160 T H E L 1 B E It A T. O It m 3 m t.i ! 1 If if ;'t '.- ! : H ?8 Petitions ! Sign Them ! The following form of petitions to Congress and the Stale Legislature has been adopted for circulation by th Board of Managers of the faas. A. S. Society. Let all the people sign them ! To the Congrtss rf the United States. Thelindersiirned, of Common wealth of pray that the custom- iary diplomatic and commercial relation be -entered nto between this country and the Republic of Haiti, on the following grounds, m liich your petitioners are informed and believe to be correct. FfrsL The United States being the only nation which is not placed on a footinsr of reciprocity with that Republic, we are therefore obliged to piy a duty on imports of 10 per cent, ami v per cent, aa ditional tonnage dutv. Second. Because wc imported more from Haiti in 1837, than from either Prussia, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Belgium, irortngai, oicuy, Austria, i ur-iey, Morocco, Greece, Chili, Peru, or Buenos Ayres in all of which countries wo have Consuls, end in some an expensive embassage. Third. Because the trade of Haiti is of greater proportionate value to us, being chiefly carried on by our own snipping, wus auumg the prom oi tne carrying; trade to those of ordinary mercantile cx changes. Fourth. Because wc could then come into the market with the domestic products from the Eastern States, such as Codfish, Mackerel, Herring. Oil, soap, candles and bumber; ironi uie "encra States, with Fork, Lrd snu flour ; irom uie Middle SUtes witk Corn-meal and r lour ana undersell the British merchants who now undersell us with a very inferior srticle ; and even in the sale of East India goods, we could at least compete with other nations. Fifth. Because the fact that our vessels can carry thither Uie produce of foreign countries, ar.d be admitted to an entry irom any loreign port, Dcsioes settin? return cargoes, which, from the English Islands, is for the most part impracticable, renders this trade peculiarly desirable. Sixth. Because the increase of the population of Haiti, since 1804. from 400,000 to V00,0U0, and the yearly increase in the productions and exports of that island, authorises the inference mat tnis traue will continue to increase in importance. -' Seventh. And principally, because it is wrong to make a difference in color a reason for a departure from the invariable usage of this Government, which requires a recognition of Uie national independence of the Republic of Haiti. To the Congress of the United Stales. The petition of the undersigned, citizens of in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, respectfully represent, that at the session of the Legislature of said Commonwealth, hajld in the year 1840, the following resolution- were adopted by large majorities in both branches of the Legislature. Whereas, Domestic Slavery exists in the District of Columbia, under the express authority f Congress, which, at the time of the cession of the District, re-enacted ihe Slave Codes of Maryland and Virginia ; and whereas the sanction thus given t Slavery, and its continued toleration at the scat of government, forma manifest violation, by this nation, of the first principles of justice, and have a tendency to corrupt the moral sense, and to lower the character of the whole people of the United States ; and whereas this nation can have no higher interest, -i I her before God, or in the eye of men, than the establishing ofjuslice, and strengthening the just foundations of national honor; and whereat Slavery in the District of Columbia being thus a national concern, and involving national responsibility, it is the right of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to remonstrate against the common wrong, and the degradation of national character J therefore, Resolved, That Congress ought to exercise its acknowledged power in the immediate suppression of Slavery and the Slave trade in the District of Columbia. And whereas, by the Constitution of the United Stales, Congress has the power to icgulale commerce with foreign nations, and between the several States of the Union, in the exercise of which power, Congress, in the year eighteen hundred and eight, abolished the foreign Slave trade ; and whereas, a domestic Slave trade, as unjuslificable in principle as the African Slave trade, and scarcely less cruel and inhuman in practice, is now carried on between the several Slates ; therefore. Resolved, That the domestic slave trade between the several States ought to be abolished by Congress without delay. Your petitioners, fully concurring in the above resolutions, request that Congress will immediately abolish slavery and the Slave trade in the District of Columbia and in the Territories n th inter-c oiitb irautt uexween the several States of tk. Union. To Ihe Congress of the. United Stales. The petition of the undersigned, citizens of ' in the Conmmonwealth of Massichu- aetts, represents that they are earnestly desirous that the Government of the U. S. should take no step, the direct tendency of which would be to extend and perpetuate the curse and sin of Slavery in this land. Wherefore they respectfully request that neither Florida nor any other new State may be admitted into the Union, whoso Constitution of Government hall tolerate Domestic Slavery. i To the. Congrtss of tlu United Slates. The petition of the undersigned, citizens of in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, respectfully represents tint your petitioners are conscientiously scrupulous of interfering personally through their official agents in the internal concerns of the Slave States of this Union, either by restoring their fugitive Slaves, aiding in suppress ing Slave insurrections, or in any manner or fiom helping to keep any portion of4heir population in a - condition of Slavery. ) Wherefore thejtask that you will be pleased to take measures for amending the Constitution of the United States, either so as to abolish Slavery, or so as explicity to exonerate the people f each State from all obligation to assist in sustaining it. i To the Senate and Ilrise of Representatives of the r - Commonwealth of Massachusetts. No white person shall intermarry with a Negro, Indian, or Mulatto. Rev. Stat- Chap. 72, Sec. 5. And all marriages between a white -person and a Negro, Indian, or Mulatto, shall, if solemnized within this State, be absolutely void, withoat any decree of divorce, or other legal process. Kev. Slat. Chap. 76, c.ec1. j The petition of the undersigned, of. , " " in the Commonwealth of Massachu setts, respectfully represents, that they regard the law of tliis Commonwealth, which prohibits the intermarriage of persons of different Colors as, practically speaking,) . j 1. Useless, at best, that is, in cases where it may conveniently be evaded. j 2. Far worse than useless, when enforced, because tending to illicit and imnoral connexions. On principle, they view this law, as f 1. Wrong, in the sight of God, who is no respecter of persons. 