BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OT NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 82 Blythevllle Courier Blytheville Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, APRIL 28, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Peace Won't Bring Business 'Bust/ Weeks Tells C. of C. No Sudden Nosedive in Defense Production Forthcoming, He Says WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks said today there will be "no sudden nosedive in defense production." And there is no reason to fear a business bust when and if peace comes, he added. * "Stock Market fluctuations, course," Weeks told the U. Chamber Local-Mexican Farm Labor Pay Must Be Equal AES Says Arkansans Must Draw Same as Immigrant Workers ; LITTLE ROCK I/P) — Arkansas planters who are asking 8,000 Mexican Nationals to help them harvest the 1953 crops, will have to pay local, workers the same scale they pay the Mexicans. State Employment Security Administrator Bayard Taylor said yesterday that — if the farmers want co-operation of officials in charge of importing farm labor, they will have to make the wage scale,the same for both Mexicans and Arkansans. The request for 8,000 Mexicans is the highest in several years. Last year's requests totalled 6,000. Taylor emphasized that the equal wage edict applies only where farmers ask State Employment offices to obtain labor for them, or where Mexican labor is involved. Must Be Same "If we assist a farm owner in recruiting Mexican Nationals we shall require that his order placed for labor with the local employment office contain an offer to pay able bodied domestic help at the same rate offered Mexican labor," Taylor said. "We have no control over what an employ ei: pays for local labor where he gets it on his. own. We do not try to place any obstacles in his path to obtain independently recruited labor at any price." Taylor said local and domestic labor has been offered 40 cents an hour as & general rule. The Mexican Government requires that its Nationals be paid 50 cents an hour before allowing them to come to ihe United States to work. no excuse to fear Scout Charier Given Tr ooo 3 7 For 30th Year Nearly 70 persons were on hand at American Legion Hut last night to witness the 30th consecutive charter presentation to the Legion's j starve just because it doesnVhave Bov Scout Troop 31. I Thanksgiving turkey every day." Jim Cleveland. North Mississippi; Weeks Warned that some trouble County distinct chairman, made the; could come "if presentation to Scoutmaster Kenneth Richardson and his assistant. Bob Taylor. Speaking on the earlv days of Troop 31 was Percy A. Wright, who was a member of the troop when the Legion took over sponsorship. J. V. Dates, veteran adult Scout leader, presided over the program of Commerce. Adjustments during transitions following later reductions in defense spending, sure. Some downturns ir business activity in specific lines after over -stimulation ends, yes "But no old - fashioned depression. "The administration would hot sit twirling its thumbs if at some far-off date it should be confronted by a sizeable economic emergency." The cabinet officer said new peace feelers from Russia "seem to hint that Moscow may react more favorably to President Eisenhower's practical program for permanent peace.' Experience has taught America that we "must not lower our guard," Weeks said, but added; "The President's logic in hi: epochal speech may have convinced the new rulers of the Kremlin that world tensions should be relaxed and that trade should take the place of barbed wire frontiers." Paints Glowing Picture Weeks painted a glowing picture of "a tidal wave of peacetime output and world trade" which he said could follow if mankind were guaranteed 20 years of uninterrupted peace. "When tax money stops goini to pay for weapons and the waste of war, it will be spent by the public for the things the ingenuity of management can produce," the secretary predicted. One of the greatest stimulants, fie said, would be the "new war on world poverty" proposed by the President in his speech to the American Society of Newspaper Editors. The conception is "no- mere tin cup charity," Weeks said, but an .attainable condition "in which rising living standards would seek and pay for American exports." Every index maintained by his department reflects great economic strength and business confidence regardless of industry's awareness that the Korean fighting may end and defense orders taper off, Weeks said. "This does not mean that backlogs of every demand will mount indefinitely or that artificial boosts in certain production will continue