The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts on July 20, 1838 · Page 1
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The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts · Page 1

Boston, Massachusetts
Issue Date:
Friday, July 20, 1838
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o TJHE LIBERATOR '"' ;tS rUBLISUED WEEKLY . . AT NO. J5, CORSUILLi HY r Win. Iitojrd Uarrison, Editor. : H7S'i,50 per iMwn, payable in advance 3,00 t tVee writ est tu of subscribing. . , : y.4.7 ffter comflV-uVahflM eiustbe post paid. Thi rule is imperative, i order to shidi us from tke frt mti'tt ignitions of our entmits. (Thou, therefore, mho ieisk their Utters to be taken from Hit Post OJUe by us, wiU be tarefut t paf their postage. . .; t An aJvtrtisvneU making one i?tre, or a space of U igih andbrcadlh, teUl bt inserted three times for nt dUar. . - , " , . s ;?.; AGENTS. SctH Roger, Brewer, Nathan Winslow, Portland. ' ssv-nmrsHiRt. N. ?. Ro-crs, Plymouth, WillarJ Russcl, Amherst. ' TERMO.XT. ' John Dement, Woodstock. . . . .. MASSAC nCSSTTS. Wm. Ilrnnerson, Hanover T. M. Wilder, " Wm. Camuhers, Amesbury . Mills, Isaac Austin, Nantucket, Enoch Perkins, Newton, Elias Richards, Weymouth, t r.-.!. M-ino-fifilJ. Thos. J. Baker, u orcesier, ivic Jewett, Salem, Wm. C Stoae Watcrton. H-ory Hammond. Dudley, Edw. Mansfield, Osterville-Richard C. Johnson, Fall River. ;'. KH0D3 ISLAJTD. . . , .. . Wm. Adams, Pawtacket, Elias Smith, Providence. , . .., C05SSCTICCT. Geo. W.Benson, Brooklyn, Thos. Kinne, Jr. Norwich. KW YORK. t t TTia. . R- G. Williams, N. Y. City, l A r Henry Mott, Henry Willis, Chas. S. Jlortoa, Albany, Daniel Judson, Uuca, - TEXSSYLVAtA. B. C Howell, Pittsburg, T. llamblelon, Kuelrille, W. II. Clarke, Alleghany, B. Kent, Andrew's Bridge, M. Preston. West Grove. John Cox, llumorton. Joseph Fultoa, Jr. Swan, Rev. Chas. A. Boyd, Erie Erie Co. . ' - onto. " C. K.Bushnell, Cincinnati, Jas. Austin, Marlborough, Win. JI. Johnson, Lot Holmes, -Wm. Hills. Oberlin. N. Miller, Jr. Sandy ville. Tbos. Chandler, Raisin, Michigan Territory. Vnthony Potter, Cape Ilayti. w ia m..u.:vr m-n w.imMiaw.ww TrvZvf.7rrr' :. . f ---- - .... . ... . - - mmlmfm ;-jmmt m c o n o n n o a. C. Whipple, Newburyport, Xsaie Stnrns, jubsbcu, Luther Boutell, Groton, B. F. Newh Ul, Saugus, R. Wilder, Fitchburs, II. IvimbAll. Amesbury, M. Kin?, W. Koyiston, Thos. Tan Kanseiaer, " Sam'l. Dutton, Cazenovia, Jas. C. Fuller, Skaneateles. vol. vxxx." oxrn ooxjiitiit is tzzs wobld, oun oouirTnmuir Azizs iiZi r2.Z7zzzzri. ; , , , ; no. luctantly received the sanction of the Patriarchs S of the Atuericaa Iwvoiution. 'Ihe Untoi was safe, happy and free, while slavery existed, and while there lived a Wasnirtgton, JeJersen, and Patrick Henry, and to attempt to abolish it now, is to attempt to serer that Union. Who, then, are the rioters, but the abolitionists t Can a lover of his country and this Union, with his eye.? open, and with a proper understanding, encourage the abolition of slavery ? - Can an American freeman, for a moment, wish the murder of all the whites at the South, by a re-volt of the blacks ? n . - - HISTORICAL F U GE OF OPPRESSION. From the St. Louis Saturday News. DESTRUCTION OF PENNSYLVANIA HALL. The destruction of this Temple of Amalgamation, in the ciy of brotherly love, should not ba resetted by any American citizen, who entertains just pretensions to patriotism. The manner of this transaction is no more to be regretted tiffin the fact itself. When an association of persons, with whatever avowed purpose they may gloss over their mischiefs, unite their efforts in outrage on the morals and the political institutions of the country, the summary punishment inflicted by the indignant populace of a city, is the most effectual chastening which human wisdom can devise. A more direct and unqualified case of insolence and effrontery, could not have been contrived, than the parade of black amalgamation in the fashionable promenades of the city. A single shameless instance of a white woman hanging to the arm of a negro, was sufficiently insulting to a people of good taste, to justify the demolition of the un- hoy temple of the abolition lecturers. It is in vain to surest tbat laws can provide a remedy for such rank offences. To impose effectual le"-al restraints would impair personal freedom . and the liberty of the press, a sacrifice which the abolitionists has no claim to. His purposes are wicked, his transactions have a lawless and - unconstitutional tendency, and in his move-mi nts towards the dissolution of the Union, he puts himself out of the protection of the laws. He outlaws himself, and no act for his protection can be enforced by the most energetic ministers of the law. As well might a rabid dog claim a trial by his peers, as an abolitionist who piles up the combustible materials of a servile war, and teaches in his lectures the chemical process of igniting the mass. There is no veil which sophistry can impose, so impervious as to hide the hvpocrisy beneath it. Christianity i revolts at the proposed connexion of fends, with the devout teachers of the various religious -sects. We reioice to see the Tiirt ot t he Union where the traitors i t . 