The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on November 25, 1955 · Page 15
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 15

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Friday, November 25, 1955
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FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1955 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE FIFTEEN RE VIEW *•• FORECAST Key to Cotton's Future? Smaller Price and More Efficiency Said Needs MEMPHIS — The future of U. S. cotton depends on a gradually declining price geared to lower production costs and combined with aggressive research and promotion. This is the conclusion readied in a study of cotton's price, soon to be published by the National Cotton Council. The report gives the re- search findings of Council economists, prepared at the request of leaders in all branches of the cotton industry. It reflects no price pol- We're Demonstrating Our special device lets you see the savings quickly that TRACTION BOOSTER will give you on an Allis-Chalmers WD-45 or CA Tractor. You can measure how much farther you can plow on a single quart of fuel with TRACTION BOOSTER •'turned on" than you do with TRACTION BOOSTER "locked out." Same tractor, same plow, same •oil, same depth. Let us prove by demonstration on your farm the •avings of AUTOMATIC TRACTION BOOSTER. ALLIS-CHALMERS SA1ES AND SERVICE BYRUM IMPLEMENT CO. Blytheyille, Arki Ph. 3-4404 icy of the Council itself. "U. S. cotton has much to g: from a lower price, but the gain would be long-range," the report states. "Within one year's time, the increased consumption caused by a 3-cent or 5-cent lower price probably would be disappointing. Within two or three years the increase would be much bigger. Over longei periods the gains from lower price; could amount to millions of bales." Needs Timing Production costs ate close to selling prices for the bulk of the crop, but improvements in growing methods are now being made at a revolutionary rate. Putting the market and cost facts together, the report says a sound price depends on "a proper sense of timing". "Looking at one year only, we have found real limitations on what a price cut would gain us and ,or how well we could afford it. But looking over a number of years, we face the urgent need for starting now on a downward course in the price of cotton as compared with rayon and other competing materials. "If coupled with adequate research and promotion, this could reverse a gloomy market outlook and make U. S. cotton the world's most aggressive competitor among fibers. "Whether this is possible depends on our ability to reduce costs faster than the producers of rayon and o: foreign cotton. Prom the rate progress in recent years, we there is good ground to hope we can do just that. But it will be a close contest, and a vital question is ho* last we can step up the pace o production research and education.' Larger Market Needed Domestic consumption of cotton has been ctose to nine million bale. annually the past eight years, bu the report cites the need for an ex panding market to accommodate thi progress being made in producUoi and processing. The total market has actually de clined owing to a drop in cotton ex ports, which averaged 3.4 millio bales the past three years comp'ar ed with 5.1 million the precedin three. The rate of exports this sea son is sharply reduced further. The report finds that rayon stapl is from four to eight cents cheape than cotton in net cost to the do niestic mills. .While cotton's better quality over comes this handicap In most uses the difference in mill cost is given don't guess...((HOW your tractor is ready We don't guess ... we kttotf that your tractor is ready when it leaves our sbop. And so do you because you can tell by the way it -works foe you in the 6eld ... and keeps on working.That's the result of our III 5-Sur Blue Ribbon Certified Service-the "care that counts in the fieW* LIT IIS OIVI YOUR TRACTOR THESi TESTS NOW ignition test We take the guesswork out of finding ignition power leaks in your tractor. IH-trained servicemen, using the right testing equipment, pin-point the trouble... replace only the parts needed . . . save you time and money. See us today for IH 5-Star Blue Ribbon Certified Service for your tractor in our shop. compression test We quickly test your tractor for the condition of pistons, sleeves, valves and gaskets and do exactly what is needed to correct the trouble — nothing more. IH-approved vacuum and compression gauges in the hands of our IH-trained servicemen "feel" inside the engine, find out what'! wrong. Guesswork it out! See m for Hf J-5/«r Service l Delta Implements Inc "Servict Holds Our Trade" 312 S. Second Ph. 3-6863 us the reason for a sharp increase n the practice of blending some ayon Into cotton fabrics. Rayon has a bigger price advantage in most countries, and Ihis is ;ited as the major reason for rayon's jains over cotton in the foreign narket. Foreign consumption of rayon has increased from three to eight million cotton bale equivalents in seven years. The decline in U. S. cotton exports is explained mainly by roy- on's foreign grains and by a rapid ncrease in foreign cotton production. Present Losses An analysis of 418 end uses indicates that a 2 'Ija-cent price reduction would enable cotton to gain 126,000 bales from rayon and other competitors on the domestic market n a period of one to three years. It would also prevent competitive losses, of 125,000 bales. These losses are expected to occur in the next- year or two at present prices, partly because of rayon blending. A 5-cent lower price would bring a competitive gain of 315,000 babs anJ would prevent losses of 445,000 bales. A 10-cent cut would bring gains of 741,000 bales