The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts on December 16, 1859 · Page 3
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The Liberator from Boston, Massachusetts · Page 3

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DECEMBER 16. "TfCOLOBEDCITIZKIsrS 1 AHD JOHN r!r th P1 fevr wecks colored churches of the day of his execution, a union meeting at Tweiah Baptis-t Church commenced at II o'clock. anl coiiu'i" unj, winging, A" . l : . . and speaking varied the exercises, which ncnted in iuterest as the telegram announced tw from Chsrlestown, Va. ltev. Messrs. Young, Stevens, Thomson, Earle, Ilenson, rldclph Charles Lenox Remond, John C. Cluer, fHiJIijdffl, Wm. C. Nell, with many others, (col-j ,d white.) participated during the day. tfmv colored persona cloed their places of busi- Their houses aiso were nrrsyeu in irioutes oi : and respect, and many wore crape on their .some of them with rosettes and portraits of jolia Brown. " WORCESTER. At a meeting of the Anti-Slavery and Temperance &istr of the c0101 ox " orcester neld on . erening ot me za moi., a wiramiiiw, previously anpointed, submitted the following resolutions : 'llisolved. That, in the death of Capt. John Brown . Mtt of freedom throughout the United Stales ifoeiTed a severe oiow, ana tne victims ot op-prjuuoa in this country have lost one of their noblest fcftnders. ..Resolved, That the colored people of the United State, ss the special victims of slavery in this country, must feel in an extraordinary degree the force of the blow Vhich has been struck at liberty through tjjng the life of Capt. John Brown and his fellow- Resolved, That we deeply sympathize with thebe-jfired families of Capt. John Brown and bis fellow-Burtrn to liberty, and we will do all in our power te alleviate their distress. Resolved, That the colored citizens of "Worcester It earnestly entreated to purchase the life of Capt. John Brown, in order to assist in raising a fund for the distressed families of those noble men, and to perpetuate their memory and noble character among our people to all future time. Resolved, That our heart-felt sympathies be extended to those noble men who are yet to suffer in the cue of Freedom ; and we sincerely trust that they may be sustained by the Arm of Strength until their warfare shall be over, and they follow their Bohle captain from labor to reward. GILBERT WALKER, Chairman. Mr. William Brown concluded a very spirited ad- ires by proposing the following resolve, which was iho adopted : 'Resolved, That we tender our deepest sympathy to the relatives and friends of those colored patriots who to nobly sacrificed their lives on the altar of Freedom, and that we ever esteem them as martyrs worthy of commemoration. JOHN BBOWH MEETING ON THE CAPE. Harwich, Dec. 3. On Friday last, the day appointed for the execution of John Brown, a meeting was held by the citi-teniof Harwich, at Exchange Hall. The meeting was very large and enthusiastic ; about DO persons were present. The church bells were tolled, morning, noon and evening, for half an hour, and other demonstrations of like character, to express the sorrow of the people at the fate of the hero, John Brown. Words seemed hardly adequate to express their indignation at the Slare Power and at their course with the insurrectionists. ...... The hall was decorated with fit emblems, one of which, represented the gallows, ready for the execution, and under it was inscribed : John Brown Friend of the Slave. To-day, Virginia gives him a Martyr's grave. . Enthusiastic anti-slavery speeches, all commending Brown's course, were made by the clergymen of Harwich and the neighboring towns, also by some of the leading men and citizens of the village. The following resolutions were adopted by the meeting : , Basolved, That the Golden Rule of our Lord Do unto others as you would have others do unto jou, is the basis of the perpetuity of our civil law, and the security of our social and political happiness. . Resolved That we have tried the experiment long enough to satisfy every reasonable mind that Slavery and Liberty can never harmonize ; one or the other must succumb. Resolved, That we deeply sympathize with our brethren of the South in their condition of peril and solicitude, and would hasten every feasible effort for the removal of slavery, which portends evil, and only evu, and is the sum of all -villa nies. ' To be truly patriotic is not only to lore our country, but to be on the side of equal liberty for every citizen of our country and the world ; therefore, Resolved, That John Brown is the true patriot, and V ? . . s . - a on persecutors ana those w fto procured msaeam bio the real traitors and murderers. The meeting closed only hen darkness came on. A contribution was taken up for the family of John Brown, amounting to thirty dollars. BOWDON. MEETING AT NEW BEDFORD. . A large number of colored citizens were assembled on Sunday evening, Dec. 4, at an early hour. Ret. Mr. Kelly