The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 13, 1956 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, March 13, 1956
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BLYTHEVILLE fBB DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NEWS ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 297 Blythetille Courier BlytbeTilli Daily Nff MiialMlppI Villey Leader Blythevlll«r ' 111 Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MARCH 13, 1956 FOURTEEN PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS All of Nation Watches New Hampshire Vote By BELMAN MORIN ' MANCHESTER, N. H. (AP) — The first primary election in the 1956 political cam- pafgns and the first test of strength between.two Democratic presidential contenders began today in the "weather >ane" state of New Hampshire. Two tiny towns — Millsfield and Ellsworth — completed their votes only minutes after • -—— —* midnight. • • . ' . MilMield split Is four votes ^^ * I ^" j evenly between President Elsen• X/rNfl/^TC I fa f%TITU I Ql aower and Adlai Stevenson. ^yUMVJId WWl II II IUCJ Ellsworth, where six ballots : I It were cast, gave Jive votes for Anti - British Strike; No New Violence By L. S. CHAKALES NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — A«i anti-British strike continued in Cyprus today, keeping commercial life on the riot- torn island almost at a 'standstill for the second consecutive day. -* The spontaneous shutdown by Cypriot shopkeepers and workers is protesting Britain's exile of Archbishop Makarios, leader of the union-with-Oreece movement. A few shops hesitantly opened their doors this morning but closed again as word spread to continue the protest. Business places In the Turkish and Armenian quarters remained PROMOTED — Blytheville Air Force Base executive officer Col. Derwood K. Smith recently re. ceived orders from Ninth Air Force telling of his promotion to full colonel. He will be 461st Bombardment Wing executive officer- when wing headquarters moves to BAJRB in-April. A senior pilot, he flew 126 combat missions in the European Theater during World War n. .--,, Dulles Heads For Thailand U. S. Secretary Praises Leadership Of Indonesia JAKARTA, Indonesia Ht—U.S. Secretary of State Dulles flew on to Thailand today after praising the "strong patriotic leadership" of Indonesia's leaders and extending President Eisenhozer's invitation for President Soekarno to visit the United States. In Bangkok, a source close to Dulles said, the secretary would announce Thailand has been selected as the site for the small nuclear reactor the United States has promised to build in Southeast Accepted Invitation Soekarno.accepted the invitation to visit the United States for his first trip to the Western Hemisphere. He did not set a date, but an aide to Dulles said it most likely would be some time in the spring. After his talk with the Presl- See DULLES on Page It Rental Survey Team Is Set Up A six-member survey team to help establish fair and adequate living accommodation rental rates has been appointed by the House- Commercial committee of the Blytheville Air Force-Community Council. , Members are Johnny Marr, Qeorge Wiggs and George M. Lee, all Blytheville real estate men, ana Maj. Donald L. Anderson, Capt. Cread Clifton and Master dine B. Jones, of the base. Sgt. . The team will survey property at the request of owners in an attempt to set a proper rent. Landlords desiring service have been asked to contact. the Chamber of Commerce in City Hall. Change Is Mod* In Brokerage Business Here Thomson & McKlnnon, brokers In lecurlties and commodities nave taken over brokerage offices of W. K. Richmond & Co. In Blythevffle and three other cltlea, : -.•;'<. Burton 'L. Settoon will continue u manager ol the Blytheville office, Other offices concerned are In the transfer art located In Mem- phl», Jackson, Term., and Mew Orleans," ' , ' ''-' : .' , '••''•.'.'.-' Thomion & McKlnnoo li a loog- eiUbliihed firm, now offering the laclllUM of.47 oHIwi In the U.S, and Canada. The company • holds membership* In all leading security and oommodltr "chant". open. Military Patrols Oni patrols were out in strength in the island's principal cities and towns but no fresh disorders were reported. As tensions continued to mount, a U.S. State Department spokesman J ln Washington -said ' the United States has suggested to Britain that she find, some way of resuming negotiations with Cypriot leaders in the dispute over the island's future. Qreek Foreign Minister Spyros Theotokls announced, that his government was making vigorous representations to the United States over recent developments the' eastern Mediterranean which Greece wants to annex. Theotoks sad Oeeece's ambassador to Washington was instructed to direct special attention to what Greece terms>'ihe threats to the West contained -In -the; -con* troversy. Greek Premier Constantfne KaramanlSs .called for decisive U. -S; Intervention in the situation, saying, "The future' of the free world should be a matter of grave concern." Reds Rounded \Ip Trade union leaders In Greece called a nationwide general strike to protest the "barbarous acts of the British in Cyprus and (he'ar- rest and abduction of Archbishop Makarios." Athens police rounded up 150 alleged Communists yesterday as scattered rioting again swept the city. At least 11 persons were injured. The strike in Cyprus had no central organization, developing on a basis of falling in line with See CYPRUS on P»je U President Eisenhower the sixth was blank. Only the names of Estes Ke- Kauver are listed on the presidential preference portion of the first-in-the nation .ballot. The names ofc Stevenson for 'president and Gov. Averell Harriman of New York for vice president were written on'the ballot by two voters in Millsfield. Bridge! Drew Write-in The two Republican voters in that town wrote in the name of Sen. Bridges (R-NH) for vice president: Sen. Bridges also drew a write- in vote for vice president ID Ellsworth. In the 1952 presidential election, Millsfield cast eight ballots — all for President Eisenhower. New Hampshire is predominantly Republican. But nevertheless the chief interest focused today on Sen. Kefauver and Stevenson, who are both seeking 'the Democratic nomination for president. On the Republican side, President Eisenhower, represented by 26 delegate-candidates, had virtually no opposition. Campaigns Rumored Rumors circulated, however, that New Hampshire backers of three GOP leaders were attempt- Ing to organize write-in campaigns to spark vice presidential drives for them. The reports mentibned Vice President Nixon, Sen. Bridges and Sherman Adams, former governor, of this state'and now 1 .top administrative assistant to the President. Kefauver alone has actually stumped the sate. Most of the excitement is confined to the cannonading among the Democrats. Unless the results today are completely clear-cut, it is virtual ly.certain fhat^both Kefauver and Stevenson .will' claim a victory in the election. The reason is this Kefauver is officially a candidate. He, .gave,,jhis^,permission to have'Hs'*ffiSe^prmted on the bal lot, and , he sanctioned the filing of » full slate of 12 delegate candidates. .Their names appear as "pledged" to him. (.He has disavowed three other entrants who filed as "favorable" to him. without his knowledge.) Not Official Candidate Stevenson, on the other hand, is not a candidate, officially. His name does not appear the preferential section of the ballot, known as the "popularity contest." And his 12 delegate candidates—since they entered without his official permission—appear merely.as "favorable" to him. Moreover, he did not actually See ELECTION on Page 14 U. S. Churchmen Hit Snag in Russia By STANLEY JOHNSON MOSCOW (AP) — A delegation of American clergymen and Patriarch Alexei ran into differences at the opening of their formal talks today over how much time they should devote to discussing the role of the churches in the struggle for peace. The visitors, headed by Dr.* Eugene Carson Blake of Philadelphia, found themselves entangled with the head of the Russian Orthodox Church in a procedural wrangle of a type which has plagued most postwar Western negotiations with the Russians. The peace topic was up for discussion today at a round table in the patriarch's residence, which incidentally is on a narrow street called "Clean Alley." The patriarch touna this mucn to his liking and said he probably would want to talk on the same subject tomorrow. . Dr. Blake, president of the U. S. National Council of Churches, objected. His 10-man group .which arrived Sunday, has a packed program for the remaining eight days of the visit. Agreed on Agenda ; "We have agreed to a seven- point agenda'and the;members of our delegation came prepared to discuss '. all points," Dr. Blake said. "Tomorrow -we . planned to discuss the freedom of churches to fulfill their mission." The official Russian Orthodox view is that all churches should join the Communlst-backeo World See CHURCHMEN « Page U Council Meets Next Tuesday City Council meeting, regularly Mheduled for > p.m. today, haa been pbatponed Until the same time next TUetday, Mayor Toler Buchanan has announced. The agenda, with Its normal clot- Ing Friday before the meeting, will IN held open until Utta Friday night, i their boarda, Bond Issues On Ballots Of Two Schools School board elections throughout the country Saturday will hold special significance in two. districts when Dell voters will be asked to approve »147,50Q in refinancing bonds and Shawnee district elector! will vote on $100,000 in construction bond*. VThe Dell bond issue is purely a refinancing measure for present structures