistance fund officials. 3. Make "efforts to balance its budget and to continue to resist inflation." Aimed at Japan 4. Procure aid supplies "where- ever any non-Communist countries goods of the required quality can, be obtained at the best price." : This presumably ends South K» rea's bitter opposition to buying j from Japan, which once occupied] Gen. John E. Hull. U. N. Par East Commander, and ROK Finance Minister Lee Joong Jae have agreed South Korea will accept repayment of hwan loans to the Allied forces at rates set by the United States. The ROKs have insisted on repayment at 180 hwan to $1, which U.S. officials considered unrealistic. They will be repaid at $1 for 254 hwan for June, July See U.S. on Page 5 of the Russians off the northeas tip of Japan and fired first when Soviet fighters encountered it American spokesmen said the plane was 15 miles out and ha not fired at all. Ten crewmen par achuted safely. The. llth. becarm entangled in his parachute and drowned. (The use.of Sabrejet fighter es corts, which -proved more than a match for Russia's MIGs in Korea is one of the been debated :he protection means which has Washington for of reconnaissance New DeSofo Is Shown Here Today Two new De Solo lines are completely new from bumper to bumper. The '55 version is on display today at Motor Sales Co., here. Longer, lower and wider lines with a new forward look are features of the body designs. Both lines are powered by new . .. hemispherical combustion cham- heart diseases, it was pointed out ad transport plaes assigned to work ay where near the Red orbit) The new American note was sequel to one delivered immediately after the incident. It was this shooting down of an American plane which caused crit- cism in the United States Senate over U.S. Ambassador Charles E. Bohlen's attendance at a Kremlin dinner party the same night. Rejects Soviet Version The new note rejected the Soviet version that the American plane ntruded into Soviet air space and repeated the American version. Significantly, it referred to dispute between Japan and the Soviet Unjon over control of the Habonai Islands. This is the area where the inc dent occurred. "The United States government," the note said, "further shares the deep concern of the Japanese government that the Soviet government not only con- inues illegally to occupy Japanese erritory in the Habonai Islands, but also carries out unprovoked ittack 'on U.S. aircraft lawfully Derating in this region." The note requested the Soviet Union to take disciplinary action against Soviet fliers involved "and all other possible steps to prevent recurrence of such incidents." Osceola Heart Clinic Thursday County Association Is the Sponsor OSCEOLA— A heart clinic sponsored by Mississippi County Heart Association will be conducted tomorrow at Memorial Hospital. The clinic, primarily interested in detecting heart diseases in children at an early stage, will be carried out with the aid of heart specialists from Little Rock and local doctors. The fund raised by the county association is used for and equipment used in but does not extend to paying for hospitalization o! persons with the clinic the tests, ber V-8 engines which have been redesigned. The Fireflite delivers 200 horsepower and the Firedome now delivers 185 horsepower — an Increase of 15 hp. Both are designed to operate on regular gasoline. Fully wrapped-around windshields and color-keyed interiors are other new features. Truck Driver Condition Fair Condition of Cecil Berry, Blytheville bakery truck driver, was reported as "fair" by attendants at Osceola Memorial Hospital this morning. Mr. Berry, driver for Curt's Bakery here, was injured yesterday morning when the truck he was driving struck a train in Osce- 0)3. He is suffering from internal in- jr-ies. by an association spokesman this morning. Anyone desiring to attend the clinic to obtain an examination may do so, thej* said. Additional equipment purchased by the group for use in the clinics include new blood pressure instruments and a new model electro- cardiagrapn to replace the old one at Memorial Hospital. A heart clinic will be conducted in Manila in early December, and one in Blytheville is scheduled for a later date. FFA SWEETlfEART — Peggy Taylor yesterday was named Sweetheart of Blytheville's Future Farmers of America chapter and will represent them in the County FFA Federation contest. She is pictured with Max Haynes, Blytheville chapter president. (Courier News Photo) First Test of Pledges Ike Meets Demo, GOPLeadersToday WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower meets with Democratic and Republican congressional leaders today in the first critical test of postelection pledges of bipartisan cooperation in the new Democratic Congress. — * Related foreign and military policy was the scheduled topic of the Peron Takes New conferenceIntheWhleHouse MeasuresAgainst Catholic Priests