The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 16, 1956 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, March 16, 1956
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TOL. LI—KO. >00 Cyprus Port City Isolated By British Violence-Torn Island Under Tight Curfew By L. S/CHAKALES NICOSIA, Cyprus (Al British troops isolated the ior Cypriot port of Limassol today, clamping on the toughest curfew yet seen on this violence-riddled East Mediterranean island. • The order confining Limassol s 25 000 citizens to their homes said the curfew would continue until "further notice." British officials said the port 38 miles southwest of Nicosia "has always been a bad trouble spot and that terrorist incidents that .increased there. Authorities launched an intensive search of the city for fugitive terrorists. The village of Cato Zodhi, near Faphos, also was put under a strick curfew after a stone-throwing incident. Urge End to Strike Communist leaders of the biggest labor union called for an end to the general strike protecting the deportation of Archbishop Makarios, leader of the island's movement for union with Greece. But Greek shopkeepers, laborers and clerks so far ignored the union appeal and continued their shutdown, now in its fifth day. Gasoline and fuel oil shortages, were reported from some sections of the island. The spontaneous work stoppage has paralyzed most business activity on the island since Monday and halted construction work at big British military projects. Labor leaders said the walkout may end by Tuesday. Sunday and Monday are religious holidays. Pro-Greek terrorists continued their bitter fight against British control. A Royal Air Force man was wounded outside an army barracks here; , Two policemen were Injured in an exchange of gunfire. . A. British ...army .officer's.., wife and 6-year-old child were cut by flying glass ' .when a bomb was thrown into their home A military vehicle was the target of a bomb at Famagusta. Another bomb was tossed at a military patrol in the village of Drousha, near Paphos. No injuries were reported In those two incidents. Pleas for Settlement In London, the Archbishop of , Canterbury made a plea for settlement of the Cyprus question. Dr. Geoffrey Fisher, ranking orelate See CYPRUS on Pare 14 USDA Crop Estimates Due Today WASHINGTON (ft— The Agriculture Department , prepared for release today at 2 p.m.' CST result* of a survey that will Indicate whether another year of bumper crop is in prospect. The report, covering farmers' planting plans for 16 important spring crops, was based upon replies from 300,000 representative farmers mailed March 1. Department officials hoped for a sharp reduction from the 306. million acres planed , to these crops last year. Surpluses of many of the crops made it advisable, they said, that production be reduced this year. But in reporting their 'plans, farmers were in the dark as to provisions of major federal farm pro_ prosepctlve acreages for corn, spring wheat, oats, barley, flaxseed, rice, sorghums, potatoes, sweet potatoes, tobacco, dry beans: and peas, soybeans, peanuts, hay and sugar beets. The acreage planted to winter wheat was reported last December. Farm law - prohibits forecasts on cotton acreages and production before July i. - grams for .the year. The report covers _ Sored Red Faces RICHMOND, Va. I*)—An Henrlco County volunteer fire unit was all set to burn down an abandoned school building in a fire demonstration. Then someone decided to make a last-minute check. Good thing, too. They found the county no longer owns the building. Blytheville Courier MltaluiPB* Valley littMt BlytheviUe Daily Hem Blythnlllt HiWd t*!,!L.' ~-"s-m^UrtS^N! 1HX DOMINANT KEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 19S6 FOURTEEN PAGES Scept's'und a a''y y SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTg Weary Senators Edge Near Vote on Farm Bill * _. » .*» • i .COUNTY DOES ITS FART—Mississippi County Farm Bureau yesterday made out a-^check forj $300 to help finance the cost of a comprehensive soybean market study in Japan. Program to better serve the growing Japanese bean market was initiated by the American Soybean Association with the IT. S. Department of Agriculture. Above are Hays i Sullivan, Bill Wyatt, Tom Callis and Earl Wildy. Wlldy is president of the county Farm Bureau, Callis is secretary and Sullivan and Wyatt have been active in county's soybean program. On Mid-East Troubles: Eden. Flays 'Neutralism; Big 3 Re&ck Agreement By TOE ASSOCIATED PRESS Beset by trbubles in the. Middle East, Prime Minister Eden declared today Britain will never abdicate its position as;a great world power. Speaking at a Conservative party rally, he said, "We cannot and will.nbt." , jf * :' *! * * A policy of abdication could ' only end in neutralism; Eden said, "and to be neutral for Britain is slow death." In Washington, diplomatic quarters said the United States, Britain and France apparently have reached a basic understanding on the military measures they may take if a second Arab-Israeli war Egypt