The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts on December 12, 1845 · Page 2
Get access to this page with a Free Trial

The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts · Page 2

Boston, Massachusetts
Issue Date:
Friday, December 12, 1845
Page 2
Start Free Trial

'ID Southern slaveholders ! read ' the following p roceedingi, u you wuh to know what are the feel iag of the People of Ireland, in relation to your rie tarioo slave system 1 ' ' '' c .From the Cork Examiner. ANTI-SLAVERY MEETING AT THE, INDE- .J,vtiiT PENDENT, CHAPEL. . . , - ,. , , . . . om , a Correspondent.) , .. : ST . . Aiontiay nignt, . ine independent Cliapel was crowded by a most respectable audience. The platform was occupied by men of influence of our city. . - The Mator being called to the Chair, Begun by saying that it was unnecessary to cell the people of Cork tekat Mr. Dous-Ium hud done that they are already fullv aware of it.. The citizens of Cork, were always ready in every thing of tins kind.- In . this, instance,. hey bad to deal with a question hot so nnjcff their own but as good Christians oughCtfy ,Mlve tn,e tne work of every part of the world their own. i Now, there are one. or two matters" of duty to proceed with, before Mr. Douglass addresses you. Wc have a duty ot thanks to perform. I will begin with the press. We know it is a mighty engine ; and when we rind it engaged on the side of humanity, we are glad to give it our lull testimony of thanks their giving us a corner at all might well be considered a compliment ; instead of this, they have ghen us columns. The Ami-Slavery Societies of Cork are. deeply indebted to tho Kramxner and Reporter papers, in giving publicity to the anti-slavery efforts. , , The resolutions were here proposed and carried, which will be found in our advertising - columns. Mr. Ralph Varian stated that he had been requested to read to the meeting, and present to Mr. Douglass, the following address, which was adopted unanimously, nt. a meeting of the Ladies and Gentlemen's Anti-Slavery Society of Cork, held on Monday morning the 3d instant, at the Committee Room of the Royal Cork Institution. The Mayor in the chair, read the Mdrtss to Frederick Dotigla ts, from the .Mi-Slavery v - t . ooncty vj uorn. ........... Dbar Sm:.' - "' -: ' - - ! Allow us to express our sense of the advantages that the. cause, by which we are hound together as Societies, has derived from your labors in ' Cork, during your short visit here; and to request you to transmit to the abolitionists of America, our estimation of their services to the holy cause in which we are engaged. .')".- By your labors here,' we have been stirred up to renewed and active life for the deliverance of the captive.' We feel that if not associated with him by the ties of a common government, we are bound to his relief by the higher and holier claim, the revealed and universal truth, of a common hu manity and a common origin. Seeds of truth which con never be eradicated have been disseminated by you in numerous public assemblies here ; and sent tar and wide through the instrumentality of a liberal public press. By your addresses, the mass of the people have bad an opportunity which they eagerly embraced of gaining' knowledge. Their best sympathies have been aroused in behalf of those guttering under an evil of greater magni tude than the most abject poverty. They have been benefitted by being made aware how they too might do something to hasten the emancipation of the American slave from his debasing bondage simply by forming a portion of public sentiment of the world which must finally awaken the American government and people to a sense of the degraded position in which their support of a hideous slave system, places them amongst the civilized nations of the earth. The Anti-Slavery press of the United States, and our letters from the abolitionists of America, led us to anticipate many good results from your visit to our city but our anticipations have been more than realized. In the happy hours of social intercourse which we have enjoyed in your society, a further opportunity has been afforded us of becoming acquainted with the details of that abominable system of savage law, and degraded public sentiment, by which 3,000,000 human beings are held in bodily and mental bondage, yoked to the car of American Freedom! Never were we so impressed with the horrors of the system, as while listening to one, who was himself born subject to the lash and fetter who, in his own person, endured their infliction ; yet who is so gifted, aa he to whom we dedicate this Address, with high moral, intellectual and spirit ual power, together with so much refinement of mind and manners. . . Allow us to say that in estimating the pleasures and advantages which your visit has conferred upon us, we value highly those derivable from your excellent Anti-Slavery work the unpretending memoir of your escape from chattled bondage to the liberty and light of a moral and intellectual being. While perusing it, we have been charmed to the end by the power of simple truth, and warm and genuine feeling. . . . We beg of you to transmit to the Abolitionists or America, expressions of our regard and admi ration. . Even previous to your visit, we deeply felt their services to humanity. To their cry for 'immediate, unconditional emancipation, the right of the stare, and the duty of the master ! ' raised by William X4.0T0 uakriso.v, so as to startle an unwilling peo- Ele from their criminal apathy we have responded, i the establishment of that seminary of freedom The Oberlin Institute,' we felt deeply interested. While the persecutions to which the Abolitionists were subjected calumnies injuries of property and person aroused our indignation. And .the death of the martyred Lovejot stirred the deepest feelings of our souls. $" Especially would we be affectionately remembered to that intrepid Female hand, who, scorning all petty feeling and false sentiment, at the call of .duty, rallied to the heavenly work of delivering the . captive ; directing him to those possessions which are rightfully his knowledge, liberty and power, t The mode in which the Abolitionists of America conduct their Gaxat Anhcal Bazaars, calls for expressions of our thorough approbation. The ex ertions necessary to send our mite in appropriate articles to the Boston fair we have felt as a relief ' to our feelings, a pleasure to our hearts. We could wish that this sentiment was more generally