The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts on January 24, 1851 · Page 1
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The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts · Page 1

Boston, Massachusetts
Issue Date:
Friday, January 24, 1851
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THE LIBERATOR ' IS ri'BMiMIED EVERY FRIDAY MORNLN'Q, , ASTI-SLAVERT OFFICE, 21 CORSIIILLl xro ttixioxt 7rra 6XJtezoxje3 . . jr Aounacnrt wrrs: uu.' . C7- Yes 1 it cannot be denld the slarslM&ias; lords of the Sooth preterit, as condition of their assent so the ConatUntiom, thro special previsions to cure the perpetoity of their dominion ovei-their slaves The first was the immunity, for twenty years, of preferring the African slave trade ; the second was the stipulation to surrender fugitive slaves -an en gagemewrpoi'iUrely prohibited by the laws of God. delivered from Sinai ; and, thirdly, the exaction,' fatal to the principles of popular representation, of a representation for slave for articles of merchandise, under the name of persons. . . To call government thns constituted a democracy, is to insult the understanding of mankind. ; It is doubly tainted with, the infection of riches and slavery. Its reciprocal operation npon the government of the nation is to establish an artificial majority in the slave representation over that of the free people, in the American. Congi easy and thereby to make the PRESERVATION, PROPAGATION AND PERPETUATION OF SLAVERY THE VITAL AND ANIMATING SPIRIT OF TOETfAr TIONAIj GOVERNMENT, Johsi. Qcixct Adams Robert F. Wallcut, General Agent RT T) $2 50 per annum, in advance.. . All remittances are to be made, and all letters elating to the pecuniary concerns of the paper are to be directed, (post rm,) to the General Agent. 17 Fire copies will be sent to one address for ten dollars, if payment be made in advance. fjp Advertisements making less than a square in-ettcd three times for 73 cts. one square for $1 00. QTThe Agents of the- American. Massachusetts, Pennsylvania and Ohio Anti-Slavery Societies are authorised to receive subscriptions for the Liberator. Financial Committee. Francis Jackson, Ellis Ojikx Loaixo, Edmcxd Qcixct, Samcfl Philbrick, Wbxokh. PRiLLifs. This Committee is responsible only for the financial economy of the paper not for any of its debts. ; WM. LLOYD GARRISON, EDITOR. OUR COUNTRY IS THE WORLD OUR COUNTRYMEN ARE AL& 'eLAITCXND. J. B. YERRINTON & SON, PRINTERS, j TOL. XXI. NO. 4. BOSTON, MASS., FRIDAY, JANUARY 24, 1851 . WHOLE NO. 1046 ttcfugc of pprcsstou. from the Richmond Enquirer. - SLAVE HENRY LONG. The suggestions of the following letter from a friend in Congress, but not from Virginia, will be found to have high merit. They meet our own views exactly. We have not heard of the future destination of Henry Long, but are led to believe that the course traced out in the following letter will be pursued. In New York, the true friends of the slave, not the altolitionists, but the Union men, offered to purchase Long, but the agents of the claimant very properly declined to accept the offer, desiring to make a warning example against further escapes of slaves from the South. House of Representatives, ? Washington, Jan. 10. $ To the Editors of the Enquirer: Gentlemen : The fugitive, Henry Long, having been restored to his master, propositions will be made by Northern abolitionists to purchase his freedom, with a view to his return to New York. Nothing, it seems to me, can be more unfortunate than the return of this man to the North by the means proposed. One, and, to my mind, the chief good which slaveholders may expect 4o realize from the passage of the 44 Fugitive Slave Bill," is the effect it will have upon slaves in the Southern States in preventing their nttempted escape from their masters. They will be less disposed to make this attempt, attended, as it must be, with risk and danger and difficulty, if it is found that, by virtue of the provisions of the late law, he may be recovered. But, if it is found out that when the slave shall have been brought back, in opposition to Northern sentiment, and in spite of the vexatious difficulties and delays thrown in the way of the execution of the law by abolitionists, money is to be advanced by the enemies of the South to purchase his freedom, the inducement to the slave to abscond will be the same as under the old law. Slaves who escape into the free States are usually the property of the most indulgent masters. They are allowed unusual liberties, and thus have greater facilities to escape, and are more exposed to the tempting influences of those who would persuade them to run away from a kind master. Let it be known that such fugitives, when recaptured, shall be sent summarily to the extreme South, and they will be less inclined to leave the certain advantage of servitude, under a kind master, for the doubtful benefit of freedom in one of the Northern States. It seems to me, therefore, that every effort should be made to prevent the owner of Henry from selling him into the hands of Abolitionists, and to persuade him to send him forthwith to the South. An editorial suggestion or recommendation in your paper will have as much influence ns from any other source, is this not a proper case tor tne consideration of the 4 Southern Rights Association ?' There are many good negroes in Richmond, held in slavery, whom you and others would