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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 29 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Dally News Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevillo Herald THH DOMINANT ygwaPAPSB OP SOUTHEAST ARKANSAS AMD gOWTHBAOT MM8OOTW BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, APRIL 24, 1958 SIXTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE Allies Seek Extension Of Prisoner Exchange 40 More Yanks Returned; Truce Talks are Delayed By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM (AP) — The United Nations today sought an indefinite extension of the exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of the Korean War as 40 more Americans returned to freedom. I The 40 brought the total of Amer icans liberated in the past five days to 119—one short of the 120 promised originally by the Reds. However, in keeping with a promise made Thursday, the Com munists said 17 more Americans would be included in the 100 Allied troops returned Saturday. The Reds paid four more British, foul Turks and 75 South Koreans also would be exchanged then. The Reds have returned 500 Allied prisoners, as scheduled. They have received 2,499 Communist disabled, including 700 Chinese at rate of 500 a day except for today, when one North Korean refused to return. See I'OW List on Page 13 The U. N. will return 500 more Reds Saturday. •In another tent at this neutral zone, liaison officers met for the second time this week. The Communists asked a one-day postpone- 'ment of the* resumption of full- scale armistice negotiations which had been slated for Saturday. They said there were administrative reasons and Rear Adm. John C. Daniel, chief U. N. liaison officer, readili' agreed, Can Expect Increase Ke promised the Reds they could expect "an,increase over our original estimate" of 5,800 Red sick and wounded to be returned. The Communists promised to give back "all" Allied sick and wounded, including those captured recently. Daniel told the Communists that under the Geneva Convention, return of sick and wounded prisosei . was intended to be a continuing process. "We note with gra tif ication,'' said, Daniel, "the indication givn by your side*. . . that all sick and injured captured-personnel in your custody will be repatrinted under the current agreement' without regard to the previous estimates which you have furnished. "I should like to reiterate thai this is in complete accordance with our previous request that the most liberal criteria be used in determining eligibility .... Our side is following this practice. We anticipate that it will result in u.s. shTps Brave Fire, Save Wounded By FORREST EDWARDS SEOUL l.fl—Four U. S. warships steamed through a bombardmen from Communist shore batteries today in a bold operation to rescue wounded men from an Allied- held island at the entrance to Won- san harbor. There was no report whether the ships were hit or whether thi mission was successful, but the Navy said the ships and supporting Navy Pantherjets silenced the Red guns. The ships were the light cruiser Manchester and destroyers Owen, Henderson and Epperson. increase over our original estimate." The Communists issued no formal statement in the eight-minute meeting. The U. N. Command holds an estimated 200 more Chinese sick and wounded, above the 700 already repatriated. The number of extra North Koreans is not known to correspondents. Prompt Return Daniel said after the meeting that if a wounded soldier should be captured now, he would be returned readily under the Allied * * # Inside Today's Courier News . . . Chicks finish second in district track meet . . . O'Neill and Phillies eye National League pennant . . . Sports . . . Page 9 ... . . . Society news . . Page . . . Prisoner of war list . . . Page 12 ... . . . Markets . . . Page 3 ... . . . What's new on wax . . . Record Shop . . . Page .2 . . proposal for a continuing exchange. Similarly, Daniel said, if a prisoner is taken ill while in a prison camp he would be eligible for repatriation. The process, if fully adopted, could open the way for a much larger exchange of sick and Wounded. The fifth day of prisoner ex- See POVVs on Paste 3 * * # More Americans Teii Of Red Deaf /I'M arches By ROBERT EUNSON FREEDOM VILLAGE (AP) — Some Americans captured early in the Korean War came back today, bringing bitter memories of' a val- ey where 260 of 300 U. N. prisoners