Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois on May 5, 1886 · 1
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Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois · 1

Chicago, Illinois
Issue Date:
Wednesday, May 5, 1886
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1 THREE CENTS PER COPY I.tfi.rela' retail Trice of THE TBIBCNE iverywbere. Term to mail subscribers are $8 per Year, S3 per Quarter, and $ 1 per six weeks. The Cheapest Thing in This World, Quality and quantity considered, is THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE, which is delivered by its own carriers, anywhere in Chicago. Six Days in the Week for Fifteen Cents. Address orders to Room 6 Tribune Building VOLUME XL VI. A HELLISH DEED. A DTNAMITK UOMH THROWN INTO A CBOWO OF POLICEMEN. WEDNESDAY, MAY 5, 1886 TEN PAGES. PRICE THREE CENTS. It Expl'"" "' Cover t,,e Street with p,.d and Mutilated Officers A Storm 0f millets Follows The Police Return the Fire and Wound Number of RiotersHarrowing Stones at the Oesplaines Street Station-A Night of Terror. A dynamite bonib thrown into a squad of policemen sent to disperse a mob at the corner of Desplaines and Kandolpb streets last night exploded with terriflc force, killing ana lajunwr nearly fifty men. The loiiowiug is a partial list of the dead and wounded policemen: jiWEPH DEAGAX, West Lake Street Station: dead in front of the Desplaines Street Station. m the arms of Detective jonn .-ticuonaiu. lie had ..;. vltalitv to walk Irora the scene 01 wie f! a (booting to the 9poi inetu ne eiiiiicu. LiEt't- James Stanton, West Lake Street Station shot ln both le" ; not ba'lly hurt Jacob Hansk.n, West Lake Street Station, shot to both tens. Thomas Shannon, Desplaines Street Station, botin foot. 'rg. and arms: married and has three ch,jj,en. Lives at No. t Mather street. John' K. McMahon. West Chicago Avenue, shot int&mli and calf of right lez. Slurried, and has tnree children: lives at No. 118 North Green street. JOHN E. Doyle, Desplaines Street, bomb wounds u Cl?, knee, and back. Married, and has one child; lives at No. lV-'H, Jackson street. Timothy Flavin. itawson Street Station, shot in ips. resits at station, married. John H. Kino. Desplaines Street Station, bomb wour.d in neck, feet, and arms. Jmks Fi rxaETT, Desplaines Street Station, ,hot in the hand. Euwaro Bakkktt, West Chicago Avenue, shot in knee and ankle, has wife and six children, lives ttNo. 297 West Ohio street. j Simons, West Chicago Avenue, shot ln side; wife and t children: lives at No. 241 West Huron itreet. A. C. Keller, Desplaines Street Station, shot in lids: lives at No. 30 Greenwich street. L. J. Mch-fht, Desplaines Street, shot in neck snd band, foot hurt by bomb; married; lives at So. 317 Fulton street. T. Bitterly, West Lake Street, shot ln hand, wife and one child, lives at No. 436 West Twelfth itreet. H. T. Smith. Desplaines Street, shot ln the right inkle, single, lives at No. 30 Keith street. ARTHIB Coni.f.v, Desplaines street, bullet wound in leu and right shoulder, and bomb wound on right leu, maimed; lives at No. 318 West Harrison street. C. Whitney, West Lake Street, wounded in the breast by a bomb, maimed ; lives at No,l 3 South Kobey street. J. H. Wilson, Central detail, wounded by bomb In groin, shot in left hand, wife and five children, lives at No. 810 Austin avenue. J. Nouman, West Lake street, bullet wound in left band, has wife and two children, lives at No. 612 Walnut street. Johs Barrett. Desplaines street, shot in elbow, wound in left side, married, lives at No. iy Erie street. Michael Horxe, Desplaines street, shot in leg. T. Hennessey, West Lake street, wound in head and right thigh, married, lives at No. -'s7 Fulton itreet Jens H. Kino, Desplaines street, shot in leg and bomb-wound in groin. H. N. Kruger, West Chicago avenue, shot in leg; wife and two childreu, No. IS Kumsey street. Charles Fink., West Lake street, bomb wound ln three placvs ln right leg, married, lives at No. 124 Sangamon ttreet. Lewis Johnson, Desplaines street, shot In right '.eg, wife and four children. No. 40 West Erie itreet. A. ITelverson, West North avenue, shot ln both legs, single. C. Johnson. West Chicago avenue, bomb wound In leg, married. 8. Ki.iuzio. West Chicago avenue, bullet wound in left hand, married. No. 158 Cornell street. T. Kbinger, Central detail, shot in hand, wife nd three children. No. 235 Thirty-seventh street. M. O'Brien, Central detail, shot in leg, wife and three children, No. 4t'l Fifth avenue. T. Bhophy, West Luke street, shot ln hand, married. No. 35 Nixon street. T. K. McilAHON, West Chicago avenue, shot in thith and calf, wife and three children, No. 118 Green street. D. IIogan, Central detail. 9hot in right leg, wife and two children. No. 520 Austin avenue. M. Condon, Desplaines street, three bomb onnds in legs, wife and one child. Tster Mccormick, West Chicago Avenue Station, shot in arm, lives at No. 473 West Erie street. Officer Oxeils Hanson of the West North Avenue Station, seven shots. One severe one in right thigh, one in lower part of same limb, one in the back near the lower ribs, one in the left elbow, one in each knee, and one in the left ankle. All of the wounds were ragged and were apparently tired from a shotgun. Drs. J. W. Propeck and A. K. Smith are Inclined to think his wounds are serious bat not necessarily fatal. Officer Joseph of the West Chicago Avenue Station, bullet wounds in the right shoulder and one iu the right leg, neither of which is eriuus. James O'Day of the Desplaines Street Station, shotlnthe knee seriously. He was removed to ill home on Carroll avenue, near Uobey street. An Incendiary Speech. The following circular was