The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on November 23, 1955 · Page 9
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 9

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Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, November 23, 1955
Page:
Page 9
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WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1955 8LYTHEVILLE (ARK.V COURIER NEWS PAGE NTNB Doing Something About The Weather Airline pilots and aviation weather expert check hurricane on map at Washington airport. L. to R.: Capt. Paul Koehn; Marvin Hunter,aviation forecasting supervisor; Capt. Paul Means. W ill it rain or snow? Will it blow hard or be calm? Will the sun shine or will it be cloudy? Nearly every person pops such questions every day. The U.S. Weather Bureau dutifully tries to answer them. The Bureau, a round-the-clock, eyes-on-the-sky outfit (4259 em- ployes, 45 stations, 300 full-time offices and 3000 voluntary observers) has been the weather answer-man for more than 85 years. Its heart and hub in Washington, D. C., is pictured here. Besides its familiar daily weather forecasts, the Bureau distributes also storm warnings, river and flood forecasts. Reports from more than 600 different places in the United States are transmitted by teleprinter circuits so that all Bureau offices can use them. Weather maps prepared from the reports serve atmostoffices as the principal means of making forecasts. Weather forecasts serve many people in many ways. Farmers use them in planning their planting and harvesting operations. Pilots need to know the amount and height of clouds, the visibility, and the winds. Shippers of perishable products need the forecast to protect their goods. Sea captains use forecasts to steer clear of dangerous storms. The public is interested at all Jimes. Research is carried on continuously to improve the accuracy of weather forecasts. Research workers are trying to find more complete answers to such questions as how clouds form and grow, what effect electricity has on rain and snow, and whether rainfall can be increased by use of artificial nucleating substances. Experimental forecasts for a month in advance are now being issued and research is underway to see if accurate seasonal forecasts can be made. Use of electronic computers in weather forecasting is also being studied. Observer Harold Choate at Silver Hill, Md., sends up balloon which carries recording instruments and radio that transmits data. Balloon la tracked by radar. Bureau's newest infra-red absorption hydrometer which will enable weathermen of the future to determine and record humidity to extremely accurate degree, is viewed by scientists, left to right. W.R. Tickstun, Norman Foster and Rex Wood, Marvin Hunter, supervisor of aviation forecasting at Washington airport, checks radar scope for local storms. Radar is widely used by weathermen. Technical assistant Clarence Woollum climbs instrument tower at Washington airport to make periodic check of wind velocity and direction instruments. Observer Edward Ison sends out telautograph report M locaJ aviation observation*. Report U trau- * » m f ~ 4 •< /T-U. ^ Experts prepare surface weather map of U.S.,-which is distributed four times daily by Bureau's central office In Washington, Map will be transmitted by facsimile machine to wire points all over U.S. and Canada. Teleprinters, running continuously, record weather data from all over the world. From this data weather map* and forecasts are made. Operation Is staffed by Weather Bureau, Air Force and Navy personnel. TU* Wot*'. Plot*. ftM |y M> M

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