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The Philadelphia Inquirer from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania • 2

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
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Mr. Pftuldintr. the new Secretary of Ihcf themi or make witnessei of them; and 1 very description of the suit "wherein the JJident the Wotted States is plaintiff and Qtes Drummond and his Majesty's Attorney ei9ral are defendants," is calculated to the thoughts very widely from the mark. FRIDAY. JULY 6.

IS3S. dollars, snd allow them to be used as deposi-; torles. The party endeavored to defeat this by side-blows, knowing well they could not prevail against it if the vote was taken on the proposition itself. They brought forward amendment after amendment frequently differently worded, but aiming at the Bame purpose and the same in substance though not in language all wilh a view to measure prevent any thing beneficial from being need not go over the whole scene. or two instances will sufHe.

A proposition by Mr. KIVES, a representative of lirginiaj to ciorfimit the bill, so to amend as to dispense with the inairurHenRliiy ol Hanks in the fiscal opera'ions of the Government wes voted down. Ayes 97 Nays 113. Two or three others, looking to a divorce, were rejected by votes eoually strong. Mr.

CAMI'UELL" of South Carolina offered an amendment to the effect that the fffonet de-posited in the banks should not be used for banking purposes. Some others of a similar character were offered. The House got into great confusion with them) and there being little chance of coming to a BatUfacory conclusion, ihey determined about half pa3t ien lo adjourn. Wedsessit. Jdlt 4.

frbfc THfc NATIONAL 1 TilK SMITHSONIAN KKQUKST. Jtfessrs. Editors On looking over the papers transmitted by the President 16 Congress, in March last, I think it impossible not to feel lue strongest doubts whether the United States can, with propriety, accept, under existing circumstances, the Smithsonian fund. It will be recollected lhat the claim of the United States, as residuary legatee, undr the Will, depends upon the contingency of ft person described by the testator as Kenry JumeB Hungerford, my nephew, formerly called Henry James Dickinson being dead, without a child legitimate or illegitimate." In the bill filed on our behalf, the President of the United Slates solemnly avers that this person did diet in Italy, in 1835, without a child legitimate or illegitimate. Our whole case turns On the truth of this allegation.

Tlte uncertainties necessarily attendant on such an investigation are unusually multiplied in this case. Not only is the testator driven, as we have seen, to describe the parent stem of illegitimacy by an alias, but a third name is disclosed. Mr. Uush, in his letter to Mr Forsyth (p. 10) says: Henry James Hungerford was "the natural son of Henry Louis Dickinson, deceased, brother of Mr.

Smithson, by a Mrs Coates The latter is still living, and married to a Frenchman named De la Batut. Hun- gerford lived with her, and took her name, whilst bearing which he died, having alto pass-11 ed Under that of Dickinson." He is described (p 22) as a man who lived up to his income, "and left behind him nothing to pay debts and funeral expenses." It is the history of this man's impure connections that the United States are bound to follow up and exhaust before the moral right can attach to receive one dollar of Smithson'a money. Let us now see how Mr. Rush conducted himself in this case of what he calls (p. 11) a complication of illegitimacy," An Order in Chancery had made, directing the requisite inquiries as to the tacts on the happening of which the United States be- came entitled to the fijid bequeathed by Mr.

"Smithson." On the subject of the advertisements required by this Order, Mr. Rush says: It- ivib hi nut that the tlilufirtiflA- Sailed in co. with brig tnoVpcnnVflSS, Grabs fof New York Left, ship Sabiua, Johnsnfl, 'rjm Phi lad dimhg Mary, Speucer, of Pbihd. fof Valf-raiso, repuirirg, having received damages in fat Ion 71, heo trying tu round the Horn, and aftef being for two successive times nearly round, was blown back and obliged to put into Kio to repair; i ruble, Farrell, from Baltimore, uno; Navarre, Evans. Iron PhiUri.

discbg; Baltimore, Snow, fat Norfolk, U. ship Independence, Com. Nicholson, lor Mon'evideo; FaiifUld, Capt. Mayo, for Montevideo, 3d Jur.e. Ship Kensirgion, Curtis, from Liverpool, was telegraphed at New York yesterday.

Baiq ie I'Ula Hand, aud brig J. Palmer, was tow fn sea by the Tiger, which returned to New Or-leant, S6tit Brig Pennaylvar1 for Malags io dajs, was left at Gibraltar, 24th ult. Urig Gambia, Bowen, and br Stephen Olney, (oet-, Mnce at Boston, Sd imt. i'leared, brig Palm, lot ihis port. Brigs Ella, M-ittriec Gem, EMredge, and sobf Delight in fiope.

Baker, baric at Boston, 4th iniU Brig Aitila, Hull, sailed from Havana, lltb alt. for Bremen. Brfg Llewellea, Adams, sailed from 8(. Jobos, PFt 23d alt. tor Arecibu.

to load for this port Sthr cleared at Kich-oiomf on Wediresofi? fur this port Schr Angusiui Lord, Haley, sailed from Portt-iiioutlij 26 Ii ult. for this port tfcbr Chfirlotie Willets, and Budd Stow, Cram mer, hence at New York on Tueiday Shr Potomac, flarsli-w, at Qiney, Mass 2d nt Schr Cyrus, Gray, and sloop Independenoe, Slew-art, sailed from Pall Kiver, 3uih ult. for this port. Sihr Brocks, Dean, cleared at Newborn, NC. to -9 ult- for V-'it part- Schr Chai.Vi'on Packet, Khoads, sailed from Providence, 1st inst.

or this port. Schr Zsla, Smith, hence Boston, 1st inst. Schr L-an; Parritt, at Boston, insL from lira1 ng on, Dei. tclir Planet, hence si Prrrtidence, 2d Inst. Sloop Friendship, hence at Afmdrilai Sa Ins; Arr at Baltimore, 5th inst.

barti Hortosr Toke. from Antwerp. Arr at Bosttsii, 4'h int. ships Hamilton, Smith, from Hamburg; Spartan, Buatin, from Cadiz; Gro-ton. Brown, from Havana.