2. At variance with the Constitution of the State, since it denies that all men are horn equal. Ji. A blot upon the Statute book of !a free State, .bemS n ent vestige of the Slave Code. . A furnishing an argument to Southern Slaveholders in the manifst inconsistency of such a statute with the testimony this Common wealth has repeatedly borne against the debasement of the colored race, resulting from slavery. i 5. Unworthy the dignity of the Commonwealth, since it stands as a perpetual, insult and bade of degradation to a respectable portion of her citfzens. (a. Opposed to the spirit of free institutions, which know no difference amonj men, before the laws except that of character and conduct- i ' Wherefore, your petitioner! pray for the repeal of niu iw( ana oi an omer laws oi in is Commonwealth (if any auch there be.) which make any distinction among the inhabitants on account of. Color, or for uy real or supposed difference of races. To the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The petition of the undersigned I of respectfully asks that you will be pleased to pass a law declaring and dofiniog the right of the people of this Commonwealth in the use of the means of conveyance furnished by the Rail-Road Companies therein, in order that the OfnVr r'..:.t r.... irer claim the ricrht ftr.Unu;n r 1 aw- , wCtiii mgMJ 4" VI vaa of the use of any of their ears, on the sole ground of v,.., w. uuujung, assaulting and ejecting white passengers, merely for claiming the equal mean of conveyance for persons of Color. Essex Cou.tr Society. The Essex County Anti-Slavery Society held a quarterly meeting, on the 28 ih and 29th Sept. in the Christian Chapel, in Newburyport. Delegates were present from most of the towns in the county, and the sessions of the Society were animated and in teresting,, like the primitive meetings of the friends of the cause. The recent outbrcakings of the pro-slavery fury at the West and North eeetned, as it were, to knit the hearts of the friends together anew ; 90 that, as in times rjast. a feelinff of broth erhoo.l pervaded the meeting calling out sympathy for those of our brethren, who. hv their nroximity to slavery, have been fated to bear the full measure of the monster s rage. The President of the Society, being absent, the chair was occupied at the different sessions by Br. Abncr Sanger, of Danvers; James N. Buffum, o' Lynn ; and D. P. Pike, of Newburyport. Noah Jackman, of Newbury, was choaen Secretary pro leni. The sessions of he Societv continued one day and a half and were occunied with discussions of sundry resolutions, which were presented to the meetincr by different brethren, ot different times. during the sessions. On the adoption of the resolutions, there were none dissenting, and they passed in the following order: Resolved, That the treatment of the colored race, and their friends, by the servants of the .Eastern Rail Road, is a violation of Ihe Constitution of Massachusetts, at war with all law and decency, a carrying out of the spirit of slavery at the North by the means of lynch law and blackguardism. Resolved, That the invidious and partial treatment of the colored race, on the public thoroughfares, is but the carrying out of the examples of the sectarian clergy and churches of the land, who have for a long time exercised a most cruel lordship over conscience, and outraged human rights, and abused the members of Christ's body, in the persons of the colored people, free and bond. Whcroas, slavery is the full measure 'of universal wickedness the very concentration of every abomination a sin under all possible circumstances; therefore, Resolved, That those who countenance and uphold this nefarious system, either by silence or apology, can never, while they so do, have a claim to the name of christians ; but ought to be denounced as deadly foes to humanity and pure religion. Resolved, That the spirit of monocracy and lynch law, which has so recently triumphed in Cincinnati, Ohio, gives fearful and additional evide ice, that the rights and privileges of the citizens of the free States are in the hands of slavery, and at its disposal ; and this spirit should and will receive the unqualified disapprobation of every American citizen, who has a particle of humanity coursing in his veins. Resolved, That we deeply sympathize with the colored people of Cincinnati, and those of their white friends, who have been identified, with them in their afflictions, occasioned by the recent reign of terror, and pledge them our unwavering co-operation and support. Resolved, That this Society is highly gralfied with the spirited, bold and uncompromising st.ind, which the Executive Committee of the Ohio A. S. Society have taken to sustain the Philanthropist and to carry on the operations of the Society, in spite of all the opposing influences which slavery can create; and is rejoiced to learn, that the Board of Managers of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society have authorized their General Agent to raise one hundred dollars, to enable the Ohio Committee to sustain their organ, the Philanthropist the press of which has been thrown into the Ohio river by a mob ; and that the treasurer of this Society is hereby authorized to pay out of the treasury to the State Board, twenty-five dollars. Resolved, That, in addition to the amount v. hich this Society has pledged to the State Board to enable them to send $100 to the Executive Committee of the Ohio Anti-Slavery Society, a collection be taken at this meeting, and the amount collected be sent to the Executive Committee of theOhio Anti-Slavery Society, enclosed in a letter, signed by the officers of this meeting. - - Voted, That a Committee of two be chosen to take up this collection. Chose Georsre Foster and Jesse P. Harriman. Resolve j, That, notwithstanding the recent de-v Ijpemt n'a cf mobocracy and lynch law, the signs of the times indicate a rapid progress in the anti-slavery cause ; and, instead of faltering, we ought to thank God and take courage, knowing these are but the natural working of the system, indicative of nothing more than the dying agonies