occupied the chair, and was assisted by Messrs. J. B. Smith, Rev. Mr. Leonard, Rev. Mr. Berry. Secretary, Louis A. Bell. The meeting was opened with reading of 58th chap. Isaiah by Rev. Mr. &mthi prayer by Rev. Mr. Leonard, and by singing tae Brain, Am I a Soldier of the Cross i In the tbtenee of the Committee on Business, remarks were by Mr. Abner IT. Davis and Rev. J. Mitchell, which were well received. The Committee which wited of the following persons, viz. : E. R. John-H, Johnson, Dr. Bayne, Rev. J. B. Smith, came nd the Chairman reported the following resolutions, which were received for discussion : ' Resolved, That this meeting do fully endorse and kvQj approve of the spirit manifested by Capt. Joha Brown and his associates, but deeply regret that b plans eo well laid did not succeed. Yet we before that, under God, the greatest good to the cause f r enslaved brethren will result from the mad of the slaveholders in sacrificing the lives of Uk" Yietitss, as that act will downore to hasten the downfall of slavery that the liberation of a thousand oJe, That we return thanks to the clergy who had manly independence enough to siak bold rda for John Brown, and also to those trustees that oplied with the request to allow the use of their to be tolled on that mournful occasion, and we 'by acknowledge our want of belief in the Chris- tiB virtues of the trustees of such churches as refused pylication ; as our religion teaches us to do unto others as we would that they should do unto us. &o'rf, That the memory of John Brown shall be "delibiy written ubon the tablets of our hearts, and tyrants cease to oppress the enslaved, we will h our children to revero hia name, and transmit it 10 tla latest posterity, as being the greatest man in rr l8t century. , JWi, That the Committee appointed at a pre TuM meeting be requested to correspond with .Capt. the jailor, at Charles town, Va., relating to the fMiitiott of the colored men Green and Copeland, "d to endeavor to ascertain whether they have faml- nd report the same at another meeting to be as soon as information is obtained. Ropj, That tne ,ame Committee be authorized dpt necessary means to inaugurate the 2d day " Lec- end to maka arr&ogeaieuta to celebrate the "7 l0 an SDOrooriAta ninntr . Mr. II. Johnson sympathized with the sufferers, and admired thctr noble daring. Mr. J. S. Bonney supported the resolutions, expressed his sympathy for the cause of the colored peo ple, admired the principles of John Brown, but la mented his fanaticism. . Mr. E. R. Johnson sustained the resolutions in a speech that made a dsep impression, eulogizing the clergy who had taken sides with the oppressed, and denouncing those whose lips were padlocked. lie said that the same spirit that had animated the martyrs of the Revolution to strike for disfranchisement from the British yoke, impelled the heroes of Harper's Ferry to deeds of valor. He ignored the idea that John Brown ws a fanatic, and, compared him with the martyrs, who in ancient times had laid down their lives for Christ's sake. Dr. J. B. Smith read the last letter of John Brown to his family. He proceeded at some length to comment on the progress of slavery, its demands and in tention. He said that oppression had, at all times. and under all circumstances, demanded a sacrifice, and that undoubtedly John Brown and his associates were the men chosen by God to become the sacrifice for American Slavery.' He believed that if ever there was a time when colored people should become united, that time was now. ' Hon. R. French was invited to speak, and made a few remarks fully endorsing the resolutions and spirit of the meeting. He entered heartily into any measure that would benefit the colored man.' He believed that Brown had done more good than if he had lived to be an hundred years old. Hattil Kelly was well acquainted with the martyr. He justified Mr. Brown in the course pursued ; invoked his shade to disturb Gov. Wise in his midnight slumbers, and to visit the pro-slavery clergy of this city in their studies. Upon the whole, he made a very telling speech. Remarks were also made by Dr. Bayne, Messrs. H. O. Remington, J. Freedom and W. Ferguson The resolutions were unanimously adopted, and at 10 o'clock the meeting adjourned. JOHN BROWN MEETING IN PROVIDENCE. . A large and enthusiastic meeting was held in Pratt's Hall, Providence, on Friday, the 2d inst., on the occasion cf the execution of John Brown. Hon. A. C. Barstow presided, and speeches were made by the Chairman, Hon. Thomas Davis, Rev. George T. Day, and Rev. A. Woodbury. The entire press of the city had, for several days previous, used its utmost influences to keep the people away; nevertheless, the hall was crowded in every part, and the most radical words received with applause. The following resolutions were unanimously adopted: Whereas, John Brown has cheerfully risked his life in endeavoring to deliver those who are denied all rights and cut off