Arr at Salem, 2d inst. ship Black Warrior, Mug-f ird. from St- Lb s. NEW YOUR, July 5. Arrived, ships Oxford, Rathbone, from Liverpool New Eugtand, Davis, from do; Calhoun, O'Neil, from Charleston; Brem.

banpie Jobs on, Huborst, from Bremen; brigs Oriole, Peterson, from Leghorn; Ganges, Leach, from PfiOEEDlNG8 OF CONGRESS. I (G'orreiptimlericc or the Baltimore Patriot.) Washingtoh, July 4, 1838. Auotlicx $u-Truaury Bill Rejected The House of Representatives to-day, returned rVthe hands of Mr. Silas Wright, and his Loco Poco associates, their bill, with the section struck out that proposed to abrogate all law; and give oycf the public treasure to the custody ot the Executive. Thus have the people's representatives again, in the most unequivocal fnajira declared their determination to have noth.

to do with the Sub-Treasury System, in shape or form. This bill ws announced yesterday by the Speaker, among1 the bills from the Senate. It was read twice, as is customary, and instantly half a dozen m.mbera rose. Mr. CAMBUF.

LKNG obtained he floor, and said he would not propose a ref rence of the bill to the Committee on Ways and Means; because though he would wish to add some provisions, there was now no time for discussion. The provisions, he continded, are simplej and the object so beneficial, 'ht he thought no reasonable objec lion could be taken to the question in any quarter! The honorable Chancellor of the Exchequer was here interrupted by a hearty and general chorus of loud laughter, expressive of the House's enjoyment of his rare impudence. He grew indignant at si sudden an explosion of mirth, and declared, with heat, that gentlemen might laugh, but so they had been laughing for ten months at a bill which not more than one in ten among them had ever read! This ebullition had an fleet exactly the opposite of a sedative. The laughter was still more cordial and pervading. When it ceased, Mr.

Cambreleng was heard contending that the section proposed to be repealed prohibited any of the banks frotn being used as depositories, and that the inhibition was perpetual on the Secretary. Moreover, the Sub-Treasury scheme was established by the Deposit act, because it placed the public money directly in the hands of the Treasurer. Vet in the same breath in which he nude these statements, he declared lhat the Deposit act was a nullity, and had repealed itself. He finally capped the climax of his bold and absurd assertions, by saying that the Sub Treasury was the strongest measure before the Navy, entered on the discharge of his duties on Monday last. At a recent meeting of the board of Inspectors of the Philadelphia County Prison, Jesse R.

Burden was elected President of the Board, A. Stevenson, Treasurer, and John L. Woolf, Secretary. We have received by the packet ship England, arrived at New York from Liverpool, out" regular files of London papers to the 1st June. The President of the United States has re cognized Maurice Kruno lance de Lanautte d'Hauterivc as Consul for the port of Rich mond, Va.

Captain MaUbicu, of the barque Ella Hand, arrived at this port from New Orleans reports having spoke the oloop Opera from ICew West for New York, having on board Captain Ame and crew of tlie ship Jul belonging tu this port which vessel was struck by lightning and burnt on the night of the 23d June, off Key West. The crew staid by the ship till the 24h when they took to the boats and arrived at Key West. The Julia had on board 1160 bales of cotton, insured inEngland, and was on a voyage from Mobile for Liverpool. The Wheeling Times states that a corps of engineers of the Baltimore and Ohio Hail Road Company have arrived there, and will imme diately commence the location of the road from thafpoint eastward. It ts stuted that W.

Mihior Roberts, Esquire, will in a short time commence a survey of the river onongahela, for the purpose of making" a slack-water navigation for steamboats from Pittsburgh to the Virginia line. The HoIIidaysburg Register says that the Ca- nal Commissioners have determined not to charge any toll on goods passing either way on the canal between Duncan's Island and Holli daysburg, until the damages caused by the late flood are repaired. The Vermont Whig Convention have unan'i motisly nominated Silas H. Jenison for Gover nor, and David M. Camp fur Lieut.

Governor. The Convention was attended by seven hurt-dred delegates. The Portland (Maine) Courier says that the Bank oi wes brook was entered on Sunn f. I .1 "7 mwiicy iu J.nnunt upwards or eigiu consisting of $5,478 of its own bills, $800 in specie, and in bills of other banks, was Btolen from its vaults. The perpetrators of this high handed robbery have not as yet been detected.

The steamboat Rochester, which has recently commenced running on Lake Erie, has been supplied with ne hundred Lite Preservers. An attempt was made to burn the chy of vicKsourgun me mgnt ot the 22d ult. Two suspected persons were arrested, one of whom confessed that he had been instigated to the crime by a bribe of fifty dollars. Texas. Peter W.

Grayson has been appoint ed by the President, Minister to the United States, in the place ol Merr.ucan Hunt, resigned. Sixty-secsnd Anniversary of American Independence At a meeting of the Pennsj Ivania Society ol 1 lie Cincinnati, held on the 4ih of July, the following nenilemen were duly elected officers for the ensuing year: President Col. Caleb North. Vice President (Jen. Calender Irvine.

Treasurer Jhn R. Latimer. Assistant Treasurer Jen H. Mark Ian J. Secretary William Jackson.

Assistant Secretary John Louis Barclay. Standing Committee Captain James Glent-werth, Patrick Hayes, Alexander W. Johnston, James S. Caldwell, Thomas M'Euen, John P. Schot', Thomas Robinson.

State of the Washington Monument last btatemeut 12 698 63. Inures: accrued invented in ie 5 per cent. Stock 6-12 27. Toial July 4 1833, Pennsylvania 5 per cent Stock 46. (Frum the tw York Commercial Advertiser of Thursday.) I'OWJSIt CANADA.

uiv, Nil jcis ui aim the Quebec Gazette of Friday. The latter con tains two important public documents, issued bv J.ord Durham. One appointing Vice Admiral Paget, Major C.encnil Mac Doimll, Col Grey, Cotiperand the Hon. Charles Bulk-r a Special Council; and the other making a disposition of the prisoners now in confinement fur treason, and of the parties against whom warrants have been issued, hut who have not been arrested. Wolf red Nelson, It.

S. N. ltouchette, B. Viger, S. Marchcssuult, 11 A.

tiauvin, T. Goddu. It. Des liivieres and L. ff.

Mason, having- acknowledged their treason, are to be to Bermuda, there to remain her majesty's pleasure. Louis. f. Paphau, C. II.

Col 6, J. Gagnon, Rohfrt NeLon E. Ii. OVallatrhan. IC.

K. Itodier. T. S. llrown, Duvernay, K.

Chartier, G. K. Cai t'ier, John livan the elder and John h'yan the younger. I Perratilt, P.P. Ucmaray J.