died . of a long march which claimed 400 lives . . . and of more than two years of misery. In the air, Capt. Joseph McConnell, a Sabre jet pilot from Apple Valley, Calif., was credited with downing his 10th Red MIG to become the Allies' fifth double jet ace. He also damaged another. Another MIG was damaged by 2nd Lt. Douglas A. Lockwood Jr. of Winter Haven, Pla., the Air Force said. Along the 155-mile front, AUied foot soldiers an Red troops tangled in bitter, small-scale fights. $1.5 Million Bid ' On Osceola Plant OSCEOLA m — An apparent low bid of one and a half million dollars for construction of a huge textile finishing plant here was announced yesterday. The bid was submitted by Ditmar-Dickman and 'Pickers Construction Co.. of Little Rock. H. H Dlckman gave the approximate estimate in Little Rock, explaining that final details on the contract are being worked out. Dickman said work will get under way In about two weeks after sign- Ing of the final contract. Estimated cost of the plant and its machinery was announced at six million dollars when plans for Its construction were revealed three weeks ago. Most of the Americans freed yesterday by the Reds had been •ecerftly wounded. But many of .he 40 who came back today were :he "old boys" swept up in the fall >f 1950. Time hadn't dimmed their mem- »ry of death marches over frozen ^orth Korean highways, of hunger, irutality and poor medical treatment. And one returning prisoner old of tiny cages where men were lunished "for just saying things out of the way at Communist lectures.' 1 The men were pale and some were emaciated. They limped or were carried from Communist ambulances. But even the most seriously hurt tried to smile and answer questions during this first stop on their long trip home. Today's group of 40 Americans was the biggest returned by the Reds since the exchange began Monday. It boosted to 119 the number liberated. Some said they were treated all right. But Pfc. Wayne Huebener o Franklin, N. H., found his captor brutal. He related in a calm voice: "I have actually seen only oni man killed. One of our fellows v,'a.^ carrying him and sort of went ou of his head. The man fell off this guy's back and we tried to help him up again. He couldn't get up A Chinese guard hit him in the back with the butt of his rifle and pushed him off the mountain side. Huebener was captured April 25 1951. He said he was Buffering from skin disease and bad teeth 400 Died In March Another soldier told of a death march in which 400 captives of the Communists died. Pvt. Paul E Clements, 24. from Indianapolis said the death, march took, place in tl-e bitter cold between December 3-26, 19SO. "About 1,200 started out," he said, "and close to 400 died." Clements said the men died from the bitter cold and wounds. Clements was captured Nov. 30, 1950. He aid the men had only field jackets and thin fatigue clothes—American winter supplies had not reached the front. It was then that the United Nations was rushing pell mell toward the Yalu River. Clements said he thought the Americans on the march died mostly because of their physical condition rather than from the cruelty of the Red guards. Clements had shrapnel wounds in one leg when he made the march. He looked in good condition today. Asked if the Reds made any attempt to indoctrinate him, he See ATROCITIES on Page 3 Council Passes Base Bond Issue Ordinance A HAPPY GREEK — Heavily bearded Chletzos Konstantinos, of Llmnos, Greece, shed of his Communist prisoner uniform and wearing a complete new issue of UN clothing, walks with a cane as he clutches a small bundle of belongings as he leaves a helicopter at the 121st evacuation hospital near Seoul, Korea. Konstantinos was among the group in the first day of the historic transfer of prisoners at Panmunjom. (AP Wirephoto) MacArthur Says in Letter — Strike at Red China May Force Peace By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON (AP) — Gen. Douglas MacArthur declares that U. S. threat to strike at Red China might force Russia to settle the Korean War "and all other pending global issues on equitable terms." Vigorously renewing the contro- 'ersial program which led in part iO his ouster by former President Truman as the Allies' Far East commander, MacArthur said in a etter made public today: "We still possess the potential :o destroy Red China's flimsy industrial base and sever her tenu- ms supply lines from the soviet . . . "A warning of