of the monster. Whereas, the national political creed is, that all men are created free and equal, and the whole Dro? - .k.taian .riuiv.n piuresnes 10 aerive its moral precepts from Jesus Christ, who says, Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them;' therefore, in view of the action of the government and the professed church of this country, on the subject of slavery. Resolved, That the present government of this country is an association of political hypocrites, and the associated church religion of this land is ro better than are its politics; and there is no reason fori believing that a just God will pass over the sins of this peoplr any more than he has over the sins of other nations which he has signally judged and destroyed. Resolved, That the conduct of Mr. Lunt, of Newburyport, and other.members of the last Legislature, in opposition to the repeal of the odious marriage law, making distinction on account of color, is deserving of the censure of every lover of freed) im,and should be held up to the scorn of every enlightened voter, at the ensuing election. Resolved, That the next quarterly meeting of this Society beheld in Rockport, at such time as the Board of Managers of the Society shall direct. Resolved, That as the reformed drunkards have been the most successful lecturers in the temperance cause, so, also, liberated slaves and reformed slaveholders, who have experienced the evils, and seen the inhuman workings of the slave system, are demanded by the interests of the anti-slavery cause, and are the best calculated to arouse the people, and create a public conscience that shall lead them to feel and act for the slave. Adjourned, sine die. JAMES D. BLACK, Rec. Sec. Worcester County South Division Anti-Slavery Society. A quarterly meeting of this Society was held at the vestry of the CongregJitio n;il meeting-house, at West Brookfield, on Tuesday, Oct. 5. The severity of the storm which took place at that time prevented many of the members from being present Notwithstanding, there was a full attendance throughout the afternoon and evening, and a fair and candid hearing given to the arguments and facts brought forward in discussion. John M. Fiske, President, called the meeting to order at 11 o'clock, A. M. Prayer was offered by John A. Collins, of Boston. The following persons were nominated a committee of business, and accepted by the meeting: Win. B. Earle, of Leicester, John A. Collins, Geo. Foster, of Andover, Tyler Waters and Orilla K. Brierly of Millbury. Voted, That all persons present, or who may be present, at this meeting, are hereby invited to take part in our deliberations. Various resolutions were reported, from time to time, by the committee, which received an extend-, cd discussion, and were finally adopted as given be-! low. Those who engaged in debate were John A. Collins, Samuel May, of Leicester, A. Firth. Jr. of Leicester, Rev. George Traak, of Warren,- J. M. Fiske, of W. Brookfield, Win. B. Earle, of Leicester, Tyler Waters, of Millbury, and Mr. Thompson, of W. Brookfield. The eveniug session was principally occupied by an address of great eloquence and interest from Frederick Douglas, a self-emancipated slave ; at Uie conclusion of which, the following was moved by Rev. G. Trask of Warren, and seconded by J. A. Collins That Frederick Douglas, who has so eloquently addressed us to-night, notwithstanding he lias declared he yet feels himself a slave, is in our opinion fitted for freedom, and is hereby declared to be free. The vote on this motion was taken by the rising of the audience, and passed nemine contradiecntc. At nearly 10 oMock, P. M. Voted, To dissolve the meeting. The strangers present were most courteously treated, and hospitably entertained by the anti-slavery families of the beautiful town where the meeting was held. The resolutions adopted by the meeting areas follows : 1. Resolved, Tint the time is coming, and now is, when Uie citizen of the free States must rally in defence of their own liberty,. and that of their chil dren: or, yielding one right after another at the dictation of the South, wear forever the yoke ot the slaveholders. 2. Resolved, That the reiterated refusal, by Congress, of the petition of the North, is a most alarming indication of the progress of the evil spirit of slavery; and that, unless we are degenerate and craven sons of the men who bequeathed us our civil and social rights, we shall give ourselves no rest till this violated right is restored to us. 3. Resolved, therefore. That as lovers of freedom, as friends of onr country, and injustice to our brethren in bonds, we will not cease to importune Congress to repair tne wrong tney have done, and listen to our prayers in the slaves' behalf. 4. Resolved, That slavery is contrary to revelation and to reason, to Christianity and to republicanism, to humanity and to justice; and, therefore, could have originated only in the bottomless pit, and from the pit its principal supports are obuineJ. 5. Resolved, That the fiendish prejudice against color, in the northern States, is one of the strongest supports of the slave system ; and, therefore, "requires our particular attention at this time. G. Resolved, That those churches, sUge-conch-ts, steamboats, rail road cars, &c which provide 'negro pews, jim crow cars,' or separate scats of any description for colorea people thereby marking theiii as a degraded or separate race require our special and earnest condemnation. 7. Resolved, That those professedly christian churches and ecclesiastical bodies which refuse, or neglect, to disfellowship slavery, give us much cause to suppose they are engaged in building up institutions of human contrivance, rather than in endeavoring to extend the gospel of the meek and lowly Jesus. Whereas, we learn that the 'Eastern Rail-Road Corporation ' has been, and is now, in the custom of forcibly dragging respectable colored . people, of both sexes, from their seats in the ordinary passenger cars ; and whereas, the same violence, we learn, is practised upon white persons who venture to remonstrate against such proceedings, and they are forbidden to take their place in the cars, notwith standing the highest price is paid for tickets, in u-.u .1 e - uoui cases , uiereiure, 8. Resolved, That such proceedings are a fla grant outrage upon the constitutional rights of the citizens ot this Commonwealth, a trampling upon decency, a substitution of lynch-law for good order and the law of the land, and call for immediate legislative action ; and we recommend that memorials be sent to the Legislature of this State, praying that the charters of this and similar Corporations may be so restricted as to protect people from insult, proscription and violence, on account of their complex ion. 9. Resolved, That the recent outrages commit ted upon the colored people of Cincinnati by the mob ot that city, without opposition from the city police, is a complete trampling upon the constitu tional rights of citizens of Ohio, disgraceful to a free country, and a foul stain upon Cincinnati ; and should meet with the unqualified disapprobation of every lover of Christianity and republicanism. 