Alexandria Gazette from Alexandria, Virginia on October 27, 1859 · 2
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Alexandria Gazette from Alexandria, Virginia · 2

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Thursday, October 27, 1859
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PUBLISHED DAILY AND TRI WEEKLY BY EDGAR 8H0WDE1V. ~ ALEXANDRIA: THURSDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 27, 185? Those of the "Republican" presses, which palliate, excuse, or fail to denounce the late outbreak at Harper's Ferry, we have reason to hope, will find that they are not sustained by the great body of the people at the North. Commenting on this subject, the Fredericksburg Recorder says, "that the mass of the Northern people give evidence of the honor with which they contemplate this deed of violence and the necessity which they perceive, their peace and security, and the permanency of our institution*, impose upon tiieiu to put under loot the men and movements which seek their country's ruin. Iu this determination, and its execution we wish them God speed!" The Pennsylvanian, the leading Administration Democratic organ in Peunsylvauia, says that the assertion "that the Democratic party of the nation is in favor of free trade is false." And it declares that Mr. Butler's recent exposition of the Tariff views of the Democratic party in Massachusetts, is the recognised creed of the Democratic party in Pennsylvania. This may all be so. But it is equally evident that the Democraticparty of the South is in favor of free trade ?and that Mr. Butler's views on the Tarifl' are repudiated by the party in the South. The Rockingham Register, commenting on the delinquency of newspaper subscribers, says it does not know but they are treated right in allowing a man to owe for five years; and continues, "we don't think well our-1 selves of a man who lets us owe him a small sum for such a length of time." The Fredericksburg Herald says:?"We didn't know anybody ever trusted an editor that length of time or the half of it!" T The foreign news published yesterday briefly announced the death of Robert Stephenson, the celebrated English engineer.? England has thus within a very short space of time lost her two most eminent engineers, Stephenson and Brunei. They were rendered conspicuous by their participation in those great works for which their country has become famous. Robert Stephensou's name is blended inseparably with the wonderful progress of the railway system of Great Britain. We publish the speech made by Governor Wise, upon his return to Richmond, from his recent official visit to Harper's Ferry.? ! The views and opinions of the Chief Magistrate of the State with regard to the late oatbreak, and his history of the matter, derived from personal examination, will be of interest to all the people of the Commonwealth. A despatch from Cameron, on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, states that across tie was laid across the railroad track about two miles west of that station, by a man nam- j ed Jacob Horner. R. A. French, engineman, j saw Horner place the tie on the track, and iumped from his engine and arrested him.? lie was sent to Mouudville jail. We are pleased to see that both the candidates for Congress, from the Petersburg district, (election to take place to-day) are vieing with each other, in their denuciations of the extravagances of the government, and in their propositions for retrenchment and reform. _ The "Republican Association" of Washington have passed resolutions disclaiming any complicity with or approbation of what they denounce as "the mad, wi<-kcd, and absurd schemes" attempted to be carried into execution by "the handful of invaders" at Harper's Ferry. In consequence of the recent proceedings of the American B;ard of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, Mr. Atkinsou of Va., has resigned his post as a member of the Board ?a position which he has held for thirty years, and would have cuutiuued in, but for the introduction of abolition proceedings. On Friday eveuiug last, a youth tuiiurd Win. Sheltoo, about l.< years of age, was ehot, accidentally or otherwise, in the yard j of Mr. Wolfrey, in Spotsylvania County.? The Corouer's inquest rendered a verdict that Shelton came to his death by the bauds of some unknown person. i The self-ruling envelopes seem growing in the popular favor. The Washington City Post Office has exhausted the first supply ! and received a second. Some 4oO,(XH) of the envelopes have already been issued to the post offices. Fred. Douglass failed to meet his engagement to lecture in Syracuse on the 21st., inst. 1 on "Sel?made Men." The Syracuse Courier thinks the disclosures at Harper's Ferry have induced him to take the under-ground railroad to Canada. The races over the Ashlaud course will j commence to-day and continue duriug the week. Some sixty first rate horses are al- ! ready on the ground, aud the most interest- j ing and excitiug sport is anticipated. Joshua R. Giddiugs publishes a letter in which be says Brown never consulted him in ; regard to his Harper's Ferry expedition, or ! any othor expedition or matter whatever. (?) i A meeting of the Whigs aud Americans of Fauquier, was held in Warreotou on Monday, aud Delegates to the RichoLoaJ Convention were appoiuted. The grain news from Europe is regarded ?try favorably, as giving assurance that breadstuff* are a^ain to be available for export in considerable quantities. In the ootiee concerning Mr. Gallaher, in yesterday's Oazette, the rame should have bttn John 8. Gallaher. The will of the late Mary M. Ricketta, widow of Phillip Rickctts, of Philadelphia, has just been recorded. It contain*, besides numerous large bequests to friends and relatives, the following to public institution?: "To the contributors of the Pennsylvania Hospital, *10, 000; Churchman Missionary Association for the Seamen oi the Port of Philadelphia, $vv 00<>; Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church for the advancement of Christianity in Pennsylvania !jv3.O0<?; to the Indigent Widow's and Single Women's Society, Cherry street, $3,000; Bishop White's Parish Library Association $5,000; Hospital of the Protestant Episcopal Church, $5,000." From the Steubenville Herald we learn that on Friday evening the town of Wellsville, on the Ohio