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The Cincinnati Enquirer from Cincinnati, Ohio • Page 11

Cincinnati, Ohio
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for a 36Day Ycar Henry Dalzlel and Mr. Robert Harcourt. a sfsTf A 3 OATS: 2tl frZO) OAY5 fS 0 MAY JUNE JULY AM iP OCT 3 3 '3 30 3 HOV DEC an ora If MM i' 'B tx a. if'" fo-r f'l Boston a'r. States In f-; jrc lie a mucn au-I tre-t j-i-j: f- jm the Amer- to-naj.

ana ne win hi re a swarthy man ta individual of -rt. j-'O-t! Prof. of the Ttn- inlernatlonal i p.trav is n' many opinions if r. a to the sorfc ot e.Titually develop jp: ni races Drousiii 13 rrafi'ir. rtm all nsrrttfof some scientists that' not only will t-ar.

b'omp extremely dark. a iv take on character--r N'-' Amerlcaa of upon the of the individual fcn-y or. an has been Pr f. K. Jenks.

of who draw-s a-f of Scandl- i aid's in Northwest, but rational ten- Tt.r; -a by two factors, en- PCcl of new blood 5cth fa t-j at work now pfer, fs-i-rtie blondo. isxic-atirf from Southern Ie have the ft Tbr ir.evitahlv he an in. strain in the blonde. havp will Hp. extent to which the e.

Wt ai.i prej.lice will gradu- fe'-! I believe, and cst-onc factor In the inter im injection of new r-icriroEmnt alone should pro- to Indian of the future. Prof. "i autiiTity on North fc iiui itie con- t. is the Indian ti.S:r.s -k of the Indian. l-e: What is is oiie? I think i I- vat there is no trr-v.

ar. frlr i ne Indian oT the ifeiniri III of Down Ttxds the Indians an THE tNT AXD THE J53 GOVERNMENT HAS 'Illuimted i n.ei.t itu been j. --ra! the calendar. car reform- bill brought pn'pcwes that each parts; that irA Trn: leap year me oaa Hesmning in 1912. -I! a I'd'.

P. Aiwrt bpicer, air Hmerican of KH BE A SWARTHY MAN DISAPPEAR. i Cbc future AND THE BLONDE TYPE WILL ara almost black, while the Apaches are Try dark. "Then, as to the shape of the beads and oses. we find groups of Indians with 'big heads and other groups with small heads and- some groups with the largo Roman nose while other groups have small noses.

Therefore, the long existence of the Indian in this continent did not suffice to produce one general type. 89, to say the least, it hardly seems possible to consider that the white races now mingling here will develop Into an Indian type. "I think. However, that the. people of this country will gradually grow darker, and though the result will not be copper colored or Indian type, it will be much darker than the average to-day.

This development will not be shown for many, many generations, and wHI Urst make itr self felt Jn the cities. "One reason for this Is that the southern Europeans and the Hebrews settle, as a rule, in the cities, wnlje the Northern Europeans, the blonds, make for the open country In more cases. "As Prof- Jenks has pointed out. the Northwest seems to appeal strongly to the Scandinavians, and therefore we find in Minnesota, Wisconsin and Michigan a large percentage of blonds. Similar conditions could be observed, elsewhere in rural communities, while in the cities the dark type comes more strongly into evidence.

"In the cities, the peop from the different countries of Europe that come here are thrown into closer relations. The prejudices and antipathies that have existed for generations are forgotten here, at least by the second generation born on American soil. "Probably, as a rule, the members of the first generation to arrive here retain their old suspicion of folk who. in Europe, were of another nation that might have been a so-called hereditary enemy of their own nation. Here, when the younger generation grow up as American citizens, these affairs are forgotten, and so we find the younger generation of one race intermarrying with those of other races.

"It is natural enough that owing to the crowded conditions of life In the cities, this acquaintance and Intermarriage should occur in the cities more rapidly than In the country. With the large number of dark-skinned persons from Southern Europe who settle in the cities, we find there the evidence of the general darkening of the American who is decend-ed from Intermarriages of blonds and brunettes. the races hare kept apart In Europe and have retained their distinct racial characteristics and that they are so rapidly Intermarrying this country may be due in one sense to the fact that here they come to use a common language. "But before the change In appearance of the average American will be sufficiently threat to cause the entire nation to be classesd as dark, very many generations must pass, how many It impossible to say at present." -ww- Row prohibition Works. SYSTEM IN MAINE THAT IS IN A CLASS BY I Nw Tork Pre.

lift ItV 1itl, el the -'mniercial trav- 'ttifj -t parts of this hi; git thing New Tork in x. aijU LUC 1 hi -'C5p TH to tell us 1 i. jn 1 '''Jr lr'p tnt yu 'Wa''1 0VfT NW -'ork" said me inure, anil then come anything the cosmopolitan Politics. They var efifs of ou-li'e Li gisiature to burn down the ')IU thev'vo trnt "nn that are 1 -tJndpoint of of i heirs, for "iitvibuteg to "iimiy. and they i to make it weeks in OCT.