until next January," he added. "The present boom eventually may taper off into some sorts of 'normalcy'. But that normal level, itself, will be relatively high and the long - range future prospects much higher. "Trouble Can Come" "A business, like a family, has going to Air Force Firing 'Silver Bullets In Hopes of Bagging Fly able MIG come "if a minority of Jeremiahs in the business com- j munity of the writing profession j voice such unwarranted gloom '• about tomorrow as might create i an unnecessary fear psychology in ! the spending public." More trouble could come, he I added, "if some segments of busi- and presented Tenderfoot badges to ! "ess join the clamor of pressure John Mayes, Billy Hinson, Harvey j groups every time an item is cut Flowers. Michael Boyd. Douglas' Don-is, and James Marshall. Jimmy Fong could not be present to receive his Tenderfoot badge. Mr. Wright gave Second Clnss badges to Bobby Nichols, Wayne Webster and David Moody. Glenn Ray Boyptt, D. L. Webster, Jr.. and Billy Middleton received First Class badges from Troop ConvTiittecman Bob Porter and Scout Field Executive Bill Clare presented merit badges to Boyett, Moody, Middleton and Webster. from the. federal budget." He went on: "The way to channel money from taxes back Into capital investment for jobs and into the purchasing power of consumers Is to reduce the costs of government —item by item, dollar by dollar." $100,000 Offered First Red Pilot To Give Up Jet By C. TAXES MCDANIEL WASHINGTON IV— T he Air Force has fired its first "silver bullets" in an effort to get what gunfire hasn't bagged in Korea—a live Communist pilot with a flyable MIG15 or other modern Soviet warplane. In offering rewards to Red pilots who land their planes on Allied airfields, the United Nations Com- .nand has come up with a jet-age version.of an accepted tactic in the gaudy era of Chinese warlords. The announced price scale for the first man and aircraft is $100,000 and for each subsequent pilot and plane, $50,000. Any rewards will be paid out of an Air Force contingent fund. Senators generally applauded the plan, although fear was expressed that the psychological warfare move might backfire. Chairman Saltonstall (R-Mass) of the Senate Armed Services Committee said in an interview he regarded the offer as a bold stroke, "Any step, however unusual and unprecedented, that leads in the direction of a satisfactory solution . . . MIClS's ... for these $100,000 in cash . . . of the war in Korea is worthwhile and should be tried," he said. Sen. Morse (Ind-Orel said the offer furnishes "another example of taking the initiative in demonstrating to the people behind the Iron Curtain that the Western nations are seeking only peace an to bring the war in Korea to an Government Drops Oil Company Suits Criminal Proceedings Colled Off But Door Open for Re-lnstatement WASHINGTON (AP) — The government today foigijOly dropped a criminal anti-trust proceeding against major oil companies but left the way open to re-instate it later if it decides that should be done." * Leonard J. Emmerglick, a spe- Boone Elected jafcee Kfeacr Installation of New Officers Scheduled To Be Held May 7 Billy Boone cial assistant to Attorney General Brownell, moved in TJ. S. District Court to drop the proceeding which was begun during the administration uf formrr President,Truman. •*' j£.'irmergli3>: said;Brbwriell wanv ed to make it clear that a criminal proceeding would be started anew if warranted by facts developed in a civil anti-trust proceeding against five big companies. • Judge James K. Kirkland granted Emmerglick's motion to nullify all actions taken In the/criminal anti-trust case. These included the quashing of subpoenas which had been issued for the production of many thousand documents and the discharging of a grand jury which had been impanelled to consider the case. "Wise Move" Judge Kirkland called the government's decision to substitute civil action against five major companies for the criminal proceedings a "wise, judicious and patriotic move." The criminal action involved charges of a world-wide under- st Hiding by major domestic and foreign companies to control oil distribution and prices. Pressing of the case was held up during the Truman administration when questions arose as to end without bloodshed." Will It Boomerang? But Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala), a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said he wonders if the psychological warfare move might boomerang if no Communist pilot takes up the offer. "What hcppens 'hen? Do we lose face and is Communist morale boosted?" he asked. "I don't want to be in