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The Montana Standard from Butte, Montana • 1

Butte, Montana
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METAL PRICES HOME EDITION Copper ii.v.wiii.5,c- SUver Lead, New York East St. Louis -Zinc, East St. Louis J.0"c Standard carries, tti most est ensif telegraph news service in Montana. PRICE FIVE CENTS ESTABLISHED 1876 BUTTE, MONTANA. SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 25, 1933.

VOL. LXX. No. 168. i.

jJ. irsn -i i fit re OppositiorBreak of Railroads Is Expected Sup ervision 1 Formed to Protest Fascist Persecution AGTTERMED RIDICULOUS AT HEARING A THIRTEEN YEAR DROUGHT ENDS Today and Tomorrow By WALTER LIPPMANN Change in Tariff Policy THE current, issue of Foreign Affairs there is ah article called 'Necessary Changes in Our Commercial It is written by Prof, Frank WL Taussig of Harvard university, who is one of the leading authorities in this country on ianix Mr, Taussig was chairman of the -tariff commission from 1917 to 1919, and Is the responsible: author of a Report by -the commission U', 1 I 1 I 1 1 which the principles of our present tariff nolicv are derived. In this article-. Mr.Taussigstates. that he reeards this Dolicy as a failure and proposes a radical change 01 me policy which Jie-advocated 15 years -ago.

Efforts to Change Measure Come Into Open in Senate Agriculture Commit-teey President AVIatchesJ SUBSTITUTE- Senator Smith of South Carolina Would Curtail Contemplated Grant of Power to Wallace. WASHINGTON, March 24, fiPVFormidable efforts to change administration's farm relief bill, interrupting LemoQtrrilrjwi-Eoosevelt measures through congress, tJnersermtragriimikuxezm mlttee As an answer to the opposition, George N. Peek of Moline, 111., announcing his appearance as in be- liair of SecfeWf-WallacVtoirW rommittre tne on s.e approv Roosevelt bill should be passed and broad powers given the sec mry to cope with the farm problem. BUI Attacked. John A.

Simpson, president of the National. Farmers union, later attacked the administration pro- pwai no a,6 Mr. Taussig's views are always of importance owing to his great "IcnnWlerizp. of flip, Thev are tf snprinl imnnrtannfl at the rcresent time" because" it" haOKe IT -1 n-. i i ri i nn -muet.

must soon rtthe PHONE 5411 BE RESULT Cutting Out of Duplica tions of Service Expected bservers; ROOSEVELT WORKS ON :XARR.IERLl!kAK (pp6intment of Co-ordi- nafor or Ceasing of Roads Said! Two Alternatives. IhrouglvWall street regarding ifie admlnistratiori's" railway the one clearcut conviction that emerged today was that the final plan would male lie-steam car fiefs a part:) fi arnaXlonal: transpor- nuarEavlngsor hundreds ot millions through dlscontlnu-ance Of duplicating Just what sprrific moves will be tr "accomplish tlils ideal finds Wall street opinion dlvldedr BifirWrrTnTorinnd quarters contend Kmergenr Powf rn. -The first plaiv It Is would grant Prcfildont Hoobcvelt broad einergoiicyppwors to appoln a national co-ordinator, aiio together with regional co-ordlnators would exercise strict supervision over "the carriers. Walker D. Hint's, director general of the railroads during the federal control period, Is mentioned (Continued on Page 2, Col.

3.) SE OF France Antagonistic to "Move Which Might Alienate Small Nation Allies PARIS. 'March24. Opposition may cause scrapping of the Mussolini plan for a four-power ware pact, it was Indicated In well- informed quarters here tonight. Discussion of the plan, put forward by Premier Iienlto Mussolini of Italy In dlscussioiiHwith Prime Minister J. MacDonald of Great Britain, at Rome weekend, has revealed three formidable fibM.aclcs ti Its fulfillment, the French say.

They arc: 1. France's antagonism to any plan which might alienate the general revision oi uic war. treaties. 2. The opposition of the email (Continued on Page 2, Col.

3.) UE1AI NGSRY 0 0 TON OPPOSITION MAI CI SCRAPP TALI PLAN i wtWii ii' tmmuwf1' nwi nwi if nwn nn ifny ninir ei ti9 wvty -rt -i jnakfl-far--reaehing decisions In re gard to the tan ji. Until 1909, Taussig points out, the United States used to. keep itself free to make tariff -bargains llothsrCQunlrieSjTJKiynlex tariff, of proyiaionj for pro visions were, -repealed-and the policy hied tariff rates equally against ah countries, and then added a penalty of an extra 25 Der cent asainst anv 3 "Pi-esldenrilobspvelt Is shown seaied'at his cabinet ta bOwOWpI ROia3CJiIc.cdJftli5.-fil(hwrurft. fitCUm-" beer bill, bringing to an end the thirteen year drought. Under the law, beer will go oii Kale only In tliosn -states which state prohibition law or dry "slates from the "sale ol 3 2 per cent, wine n4 bchthatha president are "ihowliTtepre-sentativei Parsons of Illinois.