like to see liberated. Suggest to the Abolitionists to apply the funds provided for Henry to the liberation of such. In haste, yours respectfully, A Slaveholder. lnc 4 the In connection with this subject, we ask attention the following statement from Dr. W. W. barker : A CARD. Contradictory statements having been made in regard to the case of the fugitive slave recently returned to our city, it has been thought proper to reconcile these statements as well as may be. The tedious delay and heavy expense attending the case were rather accidental. Had it been practicable to have carried the fugitive, on the day of his arrest, before Judge Betts or Judge Judson, or before some experienced Commissioner, the case would most probably have been disposed ot in a few hours ; certainly, during the first or second day. The conduct of the officers of Government concerned in this prosecution was highly commendable. They performed their duty with much marked promptness and courtesy. The course taken by the Union Safety Committee was eminently praiseworthy. The expenses borne by the Committee exceeded $500, while the costs incurred by the claimant amounted to about $300, which sum would also, perhaps, have been paid by the Committee, had it been deemed proper by the claimant to have made it known. There was also manifested much personal kindness towards the agent-by several members of this Committee, together with other citizens of New York, which he wdl long remember with the liveliest gratitude. And, in conclusion, he desirt-s to say, that he undertook this agency from no wish to test the act of Consrrefs nor the sincerity of the professed Northern Union men; nor from any personal interest whatever, but wholly from a sense of high and very peculiar obligations to Dr. Smith ; and that now, in reviewing calmly the whole proceeding in the case, he can find no word of complaint against the conduct or bearing towards himself of any respectable man with whom he came in contact while in New York. WM. W. PARKER?! Richmond, Jan. 13, 1631. J U. 8. GRAND JURY ROOM. District Court for the District of Illinois, December Term, 1650. J Resolved, That we approve of the several compromise measures passed into laws at the last session of Congress ; that we consider these measures as settling the questions in . controversy in relation to slavery in the Territories and the States ; nnd that they ought to be sustained now and hereafter by the Representatives of the people in Congress, and their constituents throughout the Union. Resolved, That we deem it the duty of all CI rand Juries, assembled under the authority of the United States, to take notice of, and present all persons who shall, when requested, neglect or refuse to aid or assist the proper officers of government,' in executing each and every one of these several laws. Resolved, That the forecoing resolutions be signed by the Foreman and Secretary, and published in ine papers oi inu cuy, nu iuo v , mujj' ton city. The foregoing resolutions were unanimously - 1 - 1 I1TII TTTTIf . n auopieu. tvjti. uu iLr.iv, Foreman of the Grand Jury. A true copy Attest : I). Rockwell, Secretary. FRIGHTFUL 1 (jyThe following preamble and resolutions were introduced into the Legislature of South Carolina by B.F. Ferry, Eq.: Horse or Representatives, ? Nov. 29, 1850. Whereas, the recent legislation of Congress, on the subiect of slavery, and the continued agression of the North , on the rights of the South, render it necessary last an tne siaveuoioing Mate saouia take common counsel and action for their own security and honor; and whereas, tho Nashville Convention have recommended a Southern Congress, for the purpose of considering' our grievances, and prescribing the mode and measure of redress ; Be it therefore Resolved, That this Legislature do hereby heartily concur in the proposition to convene a Congress of the Southern States, for the purpose of obtaining security for the future, as well as indemnity for the past ; and the committee on the Judiciary are hereby instructed to report a bill for the election of representatives, on the part of South Carolina, to such Congress. Be it further Resolved, That in case any of the Southern States should refuse or neglect to appoint delegates to a Southern Congress, then it shall be the duty of his Excellency the Governor to send delegates to such States, to urge the people and the Legislatures thereof to unite with the other Southern States, in a Congress of the whole So:ith. LUDICROUS AND PITIABLE ! Mr. Ritchie, (the Satanic Editor of the Washington Union,) having heard that Jenny Lind had given $1000 to the Abolition Society, wrote to Mr. Barnum to inquire whether this was so. Mr. Bar-num replies as follows : Barncm's Hotel, Baltimore, December 14, 1850. Dear Sir: In reply to your letter of yesterday, inquiring whether there is any truth in the report, that M'lle Jenny Lind has given a donation to an association of abolitionists. I beg to state most emphatically, that there is not the slightest foundation for such a statement. I feel no hesitation in saying that this lady never gave a farthing for any such purpose, and that her oft-expressed admiration for our noble system of government convinces ine that she prizes too dear the glorious institutions of our country to lend the slightest sanction to any attack upon the union of these States. I have the honor to remain, your obedient