action of this sort son in Highway s Kiiledby By LEON HATCH LITTLE ROCK rAP) - The State Highway Commission today offl dally canceled 16 million dollars worth of proposed projects which had been programmed by the last commission. * The former commission had con templated that all of the job. Savings Oil Co. Opens Service Station Here The Savings Oil Co. Service Sta- ion on south Highway 61 here is s holding its grand opening today and tomorrow. Silas Ray of Blytheville will be manager of the new station. He vas associated with other stations here before joining Savings Oil Co. With headquarters' in Tupelo, VIlss.. the company operates stations in Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee and Alabama. It has operated a station in Osceola for the past five years. The station will carry a line of seat covers and Armstrong tires. Easter Seal Drive Equals 1952 Results Final reports tn the Easter Real campaign to raise funds for aiding crippled children show that contributions of $2.543.94 resulted in equaling last year's campaign total. Although the campaign ended Easter, additional returns brought the total contributions to last year's level. John Mayes, chairman of the Mississipl County Chapter of the Arkansas Association for the Crippled, and Mrs. Oscar Fendler. Easter seal drive chairman, today thanked contributors for supporting the campaign. The drive this year was sponsored by members of the Blytheville Junior Auxiliary who reported the following • totals: $162.36 from coin containers. Mrs. R. A. Porter, chairman; $116.68 from schools, Mrs. Joe Pride, Jr.. chairman; duplicati bridge benefit, S115: and $588.84 rom Lily Parades, Mrs. Robert G McHaney, chairman. Amounts previously reported by Mrs. McHaney were S33.8! from Wilson, and $34.82 from the Osceola Junior Progressive Club. One of the last contributions received this week was S4.30 from the New Bethel Baptist Church mem- would be built without federal nid Programing of a project does not necessarily mean that the job will materialize. In the past, at least, it mean merely that the project was placed on an agenda for future construction. Sometimes this construction never took place. Highway Commission Chairman Raymond Orr cancellation of emphasized that the program did iers. ' "In expressing our thanks," said Vlr. Mayes, "we speak not only for Arkansas Association for the he crippled, but on behalf of the crip- iled children whom you are helpinj o lead happy, useful lives.' As a result of last year's seal ampaign, purchase of equipment nd renovating of the building for Lange School for Exceptional Chil- ren. at which Auxiliary members o full-time volunteer work, was ossible. Continued support of this iroject has been assured by the .rkansas Association for the Crip- led. Red POW Killed PUSAN, Korea f/P) — A North Korean prisoner of war was beaten to Swift Plant Here Ends Soybean Crushing Operations Till Fall S\vift and Company's Blythevlle plant apparently has ended its crushing operation for the season and Is not exected to resume full- scale operations until next fall. J. Ed Dlck.s, plant manager, said the mill has completed Its normal cottonseed crushing for the year death Tuesday by fellow prisoners I find that due to market conditions, on Koje Island, the United Nations prisoner of uav command announced today. it is. "uncertain at this time ns to • whether we will cvush more beans." 1 He didn't elaborate on the state- ment but intimated (he company Is selling at least some of the beans It bought last fall. Shutting down of operations there means loss of work for an undisclosed number of persons. A skelton crew will remain on a regular payroll basis, Mr. Dicks said. Full crushing operations will be resumed in the fall, if not sooner. not mean that all projects on it were definitely removed from consideration. He said he was sure that many of the contemplated jobs eventually would be built. Today's action gave the Commission a free hand in drawing up its own program, said Orr. The Commission has set out as a general policy that it will try to take advantage of all federal aid funds—something that would not have been possible if the canceled program was carried out as t was set up. Eldridge Sworn In Arkansas' new highway Director, Herbert Eldridge, met with the Commission today and was sworn into his new job by Chief Justice Griffin Smith of the Arkansas Supreme Court. The Commission referred to several