McCormack of Massachusetts. Clerk Hcefelham of the house, Represent-- fives O'Connor and Cultott of New York and Babath etminol. country which "unduly-diseriml- 4 n.M frroIvc(- HiA TTntfo, SIo(m" SecretarydBerkinKGwen Ova tion as Sh would ot- givfr-the- farmer hair cost of rs clad.I1rrw'oulduamitehft""u-"? William Green Says Bill 4Smacks-of-Sovictism" Communist, in Direct Contrast, Attacks Act; Committee Poi ts Out President Agrees to Modify Measure, Making Any Enlistments Voluntary. WASHINGTON, March 24. (JP) i Roosevelt's ail to enlist 250,000 men In a "civilian conservation corps apparently was scheduled to- frtglit foraxtgnslvB icvLskm By-congress after organized labor had denounced it as "smacking of fascism, Hltlerlsm and a form of Sovictlsm." Redrafting of the bill was by'.

chaTftHen of da-fr-blrtr-thera- was-stronkj-suppwt among members of the two commit- tees for retention of Hie measure's 'csscnFlal outlines. To Begin Revamping; Zcliftlrmari theTfienate- commIttrecalleda meeting tar Organized labor's opposition to the bill was expressed to tho Joint committed-hearing by William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor. Ho said it' provided for "the regimentation of labor In' peace times," and would demoralize the nation's wage levels. "They regiment labor in fascist Italy, In Hitler Germany and Soviet Russia," he said, waving his arms for emphasis, "but it seems tono the spirit of America Is not in favor of the regimentation of labor here. "Let us do it in a way that Is In accord with the spirit of America." Communist Opposes.

In contrast to Green's contention the bill constituted "a form of the committees were told by a communist leader. Herbert Benjamin, that his organization was "unqualifiedly opposed" to tho measure. Benjamin, speaking for the national committee of unemployed councils, said it would "legalize a system- of forced labor." He demanded unemployment Insurance and cash payment of the bonus. Earllciv Chairman Connery had suggested the bill in its present form was like a "draft act" under which men would he picked up on tho streets and forced to ao to the work camps for a year. Douglas MacArthur, army chief of staff, who was on the stand at the time, denied this interpretation.

Members of the committee pointed out the president had consented to modification of the legislation make it clear that tha enlistment would be voluntary. JAPANESE DIET TO ADJOURN TOMORROW TOKYO, March 24. The legislative program of the Japanese diet will be completed today, with adjournment ceremonies set for tomorrow. Emperor Hirohlto.was represented in formalities today by Premier Makoto Saito. contracts for the coming school year were discussed.

The annual spring track meet, and patriotic program will be held at Rocker next month. The recently enacted nepotism bill as it affects schools and various ether senate and house bills passed at the last session of the state legislature were also discussed. Among bills which, came tip for interpretation were Senate Bill 28. relating to the operation of school burses: Senate Bill 94. relating to the creation of school districts and the changing of their boundaries; Senate Bill in, (Continued on Page 2, Col.

6.) LABOR VOICES DISAPPROVAL TO MEASURE i i Committee IN THIS COUNTRY Letters Urging- A ction by United States Sent Jto ProminentPeople LONDON JOINS IN PROTEST -MOVEMENT In Meantime, Nazis Deny Tersecution, Threaten Papers Carrying Stories. NEW YORK, March 24. OP) FoTnmti6h-bta-prhvlsfbrral committee for protest "against atrocities- with a -Burton K. Wheeler Bishop Francis J. McConnell, William Allen wmtrafrd QUie' prominent persons listed as memupra was announced today as the American Jewish plans for mass protest meeting Monday night.

Theprovisfonal letter addressed to hundreds 4f4- Ampriran statesmen. Prill at. ors. 1 i linen 1 a rt TnrV.r. Ton- and non-Jews," the letter said.

"The victims include manjnof Germany leading writers, artists, scientists," musicians, physicians and surgeons, editors and publishers." Delegation Plan. From another quarter came news of a movement to send a delegation of German Americans to consult with the Berlin government in an elfort "to bring about a concilia tion of all factors affected." Sponsors of the movement, in cluding Dr. J. G. William Greef, commissioner of New York City hos pitals; Prof, touts A.