servant, P. T. BARNUM. Mr. Ritchie says that he was determined to set that lady right with the sunny South, which she was about to visit, and that, in addition to Mr. Barn urn's denial, he also 4 had it from the lips of M'lle Jenny Lind herself, that she had never given any money to the abolitionists, and never meant to give any.' 4 Would ' he ejaculates would that we could impart to this paper the charming naivete with which she expressed herself on this subject!' . Selections. From the Albany Atlas. IMPORTANT CORRESPONDENCE THE UNION SAVED. We had yesterday the inexpressible felicity of ayinsr before our readers a correspondence between Thos. Ritchie of Washington, who, (breaking through all the restraints of a narrow conventionalism and mere delicacy.) boldly alluded to the 'secret and in sidious reports,' which attributed to Miss Jenny Lind connivance in certain 4 alarming and detestable projects': and Mr. Barnum, who assured the venerable editor that he felt convinced, that Miss L. had no intention 4 to lend the slightest sanction to any attack upon the Union of the States.' The correspondence, an enduring memorial ot that vigilance which is tho salvation of all repub- ics, did not end here. If the 4 iNightingale re ally intended to attack the Union of the States, she was ettectually toiled Dy our native oiru our Ritchie a bird that has a second time, oy a timely warninsr. saved a republic. But the supplementa ry correspondence which we supply, shows that the vigilance of our faithful sentinel at the capital was not exhausted by a single effort. Ritchie to Barnum So. 2. Washington, Dec. 12, 1850. Dear Sir, I understand that there is an insidi ous report in secret circulation calculated, if not designed, to injure you in the estimation of the peo ple of the city and ot the outh, and to cast a doubt upon the reputation of an ancient and venerable female once associated with you. It is understood that the late Miss Joice Heath was a 4 fugitive from service,' and that the favor with which she was re ceived at the North was due less to her intrinsic ue r its as a woman, (and I am proud to say a Virgin ian.) than to the alarming and detestable enmity which the abolitionists of the North have felt and manifested towards the fugitive bill of 33, the prin ciples of "OS, and the compromises of the Constitu tion. Do me the favor to say whether this report is not without the slightest foundation. With sentiments of high consideration, Thomas Ritchie. To P. T. Barnum. Jlr. Barnum to .Vr. Jtitchie-'So. 2. Washington, Dec. 12, 1850. Venerable and Dear Sir, Permit me to thank you for the promptitude with which you have unfolded to me the insidious reports, which have attributed alarming and detestable projects against the Union, to the tate Joice Heath, and which, it true, would ne cessarily involve an imputation upon my devotion to the Constitution. Let me assure you that horn my intercourse with the lale J. li I have no hesitation n saying that that excellent lady would never have sanctioned, at any tune during her prolonged life, any attack upon the Union of the States that she was sympathetically attached to the principles of 1.?, and the compromises of the Constitution, and the pe culiar institutions of the South ; and I am sure would, if either had been endangered, have been the first to rally to your side to fight, bleed and die in the defence. As to myselt, let me assure you that the memories of the compromisers of the Constitu tion, and the principles ot 1t,andot yourself, their defender, will occupy a place in my mind, henceforth, side by uide with that of that venerable and estimable woman, your compatriot, whose fame you havo thus enabled me to defend. P. T. Barncm. To Thomas Ritchie. Ritchie to Barnum No. 3. Washington, Dec. 12, 1850. Dear Sir, An insidious report has just been put secretly in circulation, that you daily exhibit to the abolitionists of the North, a black man in the process of turning white, with the intention of re flecting upon the peculiar institutions oi tne south, The public mind is in such an excitable state, and the Union is in such danerer of dissolution, that feel it my duty to call upon you to disabuse the citi- iens oi uie ooutn on Una subject. ... , :, -r Yours in haste, . Thomas Ritchie. s ToP.T. Barnum. liarnum to Ritchie No. 3. Washington, Dec. 12, 1850. Dear Sir, It is true that I did exhibit at my Museum, in New York, a negro of spotted color ; but it is false that I intended either to reflect npon your peculiar institutions or upon the public men in this city, who are said to have reversed the process, and to have changed their complexion in an opposite direction. Let me enable you also to appease a pub ic feeling that may have been excited on this matter, by assuring you that, upon the passage of the Com-' promise as a finality, I immediately arrested the process of bleaching to which the negro was subjected, and that upon reading the letter of Mr. Webster, he so far conquered his prejudices' as to consent to preserve his complexion half black and half white, rather than by inclining to either side, to disturb the balance of the Union, and precipitate our institutions into the golf which, as you have repeatedly observed in your paper, and have impressed upon your read ers, yawns beneath.' That patriotic negro, sir, a Virginian like yourself and the late Mrs. Heath, now stands a living and walking impersonation