participated in here, that the claims of our neighbors, the colored population of America, who have fallen among thieves were better understood, so that all ' might regard their prostrate condition, and afford them aid. In the funds raised at these Bazaars, we . recognise a means of sustaining a noble missionary ; labor that of opening the prison doors, and letting : the oppressed go free; that of pouring light upon . the mental sight, so that he who stole, should steal no more, but make restitution to the captive of his : plundered property in his limbs, head and heart, in - his children and his home. When tlie preachers of glad tidings to the oppressed, and of warning and stern rebuke to oppressors and abettors ; when the educators of a people are reared in the land where they teach, ami among the people they vol- J!0' to levate ; there is, in this, assuredly, a great " a WJM?!6 work of re1nirtKra. Such teachers and laborers are the abolitionists of America; as such, we would willingly sustain, support and cheer them on to live and die for the happy consumma- Uon of the glorious work t hv k.v ; Kowi. , ' .W? IK fol"n the visit to our shores of v ?D.M 1no nond. His labors . here were fruitfuL . He is still affectionately remembered. In eoncJusioo, .we beg of you to present our re-j Rectfia ndklDd remembrances to your friend and . fellow-traveller, JT. N. Buffum, Eaq., whose proper- 2, and power, of mind and body, have been long (voted to the aid of those laboring for the slaves' t emancipation in his native country. And let us tjbope that the intercourse which your visit, and that , of Mr, Buffum, has established between us, may . not be severed bv land or a. hut mv t based on the foundation of united labors for opprcs- .,eed, down-trodden, and bleeding humanity. - We are. dear sir. your friends and fellow-IatmrerH. v, Signed on behalf of the A. S. Societies of Cork. Rtcauan Downs, (RoM) Esq., Mayor, Chairman. i" Mil - 1 f ISEi JEirr88, j Secretaries. . , ;;:J Ju,; Vawaw, Secretary, Pro. Tern. ' , .;. The votes of thanks and the reading ofthe Address were loudly applauded by the meeting. u,u Mr. Douglass rosand was received withenthu--aiasnc cheering. , When it subsided, he said The ,aeutj(nenta i of gratitude expressed by the meeting are in perfect unison with my own. Never was 1 held under greater obligations to the press, and to Xb6 proprietors of public buildings, than 1 bave been .since ia Cork, and I express my . sincere gratitude i for it ia behalf of the bondsmen. : Particularly am 1 .Indebted lo the press for their freedom in copying 4 b few feeble words I have been able to say in this f city, that tbay may return to ray land, and sound may la the ears of th oppressors of my couotry- men. Mr. President, the address tvfikh lias been read, I certainly was not expecting. 1 I exjsctedto go through the length and breadth of yr country, preaching to those who are ready to hear the groans of the onnremed. T did not exueet the high posi tion that I stay: in the -city of Cork, and not only herebu in Dublin. .The object which we have met to consider is-7the annexation of Texns to the United States. ; You have perhaps beard that in America, when an Individual baa absented hinwelf unaccountably for any lime, such a pereon is said to have gone to Texas, few knowing trhere it is. Texas is that part of Mexko, bounded on the North by the United States, on the South side by the Gulf of Mexico. The extent of this country is not correctly known. ' It ia aa large as France a most prolific aoil-fclimate most salubrious. The facilities for commercial and agricultural proceedings are unsurpassed any. where. A Mr. Austin obtained a grant octhe .Royal Government, to settle three. hundred families in Tcxasi with an understanding that such families should obey the laws then existing, and also, that they hould be members of the Roman Catholic religion. He succeeded in introducing 30 families. His son took up the business, and introduced three hundred families, Before he succeeded, the revolution in Mexico severed the Mexican provinces from" the crown, and the contract was rendered void." He made ap-' plication ' to the new government, and obtained a similar contract. Other men in the west made similar applications to the Mexican ' Government. Among the rest were Irishmen, and they were among the few who fulfilled their contracts. The consequence of making the Catholic religion a necessaryqualification to settle in Texas afforded opportunity for hypocrisy. A number of persons not of Catholic persuasion entered the territory, and made complaints. - They succeeded in fomenting a revolt against the Mexican Government. Soon after, the Texans managed to lodge complaints of oppression against it. Under these pretences they declared for religious freedom, applied to the United States for. sympathy for religious libertv. After getting the property under conditions of submission, they turn round for sympathy in a revolt in behalf of religious toleration. Af exico came forward nobly and abolished slavery in Texas. In open violation of this, slaves were introduced. - Mexico, outraged at this violation of her laws, attempted to compel obedience this resulted in the revolution. Texas applied to the United States for assistance. Here came the deed that ought to bring down on the United States the united execration of the world. She pretended to be in a friendly relation with Mexico. - Her Congress looked on with indifference on the raising of troops to aid the slaveholding Texans in wresting from the Mexicans, Texas Indeed, they encouraged it. Texians succeeded in holding at bay the Mexican Government. The United States with indecent haste recognized the independence of Texas. This was the preparatory step to the consummation of the annexation to the Union.' The object was that of making Texas the market for the surplus slaves of the North American States. The Middle States ofthe United States are slave-raising States. In 1837, you might meet in Virginia hundreds of slaves handcufted and chained together, driving southward to be sold. The Southern States were formerly those where the slaves brought the highest price, but at present they are fully sup- plied with slaves; and there is a consequent reduction in he price of human flesh and bones. In 1836 slaves (brought from 1000 to 1,500 dollars ; but a year ago, the price was reduced to 600 dollars. The slaveholders saw the necessity of opening a new country where there would be a demand for slaves. Americans should be considered a band of plunderers for the worst purposes. ' Should they go to war with three million of slaves in their bosom, only looking for the first favorable opportunity of lifting their arms in open rebellion ? ' American statesmen are aware of this. The reasons they give for the annexation of Texas not only prove them to be rotten at heart, but a band of dastards. They say that Mexico is not able to go to war, therefore we can take their country. I dare the Americans to reach their arms to Canada. The conduct of America, in this particular, has not been sufficiently dwelt upon by the British .press. England- should not have stood by and seen a feeble people robbed, without raising a note of remonstrance. - I bave done with the question of Texas let me proceed to the general question. 