river, was visited with a more than ordinarily destructive fire. The tire broke out in the large grocery and commission house of Wells \ ance, on Main street, running parallel with and immediately in the rear ol the buildings facing the river. The square between the house of Wells & Vance and the corner of Maiu and Lisbon street was totally consumed, including the National Hotel, and a number of dwellings on Lisbon street. It is not contemplated that the instructions to the marshals concerning the next Census will be issued before February; and it is not expected that these officers will anticipate the directions of the Secretary of the Interior by the appointment of their subordinates in advance. As the work of taking the census will not be commeuccd before the first day of June nexi, there exist# no necessity for the appointment of the assistants of the marshals much in advance of that period. Kdwin Forrest is lying <>n his oars, dramatically speaking. He has informed the managers. and some of his personal friends, when urged to accept engagements, and again appear in public on the stage, that he will not do so until all his difficulties are settled with his former wife. This means that he will not again perform until he has broken down the divorce granted to her, and is relieved from payment of the three thousand dollars alimony. The New Yoi4 Court of Oyer and Terminer has granted a new trial toQuimbo Appo, a Chinaman, convicted of murder. Amongst the reasons given was the prisoner's poverty and his ignorance of our customs and institutions, natural to a Chinese subject, which had deprived him of the benefit of substantial matters of defence, which, if presented, would in all probability have lea to a different result. Mr. Gilbert and Mr. Lowe are making extensive preparations for the intlation of the Mammoth Balloon, at the Reservoir grounds, or site of the late Crystal Palace, New York. The Balloon when inflated will measure from top to bottom, 361 feet, and 158 feet in diameter. A large number of workmen ara busily engaged in digging trenches for the gas pipes to feed the meter. Telegraphic Dispatches. Boston, Oct. 25.?The Weatborough He- 1 form School boys, who pleaded guilty to set- ' ting fire to that building, were sentenced 1 to the penitentiary to-day. New Orleans, Oct. 24.?In addition to the destructive fire lust night, on Magazine street, ; our city has been visited by another equally disastrous, involving a loss of $200,000, inak- | ing a total loss by fire in this city, in the two i nights, of $.'.>50,000. The property but par- | tially insured. Plaquemines, La., Oct. 22.?Authentic advice* from some of the leading sugar plantations of this State, leave no room to doubt but what the yield will show a material reduction from last year. Auuusta, Oct. 25.?The weather is more favorable for the growing cotton crop. The Comptroller General of Georgia reports the financial affairs of the State, as follows: Cash in the treasury, $2X8,705; public debt in bonds and stock. ?354,750; treasury receipts for the year, $1,103,000; expenditures, $874,500. Boston. Oct. 25.?A proposition is now before the abolitionists of Worcester, to raise mouey, by contribution, for the purpose of obtaining counsel for Ossawattamie Brown, at his coining trial. Rev. T. W. lligginson acts as treasurer. New Orleans, Oct. 25.?Brownsville advices to the 20th have been received. Certenas and his baud were still encamped above the city. Indians were joining the outlaws constantly. The Mexican troops had returned to Metamoras. Lieut. Langdon had arrived j with three cannon. The citizens had captured one of the leading outlaws, and he had been sentenced to be hung, but Certenas threatens to burn the town if he should be ! executed. Citizens were alarmed, and were \ fleeing from the town, which would soon be I deserted unless assistance arrived. St. Louis. Oct. 25.?The Omaha City He- i publican says that the frauds perpetrated at I the recent election for a territorial delegate, equal those in Kansas. Returns from Fort Kearney give Kasthmuk 238 majority, while there are not 25 legal voters in the district. The same paper announces the discovery of an organized band of robbers in that neighborhood. implicating the ex-speaker of the ; House of Representatives, ex-sheriff, and other prominent citizens. S?-ranton. Pa., Oct. 24.?The boiler of the locomotive Virginia, belonging to the Dela- ; ware, Lackawanna, and Western Railroad, exploded here yesterday. Robert Starrel, j the engineer; John Brown, fireman; Mr. Swans, formerly of Moscow, Pa.; Patrick : Welsh, and Wui. Allen, were killed. The engine is a complete wreck. The cause of j the explosion was a pressure of steam. New VohK, Oct. 25.?The latest commercial advices per steamer Ocean Oueen.are to the 13th, (Thursday.) The Liverpool cotton market closed firm and steady. Brcadstuffs closed firm. Provisions closed steady. I'tica, X. Y., Oct. 24.?Clarinda Jourdan plead guilty to the charge of manslaughter in the first degree, and was sent to Sing Sing j to-day for life. She poisoned her husband about two years since. The woman is but i few removes from an idiot. j Carlisle, Oct. 25.?Thero was nothing done u*dav in the case of the man arrested here as one of the Harper's Ferry insurgents. The hearing on the hgbcas corpus has been postponed until to-morrow. New Orleans, Oct. 25.?All the partial arrested here on the charge of engaging in filibuster expeditions were acquitted to-day. Newark, N. J-, Oct. 25.?Patrick Maude, j convicted of the murder of his sister, has been sentenced to be hung on Thursday, January 5th. ^ Bears.?Mr. Thos. Atbey killed sometime j la^t week, a very large bear about seven miles north of Moore tie Id, the head of which Mas brought to town and exhibited on the lair grounds. The bear was very fat and weighed over three hundred pounds nett. We learn that Mr. W. S. Purgett, some two weeks since, killed a bear on the mountain near his residence. It was very fat. Mr. iieorge Miller, living some two miles j South-east of lfoor?field, captured a lar^e bear on Wednesday iijst. It was caught in a bear pen.?Hardy County Whig. J). M. Bernard, who has discharged the du- i ties of Clerk of the Hustings Court of Petersburg, siqce October the 15th, 1W5, has re- j signed his office. Preliminary Trial of th? H?rper'? Ferry Ia?urgentt. ^ Charles town, \ ,t., Oct. 24.?The County Court of Jefferson County, Hitting hs iiu examining court, with five justices, Charles f>. Harding, State's Attorney, Andrew Hunter, esq., resisting in the prosecution. At l'U o'cl<>ck the prisoners were brought into the court room, old John Brown and Edwin Coppec coupled together; Stevens by hiiu*clf; the negroes (ircen and Copeland manacled together. The doors were thrown open t> the crowd and the court room was instantly filled. A military guard was also in attendance. The court requested that the evidence given on the examination trial should not be reported, but the testimony of the witnesses examined is substantially the same as the statements heretofore made by them and published. Brown's eyelids were much swollen, and he looked haggard. Stevens looked much improved, but sallow. The warrant of .Justice Chew, summoning the justices of the court, was then read hv the clerk, Ihomas A. Moore, and also the warrant of commitment to jail?both heretofore reported. Mr. Hunter, assistant counsel for the State suggested that the court should assign counsel to the prisoners, as upon inquirv thev were unprovided. The presiding justice, Col Braxton Davenport, appointed Hon. C. J. Faulkner and Lawson Botts, esq., as their counsel. At this moment, Brown arose uud said in a clear and distinct voice: ^ irginians, 1 did not sisk for anv quarter or to have my life spared. I have the Governor's assurance that I should have a fair trial. I do not know the object of this examination. 1 have applied for counsel from abroad, but 1 have not heard from them.? There are mitigating circumstances which might be presented. If you seek my blood you can have it at anv moment without the mockery of a trial. If 1 am to be hurried to execution, you can spare yourselves the expense and trouble of an examination and trial. I have made a free admission of my acts and objects, and I hope not to be insufted as cowardly, guilty barbarians insult those who are in their power." After the counsel for the defence had a conference with Hrown and his associates? Mr. taulkner stated to the court that he was always ready to discharge the dutv which the court assigned him. He doubted if they possessed the power to appoint counsel on an examination trial. The prisoners I say they consider this examination a mockery of justice, and he would, therefore, prefer to be excused from acting, from that as well as for other reasons. j Mr. Botts then stated to the court that his pwition was not one of his seeking, nor j one that he felt authorized to retire from. j He would discharge his dutv in the case. 1 Brown then stated that he believed Mr. Botts was one who had previously declined to act as his counsel. He cared nothing about having counsel for his defence, if he was to be hurried to execution. ! Mr. Botts said he sent the prisoner word by the sheriff that he would defend him if ! appointed by the court. Mr. Hunter then suggested that each of the prisoners should be interrogated if he desired Messrs. Faulkner and Butts to act as his counsel. Brown responded that he left it to them to exercise their own pleasure. The other ' prisoners accepted their services. The following witnesses were then sworn ! *t ?*aui,ned? V'Z: Lewis . Washington, A M K'tzmiller, A. M. Bull, John II. Allstedt. I i he evidence being closed and the counsel I having submitted the case, the presiding ' Justice said: "It is the opinion of the court that the pri- j soners should be sent on for further trial." I The prisoners were then taken to jail. ! The grand jury sits this evening, and the result of their investigations can hardly be a subject of doubt. Mr. Alex. R. Boteler, member elect to Congress from this distriot, has collected I from fifty to one hundred letters from citi- ' zona in the neighborhood of Brown's house I who searchod it before the arrival of the ma- j nnes. The letters arc in the possession of An- 1 drew Hunter, esq., who has also a large number ot' letters obtained from Brown's i house by the marines and other parties. It is requested that their contents shall not be J published until after the trial of the prisoners, i Among them is a roll of the conspirators, I containing forty-seven signature.-; also a re- | ceipt from Horace Greeley (or letters, &c? re- ; ceived from Brown, and an accurately traced map from Chambersburg to Brown's house; copies of letters from Brown stating that the arrival of too many men at once would excite suspicion, they should arrive singly; a letter from Merriam stating that of the 20.00U wanted, G. S. was good for one-fifth. Brown j told them to let the women write the letters j and not the men. There is also a pathetic ! letter from Klizabeth Lecman to her brother, j Also, a letter from J. E. Cook, stating that ! "the Maryland election is about to come off: : the people will bocome excited, and we will i get some of the candidates that will join our | side." Then follows four pages in cypher, j There is also a letter from Col. Craig, of the , ordnance department, Washington, answer- | ing inquiries as to the disposition of the L'ni- , ted States troops, <fcc. The case of Lynch arrested yesterday will not probably be acted upon this term. [ The trial of Brown separately will commence . to-morrow. Nothing has been heard of counsel from abroad, but the best talent of the bur will defend him, if none arrive. Trial of the Conspirators. No criminal trial has taken place in this I country, within the last half century, that j approached in point of national importance the cause which is to be heard and adjudiea-1 ted in a few days in the Circuit Court of Yir- i ginia. The trial of Aarou Burr, fifty-two i years ago, fpr treason against the republic, 1 did not excite more intense feeling than will be called into action by the trial of Ossawat- I tamie Brown and his confederates. If the j Governor of this State be called upon, as he probably will be, to surrender to the State of Virginia the bodies of Gcrritt Smith, Fred. Douglass, and others, who may prove to have been accomplices of Brown, in his crimes of murder and insurrection, the excitement already existing will be intensified to the highest degree. If the demand be made aud re- ; fused, then the bonds of the confederacy will ! be in danger of speedy and violent disrup- ' tion; but if the demand be acceded to, then j we piay