and prevent losses- of 6J9.0CO. While these market improvements "might seem surprisingly small compared with the price cuts involved", the report adds that even these improvements are questionable, since the rayon industry probably would cut the price of staple fiber to offset any price reduction in cotton up to several cents a pound. It emphasizes that changes in the quality of fibers could upset these calculations. Long Run "Cotton needs to IOOK oeyond any short-run shifts. It needs a price policy, based on rapidly declining costs, which will covince both our customers and our competitors that future years the price of U. S. cotton will be lower and pointed downward in relation to other materials." One big achievement of this policy would be to slow down the expansion in foreign cotton production and the building of rayon .plants both in the United States and abroad, the report says. Another would be a more favorable attitude toward cotton in the long-range commitments of textile companies. The scales are being tilted toward synthetic fibers for future years by decisions made now regarding research, advertising, and machinery purchases, The mills "are working towarc finding replacements of cotton" partly because they assume synthetic prices will trend lower in relation to cotton. If this assumption could be reversed, cotton's long-range competitive chances would be greatly improved. All Three Cotton's real hope hinges "on price, re.search, and promotion . al combined", the report says. "The synthetics are slugging us with al three of these weapons. We cannol fight back with any one or two of them, or with three relatively weak weapons. "But if we can improve all three of them together, we can move forward with the economic growth of the whole world to the kind of market we really need." Researchis termed vital both In Improving quality and in lowering production costs. In some broad approximations of growing costs for a recent time, the report found: For 13 per cent of the crop, grown by animal power, prices already are too low, to cover the average costs, including those imputed for land and labor at going rates. On another 38 per cent,, grown with tractors and hand harvested in southern states outside the Delta, prices are little if any above average costs. At the other end of the scale, for cotton produced with tractors and mechanical harvesters in the best suited regions, costs average about 7 Ij2 cents below selling prices, but this accounted for only 17 per cent of the 1954 crop. More Efficiency Studying the cost picture, the report concluded that the case for a lower price is to be found not in present cost levels but in the rapid rate at which industry is moving toward increased production efficiency: The part of the crop produced with animal power declined from 36 to 13 per cent in the past six or seven years while mechanized harvesting jumped from three to 20 per cent. A promising uptrend in yields seems just in the beginning. The man hours required for the average bale have been cut in hall since 1940 and the rate of improvements seems to be speeding up. "These gains give us great hope that, we can outrun our competitors in cast reduction during the next five or ten years if we try hard enough," the report concludes. Compiled under the dire'ction of 'the Council's -chief economist, Dr. M. K. Home, Jr., the report was written by Dr. Home; Prank A. McCord, market re.search director, utilization research division; and George M. Townsend, agricultural economist, production and marketing division. This Business of Farming By H. H. CARTER Associate County Agent FIRST ANI> LAST Last encampment of Ihe Grand Army of the Republic.was held at Indianapolis, Ind., on Aug. 28, 1949, Indianapolis was host for the first encampment in 18(>6. DISCOVERED POLK James Clark Ross is credited with the discovery of the north magnetic pole, In 1831, while accom panying the expedition of his uncle, Sir John Ross. Planning the cropping system on : some basis of land ciassiflcation may offer an opportunity of increasing income on your farm. The land on most North Mississippi County farms varies widely enough in productivity to offer real possibilities from such land-use planning. Classifying the land of a farm according to relative fertility and crop adaptation, and using such classification as abasis for planning the cropping system is a step toward higher returns from the land resources of the farm. Start With Land There are factors and resources other than land to consider in de- lermmm" vhe best cropping system for a farm. However, starting with and planning the crops around the land resources of the farm is generally the best procedure to follow, especially in a predominately cash- crop type of farming. Land classification and crop planning is being done when a farmer selects his best land for his limited cotton acreage allotment. However, it is likely that on many farms a more careful land classification and the planning of a more definite rotation for each class or jrade of land would pay dividends. Map Soil Classes First Classification is done by taking a farm map and carefully plotting the different grades of land, Before this can be done, however, the soil classes or grades of land to be used must be decided upon. In the Delta where slope and erosion is not generally a consideration, a practical classification might be based on relative fertility as judged by past crop yields. Two or three different grades could be set-up. These might be called No. 1, No. 2, and No. 3 lam For examples, No. 1 land might be those .locations or soil areas ol the farm which consistently produce cotton yields that are higher than average for the farm. (Certainly, on farms where cotton is the mosl profitable cash