Postpones Constr^ Giant Nile Dam By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON (AP) — Egypt' has switched signals on the West and postponed the start of work on the Aswan Dam. Officials who reported this to- cord -jjef&re investing too heavily day said Egyptian Premier Gamal Abdel Nasser decided not to launch the $1,300,000,000 project until he reaches agreement with neighboring Sudan on \Hffr to divide the Nile River waters at-, fected. They said they are convinced Nasser still wants to build the dam and do it with American British and World Bank financing. Nasser and Eugene Black, president of the .World Bank, announced in Cairo Feb. 9 they had reached "substantial agreement" on financing the irrigation-power dam, designed as the world's biggest structure, on the Upper Nile. Hailed In West The announcement was widely hailed in the West as a diplomatic victory. Russia, moving into the Middle Bast with offers of military and economic aid, had made a bid to help finance the dam. The Aswan project was divided into two phases. Work was ordered begun immediately on the first phase. This contemplated that Egypt would put up BOO million dollars in the form of labor and materials, and that the United tales would put up 56 millions and Great Britain 14 millions in no-strings-attached grants. After this first phase of preparatory work had been completed in an estimated five years, Phase 2 was to begin. For this, the major construction, the World Bank had agreed to lend Egypt 200 million dollars, with the United states and Britain together putting up an additional 130 million dollars. The World Bank urged, however, that Egypt first reach an agreement with the udan on how the dam's waters would be shared between them. No such precondition was stipulated by the United tales and Britain. ' Two Possibilities But now Egypt has decided to try to reach agreement with ' the Sudan responded rather sharply The stated reason lor this change of heart, officials said, is that the udan responded rather sharply to Egypt's initial overtures. They said this led Nasser to feel had better nail down a Sudan he Sewer District Seeks Condemnation Sewer Improvement District No. « and ttie City of Blytheville have tiled a condemnation suit in Circuit Court on land In north Blytheville to force the owner to permit laying of sewer lines. It Is the only ease to date taken to Circuit Court to force eas*- ments In the current sewer construction program. Most menu nave been Hgncd by prop- trty owner*. Th« action WM brought against Kd Rogers, a resident of Nashville, Teoo., aod oonc4ra« lot* 1 and 3, block .B, of Country Club area. and the city seek lay a sewer line . •The district permission to along the south boundary of the lots. Easement requested Is 12 feet in width and 300 feet in length. Plaintiffs have promised to bury pipes K as not to Interfere with natural drainage and have pledged to restore the land as nearly u la poulbl* to Its former condition, Their oompUlnt stated the land would "greatly tncream tn value" after the sewer Is lal<l. An offer of $1 WM mMta for Uu MMmtnt. While U. S. officials have accepted this explanation, they concede the situation riases two : grave ; possibilities: 1. That Nasser has agreed with Western words of caution that his economy is not strong enough to support both the Aswan Dam and his 85-niillion-dollar arms buying See EGYPT on Page H to Attend Girl Scout Affair Dads Are Honored Guests at Armory Meeting Tonight Some 400 Brownie and Girl Scouts and their dads are expected to be on hand at the Armory tonight when the Scouts celebrate their birthday week with their annual Daisy Round-up. .The • gals* will provide lunches for their fathers in commemoration of the Girl Scouts' 44th birthday. The',event has been named locally after Juliette Low, founder of the Girl Scouts, who was known as Daisy by her friends. Prizes Mrs. Glenn Ladd, president of the Lone Troop Association, will pre- s'.de.ahd the Hey. James Rainwater wlll : give the invocation. Prises will be awarded for best decoration of lunch boxes and on the program are Beth Johnson and Warren Moxley and Joe Phil and Mark Smith, sons of Mr. and Mre. Bob lie Smith. Group singing will round out the evening's entertainment. . A free-will offering will be taken, for the Juliete Low World Friendship Fund, which will help In restoration of Juliette Low'i birthplace in Savannah, O«. ':- ;'«. 1 ' • • Leaden In charge of arrangements for the Brownies were Mrs. W. R. Lawshe, Miss Marcile Taylor, Mrs. Joe Mc- Hanejr Mrs. Ralph Todd, Mrs. Dick Watson, Mrs. Leon Scherer, Mrs. Davis, Mrs. Spencer Alexander,'Mrs. Sturch, Mrs. Hugh Hudson, Mrs. Mason Day Jr., Mrs. R. J. McKlnnon, Mr. Merron Koehler, Mrs. Joe Mc- Olure.-Mlss Blllie Sue Burks, Mrs. Cecil Johnson and Mrs. Flowers. 'Hindting* the Girl Scouts' end of the chores were the following' leaders: ;/ '.' . • ' ' . . Ma. W, R. Campbell, Ml» Iva Lee Graves, Mrs. R, J, Worlund, Mn. Darrell Lunsford, Mr*. 