look out fyr njost terrible demonstra- : tiofls op tbepartof the Northern fanatics; who uphold the abominable doctrine of the J irrepressible conflict. (n eithor, aud in all events, however, the | Kublic mind will poutinue in a state of the j igheat excitement during the continuance i of the criminal proceedings instituted against the Harper's Ferry abolition insurrectionists. Burr's case had nothing to do with the j tdavery question, and was, therefore, of minor intprest as compared with the case of Brown, who has aot only incurred the penalties of treason aud murder, but has aimed at arming the Southern slaves, and inciting them to slaughter the whites. With one>iiulf the I'niou, the question involved is of life and j death; with the entire republic it is a question of national existeuce. Therefore it is that we regard the impending trial as tho most momentuously important, aud most deeply exciting, that ha?, perhaps, ever oc* curred in our history.?X. V. Herald. TOHN MURPHY, ATTORNEY AT LAW, t} ?iil practice in the Courts of Westmoreland, Richmond, and Kortbuuiberlmnd Counties. Post , .Offloe, Rioe'i Store, WwuMraUnd County, Va. ; Gov. Wise's Speech at Richmond on the subject of the Harper's Ferry Rebellion. (Juptniu Cary, Company /? an>l t el low- j Citizen*:?if you and I never had a fellow j feeling before, we have it now. Humors of , insurrection, invasion, robbery and murder, by ruffians on our border, called you to the field, to exert the authority of your State to protect the safety of her }.e-.pie. \ou, fcllow-citixciis, and citizon-fioldicrs, (addressing Company F.) were ready to start, and did start on the path of duty, at a moment .?? warning; and we found others, like v'?u, lying in wait on the path, who tendered their services. 1 thank you?1 thank all who joined you and were ready to join vou, with my whole heart, for this whole people; uot only for being reaily, but for the manner in which your duty was performed. It is due to you and your fellow-citizens, that I should say, and that they should know, that you were ready to do, and, ii necessary, to die 111 their defence. 1 kept my eye upon you, aud I proudly attest that you werr mm. As teleIrraph upon telegraph met us on the way that the fighting was still g"ing on. informing us of the danger of the prisoners held as hostages bv the marauders, and oi death in the assaults bv the troops, your countenances were bright with the cheerfulness that you would be there in the imuiiueut breach. No man turned pale, no cheek blanched, no face was blank, until within a . few miles of the seeue we learned that nil was over, and that victory was won without the aid of your right arms. 'I he brightness of your looks faded not until we found, when wo got there, we came to look onl) upon the dead, the dying and the wounded. On the way. on board the steamer at the j Potomac, I reminded you that vou were already known at home in the character ul j gentlemen, and that then you were called on to win the character ot soldier.*. I hat char- ( acter vou have won. Although not com- j manded to charge a bayonet or pull a trig- ; ger, vou preserved order, composure, digni-1 ty, and discipline in the midst of the highest i excitement and confusion 1 have ever wit-J nessed. I especially thank you and the sol-; diers who joined us on the way. and 1 would i pass a special encomium upon Capt. Marye, ; of the Alexandria Kitles, who, without waiting for ball and cartridge, joined us at Washington, with men, and enabled me to procee<l with a guard uf '.>1 Virginia so - diers to Harper's l'erry. I?et me also thank Col. August, and the corps of the 1st Regiment of Virginia Volunteers who left this city, under his orders, the next morning. These and all who marched towards the scene; all. all who were on the way as prompt as preparation could be made, ana as speedily as steam could convey them, thank with the deepest gratitude. I regretted to feel it my duty, at the Relay House, to order the 1st Regiment to return to Richmond from Washington. We there heard that Col. Lee had telegraphed that no more United States troops would be needed, and orders to those from Fortress Monroe were countermanded. Rut I took on Company "F," if need be, to form guard and scour the surrounding country. W lieu we arrive.1 at Harper's Ferry I found that there had been double more than ample force. I lie gallant volunteers of Jefferson were the first on the ground, and soon alter tlieui the noble men of Berkeley were there. Farmers with single and double barrel shut guns, and with plantation rifles, wen- there. The people, with arms nnd without arms, rushed t<> the scene. For what ??what had happened ? What summoned them to shoulder musket and snatch weapons as they could ? What had disturbed their peace ?? What threatened their safety and to sull\ their honor? Alas', to the disgrace of the Nation?not of V irginia, I repel all imputations upon her?but to the disgrace of?.w///body?fourteen ir.iite ruffians aiujjfice ntymes hud been permit teil to take the I ni/td Stah> arsenal, with nil it* arms and treasure, and to hold it tor 24 hours, at that Thermopylae of Amerua, liar per'* Ferry, on the eon tines of two shire Slut**, irith the avowed ohjrct of emancijHitiny their slaves, at every hazard, and the very perpetration of the seizure and imprisonment of the inhabitants, and of rob berv and murder and treason. \ou will indignantly ask: II<iw could such outrage and disgrace be brought upon a country like this, strong as it is in everything? I will briefly inform you. Congress had by law, displaced the regular army l'rom tho superintendence of its own arms, us if it was unworthy of tho trust of its own affairs, and its officers very naturally turned away in disgust from giving attention to this arsenal. A civil superintendent was placed in charge; and 1 know the gentleman, a Virginiau, is as worthy of it as any civilian can be. lie was absent on official duty at Springfield, .Mass., and I have great confidence that had he been at the Arsenal it could not have been captured and hold as it was. And 1 do not mean to go into the dispute or question, whether civil or military superintendence is most proper over a manufactory and Arsenal of arms, llut this I do say, emphatically and indignantly, that whether the superintendence was civil or military, there ought to hair