distributed yesterday afternoon: ATTENTION. WORKINCMEN! GREAT MASS-MKETIXti Tonight, at 7;:i0 o'clock, A t the BATMARKET. RANDOLPH STREET. BETWEEN' DES-PI.AINKS AND H.M.STEO. Good speakers will be present to denounce the latest atrocious act of the police the shooting of oar fellow-workmen yesterday afternoon. THE KXKtTTtVE COMMITTEE. In response to this about 1,500 people gathered, but a shower dispersed all but tiOO. several speeches had been made of a more or less rabid character when Sam Fielden, the Socialist, put in an appearance. "The Socialists," he said, "are not going to declare war; but I tell you war has been declared upon us: and I ask you to get hold of uything that will help to resist the onslaught 01 the euemy and the usurper. The skirmisb- 'Inea have met. People have been shot. Men, otnen, and ch ildren have not been spared by ruthless minions of private capital. It "d no mercy. So ought you. You are called fcpon to defend yourselves, your lives, your future. What matters it whether you kill Jourselves with work to get a little re- or die the nerenee? Any auimal, however loathsome. "1 resist when stepped upon. Are men less tlln snails or worms? I have some resistance In me. i kD0W ttuu h t Y b ea rbbed. You will be starved into a worse wndition." At ,bi8 Point those on the outskirts of the erowd whispered "Police,- and many of them astened to the corner of Randolph street. or eight companies of police, com-landed by Inspector Bonfield, marcned rPi.y past tno corner Fielden saw thftm - vvnnng and stopped talking. When tbe edge of the crowd Inspector .Oeid said in a loud voice : " In the name of '"w I command you to disperse." The re-s bomb, which exploded us soon as it -ue nrst company of police answered 'to a volley right Into the crowd, who scat-fcred in m directions. .. Hell for a Minute, leidea had just started epeaiin when part on the battle-field resist- enemy? Applause. What is the of the crowd, scenting danger, lert. Numerous detectives mtnledwith the mob surrounding the wagon used aa a speakers' stand. A stifT breeze came up from the north and, aniicipatinpr rain, more of the crowd left, the worst element, however, remaining, in a few minutes the police from the Desplaines Street Station, marching abreast the breadth of Desplaines street, approached. A space of about two feet intervened between each line and they marched silently, so that they were upon the mob almost before tbe latter knew it. The glittering 6tars were no sooner seen than a large bomb was thrown into the midst of the police. The explosion shook the buildings in the vicinity, and played terrible havoc among the police. It demoralized them, and the Anarchists and rioters poured in a shower of bullets before the first action of the police was taken. Then the air overhead the fighting mass was a blaze of flashing fire. At the discharge of the bomb the bystanders on the sidewalk fled for their lives, and numbers were trampled upon in the mad baste of the crowd to get away. The groans of those hit could be heard above the rattle of the revolvers. In two minutes the ground was strewn with wounded men- Then the shots straggled, and shortly alter all was quiet, and the police were masters of the situation. What Another Reporter Saw. Fielden was apparently about winaing up his address when a dark line wa3 seen to form north of Randolph Btreet and In front of the Desplaines Street Station. For some time no attention was paid to it, but it gradually moved north, and the stars and buttons on the uniforms of a squad of policemen were seen glittering. The officers marched three deep, occupying the whole width of the roadway, but leaving the sidewalks clear. Their. forms were plainly visible as 'they approached, for the electric lights in front of the Lyceum Theatre set them off so as to form a good mark for the rioters. As the line approached a cry arose in the crowd: "The police! The police!" and the south end of the crowd began to divide towards the sidewalk and walk south to Randolph street. But the wagon in front of the Crane Bros. Manufacturing Company was not vacated by the speaker and the other "leaders." Fielden continued speaking, raising his voice more and more as the police approached. There was no warning given. The crowd was rapidly dispersing. The police, marching slowly, were in a line with the east and west alley when something like a miniature rocket suddenly rose out of the crowd on the east sidewalk, in a line with the police. It rose about twenty feet in the air, describing a curve, and fell right in the middle of the street and among the marching police. It gave a red glare while in the air. The bomb lay on the ground a few seconds, then a loua explosion occurred, and the crowd took to their heels, scattering in all directions. Immediately after the explosion the police pulled their revolvers and fired on tne crowd. An incessant fire was kept up for nearly two minutes, and at least 250 shots were fired. The air was filled with bullets The crowd ran up the streets and alleys and were fired on by the now thoroughly enraged police. Then a lull followed. Many of the crowd had taken refuge in the halls or en- trances of bouses and in saloons. As the firing ceased they ventured forth, and a few officers opened fire cn thsm. A dozen more shots were fired and then it ceased entirely. The patrol- wagons that bad stopped just south of Ran dolph street were called up, and the work of looking for the dead and wounded began. The police separated into two columns and scoured the block north to Lake street and south to Randolph. When tbe firing had stopped the air was filled with groans and shrieks. "O God! I'm shot," "Please