of the spirit of concession, conciliation and compro mise. With profound respect. P. T. Barncm. To Thomas Ritchie. Ritchie to Barnum No. 4. Washington, Dec. 12, 1850. . . Dear Sir, Another secret and insidious report has just been started ; it is that in the Fejee Mer maid, you have intended to satinze the recent coali tion (so called) upon the Compromise bill, between my friend Gen. Foote, ot Mississippi, (impudently typified by the monkey head of the Fejee monster aforesaid,) and the distinguished Secretary ot State, Daniel Webster of Massachusetts, who is said to be personated by the Codfish in which the ingenious fabrication alluded to terminates. I need hardly tell you how much such a report is calculated to alarm and irritate the recent friends of the Compromise, and particularly the city of the South. Enable me to contradict the aspersion, if false. Yours, Thomas Ritchie. To P. T. Barnum. Barnum to Ritchie No. 4. Washington, Dec. 12, 1850. Dear Sir, Permit me to give you my solemn assurance, that I intended to point no such moral as you have alluded to, while adorning the tail of the Mermaid tor my Museum, lou style that work 4 an ingenious fabrication.' buch praise trom one so ex perienced is high indeed. But permit me to add, that it is not only ingenious but patriotic. The Mermaid is the type of the conjunction of interests of the two sections of the country. . Strike off the head, and what is it? Cut off the tail, and what is the mutilated remainder ? . Sir, I stand by the Mermaid as it is ! louch the Mermaid, and what becomes ot our property, our contracts, our institutions, and the lopes ot the world ? Gone, bir, gone! W lth deep teenng, yours, P. T. Barnl-ji. To Thomas Ritchie. Ritchie to Barnum No. 5. Washington, Dec. 12 Midnight Dear Sir, I have just been aroused from a brief repose, after the exhaustion of continual watchiDg over the Union of the States (at every moment in danger of being dissolved) by Gen. Foote, of Miss., who informs me that innumerable muskets have oecn ordered, and that as soon as a loan can be effected at the State Bank for the purpose of buying powder, the confederacy, already undermined, will be blown up. Gen. F. informs me that Gen. tiuattlebum has taken command ; that hostilities, if commenced, will not stop short of victory, or the utter annihilation of the ardent and chivilrous sons of the South, always anxious to die for their country. These preparations have been made upon hearing that Gen. Stratton otherwise called Gen. Thomas Thumb has been approaching the South, with the intention ot crossing the Jfotomac. That Gen. 1. is a Northern man, I believe is admitted that he entertains Northern feelings, it is natural for us to apprehend. It is alleged, even, that, like the notorious Thompson, he is an emissary of England and France, bribed with foreign gold to break up the Union ot the States. If Northern military chieftains are thus to invade the South with impunity, 1 need not say that I too feel my apprehension for the destruction of the Republic. I say, that in that case, the crisis has arrived ; and that V irginia must again assume the task of saving the Union, (pretermitting secession) by re-enacting the resolutions ot tjc. Fermit me to conclude by assuring you that while I myself, and Gen. Foote, would be willing to meet you and the military commander, your associate, as friends, we are nevertheless prepared to encounter you, like pat riotic sons of the isouth, in deadly combat upon its sunny fields. W ith such sentiments as the hope ot the character of your answer may permit me to indulge, I re main, lHOMAS KITCHIE. To P. T. Barnum. Barnum to Ritchie No. 5. Washington, Dec. 13 3 A. M. Dear Sir, 1 have just been aroused to receive your startling epistle. Anticipating the fears which might naturally be excited by the march ot a mili tary commander towards the Southern States, I secured from General Thumb the promise not to cross the Potomac Gen. 1 . is ambitious ; he has held acquaintance with Kings and Queens ; he might aspire to distinguish himself in a crisis like this, for which he feels himself fitted, and upon fields where he is sure of distinction. But Gen. T. is no Cssar. He will not cross the Rubicon! He has no design at present upon the Union of the States ; if he ever had, his guilty ambition would be chastened by the contemplation of the disorder and panic which even rumors of hostile designs have created, and by those exhortations in favor of the Constitution (and its Compromises) which have flowed from your eloquent pen. I beg you to re-assure your ardent and chivalrous friends at the South, and particularly Gen. Foote, whom my friend General Thumb holds in high estimation, that the alarm in this matter is without foundation. P. T. Barnum. To Thomas Ritchie. Thus closed m correspondence,' copies of which, and of the letters about Miss Lind, previously published, were immediately forwarded to the Governors of the Southern States, and to the Legislature of South Carolina. The effect has been most happy. : South Carolina has abandoned her armament, Quattlebum has sheathed his sword. Order reigns at Washington, and Mr. Ritchie, who has been absorbed in a king vigil in behalf of the Union, can now turn his attention to his printing contracts, and those Utile jobs with which patriots, after a crisis, occasionally regale and reward t ham Ives. m tne r. Y. .Evening Post. . LETTER