JO PROPOSED CALENDARS. SCHEME TO CHANGE THE PRES- London Ntwi. Invited by the Swiss Government to take Conference on the subject of fixing Easter Meantime there is before the House of in by Mr. Robert Pearce, of daylight year shall have 364 days, and shall be ew-Year-s Day shall be a bank holiday and aay snail not be counted, and shall be April" 14 would always be Easter Sunday; VTA.n 1 i nuiiuaj, kiiu bu. un.

i lie oiii is supponeu Portland, you know, because it Is a good deal more comfortable to stay there and make trips out to the other teVns and come back than it la to face a long swing around the country, where all you find on the table for breakfast is buckwheat cakes and Icicles and the snow is up to your hips from December to March. "That being the city where the game is played most continuously, I became acquainted with some ot the moves. TBere is that law they have for the enforcement of prohibition, for instance, the law some of them are trying to get rid of and the rest of them trying to retain. That is one of the most entertaining little ideas that a politician ever Invented to beguile dull moments. That little law provides that the Governor can send as many pr as few Deputy Sheriffs Into any part of the state as he chooses, and keep them there so long as he chooses, to enforce compliance with the prohibition law, and the jo" of the thing la that the community where ne mds them has to foot the bill ror their expenses and salaries.

"I struck Portland about the time when he was keeping the Deputies busy there. He not only had sent the whole regular squad, but had increased the corps in order that vB occasion might be full of en THIS JfJNUlKEK, 's -V joyment to the eitisens who had -to pay the bills. The liquor dealers, for there are liquor dealers in that state, althougb some folk think otherwise, saw what they were, up against and they organised a JH-the corps to watch the Deputies while the Deputies were watching them. Some of them had been in the business a good many years, and they couldn't afford to shut up shop and lose aa established trade. Some of these chaps have been selling booze for 30 or 40 year.

The liquor dealers mounted thetr squad on bicycles, and you would have laughed if you could have seen the Governor's Deputies walking down the street on their business of catching liquor sellers with a chap on a bicycle loafing along Just ahead and another Just behind them. "The minute the Deputies turned into a street where there was a barroom one ot the bicycle chaps spurted ahead and gave the alarm. Consequently when the arms of the law arrived there wasn't any liquor In sight for them to seise, and half the time the place would be closed up tight. One of the liquor men told me he had so much exercise putting his bottles away and taking them out again that bia muscular development was remarkable, and he was thinking of starting a school of physical cultuie. The Deputies found that sort of thing rather wearing after a white, for a Deputy does not feel he is really providing the type of entertainment demanded unless he makes a selsure of the contraband goods once In a while.

So one of the brightest of the lot suggests! a aeries of raids on the druggists. Of course, there are druggists that sell whisky and brandy without a prescrfption. but there are a good many that do a straight business. They all count, though, when it comes to making records, and the Deputies proceeded to have fun with them all indiscriminately. "A chap I met got me to go to the courtroom one morning to look over the daily grist.

The Deputies had 18 nice, respectable, prosperous drugstore proprietors lined up at the bar of justice along with four drunk and disorderlies and two keepers of disreputable houses. When I considered that those 13 druggists were all property owners and taxpayers and that they would have to pay the salaries and expenses of the very men who arrested them, I began to see the joke. The angriest man I saw, though, was one I was trying to sell a bill of goods to one morning when the Deputies walked in and went straight to the prescription counter. They found two gills of brandy and a half pint of alcohol, he had left there when he came out front to talk to me. and they gathered him in.

"The funniest thing of all was a continuous performance they got up. You have seen these shows where the staff or supernumeraries is made up of a halt dozen stage hands who march slowly, across the front of the stage when trie conquering army comes home from the war, and then scurry back behind the curtain to come in again and again until the army seems to be at least 30 or 40 strong? Well, they worked that same joke up there, only th-y used a procession of whisky bottles Instead of stage hands. "This is the way it was worked. The Deputies stored the goods they seized in the basement of a house one of them lived in Instead of taking them to the police station or City Hall and locking them up where the goods would be safe. One night while that Deputy wfj at the theater his basement was entered and all that stock of booze carted away.

