BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT OTWiPAMSR OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 31 Blythevllle Courier Blythevllle Daily Newt Mississippi Valley Leadw Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, APRIL 27, 1953 TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE GENTS Defense Aide Says Munitions Picture Will Be Reviewed By STERLING F. GREEN WASHINGTON (AP) — Roger M. Kyes, deputy secretary of defense, said today the Eisenhower administration will review the whole munitions picture and wted out high- cost arms plants to keep Amercia strong in peace and war. Congressmen Plan Strategy For SPA Fight Friendly Solons Ponder Problem of Getting More Money WASHINGTON — Congressmen friendly to the Southwestern Power Administration today pondered the best strategy to follow in efforts to get more money for that agency. The House Appropriations Committee recommended last week that SPA be held to a total of $1,650,000 for the year starring next Juy 1 — an action called "a slap in the farmer's face" by Clyde Ellis, executive director of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association. This was $7,400,000 under the amount recommended for SPA by former President Truman last January and $4,395,000 below that suggested more recently by Interior Secretary McKay. The problem, said one House member, is whether to try to override the committee in the House this week or to wait and concentrate the effort in the senate. Some House members are said to fear it may be impossible to override the committee and that a House defeat would weaken the case for SPA in the Senate or later when the bill goes to conference. Rayburn Quiet Democ'-atin Minority Lead.er Rayburn (D-Tex.), who in the past has strongly supported SPA, has not yet indicated what, he plans to do. Rep. Trimble (D-Ark), another friend of SPA, said he will support any move made in the House to increase the appropriations. SPA officials and Ellis contended the agency will be hurt chiefly by the slash in its continuing fund. SPA markets surplus power from government-owned dams. Its customers chiefly are Rural Electric Cooperatives and some small municipalities. It also trades power with private utilities and with groups of cooperatives owning generating plants. The continuing fund is used in carrying out the interchange contracts. The committee recommended only $150,000 for the continuing fund. This compares with 55,550,000 recommended by the Truman See SPA on Paffe 12 + "Fantastic," Kyes called some of the planning done by the former Truman administration. A speech he prepared for the U. s. Chamber of Commerce convention here contained the sharpest criticism to come so far from the new administration of the Truman regime's rearmament program. The No. 2 man in the Defense Department announced: "Because in some instances the mobilization base is too widely diffused, there will be situations where a sufficient quantity of the item manufactured is not required to maintain a minimum economic production flow in all facilities. "In these cases, certain of the facilities will be forced to stop production, and where necessary for the maintenance of the mobiliza-' tion base, arrangements will be made for standby, while in others, the tools will be handled in such a manner as to assure their availability. The general policy will be that of retaining the low-cost producer of desired goods, as against the high-cost producer." But Kyes also said "careful consideration" would be given to preserving industries vital to defense which do not have full opportunity in civilian economy, noting that "the aircraft industry is an example of this type." Reflects Wilsons Views This major policy statement by Kyes presumably reflected the current views of Secretary of Defense Wilson, who has been in Europe. Both men are former top executives of General Motors. A month ago Wilson was known to be questioning the wisdom of the "broad case" mobilization pro- n'an'c7n'jr"p7an"us7d. gram instituted by the former administration. In his prepared address, Kyes used sharp words in talking of the rearmament program started with the beginning of the Korean War irj 1950—"fantastic paper targets," See MUNITIONS on Page h THEY FEEL NATURAL AGAIN — Billy Penn (left), Macone, Miss., and Thomas Waddill, Port Worth, Tex., Navy hospital corpsmen, once more wear the familiar U.S. Marine Corps field clothing and sailoi caps, stike a jaunty air at Panmunjom after their release in the fourth exchange of