FROM JOHN BROWN, THE FERRYMAN, TO THE N. Y. EVENING POST. Jerset Ferrt, Dec 27, Webster has been on to dine with the New England Society, and I perceive, by your paper, has been making one of his evangelical speeches again. The moment I read the report of it, 1 knew the old sinner had been cntting up ; for it is his way, whenever he has been giving his propensities an airing, to go somewhere and make a pious speech. In the short extract which you give from his exordium, of about twenty lines, I find the name of God used six times, and the last time in the following connection : 4 Would to God,' said he, we possessed, and I hope we do possess, the resolution which they possessed, referring to the Pilgrims in 1620, stronger than bars of brass or iron, and above all, that faith, that original faith, which, trith Us eye fast fired on Heaven, tramples all things earthly beneath us trium phant feet! 1 was cnrious to known what the old man had been doing, that made it necessary for him to go, as your reporter says, twenty-seven hours without sleep, in order to evangelize the members of the New England Society just at this time. I asked every one that crossed the ferry, from Washington, but I could hear nothing till last night, when who came on to New York with Webster, told me all about it. It seemed from the story, that Webster was present at Jenny Lind's last concert in Washington. While she was singing one of her popular pieces my informant could not tell me the name Webster began to accompany her with his voice, keeping time with his head. Mrs. Webster checked him several times, having observed that his music and motions were attracting the attention of his neighbors, but he would not stay checked. He was soon observed by Jenny, who seemed to be flattered at having such distinguished assistance at herconcert, and recognised her obligations by a bow, as she supposed, in re sponse to the bows of the Secretary. The Secretary did not observe her obeisance, however, at first, but kept on singing louder and louder, and marking the time by bowing lower and lower, while the Nightingale, oppressed by the Secretary's condescension, bowed and bowed again. Thus they went on bobbing their heads towards each other, like two Mandarins in a grocery window, till the Secretary dis covered that he was the object of Jenny's compli mentary notice, when he rose from his seat, with all the promptitude which the circumstances of the case admitted of, stepped out into the aisle, and made her three most profound bows. The occasion of this most extraordinary exhibition was not known until some one remarked that he had dined that day with Webster, at Bodisco's. The whole thing was then intelligible, for the distinguished champion ot the Bible and the Union has never yet been known to dine with the Russian Minister without going home tight This, I believe, though, was his first appearance as a public singer, and the inevitable inference is, that he must have been more exhilarated, either by the Russ's wine or the Swede's musjc, than he hart ever been before on any public occasion. Jenny left next day, highly elated with her triumph, little dreaming that the glory of it was to be shared with Mr. Bodisco's Burgundy. When Mr. Webster awoke the next day, and learned from his wife what an exhibition he had been making of himself the night before, the old man ruminated a few moments, and then said that if Cass would move to terminate all diplomatic relations with Russia, he would - be delighted, and would make it an administration measure; for as long as Bodisco was in Washington, he found it impossible to maintain his virtue, unless, like Cato, lie warmed it frequently with wine. 4 However,' continued he, 4 this will be all over Washington in a few days; so I must go some where and make an evangelical speech, or the people in the country may get bold ot it .nnd believe it such l learn to' have been the exigency which drove the Secretary to New York to undergo his purgation before the New England Society. For the past three weeks, Webster has been up to his eyes in an intrigue to defeat the choice of Charles Sumner as a United states senator, to succeed Mr. Winthrop. He jcannot bring himself to contemplate, with any composure, the mortifying rebuke which Sumner's election would, at this time, inflict upon him, and he has had Caleb Cush-ing on at Washington, to assist him in averting such a calamity, which it is proposed that he shall do in this wise : Caleb has been to the Legislature of Massachusetts, and it is agreed that the cotton Whigs shall support him as a candidate for the Senate, provided he will secure the support of enough Democrats to deteat ssumner; and, on tne other hand, Cushing and his friends are to vote for Samuel Eliot, if that course shall be found more effectual. Cushing has gone home, and is now counting noses, to see what can be done. The knowing ones say that, in this intrigue, the Secretary is to sustain another deteat. lours, die, JOHN BROWN, Ferryman. C""llere is another article Trom the pen. of the ihlK quaint and racy writer : A dry goods clerk in Jersey City told me a good story a day or two since, about the Editors of the Uav Book, fetimpson &. t oster, which may interest you, if you have taken notice of the solicitude recent ly exhibited by them to gain notoriety at the South as the champions ot slavery. That feature of their pa per indeed, from