T. Oa-vignon and Louis Guutier, having tied the province, arc prohibited from returning without permission, under pain of deathas arc also those transported tu Bermuda. All the other prisoners are to be released, on friiug security fur their good behavior, except those charged" with the inurdtr of Lieut. Weir and of Joseph Chartrand. The Courier also states as follows: "We are authorized to state that His Kxoellencv the Governor General is actively engaged in the preparation of measures, which will, as soon as it I may be possible, be embodied in ordinances of the Governor ana Special Council, relative to a jury law, a bankrupt law, the judicial establish ments and municipal institutions for the whole province, general education, the establishment of registry ohHces, and the equitable commuta tion ot feudal tenures." 'he 43d reriment left Montreal on Saturdav ior upper ianacia, ami is io ue replaced by the 24lh, now in the Niagara district.

Sir John Harvey, governor of New Brunswick, arrived afUuebec on Thursday in the Charybdis brig of war. L'Hussier, one of the men charged with the murder of Lieut. Weir, whose escape from prison in Montreal we have already mentioned, has ani eu at Bui lington. The following- is from the Detroit Advertiser of June 30: Tub Sr. Clair Bticc(Eiens Uoutkd.

We learn from the collector of this port that schooner in the service of the buccaneers was captured on Thursday, some few miles below the county sent of St. Clair. Having understood, from the movement in that vicinity, that an ex pedition was on foot, the collector immediately started for the scene of operations. A small force embarked on the steamboat Gratiot, and soon got wind of the piratical craft which, it seems, had been across to the Canada shore, and committed depredations upon the inhabitants. As the Gratiot approached the vessel with a view to compel her to surrender, a brisk firing commenced from the opposite shore.

Finding themselves in peril, the crew of the vessel took the shore and dispersed themselves through the wo uls. The vessel was then taken posses-ion of by the revenue otlicers. I hey found two or three Canadian prisoners the hold, some fittecn barrels of floar which had been plundered, about a dozen stand of aims, and other small matters. The vessel was brought to this to be condemned. One ol prisoners, we understand, was induced to come doA-n, by horn it is thought some impor tant testimony may be laid before the grand jury now in on.

arc advised that most, if not all. the crew ere Canadians. This nromntness on th nari the olhcei-s and citizens of St- Clair, will, it conftdci.tlv ho ed. crush aruxhar of )- incipient piratical expeditions which have from time to time annoyed ojr frontier. or V( i c'ai obvious test of fairness.

Suppose; the i of the United States had depended on our J. findinat out an illegitimate child of the ne- iW. VVhat cpUhet Would he have deemed jstrong in denouncing the conduct of" a So-wncoli charged with ait inquiry into the fact, at the instance of the other party, should thus to trifle with a plain duty? What so fPa P8Pep wou'd he served tip in exposing of Bp'liou9 procedure! And will the people mes States endure that a different un(-(sure of justice shall be dealt out to those jrttinate children, if any exist, who are the terr jec8 'he testator's bounty The into 3 Smithson's will may have brought them Qo(jexistence. The moral guilt may, in the eye of be an( Inan re8t ma'n'v 011 him. And if there children his property is to them but a (Jn'ti nc mu(le(uate atonement.

Shall the to States resort to paltry manojuvring and lC'1 'rom them the estate of a vicious SiJm 'mmoral ancestor in order to carry out cesl? crilt'e pompous notions of that an enV about diffusing knowledge amongst clain' SuPPuse 'hat at any distance of time stew'3 to l'1'8 unc shoulc start up from the of London, Paris or Naples, would the States dare, in the face of the world. that a Decree in Chancery thus to 1 aDGUt was In any Court they would consent to respond a re- plea. They would have to repay principal and Here, then, is indefinitely left open quirv to be prosecuted hereafter by an cerfi oonress, niio wie amours oi riuu- I rd, alias Dickinson, alias de la Batut! 'ave always viewed this Smithsonian be jn with repugnance. It is a rotten basis tuoui1'01 a nioral structure. No mother, looking to the provisions of the ip i could teach her son to bless the founder old him up as an example.

Nor could grateful science ever adore the holy shade of such t- pation. The feast which honesty demands is to apprise the English Court of Chancery of the whole truth and to place the money Bubject to any nw investigation it may order. Xhrc pro- ccedn.gi3j at hest. an unsAltisiactory, ex parte settles, far too summarily, the ques- uun agamsc me cnnuren. nut wtien we further witness an anxious effort to barHe the slight chance which the Court of Chancery afforded them to obtain the benefit of the Will, every sentiment of justice is outraged.

INDEX. FOR THE NATIONAL GAZETTE. STEAM NAVIGATION BY SEA. JiJcssrs. Editors Tiiis subject now presses closely on puDhc attention, and by its successful or sua rous experiments, ia daily challenging popular approval or condemnation.

The fume of the Great Western, or the fate of the Pulaski, alternately ring- in all ears, and the understandings of men are led away captive, as it were, by the mere chances of good or bad fortune that have attended them. With rrost people success only is the criterion of merit; and travellers, having little time to investigate the claims of the most fortunate leader, rashly risk their lives in his train, not reflecting that success itself may be accidental and fugitive; but to be permanent, must proceed from right principles and conduc. The gigantic strides of modern science, the daring flights of genius, creating daily new formations on which to build stdl bolder superstructures, dnzzle and nerplex the minds even of those who are themselves producing these wonders; but the multitude, most ignorant of what they are mo-t assured, are led away in amazemen', lending their lives and fortunes to help on the experiments of and are satisfied with paying if they can only have the prn iiege ot praising or condemning according to their own notions of right or wrong, of which pleasure or profit are thwir only euides. Ac cordmgly we now find the popular voice and the public prints swelling with admiration of En glish, and with execration of American steam packets with every thing right on one side, and every thing wrong on the other; and whilst le illation ia invoked to protect us from our seives, our Angio bason brethren, the mere folio ers in our track as ahip buildersand steam natigttorg, are to be extolled as the only per suns competent to build manage steam ship ht for Americans to travel in. Now if this be the case, that they arc so, then lei the fact be piomulgated and acquiesced in.