4 v Z . X sis) --) re i their deep laul scnemes ; aim u i.c,w.j, observe the just vieio the people of the free Slates take of a subject which has so long agitated the country. The South may rest their case in the hands of their spirited brethren of the North, whoiciU guarantee their constitutional rights, and loii'T'Ht waiting the tardy arid futile provisions of law. It is fashionable for conductors of the press to lament violations of the law, and transactions like that to which we refer, are pronounced seditious and immoral; but we would as soon denounce the sages of our revolution as rebels: as cast a shade of censure on the actors of the late Philadelphia affair. The skilful physician, in desperate cases, applies the mineral poison fbut, like the surgeon he sets bounds to his ministry ; so did the populace and From H. Martineau's Retrospect of Western TraTel.' SIGNS OF THE TIMES IN MASSACHUSETTS. Some few years hence it will be difficult to believe what the state of the times was in some parts of the United States, and even in the maritime cities, in 1S35. The system of terrorism seems now to be over. It did not answer its purpose, and is dropped; but in 1S35 it was new and dreadful. One of the most hideous features of the times was the ignorance and unconcern of a large portion of society about what was being done and suffered by other divisions of its members. I suppose, while Luther was toiling and thundering, German ladies and gentlemen were supping and dancing as usual; and while the Lollards were burning, perhaps little was known or cared about it in warehouses and upon farms. So it was in America. The gentry with whom I chiefly associated in New York, knew little 6f the troubles of the aboli-. tionisls in that city, and nothing about the state of the anti-slavery question in their own region. In Boston I heard very striking facts which had taken place in broad daylight, vehemently and .honestly denied by many who happened to be J io-norant of what had been done in their very streets. Not a few persons applied to me, a stranger, for information about the grand revo- ution of the time which was being transacted, not only on their own soil, but in the very city of their residence. A brief sketch of what I saw and experienced in Boston during the autumn of 1835, will afford some little information as to what the state of society actually was. At the end of August a grand meeting was held at Faneuil Hall in Boston. . The Jiall was completely filled with the gentry of the city, and some of the leading citizens tooK tne responsi bility and conducted the proceedings of the day. The object ot the meeting was to soouie iue South, by directing public indignation upon the abolitionists. The pretext of the assembly was, that the Union was in danger; and though the preamble to the resolutions declared disapproba . . .. p i -. i ., , tion of the institution of slavery, the resolutions themselves were all inspired by fear of or sympathy with slaveholders. They reprobated all agitation of the question, and held out assurances to the South that every consideration should be made subordinate to the grand one of preserving the Union. The speeches were a disgrace to the constituents of a democratic republic, pointed as they were against those rights of free discussion and association at the time acted upon by feHow-citizens, and imbued with deference for the South. In the crowded as- semblv no voice was raised in disapprobation except when a speaker pointed to the.portrait ofl,:,,.e Washinirton as 4 that slaveholder;' and em;:aolh battle fought in that originate should be invited ? I replied that it depended ! entirely on the nature of the meeting. If it was merely a meeting for the settlement of accounts and the despatch of business, where I should not learn what I wanted, I should wait for a less perilous time ; if it was a bmia fide public meeting, a true reflection of the spirit and circumstances of the time and the cause, I would go. The matter was presently decided by the arrival of a regular official invitation to me to attend the meeting, and to carry with me the friend who was my travelling companion, and any one else who might be disposed to accompany me. ;- ; . .-' 1 rifling as these circumstances may now ap-renr. thev were no trifles at the lime; and many considerations were involved in the smallest movement a stranger made on the question. The two first things 1 had to take care of, were to avoid involving my host in any trouble I might get into, and to afford opportunity to my companion to Judge for herself what she would do. My host had been reviled in the newspapers already for having read a notice (among several others) of an anti-slavery meeting from Dr. Channing's pulpit, where he was accidentally preaching. My object was to prevent his giving an opinion on anything thai 1 should do, that he might not be made more or less responsible for my proceeding. I handed the invitation to my companion, with a hint not to speak ol it. We separately made up our minds to go, and announced our determination' to our host and hostess. Between joke and earnest, they told us we should be mobbed ; and the same thing was repeated by many who were