BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP HORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 199 BlytheviUe Courier Blytheville Dally News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE. ARKANSAS, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 195-1 TWELVE PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS European PactGoes ToSenate President Asks Appeal Of German Plan WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower asked the Senate today to approve treaties freeing and rearming West Germany on the side of the Western Powers. He said the treaties "are founded upon the profound yearning for peace" shared by peoples of the free world. He sent the treaty documents, signed in London and Paris, to the Senate with a letter saying they represented years- of work to bring independence to Germany and Integration of that divided country into the Western defense. The measures would restore sovereignty to West Germany, ending the U.S.-British-French occupation. Germany also would become a member of the 'North Atlantic Treaty Organization and with Italy join the 1948 Brussels pact. Insure Fteedom These steps, Eisenhower told the Senate, could be accomplished under the agreements "in a manner which will insure freedom and equality f9r the people of Germany and' at the same time will avoid the danger of a revival of German militarism." Elsenhower, apparently aiming at Russia's often expressed fears of a rearmed Germany declared: "The agreements endanger no nation. On the contrary they represent one of history's first great practicable experiments in the international control of armaments." Adding Germany and its resources to Western defense will be a principal consequence, Eisenhower said. But he said he wanted to emphasize that "these agreements are founded on the profound yearning for peace which is shared by all the Atlantic peoples." Purposes Simple Eisenhower said while the security agreements are complex "their purposes are simple." He added, "the Federal Republic (of West Germany) Is placed on a basis of full equality with other states." "But," Eisenhower said, "the military strength of West Germany will be combined with that of the other countries in the Atlantic community in such a- way that development and use of the German military contribution will be in accordance with' the common need." On the subject of ratification, the President declared: "I urge the Senate to signify its approval, of this great endeavor by giving its advice and consent to ratification ... I hope these instruments may be studied with a view to enable the Senate to act promptly on these matters when it meets for its new session in January." The White House statement appeared almost like a reply to Russia's proposal for a great European security conference to be held in Moscow or Paris Nov. 29. In West ern capitals, the Kremlin's bid wa! widely regarded as a move to knock out the Paris treaties. Washington officials, while nol commenting formally, branded the Communist proposal as insincere. They said it looked like a propaganda appeal, especially towards the French, whose Premier Mendes-France arrives here Wednesday for consultations. Secretary o! State Dulles has laid down the policy that there can be no successful negotiations with the Soviets on great European issues until West Germany's Atlantic Alliance status is settled. Paris reports said several French sources gave a cool reception to the Russian plan, and in West Germany Chancellor Konrad Adenauer SB id he's against such a conference before the Paris pacts are ratified Western diplomats in Moscow expect their governments to rejec the idea. Treaties Eisenhower is sending to the Senate include a protoco for virtual German sovereign!} and an amendment .to the North Atlantic Treaty making her the 15th member of that alliance. Gentry Urges High Court to Give Segregation Issue to Congress TA1PEH, Formosa (AP) — Red China used torpedo boats 'or the first time in battle yes- .erday to sink the 1,800-ton Nationalist destroyer escort Taiping. This development in the long civil .war was viewed; generally by he Nationalists as a stark warning of stronger Red measures to come. The Taiping, formerly the USS Decker until transferred to the Na- ionalists in 1946, was attacked at .:45 a.m. by four swift torpedo boats, which the Nationalists said were Russian-built. Weather ARKANSAS — Partly clouds this afternoon tonight and Tuesday with scattered thundershov.'