1 will read you the laws of a part of the American States, regarding the relation of master and slave, the laws which created the row in the steamship Cambria, not because they are the worst I could select, but because I desire to have them remain upon your memory. If more than seven slaves are found together without a white person, 20 lashes a piece ; for letting loose a boat from where it is moored, 39 lashes, for the first, and for the second offence, the loss of an ear. For having an article tor sale without a ticket from his master, 10 lashes. For travelling in the night without a pass, 40 lashes. Found in another person's quarters, 40 lashes. For being on horseback without a written permission, 3 lashes; or riding without leave, a slave may be whipped, cropped or branded with the letter A, in the cheek. The laws may be found in Iley wood's manual, and several other works. These laws will be the laws of Texas. How sound these laws, Irishmen and Irish women, in your ears ? These laws, as you are aware, are not the worst, for one law in North Carolina makes it a crime punishable with death for the second offence, to teach a slave to read. My friends, I would wish to allude to another matter in relation to the religious denominations of lork. jviy friends, all I have said respecting their brethren in America has been prompted by a regard for the bondman. I know what slavery is by ex perience, i Know what my experience has been at the hands of religionists. The Baptist or Presbyterian that would isire me not to tell the truth. is a man who loves his sect moro- than he loves his God, (cheers.) To you who have a missionary spirit. ' I say, there is no better held than America. 1 be slave is on his knees, asking for light : slaves who not only want the Bible, but some one to teach them to read its contents, (hear, hear.) Their cries ' come across the Atlantic this evening, appealing to . you ! Lift up your voices against this giant sin, (loud cheers.) Mr. President. I am glad to learn - that the simple reading of my narrative by a minister in your town, was the cause of his preaching Inst Sabbath an able anti-slavery discourse, (hear, hear.) My friends, labor on in this good work, for hearts on the other side of the Atlantic have long been cheered by your efforts. When England with one effort wiped from her West Indies the stain of slavery, turning eight hundred thousand things into eight hundred thousand human beings, front that time the bondmen in our. country looked with more ardent hope to the day when their chains would be broken, and tbey be permitted to eujoy that liberty in a Republic, which was now enjoyed ' uuder the mild rule of a Monarchical Government. This infused amongst us a spirit of hope, of faith, of liberty. Thus you bave done much, but don t feet your power ceases here. Every one has an influence. O.XLT SPEAK THE TRUE WORD BREATHE THE RIGHT PRATER TRC8T IX THE TRUE GOO and your- influence will be powerful against all wrong ! (loud and continued applause.) Your land is now being travelled over by men from our country. Their whole code of justice is based ou tlie clianging basis ofthe color of a man's skin ; for in Virginia, there are but three crimes for which a white man is hung, but in tlie same State, there are seveuty-one crimes for which the black suffers death. I want the Americans to know that in the good city of Cork, 1 ridiculed their nation I attempted to excite the utter contempt ofthe people here upon them. O that America were freed from slavery ! her brightness would then dazzle the Eastern world. The oppressed of all nations might flock to her as an asylum from monarchical or other despotic rulers, (applause.) I do believe that America has tlie elements for becoming a great and glorious nation. . Those three million of foes might be converted into three million of friends but lam not going to say anything in her favor I am an outlaw "there and it is time to bid you farewell! . Mr. Douglass sat down amidst the most enthusiastic applause, which wua again and again repeated. ' A JUST AKD ABLB CRTTXCXSM.' ' The editor of the Dedham American, an ably conducted Whig paper, after copying the churlish and reprehensible letters of Abbott Lawrence and Nathan , Appleton to the State Texas Committee, says f ". ' We had some hesitation as to the propriety of giving space to these letters, first, because they are intrinsically of no importance, the sentiments that they contain, (if they may be' said to 'contain any ' sentiments,) being either puerile or false; second, because in this art of the cotmtry where their manufacturing establishments do not exist, the names of Lawrence and Appleton are clothed with no THE JL 1 B neenliarnvjVs of authority, op nvmiu wKlcK i would lend an artificial or adventitious authority to their sayings, and therefore it might appear a wasteful extra vaxBce of time and paper to war nppn opinions which possess none of. the enchantments of authority, artifice or skill, and which call only for that general treatment offered to the flimsy and vapid arguments or the celf-sufScient and groundless dogmas of notorious mediocrity. On the other hand the putSration of these letters affords us an opportunity to allude to some cireoirauances, lying to be sure on the surface of tbings,but which the dumb goddess of silence has preserved from the tmawa-kened curiosity of many ofthe people. . We find also another object, in the fact of not oeing permitted iu a case of this kind to tike the lead, but to be alone, either far above or far below far in advance or far behind the brave, ' talented and chivalrous editorial fraternity,' as our readers severally shall be induced to give us a place; ' Tlie letter of Mr. Lawrence is in every particular I uih one, a inie uiuex 01 lut Biimur. lis notorious falsehood does him , injustice. Jt is shallow, confident, dogmatical : otherwise affable, gentlemanly and polite. That it is aimed at a target which had not lieen'eet up for him, but studiously hidden from sight, may charitably be considered as a mistake. 