10. Resolved, That this meeting deeply sympa thises with the oppressed and outlawed colored people of Cincinnati, and we p'.edge to thorn our sympathy and co-operation. 11. Resolved, J. hat we rejoice in the bold and uncompromising stand taken by the Executive Committee of the Ohio Anti-Slavery Society, in their determination to sustain their official organ, the Philanthropist ; and we bid them God speed in their holy crusade against despotism, aud pledge them our unwavering confidence and support. 12. Resolved, 1 hat southern slavery could not exist, were it not for countenance and protection it receives at the XMorth. 13. Resolved, That whatever claim the Consti tution of the United States may seem to have upon us, to assist in quelling an insurrection at the bouth, we will never, let the penalty be what it may, give our aid to keep our colored brethren in slavery. And we taice this method to assure our southern tellow- citizens. that we will use all the means in our pow er, consistent with our views of Christianity, to pro tect the wandering fugitive from slavery, in the en joyinent of his natural and inalienable rights. J Oil IN m. J? iSK.;, rresuienu Samuel Mat, Secretary. Slore Outrages on the Eastern Rail Road. If any thing will open the eyes of the people to the danger of Corporations, it is the arbitrary, tyran nical and outrageous conduct of this Company, as exhibited from time to time, in carrying into effect their abominable and unconstitutional rules. Wlieu our legislature provided this mode of public conveyance, and granted an act of incorporation to certain ki tuuiviauais to carry me uesign into enevu can it be supposed they intended to violate our own Bill of Rights, or to destroy the equal rights of others, by degrading one class of people and exalting another without regard to merit, or by making arbitrary distinctions in society, according to dress, color, and personal appearance, and having a committee to judge of these distinctions, and using personal violence to enforce such arbitrary rules r The very idea is abominable. But these vile and arbitrary rules have become so frequent of late, and have been stretched to such a degree, that gentlemen of pure, while skins, well clad, and well behaved, and respected in society, have fallen under them, been grossly insulted, brutally abused, and deprived of their rights. Since the abuse of Messrs. Douglas and Collins, mentioned in our last, several other cases of outrage of a more aggravated character, have occurred on the Eastern railroad. In addition to these outrages, to enlist the sympathies of the people, and to turn their indignation from themselves, the rail road men pretend to have been mobbed in Lynn, and refused to stop at the Lynn Depot,-thus disappointing many people of a passage, who had urgeut business. This couduct naturally produced much excitement in our quiet town of Lynn, and caused several crowded meetings of citizens, who passed such resolutions and adopted such means as the extraordinary occasion seemed to require. The attempt to disturb and break up one of these meetings is believed to have been instigated by men connected with, or interested in the Eastern rail road. The conduct of the rail road men throughout these outrageous acts has been brutish in the extreme, and has excited general indignation. We have understood that several prosecutions against these violent men, or the Corporation, were about to be commenced. But the remedy must be sought in our State Legislature. Lynn Record. Several falsehoods were industriously circulated immediately alter the outrage of the Eastern rail road men upon the colored woman on Wednesday last in this town. One was that 'the abolitionists got this woman into the cars on purpose to get up a row.' It has been well ascertained that not a single abolitionist knew that this woman wa? going till she started to go. She often went to Boston in the cars with white people unmolested. Another falsehood, of a piece with the foregoing, was that the abolitionists on Thursday last were riotously assembled tor the purpose of mobbing the rail road conductors, brakemen, &c,and so far was this infamous falsehood pushed, that our selectmen of Lynn were actually sent on to quell the mob, when no appearance of anything of the kind had occurred. We happened to be present a few minutes before the arrival of the selectmen at the Lynn Depot, and there were only twelve or fifteen men, all of them advocates of the rail road usurpations, idly but noiselessly standing in a group near the Depot, as is common. Not an abolitionist was in sight. These falsehoods with many otlieis were undoubtedly spread by the railroad agitators, in order to divert the minds of the people from the enormities committed by themselves. The noisy blustering, profanity, and insolent threats of one cf the conductors, to turn out of the cars any man who should dare to open his mouth respecting his savage conduct, ought to subject the Directors to the severest censure for employing so unsuitable a person. Lynn Record. The danger of Corporations, as recently exemplified in the outrages and usurpations of the Eastern rait road Company, ought to awaken the attention of the people, that the members of our next legislature may be chosen with special reference to this subject. Corporation have no souls or bodies, no responsibility or tangibility, ajad their couduct is such as might be expected from those who feel power aud forget right Ihid. 1 If such has become the state of affairs, it would seem to be time for the public to look about them, and see to what they are coming. Are free citizens of our enlightened Commonwealth to be maltreated as in this, and repeated instances of the kind, by : that Company ? If they mean to go opon this principle, they will soon find that the public have rights which they themselves will not abandon, and which they will cause tne servants of the oublic to respect. It seems, that not only colored persons are turned out of the cars unceremoniously, and in open violation of justice, turned out after the agents of the company and the servants of the public have put their fare in their pockets, but while gentlemen, when they have ventured to remonstrate against such rabid violations of decency, justice and propriety, have snared uieir late. 1 he time has gone by, when Corporations or their agents can brave public opinion as it respects the old prejudice which has existed against color.