BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF HORTHEA8T ARKANSAi AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI-NO. 206 Blythevllle Courier Blythevilta Daily New» Mississippi Valley Ltader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MARCH 12, 1956 FOURTEEN PAGES Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Jeers Greet Dulles In Indonesia Reds Shout Anti-SEATO Slogans - By EDWARD W. TAN JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) — A dozen young Commit- nists shrilled anti-SEATO slo gans to greet Secretary of State Dulles when he landed here today. But most of Indonesia's 80 million people appeared indifferent to the American diplomat's visit. During his 24-hour stopover Dulles planned to confer with President Soekarno. His program does not include a visit with Premier- designate All Sastroamidjojo. Sastroamldjojo, former ambassador to Washington, headed a pro-Communist government for two years until he was ousted last July. Soekarno called on him to form a new cabinet after last fall's first popular election in which the strength in Parliament. U Arrested Eleven jeering youths and one girl were arrested by police when they began demonstrating as Dul- Jw stepped out of his plane. As the secretary's automobile pulled away from the airport, one ol several hundred spectators burled a piece of purple paper at it. A policeman who threatened the paper thrower with his gun tutt was restrained by a. superior officer. Police said later the paper carried the slogan "Destroy BEATO." , A foreign Office spokesman «aid Communist workers had threatened yesterday to stage a demonstration on Dulles' arrival. He said the girl arrested admitted (he ivas a member of the Indonesian Qerwani, a Communist nationalist organization. Ignored ghonten Dulles gave no sign of hearing the, slogan shouters as.he walked Into the airport and was f greeted by outgoing Foreign Minister Anak Agung Gde Agung. Dulles said he looked forward to 'exchanging views""*T[h Soekar- no and other Indonesian leaders. "I share the gratification of democratic nations at the successful completion of tree and orderly elections" in Indonesia, he said in a brief radio talk.' The secretary flew here from Ceylon, where he told newsmen collective security pacts are as vital to countries as police and fire departments are to communities. Shotgun Alarm ' DALLAS lift—Glen Robert James rigged up a shotgun linked to the back door of his shoe shop* and loaded the gun with blanks. Yesterday he found the door open, the gun discharged and widely spaced footprints heading away from the shop. Nothing was missing but the would-be burglar. WORK AT SEWER PLANT SITE — First building nearly completed at the west end site of the new sewer treatment plant is this caretaker's house. Work is progressing on the treatment plant itself. Footings on another building have been poured by Ben White and Sons, who hold contract for job. (Courier News Photo) If Demos Push Integration: Several Dixie Solons Hint of Third Party By JACK BELL • WASHINGTON (AP) — Several Southern senators held open today the possibility of a third party movement if the Democratic National Convention should commit the party firmly in favor of school integration. Sen. Strom Thurmond (D-SC), who led the Democratic States Rights party which captured four Dixie states, in 1948, said he knows of no third party move at this time. . ^— ; ——* "But I have enlisted with the Supports on Rice Are Up for Test By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON : WASHINGTON (AP) — A rigid'domestic support plan for rice faces a test today in the Senate^whiqh has rejected higher supports'for wlieaT,"cdtton, corn and peanuts. Sen. Ellender CD-La), floor manager for the farm bill, said he hopes to have it passed tomorrow night "even if we have to stay here until midnight."' Republican Leader Knowiand of California set his sights on final action Wednesday. The Senate Agriculture Committee, which Ellender heads, proposed a trial of the two-price plan for rice. Under this,, rice grown for domestic use would be eligible for price support at 90 per cent of parity, while the excess for overseas shipment would be sold without support at world market prices. Parity is a price determined under farm law to be fair to farmers in relation to their costs. Rice, like other basic crops, is now supported under a flexible scale which rises when more is needed and drops when a surplus is on hand. The Senate voted last week to retain the flexible system on wheat, cotton, corn and peanuts. The House voted 208-501 last year to return to a 90 per cent level for two years. The two houses must agree before any new farm bill can become law. Senate supporters of the higher, rigid support levels pinned their hopes on a House-Senate compromise committee which Sen. Young (R-ND) said may agree on at least a one-year rigid support program. Rep. Cooley (D-NC), who .will head the .House conferees, said, "The House will stand by the House vote until the last