been an organized. and sufficient military guard there: and there was nothing of the kind. There was no watch even worth naming, and no guard at all. Thus, an arsenal, which ought to be a depot of arms and munition of defence, for the citizens at all times to floe to for moans of protection, became a depot for desperadoes to assail us and a positive danger to our people. It would be better for Virginia and Maryland to have the arsenal removed from tiieir borders, than to allow it thus to be30mo a danger by being left unguarded. The Civil Superintendent was not responsible for a military guard. The question, who is responsible? I leave to the proper executive authorities of the United States. By the grossest negligence somewhere?which it is not my duty to look after or to correct, except to proclaim it and complain of it, for the sake of the protection due to our own people?nineteen lawless men have seized this arsenal, with its arms and spoils, and have imprisoned and robbed an 1 murdered our inhabitants? How ? you eagerly inquire. Kver since tho border war in Kansas ceased, and the abolition ruffians there were dis- , banded, their leader has been organizing ; this invasion. They hold a Convention, it \ seems, at Chatham, Canada West, within a , year past, and formed what they call a 1 provisional government, with its Prcsi- 1 dent. Vice President. Secretary of State, | Secretary of War, Treasurer. &c.; with ; its Supreme Court, iw Congress, and its i commander-in-chief. The notorious chief of bandits iu Kansas, John Brown, the terror of Ossawattarme arid Fort Scott, was appointed commander-in-chief; aud he and his sons and other agoi.'s, perambulated the whole country and cor.-esponded iu all its parts. They traversed Ohio. Missouri, iowa, Canada, Pennsylvania. Xew York, Xew England, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee. In these particularly, and in other States, they had emissaries ! collecting funds, enlisting men, taking the ! census actually of slave*, preparing arms and munitions of war, looking out for do- j pots aud spying out the weak points for attack. About June of this year, Bmwn un- : der the name of John Smith, rented what is 1 called the K?'nne ly farm, within ifix miles ; of Harper's Ferry. There and thereabouts, at various times, he collected 200 Sharpe's rifles, 200 revolver-pistols, some number of other odd arms, among the rest a large rifle on a pivot, carrying a two-ounce ball in form of a slug, ranging a long distance, and 1,000 spears about feet long, with a blade 1<> inches long, about 2 inches wide, "jugged , sharp" on both edges, sharp pointed, cut and thrust, with a hilt, and a turned shaft of hickory, with a ferule, at the ??nil where the blade is let into the wooil, and a screw through the ferule and wood and shaft ?.f the Made.? These spears were obviously made for the hands of negroes, to do the buchery of servile insurrection* Besides these arms, he had a large quantity of clothing, wearing apparel and bed clothing, a store of surgical instruments, lint, medicines, and the minutest preparation and provision of all kinds. At no time had he more than 2- men; and on the night of Sabbath lu*t (the 10th inst.) he invaded the county of Jefferson and Harper's Ferry, with but l'.f men?14 white men and five negroes?one of the latter from Canada, one born in \ >rti? Carolina, and last from < )hio. These men came, few as they were, from tar distant point?from Kssex county, New \<>rk; from Norwich, Connecticut; from Harrisonburg, Pennsylvania; from Iowa; from Ashtabula, Ohio, and troin Canada and other places. They transported their arms through Pittsburg toChainbersburg?a man named Henric being their chief agent?and at the latter place concentrated, and thence moved to the Kennedy farm in Maryland.? There they had been for some six or eight weeks. During the time these preparations were on foot, they kept a man named John K. Cooke ar. Harper's Ferry, or near by, professedly teaching school in Maryland, across the Potomac, opposite the Arsenal. He had married at Harper's Ferry, and his wife's mother and brother lived there, and he spent much of his time there. He was in constant communication with the slaves of the surrounding country, took a census of them, and was thoroughly informed of everything about the Arsenal. The plan of operations, with all this opportunity and information, was easily formed and executed. On the night of tiie l('?th, armed with rifles and revolvers, the nineteen men, about one o'clock, entered the town, put out the lights, cut the telegraph wires, and stationed thirteen men to arrest the inhabitants as they should appear in the morning, one by one | and two by two, unsuspicious of danger and i unarmed, and to imprison them in the strong walled yards with iron gates. Six of the' men. Captain Stephens at their head, went i four miles into the county of Jefferson, and ' took Col. Washington and Mr. Alstadt from ' their beds, placed them and their male slaves in a four-horse wagon, and drove the masters prisoners to Harper's Ferry. Cooke, one of the men of this expedition, drove the wagon and slaves across the Potomac into Maryland, to bring in the spears and other arms ; they had left at their depot, to prevent them from falling into the hands of troops or people who might come to attack them. They did not need the arms, for they had captured the arsenal, but their object was to prevent them from falling into the hands of the unarmed country people. Thus, when Monday morning dawned, they had fully opened the desperate campaign. They shot a poor negro on the bridge; they had stopped the cars going Kastward, and detained it for hours; they had cut the telegraph wires: had captured Washington and Alstadt and their .