all I can learn, it has no other is specially commended by Cass and Dickinson, in a certificate appended to a printed circular, which has been 6ent all through the Southern States. Well I my Jersey City friend tells roe that both Stimpson and Foster were clerks of Arthur Tappan, during the famous abolition riots, some twelve or fifteen years ago, and one or both used to carry food to George 1 hompson, the Abolition lecturer from Lng- land, who bad provoked the riots, and who bad found a shelter from the fury of the mob in one of the lofts of Mr. Tappan's store. There were other circumstances mentioned to me, calculated to confirm the impression that these men have but recently be come aware of the beneficence of slavery. It seems that within a year they have sought to merge their paper into the Tribune, and were only unsuccessful, I believe, because Mr. Greeley did not desire to have them associated with him. nor did he estimate the value of their property or their services as high as they did, whence, instead of preaching anti-slavery from the column of the Tribune, they are now preaching slavery in the Day Book, in the hope of attracting the favorable notice of the South by their noise. It deserves, also, to be borne in mind, that Foster was a year or two one of the assistant editors of the Tribune, during which period he, doubtless, exhausted the availability of those precepts which he imbibed under the tuition of Arthur Tappan. More anon from , ...i :.!:,., -v .-.w . .... Your faithful ootieapocdenV c i.- JOHN BROWN, Farryman from tne Syracuse Liberty Party Paper. . . j RECEPTION OF W. I CHAPLIN AT THE CITY- OF SYRACUSE. The Congregational Church waa filled to a jam, aisles and all, at an early hour. About naif past six, the noise of applause at the entrance begnn, and soon passed over the assembly like a boisterous wave, and S. J. May was making way through the crowd, followed by Gen. Chaplin, J. C. Hathway, and W. R. Smith. An anthem to Liberty was chanted in the gallery, after which Mr. May, in an appropriate speech, introduced Mr. Chaplin to the assembly. He rose in the midst of great applause. So soon as the introductory ceremony was con cluded, J. W. Loguen, of this .city, came forward and addressed him as follows : Gen. Chaplin, I am a colored man and a fugitive slave. In behalf of the colored men and fugitive slaves of my country, I wish to address you. I arise. Sir, as their organ, to express the gratitude of our souls that you nave escaped from the cruel prison, and have come among us, that we may look upon you, and indulge the unutterable feelings of gratitude for the self-sacrificinv kindness you have shown us, in our prostrate and suffering condition. Sir, we give you our thanks. We know your labors, your devotion, and your sacrifices in our be half, and from our inmost souls we thank you. We thank God that you have lived that he has given to the world such a man, to be our deliverer, our comforter, a self-sacrificing, fearless benefactor. I can see around, here and there, in this vast assembly. many faces turned to you, lighted up with expres sions of unutterable thankfulness. They are per sons, Nir, that owe their comforts, their families, and their liberties to your noble daring and great-hearted philanthropy. They look to you as their deliverer from the infernal prison-house. Sir, the black man has many mends but they are notall of that kind who are ready to go down and meet ns at the spot where American tyranny has placed us, and there, where help is most needed, and its proffer most grateful, to offer themselves as our deliverers. . There is where the slave wants help. Had he sufficient aid at that point, his chains would be broken in a thousand fragments, and he would instantly rejoice in freedom. Sir, your name will dwell on the lips of the colored man forever. Our children, to the latest time, will repeat your name with gratitude, and dwell on it with delight. ; When shut up in the slaveholders prison, we have prayed for you. We asked God, in the fervor of our souls, as the faithful prayed for Peter, to deliver you from your dungeon, that we might see your face, and that your voice might fall upon our families, and be heard on our hills and valleys, where you formerly so ably, and at such great sacrifice, pleaded for the slave. We prayed that you might be spared to continue your labors of love and mercy that God would still make you instrumental in delivering oar fathers-, and mothers, and sisters, and brothers, from the cruel clutches of slavery. May God bless you and deliver yon from the hand of the wicked, and make you still a glorious instru ment ot mercy to the poor ! The Liberty Party Paper, in the course of its ac count of the proceedings of a Convention held at Sy-. racuse, .N. Y. on the 7th and 8th instant, in opposition to the Fugitive Slave Bill, says We witnessed here one of the most thrilling and melting scenes we ever did witness. The Financial Committee reported that they must raise the enormous sum of $U.000, and save the generous men, some of whom had obligated themselves to the amount of their entire estates, and save tho noble Chaplin, also, from returning and giving his life to his murderers, as the means of saving those estates. The report was accepted, and the contributions were flowing in from the immense assembly to make the sum of $1000, the amount assessed upon it. During this scene, Chap lin sat by our side, with his arm resting on the table, and his hand covering a part of his forehead and eyes, in a vain attempt to conceal the emotion of his swelling bosom. To one who knew him as well as we do, these emotions were apparent. A voice from the extreme part of the house called. 