crop, cotton yields should be a main consideration arriving at the different grades land. One of the major objectives and benefits of land classification on cotton farms would be selection of the highest' yielding cotton lam on which to plant a high percentagi of the cotton allotment.) No. 2 land might be those area which normally produce below av erage cotton yields for the farm. Some farms possibly would havi some marginal land where cottoi should never be planted, but whic: would best be devoted to crops ha\ ing a comparatively low producliai cost. Such land might be callei No. 3 land. Land Features The most Important land features that affect crop yield and crop adaptation in North Mississippi County are soil texture, drainage, weed Infestation and inherent fertility. For example, No. 2 or No. 3 land might be placed in its class because yields are limited by a high proportion of sand blows, poor drainage, heavy gumbo, droughty subsoil, overflows, Johnson grass, or a low level of available plantfood in the soil. Aerial photos and county soil survey maps, where available, may he. helpful in mapping the different i land grades for a farm. Plan Field Arrangement The next step, after mapping the ' itterent grades of land, would be j o plan the field arrangement. i A main objective here is to place j ie maximum amount of one land! rade and a minimum amount of j 'iher land grades into a given field. I The extent to which this can 1 iractically be accomplished will lepend on other considerations ;uch as desirbale size and shape if field, best row direction, and listing conditions as to fences, ditches, etc. The cropping system will also in- luence field arrangement. The two ihould be considered together. Dan Definite Rotations A definite rotation should be )lanned for each grade of land, iince each will differ in crop adap- aiion and, most likely, in require- nents for soil fertility maintenance. The planning of systematic rota- ions encourages better farming nan when crops, their acreage and ocation, are decided on a year-to- year basis. Soil fertility is more likely to be maintained or improved. The livestock program, if any will be better :orrelated with the cropping sys- em. Better adaptation of crops to soil s likely, and as a consequence, a higher crop-yield index for the farm can be expected. Definite rotations _ ve direction to, and facilitate the banning of farm operations. .Rotations can be planned to permit flexibility so that desirable or necessary changes can be made w it h o u t disrupting the Whole scheme. Illustration The following simple, example of a predominately cash-type cropping system illustrates definitely planned rotations for each land grade on a farm: Assumptions: 100 acres of No. 1 cropland (mixed soil, best cotton land); 200 acres of No. 2 cropland (gumbo); 115 acre cotton allotment. Rotation for No. 1 cropland: A 4-year. rotation of (1) cotton (vetch), (2) cotton (vetch), (.3) cotton (vetch), and (4) soybeans (vetch), or corn (with heavy nitrogen fertilization). The vetch is planted as a green manure crop. Rotation for No. 2 cropland: A 5 year rotation of (1) cotton (vetch) (2) soybeans, (3) small grain (and lespedeza or late soybeans), (4" soybeans (vetch), and C5) vetch fo seed, and/or soybeans (with thi vetch lurried under us a green ma nure crop). The above cropping system results in the following acreages of crops for the farm each year: Cotton — 115, early soybeans — 80 to 145, corn — 0 to 25, small grain — 40, lespedeza or late beans (double cropped) — 40, vetch for seed — 0 to 40, and vetch for green manure (double cropped) — 115 planned. Car Lot Distributor of CYANAMID FERTILIZER in Northeast Arkansas and Southeast Missouri PAUL D. FOSTER THE CO. Phone Blytheville 3-3418 GIVE BRUSH Ihe Bum's Rush General Flub SAN ANTONIO, Tex. iff)— A ceremony at the San Antonio General Depot, reminded an old-timer of a similar one in 1945, when the late Gen. John A. Porter spoke on the depot's 100th anniversary, "Ladies and gentlemen," he began, "the San Antonio General depot is now entering its full floom of maternity!" The word "dice" is plural, singular is "die.' ' Use a NEW JOHN DEERE * Gi/tmOf ROTARY CUTTER Brush disappears like matchsticks in a hurricane under tha flailing blades of the rugged new John Deere Gyramor Botary Cutter. Willow saplings . . . Tank weeds . . . mesquite . . . palmetto . . . bushes . . . sagebrush . . . orchard and vineyard .trimmings—just about every, lorm oi brush material simply disintegrates. You can clear new land . . . clean up fence rows . . . trim rank pastures ... do any number ol jobs at low cost. The new John Deere Gyramor Rotary Cutter works on any tractor with a standard 3-point hitch or with John Deere "50,' "60," and "70" Tractors equipped with the No. 800 3-Point Hitch. See us for complete details. MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. S. Highway 61 Ph. 3-4434 ?P<$^^/& JOHN DEERE QUALITY fARM EQUIPMENT WARNING ORDER IN THE CHANCERY COURT, CHICKASAWBA DISTRICT, MISSISSIPI'I COUNTY, ARKANSAS Edna Faye Carnett, PItf. vs. No. 13,158 Frank Carnett, Dft. The defendant, Frank Carnett, Is hereby warned to appear within thirty days in the court named In the caption hereof and answer the complaint of the plaintiff, Edna Faye Carnett. Dated this 9th day of November, 1955. SEAL OERALDINE LISTON. Clerk. By OPAL DOYLE, D. C. Guy Walls, Ally. Ed B, Cook, Ally. Ad. Litem. 11/10-17-24-12/1 '56 Ford Triple Economy Trucks 1. More Power 2. New Driverized Cabs. 3. New Capacity This 118 inch wheel base '56 Ford Pick-Up that just arrived is the year's Greatest Truck Value! There Will Never Be a Better Time Than Now . . . BUY! See it at th« PHILLIPS MOTOR CO 300 Broadway Phone 3-4453

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