I was told the men who took it went straight down trie street and sold it to the liquor dealer from whom It had been seized. Next week those same bottles were seized all over again. "Nobody was arrested in connection with that Joke: it was too amusing a game to be Interfered with. If nobodv drank up that booze in transit it might keep on marching around and around the town for years to come and keep the Deputies busy. I've seen men nurse a good job when they had it.

but I'd never sen one nursed Just that way before." "Can't you get anything to drink up there without havmg to run the chance of being caught with a highball halt consumed aked the drummer's friend. saW" fh'e" drummer, solemnly. "take it from me. Nobody in Maine drinks highballs. They take too long to swallow.

The point Is to get the stuff Inside of you before it can be seized. But you legally can buy all the booze you want to drink, or at least all you ought to drink. And that Is the biggest Joke of alL "While the state Deputies are cruising around town trying to catch folks with the goods on. the State Liquor Agency is selling rum and whisky and brandy at least that is what they are said to be on the label and doing a nice, flourishing business. Why.

some folks send a kid with a written order saying they want a pint or a quart of wet goods for medicinal purposes, and the keeper of the agency hands it over and the kid trots along home with it. so that popper can get his little jag on in the comfort of his own fireside. "It's a great system. There's nothing In politics here in New Tork that can touch those state agencies for being political plums with an absolutely guaranteed profit. They tell me that for every $1,50 the state spent last year for expenses of the Deputies In enforcing the law the agencies sold a half million dollars' worth of liquor.

That is pretty cheap advertising. However, they are trying to get rid of the law and the agencies both this year, so maybe they will soon be classed with the good things that were once upon a time. "Let's have some more bock. Talking about prohibition so much makes me thirsty." sr HIGH COST OF SHAVES. Boston Globa The man who has his facial laws mowed In a barber shop is frequently separated from a dollar bill at a single sitting because the tonsorial artist persists in giving him a shampoo, haircut and singe, which he neither needs nor desires.

This is an annoying extension ot trade and it cannot be combatted under the Sherman Act. We state the facts for the information of Mr. Taft (who shaves himself), with the hope that the President will deal with the national economic problem involved when he sends his next message to Congress. Across the sea, in Berlin, the scheme Is varied a bit. Ilerr went into a shop there recently to get a haircut and a wisker-trim.

During these operations Krappltz. the barber, developed perfect floods of eloquence, proposing all kinds of creams, soaps, perfumes and other toilet articles for sale. When the customer was about to leave he was presented with a packet of goods which oe was alleged to have ordered, and '-r which a very stiff bill was presented. On his refusal. to pay the sum.

or take delivery of the articles Krappltz seized Ilerr G's silver-mounted cane and refused to give It up. A- German Court convicted the hairdresser jot "pure blackmail," according to the report of the Berliner Tageblatt. -w lLtre.1 Let us not worry overmuch about the propensity of money to accumulate In individual piles, or its effect on those whom it adhe to. That accumulative opposition 'y no means all harmful. Savages are not bothefW by it.

It Is one -of the of civilization, and It -is not known that ilvilli ever got far without it. bunches of money arc apt not to be good for ai yet they nourish some fair growths, for wealth Is strange medicine and may kill or cure according to the patient's inward rtate and the strength of his constitution. Often It ia doing its deadliest when it dot look so. Now and then, combining with forces of reaction, it breeds a useful giant and clothes bis spirit with power. Origin ''Blacks Hatidl REPORTER COINED THE' PHRASE jlT WAS ADOPTED BY tCnloegVNews.l I'jACK HAND outrages, murders.

kidnaping; and bomb throwing, now of frequent' occurrence in Chlpago, have led -many -persons to believe that the "Black Hand" is a closely associated secret society, slmilarj-to the. Mafia and Camorra. That is not so. according to those best' informed. Mono Nera, or "Black Hand." has been adopted as the- common name by the gangs of assassins and blackmailers in different parts of the country -in the last seven years.

The phrase was coined by a New York reperter who wanted to get a "beat" while covering a kidnaping case. He got the beat, his paper and finally other papers took up the name in designating crime among the Italians and Sicilians and the blackmailers themselves then adopted it. To-day thename is known throughout the country, and even' In Italy, It Is iht- signature Mono Nera is frequently as potent a factor In wringing tribute from a victim as. the sign of the dreaded Camorra in Naples and Southern Italy or the Mafia in Sicily. "The story of the "Black Hand' Is interesting as.

showing what a simple suggestion will do and to wnat lengths It may go," said a man who was familiar with the origin of the "Following the murder of the Chief of Police, In New Orleans and the lynching of his murderers, few Italian crimes came to the public notice until about nine years ago. Of course, the Mafia and the Camorra were secretly blackmailing' wealthy residents of the growing Latin colonies in this country, and occaslonaly there was a murder. These, however, escaped more than casual mention in the papers. "It was in the fall of 1902 that the carnival of crime among the Italians broke out In real earnest, and since that time murders, robberies, bomb explosions snd instances of incendiarism there have been. The murder of Giuseppe Cantania.

a grocer In the Red Hook section of Brooklyn, New Tork. was the first of the series of crimes that has continued with increasing force. Hta body was found in sections along. the Bay Ridge shore. Investigation by the police and Secret Service Agents showed that his grocery store had been a 'blind' for the more profitable business of 'shoving the queer or passing counterfeit coin.