prisoners of war. They were captured by the Reds while serving as hospital corpsmen with the Marines during the vicious fight on Vegas Hill, March 26 of this year, and stand beside a helicopter which took them from Panmunjom to Freedom Village. (U. S. Navy photo via AP Wirephoto) Truce Talks Deadlocked Again As UN Rejects POW Proposal Supreme Court Okays State Bar Integration LITTLE ROCK (AP) — The Arkansas Supreme Court today said that eventually all lawyers practicing in the state will have to be members ot an organization set up under high court jurisdiction. Over the vigorous dissent of two of its members, the Court granted, petition for integration of the Bar in Arkansas. That will mean, when details re completed, that all lawyers will have to be members of a formal Bar organization and will have to contribute towards its support. The alternative, according to a dissenting opinion, would be "disbarment," Apparently, the organization would supersede or take over the Marjorty Favors New Sewers But Bond Method Is Opposed A majority of persons participating in the Courier News' opinion poll on Blytheville's sewer situation favor improvements in the system. The majority, however, opposes a $1,300,000 revenue bond which has been proposed by a Chamber of Commerce committee to finance a new city-wide system. While they overlap, these sta-+ tistical majorities dp not coincide. Of the majority opposing the bond issue plan, nearly three- fourths are against any sewer improvements whatsoever. The remainder favors sewer improvements, but wants some other fi- Dulles Back From Europ To See Ike WASHINGTON (#)—Secretary of State Dulles returned from an Atlantic alliance meeting today to report, to President -Eisenhower and Con^re^s that "W accomplished some good, hard, practical results" in the interests of American se~ curitp. Dulles together with Treasury Secretary Humphrey and Foreign Aid Chief Stassen arrived from Paris in a military air transport plane. He said he expected to see Eisenhower some time today and go before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee tomorrow. See Related Story Page 2 Ministers of the North Atlantic Council countries in Paris were so busy with their own work, he told reporters, that "we didn't have time "to give very much study to Saturday's Moscow press statement generally rejecting Eisenhower's recent peace plan but stating a readiness to engage in talks with the Western powers. Dulles offered no other comment on the Moscow reaction. Of the Paris session he said: "We had. I think, a very successful meeting, We were very realistic. We accomplished some good hard practical results which I think on the one hand fully protected the interests of the United States and on the otrer hand built up the strength of NATO in which we were all interested." Talks Resumed CAIRO, Egypt m — Anglo-Egyptian talks on evacuation of British forces from the Suez Canal zone were renewed todny between Premier Gen. Mohamed Naguib and British Ambassador Sir Ralph Stevenson. French Bolster Laotian Forces Transport- Planes Fly Troops, Supplies To Besieged Area HANOI, Indochina OP) — French transport planes poured a steady stream of troops and war material into the Laotian royal seat of Lu- aneprabang today as Comimmist- ied Vietminh forces drove toward the city. The best estimates are that the invaders are four or five days away. French and Laotian troops dug trenches and constructed barbed wire entanglements and other fortifications around the town. The 6,000 residents remained calm and lacs' aging king,' Sisavang Vong, and his son, Crown Prince Savang, announced they would stay in their capital. French fighter bombers yesterday flew LD sorties, heavily attacking enemy troops northeast of Luangpra- bagn and around the Plaine des Javres. the strongly defended French-Laotian position .in the heart of Laos. A Vietminh victory at Luangpra- bang, and. at the, administrative capital of Vientiane, further south, would bring the Red-led forces to the borders of Cambodia and Thailand. Cambodia, Laos and Viet Nam make up the three states of Indochina. A total of 313 persons returned opinion poll ballots which have been printed for the past two weeks in the Courier News. Of this total, 160 — a majority — voted in favor of new sewfirs. While 130 ui 'Uu.v.s supv^.U lit: bond issue plan, 36 voted for some' other financing method. Opposed to sewer improvements of any kind were 147 persons. Although this 147 figure is not a majority, it must be counted as opposition to