- In the mass of the best men in the Northern States, it exists no longer, and it is not in the power of bullying servants to conjure up its unsightly gl ost from its black shades. The indignant frown of enlightened public sentiment has opened its artillery, and discharged a full broadside upon thi too-long cherished remnant of ignorance and barbarism. The abolition of slavery must come, and it will bear with a tremendous power upon all who uphold its rotten, putrid habiliments If steamboats, and rail-road cars, and stagemen, will put themselves under the wheels of this falling lumber, this 'tumbling car, we mean slavery and its accompanying abominations, they must expect to be crushed beneath its mountain weight. Quincy Patriot. Pnblic Meeting. At a large public meeting of the citizens of Lynn held at the First Universalis! meeting house, on the evening of the 2Dth insL Jonathan Buffum was chosen chairman, and Wm. B. Oliver, Secretary. The following resolutions were then offered, aid having been fully discussed were unanimously a.'opt-ed, viz. 1. Resolved, That the recent outrage perpetrated in this town, on the persons of John A. Collins and Frederick Douglas, by the servants of the Eastern Rail Road Co. is a gross violation of our State Constitution as well as of all law and decency, and being the substitution of Lynch law and mobocracy for order and decorum, ought to meet the indignant rebuke of an insulted community. 2. Resolved, That the members of this meeting assure the Directors of the Eastern Rail Road Corporation that they will use all the means in their power, consistent with their views of law and Christianity, to defend the colored people who may see fit to take their seats in the long cars, in jhe enjoyment of their rights. Voted, That the proceedings of this meeting be offered to the papers in this town for publication. The meeting was then dissolved. JONATHN BUFFUM, Chairman. William B. Oliver, Secretary. Lynn 9th mo. 30, 1841. At a meeting of the citizens of Lynn held Sept. 30th, in disapprobation of the recent outrageous conduct of some of the Eastern Rail Road Corporation, in forcibly ejecting travellers from the cars without sufficient cause, the following resolutions were unanimously adopted. The meeting; was addressed by Messrs. Bosson of the Yankee Farmer, T. P. Ri- der, of Fortland, J. A. Collins, of Boston, and others in a very eloquent and efficient manner. Resolved, That the repeated aggressions upon the rights of travellers by those in the employ of the Eastern Rail Road Corporation, demand the interference of Legislative authority, and that memorials should accordingly be presented to the Legislature of Massachusetts at its next session. Resolved, That the proceedings of the Eastern Rail Road ought to be viewed not as a question between Abolitionists and Anti-Abolitionists, but as a matter connected with the freedom of every cit-zen. Resolved, That freedom of opinion is not to be surrendered at the summons of an corporation. Resolved, That since many of the Rail Road Corporations have acknowledged the Equal Rights of colored citizens, it is idle tor the Eastern Rail Road Corporation to pretend to make any distinction on account of color. Voted, That the preceding rerolutions be published in the several newspapers through out the State. JAMES N. BUFFUM, Chairman. ueoige iosTF.R, Secretary, From the Friend of Man. Samnel and Family. This is the name of the father of a slave family wnicn itemt fcmith has just emancipated. Word reached us last evening that Samuel, who had been IeR behind by the members of the family, had also .;i dv Tk ulo atorv, as we nave been informed, is briefly this: Mrs. Smith, many years ago, when but a girl, was the owner of a young female slave. The brother of Airs, bmith asked her to give him her slave, which she did. Nothing further was thought of the transaction, until the attention of Mr. and Mrs. Smith has been turned to the great transgression' in our republic the crime of slaveholding. Ever since they have had their eyes open to the enormity of this sin, they have made continual and ea n.es t inquiry as to the fate of this female slave. No discovery, however, of her condition, was made until within a few months. When at length found, she was in the possession of a slaveholder in Missippi, with a husband and five children. Immediately upon receiving this intelligence, Mr. Smith engaged friend J. C. Fuller to go to the South, and negociate with the master for the purchase of the family. The result was, as we have before stated, that they are all now free and at Peterboro' Mr. Smith says he shall give Samuel a farm, and set him immediately at work. This deed of philanthropy most have cost Mr. Smith something. The actual purchase money of the family was 3,500 dollars saying nothing of the many other attendant expenses. But no one will now taunt Gerrit Smith with having once given away a slave into the southern prison house, and there left her and her posterity to die in hopeless bondage. Mr. Smith is resolved, although it be at some, expense, to have his character free from the charge of participating in any way in the crime of 6laveholding. Would to God our Theological Professors and Doctors of Divinity were as careful of their reputation and name, in this particular. If we understand the case, it need not cost Dr. Richards ten dollars to remove at once the title the legal relationship of slave owner, which he now holds, and at the same time to provide as fully for every want of his superannuated slave, as he ought to, and now does. Let not, then, your good be evil spoken of." And we do pray that the President of a Theological Seminary may not much longer bear the name of a slaveholder, merely to enable him in a certain form of charity to give support to one who in her more helpful days, toiled without wages for him. It is surely no indifferent thing, in this day, to be in the eye of me iaw a siavenoiuer. Mr. Smith has, so far as was in his power, and at an expense of three or four thousand dollars, aimed to expiate the crime of having given away a slave. Such