take me home," "Take me to the hospital," and similar entreaties were heard all over within f radius of a block of the field of battle. Men were seen limping into drug-stores and saloons or crawling on their hands, their legs being disabled. Others tottered along the street like drunken men, holding their hands to their heads and calling for help to take them home. The open doorways and saloons in the immediate vicinity were crowded with men. Some jumpea over tables and chairs, barricading themselves behind them; others crouched behind the walls, counters, doorways, and empty barrels. For a few minutes alter the shooting nobody ventured out on the street. The dynamite shell did terrible execution among the police. About one-half of those wounded were picked up In the middle of the street where tne explosion had occurred. The first to receive attention after the crowd was effectually dispersed were the wounded officers. They were taken to tne Desplaines Street Station. Reinforcements of Officers Arrive and Disperse the Mob More Shots Fired. After the explosion crowds of excited people assembled on Desplaines, Washington, and Randolph streets, and, with bated breatti and compressed lips, talked over the wholesale murder committed by the Anarchists. Hardly a man spoke above a whisper, fearing to identify himself either with the Anarchistic fiends or the law-abiding citizens, as an expression either way meant a broken head and perhaps death. The big bell in the police station tower tolled out a riot alarm, while the telegrapher sent dispatches to other stations calling for aid. Ten minutes later patrol wagons were dashing toward the scene of the riot from all directions bringing stalwart policemen. Tho mob shouted w;ldly as the wagons dashed by, and several missiles were thrown, all of which missed the bluecoat3 ou the wagons. The Anarchists slunk back as a large company or policemen on foot marched down Desplaines street, their faces white with determination and their hands on their revolvers ready to shoot to kill at their commanamg officer's order. This company of police marched in front of the station while the dead and dying were being carried in. Several times the mob advanced with wild shouts from the north, but they were kept back as far as Randolph street. The Anarchists, led by two wiry-whiskered foreigners, grew bolder, and made several attempts to renew the attack, but tne police held their ground. The wind-bag orators who had harangued the fire-eaters earlier in the evening were not the leaders after business began, but they slunk away and were out of danger. At 11:30 the police made a grand drive at the mob, which was growing larger instead of diminishing. Blank cartridges were fired from hundreds of revolvers in two volleys, which set the crowd flying in all directions. The police gave chase as far as the Lyceum Theatre. firing again, and the crowd, covering Madison street from curb to curb, did not stop running until Halsted street was passed. This fusillade from the officers practically dispersed the mob, and at 11:45 there were but tew people on the streots near the station. After the rioters had been cleared away Desplaines street looked black and deserted, save where the gas-lampe showed blood on the sidewalks and curbstones. The police had the upper hand at midnight. The only citizen wounded whose name could bo ascertained was Michael Hahn of No. 157 Eagle street, who was shot in the back and leg. He was carried into a hallway at No. 182 west Madison street. where he lay groaning. He was able to walk to the patrol wagon, in which he was carried to the County Hospital. He was probably a rioter, but he claimed to be an unoffending citizen. This will give an idea of the locality in which the tragedy occurred: Lake street Alley' Where the bomb fell Line of Police B. m V Alley Eh JZ S St o S Randolph street The crowd stood in front of the platform. A Harrowing Spectacle. The squad-room at the Desplaines Street Station, after the wounded were carried in, presented a most harrowing spectacle. Half a dozen men from whom the blood literally flowed in streams were stretched upon the floor, others were laid out on tables and benches, and others not so badly wounded were placed in chairs to await with what patience they could the assistance of the surgeons. Mattresses and other bedding were dragged down-stairs, and dozens of willing hands did their utmost to assuage the pain of the sufferers. Very soon the doctors were busy with needle, laneet, and probe; priests passed from one wounded man to another, administering brief consolatory words to some and the sacrament of extreme unction toothers; officers and volunteer assistants went around with stimulants, or helped to bind up wounds, or held the . patient down while the surgeon was at work, or carried some of the wounded to the other apart ments, or in some other way did what could be done to help in easing pain or saving life. Pools of blood formed on the floor, and was trampled about until almost every foot of space was red and slippery. The groans of the dying men arose above the heavy shuffling of feet, and to add to tbe agony the cries of women relatives of officers supposed to have been wounded could be heard from an outer room, beyond which the women were not permitted to enter. Men who bad only got a foot or an arm wounded. even though the blood poured from it in streams, sat still, claiming no help in the face of the greater agony. "O.Christ! let me die!" "O, merciful God!" and similar expressions were continually rung forth as the surgeon's knife or saw was at work or when attempts were made to move those more badly wounded. The