Suspected members of the gang that did him to death were rounded up, but. "no evidence that would warrant a conviction being secured, they were released. "Several cases of kidnaping were re- Power tn jMly-form. 'Vt 1 i-w" JV -JL i. 4.

I it Ji I I V' v. I 2 SOLIDIFLED GASOLINE IS NOW SOLD BY THE POUND IN ENGLAND. The Tattler. 1 Our photograph shows a piece of solidified gasoline. It is made in the form of a Jelly of sufficient consistency to be carried and handled like any other solid body.

The physical properties are the same as liquid petrel, evaporation Is very easy, and with the same heating power. r- Cbc Cocbems Club Benefit. AN UNFORTUNATE GAME OF POKER THAT WAS INTENDED TO RAISE MONEY FOR- THE AFFLICTED FLUEGELMANN. Nsw Tork IHAT in the name of der gancer Welt should we do about Ig-nats Fluegelntann? Flnnster." Morris Saltpeter addressed his half-brother, Tulius Shabbos-deckel, and there was real concern In his voice. "I like to said it again what are we gclng to do -with I gnats?" he said, earnestly.

"Do?" said Tulius. "What should' we. do? What's the matter with himr "Got a Krankheit a 'sickness. Didn't you hear?" said Moshe Saltpeter. "Oy, ov." said "No.

What' should ail himr "Got a speechlessness. Can't make a talk." "Hlmmel sel genadlg!" said Mr. Shab-bosdeckeL "Is his hands' hurted?" "Don't talk like a Gov." said Mr. -peter, sharply. "He don't always need his hands to make speech with His talk-ing muscles are.

sprained, and the doctor says it has got chronic, and that he never will get right unless he goes to a hot climate. Phoenix, Arizona. Is the so, the doctor 8tiegenf" "Wants money "to ride on cars," said Mr. Bhabbosdeckel. ''Has Ignatx got any?" 1 "Sure, not a -cent.

Played poker with a Columbia College professor, which knew about psychology, and the professor got four kings, and read in lgnatss mind that he had got an ace ulL And the professor bet Ignatz all the money Ignats had. and comes to the ahowdoww Ignats said, falnt-llke. That's and-has never did -an articulate word -from then to now. Doctor says it-was partly, anguish that afflicted our. brother Cho- chem." Mr.

Saltpeter and Mr. Shabbosdeciel; decided that the. condition of Mr. Flaegel- mann should- be brought to the attention of the Chocherns Poker Club, of which they were members, with a'- view 'that" something- should be. done to raise funds' for Jgnatz.

A special meeting of the club was with Mr. Salpeter in the chair. Mr. Flue-' gelmaan was -absent, but. those present the "Italian 'colonies during the but.

no one was ever- convicted of these crimes, and the xWld stolen wa always mysteriously re-j 'turned1 after, an -absence of 'a week or two. Then- the famous 'barrel murder' occurred. A woman going to work on a wildly -stormy morning In- March, 1803. -discovered-, a barrrel containing the body of a man at Avenue and East Eleventh street. New York.

His throat had been -cut from ear- to ear, and In the back of the neck were -19 stab wounds, showing -how the man had been killed as he sat at a table, asleep. His identity was established four days later as that of a Buffalo roan. He had come to New York to intercede with a ganjr of counterfeiters who had deserted his nephew after the latter had- been sent to Sing Sing prison. A threat to expose the gang led to his murder, the crime being com-lnltted in a little butcher shop on Stanton street. In- the heart of one of the many Italian colonies in New York.

Thirteen -arrests were made, but after two weeks the prisoners were discharged for lack-of evidence. -might be remarked here that not a single member of that -gang is now free. The nephew of the murdered man killed 'Lupo'-ttbe wolf) and 'Bove' (the ox) in Scranton. three days after his re- lease from prison. Vlto Laduco, in whose shop Madonna bad been butchered, w-as knifed to death -in Baltimore after he had been arrested and invariably released for a number of kldnapings and murders; another is one of the Camorrists now on trial for their lives in Viterbo.