requests for specific highway improvements to Eldridge today. All the requests—by Commission direction—will be considered along with a proposed overall construction program during remainder of 1953. These requests included one from Camp Chaffee officials for surfacing of 5.7 miles of Highway through the reservation. Chief Highway Engineer Alf E. Johnson estimated cost at $94,700. Also referred to Eldridge were proposed road relocations, includ- Sce S16 MILLION on Page 3 Osceola Revenue Official Replaced Mary Lorene Smith of Osceola was named yesterday to replace Mrs. Tlnsloy Driver In the Osceola revenue office as 18 new county revenue inspectors were appointed In the first major shakeup .of the department under the Cherry administration. Revenue Director Horace Thompson announced- the changes and said that while he planned a few additional changes "we do not plan any wholesale disturbances In the field organization." Thompson's appointees wlil replace county inspectors who served during Ex-Gov. Sid McMath's tenure In the statchouM. provides the leverage to induce the Soviet to bring the Korean struggle to an end without further bloodshed." Such a threat, MacArthur said in a letter dated April 19 and addressed to Sen. Byrri (D-Va), would face the Communists with a possible "Red China debacle." When the Soviet saw the U. S. had "the will and the means," he said, it "might well settle" Korea and all other world issues equitably. Won't Lead to War III He declared he was sure It .^AVOHld not lead to World War III. ff'fifScArthur blamed "the inertia if-our diplomacy" foi throwing away what he called "the golden moment" to achieve peace after he had badly beaten the North Koreans In October, 1951. Not only was this opportunity thrown away, he said, but a failure to capitalize on the situation contributed to the entry of the Chinese Communists in the fighting, creating what he termed "the new war." He wrote that normally the Chinese would not have dared to risk entry into the war. but that "by one process or another it was conjectured by, or conveyed to, the Red Chinese" that their territory would be designated as sanctuary free from U. S. attack. MacArthur agreed with Byrd, who hao written asking his comments, that there were ammunition shortages in Korea. He said the latp Gen. Walton Walker's Eighth Army was once down to "five rounds per gun. Blasts Face The 1,200 word letter lashed out at former Secretary of the Army Frank Pace, who told senators April 9 that MacArthur thought in 1950 the war would be over by that December. MacArthur asserted Pace had made "a labored effort" to link him with the "ammunition shortage in Korea during the last two ears since I left there." "Completely fantastic," MacAr- hur said. Byrd, in his letter dated April 3, told MacArthur the Senate armed services subcommittee of vhich he is a member is trying o find out why, as it has agreed, jiere were ammunition shortages n Korea. Byrd said the subcommittee ound shortages of ammunition ex- ted for two years after the war See STRIKE AT on Page 3 Possible Use Of Airport Fund Still Undecided Blytheville's City Council last night adopted an ordinance to sell $125,000 in bonds to T. J. Raney and Sons of Little Rock to pay for acquisition of land in connection with air base reactivation, Of this issue, $25,000 will be used to refund that amount of old city hospital bonds iDSued in 1927. It is expected that the money will be made available within two weeks. Status of money in the airbase fund, some $40,000 according to the city's last financial statement, is still undecided. In the event the Civil Aeronautics Administration has no. strings on these funds, they undoubtedly will be used to call In the bonds.' Adoption of the ordinance was the only business in last night's brief session attended by Councilmen White, Nabere, Nash, Ltpford, CaudilL and Moors and presided over by Mayor Dan Blodgett. However, the Mayor told the councilman, the council is working with a Chamber of Commerce committee regarding possible joint, civilian-Air Force use of the to-be- reactivated base here. To Meet Thursday The Mayor asked for and received a motion to adjourn last night's session until next Thursday night, explaining that he Is confident the group will have a resolution regarding joint use placed before it by that time. Adoption of the bond ordinance result of a special election Dec. 15 of last year, will mean 1.8 mill tax, but