0. B. Graves, Mrs. Charles. CaeMlun Jr. Mist Sue Wilson, Mrs. John Johnson, Mrs. William Wyatt, Miss JOhnnti Lou Johnson, Mrs. Olenn Ladd, Mrs. Hugh Whltaltt and Mrs, Ooedy latco. breaks They out. _ _-••-.; ^r placed this interpretation on Eden's cryptic reference in London yesterday to his inability to make public any Bi£ Three military decisions because of constitutional differences between the three nations. On Own Authority The British government is able to take decisive military steps on ils own authority. In the Uniled States only Congress is empowered to declar war and President Eisenhower has said he has no intention of engaging U. S. forces in military operations abroad without consulting Congress. Parliamentary assent similarly is required in France. For instance, resident Guy Mollet's government obtained final parliamentary authorization today for wide powers in crushing the Algerian nationalist revolt. Algeria, .Cyprus and the Holy Land are linked in a broad pattern of trouble, actual and potential. Algerian violence has highlighted by a daring fire raid of a terrorist band which held off watchmen with guns and burned a big French garage in Algiers in the early morning darkness. More than 100 cars were destroyed. French police clamped a midnight to 5 a.m. curi'ew on the city. Trouble Spot The British used the curfew against the Cypriot port of Limas- sol, which they described as always a bad trouble 'spot in the terrorist campaign of union-with- Greece advocates. British troops isolated Limassol and launched an intensive search for fugitive guer- rilas. The Oreek Orthodox Church See BIG THREE on Page 14 Terrorists FirHsaragr In Algiers French Clamp Curfew On Capital City By DAVE MASON ALGIERS (AP) — Masked gunners set fire to a huge French garage in a terrorist raid in the heart of this Algerian metropolis today. In western Algeria guerrillas staged massive sabotage of communications. That recalled tactics used by the Communist-led Vietminh against the French in Indochina. The French put a midnight to 5 a.m. curfew in Algiers and sent troops scurrying over the countryside in search of the saboteurs. The gunners seized the garage just before 2 a.m., held off watchmen, poured gasoline over the floor and set it ablaze. 100 Cars Destroyed The raiders made their escape as the blaze swept through tne garage, located below a big French apartment house. The fire destroyed more than 100 cars. French families in the apartment house fled when a young French soldier spotted the flames and gave the alarm. The raid, most sensational terrorist outburst in Algiers of the 16-month-old revolt, came only a few hours after the French Parliament in Paris gave Premier Mollet's government the final go- ahead for an all-out fight to smash the rebellion. The two Moslem watchmen al the g-arage were unable to identify the raiders. " Police assumed they were rebels but did not exclude the. possibility they might have been French counterterror- ists seeking to provoke stronger government action against the nationalists. French Attacked Such counterterrorists were active in French Morocco before France granted that protectorate freedom. One veteran observer of the 16- month-old revolt warned in Al giers:_ "The whole thing could blow lip in our faces in a minute." Four attacks on Frenchmen or pro-French Moslems were reported from the city of Algiers itself while the Council of the Republic, France's Senate, was meeting in Paris to endorse Mollet's program for stamping out the revolt. The reports listed no casualties but said property damage was considerable. Authorltes said French forces See TERRORISTS on Page 14 Rescue M ; ssbn Meeting Topic Various business men, most of them Incorporators of BlytheviUe Rescue Mission, met last night to discuss details of financing the mission. Chaplain Don Maxfield of Blythe- viUe Air Force Base conducted a short devotional. Next meeting of the incorporators has been scheduled for Thursday at 1:30 p.m. at Frank Douglas' office when election of board members will be held. Passage of Controversial Today By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON (AP) — Fatigued but still full of fight, the Senate meets today for a session which leaders said should bring passage of the politically hot election-year farm bill. Both Democratic leader Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas and Republican Leader Knowland of California urged senators to stay nearby, ready to vote and complete action. A 12-hour session yesterday reshaped several sections omnibus hill but still left of the thick stack of proposed amendments undecided. Both Sen. Ellender (D-La), floor manager for the bill, and Sen. Aiken (R-Vt), who usually speaks for the administration on it, said they expect to wind up action sometime tonight. The highly controversial measure—already containing features the administration opposes and others it did not ask—then moves to the House, which voted last year for a two-year restoration of mandatory rigid supports on basic crops. The Senate voted instead, by close margins, to stick with President Eisenhower's system of flexible and lower