'That he should deem further cctiin on his part useless, is quite proliable, for his opf oeition to Texas as a measure by itself, and to Iks-secured without his own direct agency, may have been at any time considered at least questionable. Nearly a year ago, at a time when even according to his own view, the annexation of Texas was an open question, his opposition was no more active, his agency against the measure was no more distinguished or efficient, than we have reason to believe from the above letter it will be, in future. So far as the public possessed the means of judging, he never at any time opposed Texas when the subject was presented singly, and separated from the jgeneral measures of the Whig party. " At the time the great Anti-Texas Convention was held in Fanetiil Hall last year, it was well understood by some, and the fact was alluded to by some, that it met with neither countenance nor support from the Lawrences and Appletons, and other distinguished Whig merchants of Boston. We do not know positively that the opinions of these were swayed by the prospect of future markets for man ufactured goods, although we bave no doubt of it, but we do Know positively, that a number ot the merchants of that city voted the Whig ticket, hoping at tlie same timi that whatever it might accomplish, it would not act omplish the rejectment of Texas, over whose pra ries, and along the bnn'ss of whose rivers, they ful y desired and half believed they might realize a golden harvest of newly created trade. Mr. Lawrence, who had been appli ed to, to co operate with others in opposing the admission of Texas as a slave State, (not to oppose the annexa tion ofTexas as a territory,) first begs the question, which we may suppose he dared not n lectand could not answer, and then proceeds to stat e ' that Texas now virtually composes a part of our Union.' The word virtually was undoubtedly inten-ded as a nual V mf ification, but literally it does not imply it, and in this case there can be no such thing as a qualification ; Texas either is, or is not admitted. ' The fact that his to be admitted, and that it is so certain to be admitted that all opposition will be, in the opinion of Mr. Lk, fruitless, is sufficient proof that it has not already been done. The very resolutions which have virtually annexed 1 exas, contain t s their most prom ment features the evidence that the act of admis sion lies behind the veil of the future. That the majority ofthe people have decided in favor of an nexation' is not onlv assumption, but directlv con trary to the fact, is what everybody (except Mr I,) very well knows. The statement is but a repetition ot what the whig party as a body have united in denominating one of the most bare faced and impu dent of JLocofbco falsehoods. ' Mr. Appleton's letter is a very different, and vastly superior production, as he in the oualitv of his intellect is vastly superior to his brother millionaire Jiut the most brilliant and penetrating minds which light up the page of human history have been ob scured by the presence of son: e single, ill-adapted subject, and the mind of Mr. Appleton breaks and flies as it approaches Texas. If it has ever been the duty of Massachusetts to oppose the admission of Texas as a Slave State, it is now, and will be her duty to oppose it nntil the act is consummated, whatever may be the effect of such opposition. Upon the principle which Mr. A. advocates, and upon which he intends probably to act, the people of Massachusetts would be liabl a, in less than one year, to be taunted with having stood silently by. and witnessed with manifest indifference, the crea tion of 25,000 United States Slaves, without so much as lifting a finger or uttering a word to pre vent it. The Locofbcos ha ve a large majority in congress, and the govern.ment organs have an nounced the determination of the ruling powers to overthrow the larin as unqualifiedly as they have to admit lexas, and it might satisfy the curious to learn if Mr. Appleton will ciuietly and composedly await in inaction, tlie destruction of that great meas ure merely on the ground of its presumed mevita bility. Mr. Appleton had an unquestionable legal right, (however it might be decided in a court ot taste,) to step beyond the record, arid entertain his corres pondents with his views of the Abolitionists. If that part of his letter has the remotest relation to the subject in hand, it must be regarded as an ad ditiona! reason for refusing to lend his aid to the cause in behall of which he was solicited. He wil then neglect the perfbrman ce of duty . rather than to do it in the company of Abolitionists. Alas for Mr. Appleton, if Garrison and. his compeers 6hal ever carry to the gates of prntdise the offering that shall move the crystal bar, and admit them into the great company of the a ccepted. Taking the most favorable view for theso gentlemen, thev can 1 1 1.1 - 1 . OT. . . . out aciinowieage mat a exas stanus at tne door as Missouri, witt- lv- iniuuioti constitution, stood at the door of the Lmon 25 years ago. If. then, no a tion' or effort is called for in relation to Texas, none was called for in that day iu reference to Missouri Yet statesmen and jurists, compared to ' whom the Appletons and more especially the Lawrences of tlie present day sink to insignificance, deemed just a . sucn action as our neroes are solicited to co-operate be both right and proper rhilhps and Uigeiow, Quincy and Webster, Prescottand Blake, Story and strong, tne immortal names ot our history, are re buked by the ci-devant shop-keepers of the modern exchange. The chief reason set forth: by these great men, for abstaining from all effort, is that it is too late, the question is settled, &c IScw the fact is diametri cally the reverse. Instead of having been brought to a conclusion, the business has not even bee commenced, and cannot be opened until the meet ing of Congress, and the presentation ofthe Texas constitution, ihen the war will begin, and the m termediate time is just the proper time to bring to bear upon the minds and