minute. I don't have any idea of doing anything other than standing pat." New Hampshire Gets Ready For Primary Vote Tomorrow By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS '•• An exchange of pot shots between the rival camps of Adlai Stevenson and Sen. Estes Kefauver has added new heat to the. windUp Of New Hampshire's Democratic presidential primary camP^gn^ feoth . gs _ n ^^ Hampshir e w m ballot tomorrow. President Eisenhower seems assured of a decisive victory in the Republican contest, so interest centers on the Kefauver-Stevenson competition for Democratic convention delegates. Stevenson supporters yesterday put out a statement claiming Kefauver is "a straw candidate re'ceivir.T money from the governor of a large .state" in an effort to torpedo Stevenson's candidacy. The statement did not identify the governor. Kefauver, stopping in Boston e.n Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS — Mostly cloudy with occasional rain snd a few thundershowers this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday, some freezing .rain tonight, colder tonight. High this afternoon, mid to high 40s; low tonight, mid 20s to low Ms. . MISSOURI — Decreasing cloudiness this afternoon with few snow flurries northeast early afternoon; Colder southeast portion; generally fair tonight and Tuesday; warmer north tonight; colder southeast; warmer over state Tuesday; low tonight near 16 extreme northwest to SO, southeast; high Tuesday lower 4<j» extreme northwest to near 40 southeast. i Mulnum s«turd«y— «7. Minimum Sund«y— M. • Minimum thu mornlni-37. v Mutaum 'ywurtfay— 41.. .' fuhrUt tomonw— «:1«. MMB ttmperatur*— 4». ,' mdplUtton M hour. (T e.m. to 7 W, 1 10 4.U-13.W. ihli nomlM-1*. JM. 1 »• 4at»-7.l». route to New Hampshire for a final round of campaigning, said last night: "We've received mighty little money from anybody, and no governor has given or offered us any contribution." Kefauver Unopposed Kefauver is unopposed in the presidential preference section of the primary and Stevenson has not campaigned in the state. Both men are represented on the ballot by full 12-member delegate slates, however. Single delegate candidates are in the Democratic race as favoring Governors Averell Hnrriman of New York and G. Mennen Williams of Michigan. On the Republican side, seven delegate candidates favorable to Cen. Knowiand of California are running against Eisenhower backers. The President is unopposed In the preference poll. The much-discussed question of who will be Elsenhower's November running mate popped up yesterday in ft New York radio-TV interview of Gov. Christian A. Herter of Massachusetts. No Effort Herter said he Is "making absolutely no. effort" to gel second place on the GOP ticket but would take the assignment If El- senhower , and the party convention "wanted me." The governor if Vice President Nixon waa nominated for a second term. Something less thun solid support for Nixon was shown Saturday In an Associated press poll of It of Uw U protective OOP convention delegates In New Jersey, HIM of th* ariaaUaUoo-backed delegate candidates favored Nixon while 10 were either undecided or lukewarm toward him. All 19 can- •didates were for Eisenhower. Among the democrats, there were indications that a Texas "favorite son" move for Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson might spread and give him presidential support from Southern states. Sen. Russell (D-Ga) said yesterday that if Johnson wants to run "I will support him 100 per cent." Sen. Thurmond (D-SC), who headed a States Rights ticket that opposed national Democratic candidates in 1948, commented See PRIMARY on Page 7 Four Injured When School Bus, Car Hit Four persons were injured early this morning when their automobile struck a school bus on Highway 135, about five miles south of Lepaato. Children in the bus were not. Injured. Occupants of the car, R. V. Qaines the driver, OUIe Gaines, Pearl Alexander and Herman Alexander, were given tint-aid treatment In Lepanto, then brought to Blythevllle Hoipltal' lor emergency treatment.. . , . .-..,.. The hwpltal about noontime Mid the seriousneai of their condition «UU cannot be dttermlnled. All are from Half Moon, and were en route to Memphl*. South Carolina Democratic -party and if any dispute arises with the national party organization, I will be with the South Carolina Democratic party," he said. Another Southern senator predicted Dixie delegates will walk out of the convention if it endorses the use of force to bring about school integration. Sen. Russell (D-GA) voiced the opinion .that what happens in the .way: of : any-, third party, move "will depend on what happens at ~the •-• convention;' wnW : tind of a platform it writes and what rcan- didate it nominates." j • : "Manifesto" Signed ^Southern legislators set forth their views on the integration question yesterday in a "manifesto" signed by 19 senators and 17 House members from 11 states. All but two—Representatives Poff and Broyhill of Virginia—were Democrats. The 11 