The sooner, no matter who is leader, the sooner we adopt the safest and best plan for accomplishing the opp'ci oeuer. Hut a short investigation of the history principles of navigating the ocean bv steam will convince us that no one has as yet attained to the perfection ot ihe art, and that the pe cu ia. in construct ion, management speed and safety which both nations have de veloped in their various experiments with ships and b-mis are all lo be brought to bear tor tli production of improved steamers, hich alone can satiety English or American travellers the deplorable loss of the Pulaski, so frightful hi its results, irom having copper boilers below and only one engine, instead ot iron boilers and two engines mi deck like the Charleston beginning to check the presumption of those who ignorantly give preference of the mode most dangerous ami loudly condemn principles Known oy scicmtuc men to be esiauhshed. experience and the days to come may show thut tubular iron boilers and Anthracite Coal with two engines on deck in a goud stiff vesstl, are, after all, the safest and best mod of navigating by atcam across the Atlantic, and when Philadelphians have sufficient en'erprisc to test the experiment nitli their great ledin(r simple, the public may at last be convinced of their unfounded prejudices, and K've our coal the preference for securing speed as welt as safety. TU BB 3TisuJiii.j II, DIVIDENDS FOB THE LAST SIX MONTHS.

Hank United States, Hank Pennsylvan II atik of North America, Trent jii Banking Co. Cumberland Uank, 4 per cent. 4 3 20 per share. per cent, 5 5 4 American Insurance Co. Union Insurance Co.

Atlantic Insurance Co. Kire Insurance Co. of Ha. Phdad. Fire I.iland Ins.

Co. I'hilad. Saving' los iiution, Southern Loan Co. Franklin icing's Bank, Kensington Savings Institution, Penn'a Co. for Ins: on Lives, Girard Life Insurance Co.

Northern Liberties and Penn 3 1-2 3 12 4 4 4 4 3 12 Township Bad Kiad Co. 3 Lehigh CojI St Nav gain Co. 5 Schm Ikill Permanent BridgeCo. 5 Philadelphia Exchange, 5 From Besnoi Atrks asd Muaxsvi nxo. The ship It mioke.

Captain Harris, arrived here on Tuesday, in 33 dvs fron bringing papers ta Hie 12ih of May. The French squadron continued to enforce rigidly the blockade of Buenos Ayres, and there was no prospect of its being raised. In addition lo this, the Chilians blockads the ports of Peru, and Ueneral Santa Cruz has ordered a similar operation as it regard Valparaiso, to take place on the 18th August ntx. The Montevideo -urnnlf contain a despatch from General Ignacio Oribe to the Minister of War and Marine at Montevideo, stating that on 23d Aprd he had marched towards the encampment of 'die reb-U at Sarandi de ViIUs-boa, who not expecting such a visit precipitate-ty lied; th-ir clref himself (Fructuoso Rivera), with 5jJ men was cljsely ni eased by the vanguard of the government tronpi, and owed his sn'cty to the speed ot his horses; that he cou'd however prevent the dupercon of -rc, which wat.comrdeie. They pursued Ave lca irs at fuii gallop, and 15 men.

wh.cb nu nber 13 were killed and two to Tlie Senate Bill for Preserving the lives of Travellers in Steam Vessels, and the Ilarhnr Bill, were passed in the House of Kepresentatives on Thursday; as also the Bill repealing the Express Mail Line. The Fourth of July, notwithstanding: the intolerable heat of the weather, was marked with abundant festivity. The Whigs dined on Windmill Island with appropriate ceremonies, and evinced a becoming regard for the day, expressing joy and gratitude for the changed and bright prospects ef the country. The President of the day was Mr. J.

U. Fisher. Addresses were made by Messrs. YV. White, T.

Connell, F. K. Hrews- icr, etc. The Temperance Festival was numerously attended, but the good order of Us proceedings was marred in a single instance, much to the regret ot the re spectable and moral company present. The speakers were Mr.

J. Ingersoll; Rev. Mr. Ide, of Boston; Judge Conrad and Mr. Hunt.

Mr. Hunt made in his remarks personal allusions to Judge Conrad, and from this sprang the disturbance whichfdeiracted from the interest of the proceedings. Volunteer companies and numerous clubs in every variety of fancy dresses and equipments paraded with bands of music. The custom of supend-ing business for the day was observed to an extraordinary extent. In Baltimore the military paraded fine ly, and there was a grand procession of the menus ot the Temperance cause.

In New York, there was a military display, less brilliant than usual, as it was curtailed of the attendance of the New Jersey troops. The crowd which attended to hear the address of Mr. Forrest before a Van Buret meeting, was, according to the Post, prodigious, and was entertained with at discourse in which the princi- pls of democracy were beautifully illus-trateu and er'(rced." We ask the attention of our readers to the article signed Vindex in to-day's gazette, on the subject of the Smithsonian bequest. It is from one of the ablest minds in the country, and presents a strongstate-ii; nt which places that business in a singular and unfortunate light, rendering evident in our opinion that the honor of the country forbids the acceptance of the legacy under the circumstances through which it was obtained. We for one shall raise our voice along with our correspondent against receiving it, utiles? the unfairness and uncertainty which are now at' I.

1 I. i r- i taciieu io me irausacuon oe tuny re moved. The Commencement of Rutgcr's College will take place on the 18th inst. The President announces that Mr. A.

H. Everett will deliver an oration on the occasion. The Lynchburg Virginian, Norfolk Herald, Richmond Compiler and other distinguished Virginian prints, are remarkable for the libera), earnest and able manner in which, ihey combat the sectional dogmas of poitions of the South. An esteemed friend hits handed us the following remarks, which we suggest as psiriuiuhirly worth the attention of the editor of the Delaware State Journal: Jhs-rs. Etiiors I saw in your pMper last cvemng an extract from a Wilmington paper comptttiniiifj of a bill now before Congress fur creeling New Castle into a port entry.

The editor denouncing ihe measure as one dsign-ed to creates new office for some political dependent, and not as intended to promote the public ffuod. If I mistake not the Chamber of Commerce of this city petitioned for this bill upon the princ pie that New Catle being made a port of entry, the merchants of Philadelphia tntglit, in the inter season, whilst the river De 1 luwaie was obstructed by ice above, discharge "and h'ad their vessel, and transmit their carrots by the rail road which uo' extends from Philadelphia to Wilmington, -hich, it is hoped, win uenMc mng nave a io.u connecting AViIminirton an 1 New Caatle, which are only four or five miles apart. sucn a rati road, and with ft custom house at New Ca-itfe, access between Philadel phia and the acen r.eed never be obstructed A FKIKND TO COMMERCE There is in the Jew York Star a defence of the custom of issuing Sunday Newspapers, or rather of a certain print issued on that day. ttno omnes. It is our opinion that there is no use whatever for a publication of the kind on the IS abba th.

