Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois on August 21, 1886 · 1
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Chicago Tribune from Chicago, Illinois · 1

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Saturday, August 21, 1886
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I it If i E Lt - mt ftf .ua he ha Al Al led $ed twmatO ; MA ra. ET. , the iLL. Lk) la ;11 ENS :1 I .0..0. .;-, eat I I 'I 1 I I I LARGEST 1111 I Circulation 1MIR 1 IN THE WEST. I I VOLUME XLVI. SI ,m1111114MMMimm.., THE SCAFFOLD WAITS. FEVES DANGLING NOOSES TOR THE DYNAMITE FI EN Ds. reeWs l'i eek Spared and a Flfteen-Vear Term at Joliet SubstitutedHow the Prieenera Received the Verdict The t 'vie to Be Taken to the United States supreme Court If NeceesarySeenes in the Court-Boom, in the Jail, and On the street. The Anarchists trial came to an end yesterday. ,Seven of the prisoners were sentenced to death, and the eighth to fifteen years in the peuilentiary. The followmg is the verdict: We. the jury, find the derendants. August Spies, eietel Serie ule Samuel Fielden. Albert R. Par. ese,Adeipli Fischer. GeOrgt, Engel. and Louie lenge eeilty of murder in manner and form ItA rtiarel.1 in the indictment, and tie the penalty at dratle We find the defendant Oecar W. Neebe guilty et niurder in manlier and 1'01111 a,4 chilrged in tee so- venom, and tix the penalty at imprisoument let neetti var. Over 1,000 people were gathered around the crlalinal Court Building at 10 o'clock yestereay morning waiting the announcemeut of the verdict. The buildteg' was Surrounded by I cordon of police officers and the strictest precautions taken in the matter of admission. Tee only persons admitted besides the officers r ! tbe court and those engaged in the case were police officers. reporters, the immediate relatives of the prisoners, and a few favored members of the bar. The host of ladies who tare been in daily attendance at the trial toned themeelves rigorously barred out. Besidet the female relatives of the prisoners the only ledy who managed to pass the guards sets Mrs. Capt. Black. As a consequence of thla precaution there were fewer people in court when the verdict was announced than at any time since the beginning of the trial. In accordance with the instructions of the slate officials there wee a new order of arrangements in court. Tbe prisoners and their relatives, instead-of being together as before . were separated by the full width of the courteeicm, the prisoners being kept at one end and their relatives at the other. Mrs. and Miss . Feles, the mother and sister of the prisoner, woo were among the first arrivals In the . :court-room, found a line of police officers between them and their customary seats. The eirotnen wereautbered to the rear of the south-West section Ot the court-room, hitherto occupied by the lemale sectson of the general audiewe. Inre. Parsons arrived cext, and showed Ler siirprise when directed to the distant coreier where the Spies people were penned beIleni a double row of officers. Mrs. Schwab. Mrs. Ames, and two or three other women were led to the same corner. and even Mrs. i li ack, wbo mauaged to get to her usual seat, was subeenueutly obliged to join the other women on the outside benches. The seats of the prisoners were removed to tue itoutheast aisle adjaining the corridor leading to the jail. The prisoners were brouirtit In at 9:50. Spies came firs, followed by lieebe, Schwab, Parsons, Field en, Fischer, leugg, and Engel in the order named, that being :the order in which they usually sat. They 'were manifestly surprised at not being permitted to enter the forum. Parsoas' scat chanced to be directly opposit the open w In-(low. Before sitting down be looked out at the surging crowd see Michigan street; then be suddenly leaned forward in tbe window, and, pulling out. Ins blood-red handkerchief. waved it at the crowd on the street. Schwab leo glanced into the street, and, turning to Parsons. said in English: eI wise 1 could go down and tnake those fellows a seeeelt." .: All of the prisoners look white and frignttied, but the one in which the greatest change was observable was Neebe- Hitherto Neebe has been unconcerned. the opinion of his coune el and of the public being that be would be disebarged. lie bast evidently received intiniaboo Of the finding of the jury. het customary jaunty indifference being exchanged for cower-lies fright. epies and lescher looked ghastly eaie, aud Lingir and Fieloen looked as if they bad not slept tor a week, their bloodshot eyes Cud pall d features indicating a full knowledge e t tiler impending doom. ecberab. Engel, and Parsons were as white as the rest, but mate their customary calmness. The prisoners were in eucti a position that they were shut vut iron the view of their relatives and of most of the occupants of the court-room. e I have seen the prisonets and they expect tbe worst." said Capt. Bieck to the reporter. e But they laugh at death." he added, "and no matter what happens they won't show the white feather." The jury, who had been escorted from the kevere eHouse nearly an bour before court opened, i,ere ushered into court at 9:55. Just Ka the jury was coming in Parsons looked up at the policemen, who were facing him, and ball' shouted: e 1 don't want to be stared at by these officers," following this with the remark. sotto Wee : " 1 didn't come here to be made a Show of." The jury had spent the Intervening time in the grand jury rooms on the third floor, and were brought into court through one of the main entrances instead of toe customary route of the eastern corridor. There was perfect ettliness in court as the jury took their seats. Juege Gary repeated his customary admonitions regarding the necessity for perfect order said absolute stlenee. "Have you agreed on your verdict, gentlemen?" aseed the court in his ordinary mattertestact tones. Juror Frank S. Osborne, who occupied the lest heretofore occupied by Juror Mauls itt the west end of the rear row of jurors, arose In Lis place and replied: . " we have." "Have you your verdict ready?" "We have," replied Mr. Osborne. Mr. Osborne held in tes band a large roil of document, enneisting of the instructions Of the court and ether papers given to the jury. These be laid Co the clerk's desk. Teen be itivel Into his breasepocket and produced two sheets of minuscript, folded together, which be banded to the clerk. "There are two verdicts here," said Clerk Boyle, glancing over the papers. Judge Gary took the manuscript out of the series bands and gemmed over