the bond plan as well as the 36 wanting some other method of financing. This makes a total of 183 opposed to the re- enue bond method. Percentagewise, this is the picture: A total of 53 per cent of the poll participants favor new sewers — 41.5 per cent supporting the buim plan and 11.5 per cent wanting some other financing method. Forty-seven per cent are flatly opposed to new sewers. This plus the 11.5 per cent favoring some other finance plan makes a total of 58,5 per cent in effect opposing the bond method. Objections Are- Economic Primary objections to new sewers appear to be economic. Specifically, many objected to installing new sewers because they participated in sewer dit- tricts which are now paid out. They said they did not think it was fair to require them to pay for sewers which would also benefit presently unsewere'd areas. Tidelands Test Vote Due in Senate Today By TEX EASLEY WASHINGTON CAP) — Senate Republican Leader Taft, declaring "filibusterers are weakening," aimed today for a test vote in the wordy battle over ownership of the oil-rich submerged coastal lands. — _ —. 4 Tng Ohio .legislator said he looked for a clearcut show of strength late .today on ,311 amendment by.Sen. Andersbn (D-NM)'; an advocate of federal control of the controversial areas. But Taft said he was "not awfully optimistic" about setting up a date for a final vote on the House- approved bill which has been a storm center of Senate debate since April 1. Anderson's amendment would knock out the bill's provision to establish state title to the offshore lands within the states' historic MalriaSpray Program Is Set Operations Slated To Start in North Missco About May 4 For this reason, several voted ;ainst the bond isuse plan but said they would support some other method of financing which took into consideration previous sewer district participation. i .__ Many, however, voted against 491 any sewer improvements for this Mississippi County Health Unit's house spray program Is scheduled to get started this week, according to W. R. Summerville, county's vector control supervisor. This is the eighth consecutive year for the program in the county. Present plans, Mr. Summerville said, call for the spraying teams to operate from Blytheville, Manila, Osceola, Wilson and Dyess. The malaria control unit will begin operations in the northern half of the county around May 4 and is due to start in south Mississippi County about two weeks later. Mr. Summerville urged all persons who want the service to take advantage of it on first contact by his office. The non-profit program financed jointly through fees paid by the individual householders, the county, the State Board of Health and the U. S. Public Health Service. A number of letters and comments accompanied the ballots. Those which were signed have been printed as letters to the edi- Sec SEWERS on Page 12 U.N. to Deliver are POWs I To Communists Body of Missing Girl Is Located In River Below West Memphis The body of Odie Earlene Tedder, 19, missing for more than three weeks, was found in the Mississippi River yesterday about 10 miles south of West Memphis. Clothed In blue jeans and a striped T-shirt, the body was Identified last night by members of the girl's family and again this morning by Miss Earlene Stroude, who roomed with Miss Tedder in Osceola. The body was discovered floating in the River near Ike's Landing south of West Memphis about, 2 p.m. yesterday by a river lighttender. Crittenden County Sheriff Cecil Goodwin and Coroner T. H. McGough were notified and the body was recovered at 3 p.m. .She was tentatively Identified as Miss Tedder at that time from description of Mississippi County officiate, but positive identification was not known until last night when the girl's father, Cesco Tedder, and sister. Miss Wanda Tedder, both of Blytheville, identified her. Left Suicide Note The horty bore no marks of violence, Crittenden County officials said. Coroner McGough estimated that the body had sunk April 5. Miss Tedder, whose name previously had been reported as Tet-' ter, disappeared from Osceola April 4, after leaving a note to, her boyfriend declaring that she was going to commit suicide by jumping in the river. Born in Kelser, Miss Tedder had lived most of her life in Blythevllle. She went to Osceola about two months ago and was working in a cafe there as a waitress. Funeral services are to be conducted at 11 a.m. tomorrow with graveside rites at Dogwood Cemetery. Cobb Funeral Home Is In charge. In addition to her father and