priests in attendance were Fathers Kearns, Moloney, Kinsella, Hickey, and Walsh, all from St. Patrick's, and Father Byrne from St, Jariath's. The sacrament of extreme unction was administered to eight of the wounded before they were moved from the spot where they had been first laid. The thirty beds on tlie upper floor were not sufficient for even the accommodation of the more severely wounded, and several beds bad to be made up on the floor". The scene here was as painful as that seen pre- viously on the floor below. The doctors were busy dressing wounds until almost 1 a. m., and it was past midnight before the priests were ready to leave. Basins of blood were seen at nearly every bedside, and great clots and blotches bespattered the floor, the bed clothing, and the clothing of those at work as well as of the wounded. Every few minutes, it seemed, a new sufferer was helped into the room, leaning ou the shoulders of bis brother officeis, these later-coiners being those who had been slightly wounded, comparatively speaking, and who had rested wherever they could until their brothers were at tended to. Two oflicsrs were ob served bandaging up their own wounds Peter McCortnick and Michael Gordon, the former wounded in the arm and the latter writhing with a fractured foot but never a moan came lrotn either, each doing what he could for himself until somebody vol unteered to help. It seems invidious to select names in this manner where so much heroism was displayed in fact, to obtain the names of the more heroic was impossible in the excitement and where each hero was per haps in the agonies of death. Among the doctors who were promptly on the ground and rendered efficient service were the following: Drs. O. T. Sbenick, George W Reynolds, D. D. Moran, J. C. Bryan, J. M. Fleming, J. J. Davis, C. A. Stewart, Murphy, Kerber, and Lee. One of the most painful scenes witnessed at the station was tbe arrival of women relatives of injured officers, who raised a most pitirul wail of anguish as soon as they entered the door. This was not a time for sentiment, however; it would not do for the wounded men to have wailing women around them, and consequently the females were firmly ana not un-gently excluded from the rooms where the sufferers lay, though the stalwart officers who pushed them back did so with tears in their eyes. About twenty minutes to 1 Nurses Scott, Sheldon, Bushnell, Lock, and Ricks of the Illinois Training-School for Nurses arrived at the station with Capt. McGarigle. They at once offered their services to dress the wounds. Their services were gratefully accepted by the doctors and their tender nursing deeply appreciated by the sufferers. The Wounded Rioters and Citizens A Dead Bohemian. Below stairs at the station was the resting place of the wounded rioters and citizens the police had brought in. In the centre of the room lay the dead body of a Bohemian. A shot had entered his body in the small of the back and bad gone clear through him, protruding under the skin. Scattered about juct as they were btought in were a dozen men more or less seriously wounded, and waiting for medical attendance. One poor fellow with a flesh-wound in the leg kept up a continuous moaning and screaming, but the remainder were us quiet as the death which was settling down upon not a few of the number. Several were unaole to give their names and occupations fully, but the list ran about as follows: Robert SCHULTS, No. 88 Harrison street, waiter at No. 105 Ashland avenue, just coming from the Lyceum; shot in the leg. John Sachman, No. 103 South Desplaines street: was lounging along Randolph street when he was shot in the leg. Franz Wrosch, residence in the cheap lodging- houses. " I just stopped and listened," he groaned, " and then the Ore came to my shoulder and sides." He will probably die. Not a Socialist. Charles Schumaker, No. 19 Fry street; was with two friends. They ran away and he was shot in the back. It is doubtful if be will recover. Lotz, keeper of a small shoe shop at No. 25 North Halsted street; when he got through work he went out to hear tne speeches and was shot in the shoulder. John Eiibu.vd, a carriagemaker at No. 1138 Mil waukee avenue; clubbed in the head. Pkter Lev, No. 53G West Huron street; shot in the back. Joe KrCKER, a hanger-on around West Side "barrel-houses" and boarding at No. 116 Randolph street; shot in the side. B. LE Plant. Earl Park, Ind.: "I bought some peanuts and was eating them when the bomb went off," he said; "then a shot broke my leg and I fell. In a second a shot went into my shoulder and a policeman kicked me." Fkanz Kadereit, a member of the Central La- lor L'nion and residing at the corner of Mobawk street and North avenue, wounded on the head and right shoulder by a policeman's club. Thomas Haha of No. 157 Eagle street, was shot in the back and leg. He was carried into hallway at No. 182 West Madison street, where he lay groaning. He tat able to waik to the patrol wagon, in which he was carried to the County Hospital. He was probably a rioter, but he claimed to be an unoffending citizen. In a search of the dead Bohemian but 12 cents was found upon him. Not a trace of a name could be found. He was apparently about 33 years of age. Wounded Men Seeking the Drug-Stores. Every drug-store in the vicinity was crowded immediately with citizens who had received more or less serious injuries. In John Hie- land's drug-store, at the corner of Desplaines and Madison streets, over a dozen men were carried by their friends, their wounds dressed. and then they were taken homo. Their names are entirely unknown to any one except their friends. At Ebert's drug store at corner of Halsted and Madison, a