and does not include new construction. Shawnee district, serving Joiner ">nd Frenchman's' Bayou, plans to spend (120,000 for two new school buildings. Of- that amount, »30,OOU is on hand in cash. The bond Issue, If approved, will support the remainder. One > program will enlarge the present high school at Joiner. Six classrooms, a library, a study hall and various offices will be constructed. ' = The second Is for a Negro elementary school at Frenchman's Bayou, according to 14. H. Benton, school superintendent. An existing Negro school at Joiner will be abandoned for classroom purposes, he said. The Negro facility at French -man'* Bayou will be composed 01 eight classrooms and office space In addition to the Negro school there now. • , . . Each of the county's U school district! will vote on members of Powder Keg- . Western eyes are again on Palestine where intensified Israeli- Arab friction could spark off World War HI. Maps show basis of dispute. On Nov. 28, 1947, the U. N. voted to establish an independent Jewish state, dividing Palestine among Israel, Egypt and Jordan as shown at upper left. This went into effect May 15, 1948. Arabs were incensed and soon Invaded ,the Israel area. In the battles that followed they were beaten. Early in 1949, fighting ceased when the U. N. succeeded in gaining an armistice, setting new boundaries, which still are "official" today, as shown on upper right map. There has been sporadic fighting ever since. Now Arab League leaders — Egypt, Saudi Arabia,.Syria — are trying to line up on their side Jor- .dan, with its Arab Legion, the Arab world's best fighting force. On Integration Issue; Humphrey Hints Action to Answer Dixie 'Manifesto' .By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) talked today of circulating a declaration supporting the Supreme Court's school integration decision "manifesto" attacking the ruling. Humphrey said, "It certainly* seerns to me that a statement of support for the decision, of the court is valid and desirable." He told an interviewer be thinks some action of that kind may be taken. He said he believes far more than the 19 senators and-81 House members who signed the Southern document would be.willing to sign a declaration that the court's order outlawing the segregation of white and Negro public school pupils is the law of the land and should be enforced. "Desperate Situation" However, Sen. George (D-Ga) to counter a Southern Politics Delaying Farm Bill Debate Ellender Charges By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Ellender (D-La) said today so much "lousy politics" has been injected into the Senate's debate on a new farm bill that he has given up forecasting when it will act on the measure. Sen. Aiken (R-Vt), chief administration spokesman on the bill in the Senate, said, "We might get through by Friday night, but there are plenty of unsettled controversies." Ellender, chairman of the Agriculture Committee who had been urging final action on the bill by last weekend, said in a separate interview: "We are just drifting into lousy politics - and that goes. for both sides. I've quit predicting when we'll ever get through with it. We are engaging in pure demagoguery." Slower Pace Democratic Leader Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas and Republican Leader Knowland of California apparently agreed upon a slower pace after several 12-hour sessions last week brought only slow progress. The Senate quit alter an eight- hour session yesterday and planned about the same today. One amendment adopted 78-11 yesterday would CA) limit to $100,000 the amount of price support loans any one farm operator could receive in a year and (B) limit to $25,000 the amount of payments to one i'arm under the proposed soil bank program.. Pending overnight was a new dispute over price supports—a"domestic parity" plan for wheat sponsored by a bipartisan group of wheat state lawmakers headed by Sen. Carlson (B-Kan). It calls for 100 per cent of parity returns to wheat farmers for that part of their crop consumed domestically for human food.. Changes Suggested With more than 80 farm bill amendments still pending, Ellender complained that the Senate yesterday used eight hours "Just to complete one amendment." Actually a number of suggested changes were handled In a hybrid compromise. Sen. Williams (R-Del> first proposed a $25,000 ceiling on crop support loans to one farmer in year. Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) offered a substitute to raise the ceiling to $50,000 but give all farmers 90 per cent price supports on the first $5,000 of their basic crop production. He said this would help small farmers. Humphrey See FARM on Page 14 said in, a separate interview that "if any vigorous effort is made to use force to carry into action the Supreme Court's decree, it is going to result in a desperate situation." He cautioned further:. "If this matter is pressed it will result in some states going out of the public school business. Unless there is a ' reasonable approach to this problem by men and. women of good will that may be the result." George headed a group of Dixie lawmakers who formally presented to the Senate and House yesterday a declaration that called the court's 1954 decision "a clear abuse of judicial power" and challenged it as not being in compliance with the Constitution. Sen. Russell (D-Ga), who directed drafting of the manifesto, said he knows of no organized plan to use the Southerners' power in Congress in efforts to reverse the Supreme Court's ruling. Not All For It "However," he said, "I think we will do anything legal that we See INTEGRATION on Page 14 French Senate Gets Request of MoSlet By JOSEPH E. DYNAN PARIS (AP) — Premier Guy Mollet's bill for sweeping emergency powers to quell the Algerian rebellion \yent to the Senate today backed by overwhelming approval in the National Assembly. The Senate Was expected to act either tmorrow or Thursday. The measure authorizes broad Wilson, BlytheYille Girls Win County Event Youngsters from Blytheville and Wilson took first place in Bible memory contests last night at Wilson. Fourteen churches from over the county were represented at the meet. Emma Lou Estes of Wilson won the Junior memory word drill. She's the daughter of Mr .and Mrs. Joe Estes. Linda Ruth Brown of Blytheville's First Baptist Church and daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ted Brown took first place in the intermediate division. More than 250 persons were on hand for the event in Wilson's Baptist Church last night. Winners wilt compete in slat* events at Fort Smith Friday and Saturday. powes to impose martial law, shake up the Algerian administration and break up vast landed estates for the benefit of Moslem tenant farmers . The action came as a wave of Algerian troop desertions plagued the French army in the North African territory. The National Assembly adopted the bill 455-76. Only the followers of Pierre Poujade, the antitax leader, voted against Mollet as group. Communist leader Jacques uclos surprised most political observers when he threw his bloc of 150 votes to support of the bill. Going to Mollet Just back from Moscow and the Soviet Communist Party Congress, Duclos made it clear his votes were going to Mollet In an effort to bolster the Reds' current campaign for a "popular front" with the Socialists. In a statement to the Assembly, Mollet made it equally clear he was avoiding any entanglement with the Communists. Mollet's resident minister in Algeria, Robert Lacoste. waiting in See ALGERIA on Page 14 Polish Communist Boss Dies LONDON (iP)—Warsaw radio announced today that Polish 'Communist boss Boleslaw Bierut had died In Moscow "niter a severe illness." Bierut, first secretory of the Polish Communist party and former president and premier of the So- vtet bloc state, was M. He had been Poland's No. 1 Com- munlst since World War H and wa» elected president of the Polish republic by the Communist-dominated diet In February 1947. Five years later, In 1952, he gnve up the presidency to become premier. In 1(54 he resigned the pre- miership to take over the chief party post. The same switch was made in other Communist countries, and all were viewed by Western observers as ft reassertlon of party control after the rise to top power In the Soviet Union ot party boss Nlklta Khrushchev. • The Polish radio broadcast this medical bulletin on the Red leader's death; ,, , "At the end of February, Comrade Bierut was taken 111 with Induct™ and pneumonia. On March 11 InfectldYi of the great heart muscle set In nnd March 12, amid symptoms ot progressing heart ves- sel failure, death occurred." The bulletin was signed by Prof. Vnsilenko, - corresponding member of the Soviet Academy of Medical Sciences; Prof. M. Felgln, chief specialist In Internal diseases at the clinic of the Polish Ministry of Health; and Prof. A. Markov, head of the fourth section of the Soviet Ministry of Health. Bierut had Bone to Moscow to attend the 20th Congress ot the Soviet Communist party. Pclgln's signature on the medical bulletin indicated that he had been summoned lo the Soviet capital when Blcnit became 111. Debate on Excise Tax Extension Begins in House WASHINGTON (AP) — No concerted opposition was evt dent as House leaders called up for passage today bills to can-, eel a three-billion-dollar reduction in business and excise taxes scheduled to take effect April 1. The bills were brought before* •* the House under procedure limiting debate to 40 minutes and requiring two-thirds approval for passage. The Senate has, not acted. ' The legislation would extend for another year after the present 52 per cent income tax on corporation profits, and' existing excises on liquor, gasoline .special motor fuels, cigarettes and autos. 