sister, Wanda, Miss Tedder Is survived by two other sisters. Mrs. Jesse Lucy of Inglewood, Colo., and Mary Jo Tedder of Blythevllle; and one brother, Billy Joe Tedder of Blythe- villo, ' PANMUNJOM, Korea W) — The United Nations Command said today it would deliver 491 North Korean sick and wounded prisoners here tomorrow. These include 31 litter cases. The 491 will raise the number of disabled prisoners returned to the Communists to about 4,500. The Communists stopped delivering Allied prisoners Sunday, after reaching a total of 684. Drunk Driving Brings $100 Fine A charge of driving while intoxicated against Pete Mitchell brought a plea of guilty in Municipal Court today. He was fined $100 and costs and sentenced to one day in jail. John Allen forfeited bond of ' n , S68.25 for carrying a pistol as a K&U weapon ar.d Shelby McAdams for-' boundaries. It would substitute provisions to give the federal government title to the lands, with 37y 2 per cent of revenues from offshore developments in the marginal sea going to the coastal states. Backers of federal control, while conceding they are outnumbered 2-1 by senators favoring state control, have held the floor in long speeches which they contend are designed, not as filibusters, but to "educate the public." Leng-thy Sessions Threatened Taft has threatened around-the- clock meetings as routine beginning tomorrow, unless there is early agreement on a date for final voting. He said he might move to keep the Senate in session next Sunday. Once the Anderson amendment is disposed of, Taft said yesterday, he will call for votes on amendments by Senators Hill (D-Ala) nd Malone (R-Nev). Hill's proposal would go a step beyond Anderson's by providing that federal royalties from oil in the submerged lands be set aside for aid to schools. M a 1 o n e ' B amendment would give the states title to mineral rights on most federal public lands within their boundaries. . Opponents of state ownership had a strategy caucus scheduled today, but Hill said he doubted they would be willing to quit talk- Ing right away. Taft said yesterday there was no press of legislation for the next two weeks but he felt the bill's opponents were "rather Inclined to be reasonable" about ending the debate. Anderson said on an NBC television show last night he thinks the state ownership bill will be passed within the next two weeks. But he predicted the Supreme Court would upset such a law, holding Congress has no right tp give away title to the lands. felted $10' oond for speeding. In Saturday's session of court, three Negroes were charged with assault with a deadly weapon. All I three Jack Quails. Leroy Harris and Jodie Nixon, were charged with firing at one another with pistols following an argument. Two of the Negroes releived minor Injuries. Quails pleaded guilty to the charge and both Harris and Nixon pleaded not guilty. The cases were continued to tomorrow. Leon Williamson forfeited bond of (10 for speeding. Flee to West BERLIN f/P)—Nearly four companies of East Germany's militarized police force have fled to West Berlin this y(.:ir. West Berlin police headquarters announced today. Last week 1)5 people's policemen asked for asylum here, the highest weekly figure recorded this year. The Lotal number of deserters from the Communist force registered as refugee! since Ja .1 now IB 1,135. present Bar Association of Arkansas, which is a voluntary organization. Fee Now $1 Presently the only compulsory fee is $1 which all lawyers actively engaged in practice must pay annually to ithe registry of the Supreme Court for support of the Bar Rules Committee. The Committee investigates allegations of unethical practice. The prevailing opinion, written by Associate Justice George Rose Smith, said that of 1,129 active lawyers to whom the petition for integration was presented, 803 signed. Of the 326 who didn't sign only 61 "affirmatively" offered objections, Smith said. He added that at the Court's direction letters were sent to all 2,371 licensed attorneys and the relatively light response showed 592 for integration and 455 opposed. Smith wrote that "we do not think it unreasonable to require every attorney' to assume at least a minimum share of collective responsibility." Smith commented that details still must be worked out and asked that any interested attorneys submit recommendations by Oct, 1 so the integration may be completed by the beginning of next year. Long Sought Certain groups in the Bar Association of Arkansas long have sought a compulsory