man who said he was in the employ of the Chicago Sand & Gravel Company 6taggered in, and it was found that he had a bullet In his left breast, just below the nipple, in close vicinity to the heart, and also a bullet in his right ; leg. He was taken homo by a friend. Five other men had bullets extracted from arms and legs at this place by Drs. Sbenick, Stewart, and Minte. One man had a serious bullet-wound in his neck. Three men suffering from bullet-wound9 were cared for at Barker's drug store, No. 230 West Madison street, and three others who had slighter injuries. Michael Hahn of No. 25" Eagle street was found by a physician sitting on a stairway near Halsted and Madison streets taint with loss of blood from two wounds. He was taken home. It was a common spectacle to see men having their wounds dressed on the sidewalk. The street-cars going in every direction con tained men who had been wounaed but were still strong enough to help themselves away. Clearing the Streets. The feeling among the police when they fully realized the extent, of the calamity which had befallen their comrades rose to a frenzy, and nothing but the discipline among them and the presence of Inspector Bon- field, who was one of the very few cool men in the station, prevented their rushing out and taking summary venge ance upon the crowds of loiterers on the side walks who jeered the flying patrol wagons as they passed filled with officers on the way to the scene of the disaster. The cruel heartlesness of the men who exulted over the fact that more than a score of policemen had fallen victims to the deadly Nihilist bomb sur passes belief, and yet it is a fact that, crowded along the sidewalks on both sides of Des plaines street from Madisou street to the sta tion, there were hundreds of Communistic sym pathizers who exulted in the fiendish work which had been perpetrated but a few moments before. " Served the damned cop pers right," exclaimed a brutal looking hood lum in front of the Lyceum Theatre, and the next moment he was running for dear life in front of a company of police which came charging down Desplaines street toward Madison brandishing their batons and firing their revolvers in the air. It would have gone hard with any man who should have dtred give utterance to such a sentiment as this in the presence of an officer; he would have been killed without a word. As the police by companies swept the streets adjacent to the Desplaines Station the mob gave way sullenly and with the worst'grace possible, but there was no help tor it. Goaded to madness the police were in that condition of mind which permitted of no resistance, and in a measure they were as dangerous as any mob of Communists, for they were blinded by passion and unable to distinguish between tne peaceable citizen and the Nihilist assasin. But then at such a time honest men had no business on the streets: their places were at home, and the police took it for granted that no man, unless he bad had work on hand, would be banging around the vicinity. For squares from the Desplaines Station companies and squads of officers cleared the streets and mercilesly clubbed all who demurred at the order to go. Scenes Before and After the Explosion Men with Revolvers. The most enthusiastic of the crowd were Germans. There was also a large number of Poles and Bohemians, besides some American-looking people who came to look on and detectives who had on old clothes. Groups of Germans were discussing the anticipated trouble. Three of these fallows stood right behind the reyorter, and he heard their conversation, which they kept up in a not very low tone, although Parsons was talking. "Our people don't know anything," one of them said. "They always shoot in the air when they ought to shoot low. By shooting high taey don't hit anybody and often kill one of their own crowd. 1 have trained in crowds where they knew a thing or two, and our leaders always advised them to aim low." "And then, again," said the second, "they don't stick together. Haven't Parsons, Soies, and all those fellows told us to stick together? There is where our strength lies." Several men had their revolvers in their bands under their coats and were prepared for an attack. These drifted around to the north ern end of the crowd, where the street was much darker. The windows of the brick building on the northeastern corner of Ran dolph and Desplaines streets were filled with the beads and faces of men and women. One of the wounded officers said he saw the bomb come from one of these windows. Officer Marx said he saw th0 bomb come from the wagon in which the speakers stood. W ben the first shots were fired most of the crowd scattered east and west on Randolph street. The bullets followed the fleeing ones., and many of them dropped on the way before they got out of danger. Quite a number of them ran up towards Halsted street, and when they had nearly reached it the leader pulled out a huge revolver. He was apparently the same man whom the reporter had heard telling the other two that to stick together was the main thing. "Stick together," he cried. "Come here and let us go and shoot them." They start ed towards Desplaines street on a trot, but had only gone a short distance when several shots were fired on the battle-ground. They turned around and disappeared towards the street from where they had just come. A number of women were also seen in the crowd, and several scampered screaming down Randolph 6treet. Men were 6een falling 500 and 600 feet up Randolph street, west of Desplaines. Hats were lost, and several, stooping to pick uo something they had dropped, were trampled on by the mad mob. In tne neighboring