it. "There Is only one verdict," said toe Judge, "but it is written on two sheets of paper. teed it." The verdict was then read, as given above. As the verdict was read Parsons turned his , lace to the window and whietied softly through ' he half-compressed lips. As the sentence was tompleted Parsons cowed to the crowd and, I making a loop in the curtain cord. be dangled 1 It out of the window with a broad smile, eetwati fell back in his seat, and clutching Par5O14. arm gasped in German, " My God, we , tlie, and Neehe gets but fifteen years." I Instantly there was a rush of reporters and i ethers out of the room to carry the news to the Il'ut'lle, and in less than a minute the cheers of g the crowd on the street were beard in the eourt-room. The cheere arose louder end 4 1Ieler outside, while the Judge energetically 1 tritA to restore order wnhin. IWe request of Capt. Black the jury" Were P')eed, and in response to the question of the s"ei: "Mr. --. was this and is this esrt verdict?" each juror arose in his place 1 bee firmly responded, "It is." sl 1:eet Betel formally moved for a new trial, s Cl i III a few minutes an agreement was made . letween the Captain, Mr. Grinnell, and the 'court that the motion b LI ould be argued at the Itrete neer term. Mee Judge Gary in a few graceful words "eked the jury tor their arduous services. . Juror Remote who said be bad been deputed r,sr tee purpose, made a little speech of thanks lute court and the counsel for their courtesy ezd their care of the jurors. The jury wies ; 11.1eG e th scorted back to e grand jury room e- u ) leaei and the court formally adjourned. leeliediatelv after the reading of the verdict 10C3 It!4!11 Judge Gary in a few gracetut worus 4nsed the jury tor their arduous services. ler.. 1 ' .1..urof Hrayton who said be bad been deputed led. 1'ir tre wirpose, made a little speh ec of thanks . 'utbt court and the counsel for their courtesy !- ---- . laeG a o itrld their care f the jurors. The jury wie,z I),ty , . .scorted back to the grand jury room UP .,. - , .) 1"an'i and the court formally adjourned. ;. .-- -- -;- , itumediately after the reading of the verdict ,1V 1 1"0 Prtsoners were led back to jail. As they 6 . ' i 1J6 '' 1 !"re being led back through the elevated iron T.1 v,,,a1...'lligeway k'leiden required support. Liugg de&r.'5 1 t Engel walked Idrmiy and snowed no emo.e'''- A 41 ivies and Fischer looked vale, but re- ; 1 !lilted their strengtn. Scbwab tottered behind lie3 erect and deetint Parsons, who lost none of .1.------: 1 vtl!s Texan nerve. flat it was on Neebe tfult the 70 .6, '1011 117 1c1 heaviest. He bad been confident of I sic,iulttal. while seated in the bailiff's room 3- 16i. s 14;1,1 u:ght be was asked by lialdif Seiden : .00 "hat will you take r.ght now as a compro. ..- i ,, . mise sentence?" "Not one hour," stoutly declared Neebe. The whole proceedings in court occupied less than ten minutes. While the lawyers and reporters were chatting Over the result of the trial a shriek arose from the women's benches, and it was seen that Schwalo'n young wife was In hysterics. The other women raised her up on the bench and tr,ed to keep her quie t. but their ettorts Only seemed to make her shriek the louder. Mrs. Schwab, who is a sisterof ricionaubelt, the bomb-thrower and wto has been only a short time maried, does not understand English. and did not know what the verdict was until intormed by one of the women after court hRn adjourned. She was finaily pacified by the efforts ol Mrs. Black, and was then assisted out of court by her friends. Mrs. and Miss Spies left the room before the proceedings be- gan. Mrs. Parsons sat firmiy througn it all, lad aftor the adjournment made her way across the room and shook bands with Mr. Foster. She remained in the court-rooni for the next ball-hour or more talkmg with the counsel and reporters. Carriages were provided to convey the jurors to their homes. The first one to COMO downstairs was poor Brayton, who said be did not want any Carriage. Mr. Brayton was escorted to the corner of Clark street by a couple of detectives . and was not recognized by the crowd. Then came Maj. Cole, who hovered around the State's-Attorney's office for awhile chattmg with the State officials and who Was the last, ju ror to leave the building. Tne carriages were ordered around to the Dearborn avenue entrance, and the crowd followed with evident intent to see and cheer the jury. By a little misunderStanding of tne bailiffs the jury were led to the Michigan street entrance and waited on the steps some minutes for the carriages that were out of sight. Juror Osborne walked down to the sidewalk and shook bandit warmly with Capt. Schaack, who was men sending a man after the carriages. One of the jurors suggested that they go back to the Revere House, and the suggestion was at once adopted, the jurors being escorted by several detectives and reporters. The crowd. finding its mistake, soon surrounded the Revere House, but the jury eventually managed to get away without receiving the intended welcome. August Kruinin, the Anarchist who testified that be had lighted his cigar in the alley just before the bomb was thrown, stood directly Opt)4qt the main entrance of the building. He was kept under close surveillance, and could not have raised his arm without being seized. A man who gave the card of A. Smith, jeweler. at No. 75 Madison street, created some excitement as the jury was being taken from the Revere Rouse to the carriages which were to take them home. He refused to wet out of the way, grew impudent to the police, kind was bustled away. THE FORMAL PROCEEDINGS. What the Shorthand Reporter's Notes Show. At three minutes before 10 o'clock Judge Gary mounted the bench and the Sherars hammer IOU calling the court to order. The jury filed in from a side door preceded by two deputies, aud with grave faces took their seats in the box. As the last one subsided into his chair the court rose and said: "All spectators, everybody except the officers of the couit. must be Beate(' and all must preserve absolute silenceno noise whatever." No more Intense silence could have been had than that which fell upon all the court-room at the Judge's command, and the shadow of the gallows seemed to be cast upon every occupant of the cnamber. Leaning over the rail which surrounds the bench thfs court asked the foreman of the jury: "Have you agreed upon your verdict?"' We have," replied Foreman Osborne In a steady, calm, but determined voice. as if he telt tee full weight of the responsibility attaching to the verdict tweet to he rendered. "Have you Written It out?" inquired the court. "Yes, sir," replied the foreman, banding up two sheets of paper to the court, who passed them to Deputy-Clerk Doyle with a direction to read. Mr. Doyle looked over the papers a moment, ano,, raising them so that the light trom the outside would enable him to wet a better view of the judgment of twelve selected American citizene. awl through them the judgment of civilization upon anarchy, he read the following verdict: We, the jury. find the defendants Ausi,ust Spies. Michel Solva-ab. Shmuel Fielden. Albert R. Parsons. Adolph Fischer. 