integration. A committee from the Association filed the petitions that were acted on today. The order was issued under authority of Amendment 28 to the state Constitution which permits the Supreme Court to lay down rules for conduct of lawyers, Chief Justice Griffin Smith wrote a strong dissent in which he said that "under today's decree the decree the majority of this court saying or clearly implying that person heretofore trusted with certificate of enrollment may continue to practice law unintegra- Led." "Rules must be made, a superintending board or instrumentality of control established, dues in whatever sum thought appropriate will have to be paid, a finance secretariat will no doubt be created—all under pcnality of disbarment for obstinate independence." A separate dissent was written by Associated Justice Ed McFad- dfn who declared that "under the the majority is accomplishing a sugar coated words 'integration 1 judicial regimentation of the legal profession." Reds' Exchange Offer Turned Down by Allies By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM, Korea, April 27 (AP) — The new Korean armistice talks deadlocked again today as the U.N. Command flatly rejected a Red prisoner exchange proposal which said offers only return to Communist rule or "endless captivity" for Reds who refuse to go home. In their second meeting since •£- Vonderbilf Choir To Appear Here Vanderhilt University's 40-member choir under the direction c-f Cyrus Daniel comes to Blytheville tomorrow night under joint sponsorship of local Vanderbilt alumni and Chapter N of PEO. Celebrating Its 25th anniversary, the choir appears in the city while on n four-clay tour. [t will be heard at Blytheville High School auditorium in a concert featuring light music beginning at 8 p.m. Proceed!; will go to Chapter N's college scholarship fund which is to be awarded to a Blytheville girl. Oct. 8, both Allied and Communist delegates stood pat on their own plans for settling the exchange problem and bringing a truce in Korea. Another session was scheduled for 11 a. m. tomorrow. The truce talks were broken off Oct. 8 by the U. N. Command when it refused to force any prisoner to go home against his will. The Reds demanded all prisoners back, including some 50,000 Chinese and North Koreans who have said they won't go home. Although the Allies threatened to call off the talks again unless the Reds show willingness to negotiate constructively, Lt. Gen. William K, Harrison, senior Allied delegate, said it's "far too early" to think about such a move. Meanwhile, the Panmunjom gate to freedom for sick and wounded Allied prisoners stood closed by the Reds. The Communists said Sunday's shipment of 84 disabled Allied prisoners ended their delivery. In seven days they turned back C84— 140 Americans, 470 South Korean men and one woman, and 64 disabled prisoners from other nations. They had promised 605, There Are More However, a U. N. spokesman Inside Today's . Courier News . . . Phillies riding high with eight-game winning streak. . . Baseball,results . . . Sports . , . Page 8. . . Arkansas news briefs . , . Page 9. . . . . Society news . . . Page 4. .. .. . markets . . . Page 13 ... said "considerably more" sick and wounded Reds would be returned than the 5,800 originally pledged, but he did not give any figure. The transfer of Communists continued, at its 500-a-day rate. In Tokyo, a U. N. spokesman said the first Americans released, would be flown to the U. S. "this week for sure and probably within the next couple of days." He did not give a specific date or number. At Monday's 52-minute armistice meeting, each side suggested that the other take another careful look at its proposal. Harrison told newsmen, "In this short time we have no real basis for assuming: the Communists will See TRUCE on Page 12 From MlGs fo Missions — Sabre Jet 'Bombers' Support Ground Action SEOUL (AP) — Deadly American Sabre jets flew dive bombing missions in close support of Allied ground forces today for the first time in the 34-month-old Korean war, The Sabres—until recently used Administration Outlines New Security Plan WASHINGTON (AP> — The administration will put into effect May 27 its new security program designed to keep out of federal jnns (.hose whom President Eisenhower calls "the disloyal and the dangerous.' ' Details of the plan were outlined at a White House news conference today by Atty. Gen. Browne!!, a few hours after they had been discussed at a regular Monday conference of GOP legislative leaders with the President. The