from the hopes of. manhood 'by the statutes of slavery, and is this day doomed to suffer death for his efforts in behalf of those who have no helper; therefore, Resolved, That while we most decidedly disapprove the methods he adopted to accomplish his objects, yet in his strong love for freedom, in his heroic spirit, in his fidelity to his convictions, in his faith in righteousness and in his God, in his dignified bearing, whether lying prostrate in the court-room, spurning all unwarrantable means to procure his acquittal, or confined within the cell to await his approaching execution, and in his willingness to die in aid of the great cause of human freedom, we still recognize the qualities of a noble nature and the exercise of a spirit which true .men have always admired, and which history never fails to honor-Resolved, That his wrongs and bereavements in Kansas, occasioned by the violence and brutality of those who were intent on the propagation of slavery in that Territory, call for a charitable judgment upon his recent efforts in Virginia to undermine the despotism from which he had suffered, and commend his family to the special sympathy and aid of all who pity suffering and reverence justice. Resolved, That the deep and wide-spread terror among -the supporters of slavery, aroused by this handful of earnest men who were seeking the deliverance of the slave, shows how general and deep is the sense of insecurity and danger which the despotism of slavery begets, and furnishes a reason for the most prompt and earnest efforts to remove the cause of these perils by doing complete justice to the slave, and so disarming his resentment. Resolved, That as liberty is the inalienable right of all men, it can bo no real crime for him who is unjustly deprived of freedom to seek deliverance by all wise and moral means; and it is only a fulfilment of the golden rule given by Christ to aid the fugitive in fleeing from oppression by any methods involving no moral wrong. Resolved, That the fact that resolute and estimable men are willing to risk life even in unwise efforts for the freedom of the American slave, shows that a slaveholding State must always be in peril, and that the anti-slavery sentiment is becoming ripe for resolute action. Resolved," That we find In this fearful tragedy at llarper's Ferry a reason for more earnest effort to remove the evil of slavery from the whole land as speedily as possible; that the oppressor and the Oppressed alike may be delivered from both the crime and the consequences of sustaining such an anomaly in a free government, such an incubus upon national enerv. such a barrier to true civilization, such a foe Orf ' to the highest interests of man, and such a scandal upon the religion which Christ has taught us to revere. In the evening, the same ball was filled, to listen to lecture from Wm. Wells Brown on The Heroes of Insurrection. Mr. Brown showed the progress of ideas since the day of the granting of the English Magna Charta to the present time. His heroes were of the pen, the platformvand the battle-field. His allusion to Capt. Brown's invasion of Virginia, to give freedom to the bondman, and the present tottering condition of the Slave Power, was well received. f are requested to give notice, by the publishers and author of a 'higher law work, entitled A Dog-eat-Dog State of Society, that one half the proceeds from its sales will be given in aid of John Brown'a family. The large engraving is designed to show the inharmonic condition of society, with a valuable descriptive work, containing some of General Wuliiniitnn'i romarks AOAIX8T SLAVERY, which were k., KSh ihniilA have been introduced It also contains Jefferson's and Lafayette a sentiments . against slavery. The work may be obtained of Messrs. Reading & Co., No. 8 State street, Boston. From tha Sew York Trlbana of Monday. THE BTJRIAI OF JOHN BROWN. Tha Fottag of th Body to Xorth Elba The Funeral Itpeeehea of J. SI. McKim tutd Wendell rhiUipe. - - . Tkot, Dec. 10, 1859. The little cortege, upon whom devolved the duty of following the remains of John Brown to their final resting-place, have fulfilled that duty, and I sit down to complete for The Tribune the history : of the matter You have already published a record of events up'to the time of the arrival of the body in this city, and at this point I commence my narrative. The party reached Troy on Monday afternoon, at 2 o'clock, and stopped at the American House. They came without notice, but news of their arrival aoon spread, and some of the most respectable people of the place called to express their condolence with Mrs. Brown, and to testily to the gentlemen who accompanied her their respect for their mission. . The American House U a temperance hotel, and had been Capt. Brown's usual stopping-place when in this city. 1 he landlord showed, with much pride, the autograph of JohnBrownin several places on his register, and said that he had been offered tempting