4, ieorge Engel. and Louis Lingg guilty ot murder in manner and form as charged in the indictment, and lix the penalty tit death. We hod the defendant Oscar W. Neebe guilty of murder in manner and form as charged in the indictment. and fix the penalty at imprisonment in the penitentiary for fifteen years. As tne verdict was beirig read and the names of.the condemned were spoken by the Clerk a little thrill seemed to pass alone the Sine of set, white laces in the prisoners' dock, and even Neebe, the one lone monument of the mieplaced mercy of the jury, participated in the chill which fell upon the hearts ot the trapped assasins. When silence was restored Capt. Black rose with an effort, and, with a pallor in bis cheek which was a twin brother of that which illumined with its gbastiy whiteness the faces ot the condemned, said to the court with fluke voice: " We desire that the jury be polled." The court looked down at the Jury and said: " Each juror, as his name is called, wilt stand up and trower to the question wnich will be asked The Clerietook the jury list, the jury resumed their seats, and as each name was tailed the owner thereof stood up and answered: "JAMES H. COLE. "Was this and is this now your verdict?" " Yes, sir." 44s. C. RANDALL, " Wee this and is this new your verdict?" "It is." "C. B. TODD. I. Was this and is this now your verdict?" "It is." "T. E. DENKER, " Was this and is this now your verdict?" "It is." " CHARLES A. LUDWIG. "Was this and Is this now your verdict?" "It is." FRANK S. OSBORNE, gI Was this and is this now your vernict?" , "It is." 4.1. M BRAYTON, "Was this and is this now your verdict?" "it Is." "ssepaew HAMILTON, " Was this and Is this now your verdict?" "Yes, sir." "JOHN D. GREINER, "Was this and is this now your verdict?" "It is." " G. W. ADAMS, "Was this and is this now your verdict?" "1.-es, sir." "A. H. REED, "Was this and is this now your verdict?" "It is." " H. T. SANFORD. s, was this and Is this now sour verdict?" "It is." Arter the answer of each individual juror had confirmed the verdict of the wnole bony, Capt. Black saki: "We desire to Mak a motion for a new trial on behalf of tho defendants." "If the court please," said Mr. Grinnell. "I suppose, on the entry of a motion for a new trial. and the impossibility and inability. in fact. to dispose of that motion during tbe present term. the bearing or the MOHOR bad better be continued until the next term." Capt. BlackYes, we will agree to that. That will be until the September term. The courtThat will be two weeks front next Monday. ).1r. GrinnellIt is not absolutely necessary that it should be called up in the first part of the term. I desire a tow days of rest, myself. The courtU. no. No formal continuance of the motion is necessary. Let the motion be entered and continued until the next term, and let We delendants be taken back to the jail. Mr. GrinnellLet the defendants be remanded. I believe that is all the business the &ate has for the court this morning. The prisoners passed out in charge of the deputies. The court requested the jury to rise and face him. welch they did, and Judge Gary addressed them as follows: "Gentieinen of the jury. you have iln!shed this long and very arduous trial. which has reeuired a very considerable sacrifice of time and some hardship. I hope that everything has been done that cou;i1 possibly be done to make this sacrifice and hardship as mild as might be permitted. It does not become me to say anything- in regard to the case that you have tried or the verdict you nave rendered, but men compulsorily serving as jurorS, as you Dave done. deserve some recognition of the service You have performed beside the -'------- -: 1The Defendants. SATURDAY, meager compensation you are to receive. You are discharged from further attendance upon this court. I understand that some carriages are in attendance to convey you from this place. Certificates for your attendance fees as jurors you can get at any time in the future." Mr. GrinnellThey are being made out now. so that the Jurors may get them before they go away. The courtCan they be brought up here? Mr. GrinnellYes, sir; they will be brought to the jury-room. The court was about to dismiss the jury, when one of the members of that body addressed the court as follows: "I wish to say that the jury have deputed to me the only agreeable duty that it is our province to perform.and that is to thank the court and the counsel for the defense and for tne prosecution for all your kindly care to make us as comfortable as possible during out confinement. We thank you all." "I am very grateful," replied the court, "for the good opinion you expressed of me. and I have no doubt the counsel in the case &hare that feeling with me." The Jury passed out, and the court announced: "There will be no further business done in this court today "and the great trial was ended. TO BE CARRIED UP. Gen. Parsons Says the Case Will Be Taken to the United States Supreme Cotirt.' . s Gen. Par:Mils, the brother of . the deft . lent A. R. Parsad: aons, sad: "To give some a bority to my views let me tell you that I have seitved my State upon the Supreme Bench, baying been appointed by Gov. Hansborough Bell, and that as a lawyer I have closely wetched this case. From the exceptions taken on the rejection of the instructions sougbt, thereetill be a reversal of this verdict, and especially upon the charge sought by the counsel for the defense,--the constitutional right of the people to assemble peaceably for the discussion of the redress of grievs since& The charge was asked that the sovereignty of the people in their prima' y assemblage had guaranteed by an express provision of the Constitution 0. right which the Federal Government is not allowed to abridge, and bad reserved to the people by the express letter of the manic law the right or peaceful assemblage, and declared it shall not be abridged. If there is an occasion in the history