states have 22 senators and 105 representatives. The statement pledged to exercise "all lawful means" to bring about a reversal of the 1954 decision by the Supreme Court outlawing segregated public schools No specific courses of action were spelled out. Statement to Congress Sen. George (D-Ga) and Rep. Howard W. Smith (D-Va) arranged to read the statement today in the Senate and House. Among other things, it declared the Supreme Court's integration decision to* be "a clear abuse of judicial power." It said the justices used "naked judicial power and substituted their personal political and social idea for the established law of the land," and continued: "This unwarranted exercise of power by the court, contrary to the Constitution, is- creating chaos and confusion in the states principally affected. It is destroying the amicable relations between the white and Negro races that have been created through 90 years of patient effort by the good people of both races. It has planted , hatred and suspicion where there has been heretofore friendship and understanding. "Revolutionary Changes" "Without regard to the consent of the governed, outside agitators are threatening immediate and revolutionary changes in our public school systems. If done, this is certain to destroy the system of public education in some of the states." Of the 22 senators from the 11 states represented, 3 did not sign the manifesto—Senators Kefauver (D-Tenn), Gore (D-Tenn) and Lyndon B. Johnson (D-Tex). "I just don't agree with it," Ke- fayuer said. Gore declined comment. Johnson, the Senate's Democratic leader, said he understood he wasn't invited to join because the statement's sponsors didn't want It "construed as an attempt to formulate senatorial or Democratic party policy." EiohtMen File In Pemiscor CARUTHEBSVILLE r- Seven Democrats and .one Republican have filed for primary elections for county offices In Pemlscot County. The primaries will be held In August. Isaac McKay, the Republican, has filed for assessor. Democrats who have filed are D. A. Calient, Steele, and Charles W. Ptoley, Haytl, state representative; Cbye- Coker, Oaruthersvllle, aneuor; Clyde Orton, Caruthers- vlUe, and Johnny Piillam, Haytt, sheriff! Jimmy Oeburn, Warden, and John German, Haytl, coroner, Alabama U. Expels One For Riots Three Others Are Suspended By Trustees TUSCALOOSA, Ala. (AP) — University of Alabama trustees taSsy~~gxp~ell5d one Student, suspended three others and approved lesser punishment for 21 more in disciplinary action arising from student rioting against Autherine Lucy, the school's first Negro student. Leonard Wilson, 20-year-old Selrna, Ala, sophomore was expelled. Miss Lucy was excluded from classes after rioting Feb. 6. She was expelled Feb. 29 after unproved chp. es that university officials were in conspiracy with the mobs. For Attacks Wilson, who addressed student demonstrations the nights of Feb. 3 and 4, was called from class today and told of his expulsion. A statement from the trustees said Wilson was , thrown out because of his part in student rioting and also because of "unwarranted and outrageous public attacks" on Dr. Oliver C. Carmichael, university president, and other officials. Wilson called for a general housecleaning at the university in an address before a White Citizens Council rally In Birmingham last Tuesday. 3 Withdrawn The trustees also announced that three students under investigation to the student rioting had since withdrawn from school and would not be re-admitted unless ; y they were cleared of charges against them. ;" Wilson's name was the only one given in a statement by John A. Caddell, Decatur, Ala., trustee. Wilson has spoken at several pro- segregation White Citizens Council meetings. He called for a top- to-bottom house cleaning at the university. Wilson said last Tuesday he had heard rurgors he would be expelled, arid^chaJlenged school officials to throw him but. He; denied having caused any violence. Miss Lucy was barred from the campus for safety reasons and subsequently expelled her for having made unproved charges' against university authorities. ''-. Union Releases Contract Details Raises Range From .17 to 30 Cents Per Hour Some 300 employes of Rice-Stix garment factory here have received wage increases which range from 17.5 cents to 30 cents per hour as a result of a supplement to the contract which previously existed between the company and the union. Details of the contract were released this week by members of Local 598, Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. Other feal ~res of the supplement include overtime pay for all Saturday hours and pay for six holidays regardless ol when they fall. Employes and their dependents now are covered by Amalgamated Insurance which includes life, hospitalization and surgery 'Coverage and $20 per week sick benefits. Other Features Here are other features of the overall contract: Double time for work performed on the seventh consecutive day of any week, including Saturday and holidays. Four hours