is the atonement he makes for a sin of partial ignorance, committed long years since. The deed is a noble one, and well worthy of the man. From the Vermont Telegraph. Vermont Baptist Anti-Slavery Convention. At ten o'clock, A. M. the Convention was called to order by O. S. Murray. Appointed bro. John Ide, of Orwell, Moderator, and O. S. Murray, Clerk. Prayer by bro. J. W. Sawyer, of Shaftsbury. Voted, That the voters in this Convention consist of such as signed the CaU published in the Telegraph, and such others as approve of the Call ; and that all our brethren and friends present be invited to participate in the discussions of this meeting. Resolved, That a Committee of five be appointed to draft and report resolutions ; and O. S. Murray, J. W.Sawyer, W. G.Johnson, A. Beecher, and W. II. French, were appointed that committee. The committee on resolutions reported the fol-lowing.with the recommendation that they be taken up in the order in which they stand : Resolved, That slavery is sinful, under all possible circumstances. Resolved, That where there arenas, there are of course sinners. Resolved, That to commit an enormous sin is to be an enormous sinner. Resolved, Therefore, that inasmuch as slaveholding involves, so far as human discernment can go, the highest crimes which it is possible for men to commit against their Maker or their lellows, it fol-1 ows that those who commit these crimes are among whe highest criminals before God and the universe Resolved, That whatever is sinful in those who are not reckoned as christians, is more sinful in those who make pretensions to Christianity and holiness inasmuch as the sin of the character is aggravated in proportion to the light enjoyed and these, on their own showing, enjoy greater light than any others and furthermore, inasmuch as these set themselves up and are followed as examples. Resolved, Therefore, that slaveholding ministers and church members are sinners above all other R.,tvod. That the church can not be the salt of the earth or the light of the world, while it is itself rnrninliwl an1 darkened with tliis Sin. Resolved, That, from all these considerations and others, there rests a fearful responsibility on the church in relation to this sin, and the strongest obligation on all professing christians, individually and collectively, to use enicient aud unremitting exertions for its removal. Resolved, That such legitimate results of slavery as theft, robbery, adultery, and murder, are those flagrant violations of the law of God and the rights of man, which the Bible every where condemns, and which, separate from slavery, everywhere excludes those who are guilty of Ihern from the pale of the christian church. Resolved, Therefore, that consistency requires those who withhold christian fellowship from such as commit any one of these sins, much more to withhold it from such as support a system involving them alL Resolved, That to do this, is to institute no new test that the test is ns old as Christianity, and identical with its most legitimate workings and its most commonly received practices. Resolved, That it is not the province of the tests of christian fellowship to undertake to reach the heart, otherwise than through the conduct, according to the rule given by our Saviour ' Ye shall know them by their fruits; and that to exclude from christian fellowship for man-stealing, is judging the heart no more than to exclude from christ.an fellowship for Aorse-stealing. Resolved, That the advocates and abettors of slavery at the North are at least as culpable as the slaveholders at tlie South. Resolved, That those Baptists at the North who gave their influence and aid to Jonathan Davis, in his late shameful course in the free States against the cause of emancipation, are at least equally criminal with Davis himself. Resolved, That it is essential to christian charac ter, not only not to hold slaves or connive at slave-holding, but likewise to advocate immediate repentance and forsaking of the damning sin. Resolved, That those who refuse to advocate the cause of the perishing, until their cause becomes popular, or until those are crushed or removed who have rendered themselves odious by its early advocacy, or until some other of their selfish propensities are gratified, are in high rebellion against Jehovah, and recreant to the best sympathies of our common nature. Resolved, That the true question is, not, 'Have any of the rulers believed ? ' nor, how many will unite with us ? but, are we 'on the Lord's side? ' what do his truth and his righteousness, and the relations between him aud us, and between us and our fellow beings, require of us? Resolved, That when the majority becomes corrupt, the adage, that union is strength,' ceases to be true that then division becomes strength. Resolved, That it is one thing to suspend christian fellowship ; and that it is another and different thing to cut off human sympathy: that while Uie latter should never be done, Uie former is a christian duty a necessary means to be used for the salvation of the erring and sinful. Resolved, That where there is occasion for' labor there is the same occasion for suspending fellowship, until there is repentance and reformation. Resolved, That the time has fully come to suspend christian fellowship between us and slaveholders and their abettors, until Uicy repent and reform that we can not receive them into co-operation in religious worship, or in Uie use of means for the con version of the woriJ, until they torsake their ungod liness and iuhumanity. Resolved, That all members of Baptist churches in Vermont, who are abolitionists, and are of opin ion that the present state of affairs in our denomina tion, demands a full and free discussion of the question, if it our- duly to open a new channel for our benevolent contributions? be and are hereby invi ted to become members of this Convention. The foregoing resolutions were all of Uieun adopt ed, one by one, unanimously, except the last, which was divided, and the former clause adopted as fol lows only four dissenting : Resolved, That" the time has fully come to suspend christian fellowship between us and slave holders and their abettors, until they repent. and re form. ReanlvoJ, That -o cannot continue co-operation with them in the use of means for the conversion of the world, until they forsake their ungodliness and inhumanity. JOHN IDE, Moderator. O. S. Mcrrat, Sec. The Pro-Slavery Church The Old Platform The Anti-Cora Law Convention-George Thompson. We take the liberty to select the following extracts from a highly