stores everything was confusion. Men in their haste to get away from the bullets broke open the doors of the stores and entered, biding iu the first convenient place they could hod. The proprietors struck at tne intruders clubs and threatened them with pistols, but they pushed past these and entered. No More Free Speech and Dynamite. Mayor Harrison, in the inner fringe of a crowd which numbered Chief Ebersold, Inspector Bonfield, and Capt. Ward, was leaning on the iron railing leading up to the office of the Desplaines Street Station at midnight. His head was bowed and his face bore a grave and abstracted expression, although he was laconically taking part in the conversation going on. A Tribune reporter with a question aroused him sufficiently to induce him to change his position and move a step or two away. Not wishing to annoy him with any questions that answered themselves, the reporter plumped this: "Mr. Mayor, in view of the terrible facts of the night is the city prepared to meet any expected or possible emergencies?" " Yes, we are ready for any probable or possible criminal outbreaks." " This murderous move of tho Socialists was not anticipated?" " Not dreamt of. Free speech is a right, but accompanied with murder and dynamite is a crime to be suppressed at all hazards." " Can the city keep down this Socialistic element that planned the horrors of a while ago?" " Yes, and more than that, now that it is plainly and fully warned, it will." " What steps have you concluded to take?" " No new ones are necessary. The laws are sufficient and they must be obeyed." Then you have no intention to call on the State militia?" "Why should I? This thing Is already sup pressed." "No probability of another similar move on the part of tho Socialistic crowd?" "I think not. The Government of the city will andjis able to take care of its people." From the first the Mayor was restive, and finally and with a chagrined air moved away. The Detectives After Spies and the Other Communist Leaders. Many oaths were sworn by officers, as they gathered around their writhing comrades in the souad-room of the station and minis tered to their wants, that they would give Sam Fielden, Spies, Parsons, and the rest of the Communistic outfit a short shrift if they managed to lay their hands upon them. "These men should have been hanged or driven out of town at the time of the street-car strike," said one, "and then this thing never would have happened. They have been preaching dynamite for years, and now they have given us a practical application of it. The way to do now is to kill these scoundrels whenever we meet them. We won't fooi witn them any more." The celerity with which the leaders of tho dynamite movement got out of the way as soon as the explosion occurred was little short of marvelous, and this fact led many to believe that they had knowledge of what was to be done, and therefore took occasion to escape rhn conseouences they knew would follow. As soon as the superior po lice officers could collect their wits orders were at once issued for the arrest of the dynamite orators, and they there fore will be behind the bars 3 soon as the de tectives can get bold of them. Some said that mob violence would be attempted when the Socialists are placed under arrest, and it Is also a fact that the police do not at present feel as if they would make any very determined effort to save them from Judge Lynch. It is not believed that the Communistic leaders wili dare trust themselves in the city: they are notorious cowards and always take good care to see that their own skins are safe, no matter how many other lives they may lure to destruction. This crowning outrage will influence public sentiment and cause the people generally to wake to a realizing sense of the true situation. Mayor Harrison was at the Desplaines Street Station for quite awhile la6C night, but he said nothing as to whether or not Communistic meetings will be allowed in the future. He was very grave, and as be walked around among the wounded his face wore a pallor not unlike marble. It may be safe to say that from this time lorward there will be no Socialistic meetings held Sunday afternoons on the Lake-Front. If the police don't disperse them the people will. Chief Ebersold. Chief Ebersold when interviewed was as suave as usual, but not disposed to talk. He said that his force was ready for any present contingencies that could possibly arise, and that the police needed no help to crush and quiet Socialism and the red flag. He had no intention of calling for or suggesting aid from the State Government or militia. His police force were brave and devoted to the cny-, and he and they had faith that they could guard it against all criminals and organized unlawful uprisings. " Do you intend to prosecute tho men who by speech incited tno terrible work of tonight?" " Yes, we will pursue them," and he uttered this with an emphasis not customary wfth him. There was something like hate as well as purpose in the tone, and he walked away rather to avoid further questions than to give instruc tions. Lieut. Bowler's Statement. Lieut. Bowler, who was in charge of the second company of twenty-four men, said to the reporter: "Everyman in my company is wounded. with but three exceptions. I led the company up to the wagon from which the speeches were being made. Inspector Bonfield and Cant. Ward were immediately in front of me. Capt. Ward told the speakers they would have to stop, as he had orders to disperse the meeting. As he finished speaking a Domb was thrown from the wagon and fell directly in tne centre of my company, where it exploded." "Are you positive the bomb was thrown from that