consciences of tba belli gerents, those righteous influences which spring legitimately from the action and enorts ot the peo ple. . Messrs. Lawrence and Appleton are entitled to their opinions and have a right to express them, but it is the duty of others to treat them according to their respective merits. Those gentlemen, un questionably, would have preferred the triumph of fhA Will tw iMlfu rwl tltA rkninlirit cnrif. rtC 1 Tariff, to annexation, but they have never given any evidence that tuey would oppose Annexation as a single, disconnected measure. Texas, as a Slave State, is not only not admitted, but it has not begun to be admitted, and opposition to it is now not only legitimate and proper, but demanded at the expense of being ranked among tlie approvers of the whole design of the slaveholders. The only ground upon which these gentlemen can declare, that opposition at this time will be fruitless,, is the consciousness that a great number of the people, are, like tbem- selvs, the secret friends of the measure, and will prove recreant to duty when called upon to lend their aid. ' Sidney and Hampden thought it not too late to protest against wrong after the foes of) their principles had become (humanly sneaking) om nipotent, and the axe of the executioner glittered over their heads, but the dainty patriots of our day retreat before the battle commences, and preserve their armor in .Lavender, lest it should become soil' ed by contact with Abolitionists. The leaders of the Whig party the committee men who look to Messrs. Lawrence and Appleton lor funds for electioneering purposes the newspapers, whose lives are wrapped up in the monkery of apeing the opinions of wealthy men, will bow in humble submission to the sentiments of these letters, but tlie people who have not enslaved their faculties, will regard their flimsy, unsustained end foolish contents with jut and profound indifference. r 87 Another excellent article, on the same subject, rom the same paper, we are obliged to defer. : v E R A T O R., , - r. : ' " ; : ; '. r-: -I- ' i . ' ' ' 'i ilt Since the baaing of oar last number, we have bern wholly disabled from using the- pen, by a sad- ; den and somewhat severe attack of illness, the consequence of czpos'are daring our Jate visit to Salem ; bet our readers will find our present a amber fall of valuable, instructive ' and interesting matter. , Onr warm eat thanka are due to oar beloved transtlaatie correspondents Ralph -Varian, Henry C. Wright, and James N. Bnfom whose letters will, SO with encouragement and delight thousand of hearts on this side of the Atlantic. ,l ' : SFIBTX OF OLD XBELAHD ! ; Cork, ; Nov. 10th, 1845. Deir Sir: - With plea are I address yon. Tour name is a household word here I feel ss if 1 had enjoyed the privilege of your acquaintance. From Old Ireland, I would write a 4 word or cheer to The Liberator.' 1 am encouraged by Frederick Douglass. A line from Cork, he assured me, would be acceptable. We have received your letter not inscribed with the cold and inexpressive medium of pen and paper, but on the living tablets ofthe heart. . J. N. Buffum and Fred erick Douglass, cominz from the Abolitionists of America, were to us a communication most highly prized. On behalf of the Abolitiohists or Cork, and the multitudes who were delighted listeners at the numerous public meetings called in consequence of their visit, 1 would thank you, for your part, in re commending them to visit these countries. Here we have had a happy season of successful ex ertion. The Anti-Slavery movement in the city of Cork will forever feel the impetus it has received from Frederick Douglass. With the abolitionists of America, we "desire to hold a fraternal relation. The men and women, bearing that honored name, have our fullest sympathy. We are grateful for having bound up with us in the volume of life, such associa tions and recollections as our connexion with beings so unselfish, free and fearless, is capable of affording. For the future, when you blow the silver trump of freedom,' you will require but little stretch of imagination to hear its responses reverberated from the southern shores of Ireland. And soon the North will resound with the abolition cry for Frederick Douglass is on his way, to waken its responses to his soul-inspiring appeals for liberty and light to his oppressed, plundered, and bleeding race. We want, with you, to extend the strong arm of the united moral power of good and true men, and of good and true women, scattered through every country, in one great and sustained effort, to the relief of three millions of human beings who are chained, by those with whom might constitutes right, in waste plains of intellectual desolation, that they may be the more readily plundered of the wealth which they' are scourged to pro duce. We want that same united strength directed to the removal of the three hundred thousand slaveholders from the unnatural and iinbruting position in -which they have placed themselTes. If we seek to expel the demons that their contaminating position fosters, and that they, hating the truth and light, regarding us as their worst enemies, raise the clamor of savage and injured men ; we, who are in reality, their truest friends, cannot be thus diverted from our purpose. Let them rather weep and howl for the 'miseries their blindness to their own truest interest must inevitably bring upon themselves. We would address them, in words of friendly warning . uttered by the truest of American poets 4 Oh ! rouse ye, ere the storm comes forth The gathered wrath of God and man Like that which wasted Egypt's earth, When hail and fire above it ran. Hear ye no warnings in the sir? -Feel ye no earthquake underneath ? Up! up! why will ye slumber where - The sleeper only wakes in death ? ' " : But whether successful or not in our great endea vor, we must live and die with protest on our lips, and strong resolve in our hearts, against all. which tends to make earth a hell. We may not seethe fruit of our endeavor, nor should we look eagerly for results ; but live and die in the faith that our labor is not in vain. Be patient, therefore, brethren Behold the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain.' An eminent living writer of our country says If the world were all a slave-market or a gin-palace, what possible place could such a thing as the Christian religion find therein ? Who amid a carnival of sin could believe in any deathless sanctity ? or, through the