-laves, four miles off in the country; had sent Cooke and the slaves to bring in their arms, j and began to imprison the operatives of the : Arsenal and inhabitants of the town, and to j shoot down the most respectable men, Heck-; ham and Turner, who resisted their violence. The news of this flew to the country around. The volunteers of Jefferson, with Cols. Baylor ami Gibson, rushed to the scene, ,? iino the men of Berkeley, unorganized, in workiu" day dress and without arms or munitions, supping they could get arms and tued , ammunition at the arsenal; hut when the Hot there they found all the arms and men - tions in the hands of the marauders But with what arms they had. they attacked them and some seven of them wore ?u?dcd but thev killed and wounded several of tin enemy! Thev eould have stormed and taken them "in an hour, hut they were anxious for ( the lives and safety of their ne.ghlx.rs and rfends who were under the muzzles and; 5es of the ruffians, and they were restrained by their apprehension that they rnig i slaughtered by the desperadoes. By this hesifation they allowed the insurgents to hold tho Arsenal all day Monday. On Monday night that gallant and noble \ irginian, j Colone? Robert K. Lee, worthy o any service j on earth, arrived with his regular torj. Marines. He waited only for light, tlhen tendered the assault, in Mate pride, to the Virginia volunteers who were there. Their feelings for the prisoners made them dccl ? the risk of slaying their own Inends, an.1 ( Lee eould not delay a moment to retake tVrsenal. punish the impudent invaders. a..d release the prisoners at the necessary ri-k ?Sown live. Ili, gallantry w?< n,.?n tied that the task was so easy, lie saw a I'nited Suites Arsenal in the possession ., bandits, from the superintendence of which his profession had been ejected; and he felt the regular army and his native istate wer alike dishonored. With mort.t.cat.oii and , chagrin, inexpressible, he picked l_inari .es and took the engine house, in ten mm >, . with the loss of one marine killed and on wounded, without hurting a ha.r of one o tlie prisoners. And now I say to you hat ; I would have given my arm to its for that feat to have been performed by t volunteers of Virginia on Monday l>efmethe Mariow arrived There. tat ?b? ? ? I cowardiee or panic on the part of ? it ants who were made prisoners, or on the, r. the volunteers who first reached the , scene' The first were bewildered by thej surprise; they were caught, unsuspecting and unarmed, and knew not what to j the extraordinary thing; they cou ? . I first, conceive what it meant. IIley. <? than H>0 of them, were prisoners before th y realize* 1 the purpose of the invaders, and [hen they could not ascertain their numbers j and could not but believe that they were in , very considerable force to attempt so daring , ?m act And so thought the volunteers, w ho had but few arms, no cartridges and no training, and who were wholly ignorant of th?. lorce they had to overcome, ami who felt for heir neighbors, and friends, the prisoners, with great anxiety, after seeing how remorseles-lv Turner and Beckham had been shot , down. They vigorously plyed the.rbre arms nd made one assault and retired only at tr , sustaining severe vollevs of balls from rifles securely entrenched behind ? ;>d.-nsc- 1 lv looped to receive them, while th ) without any artillery or means of battering | time 1 would have stormed the strong!, dd i in the shortest possible time, and that it den (ieorge Washington had been one of the , prisoners and even his life had been iraperrilled by the attack, it should not have been delayed five minutes. Th* hves out*.de in this case, were as precious as the lives inside of the prison, and to prove that it was not, inhumanity to risk the lives of the prisoners, 1 w"uld have gladly risked my own lite t.. t at J,j b?arJ of thc.r l,ve? j and mv own;-such wa* my sense of dogra lationat allowing those marauders to hold that Arsenal with its prisoners for hv? mm-, utes I would not have parleyed with them a incmeut. I would have ordered the attack, wrniM proudly have risked my life to have gotten my guard there in tune, an< have token the place with our own \ irgima boys. 1 was ready to weep when I found ?he whole force overcome, was only ^e - STli men, and >.,e Virghua net capture<l them before Col. Lee Hut, ray fellow-eiti/.cns, you must not imagine tlmt this invasion was so insignificant, or that Commander Brown was mad, because his force was SO small, llis force, small as it was, was large enough to divide, to penetrate a sleeping country around, and to take a 1'nitcd States Arsenal with all its arms. Taking these, his expectation was to be joined immediately by hundreds and thousands of whites and blacks; and his purpose was to turn the arms of the United State* which he had captured, on the Slaveholders of Maryland and Virginia. In this consisted his disappointment and failure. No tiegrocs rose up to seize the arms he had captured. The negroes he had captured, as soon as they crossed the river with Cook and got out of his wagon, ran back iu trepidation to their masters. All of Mr. Allstadt's returned, and all of Col. Washington's but one?hi' carriage driver, the negro who drove the wagon into town when his master was made prisoner; he was drowned in the Potomac; his body was found on Wednesday morning. And this i* the only consolation which I have to offer yuu in this disgrace; that the faithful slaves refused to take up arms agaitis their masters, and those which were taken by force from their happy homes deserted their liberators as soon as tlicy could dare to make theatteinpt. Not a slave around wan found faithless, and not one has lost his life, except the one of excelleut character who was shot by Brown's party on the bridge, and except this servant of Col. Washington, whose body was found in the river, and whom Cook may have shot in attempting ttt escape from him. Brown was not mad, but he was misinformed as to the temper and disposition of our slaves. He ought to have known that all the slaves on our Northern border are held as it were by sufferancc?their own sufferance; that they can run to liberators in Pennsylvania, easier than liberators can come to their emancipation. He was ignorant, it seems, of the patriarchal relations iu which our slaves every where are held by their masters, and what bonds of affection and common interest exist between them and their masters. And thus it was that "Old Brown," the fanatic of Ossawattomie and Lawrence and Fort Scott memory, who denounced theMissourinns as "Border Ruffians.'' became himself the Border Kuffian of Virginia, and is now a prisoner of Treason to her authority. The slaves he would incite to insurrection and massacre, would not take up arms against their masters. His spears were untouched by them. And they are themselves mistaken who take him to be a madman. He is a bundle of the best nerves I ever saw, cut and thrust, bleeding