not in joke at all. At two o'clock on the Wednesday, we arrived at the house of a gentlemen where we were to meet a few of the leading abolitionists, and dine, previous to the meeting. Our host was miserably ill that day, unfit to be out of his chamber ; but he exerted himself to the utmost, being resolved to escort his wife to the meeting. During dinner, the conversation .was all about the southern gentry, in whose favor I said all I could, and much more than the party could readily receive; which-was natural enough, considering that they and I looked at the people of the South from different points of view. Before we issued forth on our expedition, I was warned once more that exertions had been made to get up a mob, and that it was possible we might be dispersed by violence. When we turned into the street where the house of meeting stood, there were about a dozen boys hooting before the door, as they saw ladies of color en- tenng. We were admitted wnnoui naving io wait an instant on the steps, ana ttie uoor was secured behind us. The ladies assembled in two drawing-rooms, thrown into one by the folding-doors being opened. The total number was a hundred and thirty. The president sat at a small table by the folding-doors, and before her was a large Bible, paper, pens, and ink, and the secretary's papers. There were only three gentlemen in the house, its inhabitant, the gentleman who escorted us, and a clergyman who had dined with us. They remained in the hall, keeping the front door fastened, and the back way clear for our retreat, if retreat should be necessary. But the number of hooters in the streets at no exceeded thirtv. and thev treated us to which I had expressed throughout the whole of my travels through the boulh. , ' Of the consequences of this simple affair it is not my intention to give any account, chiefly because it would be impossible to convey to my Lnghsh readers my conviction of the smallness of the portion of .American society which was concerned in the" treatment inflicted upon me. The hubbub was so great, and the modes of insult were so various, as to justify distant observers in concluding that the whole nation had risen against . me. I - soon found how few can make a gre. noise, while the many are careless or ignorant ef what is going on about a person or a party with whom they have nothing to do; and while not a few are rendered raore hearty in their reganj, and more jrenerous in their hospitality, by the disgraces of the individual who is under the oppression of public censure- All that I anticipated at the moment of reading the note came to pass, but only for a time. Events U3lly, nothing remained which in the slightest , J , i r J Follen's turn to speak. J He was presently stopped by the chairman, with a command. that he should be respectful to the committee; with an intimation that the " gentlemen were heard THE TEXAS QUESTION EXlACTS'ITi6tI'" We sbdl fcia wiro.w.ijj.iy Mr; AdaW prefooad and eloquent ttch 90 Qoestioa, .It would probably: peigrieif content with copying each, portions of it aa we tiirc , win be most interesting to the saaaa of tw ; reaoerf leaving all who wiih.; to read the whole ia connexioB, .and to preserve it for fotore reference, to yroenre it ia i pamphlet form. It will be one of the toast import document which the contest with niaverj baa ret . called forth.. We commence our extract, with, the re marks of Mr. Adams on the snl'ct,of ; i v r ' ( t 5 i-.t , 5 c ' . : Female PETrrioss. Bat, (said Mr. A.) I return. to the rolett tix., which! I was speaking" when last I addrescl the House, viz. the depriving of one-half tl. people of the United States of the right te pe- Uuuon Congress : that half consisting,; wo, of the" tender sex,' whose very wealc ness'thctt.a entitle them to the most; scrtjpnlotia" -"Tesird lo all their rights. '' It was true thai fie right hti not been directly and in terms contested by tla chairman of the Committee on - Foreignr Relations : hut he had represented the exercise f it as disgraceful to those women iho!etilio3ed ?and as discreditable to their own section of tL'e Union, and to the nation at large. - - Iow to say, 1 - i . nf hir tra . M.TWu.rmi. v rT i tin i n i v n . . i u ...i... ...... only as a, matter, of favor. They protested . Yr v.V-1vj eontestin arrainst this, their hearing having been demand- "WZS " cntesSS ed asa matter of right ; They refused to proceed. ! l1 "Vll 1Z ?-3itee and broke up the conference. , " right of the. mind, of the soul, d the con- ' Much good was done by this afternoon's prc ceedings. The feeling of the byestanders was, on the whole, decidedly in favor of the pleaders, and the issue of the affair was watched with much interest. The. next day the abolitionists demanded a hearing as a matter of right ; and it was granted likewise as an affair of course. The second hearing was appointed for, Tuesday the 8th, at the same place and hour. ? . Some well-meaning friends of the abolitionists, had in the interval advised that the roost accomplished, popular, and gentlemanly of the abolitionists should conduct the business of the second day; that the speeches should he made . . A- . . . vnicnfo it tfst- nn inia ihoudi iiisi wt. had felt himself Dound to . take issaeyith the honorable chairman on " that principle'! and to show that the .very reverse was true, aad that -the right of petition is as strong and as "whole ' and perfect in women as in the stronger sex. -Mr. A. here recapitulated the. groundshe had 'taken, stating again' the i precise ; position on which he took his stand. As to the -illustra- 1 lions from ancient and from modern hirtorV which I adduced, to show that the sense of U mankind, as well in ancient as in modern times, ' 'has ever been, and still isbn thc side of my position, I shall hot at this, time go further.