interesting epistle recently received by us from Elizabeth Pease, of Darlington England: The recent numbers of the Liberator, containing accounts of some of your meetings, have been pe culiarly interesting; especially those detailing proceedings at the Norfolk County anniversary.' I have read and re-read the speeches of . Wendell PhiMips and thyself! Your clear definitions of duty delighted and instructed me so true, so scriptural, so consonant to gospel precepts, so full of moral beauty, and so fatal to the suggestions of a tem-porisiug expediency, which are ever tempting us from the straight forward path of duty. The ground you have taken, with regard to the church, must' be startling to all who are directly or indirectly supporting Uie atrocious system of slavery. They must see that the monster is now attacked in his most secure place of concealment, and that, once dislodged from it, his days will speedily come to an end. You have not taken your stand, however, one wbit higher than principle and consistency demand. Slavery is embosomed in Uie church. Pro-slaery, timid and time-serving divines impart to it an aspect of sanctity. So long as this is the case, it is not to be expected that people generally wiil behold it in its true deformity ; and, surely, that form of pro- slavery is the most dangerous and the most diabolical, which assumes the garb of religion wherewith to conceal its hideous ness. And I cannot see bow abolitionists can, with any consistency, contribute to the support and maintenance of church or ministers. so long as tbey refuse to bear a faithful testimony against the crying sin of the land. Heartily do I wish you may succeed in drawing multitudes after you, who are prepared to combat Uie enemy from the hi'rh and holy position you have assumed, and who wdl remain faithful, though Uie conflict may be fierce. It is a most extraordinary thing that abolitionists abolitionists should feel tiieinselves warrant ed in calling thee to account for Uiy religious opinions, or that they should deem it necessary to submit thy belief to a scrutiny hitherto unheard of on Uie anti slavery platform. Surely, both in this country and in yours, it is composed of persons of nearly every shade of religious opinion ; and never, until lately, was the question asked, or was it deemed of consequence to know, whether those who stood upon it were Churchmen or Catholics Orthodox or Unitarian B iptist, Independent, or Quaker. Why, then, this new test of anti-slavery fellowship, but to conjure up a pretext and a cowardly, paltry, and inconsistent one it is in disclaiming allegiance to the fearless advocate of great but unpopular truths to escape the odium of being thought to wish to exchange, and to persuade men to exchange, the outward rites and ceremonies of a religion of mere time and place, for the fulness, and freedom, and spiritu- j ality of that religion, which teaches that, whether we cat or drink, or whatsoever we do, we must do all to Uie glory of God ' and that the hour eoineth, and now is, when Uie true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth. And, strange to say, the most determined of thy opponents, on this side the Atlantic, profess to be Uie followers of those who suffered imprisonment, and some even death itself, for Uie support of Uie same gospel principles ! Truly, were -Fox, and Woolmao, and Penn, now u apnear on the earth. they might exclaim with the apostie, They are not all Israel, which are of Israel There ia littl amongst us, 1 fear, ot that faithfulness unto death, which marked our early rise as a Society: It is cheering, however, to know tint, although human frailty may, for a time, retard their progress, every principle which is founded in truth, which has God for its origin, and tho Bible for its expositor, will survive, and will, one day, be received and acknowledged by the whole world. Among these, I firmly bcheve, will be the Christ-like principle 0 non-rtsist ones; although its humble advocates, in the present day, are regarded fcy a large portion of the religious world, as Uie setters forth of strange doctrines. My sear father and I bad the privilege of attending the Convention of Ministers, on the com laws, recently eld at Manchester. It was the most interesting public occasion I ever was present at, The fearmony and humanity which marked its de-liberatHns the absence of all reference to sectarian differences, except as a matter of rejoicing, that so large at. assemblage, gathered from nearly every sect known to Great Britain, had met together for a benevolent purpose, and could greet one another as christian bretin were truly delightful indications that Uie hearts of its members were largely imboed witii that love, which recognizes as members of the Christian church, all who love the Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. There were Churchmen and Roman Catholic, la ptists, Independents, Uni-tarians, Swedenborgians, nd ministers of all the subdivisions of the Methodists besides many other smaller sects. The Church and Wesleyan Methodists hold back the most from to-operation in objects of benevolence generally; an4 many members of Uie establishment do not hesitate to acknowledge that the corn monoply is intimate'.y connected with its prosperity. I believe there is n one more fruitful source of evil in this country than a Slate religion. It is, itself, the most gigamie of monopolies ; and, in consequence, is generally fount ranged on the side of whatever is illiberal and restrtctive. The clergy, however, furnish a few splendid exceptions to this rule, and none more brilliant than the Rev. Thomas Spencer, of Hinton, near Bath. 1 was delighted with the opportunity of meeting a nsan, whom I bad so long honored through his writing. He took a leading part at the Conference, and added very greatly to its interest and influence. Wendell Phillips 'can lend thee a series of tracts he has written on a variety of subjects, which have given great offence to the church ; the bishops have, I believe, several times attempted to disrobe him, but In vain. I hope he will soon give us one on the property question. He is qualified to instruct others, because he is most exemplary himself, in regard to the sin of accumulation. It is long, I believe, since he laid any thing by; reserving all he can spare from a very moderate expenditure upon himself and family for printing and circulating his sentiments on various and important subjects especially, relative to Church Reform,' TeetoUlisu, and Uie Corn Laws. A mighty impulse has been given to the anti-bread