signifies no in crease over laet year's tax load sine mlllage was scheduled for a 3.5 re duction. The money will be-used to refuni nearly $100,000 used for purchase o J90 acres of land needed by th Air Force for runway extension. Options on this acreage were ex erclscd by use of a fund of $100,00 collected from Blytheville business men. These contributors are to b refunded their donations on reoeip of funds from the issue. The $25,000 portion of the issue will, in effect, remain unchanged The.se bonds pay 4 : S percent inter esL and holders who receive boncb See COUNCIL on Page 3 NATO Requests Quick Agreement on. EDC PARIS (AP) — Spurred on by the United States, the North AttenMa Treaty Organization formally requested five of its members to come to a quick agreement with West Germany to create the proposed European army. Even as the Allied leaders acted, the upper house of the West German parliament defied Chancellor £bnrad Adenauer and voted to postpone its decision on whether to ratify the army treaty which would Ark-Mo Bond Issue Okayed $1,800,000 Stock Sale Is Approved LITTLE ROCK |VP) — A financing program for the Arkansas-Missouri Power Corp., of Blytheville, Ark., worth 1.8 million dollars, has been approved by the Arkansas Public Service Commission. The Commission yesterday authorized the company to issue 40,000 shares of 514 per cent preferred stock with $25 par value. The company also can issue 47,413 shares of common stock to present common stockholders at $17 per share on the basis of one share of new stock for eight shares of old. Included in the program is the retirement of a short term bank loan made to acquire the common stock of the Associated National Gas Company of Missouri and an expansion program. The Missouri Public Service Commission and the Securities and Exchange Commission has approved the program. Tornado Hits Texarkana;Wind Storms Dot State No Deaths Reported But Property Damage In Some Areas Heavy By The Associated Press A baby tornado rocked the Texarkana area early today as virtually nil of the state was buffeted by high winds, rain and hail. The Texarkana weather bureau said that at least one person reported seeing the black funnel- shaped twister. There were no reported injuries, but damage from the wind and resultant falling tre was expected to run into thousands of dollars. At least seven houses were damaged and one reportedly was carried some 100 yards. The weather bureau at Texarkana recorded winds guats of 05 miles an hour about i a.m. today. Hall and rain accompanied the twister. About 2.76 inches of rain had fallen by dawn. Some 3,000 telephones were out in the area. Several buildings were destroyed at Alma and Van Bureau as a windstorm hit Hint area. Southwestern Bell Telephone Company said 1,200 telephones were out at Ft. Smith and 300 nt Van Burcan. One Injured At Alma O., E. Hibler of Alma received minor head and face injuries when he was hit by flyitm ?la.ss after wind blew down a barn at his daughter's home. A service station near Alma, a wall of a Van Buren Ice plant which was being constructed and a garage at Van Buren were toppled. Van Buren was without electric power for several hours last night. B. E. Newman escaped from his burning home at Van Buren after the structure was set afire by lightning. The whistling winds toppled trees In the Greater Little Rock area, blew out some windows and downed television antennas Two houses were deroofed, a llate glass window in a downtown building was shattered and power lues were downed by wind and lail nt Hope. The city recorded 2.7 inches of rain. The U. S. Weather Bureau at Ittle Rock said readings up to a. m. today made Subiaco the state's wettest spot, 3.33 inches. put half a million German soldiers into the two - million - man one- uniform force. NATO's request for early ratification came from the organization's top councU the foreign, defense and finance ministers of the 14 member nations — in a secret session today. It was their first action during the second day of a three - day meeting here. The ministers also passed a 890 million dollar budget for airfields, jet fuel pipelines, communications and other "infrastructure" Installations through 1968. An aide who came out of the afternoon meeting said the^ program was approved without any dispute among the 50 - odd ministers from. the 14 countries. The United States share of the program .has been 42 per cent, but a high American official