- degree modified my opinions or impaired ray bv Dr. Follen. Messrs. Loring and Sewall. and f esteroay 1 reierrea i ou KVVTuii: t, r,u cnciotv I invsMiVntma-. ; I' n, ... ' . .u. a cia.I 'departure irom tne exclusive u" "J5 r . uv'i-w v vaiu jvvx-fc - o o - 1 vii j ui v itiui c j auu mab uauiouu auu vva i - . Ihe secretary's report was drawn up wnn re ell, the homely, primitive, and eminently suffer markable abilit3',and some animating anu Deau-j,ng- mcn 0 the association. The business which had been ( ritrhtpouslv rpipctpd nnd. it lmnnpnpd. theirs icountry by going dtrecuy were the speeches that went farthest in winning over the feeling of the audience to their side. I shall never forget the swimming eye and tremulous voice with which a noble lady of the persecuted party answered such a suggestion as I have mentioned. Oh,' said she, above all things, we must be just and faithful to Garrison. You do not know what we know; that, unless we nut him. on everv occasion, into the midst the Attorney-general of the State had advocated j 0f the gentlemen of the party, he will be torn to - ?i . l 1 j I r .uA-C!A.,.K 1 - 0 n .1 J t- - 1 t.!. t in council me expecieu uenwiu wi pieces, looming can save mm out uis oeingi -. ... .v-j tKm Y'mrr tbat abolitionists should be-delivered up to the mads one .-with those whom his enemies will , many, probably, as ten 0U.J5em.f had I n"aDiulnls wl lllJ uiaiiiui, nunu vui-ui-"... imposed on me a double, nay a inpie necessuy meslic circle, in the case of the ladies of Balti- interrupted by violence was put in train again ; and, when the meeting broke up, a strong feeling of satisfaction visibly pervaded it. The right of meeting was vindicated ; righteous pertinacity had conquered violence, and no immediate check to the efforts of the society was to be apprehended. The trials of abolitionists of .'Boston were, however, not vet over. Two months before, ' principle laid down by the chairman 01 tie committee, a native of that city, and one of their "own sons. ; .. ' , - , , I will, now only recur to one more examj which took place in a State Tery deeply C cerned in this question; J mean we ouue , South Carolina. ' . '; '-'JIV - - - Sir, I said that with this hand I have had the honor to present the memorials, petitions,' and ; 'remonstrancesi of more than fifty thousand o- '. mm. in this House, and' on' this ' subject ; as flave States for trial and punishment under not dare to touch.' As for Mr. Goodell, he had southern laws.; Ihe fact is credible to tnose, been frequently stoned. He was used to it.' and, perhaps, to those only, who have seen the They appeared in the midst of the professional pamphlet in reply to Dr. Channing's work on gentlemen of the association, and did the most Slavery attributed to this gentleman. The eminent service of the day. ; South was . not long in making the demand. The hall was crowded, and shouts of applause Letters arrived from the governors of southern Droke forth as the pleaders demolished an accu- States to the new governor of Massachusetts, sation or successfully rebutted the insolence of demanding the passing of laws against aboli- chairman.' Dr. Follen was again stopped, tionism in all its forms. The governor, as was as ne was showing that mobs had been the in- his business,. laid tliese letters before the legis- variable consequence of censures of abolitionism lature ot his State, lnis was ttie oniy ming he could do on this occasion. Just before, at his entrance upon his office, he had aimed his blow at the abolitionists in the ollowing pas sages of his address. The same delusion (if it be mere delusion is visible here that is shared then the murmer soon died into silence. 1 tie gentlemen went home, trusting that they had put down the abolitionists and conciliated the South. In how short a time did the new legislature of the State pass, in that very city, a series of thorough-going abolition resolutions, sixteen constituting the minority ! while the Somh had already been long despising the half-and-half doctrine of the Faneuil Hall meeting! Meantime, the immediate result of the proceeding was the mob of which I have elsewhere given an account. After that mob the regular i meetings of the abolitionists were suspended for want of a place to meet in. Incessant attempts were made to hire any kind of public building, but no one would take the risk of having his property destroyed by letting it to so obnoxious set of neonle. For six weeks exertions were . I F 11 ing worse tnan a iew yens. passed by public meetings ? in the absence of gag-laws. He was desired to hold his tongue, or to