It is indeed a pity if the community, with six days to read daily newspapers, morning and evening, requires a fcheet on the seventh, which is considered as consecrated to higher objects than wordly affairs. Such an innovation on i the tastes and feelings of the public should be discountenanced as worse than useless. It is urged in defence of the scheme lhat the sheet is printed during the week: it is clear then as a newspaper all the information it can give beyond that contained in an afternoon paper of Saturday, is what transpires or is to be gleaned during the afternoon, which maybe nothing at all, or at best a postscript So that, christian observances and requirements aside, the enterprize offers no novelty. We will answer lhat if the news of any very stirring event reached the town on a Sa turday night or Sunday morning, mouth information can satisfy the appetite of in terest or curiosity during one day. As for the religious fanaticism to which th Star alludes, would to heaven it abounded more than it docs.

Better that than the hundreds of taverns, the rude oaths, the uismal evidences of ostentations, braze immorality, that are encountered in our streets to the dishonor and defilement of the land. Ws learn frem the morning papers that arrangement hive been made for the conveyance of pasf ngt-rs around the breach in the Penn sylvan- Ci ial, oceaiifne by the lu'e flood in the tike stsg-s at djybur to Ilttntingdjn, a distance of onl twenty 'cs, over a good turnpike roa t. The passage between poims is le ii day light both ways. The lint hti also made arrangements for th carrying of abound the breach, th no deSy occttr- he conveyance of fithei e''it cr to in the i The discussion ws resumed to-day. As soon as the Speaker declared the state of the matter, Mr.

GRANT, of N-vv York, demanded ihe Previous Question, which was sustained by a large majority the Whigs generally voting it. The vote was, Ayes 119. Nays 39. This, of course, cut off all the amendments, and the question was put directly, on ordering the bill to be engrossed and read a third time. This was canied in the affirmative.

Ayes 138. Nays Mr. CAMPBELL, S. then took the floor, and after a few remarks moved to recommit with instructions to add certain amendments but the motion waa promptly rejected; and the hill was finally passed and sent to the Senate for concurrence in the amendment adopted. Never, surely, did amendment better deserve the name.

It struck out from the bdl its ob iectionable feature its disgraceful character I ought to soy for it is di-graceful to any set ol men. that, in such a country as this, they should be readv to lav down all law at the feet. of, Executive. It left the Bill in the shape of a smule proposition to remove the Five Dollar Restriction, so far as to allow until the first of October next, the receipts ol notes or banks which have issued bill under five dollars. When it came back to the Senate, Mr.

WHIGHT mseif moved to concur in the amendment of the House. And aft el some remarks from Mr. WEBS TER and a few words from Mr. CLAY, the question was taken on concurring with the House, and carried in the affirmative. Ayes 29 nays The bill having passed both houses only requires the approval of the President, in order to become a law.

During the morning ihe Chair presented a communication from the Secretary of Ihe Treasury, covering a report in relation to weights and measures. Mr. CLAY presented a memorial from certain citizens of Westmoreland, Virginia, remonstrating against the Sub Treasury System, and praying for the establishment of fl National Bank. Laid on the table and ordered to be printed. After some unimportant proceedings in reference to private bills, Mr.

WHITE reported the bill from the House to provide for the or ganization of the Department of Indian Affairs, which, after some debate, was ordered to be engrossed and read a third lime. 1 he Senate then look up the unt resolution authorizing the publication of the Madison papers, with an amendment appropriating five thousand dollars for the object, and passed it without a thvci-m. i Mr. BEN I ON reported a bill fur the in crease ot the military establishment or tne United States, as amended by the House. The amendments were concurred in, and the bill Was passed.

The remainder of the day was spent in the consideration of private bills. DIED, On Thursday evening, Joatru D. inrant soil; of A. H. Julian, Merchant, aged 6 months.

In Albanv, on Monday, in the 26 year of her age, Elle of Rufus ng, and daughter ot Robert Elliot. There was an as'emb'ac of amiable and at trac'ive qualities in Ihe character of this lamented lady hich renJered her the favorite of hr friends while she lived, and which, now that she is gone, they will delight to embalm in their moat cherished recollections. Thtre was a gentleness that always soot tied; a cheerfulness that always smiled; a simplicity that always charmed; a patience tiiat endured quietly the severest sufferings; snd a disinterested and generous spirit lhat lost sight even of her own comfort in the desire to prumole the happiness of those around her Pur a considerable lime previous to her death, her aliections had been gradually withdrawn from this world, an 1 her mind had been chefly engrossed by the great objec is and interes's of the world to come. 1 he hope of final accepince, she often declared, rested entirely on her merits; and in His keeping- she was willing to leave the interests of her immortal spirit. She closed a pro'raci-ed and most distressing illness by sinking calmly into the arms of death, in te sweet hope of being- made a conqueror of Djath at last through the Resurrection and the Life.

May her afflicted friends gratefully appreciate ihe coiicolatiun which is mingled in their cup of sorrow, and submissively and meekly acknowledge a Father's hand in this overwhelming bereavement. Albany Evening Journal. SALES UP STOCKS THIS DAY, Mt the Philadelphia Stock and Exchange Hoard, 1000 D.afi on Nw York, I00j 5500 Stale Fives, 183-i, lOt' 100 100 tut) nres u. a. nana, shires Pennsylvania Bank.

500 shares Girard Bank, 35 do do 5J 7 shares Kentucky Bank, 95 SI do do sha es Unhm Bk, Term. SO aha res Vickuburg bank, 83J 20 du 83 1 400 60 ICO 100 100 70 do do 8of share) AnniiitT, 14 shares irard 'Trust PS shares M. T. Loan, J9 shares Philsd. Loan, IIS an 20 100 $476 6 Lehigh Sizet, 1845, SALKS AT NEW YORK July S.

15 snares united Mates Bans, 875 shares Del. bt Hid inn Ctnai, 50 snares Yicksburg Uank, 5 ihni'ei Planters Uitnk, Tenn. 3VO siiarei Kentucky Bank, shares Mohawk Hail Road, 195 shares Patterson Rud Koad, 6t-() shares Harle-Ti Hail Road, 5 shares N. ,1. Rail Road fci T.