and in bonds, lie is a man of clear head, of courage, fortitude and simple ingenuous- ; noss. He is cool, collected and indomitable, , and it is but just to him to say, that he was j humane to his prisoners, as attested to me by Col. Washington and Mr, Mills; and he I inspired me with great trust in his integrity, ; as a man of truth. He is a fanatic, vain and i garrulous, but firm, and truthful, and intel- j ligent. His men, too, who survive, except the free negroes with him, are like him. He professes to be a Christian, in communion with the Congregationalist Church ot the North, and openly preaches his purpose of universal emancipation; and the negroes themselves were to be the agents, by means of arms, led on by white commanders.? When Col. Washington was taken, his watch, and plate, and jewels, and money, were de- . iiiunded to create what they call it salety j fund," tu compensate the liberators for the trouble and expense of taking away hib j slaves. This, by a law, was to be done 1 with all slave-holders. Washington, ot course, refused t<> deliver up any thing; aud it is remarkable, that the only thing of ma? terial value which thev took, besides his ? slaves, was the sword of Frederick, the ! Great, which was sent to (Jeneral Washing- ; ton. This was taken by Stephens, to Brown, aud the latter commanded his men with that ! sword in this tight against the peace and ! safety of Washington's native State! lie promised Col. Washington to return it to him when he was done with it. And Col. ; Washington says that he, Brown, was the j coolest and firmest man he ever saw in defy- | ing danger and death. With one son dead I by his side, and another shot through, he felt the pulse of his dying son with one hand 1 and held his riile with the other, and com-; inauded his men with the utmost composure, j encouraging them to be lirin, and to sell their lives as dearly as they could. Of the j three white prisoners, Brown, Stevens and , Cop pee, it was hard to say which was most j firm; and of the two negroes it was hard to j say which seemed the most cowardly and ! false. The North Carolina negro offered to j betray all persons involved in the affair if j spared, and the Canada negro, who was, I i beliove, one of the members of their provi- j aional Congress, was a crouching craven, who lied, as Brown said, for his life. But I will i enter into no further detail. 1 received into uiy keeping a large mass of papers and correspondence which discloses pretty clearly their whole plan of operations, and exposes many names implicated in their crimes.? We got all, perhaps, except a carpet bag of papers, which was tak<*u and carried off, very improperly, by some one of the Balti-1 more troops. The originals of these I will try to have restored for the trial of the pri- ? sonera. Among other papers I found a letter of credit, from one of the Banks in the State of j New York, informing Brown that Gerritt Smith had placed to his (Brown's) credit $100. That is now in possession of the Assistant Attorney at Charlestown ! It would not become me to counsel or countenance any one in doing to (Jerritt Smith what Stevens j and his party uld to Col. Washington?take him out of his bed at night and smuggle j him off fr m home?but it any one should j bring him to me, by fair or foul means, I will read him a moral lecture and send him back to his home, if innoceut, or secure him j a fair aud impartial trial, if guilty of aiding or abetting tbesc murders, robberies and j treason ! I remained in Harper's Ferry and ' went to Charlestown to protect the prisoners , w now have in custody, against lyuchlaw, determined as 1 am that the laws shall reign whilst I am chief Magistrate ot this Commonwealth. Our people were in- ; censed beyond expression, but they felt as I do, that it would be disgraceful and cowardly to murder these prisoners, after failing to , take them for twenty-four hours. They were I securely guarded and safely lodged in the j Charlestown jail, to be tri<*d in ti e Virgin a court, under Virginia laws. The United \ States served warrants for two cases of mur- j dor and treason against the United States, j but tin-re was no difficulty about jurisdiction. i I t ild the ?ffii:ers of the United States that j they might have the bodies of the prisoners ! after Virginia tribunals were done with them! 1 would not have delivered up these prisoners to any claim of priority ofjurisdic- t tion if the President of the United States | had so ordered. But there was no occasion : for any issue except as to the pardoning power. I will protect and guard the prisoners with i the law and the mercy and the might of our jwn sovereignty. There had been no guard at Harper's Ferry, and on Wednesday evening the Marines were ordered away, notwithstanding the ol>vious necessity of a military guard. Un- j der these circumstances, the last thing I did on Thursday morning was to organize a volunteer police guard on the Virginia border, around the confines of the grounds ceded for the arsenal, and 1 mean to inform the President of the United States that this guard will incidentally protect the arsenal and' property of the United States, until he shall make a permanent and safe provision for protection. I armed this guar! with part of j the rifles captured from Brown. And 1 shall 1 goon arming and >upp]yinj? ammuniti w ?" our frontiers, until every neighl?-.rh . w ' . there are slaves has tlie means of -cif_, Virginia and the other slave holdii must rely on themselves. This i, :iY vere lesson and we must pr>>tit a? ,,' i its teaching. It urges upon u\ ,;r than proclamations, the necessity t < ?" rough organization, armir.g and drilhr,: militia. I shall implore the jo ; gauiae and take arms in their hands. ;U?