- ers southeast and extreme soutt this afternoon. Cooler east and south tonight. MISSOURI—Partly cloudy south east, generally north and west to day and tonight. Fair Tuesday Cooler extreme south this after' noon warmer north and west cen tral. Minimum Sunday—46. Maximum Saturday—80. Minimum this morning—44, Maximum yesterday—80. Sunrise tomorrow—6:34. Sunset today—4:56. Mean temperature (midway between high and low—62. prec:pltatlon last 48 hours to 7 a.m —none. precipitation Jan. 1 to this date —30.23. Thll Date lait Year Maximum yesterday—77. Minimum this morntr.g—38. Precipitation January 1 to datu — 36.70. LITTLE ROCK (AP) — Pointing to the U. S. Con- ititution, the State of Arkansas is going to ask the U. S. Supreme Court to turn over to ongress the problem of pubic school integration of the races. This is the first such suggestion among the. many that are going o the U. S. Supreme Court from he states to submit briefs on how ts broad ruling could best be carried out. Clean Duly Arkansas Atty. Gen. Tom Gentry, n a brief, said Saturday that Congress has a clear duty under Amendment 14 to the JJ. S. Constitution to say how the Court's ruling should be The Court based its May ruling against public school segregation on Amendment 14 — the "equal rights" amendment. Gentry cited section 5 of the amendment which gives Congress "power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article." Exhortation Asked He called on the Court to "not only nudge but even exhort Congress to enact appropriate legislation under the power of section 5." He explained, however, that 'this Court cannot compel Congress to act." The attorney general also made mention of two other arguments in his brief: 1. The Court should not order mplemented. i Immediate integration. To do so. he said, would delay rather than advance "a solution to the problem. 2. Decrees in four cases now pending should be of a type "which will permit gradual adjustments. Decision Not Questioned The pending cases are four from different states none of them Arkansas - which led to the Court's historic ruling of last May 17 that racial segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. Signers of the brief are Gentry, Assistant Atty. Gen. James L. Sloan and Special Assistant Richard B. McCullough of Forrest City. The signers declared that there was no intention of questioning "the correctness of this (the Mayl ruling of this Court or its reasons for reaching that conclusion." Red Chinese Sink Nationalist Destroyer withTorpedo Boats The destroyer, with 180 men aboard, was convoying a motorized junk from the Tachen Islands. 30 miles off the coast of Chekiang province and 215 miles north of Formosa, to nearby Yushan Island. The first torpedo missed, but a later one hit amidships, well he- low the waterline, Chinese press reports said. Even so, the ship appears to have conducted a running battle until six hours later when she went down 12 miles out of a Ta- chen port she had sought to reach. Chinese press reports said she sank "with guns blazing." Rescue efforts continued today Regular Arctic Flights Inaugurated Today By HUBBARD KEAVEY LOS ANGELES (AP) — The airliner Royal Viking took off early today to inaugurate the first commercial transpolar lassenger service between Los Angeles and Copenhagen, Jenmark. The Scandinavian Airlines Sys- .em's DC6B rose from fogbound International Airport at 12:22 a. m. ith film actors Jean Hersholt and Walter Pidgeon, public officials and two dozen newsmen, including Chest Campaign In Last Phase Cleanup Drive Starts; $7,000 Is Still Needed Still $7,579 short of its $25,289 goal, Blytheville's Community 3hest campaign moved into its inal stage today. Volunteer workers were scheduled to begin the clean-up phase of the campaign today, calling on prospective donors who for one reason or another have failed to contribute thus far. Campaign officials called in ali outstanding pledge cards over the weekend and were busy this morn- rig re-grouping these cards for e clean-up workers. 