Some Clergymen Accused of Opposing Regime; 3 Arrested BUENOS AIRES. Argentina Ml President Juan D. Peron took itrong new measures today against iome Roman Catholic clergymen accused of working against bis egime. With three priests under arrest, he Peronista party's high com- nand directed ail party members o watch and report on any per- ons, especially priests, "who ap- enemies and especially icar hose who rty." try to infiltrate our Vice President Alberto Teissaire, .s chairman of the Peronista Na- ional Committee, signed a party lommuniquc saying the Presi- ient's fight agaiast some priests 5 not a religions question, but ather a problem of "unpatriotic olitical activity promoter! by false Catholics and bad priests." Spiritual Advisors Peron's Education Ministry an- lounced simultaneously it will ppoint spiritual advisors to all hildren in primary nnd high chooLs starting next January. Religion is taught in all Argen- ne schools, but pupils may choose o study ethics instead. The spiritual advisers be ppointed in collaboration with the Eva Peron Foundation, formed by he President's late wife as a ationwide charitable organization, nd the Evita foundation, which dministers Eva Peron's own es- ate for charity. The decision was obviously in- ended as a, new blow at the hurch, which was excluded from ny part of the plan. In Cordoba province, the Catho- c center of Argentina, there were lany .resignations from municipal overnments and from the Ui- ersity of Cordoba. The governor as reported ready to call . a pecial session of the Legislature to purge unfriendly clerical elements from the provincial govern- AFB Convention Set LITTLE ROCK //Pj — The Arkansas Farm Bureau Federation will hold its 20th annual convention here Nov. 21-23. Convention headquarters will be at the Hotel Marion. Cabinet Room. Secretary of State Dulles planned a briefing on world wide developments since Congress adjourned last August. Secretary of Defense Wilson also was to participate. The significant meeting was the first of its kind since the Nov. 2 elections when the Democrats recaptured control of Congress. Knowlam! in Background It was held against the backdrop of a controversial foreign policy speech by Republican Senate Leader Knowland of California and Intermittent outbreaks of "hot war" between Chinese Communists and Nationalista around Formosa. Knowland two days ago called for a searching congressional review of administration foreign and defense policy to determie if "a basic change in the direction of our policy is warranted" In view of what he called "this clear and present danger." He lashed out at talk of "peaceful coexistence" with Russia, terming Soviet feelers In that direction a Trojan horse tactic aimed tit winning time for Russian atomic armament and ultimate Communist victory. Dulles told his news conference yesterday he believes Eisenhower's foreign policy adequately, covert, the present world situation and tha he knows of no emergency requiring an extraordinary review. As for the danger of what Knowland called "nibbling aggression," Dulles said the tree nations, large ]y under American leadership, have strengthened themselves against Soviet pressures and that these measures on the whole have been quite successful. And Elsenhower, speaking yes- erday before a meeting here ol land grant college presidents pleaded for a better understanding between the peoples of the United States and Russia as the only sure way to a lasting peace. The White House also expressed support for Dulles. Wilson got into the debate over "coexistence" yesterday when he told his Pentagon news conference the United States must either hope to get along with Russia or "look forward to a war." "I don't know what you can do, ' he said in response to a question "We both live on the same planet . . . You probably either have to hope that you can or you have to look forward to a war. I personally hope that we can." Wilson said at the same time this country must keep militarily strong and "not tempt someone into believing he can win an easy McCarthy Scorns New Move To Add Third Censure Charge Senate to Go Ahead and Vote WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. McCarthy said today in response to a move to broaden the rebuke proposed for him that he hopes the Senate will promptly "go ahead and vote all the censure they want to." Yesterday Sen. Bennett (R-Utflh) announced that he win put before the Senate a new count based oi a third count against the Senate who called Army Spending Cut CHICAGO (AV-The. Army has re, cluced its spending 34 billion dol- j lars this fiscal year. Army Under' secretary John Slezak said in a speech last night. House Committee May Call Hiss For Questioning When Released Social Season Opens WASHINGTON UP> — The White House winter social season opened last night with U\e first of two state dinners being given by President and Mrs. Eisenhower