Co. 1 hrM Strminetfm Ksil Rond, 119 1(94 SO 99 95 72 7i 5J C'l 67 6fif It'a 51 5W I OUT OF PHILADELPHIA. Mt DAT, Jri.x 6 With, itis aiteruoun 54m ARRIVED, Barque EHs Ilaod, Msihieu, todays from O'lfana. wiib nidzfi. to Joseph Hand, and lOO.UoO lotiars to she ii.

S. Bank Passengers, Mrs. J. Sirawbrulge, Miss Sarah Strawbritfge, Miss Matil da Hepburn, Mrs. Soaring, Mr.

Uehrr Seririf r. V4uenm, laay ana uiree cniioren, j. Wilson, sad sis in ihe steerage. Sailed from the Pats on the 81 June in co. vita ship Casron ne.

for Havre, and brie J- Palmer, for York. Lst 27 15. loo SO 14, spoke brig Leon ide, Irom navana tor Hamburg, data out. tlrig Oak, Bjder, 6 d-ys from Boston, viih oiftzii io Grant Stone. Scitr Driver, Tatlor, 4 days from Charleston, with ze to Joseph Hsnd.

Sthr Cona eiiatiun, Prife, WiroiogToo, NC. 4, lumber, Pa ion. Adelai Janv, Yrtf, Savannah, cotton. Schr Purdv, Irons, lndi-a Kfer, 4, shingles. Oi l.

SI. Sraitb, Smith, Cbarlestoa, ndtt, rmer Patts. B-Se Porpoise, Smi.b, New Y.k, 36 boirs, m'Ue, Merchants' Line. CLEARED. B-'Ifi White Oik, Smith, New York, Arnaar Tittoa, MEMORANDA.

Brir Mjdici imx. from Rio Janeiro. May, arrived al Ba-isvor idocsdsy. At th ments have been framed with all the brevhj compatible with the essential object of I Court's decree. 1 have caused to be ca-utf kept from them any mention of h-m'uljj "of property bequeathed, and every ejM respecting th nature of Mr.

Smitf ent This course seems best ada against the risk of raising spurious claim- ants or combination "country, to with Me ri ht 'Gj- th Unittd ii wncreny aimougn ineir ultimate re Govery of the fund might not be prevented, great delays might be interposed." And again he says to Mr. Forsyth: It was my wish to avoid these advertisements altogether, not simply on account of expense, which would have been a good reason of itself, but fur the more important one hinted in my last, viz hinted in my last "their possible tendency to raise up fictitious "claimants; but my tu'uh could not prevail "against the kxvhks Ohdeh of the Couit of "Chancery, under which they were insert- ed." Now, if this had ever reached the eye of the Chancellor would he not have indignantly vacated the whole proceedings' The inquiry after illegitimate children demands, from its very nature, the widest scope. It is not necessary that the chid should have been recogtiized by the deceased parent. It is sufficient to make out the impure paternity. Knowledge upon this subject is not to be sought amongst the most respectable portion of the community.

And, yet, all that an untutored solicitor would have put into an advertisement all that was calculated to make a nine day's wonder all that might stimulate curiosity or arouse cupidity to eager research all tnis is anxiously suppress ed by Mr. flush. The intereitsof Justice were that an illegitimate child should be found. Th was the object of the Court of Chancery. The interests which Mr.

isli represented were, as he supposed, that this public notice should be nugatory and unavailing. And he contrives that the hcitors, who are officers of the Court, and on whose honor and gnod fai'h and sharp responsibility the Chancellor implicitly relies should become instrumental in baiH ng the great purpose of the order. What honest Judge would toltrte a hollow apology about guard agiinst Jittttiuus claims The Sohcitors.on such an exposure, would be in- btintlv struck from th Roll. un r.tpd anorehension mieht be urird in inv rs. Ii i on A ..,1 Mr.

Hush's anxious wish a expressed by him Belf. As the order could not be disobeyed it must oe evaded. We must bear in mind aa an element of calculation, that the very phraseology of lim Will implies and countenances an unblushing Ux ty of morals on all sides. Mr: Smithson deliberately provides a temptation to prospective con-cubinvge on the part of his nephew A splen did income aua'its any issue that might be born ol guilt and shame, ml the Uaiied autcs aie to come in oiy the failure of s.ich issue. appears lhat, under the provis oii of this Will, Mr.

Hungenord lived six years in the en-jy merit of the income knowing tiow the principal po at his death if ha left no ofTsorin On turning- to the (p. 16) ii is apparent in every irne, to what an auua-ciaui extent the effort at conceal nen: ha been carried. We have seen that the testator himself, in describing his nephew, is driven to an Henry James Hungerford my nephew former ly called Henry James Dickinson." Thus the earlier years of the nephew's lite passed under the name of Dickinson. And it appears by Mr. Hush's oun statement luted, lhat the Inter yearn of his life, during which he enj iyed the income of Smithson's estate, and when the terms of the Will formed an incentive to concubinage he passed under the name of dr It Batut.

Yet both Vie names are "carefdlv" concealed by the United States Aent. He gives only a name which hd been borne intermediately be tween the other two. We knuwjiot for what length ot time it had been tlui borne, but the uncle himself waa not con'ent with it a de signation. And if tc deemed it insufficient to identify a member of his own family, how could it be thought sufficient to impart popular information? The very fact of scarding a name implies an indisposition to promulgate it unnecessarily amidst new associations. Additional strength is imparted to this consideration when the ctunge ot name, on the psrt of the nephew, evidently had reference to sureness at his own orifin.

He finally took his mother's name, dt la Batut because lie knew that he had no legitimate claim to any other. Hungerford. hich is ne oniy name suiiered to go into the advrr-Uement, was njt the name of either father or mother. Mr. says he "caused to be cirff tlly kept from the advertisements every tmn respecting the nature of JSfr Smithson's will Tne con sequence is, that nothing appers in them to indicate that an illegitimate chdd ot the nephew was an object of pursuit.

Suppcas one of them to nave met the eye of suzh a chdd and its friends on the continent; they would know. beuld, that by the laws of England there was no claim. This advertisement, referring to legal and no intimition ot a will, they would infer that a journey to England was uselets, and would only blazon the shame of an in oure origin. But this is not all. There ia not merely sup-pressio veri.