supports. Ike Loses a Round Eisenhower lost a round yesterday, however, as the Senate voted 45-44 to retain a "dual parity" system for determining the price support levels of wheat, cotton, corn, peanuts" and other crops eligible for the price props. Under "dual parity," farmers can use the higher of old or new systems for computing a fair exchange value on their crops. Converted from a few cents a bushel or pound onto existing price sup- ports, the differences could mean hundreds of millions of dollars on crops this campaign year. Sen. Anderson (D-NMj, former secretary of agriculture Who has opposed high-level supports, said "dual parity could cost up to a billion dollars in all," Other senators thought it might mean between 300 to 400 million dollars more to farmers or in government farm costs. Sees Veto If the final farm Dill includes this, Anderson said. "I think the President will be inclined not to sign it." Just before quitting last night, the Senate by voice vote added 100 million dollars to the soil bank plan in a move led by Sen. Allott (R-Colo). That raised the authorized total to $1,200,000,000. Under the administration-sponsored soil bank proposal, farmers would be paid for retiring land from production. This is designed to reduce the multlbillion-dollar stocks of farm surpluses in government hands. Allott won approval of a boost from 350 to 450 million dollars a year in funds authorized for the conservation reserve, or long- range phase of the soil bank. These are payments that would go to farmers who contract to convert croplands into grass, trees, water storage or similar conservation uses. Farmers must agree to divert these lands for 3 to 1* years. The other part, the acreage reserve, now earmarks 750 million dollars for each of four years to farmers who agree not to plant allotments to cotton, wheat, corn, rice, peanuts and tobacco. Allott contended there should ta more balance between the two programs and the Senate shouted agreement without a record vote. Sen. Kerr (D-Okla )and Aiken figured in a sharp exchange when Kerr and Sen. Monroney (D-Okla) offered a proposal to make pastures and grasslands eligible for soil bank payments. They said this would reduce surplus beef cattle and; help the livestock industry, but some other senators from livestock states opposed it. Aiken called this a "millionaire amendment" and Kerr shot back that Aiken was the "black knight from Vermont" who had "ripped the guts" out of several proposals to aid small farmers. The Kerr-Monroney proposal was beaten 63-24. USDA Report Shows; Farmers Holding on to Land Despite Farm Income Drop WASHINGTON (AP) — Most farmers are holding on to their land despite a prolonged decline in their prices and incomes, the Agriculture Department said today. The new farms being sold are bringing higher prices than a year earlier, the department said in a report on the farm real estats market. Although farm income declined 10 per cent last year farm land prices were said to have increased an average of 5 per cent for the nation as a whole. .The department said a majority of its local farm land reporters consider present land prices to be above levels justified by current and prospective farm earnings. A survey showed, the report said, that land values last Nov. 1 averaged higher than a year earlier in all states excet Nevada and Utah. The largest gain — 11 per cent—Was reported for Minnesota. Explanation This explanation was given for the price advance to a record high: "Continued business prosperity and strong demand by farmers for additional land to enlarge their farms • have neiped to offset the expected effects of lower commodity prices on land values. "Many farmers and non-farm 1 ers continue to view farmland as a safe and desirable investment despite current lower returns. Present owners apparently hold similar views and consequently the number of farms on the market continues at a low level." The department said the increase in land prices is marked by none of the characteristics usually -associated with See FARM on Page 14 land Solon Urges Ike to Take Lead In Integration Enforcement WASHINGTON (AP) — The segregation issue flared up again in the Senate today when • • "----' J -' "' nhower to "assume the responsibility for en- Sen. Lehman (D-NY) called for President Eisenhower forcement of the Supreme Court's school integration decree. mission which Neuberger said would have no "powers of com- "I can not stand above the battle, like .President Eisenhower, and say with fine Impartiality that both sides must show restraint," Lehman, said.. Sen. Neuberger (D-Ore) chimed In with a-renewal of his suggestion that President Eisenhower call a White House conference on racial problems. He said that "It Is Incumbent on the President, whose office represents the acme of national leadership, to exercise that leadership In a national crisis ns grave and as far-reaching as this one.' ' "The sooner the President does so," Neuberger said, "the better ate the chances to head off further deterioration of our country's