Italy, and the others, including Gulseppe Morello. leader of the Mafia in this are now serving long terms "In Federal prison at Atlanta, Oa. They are the men who planned the-murder, of Joe Petro-slno. the noted New Tork Italian detective. "Following the murder" and the release of the suspects, crime among the Italians Increased to an alarming extent.

It was while 'covering a kidnaping case of unusual, patbos that the Inventor of the vilack Hand' hit-upon a name that has now become synonymous with Italian crime. He was glancing over some blackmailing letters in an East Side station house. In- themselves the letters were commonplace, the -usual threats being made and the missives adorned with crudely drawn pictures of coffins and stiletto pierced hearts. In-one letter the stiletto was held against the -heart by a and It. was on this circumstance that tha nam of the now dreaded 'secret society was founded." Telegrapb.

1 1 I were Mr. Saltpeter. Mr. ShabbosdecVel, Isador Morris Fatrekovsky, Al Hershfcld. A-bram Schaumberg, Levi Blaustein and Julius Kosenzweig.

Moshe Saltpeter stated, the reason for the calling of the- meeting. "Bruder Le-ben," he, said, "I would rather have a blow a Potch 1m Kopf than to tell you what ia happened to a brother of ours, a member of this club, the only one not now in our midst, Ignatz Fluegelmann. 'Natzl is sick. Not snicker, mind you. awer sick -on the level.

Tes, the role of our brother Cochem Is gone away irom him. Igaatz among the talkers and the gossips and is speechless." This announcement made a sensation among the club members. Mr. Salepeter continued: "He can't talk at all. Nicbt eln Wort.

To his friends he cannot say Sholem. and to his enemies he is unable to say Gay in der Erd. We all' know Flnegelmann. -He's a Llttvocher; come oyer here with bis father, old Aaron Fluegelmann, more than 80 years ago. We have seen his first -when he was a blegler working forv my" uncle Morris in street; then' a -fish peddler; a canvasser for for -patent leather shoes with roe when I sold zither.

-After; that we saw him as. a prosperous pawnbroker clerk with a good percentage on all- new business. Finally he became the good man we know him, charter member of the Cocbema Poker- Club, and lose. Ignats always' was the same. this last he loae his whole bank roll 'to the -Columbia College professor and can't talk- any more.

I leave-hig case in the hands of the club, knowing that you will do the best what you can for "the afflicted' one." Levi Blaustein said: we got-to do -something-for Mr. FJuegelmann I' think we all realized' How would It do to buy him a railway ticket to Phoenix, and maybe be get better-right away and can work. and earn: for-himself -what be needs for his simple wants tn primitive country, where, he -don't need anything, I jet this go as a motion." Mr. Saltpeter-pointed out that Mr. Flue-i getmann -could not --vwork, and Mr.

Schaumberg said: "For why shouldn't we get up a benefit for Ignatz, Uke those actor folks dor "I like Ignatz like a said Mr. Shabbosdeckel. "He has won money from me and I from him. We never quarreled only a couple of times, once, you all remember, when he held three aces four times running, and I counted the cards arid found only 49 In the pack and that three aces were missing. But it's all forgot.

I like the idea of a benefit." Shmool Barnet, an actor, was called In from the Blmbelmeler restaurant, and he appeared with a sporting friend, Ike Rosenthal, of Atlantic City. Mr. Barnett was questioned about benefits, and gave as his expert opinion that none could be given. "It wants actors to give a benefit." said Mt- Barnett. bluntly, "and none of them would volunteer for Ignatz Fluegelmann.

All he ever did for them was to win their money." Mr. Barnett then returned to supper of Kraplachs and Hlndlgs. but Mr. Rosenthal asked permission to remain and take part in the discussion. "I know Fluegelmann.

He has been In my place In Atlantic City, and perhaps I can be of some suggestive help, like I wish I could," said Mr. Rosenthal. Moshe Saltpeter told him be was welcome to stay and any auggestions he might make would be considered. "Then." said Mr. Rosenthal, "for why don't you give him some money? Pass around the hat and take up a collection and pass it over to him and tell him to go ahead arid get his voice.

Zum schwarz Yahr: Biit it must be a terrible affliction not to be able to say '1 "Ignatz would not take money." said Mr. Shabbosdeckel. "He's the proudest feller No one could slip him anything. He might borrow from one person, but would take nothing as a gift." "Then let him look out for himself, why don't you?" asked Ike. "One of these stuck-ups is not be forced to take money.

Stiegen! I never refused any: Du kannst deln Lieben gar wetten." "No. we got to do something for him," said Mr. Saltpeter. Mr. Schaumberg showed signs of excitement.