for the frre'cn '"•"'•"•-•.'jc corps. A second Is planned for tomgbt. WASHINGTON \fi Chairman Velde (R-I11) said today the House Un-American Activities Committee may call Alger Hiss for questioning when the former State Department official is released from prison. Velde said a proposal by Rep. Clardy (R-Mlch) that Hiss be called was brought up in a closed- door meeting of the committee this morning but a decision was postponed until tomorrow. Clardy told reporters he believes Hlfs should be quest'ined about the part be played In "bringing into the State Department Com- munisUs or Communist sympathizers." He added that he thought Hiss also should be questioned about the San Francisco and Valla Conferences in which he participated as a U. S. official. Hiss was convicted in 1950 of perjury—lying when under oath- tor denying that he passed secret State Department documents to Communist agents In the years immediately preceding World War II when be was a department official. He was sentenced to five years In prison but with time off for good conduct is due for release from the Lewisburg, Pa., federal penitentiary on Nov. 27. Hiss has steadfastly denied he save secrets to the Communists. If he Is called before a congressional committee, and again denied it under oath, Hiss would be open to possible new prosecution for perjury on the same evidence used against aim Jo the 18M trial. McCarthy's attack on a speci; bipartisan committee that recom mended nn official rebuke for him He said he didn't know just when he would file this third count. Bennett's announcement followed an emotional appeal from the chairman of the special censure committee. Sen. Watkins (R-Utah) who asked his colleagues whai they were going to do about McCarthy's statement that the Communist party had extended "Its tentacles" into the Senate itself. An indignant Watkins denounced as a "hit-ad-run speech" McCarthy's accusation that the specln* committee had acted as an "unwitting handmaiden" of the Communist party in recommending censure. He said the Senate shoulc make this McCarthy. "H was upon us to perform this duty,' said the 67-year-old Watkins, a man spare in speech and manner. "Therefore I ask what is going to be doue about it? "How can the Senate of the "United States hold up its head among other free deliberative bodies of the world unless it does something- about this matter?" Sen. Bridges (R-NH), temporary president of the Senate, said in an interview Bennett, proposed additional charge will make it "a little more difficult" to try to work out a compromise. Bridges has been active In behind-the-scenes talks aimed at developing some compromise formula on the censure issue. The Watkins committee, composed of three Republicans and three Democrats, recommended unanimously that McCarthy be censured both for his treatment of Zwicker and for what It called iis contemptuous conduct toward a Senate elections subcommittee that probed his finances in 1051-52. One member. Sen. Case (R-SD), has since announced he will not vote for censure on the count in- volvlg Zwicker. Speech Denounced McCarthy, after learning of the additional charge promised by Bennett, said "now they want to censure me because I am defending myself—that is getting so ridiculous it's behond comprehension." "I wish they would go ahead and vote all the censure they want to so I can go back to work," he Jaycees, Kiwanis Plan Yule Party Annual Christmas Treat for Children Will Need Toys Blytheville Junior Chamber of Commerce and Kiwanis Club members began collection of old toys today in preparation for their annual Christmas party for underprivileged children. Jaycee chairman for the party, Chester Caldwell, said today people with old toys nmy Imve them pick- ! ed up by calling Boone Cleaners, j 3-8144 or Blytheville Water Com- j pany, 3-4449. Toys also will be picked up by trucks Saturday afternoon If placed on front steps. These trucks, Mr. Caldwell said, will canvass the entire town. Billy Boone is Kiwanis chairman. Other plans are underway for collection of gifts lor the more than 200 children who annually attend the party at the Jaycee clubroom. These Include exchange of gifts by all High School classes and by the Rotary Club and Kiwanis Club. These toys will be turned over to Jaycees for distribution at the par- Old toys donated lor the party will be repaired, rebuilt and painted by Future Farmers of America members at Blytheville High School. This years' party will be held Friday morning, Dec. 24. added. As Hie Senate met on the issue last week. McCarthy said the American people should recognize that the Communist party "has now extended its tentacles" Ui the U.S. Senate and that "it has made a committee of the senate 1(5 unwitting handmaiden." He went on to say he would demonstrate that the Wntklns committee had "done the work of the Communist party" and that, in writing Us report recommending