steams of a besotted earth, discern the pure light of an overarching heaven ? or, through the moans and dumb anguish of a race, send up a hymn of praise to the . All-merciful ? And are there not thousands already so environed and shut in, that their world is little else than this? In proportion as this number is permitted to increase, does Christianity lose its evidence, and become impossible. Sensualism and sio cannot abide the clear angelic look of Christian faith : but if once that serene eye becomes confused, and droops abashed, the foe starts up in demoniac triumph, and proclaims man to be a brute, and earth a grave. As we love, then, the religion by which we live, let us give no beed to doubt and fear. In the spirit of hope and firm endeavor, let us go forward with the work we have begun ; undismayed by difficulties which God permits us to hold in check, hut not to vanquish; and stipulating for no rewards of large success as conditions of our constancy of service. It is human, jndeed, to desire some rich success ; and each generation expects to gather and taste the produce of its own toil : but the seasons of God are eternal ; he giveth the increase ; not for enjoyment only, but for reproduction ; and ripens secretly be neath the thick foliage of events, many a fruit of our mortal tillage, for the sake, of the little unnoticed seed, which, dropped on the soil of his providence, shall spread over a future age the shelter of some tree of life. Beit oars in word to proclaim, in deed to make ready, the acceptable year of the Lord. . . Yet, had we no higher motive of action than the production of visible results, we might, 1 think, even now, in what appears before us, reap abundant re ward to keep us right on the path we have marked out for our feet to tread ; so that we might ' run, and not be weary walk onward, and not faint. , We had long felt the truth of a principle put for- ward with great distinctness by Frederick Douglass, in one of his addresses here. It was thi that all true reforms are kindred. However separated by land or sea, they respond to each other's progress, and are accelerated by that sympathy. We long felt that we bad even a national, a selfish interest in bringing America up to a consistent advocacy of human rights ; that the spirit of democratic liberty was defiled,' and human progress retarded, by the glaring hypocrisy of a nation, which makes the loudest boast of freedom of any nation ofthe earth, subjecting to the most hideous system of bodily and mental bondage three millions of it people. We could not then but receive with a warm grasp and a Cread MUU Failte,' J. N. isunum and Frederick Douglass, coming as they did from amongst the truest and purest workers for human progress the Abolitionist of America. "We were sorry that Mr. Buffum had to leave in the midst of our exertions, and that we lost his advocacy at th greater number ofthe public meetings. He is a gentleman, in the truest sense of the word, a man that quickly wins on oar sympathies. He soon be came endeared to us, and we parted from him with -regret. '" -V'; ' ' '' - : ' ' ' '' . His skin may be black, or his skin may be We care na a fig if his bosom be rightr Hi white, says a: Scotch- song, and the bosom of Frederick Douglas is all right.1 He is man of poweiv-a trae- hearted man one of God's best gifts to the world. The fact of bis having been slave in the United Btates of America, would of itself be sufficient to surround him with interest here : but when seen and heard r the sodt of a freeman beaming from his expressive countenance physical and intellectual power united ; his conversation, calm, sustained; his manner, dignified and courteous ; bis publio appeals rivetting the. attention by their power, force of thought, depth of experience, every word, as Emerson expresses it, seeming 'loaded with life'; and when occasion or subject awakens him thoroughly, bursting into eloquence, trumpet-toned, and soul-stirring, all the horrors of that abominable system that could doom such a msn to chattel bondage, to the whip and fetter it may be of an ignorant and im-bruted slaveholder arise before us, and we loathe the crime of those that shoot for liberty, make a boast of freedom, yet subject to the chain and scourge one fourth of their fellow-countrymen ! During the short stay of Frederick Douglass in our city, nine meetings were summoned in quick succession to listen to his addresses. In the City Court House, we had the first great public meeting it was crowded to excess. Mr. Douglass had been the previous evening to a great temperance meeting, and aroused tbe people by bis words and -presence. At the City Court House, resolutions were adopted, evincing the interest that our leading public men took in the subject which Frederick Douglass advocates. On the morning of the same day, the ladies and gen tlemen's anti-slavery societies met to breakfast at Lloyd's Hotel, to entertain Mr. Douglass and Mr. Buffum. ' ' On this occasion, the information Mr. Buffum communicated, and the illustrative anecdotes he related, were deeply interesting to all present. Mr. Douglass, by his calm, forcible remarks, showed his power of intellect and soundness of heart, and gave the utmost satisfaction to the company, by his con versation and presence. We had three great meetings at the spacious Independent Chapel. The moment Mr. Douglass stepped upon the platform, and pro ceeded with his lecture, he was recognised as one of Nature's noblemen knowing himself and command ing his audience. One meeting was held in the Wes- lejan Methodist Chapel, fatrick-street. We ft ad a meeting of the contributors to the Boston Bazaar, in addressing which Frederick Douglass was particular ly effective his calm, quiet manner, his elevated. spiritual views, served to render this one of tbe most interesting of the series. He made allusion which was especially prized by us to her, who is the life and soul of the movement. . The Temperance Festival, called by Theobald Mathew, in honor of Mr. Douglass, at the Temperance Institute, was truly enlivening. Over 200 indi viduals were present. Ladies constituted the chief portion of tbe company Numerous -applicants for admission had to be refused, in consequence of want of space. Theobald Mathew's speech on the occa sion breathed ' a fine spirit of all-embracing love. Frederick Douglass, in his address, gave some interesting information as to the progress of temperance among the free colored population of the United