"I got an idea," he said. "Elucidate it," commanded Mr. Saltpeter. "We let play poker and win," said Mr. Schaumberg.

"How could he win if he did not have the best hands?" said Mr. Saltpeter. "Ruhig, Abram Schaumberg, say nothing. Tou talk like a Gay." "I talk like a Chocnem." said Mr. Schaumberg warmly.

"Tou fellers cannot think of anything, and I got It. Listen. Seven hundred dollars should be enough to eee him to Phoenix and keep him there as long as he wishes to stay. That's a hundred apiece for each of us Chocherns club members. Four or five of us take this money, divide It up, sit in the game with Ignatz, and when we see he has got a good hand, then let some one say a word, give a sign like, and we all put up our money, and when Ignatz declares his hand we all say It's good, and then stop playing.

He ll have our seven hundred and think he won it. No gift about that, is there?" Mr. Ike Rosenthal became thoughtful. Mr. Saltpeter said the plan sounded good, and it was discussed at length.

Mr. Rosenthal was thinking deeply. Finally Moshe put a motion that each member contribute a hundred and that -the money be turned over to him and Mr. Shabbosdeckel and Mr. Schaumberg and that they play poker with Mr.

Fluegelmann and allow him to win all of It. It was agreed that the signal for them to push In all their money for Fluegelmann's benefit would be given by Mr. Saltpeter, who, it was understood, was to say. "Now, boys, this is the time." It also was ordered that Mr. Saltpeter should lend Ignatz Fluegelmann money to play with from the club's kitty, or treasury-Mr.

Ike Rosenthal suddenly came out of his deep, thoughtful mood. "I got something to say," he announced. "Listen to this: I like Fluegelmann myself pretty ell. and I like that I give him something. I been a pretty lucky player lately, and I want to go in.

with you Chocherns ou this benefit. I'll play a. century note in the game, too, if you are willing, and when the signal Is given In goes all. my money along with yours. What should you say?" Mr.

Saltpeter, clasped Ike's hand with some emotion. "Herr Rosenthal, I did not like you," he said, "but now I say this: Tou been a kind-hearted man and anyone that says anything against you got to fight me." The others shook hands with Mr. Rosenthal and complimented him on his generosity. It was decided to have the game come off the following night and Mr. Saltpeter was requested to have Ignatz Fluegelmann present with his stake.

"We get it over quick." said Mr. Shabbosdeckel, "so we don't waste all our time on a dead game anyway. Afterward when Ignatz has gone away those that like can take part in a real game." His throat muffled with a silk scarf and his eyes wearing a look of resignation, Mr. Fluegelmann appeared at the Chocherns Poker Club the following night with Mr. Saltpeter.

Ignatz whispered a greeting to the members and sat down at the green-covered table. The game, witn Ike Rosenthal a player along with the benevolent Chocherns. was soon under way. It ran for a short time without any one winning or losing any great sum. Then Mr.

Shabbosdeckel gave a sign to Moshe Saltpeter, which all of them saw except Mr. Fluegelmann, and Mr. Saltpeter nodded that when it waa noticeable that Ignatz had a good hand he would signal for every one to contribute all he had. Mr. Rosenthal was about to deal.

"Let ss have a new pack," he said, smiling at the Chocherns, who smiled back at the kindly sportsman, who was about to aid their brother. From some mysterious place Ike deftly produced a new deck of cards and Immediately began to deal. "I did not notice that he even shuffled them," said Mr. Shabbosdeckel In a stage whisper to Mr. Saltpeter.

"It's all right," said Moshe. "probably fixed them to give Ignats a big hand." Mr. Rosenthal dealt around, with Mr. Fluegelmann under the guns of his immediate left. Ignatz showed unmistakable signs of excitement, making a desperate effort to be calm.

Mr. Saltpeter gave the signal. The Chocherns smiled again, and marveled not when Ignatz opened the pot for a good sum. All of them stayed, and Ike Rosenthal raised it. "Oy.

oy, but he's a good feller," said Mr. Saltpeter in an aside to Mr. Shabbosdeckel. to make it look real regular." All of the Chocherns, Including Mr. Fluegelmann, stayed and the hands were helped.

Mr. Rosenthal, the dealer, took one, with the humorous remark that he did not need that. Mr. Flugelmann put up all his money. One by one the Chocherns followed suit, and then It came to Ike Rosenthal, and he did the same.

Mr. Fluegelmann showed down his hand; it was a jack full. "Tou win," said Mr. Saltpeter. "Zooros." said Mr.