his censure. It had "imitated Communist methods." McCarthy never delivered the speech to the Senate. He gave advance copies to newsmen and then had it printed In the Congressional Record the next day ns a statement. Referring to tills undelivered speech and noting that McCarthy had called him "cowardly." Watkins sold that If no other senator offered a censure count based on the speech, then "the man who has been called a coward from Utah will do it." Soon thereafter, while Sen. Wcl- ker (R-Idaho ) was making a .speech defending McCarthy and See MCCARTHY on Page 5 Noei Field, Wife Freed; US Asks Whereabouts BUDAPEST, Hungary (AP) — U. S. legation officials formally asked Hungary's Communist government today where American representatives can get in touch with Noel Field and his wife Herta. The government announced earlier it had released the couple from jail after five years 'imprisonment and quashed spy charges against them. .J Nail Field NoNLRB Judgment Until Around Jan. 1 Striking and non-striking employes of the Central Metal Products Company, Inc., plant here may have to wait until the first of the year to find out if they are going to be allowed to conduct "an election to decide whether or not they will unionize. A hearing on a petition for such an election ended yesterday afternoon and V. E. Biirk of Memphis hearing officer said it will tnkc Labor Relations Board in Washington to hand down a ruling. Yesterday's hearing was merely a procedure to obtain evidence to be presented to tbe NLRB iw> to whe- ,her or not a union election at the plant is to bo, allowed. During a recewi at, yesterday's Tearing Mr. Burk told .a reporter it may take three to six weeks for the NLRB to rule on the question alter receiving the trinl records and briefs from comptmy nud union counsels. "Actually, there i.s no way to loll low long it will take the (NLRB> board to rule the mutter,' Mr. Burk said. Three to Six Weeks "However, it generally lakes three a six weeks," he added. And at the climax of yesterday's inuring, Mr, Burk Rave attorneys r or the company and the union un,11 Dec. 3 to file briefs on the matter. Both Parties stated they will file briefs win the NLRB. Ten of the striking mctfil plant workers testified yesterday as witnesses for the Teamsters, Chauffers, Warehousemen nnd Helpers Local Webb, John Cngrion, James Cole, Richard I. Swain, Elmer M. Oooch. Jnhq Boone. William W. Watkins, Leonard Knight nnd Percy Todd, were all questioned as to whether or not they had been Informed at the lime of their employment that they were being hired on a cmporary The majority of them testified trainee basis. that were not Some, however, stated that they wore notified they were being hired on a 180-day probationary period. •'(• # # Labor Charge Filed with NLRB Local Unrest Gives Rise To Investigation V. E. Burk of Memphis, a representative of the National Labor Relations Hoard's 15th di.strict. ycstorday verified reports that an , unfair labor practice charge lias 574 of Cape Glnmleau. Mo., whlcn j bt . cn fl]c(l aRa |,, st central Metal ileci the petition. The ten, Fred a. Hants, w. J. Violations Are Expensive Two bonds were forfeited and onf fine was assessed in Municipal Court this morning on three charges of traffic violations. M. L. Smith was fined $100 and cost and sentenced to 24 hours in jail on a charge of driving while intoxicated while John Page forfeited $111.75 bond on a similar charge ajid Daniel Williams forfeited $19.75 bond on a charge of no drivers license. i Company, Inc.. here. Mr. Burk, who conducted n hearing on :i union election petition here yesterday, told a reporter that the charge has been filed with the NLRB and that he is currently investigating the charge. Mr. Burk was noncommittal as to the nature of the charge but stated that the NLRB "probably would rule on the charge after I have completed my investigation." The charge stemmed from the current labor trouble at the plant. During testimony at yesterday's election heaving it was brought out that Wylie J. Webb, a striking plant employe who testified for the Teamsters and Ch.iuffcfs Local 574, was one of the strikers involved in the filing of the charge. The announcement gave no Indication of the whereabouts of the SQ-yervr-ald former U.S. State Department employe and his German-born wife. Although their release was announced early today, the legation said up to midmornlng it had not received any official notification. U.S. officials said they also received no answer to two notes sent earlier to Hungarian authorities demanding consular interviews with the Fields and their repatriation. To Consider Request The Hungarian Foreign Ministry, however, promised today to consider a request by the small contingent of Western news correspondents in Budapest for aid In contacting the American couple. Noel and Herta were amonj four members of the Field family who vanished a* intervals