1 Year-to-Year These rates were imposed early in the Korean War, and Congress has extended them on a year-to- year ba,sis since it ended.. Extension until April 1, 1957, was requested by President Eisenhower as being necessary to balance the budget this year and next. He was backed by both Republican and Democratic House leaders. In the absence of congressional action, corporation income taxes Would automatically fall to .VI per cent April 1. The cutback would reduce the normal tax rate from 30 to 26 per cent while leaving unchanged the 22 per cent surtax. $2 Billion Lou Treasury experts estimate loss of revenue at two billion dollars If business taxes should revert to the 47 per cent rate, and another billion dollars if excises should go back to pre-Korean levels. The extension is designed to block reduction of the gasoline tax from 3 to l'/ 2 cents a gallon; liquor from $10,50 to $9 gallon; beer from $9 to $8 a barrel; autos from 10 to 7 per cent; cig- wines varying amounts according to alcoholic content. Gill Seeking To Halt Action By Compress H. Noble Gill today petitioned in Chancery Court for a temporary injunction to prevent Dell Compress Co. and its directors from declaring a dividend tomorrow. According to the complaint, Dell Directors E. M. Woodard, E. A. Stacy, Mrs. T. P. Martin, B. A. Lynch, B. S. Simmons plan to meet at 2 p.m. tomorrow to "vote upon a special cash dividend not to exceed 100 per cent" of the par value of the compress stock. He said that he believes the cash balance of the firm to be less than $78,000 and its current liabilities to be more than $49,000. The complaint said that three of the defendants had publicly said the 100 per cent dividend would be declared, notwithstanding. Gill said it "would seriously impair the financial condition" of the firm. He asked for the temporary injunction against the dividend and to prevent the Farmers Bank & Trust Co. from honoring dividend checks. At press time today the injunction had not been granted. A suit against Gill is pending in which a stockholder has asked that stock purchased by Gill not be registered in his name. The defendant declared that purchase price paid did not represent the true value of the stock. A temporary injunction against registering the questioned securities in Gill's name was granted. Hearing on the case has been set for March 20. NAACP Planning Speaking Tour LITTLE ROCK l!f>— The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People plans to send speakers throughout the state to tell its story in the racial integration controversy. The Little Rock chapter of NAACP voted to set up a speaker's bureau. The Rev. J. C. Crenslmw, president of the chapter, will select the speakers, who will appear before both white and Negro organizations on invitation. Dr. Murphy Legion to Mark 37th Birthday Widely-Known El Dorado Doctor Speaker Tonight Dud Cason Post of American Legion celebrates the 31th anniversary of the Legion tonight with a dinner for post members and their guests. Between 250 and 300 persons are expected to be on hand to hear Dr. Garland Murphy Jr., Arkansas member of the Legion National Executive Committee. The El Dorado Legionnaire will be principal speaker for the event which gets started at 7:30. Circuit Court Judge H. O. (Charley) Partlow .will be master of ceremonies and Marshal Blackard is in charge of banquet arrangements. War II Major Murphy is a former major arid flight surgeon who was on active duty during World War II with the Air Force. , He has been commander of the El Dorado post, the Arkansas Department and was an alternate on the national executive committee before receiving his two-year appointment to the committee last Sec LEGION on Page 14 Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS — Mostly cloudy with occasional rain and a few thundershowers this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday. Slowly rising temperatures tonight and Wednesday. High this afternoon, mid 40s; low tonight mid to high 30s. MISSOURI — Pair north, cloudy south this afternoon with occasional rain and thunderstorms extreme south; warmer; cloudy south with increasing cloudiness north tonight and Wednesday; warmer over state; occasional rain and thunderstorms continuing south portion tonight and spreading over most o! west portion by late Wednesday; low tonight 30 north to 40 south; high Wednesday 45-50 south to 50* elsewhere. Minimum this morning—33. Maximum yesterday—42. Sunrise tomorrow—$:13, Sunset todny—6:06, Mean tcmpcrnUirc—37.3. Precipitation 24 hours (7 a.m. to f a.m.)—.10. Precipitation Jnn. 1 to dftti>~lJ.7l. Thl« l)«lc Ult Y««r Minimum yc»tenliy~73, Minimum this mornln^-M. Proe!plt«llon J«o. 1 lo

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