States, and completely won the sympathy of his listeners in their behalf. His brethren in bonds were not forgotten by him on this happy occasion nor did he allow his audience to forget them. A fine stringed band occupied the gallery, and admirably played, in the most vigorous style, many of the Negro Melodies The supper table, laid out in a spacious hall adjoin ing, did credit to the taste and exertions ofthe stewards. An Anti-Slavery Soiree was given to Frederick Douglass at Saint Patrick's Temperance Hall, which was beautifully and appropriately decorated for the occasion. Mr. Douglass seemed thoroughly to enjoy himself. Duetts, songs, and glees, appropriate to freedom, were sung in the course of the evening, to the accompaniment of the piano-forteby an efficient choir of musical friends. Tbe speech of Frederick Douglass elicited the unbounded applause of the company. To show you the interest our poorer trades' people take in the anti-slavery cause, I may mention that a working carpenter gave his gratuitous assistance for the day in preparing the room. . And, in the course of the evening, an excellent song of welcome to Mr. Douglass composed for the occasion, the chorus of which, was joined in by the company present. In company with Mr. William Martin, of this city, Frederick Douglass visited Youghall. They had an overflowing meeting. When Frederick Douglass had concluded his address, a vote of thanks was proposed to him, and carried by acclamation. Now that Frederick Douglass is departing our city, he goes with the hearty good wishes for his success, and tbe warm personal attachment of a large circle of friends, who have spent many happy hours in his society, and can never forget the pleasures of his intercourse with them. , . I am, dear sir. Tours faithfully, ; ; RALPH VARIAN. . Wx. Lloyd Garrison. LETTER FBOM JAMES N.:,BTTTFUM. ',. Livxaroot, Nov. 17, 1845. Dxar Frixhd : . - I thought I would write you a word, although I have not much to say. 1 , left F. Douglass at Cork, some three weeks since, to go to Manchester,' to attend a great Soiree, held under the patronage of the Atheneum, at the close of the Free Trade Bazaar. It was one of the largest assemblies that 1 have ever witnessed in a hall not less than six thousand peo pie were present. I expected to have met George Thompson and Charles Dickens, but neither ot them was present on account of illness ; but we had Cob den, fright, Douglass Jerrold, (the author of Mrs Caudle's Lectures,) and several others of the most celebrated public speakers. Tbe speeches were good many of them were eloquent ; but 1 was more in terested in the people than the speaking. It was the first time I had enjoyed the privilege of meeting an English audience ; and 1 must say, that I have sel dom, if ever, met a finer looking collection of people than what I saw on that occasion. ' It was delightful to see so many happy faeesyao many, intel ligent people met together, forgetting the cares of life, the love of tbe world, and giving their souls a feast of reason.' As I looked over that vast assembly, I could not but feel a pride that I was their brother ; although, by the arrangements of government, I was not regarded a citizen, nor entitled to the protection of a citizen. I wish some of our little half-penny politicians could have been there those who are talking about going to war respecting a little' piece of land, when we have more' now than we know what to do with. I should like to have asked them the question, whether they would like the response bility to rest on tbem of throwing a bomb-shell into that assembly, to burst and scatter the brains of me" women and children, who are as good as themselves. I have been here now three months; and have not seen a man or woman whose throat I would like to cut, or for whom I have not felt as deep a sympathy as I should if he or she bad been an American.,, wish people had a little more common sense, as well as Christian principle, instead of so much political swaggering and bombast. It would be much better for the race,' and the progress of humanity, as well as their own individual peace. Here are numan neings in tne streets, in almost a state of starvation. My heart bleeds at the sights 1 meet every day women begging for bread, to keep their hungry children from starving.. At this moment, I am told that in some parts of Ireland, people are starving for lack of food. Nearly five . millions of the Irish subsist almost entirely on potatoes, and now that these are cut off, the most fearful consequences are apprehended.; Public meetings have been held in Dublin,' and other parts of Ireland, to devise VOLUME XVI NO. L, some measures to keep tho peopl from starring. It has been ascertained that, unless they have assistance from abroad, thousands must starve ! ' New I think thatif the people of the United Btates wish to do something more glorious than that of tbe acquisition of national revenue,' or the Oregon territory, they! had better send over some of their torn Tu provisions to those starving millions. It is high tme that aa-tional strength, as well as tbst of individuals, was turn-' ed to the saving of men's lives,' instead of destroying .them. Too long have we neglected the lest policy, s well as oor Christian dufj, by oppressing and destroying the people of other nations, instead of making them our friends by offices of kindness and gocd will. Now is the time to begin. The people of this country, though depressed and degraded by government, are awaking to a more just conception of their rights, Dd trcrifer determination to have them. The free trad uoTement is do'wg much to enlighten the prrple. It U tbe radical movement in this country, and bears the ssr relation to this that Anti-Slavery dees to ears. The friends of free trade bave a powerful eppesitkn frora-the aristocracy, who have not only menr polite d all the land, but claim the right, and bave taxed tbe poor roan's bread the staff of life. Tbe prrple think it quite enough for them to have the land, without government interposing to ermpe! the poor to pay for what they raise, at a higher price than it can be imported ; and they are determined not to bear it much longer. I attended a ; free trade meeting at Maa-. cheater in the Free Trade Hall, which was crowded full of enthusiastic people. Not less than eight thousand were present. Addresses ' were made by Cobden, Bright and others. Cobden is a strong man, one of those clear-headed men who look through a