behind the Iron Curtain in 1949 and 1950. ove>- Budapest radio came only 23 days after Poland's Communist government said , it had freed Hermann Field, Noel's brother. Hermann, a Cleveland architect, had been arrested in Warsaw whilt searching for Noel. He Is still In Poland convalescing in a sanitart* um. The latest announcement left only the fate of Noel's, adopted daughter Mrs. Robert Wallach still unexplained. Mrs. Wallach, the former Erlka Olaser, disappeared In East Berlin Aug. 26, 1950, while scnrchlng lor her foster father. During the intervening years, there was no official indication ot what happened to the Fields, although their names cropped up in various Iron Curtain treason trials. Communist propaganlsts accused Noel of being an "anti-Soviet" American spy and linked him to "Titoi.st" plots in Hungary. Dropped Charges The Hungarian announcement said the Budapest goverment has dropped all spy charges against Noel nnd Herta after a review o! their case indicated they could not bo substantiated. (In the United States, admitted for in c r Communists Whittaker Chambers and Hede Massing have testified that Noel Field was once a member of a Communist nppfirnlus In Washington.) After Poland released Hermann Field. Western observers here anticipated that Noel would be turned loose. But American diplomats said the Hungarian government ignored two notes sent by the U.S. loK»tlon in the last six weeks demanding his freedom. The sources said they received no private hints Hungary Intended to comply. The field mystery began in May 104B, when Noel left his wife in Switzerland nnd went to Prague, Czechoslovakia. He was last hoard from in that city May 12. After ho disappeared, his wife flew to Prague to look for him and she too vanished. Noel's name came up in the sensational trial in October 1949 of Las'lo Rajk, then Hungarian foreign minister. Rajk was accused of shal Tito to hand the country over to "American imperialists." He was hanged. The prosecution at the trial described Noel as an assistant to Allen Dulles (now head of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency) in tha OfUce of Strategic Services—a U.S. clouk-and-dagger organization during World War n — with tbtt job of organising American espionage in Russian-occupied arees of Europe. Inside Today's Courier News . , . Southwest Teams Get Ready for Tough Weekend . . . Lightweight Crown Up for Grabs Tonight . . . One in a Crowd . . . Sports . . . Pages 8 and 3 ... . . . Contradicting the Expert* . . . Editorials . . . Page 1 ... . . . .'cCarthy Censure Session of Senate Not Very Expensive . . . Pane 12 ... . , . Hottest Piece of Real Ei- tate In World: Natfonalfxt-HcM Islands off China Coast . . . Pare 7 ... US Plans to Take Over Training Of South Viet Namese Troops SAIOON, Viet NanvWiGen. J. Lawton Collins announced today that he IE negotiating with the French and Vietnamese for the United States to take over "basic responsibility" for the training of troubled. Communist - threatened Soath Viet Nam's national army. Won't Replace French Collins, President Eisenhower's special ambassador to Viet Nam, quickly added that there were no plans for Immediately replacing the French military officers and moji now training the 250,000-man native Army, which has been equipped largely by the United States. Instead, he explained to his first news conference since arriving in Saigon 10 days ago, an American- advised trallng program similar to l''at mod In Poulh Knrrn. Greece i and Turkey U anticipated. The over-all program had not been finally worked out, he added, and therefore he could not say whether American units ultimately would take over the entire training program. Ely to Hold Command He emphasized that Gen. Paul Ely, French commander In chief in Indochina, who also heads the Viet Nam army, will continue to hold final authority and that his orders will be carried out by the U.S. training mission. Prior to the Geneva armistice agreement, French officials had rebuffed suggestions that the Americans take a hand in training the Vietnamese army. The change in attitude was seen as new evidence of a stepup In American influence Benefit Supper Friday Night A 4-H .benefit supper will be sponsored by the County Council ot Home Demonstration Clubs will be held at the American Legion Hut on North Second Street Friday from 5 to 8 p.m.. It was announced May. Proceeds from the supper will go toward finish paying for the Stats 4-H Club House at the University of Arkansas. Weather ARKANSAS — Partly cloudy a little cooler tonight and In northwest this afternoon. A few showers east portions tonight. Thursday fair and mild. MISSOURI — Increasing cloudiness this afternoon. Partly cloudy tonight with, showers likely southeast and east ccntraj. Thursday partly cloudy east generally fair _ Ihe country since Collins 1 arrlv- : west portion. Showers ending ex- 1 tremc porUoc Xburoday monlog.