the position of criticizing, but I hope the high command has thought this through and weighed all the risks." Sen. Fulbright (D-Ark) said he regards the $100,000 price tag on the first delivered jet as "a good bargain just on a business basis." He added that "these jets cost more than that." No one here knows how the Russians figure the cost of a MIG15, but its nearest U. S. counterpart, the F86, runs to about 3230,000. And the cost of training an American pilot is nearly $60.000. However, Sen. Mnybank (D-SC) said he doesn't believe the U. S. "can buy our way toward peace with dollars." Special Meaning In China The origin of the term "silver bullets" is obscure, some old legends bad it that persons with charmed lives were immune to lead bullets, but could be killed with silver ones. In China, the term took on a special meaning. It was applied to the idea of buying what you couldn't—or didn't want to risk— winning by fighting. Not so many years ago entire Chinese armies changed hands for less than $100,000, and the "defeated" general usually got a high- sounding title thrown in for face- saving good measure. The idea of tempting the Reds with money has been a high-level Air Force proposal for some time. Despite the hundreds of MIGs shot down by Allied airmen over Korea, not a single undamaged, airworthy Russian jet has been recovered there. The Red pilots fight and crash well on their side of the battlefront. A Polish aviator flew a MIG to Denmark last month and was given ".sylum. His picture is used on the leaflets bearing the Air Force offer. U.N. Truce Negotiators Tell Reds to Talk Business/ New Session Set for Tomorrow By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM (AP) — U.N. Negotiators today threatened to break off the renewed Korean armistice talks unless the Communists come up soon with a concrete proposal for exchanging prisoners — last big obstacle to a truce. Weather ARKANSAS—Partly cloudy, ijcat- tered thunderstorms in the west and north portions late this afternoon or tonight; warmer in east portion. Wednesday considerable cloudiness with scatered thunderstorms, cooler northwest portion in afternoon. MISSOURI — Increasing cloudiness tonight and Wednesday with scattered thunderstorms developing over west this evening and spreading eastward over state tonight and Wednesday; warmer tonight and becoming cooler west Wednesday; strong southerly winds becoming southwesterly 40-55 mp.h. Wednesday; low tonight 50s northeast to 60s southwest; high Wednesday In the 80s. Minimum this morning—48. Maximum yesterday—70. Sunrise tomorrow—5:12, Sunset today—6:42. Prcclp. 24 hours to 7 n m.—nonn. Prcclp. since Jan. 1—19.4H. Mean temperature (midway between high and Jowl—59. Normal and mean Tor April—61. This Date Last. Yrar Minimum this mornln«-IW Maximum yesterday—83, Prcclp. Jan. 1 to data— 10.il, Mississippi College Choir To Sing Here The choir of Mississippi Southern College, Hattiesburg, Miss., will present a concert at 7:30 p.m. May 5 in the BlytheviUe High School auditorium. Tin's appearance will be part of a spring concert tour being made by the choir. Three Blytheville students are members of the choir. They are Sally and Jo Ann Trieschmann and Jimmy Culbertson. Jo Ann Trieschmann, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. G. Trieschmann, will play the lead on a one-act opera, "Trial by Jury," which will be | part of the program here. She played the feminine lead role of Nadina In Oscar Straus 1 "Chocolate Soldier" which the choir presented last week at Hattiesburg. mation damaging cu ' y ' , . Preliminary to dropping the criminal case, the Justice Department last week filed a civil anti- Billy Boone was elected president I 'rust suit against Standard Oil of the Blytheville Junior Chamber j Company of New York, Standard of Commerce for the coming year at ! Oil Company of California, Socony- ast night's meeting of the organiza- ' Vacuum Oil Company, Inc.. the tion. [Texas Company and the Gulf Oil Corporation. Brownell said at the same time that the list of de- Delegates Picked For Girls' State Seven Are Named To Represent City At '53 Encampment Seven Blythevllle girls have been named delegates to the 1953 Girls' State encampment to be sponsored by the American Legion June 6-12 at Camp Robinson. These delegates are being Jointly sponsored by the American Legion j Auxiliary, the Woman's Club, Ki- winis Club and Lions Club. They are Gaylia Stlllwell, daughter of,Mr. and Mrs. Victor Stillwell; Mary Kay Crafton, daughter of Mr. ind Mrs. W. L. Crafton; Bernice Flowers, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. G. G. Flowers; Betty Lee