prices if he would cont to part with them. The party only T II E L I B tarried Inns enough to make their connection with the next train North ; but, during this brief space, a large number of persons, including not a few of the colored class, sought and found an opportunity of shaking Mrs Brown'a hand. In token of their sympathy. They would have formed a procession to accompany her from the hotel to the depot,' but a gentleman, fearing it might be painful to Mrs. Brown's feelings, and unwill ing to add, even in the slightest degree, to her trials, discouraged them. It was at the American House that Oliver Brown took leave of his young bride in September last, shortly before the affair at Harper's Ferry, in whieh he lost his life. Mr. Brown had indicated it in his last interview with his wife, as a proper place for her to stop at on her way home. - Starting at 4 o'clock P. M., the party reached Rutland, Vt.. about 10 ; there they remained until 5 the next morning, at which hour they resumed their jour ney, and at 10 A. M. reached Vergennes, Vt. There they stoped at the fine large hotel kept by the gentlemanly Messrs. Stevens where they were most hospitably entertained, and all their wants provided for. The news that the widow of John Brown had arrived with the bodvof her husband spread like wild-lire. Soon the Hotel was crowded by leading citizens of the place who came to express their respect and sympathy. Carriages were provided in;which to convey the body and the party accompanying it to the Lake shore. A procession was formed in front, noiselessly and in a very short space of time, and, when the hour came to start, all moved forward amid the tolling of solemn bells. Arrived at the bridge over Otter Creek, a. distance of about a third of a mile, the gentlemen composing the procession halted, and, forming themselves into a double line and uncovering their heads, allowed the body, with the stricken widow and her friends, to pass through; and thus they took their leave. It was a spontaneous tribute, nnd an affecting sight. At the Iake shore a boat was in readiness, which,' deflecting from its usual course, landed the party close by the town of Westport ; thus, by saving time and trouble, accelerating them on their journey. Mrs. Brown was now among the friends and familiar acquaintances of her husband, and every kindness that 'the occasion called for was freely liestowed ; and her companions, too, shared in the good will which waa manifested for her. Without delay conveyances were provided, and the little cortege was soon on its way to Elizabethtown, where they were to tarry for the night. : A heavy rain was falling, and the snow was disappearing so fast that it had been deemed best to substitute wheel-carriages for sleighs. On reaching Elizabethtown, which is the seat of justice of Essex, the party stopped at the hotel kept by E. A. Adams, Esq.. who is also Sheriff of the County. Mr. Adams at once offered the Court-House as a place in which to deposit the body for the night, with an assurance that . a little company should be formed to guard U.. lnia offer was accepted, and in a few minutes, raining aa it was, and without any previous notice, a respectable procession was formed, and the body borne to its temporary resting-place. The house was soon filled by the leading residents of the town, eager to learn from Messrs. Phillips and McKim all the particulars of the execution. They found it hard to realize that their old friend and IVllow-citLzen, the man whom they had known so well, and only known to respect, had actually been put to death. They had not thought that, in the last extremity, Virginia would do the bloody deed. They did not see how Gov. Wise could have deliberately consented to the death of such a man. I The party were now thin twenty-five miles of their destination. But the road layover a mountain, and was well-nigh impassable ; so that, short as was the distance, it would take the whole of the next day (Wednesday) to accomplish the journey. Mr. Henry Adams, a son of the sheriff, volunteered to start off in the night, with a swift horse, to notify the family of the party's approach. Six young men, including several lawyers of the place, took it upon themselves to sit up all night in the court-house as a guard of the body. Among them were O. Abel, Jr., J. Q. Dickinson, R. Hand, and Mr. Haskell ; the names of the other two I did not learn. Among the gentlemen who called to express their sympathy with Airs. Brown, and to pay their respects to the escort, were Judge Hall, the Hon. A. Kellogg, late Member I of Congress, G. L. Nicholson, Eq., and many others, all without respect of "party. At daylight the next morning, the journey was resumed. The roads were found to be even worse than was anticipated. At 10 o'clock, the party arrived at the house of Phineaa Norton, an old friend of Mr. Brown, living in the town of Keene. It had taken all that time to accomplish these eight miles. Mr. Norton