said the U. S. may pay 43 per cent from now on. Speed Up Promised Following the morning meeting, J. W. Beyen, Netherlands foreign minister, told a news conference the foreign ministers of France, Belgium, Italy and Luxembourg had declared their governments would speed up ratification of the European army pact "as much as possible." He said there would be no delay in his own country, and predicted complete ratification "by autumn." None of the foreign ministers promised ratification by a definite date, he said, but "all stated firm intentions to go on and take the necessary measures to have EDO ratified by their respective parliaments." After . adoption of the resolution on I3DC. French Foie.i^r.. .Master Sec NATO on Page 3 for Farm Income Is Cited Wyatt Says Economy Of City Would Break Down Without It 7 Killed in Oklahoma EAGLETOWN. Okla., f;T>) — A mall tornado ripped through the fcgro section of Eaglctown late ast night, killing one person and njuring 12. All of the victims were mem- ers of the same family. Dead was Clarence Lewis, father of 10 chil- Iren. All of Lewis' children, his fife and father were injured. Sewer Opinion Poll Shows: Majority Favors Some Kind of Solution The latest score in the Courier News' opinion poll on the sewer situation here today stood at 144 to 123 In favor of some solution to the problem. Of the 144 persons favoring sewer Improvements, 111 voted for the proposed >1 £00,000 bond Issue which would be retired by charging each user a sewer fee based on his average monthly wintertime water consumption. The remainder favor some other financing method. The 123 persons taking the opposite view were against making any sewer Improvements whatsoever. Percentagewise, the score was 54 to 46 per cent in favor of sewer Improvements via some financing method. Mark and send this ballot to The Courier News Indicate your feelings in regard to solution of Blytheville's sewer problem by voting "for" or "against" — A proposaUo issue $1,300,000 in revenue bonds to finance construction of a city-wide sewer system, with these bonds to he retired by assessing each user a sewer charge based on his average wintertime wtiter consumption: FOR rj AGAINST _ rj Any type of sewer finance plan — bearing in mind that all workable plans for the system Blytheville netds will cost you something: FOR _ _ g AGAINST rj Without the benefit nf farm income, Blytheville would suffer an economic breakdown, William Wyatt, vice-president of Mississippi Aunty's Farm Bureau, told members of Blytheville's Rotary Club yesterday. "You men have spent a lot of .ime getting the air base reactivated, and that may be a good thing . but I believe you could well ipend more time on better farm- :ity relations," he said. Threatening the city's economic itructure, he said, is the threat to oarity by the Republican administration. .Higher picking and chopping costs, he said in reference to cotton production, and lower parity \vuuld mean less cotton, less labor and less farm payrolls. This would result in livestock and grain production which would considerably reduce the amount of farm labor and this labor makes use of the goods and services of Blytheville merchants and professional men, he stated. Parity, Mr. Wyatt maintained, has been a money-making proposition for the government as far as cotton is concerned. He stated that the government has made a quarter million dollars on the cotton loan program. Want 100% Parity One hundred per cent parity, he said, is the only figure which will givs the farmer a fair return. "The Farm Bureau in Arkansas believes, also, that more equttablo See FARM on Page 3 Weather The opinion poll will end tomorrow with publication of th« ballot for the last time. Final result* will oe published Monday. ARKANSAS — Scattered thunderstorms with locally high winds this afternoon and tonight; Saturday partly cloudy, no Important temperature changes. MISSOURI -, Thundershowers east this evening, becoming partly cloudy, windy and cooler tonight; Saturday partly cloudy and cooler; o\v tonight 40 nothwest to 50 southeast high Saturday 55-60 northwest to 65 southeast. Minimum this morriinK—ft>. Maximum yesterday—83. Sunrlso tomorrow—5:17. Sunset today—6:30. Prcclp. 21 hours to 7 a.m.—.33. Preclp. since Jan. 1—19.13. Mean temperature (midway bccweda high and low)—71.5. Normal and mean for April— 61. This Date Last YeM Minimum this morning—63. Maximum yesterday—72. Pn-clp. Jan. 1 to cut*—30.IM.