517,000 Collected A total of 417,710.03 has been collected in the drive to date. This figure represents 72.9 per cent of the goal. Campaign officials said this morning that out of 2,999 individual pledge cards prepared for the campaign, only 1,843 have been returned filled out. This means that 1,156 prospective donors have either not been contacted or have not given to the campaign, officials said. this writer, aboard. Champagne Shortly before the takeoff, actress Cyd Charisse christened the Royal Viking with the traditional champagne bottle. A reception and dinner honored the passengers earlier in the evening. At 8:10 p.m. today, a similar plane — and likewise loaded with newsmen and dignitaires- — will leave Copenhagen headed West. The eastbound plane's flying time for the 6,800-mile "short course," is 22 hours. But the westbound craft, due to prevailing westerly winds, will be in the ail- about 25 hours. It is due in Los Angeles Tuesday. There is, incidentally, a nine-hour time differential between Denmark and the Pacific Coast. Three Stop Six exploratory flights by SAS established the practicability of the flight, which stops only at Winnipeg, Manitoba, in Canada and Bluie West 8. an airfield on Greenland. What military significance this transpolar route has no one has yet said, but undoubtedly it has ;ome. Scandinavian Airlines, a con sortium since 1946 of Swedish, Norwegian and Danish airlines, will establish southern California's first direct link with Europe. The arctic route, only about 30 per cent of it over water, is 600 miles shorter than the usual flying path via New York. And plane changes in New York, SAS estimates, require £ minimum of seven hours. Each DC6B used on the trip which will be twice weekly each way, will carry 32 passengers and crews of 10. There are eight berths on each with a sleeping charge of S50 each way. The round trip fare is 81,034.50. Each plane also wil carry up to 2,000 pounds of cargo or five officers and 23 naval rat- ngs still missing. A sister destroy- escort, the Taiho, picked up lost of the crew, including the aptain. One Dead One of the rescued died, and lany others were wounded, the Nationalists said. Nationalist reaction was strong. Che official Central Daily News escribed the attack as a "pre- ude to an offensive against For- losa." The Hsin Sheng Pao, which peaks for the provincial government of Formosa, urged Nation- lists to start a "defensive offen- ive" against the Reds. There was considerable thought ere that the O.S; 7th Fleet, guard- ng Formo'*! against any invasion move by the Communists, has been on patrol near the Tachens. One question being asked is: What f the Taiping had been flying the American flag? The Nationalist view of the in- ident, which is Red China's first uch naval victory, was summed up by Shen Chang-huan, acting oreign minister. He said the sinking served as a warning to those who persist in lelieving the Chinese Reds want jeace and do not intend to invade "orrnosa. Most non-Chinese quar- ers in Taipeh, however, still doubt the Reds would presently violate the defense zone which the th Fleet is committed to defend. May Ask Aid That zone embraces Formosa, he Pescadores and other satellite slands of Formosa, but not the rachens or other coastal islands. As a result of the Taiping incident, Nationalists may press the United States for: 1 Inclusion of Nalional-held outpost islands just off the Red China coast in the 7th's defense zone. 2. Speedy conclusion of a mulual defense pact. 3. Increased miSHary aid to meet any Red threat to the offshore is- ands and Formosa itself. It also is possibly the Nationalists will seek an understanding with Washington to enable them to bomb Communist air and naval bases. The taiping episode has created more explosive situalion lhan See REDS on Page 5 Officer Relates Rumor On Dr. Sam's Sterility CLEVELAND (AP) — A suburban policeman testified today a the murder trial of Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard that he once heard rumor the young osteopath was sterile. Under questioning by Sheppard's chief counsel, William J. Corrigan, Patrolman Fred Drenkhan denied, however, that he ever heard other police say Sheppard's seven year old son, Chip, was illegitimate. Drenkhan, a cool, matter of fact type of police officer from Sheppard's suburb. Bay Village, was the first policeman to examine the Sheppard home the morning the osteopath's wife. Marilyn, was bludgeoned to death in her bed. In the midst of a minute cross examination, Corrigan suddenly asked Drenkhan about a meeting of law enforcement officers held by Coroner Samuel R. Oerber shortly after the murder. Corrigan wanted lo know if Drenkhan heard Oerber say Sheppard was sterile. "I heard that, but it was not Dr. Gerber," he replied. ., "Who said it?" jCorrfgan persisted. "It wu » rumor," Orenkbui said. "We received some letters. Drenkhan also said that he wa unable to recall a statement tha Dr. Sheppard killed his wife be cause she was pregnant. She hat been