Garrott, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Gar... .,-..,, - i roU ', Evelyn Bowen, daughter of Mr. whether it might bring out infor- j and Mra . Howard BcHV(!n; Kny Hi , Kl . to national se- j mnni daughter of Mr. and Mrs. j Charles A. Hindman; and Juanita j Ferguson, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Ferguson. Russia >4gam Backs Big-Five Peace Pact MOSCOW (AP) — The Soviet government again has endorsed the Communist-sponsored proposal for a peace pact by the "Big Five" powers — the United States, the Soviet Union, Communist China, Britain and France. The latest Russian nudge for such EL peace agreementr—which the Soviet Union has,_ urged repeatedly at meetings of the United Nations Assembly—was voiced by Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov in a message sent yesterday to the meeting in Paris of the Soviet- supported "Congress of the Peoples in Defense of Peace." (There was no immediate comment from the State Department in Washington on the Molotov message. Officials said privately it sounded like standard Russian propaganda. The Western Powers have rejected previous Soviet overtures for a big-power conference to conclude such a peace pact. They contend it promises nothing but fruitless talk unless the Communists first prove their peaceful intentions in such existing bodies as the U. N. Assembly, the U. N. Disarmament Commission and the deputy foreign ministers trying to write an Austrian independence agreement.) Moscow newspapers published the text of Molotov's message today. The papers said the Paris congress—which includes prominent members of the Communist- backed Peace Partisan movement —had appealed to the five governments to "begin talks for the purpose of connluding a peace pact among 1 the hi/e great powers." Molotov replied that the Soviet government, "following its policy of strengthening of peace and co-operation between peoples, BO!- Idarizes with the appeal of the congress . . . and with the proposal contained in the appeal." "The Soviet government," the nessage continued, "is convinced there does not exist any such difficult or unsolved questions which could not be decided by peaceful means on the basis of an agreement between the interested countries." 35 Freed U.S. POWs Flying Home By OLEN CLEMENTS TOKYO W—Thirty-five American soldiers, freed from Communist prison camps in Korea last week, boarded a big hospital plane here today and headed eastward across the Pacific toward home. The plane will land in Honolulu, across the international date line, this afternoon, Hawaiian time. After resting about 24 hours the men will leave for California on the last leg of their homeward flight. See Page 2 For List No definite schedule was announced, but the plane probably will land at Travis Air Force Base, 40 miles northeast of San Francisco, early Thursday. The lucky 35 picked for the first h o m e w a r d-bound plane were moved shortly after noon from two Tokyo Army hospitals to Hanecla Airport, where the big transport was waiting. Some were litter cases. The Army refused to let newsmen talk with the former prisoners at the airport. Another 114 Americans freed last week at Panmunjom still are under treatment at Army hospitals in Japan. There has been no announcement when a second plane would leave for the U. S. Runnerup in the three-way presidential race, Bob Warren, will be- i come first vice-president. Mr. Boone. owner of Boone Cleaners, is a past first vice president and has been a member of the state board of directors. He succeeds Dr. James C. Guard. Also elected las night were Emery Francis, second vice president; Nick Powers, secretary; Listen Neely. treasurer; and board of directors members. T. H. Caraway, Bill Hrabovsky and J. L. Westbrook. All new officers are to be installed at, an installation banquet to be h"'d at the Razorback May 7. Plans for ticket sales to the Jny- cee-sponsored Diano Circus, \vhich will present two performances here May 8, also were discussed last night. j fendants might be expanded later to include other oil corporations, domestic and foreign. Holland Bans Red Shipments THE HAGUE, The Netherlands Wi—The Netherlands government today forbade all shipments of armaments and war materials to Red China and North Korea. The Dutch Foreign Office said the government decree followed the same lines as recent British and French bans. German Reds Purge Libraries BERLIN tin — The Russian zone government Is purging East Germany's libraries, chiefly to weed out such "pacifist" books as Erich Maria Remarque's "All Quiet on the Western. Front." the U. S. High Commission reported today. U. S. Author John Dos Passes' "Three