pay at average earning rate for reporting for work. Pay for delay time in excess of five minutes and for all hours over two per week for machine breakage. Production standards are set for the normal, experienced employe. If the standard is questioned, the company is to furnish full facts on the rate. Persons assigned to new jobs continue to receive pay at their four weeks' average for a period to be mutually agreed on. Vacation pay is figured, at 2, 3 See LABOR on Page 7 Business Area Drive Opened By Red Cross Business district solicitations for the Red Cross fund drive began today with a kick-off meeting at Arkansas-Missouri Power Co. J. L. Westbrook and H. L. Halsell are heading the two main divisions of downtown Blythevllle. Earl Johnton, Charlei Brogdon, Joe Freeman and Vonnt Moore are handling solicitation! In outlying areas. Ira Young li oolored division chairman, 0. C. Cte*chln la general chairman for the city campaign, General Strike Spreads Over Cyprus; Greece Bans Mass Meetings By L. S. CHAKALES NICOSIA, Cyprus (AP) — A spontaneous general strike spread like wildfire throughout Cyprus today, virtually paralyzing all business on this British colony island in the eastern Mediterranean. Shops, banks and schools were closed in protest against Britain's exile of Archbishop Makarios, leader of the union-with-Greece movement. No specific call was made 'by any organization for the general strike. Many of the shops had been closed since Saturday. British troops wielding batons dispersed a small crowd outside the Phaneromeni church in Nicosia after the crowd had stoned a patrol car. The British threw a cordon of soldiers around the church. Another group of 200 demonstrators was dispersed without incident near Metaxas Square. British troops patrolled the streets of this tense capital. Called For Today In Athens, the Greek government banned mass meetings called for today in protest against the deportation of Archbishop Makarios to a remote Indian Ocean island. Greek trade union leaders called for a general strike in Greece against what .they termed "the barbarous acts of the British in Cyprus." A dispatch from Nairobi, Kenya colony, said Archbishop Makarios and three Greek Orthodox priests deported with him are on the way to the Seychelles Islands, 700 miles northeast of Madagascar, aboard the British frigate Loch Fada. They were reported transferred to the figate after a plane flight to US Asked to Step In ATHENS, Greece (AP) — Premier Constantine Karamanlis called on the United States today to "intervene in a decisive way" in the dispute between Britain and Greece over Cyprus. He told a group of visiting American publishers: "If the united States, as leader of the free world, fails to use its tremendous moral and material forces to discipline the free world to the principles of justice and freedom, the future of the free world should be a matter of concern. "Greece is under » Communist threat and is in danger of being cut off from the Western world. "Russia will make every effort to exploit the situation at the Western world's expense. "The West is handling the Cyprus issue as if it is buttering Russia's toast." Karamanlis said communism is gaining ground in Greece, partly because of the Greek people's bitterness over Britain's Cyprus policy. the pdrt of Mombasa. At Mahe, in the Seychelles, the Legislative Council rushed through a bill suspending the habeas corpus act and providing a three- month Jail term for anyone found communicating with detained per- pus act and providing a three- month jail term lor anyone found communicating with detained persons. The majority of the Council members are appointed by the British governor. The Greek Ministry of Interior in banning demonstrations reacted speedily to warnings by the sponsor, Archbishop Spyridon of Athens, that the pass meetings might degenerate into violent rioting. Squads of police and steel-helmeted troops guarded the British, U.S. and Turkish embassies in See CYPRUS on Page 7 Assembly Expected to Okay Strong Action in Algeria By GODFREY ANDERSON . PARIS (AP) — Premier Guy Mullet's de mand for special powers to handle the Arab nationalist revolt in Algeria appeared certain to win National Assembly approval today. . The assembly met shortly after 3 p.m. to hear statements by the leaders of the various political groups and then go through a series of four votes of confidence on the issue. On the basis of statements made » • thus far, the premier seemed certain to obtain a wide majority of those present and , voting, which will suffice. The only question was whether he will muster a majority of all the 573 members when the tests come late in the day. The Communists and the followers of Pierre Poujade, rightwing anil-tax leader, were expected to abstain. Between them, these groups control about 200 seats. Mollet, returning from week-end talks with Prime Minister Eden, expressed France's thanks for British support of French policy and actions in North Africa. He told the Foreign Press Assn. in a