|. practice the use of arms, and 1 will, iU... : pots to be established for fixed amniui along our lwrders, and at everv a?.i. point. As to myself, 1 liaveniauitc.tr iuj devotion to the duty of protrctin * tj',. honor of the State of \ irginia and t .. .. ty of the lives and property of her , I regret that it has been my t >rtui ;. j . so little, but I thank you, gcntleiuen. , i?. and all, for this compliment, as I iu r thank you again lbr your gallant t:ii t, services." Franco?Speech of the Eaiperor On the 11th instant the Kuiperor nveived the authorities of Bordeaux. The Cardinal Archbishop addressed a speech t.. tin1 Kmperor, who read a reply to it. II .ill M , ,. and reply produced the m<?st favorable impression. The Kmperor thanked his . nence for having underetoood the hi^li illusion he had undertaken, lie was eiuieat -ring to strengthen the Confidence in h? good intentions rather than to spread heed, less alarms; aud expressed the hope that i new era of glory will be raised t'.?r thecimr i ou the day when every one will share hi< conviction that the temporal power t the Pope is not opposed to the liberty and ii. impendence of Italy. He further sa d that the Government which was the means ..f restoring the Iloly Father to the pontifical thr i,.* would only give utterance to such respect: t.i counsels as were directed by sincere dev ti :i to the interests of his Holiness. The day n : far distant when Rome will be evacuated I \ the French troops, for Kurope will n it all,* that the occupation which has lasted tea years should he prolonged indefinitely. When the French army U withdraw n, what will it leave behind? Anarchy, terror, or peace? These are questions the itnportanee of which cannot escape any one at the present time. It is necessary, continued the Kmperor, instead of appealing to the ardent passions of the people, to search with calmness for the truth, and pray to Providence t > enlighten the people as well as their sovereigns, under a wish for the fulfilment ??( th> ir rights, aud that they may well understand their duties. Presidential Plots. A letter from Concord to the Boston Traveller, asserts positively that t?en. I'ierce intends to be a candidate for the Presidency, and that his friends are actively at work, both in the North and South, to secure his nomination at Charleston. He is ostensibly to be entirely out of the way until all the other leading candidates have been used up, when ho will be brought forward by the South, ami nominated by delegates previously secured from the free States. AiuuDg those who are to support him, J. \\ . Forney, Jefferson Davis, Caleb Cushiug, and Sidney Webster, are mentioned. He intends to pass the winter at Bermuda, and to return in May. landing in Charleston, and receiving the congratulations of the Democracy on Ins way home. [ All these statements arc very detailed an-i very positive; but we doubt their truth, (len. Pierce's Administration lias <!<>riv?-<l new lustre from its favorable contract with that of Mr. Buchanun, and he would have many more friends fur the nomination now than he had at the end of his own tern:. But the Democracy will scarcely be in hcoijditiuii to inn any risks, or to carry weight in the next canvass. Their special and sole anxiety will be to nominate the candidate most sure of iiaecess:?and we do n t believe they will find him in any man wlio Iihs iiK.-.i that office once.?X. ]' Time*. Do AliCOI(l)l.IC LllJUOfIS I'hKVEVT 11K (YkR Consumption ??The Trustees of the Fiske Fund, at the annual meeting of the Khode Island Medical Society, held in Providence, June 1, ISo'J, announced that the premium of two hundred dollars ofl'.-red by them in 18.?s, fop the best dissertation 011 tln< following subjoct: "The Effect of the 1'?? of Alcholic Liquors in Tubercular Dnwase, or in Constitutions predispose*] to such Disease, tbe shown, as far as possible, by statistics," had been awarded to Dr. John IJell of New York. The following general conclusions are arrived at in the essay: I. TI10opinion so largely prevailing as to the effects of the use of alcoholir liquors, vi/ that they have a marked influence, in pre venting the deposition of tubercle, i.? </- ti lulr, of an solid foundation. II. On the contrary, their use appears r.tther topredispose to tubercular depo?ition. III. Where tubercle already < xi?ts, alcoh I has ?o ohrious eff-ct in course run by that substance. IV. I\either does it witiijate, in any c nsiderable degree, tin morbid'JJ> < 1-r of 't'nL upon the system in any stay of the disca** Ihe question, therefore, does whiskey pr vent or cure consumption? though not "?h at rest, may be considered as nearly "m l the public i- indebted to Dr. Hell for wl.ni cannot fail to prove a blessing to the wli '?? nation?we mean the dissipation of in err. neous and most dangerous belief. The Ovieho-Bartlett Wkodivo.?This event, which was chronicled with so niu? !i detail in the New York paper*, has lelt !/? hind it some unpleasant consemjer; A Mr. E. C. Stoduian published in the Tribune a satirical poem upon tiie affair, which grearly offended and exasperated Lt. Hurt!' tf, the father of the bride, who proposed ?' first to cowhide the poet upon sight. In - flection and advice however induced him t < send Stedman a note demanding a refraction, and couched in language indicative d< termination to demand, in case of refu-a.', the "usual satisfaction," in canes where x*utlemen find themselves aggrieved. Mr. Med* man replied in a note, offensive in it* character; in which he declined t > withdraw a syllable which he had written, and a[>|' intr I a friend to act for him in the further |<r gress of the difficulty. Lieut. Bartlett then discovered that Mr. Stedman was not I. ?> equal, socially, and resolved to brin^ an ? tion against him for libel. The Tribune (from which journal we obtain the?e says that Mr. Stedman is n gentleman ! standing and respectability, His father Charged' Affaires to Sardinia under Taylor's administrati(jn, and his relative and frieuds are of the best families of V'w' lurk.?Haltimorc Exchanje. As Etqer Drcnkako.?There has latclv come toour knowledge a very singular case depraved appetite. A young ladv in a manufacturing town jn this State occupying a respectable position in society, iscoinpejely un J--: the influence of a love for ether. It ha* h !???culiar effect upon her, causing her to laug.'i immoderately for a few minute"1, and then to fall flat to the floor, when' he will r>main panting convulsively, in a state t insensibility for some time. To gratify ' * appetite nhe will resort to all kind- of etc dieots. When any of her friends g? t > ti e dentist, she will beseech to be allowed ' accompany them, and promise faithful'/ not to go near the ether, but her promise n always broken if the subtle fluid but cdii*.' within her reach. This is one of the strongest instances of a depraved appetite that ??? have t?ver heard of. ? Chehra tUmhl.

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