program replaces the old loyalty-security tests of the Truman administration and puts the test entirely on security. But Brownell explained that the new and stringent security test criteria are broad enough to include loyalty. It will be applied to sensitive positions in all agencies as well as to the few departments covered under the former Truman program. The program ws set forth in a lengthy executive order signed by President Eisenhower. It sets up procedures for hearings and for ultimate appeals to the heads of the various federal, departments and agencies. I The heads of the agencies would ' he the court of last resort, instead • of the Civil Service Loyalty Review i board as under the Truman administration program. Erupting Japanese Volcano Kills Four School Children By FKED SAITO TOKYO —Aso Volcano erupted thunderously today, killing at least six of 4 school children peering Into its depths. Some unofficial death estimates ran as high as 10. One hundred children were reported injured in Aso'a first eruption in 20 years. The youngsters were on an excursion Inside the 15-mile-wide great crater of 5,267-foot Mt. Aso on Kyushu, Japan's southernmost Island. They were looking Into one of five volcanic peaks Inside the gaping crater when it awakened with a smoking rorir, blasting rocks wildly into the air. Some were the size of a man's head. The children lied in terror. The full crntcr contains 11 farm villages with nearly 60,000 people, but they were not considered in danger. The newspaper Nishi Nippon said i the blast came from 4,339-foot Naka Dake Crater, one of the fivf peaks. Rocks shot through grey smoke to almost 1,000 feet and then rained back to earth for 600 yards around. The great, crater is 24,500 acres wide, and contains two railroads and nine stations. Full eruption of the entire crater o.pparently took place In prc-his- torlc days, and only minor eruptions In some of the five peaks are recorded in Japanese annals. The last big eruption of Mt. Aso took place In 1933. It showered rocks and nshcs practically on all of the 16,000-square mile island of Kyushu At that time, the observatory Issued an alarm and the eruption caused no casualties. Since then, Aso has been quiet With smoke end vapor coming out of small new craters, and only a few small eruptions, only for air battle with Red Mia jets—pounded Communist troops and positions. Twelve Sabres, flown by the 18th Fighter-Bomber Wing, made tha strike, the Fifth Air Force said. It did not locate the targets. Twenty-four U. s. Marine Panther jet fighter-bombers blasted an ammunition factory at Clnnampo with SO tons of bombs while Corsairs hit a weapons and storage area at Haeju. On the Eastern Front, U. S. 45th Divisinn infantrymen hurled back a pre-tlawn attack of 150 North Koreans close to the main Allied line on the Eastern Front. The U. S. troops x x x second graf. 26 Reds Killed The U. s. troops counted 23 Reds killed or wounded in the 35- mlnute company-size attack near the Punchbowl on the Eastern Front. Four smaller probes also were stopped along the 155-mile battle front, including one against Allied listening posts near the Panmun- jom truce site. In the air, U. S. Fifth Air Force planes dive-bombed 250,000 pounds of high explosives into Communist troop and supply concentrations across Central North Korea. Screening Sabre jets damaged one Red MIG, the Fifth Air Force reported. Credit for the damaged MIG went to Capt. Dean A, Pogreba of Three Forks, Mont. Supply Area Hit Thirteen Superforts hurled 130 tons of bombs at a 15-acre Communist supply area Sunday night near Sariwon, on North Korea's west coast. NiRht flying B26 bombers blasted an airfield at Ongjong above the Western Front and destroyed 43 supply trucks. Weather ARKANSAS—Generally fair and a little warmer lhis afternoon and tonight; Tuesday partly cloudy and a little warmer with scattered thundershowers west portion late Tuesday. MISSOURI — Generally fair and warmer tonight and Tuesday; southerly winds 25-35 m.p.h. tties- dny; low tonight 40s northeast to 50s southwest; high Tuesday in ths 80s. Maximum Saturday—78. Minimum yesterday—12. Minimum this morninu—fit). Maximum yesterday—-10. .Sunrise tomorrow—5:11. j Sunset today—6:41, Precip. 48 hours to 7 n.m,—.nonft. Prorlp. since Jfin. 1—19,40, Mtwn temperature (midway between high nnd low)—50. Normal nnd mean for April—01. This Dale Last Year Minimum this morning;—42, Mnxlrmtm yesterday—78. rreclp. Jan. 1 to date—20.33.
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