Shabbosdeckel, feigning rage. "I lose all my money in here and Ignatz wins It." Mr. Schaumberg. who pretended that he was too overcome to speak, merely knocked with fury on the table, Indicating that he was a hard loser. Then Mr.

Rosenthal looked at Mr. Fluegelmann's full house, and calmly spread out four eights. Also, with much calmness Rosen-' thai, standing up before the astounded Chocherns, gathered in the bills, rolled them into a compact placed two rubber bands carefully around It and opened the door leading into the outer hall. The Chocherns were stricken dumb, and were as voiceless, as the' hapless Ignats Fluegelmann. Mr.

Rosenthal, who was stout and had a thick neck and big arms and a defiant manner, did a brief monologue before taking bis departure. He. said: "Boys. I am going to open up a little house in Atlantic City again this summer. I like to say you are all welcome to come there and play." He laughed a coarse laugh, "Basy be said.

Rorse Gxerctse at Sea. mm nil "itxlM tJ Jt Mi; i A STRENUOUS MORNING GALLOP ON BOARD A BIG OCEAN LINER. The O-mphlc Our artist writes: "Horse exercise, exercise on a saddle with a rotary mixing-machine motion, called the bicycle exercise, and a variety of vibrations, all electrically driven, as well as many of the fittings of an ordinary ar obtainable nowadays in many ocean-going liners. Although an old 'salt' niigii. have something disparaging to say about the gym is a welcome addition for the latter, and a change from the enforced constitutional round and round the promenade deck." (4 OUtcbcraft in Old Salem.

REMARKABLE PERSECUTION IN THE DAYS WHEN PEOPLE BELIEVED THE DEVIL TOOK ON HUMAN FORM. Kansas City Times. 1 HF. place where a great crime I I has been committed has always a something strangely fascinating alajl about it. Most people will go a greater distance to see the locality of a murder than they would take the trouble to do for any other purpose whatever.

The house where a great man has been born is often quite unknown and unvisited even in its own neighborhood; the house that is associated with a murder or a homicide rarely is. -We may lament, then," said Judge Story in a centennial address at Salem, "the errors of the times which led to these prosecutions. But surely our ancestors had no special -reasons, for shame in a belief which had the universal sanction of their own and former ages; which counted in its train, philosophers as well as which was graced by ttic learning of prelates as well as the countenance of kings; which the law supported by its mandates, and the purest judges felt no compunctions in enforcing. Let Witch Hill remain forever memorable by this sad catastrophe, not to perpetuate our dishonor, but as an affecting, enduring proof of human Infirmity a proof that perfect justice belongs to one judgment seat only that which is linked to the throne of God." What was this belief, then, which had such high and legal sanction? It was this: That the devil might and did personally appear to, enter into, and actively direct, the everyday life of men. And he did this without the intervention ot any of those magical arts of conjurations such as were once thought indispensable to induce him to put in an appearance.

For this there was Scripture authority, chapter and verse. He was supposed to come sometimes in one form, sometimes in another, to tempt his victims with the promise that upon their signing: a contract to become his, both body and soul, they should want for nothing, and that he would undertake to revenge them upon all their enemies. The traditionaLwitch was usually some decrepit old village crone, of a sour and maligant temper, who was as thoroughly hated as feared, but this did not exclude men from sharing In the power of becoming noted wizards though from the great number of women who were accused, it would appear that the arch-enemy usually preferred to try his arts upon the weaker and more impressionable sex. The fatal compact was consummated by the victim registering his or her name in -book or upan scroll of parchment, and with his own blood. The form of these contracts is nowhere preserved.

Sometimes, as is instanced in the negotiation between Oliver Cromwell and the devil before the Battle of Worcester, there was a good deal of haggling. The bargain being concluded, Satan delivered to his new recruit an Imp or familiar spirit, which sometimes had the form of a cat, at others of a mole, ot a bird, of a miller fly, or of some other Insect or animal. These were to come at call, do such mischief as they should be commanded. Witches, according to popular belief, had the power to ride at will through the air on a broomstick or a spit, to attend distant meetings or Sabbaths of witches, but for this purpose they must first have anointed themselves with a certain magical ointment given to them, by the fiend. This is neither more nor less than what our forefathers believed, what was solemnly incorporated into the law-s of the land and what was solemly preached from the pulpit A perusal of the witchcraft examinations shows how familar even children were with all the forms of this superstition.

In the course of the trials at Salem several of the accused persons. In order to save their lives, confessed to having signed their names In the Devil's book, to having been baptized by him and to having attended midnight meetings of witches, or sacraments held upon the green near the minister's house, to which they came riding through the air. They admitted that he had sometimes appeared to them in the form of a black dog or cat, sometimes in that of a horse, and once as 'a fine, grave man," but generally as a black roan of severe aspect. These fables show the prevalent form of the belief among the people. It was generally held to be impossible for a witch to say the Lord's Prayer correctly; and it is a matter of record that one woman, while under examination, was put to this test, when it was noticed that in one place she substituted some words of her own for those of the prayer.