The advertisement is so framed a pmiivdi to exclude (he idea that an illegitimate ctuid was sought lor. it a-Hicus information ai whether Henry Jjmes Hungerford is living or aeaii, anil it deaa when he died and whe-" ther he was married or unmarried at the time of his decease; and, lv Miinns, whether he left any children or child, him surviving, and the agts ofsucA children, if more than one." l'tiu the broadest provision of the Wili is tie- ativtd by this advertisement. A child would learn from the adver.isement that the mr- of big piren's was art ind.speasable pre- rqu site to any claim. Auidkt such glaring inttsncet of unfirnes is scarcely worth wude to notice lhat the advertisement Rives no tr.tnnttion as to w'ty ths oq-tiry mJe. it ea oat even say it the jersoni sought for will hear of sometn ng to heir advantage." The object iray be to the njt far ot Trieste; Henry, vv WHll! rich, from Guayama; DimOD, Sherman, fm Chart' es-ton; Br.

brig Bee, Card, from Windsor, Planet, Duncan, from do; Dutch galliut Hrmoniav Povrell.Mrnm Rotterdam; Sp. schr Esperance, tron)St. Juan, Cuba; schrs Glid Hrown tin Tub so; Gil Bias, Seeley, fiom leathers Cleared, Br. brig Ueirenoh, Morriiorff Quefcecj Br. schr Sir Huwaid Douglass, Best, Windsor, UNIVERSITY or PENNSYLVANIA- COLLEGIATE DEPARTMENT.

AN examination ot Applicants for Ad minion into ihejCollege be held oq Tbors day, the T2tb inst. at half past 9 o'clock, A. when the candidates will present themselves. HENRY REED, jy 6: Secretary ot the Keuliy ot Arts. POU SALE On TO LE A four story house in Spruce street, fourth house east of Broad street, aotrh sldei the lot 18 by 100 feet deep to a 20 feet wide inquire of ROBERT WEST, Chestnut street near Schuylkill Sixth street, nortii ifJe jy HAZLE TON COAL.

rjlHE Hszleton Coal Con pAny having estsbliihed fl. a very convenient Coal Yard on Odk street between Cnutes and Broirn, are prepared to supply orders for that article ot the usual varieties as to size, and at ihe regular prices of the season. The excellent quality ot the liazleton Coal will recommend it to consumers, and the convenience of the wharf tor shipping affords inviting facilities to those who wiih to coiitrxct by the carpo. Apply at the Cunpany'i Office, No. 51 south Tiiiru street, or to Thomas Cithnghana, Agent, at the yard.

SW1UEL MOOKE, jy 6.frnwlm President Haletnn Coml Co. A LA HUE KOtniTOLEl rjTlHE third story of boost; No. i7 Mirket street fl, above Eighth; it hs the convenience of a hoist-inK machine, and is very capacious. It may be divided into two or three rooms, and will be rented very luw enquire at No. 34 BJUtn Head street, iv '6 Delaware and Hudson Canttl Co.

Stock Un SATURDAY, the 7h day of July, at idi o'clock, i at (he Mercliaots old account of whom it mav coneero. shakes oi Uiaware and Hudson until Company Stock. U1C11UUS Cc BISPHAM, jy 6.d Auctioneers. MBEKMAN'S BANK. KVV Hundred Dollars of the notes of the i all above Bank be nurchvied, if offered iie- incdiatcly, at f(iriy-live ctuts on the dollar, by KUdEltl ktiCKNKLL, jy 6 Mil 70 south Third street.

SUI TABLE tor Bathing Capt, Hut Lining, lie. Also, siiierflne tig It Merinos and i hi bet Cloihs, sunabic for travelling dresses. T. SHARPLESS K- SON, "rotii No. ai south Kd street.

MElilNOS Just mceiveit, a fresh invuice ot 6 4 Merinoi, gapcrinr ialitv and assorted colors For sale by W- M'KEE fit CO. jv strtet. US31A fLX ill bundle, lui lue bl 6 till ANT (J STONE, II so. wharvrp. REU PADDINGS.

8 BALES 3 4 an.l 6 4 Red Padding, bright to lr, just received and for sale iy vv EE CO 18 Chestnut sf. FIXE'ArPLE CHEESE. A FKli.SH supply of Pine Apple Cbeeie, rich and verv Sue flavorrd, just received anJ lor sale by BALDWIN in COLTON, jy 6 2i4 Market a', above S. side. SnJUCAhT WINK(pks7forlTby jy 6 CK fet hTOMC, II sn.

whsivei. I itU LhKNS, cc 1 uh ol ihe best bleaches, lawns, ctmbrius, hdkta and other linen it E.N M. HOLLI NSHEAD, No 14 ninh 6lh street. WHITE JAMAICA GIXGER. yf CASES white Jamaica (iitiger, a verv supe-d 4 rior article for family uic, lor sale by lb ease or single pound, bv BALDWIN CULTOV, jv 6.

No. 344 Market st, abose 7th, S. aide. LAKH HKJ ke Lard, lor sle by jy fi i i Vht TO 1 1 so. barves.

tlLLH) Manufacturing C'i's 4-4 browi- Cottons i an invoice of there moerior goods, sow laudmc and for sale by SPELLING Ai CO. ly 61 and uih Cront street. iL FLA NNELS. turn. ilk vv VUsscauic "3 and "other Shining Flannels, imported and American Silk Shirts and BEN J.

M. HOLL1NSHR AD, jv No 14 north 6th srreet. HUPS lit, 51 ati'l Ke uie borl flops, Inspection, for 91 bv Jaqucs IT AS I I ONR, II so. wharves. UKKSI'ONhS-lO 0 Harr Stones for sale by (iKNTHS TO 1 1 so.

harvea. Indian History and Biogr3phy, No 9. W. GWKtNwttiH, No. 5 Mi-IL nor street, will publish on Tuesday, the Ith inl.

Indian Hislory aud Sirgrsphj, No. 9, beinf ilie first amber of volume second, containing Frontispiece fiunimr; the BurTa'o. S. Opa hie Yortolo, a Creek Chief. S.

Yob of f-M-jeco, a Crt-rk Chief. 4 Mit'inpee, a Cre-k liny. 5. Paddy Carr, Creek Interpreter. 6.