of mankind or in the history of republics wnen the right to repel invasion upon the sovereignty of the people is inherent and inalienable it is here, for it is in this case expressly provided by constitutional law. There is tee prohibition to abridge coupled witn the primitive ritrist of the peopie to resist invasion of it, so here is a crime aeainst constitutional liberty by the invasion by armed foes either by the Federal army, me State militia, or the municipal police. Aim Congress is prohibited from abridging it, and as the major includes the minor, all tutees authorities are absolutely Prohibited from abridging it. When a lawful assembly is convened to discuss grievances the people are in - primary assemblage, the source whence proceed by resolutioe and notnination all officers of the Government, the servants of the people, from the President to the lowest subordinate. It is the only place where the people cart convene for the redress of their grievances or to express opinions, which may be formulated ultimately into law, upon the subject of the conduct of government. It is the sozse place where they can express this. The right to defend this is as sacred in the individual as to defend banseit according to the fiest law of nature: tin State may do the same, the people way do tee same ill tneir Federal capacity. It is simply a question of the degree of force necessary to repel any aggression. "And in this case a degree of force was resorted to which as an instrument of power has been recognized in the torpedo systems of all the naval powers of the wend, and will be rapidly utilized by the armies of the earth, when the terror inspired by such force will not only limit warfare to the narrowest possible form, but will drive nation a to a resort to arbitration. I. led l like saying that the right of peaceful assemblage is upon trial. and not these men for the crime by impiication when they were absent from the scene of carnage. It Is a coestitutional question of the right of the people to repel attack upon a peaceful and lawful assemblage; it is a quesoon that transcends all others. It is paramount to the lives of these men, because it involves the foundation rights of 60,000.0110 of the Amere can people. if this constitutional privilege is abridged by public verdicts expressive of the inflammatory sentiment of the hour it is time that mankind should know it, because history has been written and remains yet to be written. "Anarchy was on trial in this verdict and not toe crime of the killing of Degan. The friends of the defendants will be pertectly calm and composed because of their supreme confidence in the clear analysisot the law as applied to the facts wnicb will be given by the Supreme Court of the State of Illinois and On the constitutional question by the Supreme Court of the United States. The Supreme Court of Illinois is not the final arbiter of this case on this constitutional question of the right of the people peaceably to asseniole without any abridgment of the resist by Congress, State, or municipal power. By the seventh article of the Constitution of the United States it is deciarect that 'The Constitution et the United Stetes is the supreme law of the land (including the right of assemblage without abridgement), and it also declares teat the Judges of all the States are bound thereby. the Constitution and laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.' Should the Supreme Court of Illinois deny the right of the people to defend themselves in the exercise of the right of assembly against unlawful attack, the case will be appealed by writ of right to the United State!' Supreme Court. I abhor the word anarchy. Its disciples declare it means peace and not disorder. However obnoxious its supposed tenets. It will not do-to violate the Constitution to break up an obnoxious assemblage. (ince done, no Republican or Democratic meeting is safe from municipal interterence, resulting in the anarchy we seek to avoid by this verdict. " It is the brother who speaks now. To admit by my silence that there is any criminality In defending by any force known to science the sacred and inviolaule sovereignty of peaceable assemblage of the people against an unlawful and unconstitutional attacis and abridg. . A UG UST 21 1880- SIXTEEN . PAGES. :;-111; ..1 2Capt. Black. 3Mrs. Black. 4State-Attorney Gtatnnell. 5Judge Gary. 6Foreman Osborne. ment of such a gurranteed right is in itself' a crime. This was not a case of homicide, but constitutional defense." Black and Zeigler. Later In the day Capt. Black and Mr. Zeigler became more communnative. Capt. Black said: I was never so shocked in all my experience a? I was this morning,. I should not have been more horrified had I myself received the death sentence. I bad expected a conviction, of course. But seven men convicted to bang! We did not expect an acquittal from a Jury so prejudiced, but such a verdict as thia destroys a good deal of my faith In human nature. Mr. Grinned had in his closing argument placed the defendants in the order in which be considered them guilty, beginning with Spies and endine with Neelie, and anv ordinary jury would have seen from that that be did not expect conviction in ail cases. When asked about the grounds on which the case would be taken to the Supreme Court be said: The principal point that I care to say anything about at present was the prejudice of the jury. It was an entirely unprecedented thing to admit into the jury box men who admitted that they were prejudiced against the class of people to whom the defendants belonged. Judge Gary overruled us every time, and said that it made no difference if a juror was prejudiced against Socialists, Communists, end Anarchists, and admitted them all. Judge Gan' admitted that his rulinus in this matter went farther than an precedents he knew of or had been able to find. This prejudice once admitted into the jury box was carefully fostered and nourished. It became part of the State's proof that these men were Anarchists. Judge Gary refused ati instruction sought by us that the jury must disregard their prejudice. and not take into acoonnt the fact that the defendants were Anarchists. I think there Is fatal error In that alone if the Supreme Court will have the courage tO declare the law as it is. There are some other -Important points which we intend td- bting before the Supreme Court which I do not care to speak about just now." Mr. Zeisler agreed with Cant. Black that the conviction was a conviction of anarchy, not of the defendants personally. It