pregnant about four months when she was killed. Corrigan also shot this question at him: "Didn't you hear it said at a meeting at the county morgue tha the first child of Marilyn Sheppan was an illegitimate child?" "I don't recall that statement,' the witness replied. Corrigan was cross examinin. Drenkhan for the second day seeking to shake his story, that s far as he could tell, no bushj haired Intruder broke into th Sheppard home to kill Marily Sheppard. Her husband Insists tha Is what happened that night. The state says Sheppard mur dered his wife during a quarre over Susan Hayes, a hospita technician, and other women. Reds Just Want The Eggs, Ma'am TOKYO Wl — What a Japanese politician saw on a Soviet collective chicken farm near Moscow- last summer has convinced him he says that Communists "w.ll slop at nothing to gain their ends." Isamu Imaizumi. right-wing Socialist, writes in a newspaper article he saw a food pipe thrust into a chicken's stomach. "An operator steps on a pedal and one portion of food is sent into the stomach ol the bird. Suddenly the stomach swells up and the hen screams. This is indeed an outrage of chickens rights, as it were," says Imaizumi. "I asked the woman in charge, 'Why do you do such a mean thing?' She explained to me: •Our primary objective is nol to raise chickens but to get eggs We do not care about the will of hens. 1 "We can never approve of such a way of thinking in Japan, concludes Imaizumi. and WatklllS Clash At Special Committee Meeting McCrary Trial Is Delayed CARUTHERSVILLE - Circuit Court trial for James McCrary Hayti farmer charged with firal degree murder, has been postponed indefinitely because of the serious Illness of a member, of the family of Attorney Elbert Ford. The trial had been set to bejcin today. Mr. Ford, of Kennett, is assisting In the prosecution. McCrary is accused of fatally shooting his wife Dixie, on a Haytl street Sept. 13 1953. A trial In July ended with a hung jury. AUTUMNAL MADNESS — Gary Meador, son of Mr. and Mrs. Truman Meador, fights what seems like a losing battle this lime of year as he Iries to keep a lawn trie of leaves. Leaves In the area have done heaviest shedding of season during past week. (Courier News Photo) Peress Promotion Reason for Session WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. McCarthy accused Sen. vVatkins (R-Ulah) today of being "derelict in his duty" in say- ng he didn't know if anyone was at fault in the Peress case. Watkins fired back: "I doo'l believe you can ever be satisfied mless you can find somebody who could be shot or hung." $295,000 Budget Okayed for County OSCEOLA — In the annual session of Quorum Court held this morning at the County Court House here a county budget of $295,077 was' approved for 1955. No important change in the bud-t — get was noted except approval of the three-mill county road tax which was approved in tile Nov. 2 general election. It Is estimated that, this road tax, which has to be approved by voters every two years, will bring some 549,000 into the county budget for use In building and maintaining county roads and brldp.es. In comparison, last year's budget totaled some $203,340. This was due in part by the $25,000. set up for operating the two units of the county hospital. Both Operated Now Last year only the Osceola unit was In operation and $15,000 was n operation. before last, the court ap- tax which is being used lor rotir- construction cost and for operation of the hospital. Revenue collected by the hospital is set into a separate fund for operation. Motion Denied A motion brought before the court by the Osceola Bar Association was defeated, asking for $750 to pay attorney fees in the Osceola District for lawyers appointed by the courts. AS is customary, nil surplus general fund moneys was voted to be used for bridge and road work. As a precaution againsl emergencies, ' this Is done as a matter of iorm. Re-eleeted to the board of equal!