Ewald, and others, said "we cannot witness In silence the misfortune so imminent to Germany as a result of misun- (Continued on Page 2, Col. 2.) Ball of Fire Zips Across a Dixie Sky KANSAS CITY, March CP) A blazing meteor which apparently burst into, fragments as it. neared the earth turned early dawn into noon today over the Texas Panhandle. Northern New Mexico and parts of Colorado, Oklahoma and Arizona. Transcontinental and western air pilots traced the traS of fire from Winslow, to Albuquerque, N.

and to north of Amarillo, Texas. Many plainsmen were aroused by the glaring light. Pilot William Coyle. who flew here today from the West, viewed the phenomenon from his plane, nearly miles above ground. was cruising at, 9,500 feet elevation," Coyle said on his arrival in Kansas City, "when I first saw the meteor.

At first I thought it was a Hare, but as it gradually came-closer I' knew it was a meteor. "I tried my radio. It was paralyzed by interference. The bail of name grew nearer, traveling west to east, almost horizontally and at about the same elevation as my ship. "The light was intense, temporarily blinding me.

although it was 40 or 50 miles north. "It looked big as a hangar although that may be exaggeration, and a tail of debris extended 70 'Continued on Pag ll.Cnl. Government JEWISH CONGRESS SPONSORS MOVE Is SSM UE LPJ0HNS0NfF0RMER SILVER BOW COUNTY CORONER, IS FOUND DEAD FROM WOUNDS Body Discovered Near Butte-Melrose Highway With Two Bullet Holes in Head; Sheriff Weir Launches Intensive Investigation; Four Bullets Fired From Pistol Discovered Clutched in Butte Man's Hand. UIW OllU. UUMLWUKO UMU-Hii I cast of production The president meanwhile, watched intently the progress of thebilL Substitute Proposal.

Senator Smith, democrat, South Carolina, presented a substitute proposalwhich some privately intimated might be acceptable to the White House. This ould sharply curtail the contemplated grant of power to Wallace by eliminating a section of the ad ministration bill providing for reducing acreage through agreements with producers under a modify version of the domestic alktment plan. -The senate agriculture committee chairman's substitute would elimi- (Continued oh Page 11, Col. 1.) Samuel P. Johnson, 66, coroner of Silver Bow county in 1901 and 1902, and a resident of Butte for 45 years, was found dead with two bullet wound's in his head two miles from Melrose near the Butte-Melrose highway yesterday.

Sheriff Weir has launched an intensive investigation in the case. This was the. beginning of the present system. It meant that In dealing with other countries the admin istration' grantno favors in return for concessions to American "exporters. SinfTcoulcTdd vas to penalize" other countries If they did not grant every favor to lis that they granted to any other xountry.

for example, suppose Spain and Norway wished to make a bargain by which Spanish wine would be subjected to lower duties In Norway in return for lower Spanish duties on Norwegian fish Under our tariff policy Spain and Norway had either to give us the benefit of both sides of their bar gain or we would penalize their ex ports to the United States. in the tariff act of 1922 thepen- alty was raised to a 50 per cent tnr crease of duties, and in the Haw ley-Smoot act of 1930 the penalty was raised to the point where goods can be completey excluded. At the same time these two acts made the actual duties, even without the ex tra virtually prohibitive against any goods which can be produced in the United States. The result is that we find ourselves today with a tariff which is so high and so rigid that we cannot bargain with any country because we have nothing to offer, and our pen alties and threats are of no conse quence because, having already ex eluded xirtually all competitive we cannot frighten anyone by threatening to exclude them Having done our worst already our threats are meaningless. Being able neither to buy favors with concessions nor to prevent discrimination by.

our threats, we are now commercially defenseless. We have shot off all our ammunition and we have to stand by helplessly and see our trade being devastated by tariffs, quotas, administrative regulations and if hat not. It is plain that this is an "intolerable position to be in and that a remedy for it must be adopted. It is plain, too, that the essential remedy must consist in adopting a tariff policy which restores the interest (Continued on Page 2, Col. 4.) BUSHNELL TOLD OF DOUBLE KILLING, CELL MATE IN JAIL HERE TELLS COUNTY OFFICERS Labor Chief SajRaisihg Purchasing Power of Worker Would Be Aid to American Industry.

NEW YORK, March 24. (Pi-Frances Perkins tonight In her first speech since her appointment as secretary of labor said she believed her department should be to the wage-earners of the United States what the department of agriculture to the farmer." At a dinner given in her honor as the country's first woman cabinet member, Secretary. Perkins said: "I think the information which will help wage earners in their collective bargaining. In their struggle to protect themselves against disadvantageous environments and circumstances In the factories and mills and mines in which they work should come from the department of labor, "I think that when there -is a question in some far western city of benzoate poisoning and people 'becoming sick from that sort of thing they ought to be able to write to the department of labor and say: Kow can this be overcome'?" The diners, who filled the grand ballroom of the Hotel Commodore, give her an ovation. A long lift of speakers, including Mrs.

Franklin D. Roosevelt, who said, "The president asked me to 'Contmupd on Page 2, Col. 4.) F. J. GIES NAMED RELIEF CHAIRMAN HELENA, March 24.