Timp ochee i3arnard, a Cehre Warrior, inlv 6-fit IJF.O'ATLY published and lor sale by the sub i-w. senber Notes on the Western States, bv Jude; Hall. Reply to the Northern American Ueview. Lv Jude Hail. Mini mary prists in the soaih Sea Island.

Jsm a's Christian Professor. I. lie ol hitfie d. Miss Jewthury'a Letters to the Various Araericao rdiiinns ct the Bible. Far at very reduced priera.

Also, Viuon' American Orpnholf, wtb 76 plend.U ei.graT.i j. AltKlbON HALL, i 6 7 Fminh arret. Abetters fr I'a 'rnvra and i.onie. fCS trhe Fall ut Palmyra, kiditneil rOmtace. in tellers of Lociui M.

'torn i'aimt ra. ia his trtt-nd Msrtus Curttus lanr. in is Aio. Prr-tiu. or Rome in the third eer.turv- ia Lcri-rs, r.

Lictus M. Piso, from Home, to Faucis. uhier ot dracchus, at Painty ra, two vu- iqmea. forsa'c by jy O. L.

CAUtl a A HT. country. Mr. MKNEFFjL commented with remarkable spirit and force on this extraordinary speech of the Executive organ in the House. 1 he mistakes of Mr.

Cambreleng financial laws were as conspicuous us his blunders about the finances of tlie country. If, Raid he, the Deposit act operates as a perpetual prohibition agaimt the employment of banks lhat have suspended specie payments, why do. you wish to repeal it? If it be a nullity, why repeal it' In that case it should be effectually exterminated, without consuming our precious time on further action. But, Mr. Memflee argued that such a statement was an utter perversion of the fact, and he quoted from the late report of Mr Wright in answer to Webster's resolution of inquiry, to show that the Chairman of the Senate's Committee of Finance, had come to conclusions exclly the reverse of Mr.

CambrelengN; and had set forth that it was in the competency of the Secretary, to employ certain hanks as depositories. This opinion, Mr. Wright expressed, after a careful survey of the whole Act, and (added Mr. Menefee, turning directly to Mr. Cambreleng,) how much soever your opinion may transcend your financial brother's in the other House, it must be admitted you are issue.

There is a difference in the Camp of Israel. Mr. Menefee then exposed in a lucid and effectual manmr, the effects of repealing Ihe Act, in placing the whole reasure of the country at the discretion of the Executive: in the custody of persons who would be hi instruments and agents and not officers of the Uw; and denounced the presentaUon of the measure, after such unequivocal expression of opinion, as flagrant and unmixed insult to the House. Mr. LEGAUB of S.

opposed the bill in a short, rapid and energe'ic speech. Here, he said, you propose to sacrifice in an ins' ant, your whole financial system without debate wi ll out deliberation without exam mat itn and under the pressure nf the Previous ieslio (Mr. Ciishman the Headsman had tried several timrs to get the floor tor the purpose of applying his axe.) It was so great an innovation (continued Mr. Legare,) that one of my colleagues in another branch of Congress, blenched before it, (he alluded to Mr. Calhnun;) that gentleman opposed it because of the tremendous acceeio.i tu Executive patronage and power, which it made because it went lo build up a system of Discretion which would control men, and never could be controlled by men.

He referred to a cabuid remark from Mr. Cambreleng, about the issue being between a National Bank and a Sub-Treasur He denied it. The true issue was between one Uauk of the United States, to be governed by commer men, with reference tu the wants and con venience of ttie community, and another Hank to be governed by tlie Secretary ot the i rea' sury and hts feliow-pohticians! 'lhat is ih issue. Sir, I am not to be frih ened by any painted Devil tlie gentleman may exhibit am not id raid of being charged with covert in tensions to establish a National Bank, but I here say, I am more against this ltd), lhaii such an institution. Mr.

Leuare concluded with a mu' tiou to refer the Bill to the Committee on Ways ami Means. Mr. WISE satd he had remained at 8 post till he siw the Sub-Treasury dead, and, a lie ihouKftt, consigned to the tonrtb forever. Bji he had suddenly received a summons, while in neighboring place, calling him back lay again the ghost of that infamous measure, which had ht-en raised, as it by the wand ol the ilch of r.nuor. He commented sharply on the inconsistent and absurd remarks of Mr.

Cambreltnj. If (as Mr. Cambrelcn? alleged) the Djpusit Act esta blished the Sub- Treasury, why was ttiat mea sure again introduced Did the Chancellor'1 think the members of the opposition so young ana ignorant, as nut lo know that this proposi is a cat in the meal' The supporters of the Sub-Treasury, Mr. Cambreleng had said, were stronger than their opponents. Aye, said Mr.

Wise, and wh why are you strongest? because you have the power and the discretion; and the patronage. vou now propose to enlarge You have ttie strength of one msn against the manv. You are strongest only as the Executive ii stronger than the People! Mr. Wise said he would accept the issue Mr. Cambreleng presented.

Hs was for a National Bank which would be a hand of the law, to keep and giard the public treasure. The tssue was between such an Institution, and placing the public treasure in the hand. of the Ee u-tive. He was ready io take his position at once fur ihe hand of the law. Wtien Mr.

Wise sat down, there ws great competition the fl jor. Mr. CUS II MAN of Ne Ha-npshire, at Ut obtalne-l it; and de manded the Previous (-jesiion. Tne cail was nut sustained. A3 soon as the result wm an.

nounced, loud of 4 question! were he-iid on all des. But Mr. DUNCAN of Ohio got the floor, and sp-jke till the reces; nd two mortal hou attera'U, in pecu liar stjle of noisy irrelevancy. He was inter-, rupted several times by cH to order. Yet he held on it i red, wearing down the patience ot he House.

Wnen at lat he his oration. Mr. LEGAHE rose and withdrawing his motion fur reference, moved io strike out the second seo lion of the Bill being that prt hict repeals the iJpp'isite Act. Several attempts were made cut r.rT this amendment by calls for the Pre- ious leition, but ihey all tailed; and the se cond section was finally struck out by the tri unphant vote of Ayes 119, Nays 100 So the Houe hod deprived the measure la oniy ad feature. Tne remainder was good in iue f.

it not good er.ough. Mr. CL Kl'lS moved to amend, bv interline a second sec' ion, a proposition exactly aimt- to that introduced into the brni by Mr. Webster to take off the dquil fi cation frcro he Biihs vbscQ Have issue notes under hve.

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