4 let us see Mr. Chaplin !' Louder and louder still came the call from the vast assembly. His feelings held him to his seat, and we took bim by the arm, and led him, with a modesty and sensibility which such an occasion only could affect, and which, for the moment, seemed to choke his utterance. He stood before the great assembly, but could not speak. Such a tempest of applanse was soon raised as never before shook the City Hall. Long and continued the shoot went up men swung their hats and shouted, God bless him ! ' Glorious fellow ! Chaplin for ever ! Hurrah upon hurrah rolled np for minutes not a particle of dust that had been deposited on the floor but floated in the air. Women and youth and men shouted and wept. We saw men and women, whose limbs were stiff with age, and whose appearance testified that they were present to witness the conduct of their posterity on a great occasion we saw them looking with swimming eyes upon the erect person and manly frame of the hero. We thought of those lines of Walter Scott Woe betide a nation when she sees the tears of bearded men. It was a scene that eclipsed any pageant that we ever read of- congratulation that kings and conquerors might envy but not enjoy. We would rather merit the gush of popular gratitudo and thankfulness that flowed upon oar brother, than all the honor and empire that the conquerors of the earth attained. When the applause had died away. General Chaplin said, if he thought the contributions were making for him, and no great principles were involved, he would arrest them, and go back to a Maryland prison, and suffer and die as others Buffer. He was willing to identify himself with the poor. Imprisonment, said he, in a Maryland penitentiary, im a great, but not the greatest calamity. He might die there, but, in his opinion, also, there was a calamity greater still than death it is the accusing, withering, killing consciousness that yon have left the poor to perish, when they have stretched their hands to you for mercy and deliverance. But we can't report his speech. , , ' '. A lady said to us, that the applause of that occasion seemed like an offering of hearts on the altar of freedom, and that a response was echoed from Heaven. We never witnessed a sublimer effect. . CAPTAIN DRAYTON; Chaplin has bought a respite from his persecutors for $19,000, and we see his face again. But where is Drayton? Chained, yes, literally in chain in a dungeon at the capital, in the nation's prison. His liberty is limited to the length of his chains in his, granite cell. That dark, uncomfortable, solitary cell encloses one of the greatest hearts that ever beat in the human bosom. For more than two years has Drayton been ironed np there, incessantly, in the stench of his infernal prison, under Mr. Fillmore and his predecessors, and not one groan has escaped his noble soul. His dreadful persecution, which is to ... . . , ........ t - .... . . have no end, has not abated one iota of his iron-hearted courage. ' There lies tie heroic Drayton, and there he will lie nntil death comes to his rescue, ere ne pays, himself; or consents that hia friends shall pay, one cent of the $17,000 which the infernal villany of the courts have put upon him, as the means of putting him into the hands of the most unrelenting tyrants that ever gloated over suffering innocence. , His crime was anchoring in the month of the Chesapeake with eighty persons who had come on board his vessel as passengers to Philadelphia, who turned out to be unfortunate slaves . seeking liberty at the North, but which was unknown to him when they came aboard. That is the crime for which he is. thus imprisoned. It is the crime of Kossuth and not Kossnth,or any other hero that ever lived, bore his per secution more like a hero and a martyr, or deserved II lew. ,. .. . r . . , Citizens of America! We ma v not longer contem plate in peace and quiet this diabolical torture of a just and merciful benefactor. ' If there is not energy and ability in this country to give freedom to this : man, let us invoke the kingdoms of Europe; let ns', appeal to the crowned heads of Christendom and Heathendom. Let us publish this aatanic tyranny ' in the different languages of mankind, in an appeal in his behalf. Hid. - -1 - - - - - LIFE IN NORTH CAROLINA. Rev. Wm. S. B&lch. of New York, has just been down in North Carolina preaching, and has written home to the Christian Messenger some notes of his travels. The following is his account of hia first ' day's wheeling through the heart of the State, after leaving the Railroad at Goldsborough i '' After breakfast, I started in an open baggy for Kins- ton: I sa w by the map it lay in the line to this place. No body at Goldsboro. nor the conductor or super- ' intendent of the railroad, who was along, could tell me the distance, nor the way to get here. So I bad to start at a hazard with a 4 boy, which . means . here a slave, and a small, miserable lookinir horse. Goldsboro' has a little Court House, and a dozen or two dwellings and slave-huts, scattered among the . pine trees, in the wildest imaginable confusion. A ,, little way out