- j zation were W. E. Hagan of Armorel; John Caudill and P. E. Cooley, Blytheville; Earl wiidy of Leach-1 ville; Alex Curtis of Manila; C. P. | Tompkins of Burdettc; J. R- For-1 rester of Joiner; W. W. Prewltt and W. P. Hale, Osceola; and Frank Bell of West Ridge and Lepanto. The justices of the peace, who comprise quorum court, nave formal 72 For Induction Into Army Twelve men were sent torlny lor induction into the Armed forces by Mississippi County Draft Board No. 47, according lo Roslo Sallba, board clerk. The call was for 17 men of which 12 reported, one failed to report, and four transferred to other boards. The next call will'be for 30 men on Nov. 22 for prrlnduelion physical today were: The two biR figures in the McCarthy censure row confronted one another at a suddenly called icaring of McCarthy's Investigations subcommittee. McCarthy said lie scheduled it lo find out whether Watkins could, throw any light on who was responsible for Ihe promotion nnd honorable discharge of Maj. Irving Peress. an Army dentist who had refused to say whether he had Communist connections. Watkins told the Wisconsin senator the way to fix the responsibility was to question 30 Army officers whose names were submitted to the McCarthy subcommittee last June by Secretary of the Army Stevens. Walklns said Stevens had advised that the list Included all officers involved in the Peress case. Wouldn't Budge In a hearing spatlered with sharp words and caustic phrases, Watkins refused to be budged from his position that perhaps no one was "criminally culpable" for the Peress matter. He said perhaps the Senate Inter nal Security subcommittee of which he Is a member could undertake to nnit down those "responsible" for the honorable discharge. But If it did, he said, "I ncvei could find out to satisfy you unless you could find some one who conic be shot and hung." McCarthy snapped back that "mnny young men will die" be cause of traitors. He said trailer; should be "shot .and hung." McCarthy SB id It was "no laugh Ing matter" when "secret masters In the military' 'cover up for Com munlHls. Watkins said: "1 was nol ImiRh ing and the record and the plcturi will HO show." "I should perhaps be censured blamed lor promoting a man . who owes allegiance lo Hie foreign country, a Iraltor to his country . . such a senator certainly Is dercllc In his duty and that Is putting i very mildly." Criticizes Charscs Walklns said repeatedly that onb a "jury of his peers" could con Viet a spy. Accusations, ho said could not convict. He said Ihe Pere.ss mailer "couli have happened purely as a malic oi mistake" and criticized what h called "a lot of charges" wlthotl the proof. Sen. McClcllan of Arkansa; ranking Democrat on the Invest Rations subcommittee, asked Wa kins If he would put a motion be fore the Internal Security subcom mlltee lo call all Ihe 30-odd officer listed In the Army report. Watkiiis .said he would. And Me Clellan said he would be Klart t second that motion. McCarthy kept repenting he wa "sorry" that Watkins bad "wastci our time" by testifying. Watkins replied hf had Riven Ihe committee the be.st answer he conlcl. The hearing was called, McCarthy said, because Ihe report of the cen.sure cornmiUoo, headed by bio" in the Peress matter. Because of Iteferences McCarthy said at the outset he vns calling Watkins only because >f the reference lo Peress in the eport of the censure committee, nd not because "of your nctivilies chairman of Ihe select committee." He said it would be "Improper" or him to ask about such nctivi- ics. Walklns and McCarthy sat about 0 feet apart facing each other jver a long table for the dramatic neeling. held jusl an hour before Sec" MCCARTHY on Page 5 Four US Airmen Are Found Near Carolina Coast But Fifth Crew Member, Jet Aviator* Still Missing NORFOLK, Va. Wl — Four members of the five-man crew of a Navy patrol plane that ditched la Pamllco Sound last night were found In a life raft In the sound about 75 miles south of Elizabeth City, N. C., today. A spokesman for the 6th Naval District said the fifth crewman went down with the plane. The four survivors were spotted by a Coast atmrd patrol plane which landed on the water, took the men aboard and then headed for the Coast Guard Air Station at Elizabeth Clly. One survivor was suffering head Injuries and another had a broken leps. No names were available immediately. No Word on Jet The spokesman said there was no word on the Marine Corps Jet plane with two men aboard which disappeared while searching for Ihe Navy patrol plane last night. The jet, a Skynlght, carried only enough fuel to keep It airborne no later than 10 p.m., the spokesman said. Five men were on the Navy cralt, a two-engined PV2 Harpoon, which reported It was going down at 0:30 p.m. while en route from Miami to its home base at the Anacostln Naval Air Station near Washington. Two were aboard the Cherry Point-based F3D Skynight jet, last heard from at 9 p.m. after It was diverted from a routine tactical mlslon to hunt for the ditched patrol plane. By the white glare of flares and