subject, and strike where the blows will tell. Bright is a member of the Society of Friends, but differs from some of them in this particular : he believes the world is to be reformed by doing something. He i a clear, forcible speaker,' and carries the audience with him. He speaks in the earnest, soul-stirring style of a reformer, more than that of a politician. V 1 was .much pleased with the spirit ofthe' meeting. It reminded me of one - of our New-England Con-ventions. In the determined manner and earnest look, 1 could read the doom of the Corn-Laws. 1 am satisfied that the day is not far distant, when not only tbe Corn-Laws will go by the board, but many other oppressive duties. The people are getting free, and are speaking out, which is all that is wanted. Truth is omnipotent, and will prevail. ' I am stopping, for a few days, at Liverpool, with the Hutchinson Family. They sung four times last week, in this city, and once in the ancient city of Chester, to full houses, and were most enthusiastically cheered. Their anti-slavery songs go finely. They are getting into notice, which is all that is wanted to give them a great run. They have a great many scientific singers in this country, but they are destitute of soul. I hav listened to many ofthe best performers, but none that inspires me aa do the Hutchinson Family. I find the people here are something like me, for they are now having earnest calls to repeat their songs in places where they have sung before. I have read with deep interest the Liberator and Standard. I have sympathized with yon in all your trials. I trust the Boston Bazaar will be fully equal to the expectations of its friends. Times have changed some since the Bostoniaus held mob meetings in old Faneuil Hall to put down the anti-slavery cause, and especially the anti-slavery women of Boston. 1 think the Old Cradle will be much better sp-propriated now. Let them (the women) go on, until not only Boston pro-slavery is conquered, but slavery itself shall be driven from our land. Then will our country be the freest and the best among the nations, and the friends of humanity throughout the world will rejoice in its triumphs. " Tours aa ever, until the end ofthe struggle, v . . . . JAMES N. BUFFUM. letter fbom eehbt o. wrioet. Glasgow, Nov. 12, 1845. Dear Garbisos: "1 In the box which leaves Liverpool on tbe 19th, are about AO copies of a pamphlet which I have jnst published' here. It has cost me much labor. I know not what you will say of the expediency of publishing such a pamphlet, and of 'making such an appeal to the people here ; but my conscience is at perfect ease as to the righteousness of. my conduct. 1 feel oppressed with the fact that NATIONALISM has supplanted Hubtah Broth rrhoob that Mas is merged in the citizen ; and I could not let pass this opportunity to give a practical illustration of my abhorrence of the fact. I will assert the dignity and glory of mn, and show my contempt for all church and national organizations, when they conflict with the Christian idea of on Father and one family. 1 want you to read this pamphlet, and, if you think best, distribute it. I may be blamed for it; but the people of this kingdom have as good a right to seek the overthrow of the slaveholding government of America, by Christian, bloodless means, as I bave ; and the people of tbe U. States bave as good a right to use the same means to effect social and political revolutions here, as have Richard Cobden or Robert Peele. 1 assert my right and duty to seek, by bloodless means, to revolutionize any government on ' earth that conflicts with human love and brotherhood, and with the peaceful kingdom of the Son of God.' I owe no allegiance to any human institution, in Church or State, nor will 1 pay any to them. , My allegiance is due only to God. . I feel no revereaes or respect, no love or affection for any human institutions, in Church or State, for times and places, for ordinances and professions. My love and respect are due to human beings, next to God, and to . them I mean to render them, with a full and overflowing heart. When that love and sympathy which priests and their supporters now bestow on . ordinances, - times and places, titles and stations, Church and Stats organizations, are bestowed upon human beings, then, and not before, will Christianity become a practical principle, and God a present governing power to regulate tbe intercourse of man with man, and raise man to the station where God placed him, bat a little low. er than angels. ; ' " " ; ' '' It is said that I have violated international law and etiquette. I presume I have.? My vindication is, nations violate inter-Aamaa law and etiquette. I cannot be faithful to man, and to nations. 1 shall be accused of treason against my country ; and some will say I ought to be dealt with as a traitor if I ever return. The question never occurs to me whether I aa committing treason against the United States. If the Union sees fit to deal with me aa a traitor, it is welcome to do so for, till it repents, I am its untiring enemy, and shall not cease to do all 1 can, consistent with .my duty to the' Prince of Peace, to t seek its overthrow. Treason against any Asstaa institution is no crime. If any man thinks that any Church er State organization is hurtful to mankind,' it ia his right and dty to seek its destruction by Christian means. If it be said that I am come to this kingdom to seek aid to overthrow the political and domestic institutions of tbat republic, my answer is, that Ihve a right so to do. It is my duty, as a man and a 'Christian, to seek to array the world against American slavery, the American Church and American Republic, as the deadly foes of God and man. It is an honor to any man .to be an instrument in enlisting the feelings and arraying the practice of Britain and the world against American republicanism and religion, whose cornerstone is SLAVERY. ' I. have no wish to repel the char ire tbat I am ia this kingdom for tho parpose , arraying, againat the American Constitution and Union, the publie aantiment of the nation,, ana ss, seek the aid of the people here to procure' their overthrow. . And when I say this, U is nnneceasary for me to add, thil the only aid I wish, or wonM aceejf. irt)

Clipped articles people have found on this page

Get access to

  • The largest online newspaper archive
  • 22,200+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
  • Millions of additional pages added every month

Try it free