Soldiers" also is on the banned list. Details of the purge are laid down in a set of instructions to East German librarians. A copy of it was brought recently to West Berlin. According to these instruction*;, all books with "pacifist, militarist, cosmopolitan, objectivist or opportunist" contents must be removed and turned over to the education ministry for further decision. Solon Urges: 'Take Selection of Presidential Candidates Out oi Back-Room Barons Hands' Late Bulletin— WASHINGTON m —The Senate afi'rced today to brln* the bitterly fnught submerged oil Innds hill to a vote al 2 p.m. (EST) Tuesday, May 5. By JOE HALL WASHINGTON Wl—Sen, Sraath- ers (D-FIa) said today selection of presidential candidates should be taken out of the hands of "a few haggling, ambitious, hack - room barons." He made the assertion in a statement prepared for a judiciary Bub- committee hearing on his proposed constitutional amendment to set up a national presidential nominating primary. The amendment would eliminate the. national convention fjystcm of choosing presidential nominees. Instead they would be selected at state primaries held on the same day throughout the nation. "The people of America saw the Inefficient, archaic, and disgraceful method of selecting presidents at the conventions which were held In Chicago last year," said Smathers. Last year's conventions were the first ever televised. "There Is no doubt but what the people of the U. S. did not like what they saw," Smathers continued. "They don't believe that It Is good democracy to leave the selection of presidential candidates in the hands of a lew haggling, ambitious, back-room barons of professional politicians. "The President of the United States la too Important to leave solely In the realm of politicians." The Smathers amendment has these two other provisions: 1. Changing what he called "the archaic electoral college system" used In national presidential elections to provide proportional division of the electoral votes from each state. 2. Providing that a vice president who succeeded to the highest -.free on the death of a president See SMATHCKS on race 134 Many Lawyers Here Oppose Integration' A firm front of opposition to yesterday's ruling by the Arkansas Supreme Court for Integration of the State Bar Association was manifested in a cursory survey of Blytheville attorneys today. With two Justices dissenting, the*—- .. court granted a petition which will call for compulsory membership of all attorneys in the state In an association under the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court Membership in the present association Is voluntary. Of the 10 local attorneys questioned concerning the decision, only one definitely favored the plan while six were opposed to it. Two were neither for or against the ruling, which will require all members to contribute to the support of the new organization stating that they felt it would have very little effect on the profession in the future. One member of the local bar had no opinion on the ruling. The major objection, which waf expressed by most of the lawyers who opposed integration of the bar was that it meant undesirable regimentation and control of the profession from an outside source. More than one attorney felt tha the law profession is one of the lasl unregimented groups in America and that if the plan Is carried out it will merely be the beginning ol even greater regimentation and domination of the profession from the outside. , One lawyer felt It was just another step toward socializing the country and killing initiative, while another felt that it is a far-reaching step which could prove to be dangerous to the legal profession unless more active participation and interest by all attorncsy in the organization Is forthcoming. . While expressions of opposition were strong, several of the attorneys Indicated they thought the plan may have some good points though none of the possible benefits could overcome the objections. Red Prisoner Killed PUSAN, Korea «P|—A South Korean guard shot and killed a North Korean prisoner of war attempting to escape from a Koje Island compound Sunday, the U. N. POW Command announced today. Bloodmobile Aides Sought Training Course To Start Friday A call for volunteers to assist in the bloodmoblle which comes to Blythevllle May 6 went out today from Mrs. W. J, Pollard, chairman of service groups for Chicka.sawba District Red Cross chapter. A training course for workers will be given at Hotel Noble Friday ait- ernoon from 1 to 4 o'clock. The course will cover all phases of volunteer work, including clerical work in the chapter office and