be respectful to the committee; to which he replied, in his gentlest and most musical voice, 'Am I, then, to understand that, in ak-Ino- ill of mobs. I am. disresnectful to the am- by ail persons in power, who cannot deny that jinjtee 3 fhe chairman looked foolish enough an evil exists, but have not courage to remove J during the applauses which followed this ques- it; a. vague nope that late, or rroviaence, tr t,OTK Dr. r olten fought his ground men oy something,' will do the work which, men are mch, and got out all . he had to say. The con-created to perform ; men of principle and men juct of the chairmau became at last so insuffer-of peace, like the abolitionists ; victims, not per- aoie that several spectators attempted a remon-petrators of violence. As the; genius of our glance. A merchant was silenced ; a physician mstitutions ana tne cnaracter 01 uui ueupio c was iistened to. nis SDeecn Demg seasoneu wim r , .1. - ? .i--.. entirely repugnant to laws impairing the liberty wit so .tiUe, as to put all parties into good . W ' VWnnSawL of speech and of the press, even for the sake of hmnor. T i repressing its abuses, the patriotism ol all classes The loud y expressed opinion of the spectators . V -.CI. a? iTl itnmi. 1 of citizens must be invoked to abstain from a as they disposed was," that the chairman had discussion of tofdl :Sn iVir master. 1 u:, j ,.v.i i;n I can answer lor tnose laaies wm uwiu w . . 1 1 . .. - can have no other etlect man to renaer more lne 0r a committee ol the legislature tor oppressive the condition of the slave ; and I the last time. . The result of the aflair was that whicb, if not abandoned, tnere is great reason tne report of the committee spoke disrespect- to iear win prove ine tock on wunu u .w. tuny 01 tne exertions 01 tne auoiuiomsi, uui Tf-cM.1nit will split.' . 4 A conciliatory forbearance rejeycted tbe suggestion of penal laws being p la,n. .m he proceeds to say, 'would leave this whole caJssed lo control" their operations. The letters haV aldeA i?" JUJi painful subiect where the Uonstitution leaves u, from the South therefore remained unanswered. with the States where it exists, ana in me nanus. The abolitionists held a consultation wnetner of defending them and their character against the assault of the honorable chairman. " But it so happens, that of the signatures to the 60,000 "petitions, I do believe, ini my conscience, that four-fifths, at least, have . been obtained by tho influence of two women of South Carolina, natives of that State ; from their position, well acquainted with the practical operation of the system ; intelligent, well educated, highly' accomplished, and bearing a name which South Carolina will not disown. To these two women is their country indebted for a vast proportion of all the petitions coming from their sex in New ; England, on the subject of theJTexian annexaV tion. Their own names' were attached to one of these petitions ; and they are almost the only ones with which 1 fcave the honor to ne personally acquainted.- I say i have that honor; for -1 deem it art honor. But their right to petition this House on the annexation of Texas, as jwell 'as on. the subject of' slavery itself, its moral character as a svstem. its political . character. and its influence on the history of mankind, has . a a r 1 power to obtain what he wishes, atux u no does enter on the discussion,' all I shall say is that I wish him well out of it.' (A laugh.) f TMr. Pickets, of South Carolina, here rose made in vain. At last a Boston merchant,! d dr prospects in life, I was quite ready to A lady who sat next me amused me by inquiring, with kindness, whether it revolted my feelings to meet thus in assembly with people of rq aU.wise prov;dence, who in his own good lhey should complain to the legislature of the of color. She was as much surprised as pleased time is able lo cause it to disappear, like the treatment their statements had received, and of witn my cngnsn aenciencyoi an nxnug u subject. My next neighbor on the other hand was Mrs. Thompson, the wife of the anti-slavery lecturer, who had just effected his escape, and was then on the sea. The proceedings began with the reading of a few texts of Scripture by the president. My first impression was that the selection of these texts gave out a liule vainglory about the endurance of persecution ; but when I remembered that this was the reunion of persons who had been dispersed by a mob, and when I afterward became aware how cru elly many of the members had been wounded in tbpir moral sense, their domestic atiections, slavery of the ancient world, under the gradual ( impediments thrown in the way of. their operation 01 tne ge.iue spini 01 vunsuauuv. 