was a conviction by prejudice, and not upon the evidence. If they bad known what the scope of the testimony would be, and bow much prejudice would be admitted, they would not have accepted Parsons' over to return and give himself up. The motion for a new trial will be made at the September term of the Criminal Court. and will probably be overruled. The appeal to the Illinoia Supreme Court cannot go up before the November term, when the court sits at Mount Vernon. Then, with the mass of evidence to eo through the Supreme Court cannot give a decision earlier than the January term. when they meet at Springfield. When the case goes to the United States Supreme Court there Is no telling when it will be reached. AT THE JAIL. llow the Prisoners Looked and Aeted Behind the Bars. When the prisoners reached the jail they were left In a large cage immediately to tho right of the entrance. where they were joined by their lawyers, who tried to cheer them. Capt. Black spread himself on a table and tried to look cheerful, and chatted and laughed with the prisoners. They had not lost their T-ft;r7:7T 1,1 I - t ,..4, --,..ttilii2:!ifLy!ii ; l!'l ' 47 -1- '47"-..--,t---1:, 1 --,! , it-fq,,,, t (1., .1 , ,,...,, 1 In . , Fl A, .-: ,''''. LrIlfe.;--..., MURDERERS' ROW MORINO EAST FROM FIRST GALLERY. composure. Parsons was smiling and was almost hilarious: Spies had a strange, excited expression in his eyes, the expression of the fanatic who does not care for the conse: onences. This feature of character be has never displayed before. Lingg and Engel appeared unconcerned, Schwab was indifferent, Fielden boperul; Neebe was affected more than any or the rest. He had calculated on an acquittal. Their bearing caused Mr. Zeisier to remark: " Why, they don't care; they would as willingly die as go to the penitentiary." About noon Jailer Folz gave orders to re-Move the condemned Anarchists irom their cells on the second tier of the north corridor to "murderers' row," which is on the same tier, but facing south. and all toe cells in it are in lull view of the door leading from the Jail office to the "care." The order to " move" was given by Jailer Folz in his usual commonp.ace styieit is said that Folz hasn't any teood. It wits complied with by the Anarchists with alacrity, laughing and Jesting with one another as they gathered their little traps together and marched to the narrow cells which are to be their brief trystnigplace until they are rilaced in the narrower counties or their graves. The condemned are arranged in cells numbered as follows: Spies, 30; Parsons. 29; Fischer, 28; Fielden. 27; Schwab, 26: Engel, 23; !Amur, 22. Neebe, whose neck was saved by a " scratch," asked permission to be allowed to take up his qua& ters with his comrades in criale, and his request was granted, being assigned cell No. 21. Schwab occupies the cell from which Silvestri, one of the brutal trio of Italian murderers, marched to the gallows not quite a year ago, and the cells of Azzari and tielardi, who were banged with Silvestri, were occupied by Field-en and Fischer respectively. Spies occupies the cell next to the one occupied by the Late legally-stranded Mr. Jacobson. The murderers were lucked up ad the afternoon until 4 o'clock, when they were allowed to exercise among themselves. Their I 0 .4 1())4) "A2 ."(Ala''' , t..Ott: )----cot t came down to the "cage," where numbers of friends were waitinw to speak with each of them. Spies hadn't Much to say, but he was by tar more serious than he had been at any it 14--"dL II 11 spins' SISTER AND MOTHER. time during the trial. His gravity greatly contrasted with the chirp appearance and actions of his sister, who was taiking and laughing with everybody who addressed her in the recess outside the cage lielden was engaged in talking to his wile and some women friends. Mrs. Spies, mother of August, and Mrs. Schwab were the only persons in the strange throng that showed any signs of weeping. Parsons leaned up against the wire screen regaling a knot of reporters with his ideas on advanced Socialism and the needed change in the social order." His ruling passion is strong with himhes will talk on his crank bobby of II -.p.,.:. SCHWAB AND Ills WIFE. Communism. After rattling away for about half an hour a reporter interrupted him with the quesuon: "Did you expect the verdict as rendered?" "I did not. The baste of the jury in arriving at a verdict shows that they bad condemned us before they beard the evidence. The rulings of the Judge were brutally partial to the prosecution, and that honorable in THE NORTH CORRIDOR WHERE THE GALLOWS WILL. STAND. dividual in his charge as much as ordered the Jury to send forth the at tor our murder." "Do you expect any relief from the Supreme Court?" " Yes. I believe the verdict will be set aside. It must be so." "If you think the Judge and jury were bent upon taking ycur life you should bear the expression or opinion of citizens at large On the streets. They are unanimous in demanding the death of you seven. and to all appearances there is not a shadow of hope between you and eternity." " WelL perhaps so; perhaps sol thia is particularly rough on me. I was never arrested in my lirenot even in this case, for I gave myself up. The hardest thing for me to bear is the separation from my children. However, I have practiced wnat I preached, and I tell you now, with the gallows staring me in the lace, that if I were let out of here tomorrow I would immediately set about pushing forward the principles the practice of which has brought me to the brink of eternity." Schwab and Fielden bad nothing to say and Ling and Engel were doggedly and sullenly reticent. At 5 o'clock Mrs. Parsons came into the jail with a basket of provisions for her husband. She said she was astonished with we verdict in so tar as her husband was concerned. Had she given vent to the feelings that she was trying to suppress the damp air and dim light of the jail corridor would have borne a lividly red and very hot aspect. The deatb-watch will not be put over me condemned men for several days. The Anarchists are the toy convicted murderers in the jail. The cells of most of the convicted Anarchists oc,it very much alike. Spies' cell is a little different front the rest. A lot of books were r ,z 7-' distributed round the sides and on the table . and an arm-chair stood beside the bed. A bou SPIES. CELL. quet of flowers was standing on the Boor. Nearly every one of the cells had a bouquet, but the prisoners were not In a mood to think much of flowers. THE JURY'S WORK. now They Spent Their TimeTheir Deliberations. Mr. C. B. Todd. a clerk in the Putnam Cloth-big House. was one of the trite; four jurors chosen. He was been by a reporter shortly after his release. I'm glad it's all over, I assure you," be said; "It has been a trying ordeal," and seeing that be had perpetrated a joke tile ex-juror smiled. "I was cm the jury for eight unbroken weeks. Bailiffs were with us constantly, shutting of all conversation. The court-room was hot and stuffy. and toe worst of all was that we got no exercise. I am used to taking sharp walks daily, and the deprivation told on my health. All the jurors sufferedemore or less from the confinement. We grew restless, sleepless, and nervous. Headaches, and flies, and the beat were always with us. But when we first met as a body we determined to fight it out to the end. You noticed that we were a dignified and attentive jury. 