'(TV Governor Cooney today appointed F. J. Gies, Great Falls businessman, chairman of the Montana relief commission, to succeed T. C. Spaul-ding of Missoula, who becomes director of relief.

The commission was created by the last legislature. Except for 'the chairman, no changes in its personnel were made by the new governor. Other, members are J. F. Kilduff of Malta, Eimer Holt of Miles City, D.

G. Stivers of Butte, and W. C. Lubrecht of Bonner. REGENT ANXIETY GIVES AWAY TO Dun and Bra'dstrcct, Reports Business Is Proceeding With More Vigor NW CONFIDENCE NEW YORK, Marcn and Jugoslavia and and Bradstreet, Weekly hPT or which might In-Revlew aid today that business was fringe -on the sovereignty of the and that! League of Nations; or might aim at A .41 revolver was clutched in his right hand.

The body, discovered by a passing motorist, was lying In Johnston's 80-acre homestead which borders the highway. Johnson had left his home here at 1024 Emma street, where his wife and a son reside, yesterday morning to visit his farm. Four 8hoU Fifed. Four bullets had been fired from the revolver was found In Johnson's hand, Uiidershrriff James Peopk-s and-Deputy- John Berger, who Investigated the affair, said. Two of the iullets had evidently entered the ground beside Johnson, the officers said.

The other two lodged in his head, according to the deputies. An inquest Into the death Will be held next week. Coroner Con Murphy announced. had made his home in Butte for man? years, left yesterday' morning-on the Oregon Short (Continued on Page 2, Cejl. 4 WEATHER.

Generally fair In east, unwUIed with occasional rain or snow In wet portion Saturday and Sunday; warmer In extreme eat portion in Fighting New York In attend a dinner in honor of Secretary of Labor Frances Prrkin. "Both times he got into fights. "The second tne was the worst. It was with a chow. I apolofiied most profusely to the woman who owned the chow, and fortnnatelT she was tery nice about It" James Dee Bond Tells Sheriff Weir Escaped Convict Told Rambling Story of First Wife.

A tale relating alleged activities of Harry Bushnell, fugitive from the Michigan state prison who committed suicide in the county jail here Thursday; was told authorities early this morning by James Dee Bond, who was Bushnell's cell mate for a week, sheriff's officers announced. (Continued on Page 11, Col. 3.) The pageant was staged 1n four parts: Swimming for health, swimming for safety, showing the latest methods in life saving; swimming for fun, showing stunts and diving. and swimming for sport. Several champions were seen in action.

Others included girls, and boys who have spent months in preparation for the event. The plunge was decorated with colored lights, arranged by Frank Herman. The gallery rail was crowded by parents, brothers, sisters and friends of the participants. Diving exhibitions exceptionally good, as were the illustrations of life-saving. Mifs Dorothy Coke was very clever in the part of a water clown.


Roosevelt Apologizes recent anxiety has given way to a sentiment of. renewed confidence. "That of. confidence nearly has. been' completed," said the agency, "is evident in the growing excess' of depesif'.

over withdrawals in the reopened banks, which now include more than .70 per cent of those in -operation before the holiday. "In the confusion which the uneven recovery of the last two weeks has brought with it, ever, signf tun "ias not ix-en loi oi basic readjustments still are to oe wrought and that, despite the strength In the commodity markets, no haste will be made to accumulate stocks cf raw materials cf merchandise until there is m-re certainty that expanded sali." "'ill have become more than- a pairing phase of tha-rebound. "The' nrcsent course seems leaa ratner to me auu strengthening of. existing levels, as too sharp a rise would carry the possibility of, a reaction equally abrupt." to: for Her German Police Dog 29 Officials From Eight Rural School Districts in Silver Bow County at Conference in Butte. Twenty-nine trustees of the eight rural school districts of Silvtr Bow-county met in the county courthouse yesterday to discuss existing f.chool leeislation affecting rural schools and preparation of the 1933- Pageant Presents Varied Features With Champions Taking Part to Be Repeated Tonight.

The gallery at the Y. M. C. plunge was crowded last night with Eutte residents to witness one of! the finest swimming exhibitions ever here. The pageant, ad-! as "Shew jig was arranged by B.

J. as a prelude to the annual grade school swimming event, scheduled far next week. It will be, repeated 1 Who Persists NEW TORK. Mareh 24. UP From now cn, if Mrs.

Franklin D. Roosevelt's police dog, wants to accompany her on her daily horseback rides Ihrongh Rock Creek park, Washington, hell have to wear a muzxle Tve taken him with me twice," she said today on her arriTal In 1334 school budgets. Miss Maybeiie Hogan, county superintendent of schools, was In charge of the meeting. Plans and estimates of the rural school budgets and teachers'.

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