wagon?" ' Yes, I am. I could make no mistake about it, for I saw it thrown. Officers Reid and Doyle were knocked down by it. Bonfield, Ward, and myself were the only three to escape. Every one behind me wa3 wounded just mowed down." Inspector Bonfield. Police Inspector Bonfield was next button holed, with difficulty. His resolution and thoughtf ulness as well as the authority known to be vested in him made him always a centre for his subordinates. The questions asked him bad-to be few and pertinent. " Had you any intimation or warning that such a terrible crime was to bo committed?" " Not exactly, though I heard in . the afternoon, by means not necessary to mention, that the Communists were bent on mis chief. Their plan was to make a diversion by a meeting in the southwest side, at Centre avenue and Eighteenth street, and while the police were expected to be gathered near there, their real determined body was to attack the Milwaukee & St. Paul freight-houses, where 150 men brought from the outside were under presumed safety." "But they did not in that point succeed?" "No, we foiled them. They held their meeting in the southwest, and a sufficient number of men were sent there to look out for any movements tbey might make. But anticipating a hellish intent underlying the hayniarket meeting wo had massed most of our force at the Desplaines Street Station. I also had a number of officers in citizens' clothes detailed to attend the meeting and report to me regularly of Its progress and character. More than one of these men came and said that the manner of the meeting and tone of the speeches were 6uch as to urge immediate action for the dispersal of the garnering. I said, "No, let it be beyond all question that the law is broken before we move." Finally the speakers urged riot and slaughter; they should have, thoy said, revenge before morn ing for yesterday's doings at McCormick's, and revenge on the aristocrats and capitalists for their oppression of the people. They urged all laboring men to arm themselves and not delay the hour of vengeance. I then thought it was time to act and formed the police held in the station in reserve into four companies and, taking them through the side door, marched them in columns up to Randolph street, to where the speaking was going on Capt. Ward and myself were in front. and as we reached the wagon. where a man was speaking, Capt. Ward stepped to the front and said: ' Tn the name of the State of Illinois 1 command you peaceably todisperse,' and, turning slightly to each side, he added, 'and I call upon you, and you, to assist.' The crowd gave way and took possession of the sidewalks. Immediately I heard a whizzing in the air above and behind mo and then a tremendous explosion. Almost instantly a fusillade of pistol-shots from the sidewalks followed. I ordered the men who were commencing to break to form and then we opened fire." Inspector Bonfield, iike the Mayor and the Chief, thinks the police force is able to meet of itself any possible dev iltry that the Socialists dare plan or try to execute. The Meeting Speeches of Spies, Parsons, and Fielden. Crowds began to gather all over Hay-Market Square as early as 7:30. At the corners of Despiaines, L'nion, and Halsted streets the men stood together and talked over the situation. Some said they had been told the revolution would be started that night. There were many members of the Lehr-und-Wehr Vvtrein, tbe Socialistic liifle Union, among the crowds, so some who kuew them said. There was some uncertainty as to tbe precise place where tbe meeting was going to be held. An Auarehist informed a Tribune reporter that the International Working-People's Association bad to do with the matter. Tho ArbeiUr-Zeituwj had not issued the call, but had taken the advertisement from some unknown persons. Nevertheless, their speakers were there in full force. About 8:30 speakers were called for, and August Spies asceuded a wagon that was standing on Desplaines street dose to the sidewalk in front of the Crane Bros, establishment, Just north ot the east and west alley. He called tha crowd of about 1,500 together and told them that Parsons and Fielden would soon tie there to address them. He jumped eff the wagroa and went round the square, bringing the men together towards the improvised plat form, while somebody went after Parsons, A little before 9 o'clock Spies again called the meeting to order and beijaoi h"s address. The majority of the crowd wera foreigners. Some had to have the words ot the speaker interpreted to them by their friends. Among tbe well-known Anarchist! present were Michael Schwab, B. Rau, and 9 man named Schnaubelt. Mayor Harrison was on the ground early, and walked up and down the square. He was asked if he was going to speak, and replied: "No; and no one else eitner." He walked over to the stand, and then went to the Desplaines Street Station. About 300 policemen had been quartered there and in tbe neighborhood to be icady lor aa emergency, it was stated that there would bo no interference so long as the usual labor talk was indulged in, but nothing revolutionary would be tolerated in view ot tbe present excited condition of the strikers. Spies' Inflammatory Harangue. August Spies, the first speaker, was remark ably mild. He said the meeting was called ta discuss the general situation, not for the purpose of raising a row or disturbance. All vio lence was the outgrowth of their degraded condition and the oppression to which thoy were subjected. He addressed a meeting in the neighborhood of McCormicn's Monday. Hl3 hearers were good church-going people. Thsjr didn't want to hear him because he was a Socialist, but spoke to