'Well, we blocked eut just that policy. and faithfully followed it. We decided to be distaut, although courteous, with the lawyers and sharply attentive to the proceedings. In sp to of 111-bealth and inconvenience we carried ths out." When did you reach your verdict?" "0, we were tinished before 7 o'clock. Our deliberations we deciued not to make public, so of course I can tell you nothing about than" "What effect did Grinnell' s speech have?" "A great deal, certainly. although I think that most of the jurymen bad reached a conclusion in reward to the guilt of the defendants before the speecte It clarified matters. however. The neep earnestness with white) he spoke and the evident fearless honesty of the luau impressed us all. Foster. too, made a telling speech. I think that ot all the lawyers engaeed In the trial nnne bad creater influence with tne jury. lie is a very potent pleader with men whose sympathies are keen, but Irons the start, as I said, we determined to be moved only by facts by the evidence. Yes, Foster made a good speech." "How were you impressed with Gilmer's testimony?" "Well, it was corroborated, you know. The testimony impressed me as strong, and, I think, it bad effect with the other jurors. We were it verr companionable jury. and schemes for killing time wnen we were not in court were plentiful. Maj. Cole played the vio- I lin, Osborne and Reed played the - gut- tar, others played the piano, and we all sang. It was - very pleasant. Of course we had a few books, and they were well-fingered. Webster's Dictionary fur-nestled an excuse for critieising the lawyers' grammar and pronunciation.- - The thing that troubled us most was our utter itiCtiatiOn. We , bad bardly an Plea of what was taking place in the outer world. We knew from the crowd, edcourt-room and streets that the ieterest in the trial was very keen, , and I think this spurred us on toms our duty." - Air. Todd will leave the city at once for Minnesota, where his son is lying A reporter called on M. Ancirew Hamilton, one of the jury in Anarchist trial, at his residence on Forty-third street last evening. 'Mr. Hamilton sad that the jury bad agreed even before they were warned not to say anything of what transpired In the jury-room concerning the verdict, ana be thought that the agreement would be kept. "We were treated splendidly both by the hotel people and the court. Judge Gary did everything in his power to make our positions easier and less tryingthat is, as far as be could under the law. At times the air in the court-room was terrible, owing to toe windows being closed, and I could hardly keep awake. I believe some of the papers noted the fact that I was nodding, and I acknowledge Beet the air was such that it made me vete, drowsy. We bad the newsnapers, but everything about the trial was clipped, and we had Cot the slightest idea of what people thought of us, and after a time we were all the better satisfied that we did not bear anything. Our friends were not allowed to talk to us about the trial. and the bailiffs were very conscientious about their clipping. We, on the other hand. did not wake any indication, as tar as I know. as to bow we felt to any of the counseL In short, these treutlemen told us that they never bad encountered so puzzling a Jury: they could not make Out whether they had made any impression or not. " Although everything was very comfortable, yet our nerves were in such a state that we could not rest well, and I am looking forward to learning again how to sleep. I tell you, it IS something to have the lives of eight men depending on you, when you come to think coolly of it. Tile strain on the counsel was worse than on us. When Mr. Grinnell came in after the verdict be eaid be was not able to talk, but wanted to see us. He bad bad a nervous shock the night before for tbe erst time in his life. Of all the pleas there was none affected the jury like Mr. Grinnell's closing arguments, and fairly aroused our sympathy. black and Foster had no such ellects Walker did very well but was rather heavy. The most tiresome and weary task I ever had was to listen to Ildr. Zeister. Perhaps it was his way of looking at thews, but it was very tiresome. We certainly tried to act for the best under the circumstances and hope we have not failed. The outside world made no impression on us and wuat they would think made no difference whatever. What they would think was not even allowed to be mentioned In the Jury-room. The weight of the evidence was the only thing we dared to consider. "A very great change was noticeable in the prisoners.. Bete re the evidence came in they behaved as though they were at some place of amusement. Only recently have they seemei to tudy appreciate their position. I was really sorry for Fischer. he changed very greatir as the trial went on, and looked fairly naggard. I remarked to one of the jury that I snould not be at all surprised if that man broke down and confessed. Parsons was as defiant and Impudent right through as when he waved his red handkerchief at the window. Teat was done before the verdict was given. Alter we came In it was a pretty serious matter. and I tuink there was no more waving of flags. "I hope I Shall never be called on a jury again. it's a position for a man ot less heart and teellue than L" One of the turots who was being treated by hts fellow-citizens with spoetaneous hospitaetv said yesterday: " Wby, the arguments of Black and Foster made no impression on us. See bad the evidence before us. We bad made up our minds If Settler's testimony was corroborated by indetiendent testimony to eonvict every one of the prisoners. Every man on the jury was an