luncheon speech Britain and France now understand now better than ever that they must have a common policy toward the middle east. 200 Rebels Killed The gravity of the Algerian situation was pointed up by Arab outbreaks across a widespread area of the North African territory over the weekend. French authorities counted nearly 200 rebels killed. Street fighting even spilled into a suburb of Algiers, which rarely has been hit by nationalist violence. Assembly approval of Mollet's bid for emergency powers was expected to bring within hours a series of decrees aimed at restoring order in Algeria. The authorization requested by the government would give Robert Lacoste, resident Cabinet minister for Algiers, power to take "all exceptional measures required by circumstances to re-establish order, protect persons and property and safeguard the territory." Lncoste's first moves were ex-* pected to include: 1. Proclamation of a state of siege in many areas. 2. Formation of specially promoted areas for Europeans who live in constant danger of terrorist attacks. 3. Reorganization of the police and some other government services. Lacked Punch France up to now has lacked the punch to knock out the 16-month- old Arab rebellion. Despite the mounting tension, See ALGERIA on Page 1 USS Forrestal to Join M editerranearr^leet By ELTON C. FAY AP Military Affairs Reporter ABOARD USS FORRESTAL, Guantanamo, Cuba (AP) — The United States will send this super aircraft carrier, the most powerful vessel of its fleet, to bolster American naval forces in the Mediterranean next January. Tliis was disclosed by ship of- systems which are occurring in fleers today as newsmen arrived the Navy today are indicated by the presence in Guantanamo right now of four of the Navy's newest ships—the Boston, world's first O uided missile cruiser; the For- to witness the first public demonstration of the 70,000-ton carrier's jet plane operations. At anchor at Guantanamo last night were no less than 27 warships. Adm Arleigh Burke, chief of naval operations, took note of this in telling Navy personnel here: Changes Cited "The vast changes in weapons Dell to Hear Great Britain College Dean Miss Evelyn Hurley, a Fulbright exchange professor from England, will speak to members arid guests of Dell's PTA Wednesday afternoon -.1 3 o'clock in the Dell High School auditorium. Miss Hurley Js a dean at North Riding College, Scarborough, a college o£ Leeds. University. She is teaching classes in psychology at Arkansas State as a part of the Fulbright program. In a letter to Dell PTA officers, she said she will not attempt to compare U. S. and British educational policies, but will attempt to explain the English system in her talk at Dell. She said she has been in this country only four months and does not feel she knows enough about American schools to make a comparison. Margaret Truman to Wed INDEPENDENCE, Mo., March 12 (/P) — Former President and Mrs. Harry S. Trumnn today announced the engagement of th#ir daughter, Mary Margaret, to Clifton Daniel Jr., assistant to the foreign news editor of the New York Times. Mr. Truman, who made the announcement for himself and Mrs. Truman at a press conference, said the wedding would be held In Independence in April. (See Related Story on Pare 3) Asked by a newsman when he and Mrs. Truman first received word from their daughter about the engagement, Truman said: "That Is something you. will have to talk to them about." Both Miss Truman and Daniel spent the weekend at Zebulon, N. C., visiting hte parenu, Mr. and Mrs. E, 0. Daniel Sr. restal, newest, largest and most modern aircraft carrier; the Northampton, newest and finest command and communications ship; and the Forrest Sherman, the first of the new class of destroyer." By November In addition to the fighting ships named by Burke, who came to Guantanamo from the Joint Chiefs of Staff conference in Puerto Rico, vessels here also include the 27,000- ton carrier Antietam; 5 45,000-ton battleships—the New Jersey, Iowa and Wisconsin; 2 heavy cruisers, the Salem and Des Moines; 15 destroyers and 2 submarines. Capt. Roy L .Johnson, native of Forrestal, said that after this new Big Bend, La., and skipper of the flattop has finished her shakedown cruise, she is due .to go into the yard about May 5 for changes found desirable. Post shakedown changes should be completed by November, the captain said. This will mean that the Forrestal will be able to conduct brief trials and go to join the 6th Fleet In the Mediterranean by January. This carrier's present complement is about 80 planes. R. A. Porter's Brother Dies Lebron W. Porter, brother of Blytheville's R. A. Porter, died suddenly In New Orleans Friday morn- Ing. He was 44. A native of Wlnfleld, Ala., he was with the merchant marines and made his home In New Orlearu when not at tea. Services were held yesterday afternoon at Pint Methodist Church In Wlnfleld, Mr. and Mri. Porter and children were In Wlnfleld for final rit«.
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