searchlights and with the help of r lar, the destroyers Goodrich and Turner, the submarines Burrfish and Croaker and two Coast Guaod planes from Elizabeth City scoured the crash area in heavy fog last nlfibl. sonif 46 miles southeast of the big Cherry Point Marine base. They found nothing. The search continued today. Williain Iee Dillard and William rge Edward Gray of Luxora; William Lcevon Davidson and Vaughn L. Showncs, both of Manila; James Utah Petty ol BtinlpHe; George Lee Wilson, Joe Natlyir. Gri|:gs, Jr., JCM-- Wclton Reynolds, nil of Bluhc- Walklns. had .said that Brig. Gen. Ralph W. Zwlckcr was not rcspon slble for the promotion and honorable discharge of Peress nnd the blame should ho placed "on those who are culpable." McCarthy said the 30-odd names supplied by .Stevens would not reveal the "secret muster" he said 24 Named To Run for CofC Board Twenty-four Blytheville business and professional men have been nominated for 12 positions on the Chamber of Commerce's board of directors. Ballots have been distributed to Chamber members and must be returned to ttie Chamber offices in City Hall by 5 p. m. Tuesday, Nov 23. Here are the nominees: Bob Bay, Roland Bishop, Harry Bradley, Charles Brogdon, H. C. • : Bush, W. D. Chamblln, George Beaten by deadly gas In their j c , a ,. k Jerry Cohen> Rupert Craf- Barney Crook, Dick Gettle. ry we ton ueymmis, an '» jji.i.n..-- ..-• —•-- --- • v lie; Tommy Ulus GriBBs. Jr., ol • * behind the haml|lni? of he Per- ChlcfiBO I" Lnnnle Everett Eth- ess case. He said Wiitkinx in ollcdl erldce of Peo'riu III '«"' lolcl McCarthy, nithe censure 'Listed as liill'iiw to report, today report, that McCarthy should dis- was OIHe vcstcr Mills of Blvthcville. | cover the person who was "ciilpa- Grim Task of Sealing Fate Of 15 Men in Mine Completed FARMINOTON, W. Va. 'AP) — Beaten by deadly gas In In ^ attempts lo rescue 15 miners, or recover their bodies, mining men last [ton, ^.L.,-, nisht completed their grim task ol walling up entrances of Mine No. 9. | Don Hntey; One man was dead. Fifteen were missing and presumed dead. The Jamison Coal Co. pit was rocked by a violent explosion Sat- pproval this morning of these tax | urt ] a y. A second Saturday night rates which are the same as last i year; county general, five-mill; county hospitol, four-mill; city and Incorporated towns, five mills; county road tax, three mills; and school districts as voted In the various districts according to Circuit Court record. flames roaring from the ventilation shaft. A third, a sort of pouf, shook the tiny mining valley yesterday evening. School Closed The job of scaling No. 0, In an Co/fins in Viet Ham SAIOOk, Viet Nam 1*1 - Gen. J. Lawton Collins, special envoy of President Elsenhower, took charge, of the U.S. mission in chaotic, non- Communist South Viet Nam today, replacing Ambassador Donald R. Heath. Te o o scang . , I effort to cut off the flow of air and smother a fire burning deep underground, was completed late last night. It will not be reopened until tests show the air inside is safe enough for rescue teams to enter. That might lake days or months. Also closed today was James Fork Elementary School, only a few hundred yards down the valley from the mine tuvtrance. Officials • explosion or escaping gas might endanger the children. Rescue crews worked their way almost a mile down the slope and into Ihe passageways of No. 9 lale Saturday. Deadly carbon moooxide fumes from the mine fire forced them back . After three hours of confernccs between company, state and federal mine bureau officials, the decision to seal was announced early yesterday. State Mines Chief Frank B. King, visibly moved, explained, "There Is Just nothing else we can do." He said the action would remove any .slender, hope that some of the men might stllj be alive. Miners began walling up the five openings with the approval of John L. Lewis, United Mlna Workers chief. Hill, Oliver Richardson, Jimmie Sanders, Dr. F. Don Smith, W. H. Stovail, Jr., R. L. Wade, Jr., E. B. Woodson. Raymond Zachry. McClanahon Lad Is Improved Condition of Harold McClanahan, the Courier News carrier boy who was hit, by a hit and run driver test week, was reported as Improved by attendants at Blytheville Hospital today. Eleven-year-old Harold was seriously Injured when struck on Highway 18 Tuesday night. He was riding his bicycle and ictntntng from a friend's house at the time. Sheriff's officers are investigating the aqpidcnt.
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