I saw a small, dingy building the 4 boy , said it was a school-house. We passed on, and such' ; a road, and such a country, and such houses, and such people, and such a day! Oh! heavens! I did not -expect to see all this in . the sunny . and chivalrous South.' These scattered plantations, with a few wretched log huts, dropped down in the edge of the : wooasvau open, ana airty, ana coraioruessr caoins v., Ireland! why, Irish mud-hovels are palaces .of com- . fort, compared with many of them, for they are dry and warm. Their thick walla and thatched roofs protect the starved inmates from the chill night and ' drenching rains. These do neither. Bat these are negroes? JNo, not all of them ; for J saw some whites in as wretched plights as I ever 1 saw - in Ire- - land or Italy one family, a few miles out from Golds- boro', which for destitution surpassed any thing 1 ever . beheld or dreamed of in my life.- The boy 'stop- ; ped to water his horse. For an excuse, I stepped to the door to borrow a cop for some dnnk..-Two - flaxen-haired boys, about the door one, it might be, ' five, the other three with what : were shirts ones hanging on their shoulders, and stringing in rags down to their hips, constituted all their clothing, and the day was chill and wet. Insidewas an' infant, eight or nine months old, dressed as the others, and - lying on the nasty floor. On the bench of a loom, n standing near the fire, was sitting the tall figure, or : rather shadow, of a woman. She left her loom, and went to the dresser and took down the only tea-cup, and handed it to me. I regarded her pale, cadaverous visage, as she lifted her sunken eyes to me, for an -instant, with a shudder of horror, as when one sees -unexpectedly a human skeleton stand op before him ; and I shrunk from her with similar feelings. I could not speak. I took the cup from her attenuated fin-- gers, and went to the well a bole dug in the ground, -six or eight feet deep, with no stick or stone to curb. it, except above the ground. As 1 returned . nV I noticed a young woman sitting in the corner of the : fire-place, close down to the fire, as if shaking with . the ague. Such a picture of destitution and misery; I did not seo in Kerry, Clare, or. Gal way. The nearest approach to it I saw in Tivoli, near Rome. I have not time to describe other scenes, bat pas on through holes of shallow mod,' from one to ten rods long, ford small streams, meeting once in along -distance, some pale, sickly, ragged, wretched looking man, and now and then a negro, some on the backs of - small, poor horses, which are harnessed into old carta . botched np of round pine sticks, on which are single) . barrels of pitch. In some cases, I met similar cartsy . with a single ox harnessed in not cows, as are seen in Germany. In a few cases, I saw men on horse back ; but met bat two carnages, -and tne stage, with one passenger in it, in a day, and a journey of thirty-four miles. - . ' : ' , ' . ' "- .... A FTJOITIVL' SLAVE'S ORTDZfT7JLL& t '. ' FATBxa IIexso Before the passage of theFsw gitive Slave Law, this devoted ' friend of .his -ace, ' whose executive talents could collect, organize, and control a colony of fugitive slaves, and shape out of -: such crude materials a virtnons, intelligent, self-re-. J specting community, was in the habit of visiting Boston occasionally, and he sometimes selected, and-secured, too, the aid of the wealthy men of that city in his arduous work. Even Samuel A. Eliot, this Haynau of Massachusetts, did not withhold his band, -'. but gave of his abundance to aid the infant colony : of tree blacks who had settled in the inhospitabls climate of western Canada. But when the Fugitive Slave Law was passed, Father Henson dared not - - visit Boston more, lie knew that the man who bad sheltered him under his roof, who ' had written his ; Biography, and commended his example to the younj- r people of America, had proved a traitor to Freedom : in tne hour of trial, and had by bis . vote consigned him, as far as bis vote could do it, to all the tomrs ; of slavery.-. He knew that in Boston be waa not safe for an hour that in all New England,, with her"-" thousands of warm hearts, beating- in sympathy for: - the slave, whether toiling onder the veVdriver's lash or straggling with the poverty and scorn of tho .. . world elsewhere, there was no 4 Truce of God' for r -him. No temple so sacred, no home so inviolate, but. that be could be dragged from it in asammarr t manner, and consigned to all the torments and sol- r -. feriogs incident to the life of a slave; and so fanl turned his face eastward, to seek from the loyal sub- ? jects of a monarduf, that aid and assistance which he did not dare to ask for in person, in this., laad of. the free and home of the brave. .. u fck i ; As an introduction to those to whom he irtgnded t i to appeal in Great Britain, the old man earned with him testimonials from the ni&heat o5cers iof thau-. Canadian ; Government ; and ejneag ,tbn one, which, in its statement of a single simple ftct in the -. history of this good man's life, pssssd a, higher ea , . logium upon his moral worth, and his character as si-man and Christian, than was ever before paid is the; V loftiest scrams ex eioqnence, or try tns soost g-384 Saras, to any aoman oeug. lit waa ta the Sheriff1 of. the Coanty ad Canada. Henson resides, m fast! tkot, sWsnj

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