American. We bad no toleration tor reeentiy-imported preactiers of assasinatem. The technical questions of Juror Brayton seemed to afford some hope to the couusei for the defense. He was the most forcible adVOCate of the verdict rendered. Ile noted tbe evidence from dav to day, and gave les fellow-jurors a complete summary thereof within half an hour after the case was SU btnitted. Juror Reed remarked to him that be appeared to have a brief in the case. Ludwig was auother juror in whom tne defense had some confidence. They probate" thought that because et his German parentaito be would try to save the 'prisoners from the stalkless. Like every honest IGerman-American ceizen be wanted the di,6- VieS 3lost summartly punhinedand voted 1 ByC PRICE to do so wit, tion it may b more gratetu; Wont German-They have no Spies and Linn H API Pleased at the Ve the Death of The. Anticipated. The pollee bad Inside lin, the verdict. would be Thursda, a to their homes prepared to bear the I, announcement without surprise. They all pressed their pleasure at the result yesterday . and the men who have been directly interested and at work upon the case sat about the diff.ikeent stations yesterday claiming that they were entitled to one day's rest- But during the afternoon the question "What next" came up andawas quietly discussed. Within the last day or two there has been a ruiner floating about that in case the result of the tiial was favorable the remaining Anarehi slit and sympathizers would be Pushed to toe extent of the law. One story bad it that nearly fifty itrrests would follow upon the vonvie-. tion of the leaders, and to officer quite familiar with the detells of the work was approached upon the subject. "As soon as we get things straightened out,'' said no. "we'll go to work again on this same case. We've got theta on the run now, and I think the way to stamp out anarchy is to push the whole lot As soon as the next graud jury meets the parties who have been indicted for conspiracy or riot will, I think. be taken before It and indicted for murder under the sarhe construction of the evidence that nested to the present conviction. We haven't reached the bottom of that conspiracy yet, but once we get the whole crowd frightened and under arrest Its devilish details are sure to come out, for some of them Ere bound to squeal." There are a lot of mem, aoout thirty. I believe, under bonds or locked in the County Jail now, and beginning tomorrow afternoon Or next day about twelve or fourteen more will be arrested. That's the only way to get rid of these people. Push them to the wall." Cept. Schanck and Other officers In command were Questioned as to whether any arrests had as yet been made, and at once answered in the negative. They also persisted in the statement that they did not know whether there would be any more poisons arrested or indicted. Mr. Grinnell was not at all deficit in his statements. He said that a number of men were already indicted, and perhaps it would be found necessary to take further steps to convince these Anarchists that liberty in America did not mean license to committ murder. The day squads were held at the East Chicago Avenue. Larrabee Street, and Webster Av. enue Stations thirty minutes yesterday evening in obevanee of Capt. Schaack's orders. Muster was held in eflu12 station at S o'clock, one hour later than usual, owing to the heavy WOriE of the day. The day forces were held as reserve until $:30, when they were dismissed. The stations were guarded merely by toe patrol crews and the seven or eight extras sena regularly sleep on the premises. A guard squad of ten men, under Officer Harry liughes, was detailed to the County Jail last nigtit Capt. Schaack declared that be bad no arreSts in view for the night. Indicted Conspirators. Besides the principals convicted yesterday. the men indicted for conspiracy and riot are Christ Spies, Lorenz Herman, Balt hazer Rau. Victor Clermont,. Gruenewald, Bernhard Sebrade, Gustav Breitenfeld. Gottfried Wailer, Hermann Muenzenlyerg, Gustav Lehmann, Otto Lehmann, William Schubert, John Tube-ben, William Hagemanm Abraham Hermann, Peter !tuber, Ernst Huebner, Anton Hirsehberger, William 8. Snyder, Thome Brown, John Apel. Of these Snyder and Brown are in jail, the remainder being out under bonds of $400. Apel was released yesterday. Snyder and Brown will be remembered as witnesses In the murder trial. , They were at the meeting of the American group at No. luT Fiftit avenue Tuesday, May 4, and went to the baymarket along with Parsons and Fielden. Besides these there are indictments against Rudolpti Schnaulielt, whose whereabouts are unknown, and Wilhelm Seliger, who will probably be let off in return for having terned. State's evidence. All the conspiracy indietments will be pushed to toe end. Mr. Grinned thinks there ought to have been Indictments against more. and therefore is not willing to let these men off. The cases will be taken Up when they are reached in the regular course , of business. Nothing will be done until the September term, to which time court has been adjourned. THE REDS AND THEIR FRIENDS. How the Verdict Is Regarded front Their Point of ViewGruenbut Says It Will the Signal for a Revolt. Joe Gruenbut, the Socialist who by favor of Mayor Harrison bolds a niece on the city's payrolls, was asked what he thought of the verdict. "It will be the signal for a general revolt of labor against capital," be replied. "The verdict In Itself is au outrageous violation of the end principles of liberty and justice. It 3s a class verdict; it is the verdict of capitalists stud the representatives of capital, and is giveo In the ieterests of capital regardless of law and justice and the rights of the people.. Why, they 1, might as well have sentenced you or me to fifteen years in the penitentiary as Neebe. There was no evidenee against him. It the Jury bad regarded the evidence and the facts they would never have convicted any of the prisoners." "You think the verdict was one on general principlesthat the prisoners were convicted for anarchy, or because they were AmarcnIsis? "No; I thing they were convicted to crush the labor movementconvicted because they represented that movement. and convicted Solely in the interests of capital- But they'll never bang." w by do you think so," "The Supreme Court will Overturn the verdict." "I suppose tbov have money enough to fight the ease for all there is in it?" "All that money can do will be done. They have 9S.000 organized laborers at their tack who will supply the necessary funds and resist the verdict CO the utinout." " And if the writ of error. or supersedeas. or whatever it is. Is refused, what then?" "I tell you It will be the signal for the revolt of labor. In fact. this verdict Is the sienal for the labor revolution. I know what PM talking about, and don't forget it. it is a verdict of capital and a verdict for capital, and it will be resisted to the vdentb. What did Fieiden do? Make speeches. Why dide't they hang hitn long ago? What did Parsons do? :Nothing. I Sac. that the law could touch him for. one of the prisoners had anything to do with the throwing of that bomb: they bad no band in It; they knew nothing of it. Their cent ietiott I.' on general principle e in the interests of capital." PUBLIC INTEREST MANIFESTED. 