Such a failure of memory was considered, even by some learned Judges, as a decisive proof of guilt- the trial of throwing a witch into the water to see whether she would sink or swim, was once made In The scene of the witchcraft outbreak of is an elevated knoll of no great extent, rising among the. shaggy hills and spongy meadows that "lie at some distance back from the more thickly -set -f i -Wi' iT i ml rt fit- tled part of the. town of Danvers, formerly Salem Village. It is indeed a quiet little neighborhood to have made so much noise in the world. Somehow, enterprise avoids it.

leaving it, as we see it cold and lifeless. The first appearance of everything is so peaceful, so divested of all hurry or excitement, as to suggest a hereditary calm a pastoral continued from generation to generation. Then, as the purpose which brought him hither comes into hie mind, the visitor, looks about him in doubt whether this can really be the locality of that tragedy. Tes. here are the houses that were standing when those events took place, still selemnly commemorating them, as if doomed to stand eternally.

This village street Is the same old highway through which the dreadful infection spread from house to-houas. inta -the. retaiote coc-- ners of the ancient shire, until, as we lead, there were 40 men of Andover that could raise the devil as well as any astrologer. Here, too. is the site ot the old meeting house, in which those amazing scenes, the witchcraft examinations, took place.

A little farther on we come to the spot of ground, as yet unbuilt upon, where the parsonage with the iean-lo chamber stood. The sunken outlines of the cellar are still to be seen, and even some relics of the house itself remain in the outbuildings attached to the Wadsworth mansion, which overlooks the "Witch Grounds." and which was built in the same year that the old parsonage was pulled down. It was In this "Ministry House." as it was then- called. that the circle of young girls met. whose-denunciations, equivalent to the dealn warrant of the accused person soon overspread the land with desolation and woe: and it was here that the alleged midnight convocations of witches met iq.

celebrate their unholy sacraments, an'd to renew their solemn league and covenant with satan by inscribing their names in his fatal book. Hundreds of innocent persons were thrown Into prison, while L'O were executed, at the instance of some young girls of the village, who went into convulsions, real or pretended, as soon as they were confronted with the prisoners at the bar. The convictions were had upon "specter" evidence that Is to say. the strange antics of the possessed giris were considered as proof positive of the criminal power of witchcraft In the accused shown, too, in open Court with which they stood charged. The statute assumed that this power could only proceed from a familiarity or compact with the evil one, and punished it with death.

The evidence, however, was of two kinds: When interrogated by the magistrates the girls first gave their evidence calmlv. like ordinary witnesses to the criminal acts, and then went into their spasms, which all believed were caused by the prisoners. Their incoherent ravings and outcries were alao taken as good and valid testimony, and are so recorded. These remarkable proceedings are not. however, without a precedent.

Tire tragical story of Urbaln Grandler develops the same characteristics. His popularity as a preacher having excited the envy of the monks, they instigated some nuns to play the. part of persons possessed, and In their convulsions to charge Grandler with being the cause of their evil visitation. This horrible, though absurd charge was sanctioned by Cardinal Richelieu on grounds of personal dislike. Grandier was tried, condemned, and burnt alive, April 18, 1634.

more than half a century earlier than the proceedings occurring at Salem. EARLIEST COLD STORAGE, London In Macaulay's essay on "Lord Bacon" he points out that in 1626 the subject of his memoir tried the experiment of stuffing a fowl, with snow to prevent It from putrefying, and In carrying out the work caught cold from whloh he died. Ma- caulay adds: 'an the last letter that he ever wrote, with fingers which, as he said, could not steadily hold a pen, he did not omit to mention that the experiment of the snow had succeeded excellently well." If, we turn to nature there are instances In Siberia of roanWr moths preserverd in- ice so that their flesh is still eatable from a period prob-. ably coeval with the first appearance of man globe. If the Romans brought to their banquets the dainties of all the known world, had they not some knowl- edge of cold storage? ww INSURRECTO A NEW WORD.

ISprinznald Republican. 1 The word "lnsurrecto," so commonly use4 in the newspapers, is not to be found 11 any authoritative dictionary of the Engllsr It appears to be coming lnt -general use; In place of the word rebels. Say "insurrectos." one thinks tin mediately of Central America rather than -i of Albania, Poland or Ireland. i Ta a i 1 1 1 1 i I V.y, 5 i -il': I I.

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