1 seii.iustihcation. ineyuecwea 10 lei me mai- The time is at hand. Ihe 4 gradual operation tpr TfisL tmstinir that there were witnesses of the gentle spirit of Christianity' had already J enDugh of their case to enlighten the public educated the minds and hearts of the abolition-J minaon tneir position. A member of the leg ists for the work they are doing, but which the isiature declared in his place what he had seen governor would fain have put off. It thus ap-J0f the treatment of the appellants by the chair- pears that they naa tne governor anu unumcj- man and proposed mat tne. committee snouiu general ol the State against mem, anu uv be censured. As the aggrieved persons maae wealth, learning, and power of their city. It n0 forma complaint, however, the matter was will be seen how their legislature was affected dropped. But the faith of the abolitionists was towards them. iustified". The people were enlightened as to As soon as thev were aware of the demands .heir nosition : and in the next election they re- of the Southern srovernors, they petitioned their ,llTnpfi a set of representatives, one of whose legislature for a hearing, according to the inva- earliest acts was to pass a series of anti-slavery I . . -i. 1 . 1 v: ,.jrnH " .. 1 . ... . .1 ri 1 n in im 11 uuiii x i.-icaoau . . . . t viphi mr iiifi Mil t I iilh-Lcili. uiu v i - 11 r hiiiiava rnnrrnotri , i : jtw a i !,, irf.,t,Pn; The ollensive matter was con- :i- ".1.-. K hA rnf nwr r""i i; "V.r -.u:-i. - '-. t nauie pracuce oi F suua . ; resoiuuous, oy a majoniy ui - , - - expired within the tern- 1IS ia"y, "- - - - lowea, ine spiru u. a"' " may be injured by the passing ot any proposed These were a few cf the signs ol the times sr" 'n S3;? The abo ition 1 and his head, his ne ighbors should ' fect in hopefulness, meekness, and gentleness UJ The hearinyg-wa granted, as a matter of in Massachusetts when I was there. They SlnlnS !tt wblch 5Khold Srfn& While the secretary was afterward readmg and a co mitteebof five members of the proved that, while the aristocracy of the great he propnet ors f ' uno J r ahes have not jects ; and he sent an ofler of hi, house to the n a note as handfd to me, the contents , islalure was appointcd to hear what the abo- Jilies were' not to be trusted to maintain the he.nsehes fo rtu, ate jnat Mr a nes fldies of the Antl Slavery Society They ap- of which sunk my s?mts fathom deep for the . ? n- . , The lace and time a r:nr: nn which their society was W nwhhthe boYdnesI and energy which V.JZC S Thev hUr- l T't k TZ e the Senate Chamber' on the after" Ci fte body of the people were sound'. : e speak win the ooianess uyl afternoon of Wednesday, November IS. lhey t pentlemen in the hall; and it asked me nofFridav the 4th of March. we are sensible is not usual; but in extreme tn mttXit known their intentions as ...u. t xa W..inn to rive a word of noon I J? nda) , the 4tn. ft luarcn. emergencies the conductors of the press are cul- newspaper would admit LT7hw 7h. n.t nn-. fellow-laborers as we I The expectation had been that lew or none Chari STl7ARX.This excellent, cable when they adopt a milk and water course; I J , . , rarel ven. ' Wn KphnTf r,f the nrincioles in Part'es immediately cpneernea w outa oe . . d hUanArotfst lL'ACOClSb Ufc VI v:- UCC1VU 1 thev , t , nnd it will be found too late to pour out lacnry- mose sentiments over the remains of their countrymen who are doomed by the treason of abolition. From the Philadelphia Spirit of the Times. WHO ARE THE RIOTERS f As a solemn truth, we answer the aMition-ists. 4 Pennsylvania Hair has been destroyed Kearney has been killed; but who caused these doings I As a solemn truth, we answer the abolitionists. The liberty of speech and the freedom of the press, are two of the strong pillars of the Republic, and we would be the la to abridge or destroy the one or the other. But what isa rioter? One author defines it, a 4 one who is dissipated in luxury;' another, f . earl if In n 9 nf as 4 one who raises an uproar or sedition. Now, we contend that the abolitionists are riotous, wanton, licentiously festive, seditious, turbulent, and that lhv knew the building of the 4 Pennsylvania IlaW would cause a riot in Philadelphia some day, when the comer stone was laid. Whrt thpn. are the rioters, but the abolition ists T nhnlitioni .1 J . If Aid ... 4 I . r. nftrl Vt 1 I i-..! fA are ttie riOlel. run is die iv uc uuuuiv causes, and public opinion put a', defiance by an nm.,1 violation of common decency the associa tion of black and white mate and female. Is the memory of our great and good Washington to 1 slandered bv such a wretch as a Garrison, nd the nonle tamely to submit to such an out r. because there is no law to place th fellow upon a gibbet ? Is the Father of his country the morvirtuous and most beloved to be called o thief! and yet the promoters of the abolition h. nUmved to reneat their damned calum tplv. slnn-ru existed in the slave-holding S'ates at the time of the Derlara tion of American Independence, and as 4 a ne cessary evil,' like many others belonging to nor human nature, eouid not oe got na 01, snare mrpil to five out their notices, among others, i l .,, fipfVanrn thpv were met. 1 he case was from the pulpit- . clear as daylight to my coascience. If I had I was at this time siigtuiy acquainieu nnu been a niere stranger, attending witn a mere three or four abolitionists, and I was distrusted strar)oer's interest to the proceedings of a party bv most or all of the body who took any interest f T mirrht nd ought to have declined (in me nt all. Mv feelings were very different mv,if n xvhh their proceedings. But from theirs about the slavenolders of the South ; j nad jonr before published against slavery, and naturally enough, as these soutnern siavenoiuers. aways declared my conviction that this was a were nothing else in the eyes of abolitionists, quesjon 0f humanity, not of country or race ; a moral, not a merely political question; a general affair, and not one of city, state, party, or nation. Having thus declared on the sale side of the Atlantic, I was bound to act up lo my Wla ration on the unsafe side, if called upon. I thought it a pity that the call had been made, V,i,rth I am now vprv rlad that it was, as it ?i r . u: .