strength at home and abroad." Neuberger said It was "inconsistent" for the President to call for f«"-nce "nd moderation wHllo lor a congressional com- pulsion." Eisenhower suggested Jan. 5 the creation of a congressional commission to make a continuing study of racial tensions. He has said such a body would have greater powers than any commission he appointed since it could be given the congressional authority to subpoena witnesses. Lehman quoted the President as having advocated moderation and as having extremists" warned at. his against "the news confer ence Wednesday. Does he (Eisenhower) picture himself i as a tending mediator between two contending factions, the rights and merits of whose respective positions he Is unable to assess?" Lehmnn asked. "In this situation, Is he a neu- Ircl'st?" Lehman said UM manifesto filed in the Senate Monday, signed by most Southern congressmen, "would be absurd, if it were not so deadly serious and so highly pledged the signers to oppose by all lawful means the ending of race segregation In public schools. Lehman said the "manifesto" was not inflammatory In tone, but that Its effect was to support a doctrine of nullification which he said "has been enunciated in one form or another" by the legislatures of Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, South CaroUna and Virginia. 1 I only ask that the law be enforced In a lawful manner, and In such a graduated fashion as the courts themselves shall find feasible and practical," Lehman said. He said he asked Eisenhower to "fulfill the obligations of his or.lh ol er:-c" by rrMn? Hint the laws "are faithfully executed." Big Negro Vote For GOP Is Seen WASHINGTON (AP) — Rep. Richard M. Simpson (R-Pa), chairman of the GOP Congressional Campaign Committee, today predicted a big upswing in the northern Negro vote for Republicans this year. Simpson and two Democratic!, congressional campaign committee members, Representatives Madden (Ind) and Bennett (Fla), disagreed with a statement by Rep. Powell CD-NY) that there is "a distinct possibility" a new political party will result from the bitter battle over segregation. Powell, one of three Negro House members, told a news conference yesterday "many Negroes will desert" the Democratic party unless it returns to what he called the stronger civil rights policies of former President Truman. Powell said President Eisenhower has not been as affirmative in favor of civil rights as he was earlier in his lerm, and added: "If President Eisenhower goes back to where he left off two years ago on civil rights — and (Adlai) Stevenson or other Democratic candidates continue to stand in the middle of the road (on civil rights—I'd probably vote Republican" this year. Simpson said the Negro vote in big Northern cities ran about 4-1 in favor of the Democrats'in 1952, but now is swinging "very definitely toward the Republicans." By election time this fall, he said, it should .be evenly split between the two parties and should help swing into the GOP column some contested congressional seats. He specifically mentioned Philadelphia and t. Louis. He declared the Negroes "ap- preciale" what he termed civil rights gains under the Eisenhower administralion. "I don't think there is any room In the country for • third party," Simpson added. Madden, chairman of the executive committee for the Democratic campaign group, said he too doubts whether the Integration dispute will lead to a third party. And he said he doesn't think it will cost the Democrats votes either. The Negroes, Madden said, know that "the Democratic party with the exception of Hie Southern Icnrtevs hfis been lending the fight for civil right*." Kiwanis Totes Up Pancake Score Kiwanis Club's Pancake breakfast Wednesday will net nearly $160 for .the benefit of underprivileged children, President Jimmy Richardson said today. More than ouu persons were served pancakes, sausage and coffee between 6 a.m. and 10:30 a.m. at the Jaycee Clubhouse. Richardson said a number of ticket reports have yet to be made. Eddie Ford was top-selling Kiwani- an with 250 ticket sales. Late Lecture HABMSBTJRG, Pa. W) — F. O. Irl Neiderer. 68, Carlisle, died of a heart attack last night while attending a lecture on "New Hope for the Heart." Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS — Clearing this afternoon, fair tonight and tomorrow. Slightly colder tonight, warmer tomorrow afternoon. Outlook for Sunday, fair and mild. High today near 50; low .tonight upper 20s to low 30s, • MISSOURI — Fair and warmer northwest clearing east and south this afternoon; generally fair tonight and Saturday; slightly wann- er west and north tonight; warmer over state Saturday; low tonight around 30; high Friday near 50 northwest to upper 60s southwest. Minimum this morning—35. M»xlmum yejt»r<Uy—33. SunrUe tomorrow—fl:W. Sunset today—fl'Ofl. Metn temperature—M. Precipitation M nouri (t «.». » I a.m.)—JS. . rwclpiuuon J««. i to d Thli D«t« Lut Y«ar Minimum ynterd«r-7<. , Minimum thlt mornlm—II. ». 1 "/

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