them and told them to 6tick together. Some stones wore thrown a harmless sport. The police came and blood was shed. It was said that he inspired tho at tack on McCormick's. That was a lie. Tiia fight was going on. Now was the chance to strike for the existence of an oppressed class. Oppressors wanted them to be content; if not. they would kill them. The thought of liberty which inspired your sires to fight for their freedom ought to animate you today. The day was not far distant when thoy wouid resort tr hanging these men. Applause and cries of Hang them now!" McCormick was tbe man who created tho row Monday, and he must be held responsible for tho minder of their brothers. Cries of " Hang him!" "Don't mako any threats," said Spies; " they are of no avail. Whenever you get ready to do something do It, and don't make any threats beforehand." Applause. There were in the city today between 40,000 and 50,000 men locked out because they refused to obey th supreme will or dictation. of a small number of men. The families of 25.000 or 30,000 men were starviug because their huband3 and fathers are not men enough to wrtbstaud and resist the dictation of a few thieves on a grand scale. LApplause. Should it be out of the power of a few men to say whether they should work or not? Would thoy place their lives, their happiness, everything out of tho arbitrary power of a few rascals who had been raised in idleness and luxury upon the fruits of labor? Applause. Would they stand that? Cries of " No." Tho press said tbey were Bohemians, Poles, Russians, Germnns that there were no Americans Linong rhotn. That was a lie. Every honest American wus with them. Applause. Those who were not were unworthy of their traditions end their forefathers. Applause. Parsons Is More Moderate than Usnai. A. It. Parsons was next introduced, and re peated bis old, old story, claiming that labor was deprived of its natural right to live, and that the only hope of the worklngman was ia Socialism. Without it tbey would soon beoome Chinamen. Arplause. It was time to ra se a note of warning. There was nothing in tha eight-hour movement to excite the capitalist. Did bis hearers know that the military wera under arms, and the Gatllng gun was loaded and ready to mow them down Applause. I Was this Germany, or Russia, or Spain? A voice, " It looks like it." When ever they made a demand tor eight hours or an increase of pay the militia, and the Deputy Sheriffs, and Pinkerton's men were called out, and they were 6hot, and clubbed, and murdered in the streets. Applause. Ha was not there for the ?jurpose of inciting anybody, but to speak the truth, to tell the facta as they existed, even though it should cost him his life before morning. Cheers. Ha told about the Cincinnati demonstration, which was beaded by tho Ritlo L'nion, carrying teprlngfleld rifles, "and the red flag of liberty, fraternity, and equality for labor all over tho world the red flag of emancipated labor." Applause. He denounced patriotism as a humbug. "It behooves you," he said, "as you love your wifa and children, if you would not see them perish, with hunger, killed or cut down like dogs in tho street, American men, in the interest of liberty and your independence, to arm. to AR3f yourselves. LApplause, and cries of "We wili doit!" and "We aro ready now!" They were not- As ths civilization was founded uuon force, only by force could they attain re lief. LApplause. Sam Fielden Talkn to the Crowd. Sam Fielden began by saying that thera were premonitions of danger. All knew It. The press said the Anarchists would sneak away. They were not going to. Applause. If they continued to be robbed it wouldn't oe long before tbey would be murdered. There was no security lor the working classes under tbe present social system. A few individuals controlled the tnans of living, and. they held tho worklngman in a vice. Everybody doesn't know that, 'i hose ho knew it were tired ot it, and know the others would get tired ot it too. Thy were determined to end It, and would end it, and there was no power in the land that couM prevent them. Applause. Congressman Foran had said the laborer cou-d get nothing from legislation. Applause. He also sitid that the laborers co-Id get some relief from their present condition when the rich man knew it was unsafe for turn to live in a commuuity where tsere were dissatisfied workmen; that that would solve Uuo labor problem. Applatiso.l The siKjaker didn't know whether they were Democrats or Republicans, but whichever they were they worshiped at tho shrino of rebels. John Brown, Jefferson, Washington. I'atrick Henry, Hopkins said to the people, the lw is your enemy; we are rebels against it. The law is only framed tor those that are your enslaver. ."That's true." Men in their blind rage attacked McCormick's factory, and were shot dow n ln cold blood y tho law applausej of the City of Chicago in the protection of property. Those men were going to do some damage to a certain jiersou's interests, who was a large property-owner. Therefore tbe law came to his defense. And wheu McCormick undertook to do some injury to tne interests of those who had no property tho law also came to his defense, and not to tho wcmiiigmau's defense when he (McCormick) attacked him and bis living. Cries of " No." Ther was tha dfference. The law made no distinctions. A million men own all the property in this country. The law is ot no use to tho other 54.000,000. I" Rignt enough." You. have nothing more to do with tne law except to lay hands upon it and throttle it until It make3 its last kick. lApplause. it baa it ; I H H F 11 5 It f3t 0 I- I;

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