- f ilia fan, wn tne means 01 leacum" me uiuic vi npr nnd affairs of the times than I could have L-nmrn hv nnv other means, ana as it npeneu ih rpfrard which subsisted between myself and the wTiter of the note into a substantial, probta- ki nnl rlplicrhtfiil friendship: but. at the mo- VIVI I ' ' . m ment. I foresaw none of these good consequeu f i iv f - ,(Mnliiaeint ces, but a iormiaaoie array 01 ery uuni. ones. I foresaw that almost every iiouse in Boston, except those of the abolitionists, would be shut against me ; that my relation xo me country w"ould be completely changed, as I should be suddenly transformed from being a p-uest and an observer, to being considered a . i miosionarv or a spy; ana Tesuus even muie a- rious than this might reasonably be anticipated. During the few minutes I had for consideration, the wife of the writer of the note came to roe, and asked what I thought of it, bogging meO r,.i n,.;ia nt 1'ihtertv to attend to it or not, asl 1:1 1 T f.,lf iht I had no such lilxprtv. I WHS IllkCU. - - V humble, now 1 1 we nave and, as I understand, to certain statements' cf ' theirs which have appeared in the papers, and has spoken of their character in very exalted terms, and I do not in the least dispute what fc has said ; but I take this occasion to say that 1 have read the statements alluded to ; and, though. I know nothing personally respecting the ladies who have put them forth, I must say that I nsy-er saw such a tissue of prejudice and misrepresentation as is now going the rounds of the public papers under their names. I have held it my duty to say this, though I do it with, reloc. tance snd regret, in order to prevent any falsa conclusion which might be drawn from the silence of the Represents tives of that State' after what has been said by that gentleman. Mr. Adams. Well ; the gentleman admits he has no personal acquaintance with these ladies ; and ne has not ventured to impeach their characters, or denied that they bear a ,nama which South Carolina will not disown. Ha says, however, that he has read their representations, as contained in the public journals, and that they are a tissue of prejudice and misrep- . resentation. I wish, if the gentleman pleases, that he will be so good as to specify the parti ular misrepresentations with which he chtxges" these ladies, and each of them. He admits that their characters are of an exalted description ; yet what they have given to the world is, it seems, a tissue of misrepresentation. . oir, us , , 1. aiowsuo- . . n, tj,:,;:n ject ;' but the event proved that more curiosuj occasionally of his presence at anti-slave- cenUeman himself is in the case of saany and was abroad than had Been supposea. 1 weni For zeal for the truth and devo- man v a slaveholder; he knows nothing af rtirs just before the appointed hour, and too my seat f hunianitv, we have never 1 . . T . I I - . n I . - . - - in iueveiiijj.jf ganciji while to me they were, in some cases, personal friends, and, in more, hospitable entertainers. ! It was known, however, that 1 had declared my intention of attending an abolition meeting. This was no new resolution. From the outset of my inquiry into the question, I had declared that, having attended colonization meeu-, heard all that the slaveholders had to say for ! themselves ami against abolitionists, I felt ray- ! self bound to listen to the other side ot the ques tion. I always professed my intention ot seek ing acquaintance with the abolitionists, though I then fully and involuntarily Deueveu three charges against them, which I found to be ...un.. 11 T 1 . 4:,o now come ' - Mf llllll V F' I III1IIIJ It". 1 11C L111JV - The leaders of this political party, called fof digarring this dlIty. ,nms ncauea oy Josepn miner nimn... Q lh Mondav two frjends, then only new acquaintances, called on me at the house 01 a i.lorm'mnn where I was Btavinr. three miles .S- - - - - T O , - from lioston. A late riot at Salem was talked nvor. a riot in which the family of Mr. Thomp son had been driven from one house to another thi-. times in one night, the children being ...0,1 from their beds, carried abroad-in the r,M and iniuriouslv terrified. It was mention- A iht th ladies of the Anti-Slavery Society ,;rr 10 attempt a meeting on the next r.r,.ir,r .nd I was asked whether I was in witn mv Dartv Senate Chamber. The abolitionists dropped in one Dy one; uarrison, iuay, uooueu,ruiicu, E. G. Loring, and others. The committee treated them with ostentatious neglect, dawdling away the time, and keeping them waiting a full hour beyond the appointed time. The gallery filled rapidly, and more and more citizens entered the room below. To our great dengni, mjt. Channing made his appearance there. At length it was manifest that the Senate Cham r a some notes by us 01 his remarks oeiore me Salem (Mass.) Female Anti-Slavery Society, we find the following tender and appropriate closing appeal. 