law movement, by Uie ministerial conference; and, notwithstanding Uie accession of Uie tories to power, it is confidently expected that some relief will be granted, before long, to the suffering poor. Their condition in our manufacturing districts is truly appalling. It is marvellous that they do not rise en nutsse, and demand their rights ; for, in reality, though not in name, they are the slaves of the aristocracy. It is true, they cannot be bought and sold ; but they are, in all other respects, at Uie mercy of their lordly superiors. , They are doomed to starvation, compelled to see their families pining from hunger, robbed of the fruits of the earth, which were given to every man richly to enjoy, and denied the right of purchasing their bread where they can get it cheapest Such will remain to be the case, so long as the making of Uie laws rests in the hands of Uie few whose avarice grasps at. the wealth of Uie nation. But there are many indications that all monopolies are coming to an end, the monopoly of legislation amongst the rest ; and none more certain and more gratifying than Uie peaceable conduct of Uie Chartists, of late. So long as their appeal was to physical force, the moral and religious portion of the community naturally regarded them with dread ; but now the case is otherwise, I sincerely hope they will be joined in the peaceful propagation of their principles by the middle and higher ranks. I was pleased to hear our mutual friend, William Howitt, say, that he had appended his name to the people's charter. Iam delighted with the littie work by de la Mennais, which thou recommended to me last year. It appears to me to contain a sound political creed, taking Uie principles of Christianity for its basis. But 1 am forgetting that women have nothing to do with politics ! Pray forgive this excursion from ray appropriate sphere ! Yet, surely, our masters ' must deem us deficient in heart as well as head, if they require us to regard politics with indifference, in the present state of our laboring population; knowing, as we do, that it is the wicked laws of man which subvert the merciful designs of Providence, and reduce them to their present abject wretchedness. I send thee a paper containing a Letter, giving a few details of a little of the misery which I beheld, with my own eyes, during our late visit to Manchester. Iu many instances, the poor are living on brewers' grains the nutriment having been converted into poison, and Uie refuse left to feed Uie people ! What complicated iniquity is this ! George Thompson has been most laboriously engaged of late. Since the departure of Wat. Adams, he has taken the editorship of the India Advocate.' The chief burden of making arrangements for Uie Man Chester Conference devolved on him ; and in additiou, he has been industriously and energetically pleading the cause of the deposed Rajah of Sattara, both in and out of Uie India House. It is expected that the debate will be revived on tiie 23d, at the next Court when Montgomery Martin also brings for ward a motion regarding the land revenue system. Both questions are likely also to come before parliament Dr. Bowring takes the lead in behalf of Uie Rajah. O'Connell pleads the cause of the agricultural population. Whatever may be the immediate ate result, these discussions must do immense good in eulightening Uie country, and in teaching the rulers of India, that their days of secret oppression are ended. G. T. was very much exhausted with the last debate, which continued five days, a thing unparalleled in the annals of the company, ex- : cept prior to the renewal of the last Charter. He was looking sadly worn when we saw him three weeks ago. He intends to take a rest next month, aod spend a littie time with his family. The Book of the People. The Out rare in Cincinnati. At a recent meeting in Xenia, Ohio, the following' piritcdj-esolutions were unanimously adopted : : Resolved, That while people of another State in--vade our territory with an 'armed force for the destruction of the press, and many of our worthless citizens join the infamous throng, it is the duty of all " worthy the name of Americans, to stand to their' arms, and be ready at the call of lawful authority to suppress mob violence and to repel invasions. 1 Resolved, That Dr. Bailey and the Philanthropist are identified with the cause of liberty, and should be sustained at all hazards, and at the expense of the greatest bearable sacrifice. Resolved, That the offer of Kentucky troops to aid the Mayor of Cincinnati, was a taunting insult,' and should have been repelled with indignation. Resolved, That slavery is Uie true cause of mob violence ; and to charge it upon abolitionists is a gross slander, and as foolish as it is false. Resolved, That if the news of the day be true, Capt Brough acted a part at Cincinnati which should consign bis name to infamy. To see the mob with lighted candles and hammers in their hands for the destruction of a free press, and march his men out of the way, was manifest proof that he ' was a base coward, or a traitor to Uie cause of liberty; - Resolved, That we reprobate that unprincipled opposition to the rightful decision of the Supreme Court in the case of slaves coming into our State with the consent of their roasters. Such opposition proceeds from nothing better than ignorance of or hostility to our Constitution and laws, (whicb were designed to prevent the encroachment of 1 the slave power,) and should be reprobated by every true son of Ohio. Resolved, That it is the duty of the Legislature to pass a law making towns and cities liable for all damages sustained by mob violence and that petitions to Uiat effect should be put in circulation without delay. Resolved, That this meeting will endeavor to raise 925 00, and forward, without delay, to the Executive Committee of the Ohio A. a Society, for Uie benefit of the publishers of the Philanthropist T D. MONROE, Pres. J. H. Jeiru.f s, Sec 1 Slavery. The Louisville Gazette says : Tbe most potent cauae of the more rapid advancement of Cincinnati than Louisville, is tks mbsencs uf slstery. . The same influence that made Ohio the young giaut of the West, and is advancing Indiana to a grade higher than Kentuckey, have operated in the Queen city. They have 00 dead tetigkt to carry, and consequently have the advantage in the race.' The wife of the late Mr. Adams, who was mur ' dered in New York by Colt, has lost her senses 1 consequence of her husband's violent death. rv 7l J if -it t -r -r :rr- ill!
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