assistance in disaster work. Mary J. Woolston, chief nurse for the Memphis Defense Blood Cent will handle instruction for the bloodmobile operation. Dr. Samuel L. Wadley, medical director of Memphis' btood center, will explain the blood proginm, eluding the collection and use of gamma globulin. The course Is free to prospective volunteers and those persons who have served in volunteer capacities In the past. Registration for the training program may be made by telephoning the Red Cross office at 4481. ' Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison said the U. N. Command "does not intend to become involved in protracted and useless arguments." And he warned the Reds that they "should be well aware that we mean what we say." Official sources in Washington, however, were said to see a glimmer of hope that the Reds may be moving toward a truce despite today's U. N. threat. The session at Panmunjom was the third since the negotiations were revived Sunday in an effort to decide what to do with prisoners who refuse to go home. The Allies asked the Reds to name a neutral state which would assume custody of prisoners unwilling to return to Communist rule, but received no deiinite answer. The Communists have indicated they might name Red-run Poland or Czechoslovakia, neither of which would be acceptable to the U. N. Command. The Communists rejected Switzerland. The full five-member delegations met for 39 minutes and will meet again Wednesday at 11 a. m. Deadlocked On 3 Points They were deadlocked on three main points;: 1. The neutral state to handla balky prisoners. 2. The length of time after an armistice necessary for disposal of prisoners. 3. Whether prisoners will ba shipped to the neutral state or be held In Korea while their fate is decided. North Korean Gen. Nam U offered nothing new in a lengthy statement Tuesday. "It was nothing in the world but a rehash of what was said before," Harrison told newsmen. Nam once more called lor debate on decioing the neutral state and he described ; the six-point proposal he advanced at the opening session Sunde., as' reasonable. This proposal called for repatriating within two months after an armistice prisoners wanting to go home, and for sending to a neutral state those refusing repatriation. Within the following six months, representatives of Red China and North Korea would be permitted to visit the prisoners in neutral custody and give them explanations" to quiet their "apprehensions" about returning home. Nine Months Too Long The United Nations Command insisted that the nine months or more required to dispose of the prisoners is too long and proposed the situation be handled In two months. The Communist proposal also provides that even after the nine months the fate of prisoners still refusing to go home would be decided by a high-level postarmistlce political conference. Harrison again told the Reds Tuesday that their proposal was neither reasonable nor constructive. He said; "It was our hope that we might be able to agree on a reasonable ind honorable armistice which would protect the human rights of prisoners of war that caused us to consent to resume meetings of the full delegations. It still remains our hope." Harrison said the Allied command assumed its nomination of Switzerland as the neutral state would be accepted immediately by the Communists as a sincere effort by the Allies to reach a satisfactory agreement. "You have cast doubt on your See TRUCE on Pace U Inside Today's Courier News ... 15(1 boys register for Little Lcag-ue . . . Major League (cams start first long road trips . . . Sports . . . Pajte 10. ... .. . Murphy named Gen. Clark's adviser . . . Page 9. . . . . . Society news . .. Page 4. .. . . . Markets , . . rage 14. . Leachville, Manila Phone Rate Hike Due Telephone users in Leachville and Manila face the possibility of rate increases of 25 cents to $1.25 a month effective June 1. A new rate schedule calling for the increases was filed today with the Public Service Commission in Little Rock by Arkansas Associated Telephone Co. of Warrensburg, Mo. These increases will go into effect June 1 unless a protest Is filed against them. Such a protest would necessitate a public hearing before the PSC, which would then rule on the rate hikes. Six other Eastern Arkansas towns also are affected by this rate increase application. These are Caraway, Clarendon, Holly Grove, Lake city, Monette and Trumann. Under the new schedule, individual telephones will be charged from 25 cents to $1.25 a month more than the present rate, depending on the type of service In cr.ch case.
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