1 2VIv dear Sisters ! ve need all yoor tender and bo- I 1 V , ; .1.:- cnc. Tn nnr trnlf with th ber was not large enough ; and we adjourned Jl'-J. f heartand mishtvof this world, we ask to the Hall of Representatives, which was soon J vour ajj, when you think of one million of your about two thirds filled. colored sisters, victims of lust and avarice and all tm! nner&tion of the system. He trctks of seen his equal. He is not a popular speaker- wnat is known to him. I do not doubt in iha there is a want of unity and connection mani- least that he is, himself, a kind and induljsat fpstpd in most of his extemporaneous efforts master: so. I doubt not, are all the gentlemen but he is always solemn impressive, and, atj who represent his State , on this floor,,. They times exceedingly eloquent, in 100 King over know not the horrors that Delon to uus mji-zzzz. r m .a . - I t vi v. .tvod tbat snch conduct wronc-tora lromuoi-iromme lainersjfoo- iuum uui uait wwuvw.-wv. . i r tv mnihor hMrt nt nvr- and attend it even in their own State; and whea they are stated by those who have witaessed them, he calls the whole a tissue of misrepresentation. But, sir, I put him on the issas cf the facts, now made up between him and those ladies. I doubt not, I deny not, thesxeuracy of nis own representations, so far as he knows r tnom : but he does not know the cruel, the tyrannical, the hard-hearted master. " He oes rum .Km kneh. n1 . f ,1 I irom l tic wuuier uraiw ut juvc -ivu uk uiwi could have beten ventured upon as that ot tneif, ,v vyr,T -iii nh. Kbn it not be said of chairman of the committee. . , It was so insulting J eaca one of you in the language ot yoor beautiful con- hnth Jnnr trhat she amid ! " Tom from wj uissusi nuij I r . ----- - . , , 1 crnsnm? uui oesuuc rht be their way of thinking on the question nercaua:-jna . ges of nature which that STSten proda- which brought them tocrether. The chairman I . , . rtr ths siarc ! I have no I -M Knt which T hv spm ' with mtr own evci- and another ot the nve were eviaenuy prcueici- ,.hiiaren of my own but I n&ve ever ioea uku., mined. They spared no pains in showing it, the more fondly since my heart has oeen roucnei twisting the meaning ot expressions employed mis ciessea cause : nnt - '--J by the-pleaders, noting down any disjointed ah; phrase which could be made to tell against jowthat that mother, who -when now at tbe bare thought of separation is folding u y cioscr wuer uci has not the soul-consuming sorrow of the mother of the slave ! Oh, sisters ! if your hands ever hang down if your hearts ever slacken in this blessed cause, think, I not know the profligate villain who trocrsxtes children from his slaves, and then sella his own children as slaves. ' lie does not know . the crushing and destruction of all the tenderesl and those who used it, conveying sarcasm in their questions, and insult in their remarks. Two others evidenced a desire to fulfil their function, to hear what the abolitionists had to say. Dr. earnest ! their in saym meetings. r that I would jattend one of Would I go to this one if I R.-if.!v In America, vol. i.. P- ICO t Fsascw Jacxso, Esq. President of the Massachu. I setts Anti-Slavery Society. presently introduced lo the meeting, when I ottered the note as my reason for breaking the nf a stranrcr. and made the same declan- tmn of mv abhorrence of slavery, and wy agreement in the principles of the abottuonjta - - . . .'3 . 1 hearts ever sihcmcu x uum, Channing took his seat behind the pleaders, of those in bondage as bound with and I saw with nleasure that he was handing I them . think of the mother's breaking heart with no1 n.t t;nn- 'b,V as decisively, hone of Heaven to soothe the anguish of earth I of ' :r . v.mA nnlrpn. I woman's virtue sullied of woman's heart crashed, ana almost as puunciy na 1 o -r-- . , , ,ft, After several unanswerable defences against . if ew WWJ charges had been made, and Mr. Lionng nau work of let be y feeting of yoor hearts be extorted the respect of the committee by a speecn summoned to sustain you, until you see the misery and I mtiuL whereas the vsxf frrad a verdict darn which he showed that a ebrhj to jfc; rS.txjrj te is more injurious than penal laws, it was Dr. instead, of the slave FtsytvM jumtn . . . i. in this city of Washington. :Twelve months have not passed since a woman, in this C- trict, was taken with her K fcwr iafint chilirca and separated from her husband, who was a free man, to be sent away, I know nc4 wsre-That woman, in a dungeon in Alexand. j, tnthherown hand two ef torcZXrt, ;u s tempted to kill the others. She was tried fcr murder, and, to the honor of htimaa Citra I say it, a Jury was not to be found in tie Co trit who wonU fed her, gUty.7hat the eonsequencet , A suit at law between tJ purchaser and the seller cf the slave. The purchaser considering the contract violated, bcrcux tbe slave had been wcrTi.ted souna ta - udy : i 1 ' fl 1 1

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