'Expressions of Satimfartion from RosinessMem, Intense Interest in the outcome of the trial was manifested among all classes of citizens. THE THILUSE telephones were kept going during tbe forenoon by parties at a distance who required the lateet authentic Information. lout THE TRIBUNE bulletin boards announcing the result were surrounded for bours by an eager crowd. The general opinion On the Verdict vas one of unoualilled approval. " It Is a most satisfactory verdict," said E. M. Piteips. It is not the result as affecting these eight men that matters so murk, but it is the guarantee that the arm of the law is long enough arid strong enougu to punish its vittiat ors." " The verdict was just, and quite in accordance with tbe facts." said L. R. Lune. " The result could hardly have bees otherwise considering tee strenirth ot the etise as presented," said Henry W. King. "ttilt these men !Mould have been stopped iOng ago. " Tho verdict is exactly what wits deo,erved." said Itottert 11111. "and I tun dure It will eeeeIve the general approval of the whole Nation." " I think it is the most important verdlet ever rendered by a jury." said James I heartily indorse it, and I think It wiii Le indorsen by not only the public in thiA city but by the eiviiizc-ti wotid." "There welet be a red flag in Chleago for. I1 77F ;ill l'i 1 '.1:,1i1 LizTtir -14ir:E1 r l ! ' i ---- -----'. ', L . ' ti.-J 1 ; it:.,:itt , ! . ..1,,.... s., 1 :2011 g 7. , c,:tr:":"(2y:te.:,;,,,,..,...1,, .,,.,.........7.42.1em.,,i2111,...........J.ibeetc.4.14,11 . c.,:cciilif..,;zci: :v...,,Ii.,,,.:.,,,,,:,.i.,.",,...1:-, distributed round the sides and on the table , to do so wit 1 1 c,-VVV r, L.;,' .::,I"';'1-"-"(-1."--.1-7------'...;"."..''''''''-' - and an arm-chair stood beside the bed. A b0U- tion it may I -- ,,,, .,.:,. .., ., ,,, ,, more gratet ---------741111M1:13:11'; ' s---------,,,-..:.1. 1 -''.--' Wont Germi ,- --- . ,--------- eessillS -- 4,4,NN,k, --.. '-, -.., -- 1 t !I 1 L., . ' 1 t ' ' . 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I , Till ! 14 ;1'1 , l, A ii i ill0.',',: :- I : 3: V t, the verdict I , ,,,,, .,,,,, ,-, ' , ,..-,i di ' I ' ,'' .F-,....,------ ------- --- -:----,- : I !I !; -,k IT 1 i w -',, ',, ' It 1 ;, I ',i lie.-1 W Nl', ' q , I. - )''',.111,' '---1-: t 1 ' t , i 1 zA!-4' -'' . , , 1 to their bort , '11 ILz-li ,1 , t ICE::: j ----- - I 111: 1 1 I, 1 liz , ... i ' IV :,i' ' ii 1 ii ,,,,,.."',' ll' i aunouncem ll 1 II .ii 0-,,, , - ll I '. , Till ,....t I Or ii i , , .7-W-fil',.ri , IQ I,,,z -.. , 7 ,-7,, b4.- i ' 1, ' ,J,, - -(- . pressed then 1 1;-- I ,-,, i P' ' 1 L i 1 11 , !, , ---,). . 1 -.., , , I 1 , , C) ,,,--- i I --, -- 1 ;-- - ,, . I .' pii: 11, t,,, , 7 ent stations aann dd at bt ewnolrekil i :I . )14,...,.4)i . i , ,,,I,J, 1 ,, 1 . ,: 1 "q4-t -1 i 1 1 , 44 c, - L.,. . entitled to t trill L , . ,,t11::4 eth - - "1)1 i ' .(1 - t . il ,. ,,,f, v ' ' afternoon tb 1 rr., - ,,i1,7,4, J4 ,, ,, .,. ., ,,,,','-;it'i - '. . 4k - . V - t c (, ; ;11 . t t (.14 "I l': ' " r!..' 1 . 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' , '... -,:..Y ,t.''Ol. .., 4 i ' -t''',I,L-!.;;', .'"-y-,, '1'-'i 12 ,',7-;"; ' ' " ' 'ils'''"i---Ft ',.- ' 'ir,-r---- A,' i.,?,, was favorab .11 r't--.27..".'C I i'l '''' 'A "117 , ''''llt' 4',,,,,..,4,1-:',,t' ,,I.' l'' ''',?:r12'ff,,,...'t 111 1:1,11; ''';,4 : li(;,10'llih; I Ill 1' ''' . SPIES. CELL. sympathizer rn 1 1 ''. i 51 - r,:;! 44,..4,, ' .S , , . (1,P, '45, tvlh 11'4'"' NI 1 ' -, fr',17,A t.,'.,-.171"--1-V,,,,,,,4'",,,, ,,7-11-',t,,,,i; 7,t4::,1444.6-,i'yll k ,-t''''.:4, , ' ,'" 44."-1Z: , ' ' Or I! t';',1 --.. .3e ....1, 1- 47. g7), 2 ')'-'1'''' Vr Ak ill'" .,'' -; ', '''.'ll ii787,,,,:,, :.,;: ' ,t,1 r" ' A,h-t 14tt ,,v,,,,, r ',k4-- - - -, .4,4 -, - 4i.g..te,,,,I,,y-4 ,-'14ti ,aillinak sc) lk 14 'i1f HI 1,;'irtp,.? .1....1,,,,,,, ,, ,111,k ., , .,41,,,L4,- ,41-!-V-4-.4. k',' -,'t 411141M) - ---..-----';- , -----1. (met of flowers was standing on tho floor. Near- ly everyone of the cells had a bouquet, but the prisoners were not in a mood to think much of flowers. THE JURY'S WORK. 17; to:fp t o f t b I ty arres tion of the li with the det upon the su "As soon , N'. ,,tiiii IW Cl ,,p , A.!'.1--'0,-,:d.'' 1?Il; - 4N. l'14' a4,1-,i(''''f7011tfitY le .ta..-4 - --N.,1414cP:,,;'r, .4 - :'' ns-.,,1 ,-,.C -,V1 - - g.t,:,i1;,',:., -----"'" c'.-2 6, ------------- ',04101-L - -, c,,, ,,7,-,,.. r t , ,,x" A,. , ,,!!''. cr---it ' ,11 17.:-.----------- -!'!--.--f:,:-.'T.'''' 1611114Z-v, :k (L..s7kt- .- -I ,, . - - .- -- . 4,,4 ------Th'44-.7, :- ----- :7 , :,,, lt 1 li . 1, 0, tl'ii ,-. , . l-Th ; , iti :..................i I, kit; ' ''.- 101',' 1 How They Spent Their Time-Their De- liberations. Mr. C. B. Todd, a clerk in the Putnam Cloth- staid tie. " w, case. We'v think the wi he whole ic lug House. was one of the tirst four jurors meets the p: chosen. He was been by a reporter shortly conspiracy I ;- - 011184'esch 4" 1..i -- , -",- --- li. ! . , - - . after bis release. it and intik --), a construetiot ' - '----. --, , , , I'm glad it's all over, I assure you." be i 7.,-1-7-7--, ... .:V9'N , . present con said; "It bas been a trying ordeal," and seeing bottom of l ' tel ' 'e or7---- --------..,1 --- - -......--: . ,.... p t 1 li that be had perpetrated a joke tte ex-juror get the who i z;- i-- : . -- ;:,-1, - -- '2)1 L ,b . -. , "--.-"N.--:---t - --.' -------.---'- , . ' ---ts, .! .,nft,t 7-' ---',.,;---.1 , '1, "eoiort11'- I il I V I i V-;----z..:sa.?..-- -- ; ' - -- --- - -- '- ,. L ' . ) sumnbilroedk.en "I weite'lail oa Iftteliffurywefroor ewlgithiti ere:into Its 01 Ere bound , a ------------------- - ,-I ,., 1, ,,. us I constantly. shutting off a I ttiem. aoou ----- 1 ' ,'-..-,,- -------....- ..,1-''. 3 ),ta-t 'IA 0 , ' conversation. 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