welcomed them most hospitably; lie had known Mr. Brown well, and loved him dearly. He had not been able to realize that the sentence of death would really be executed. The proof furnished by the coffin containing the dead body quite overcame him. After stopping a short time for refreshment, the party again 'started on their way. Slowly they climbed the mountain pass, and as slowly descended on the other side. The sun had set before they reached North Elba, and it was after night when they approached the house to which they were destined. As they drew nigh, they "saw moving lights, which, on their nearer approach, proved to be lanterns in the hands of men who had come out to meet them. By tltese, they were conducted in silence to the house. Not a word was spoken. These friends had been waiting all the afternoon in auxious expectation, and, unable to bear the suspense any longer, had come out to ascertain, if possible, the cause of the delay. The carriage which bore Mrs. Brown stopped at the door. She alighted with difficulty, being much agitated. Instantly there was a sharp, low cry of Mother 1 and, in answer, another in the saui tone of mingled agony and tenderness, O ! Anna ! ' and the mother and daughter were locked in a long, convulsed embrace. Then followed the Mine scene wuh the next daughter, Sarah ; and then Ellen, the little girl of five, was brought, and another burst of anguish and love ensued. Then came the daughter-in-law, Oliver's widow, and there went up a low wail, before which Hint itself would have boftened. It was a scene entirely beyond description. . But soon all was composed. The strangers had been introduced. Emotion had been put under restraint an accustomed task with these people and all was quiet. The evening meal had been ready for some time, and the family and guests, who by this lime had received some accessions to their number, took their seats. Supper was soon despatched; no one, cold and wearisome as had been the day's travel, was much disposed to eat. In a few moments, Mrs. Brown announced to Mr. McKim and Mr. Phillips, that the family were all gathered in another room, waiting anxiously to hear a recital of what had happened : and the rest were invited to join them. There was Salmon Brown, the only son at home, an intelligent-looking and handsome man of 23, tall, stout, with rich auburn hair, and a full and becoming beard; then there was Ruth Thompson, the eldest daughter, a child of John Brown bv his iirvl wife ; then the daughters and daughters-in-law already alluded to, besides some others whose names 1 do not recollect.; Mr. McKim, at Mrs. Brown'a request, began, and related, aa well as he could in so short a space as was allowed, all that had happened of particular interest to them from the time of their mother's arrival in Philadelphia, on the 12th of Nov. up to that moment. , When Mr. McKim had finished, Mr. Phillips took up the theme, and, in the tenderest and most beautiful manner, pursued it, till ali tears were wiped away. A holy. pensive joy seemed gradually to dispel ail grief, and a becoming filial and conjugal pride to reconcile these stricken ones to their destiny. It was a late hour, and the duties and trials of the morrow admonished the party thai some of them had need of rest. Mr. Brown had expressed a desire that hia body should be laid in the shadow of a rock, not far from his house. This rock, after the more striking features of the surrounding scenery, waa the first object to arrest my attention. It stands about fifty feet from the house, is about eight feet in height, and from ntteen mind of Mr. Brown a place for the interment of , place his body. The Brown Farm at North Elba is on the highest arable spot of land in the State, if, indeed, soil so hard and sterile can be called arable. The question was asked in my hearing, why Mr. Brown should have chosen a spot so difficult of cultivation, and yielding so poor a requital to labor ? and the answer was, that he had come there in pursuance of the great purpose of- his life. The land formerly belonged to Uerrit Smith, and lies near to those large tracts which that gentleman had presented as a free gilt to certain colored people, and through them to benefit their race, that he had originally come to a place so unpromising to the agriculturist.' ? The funeral was to take place at 1 o'clock from the house ; by that time the neighbors were gathered, and all were ready. The. country is sparsely settled, and there waa room, with 'some crowding, for all who came. The services were commenced with a hymn, which had been a great favorite with Mr. Brown, and with which it was said he had successively sung ail his children to sleep : . Blow ve la trumpet, blow ' The gladly o1um aound ; " .. r ' T Let aU Ilia nation know. To erlli" rcuiolMl bound, -The year ot Juoilc baa cotue, Ac It was sung to the good old tune of Lenox. It will be at once recognized by all who know anything about the old-fashioned sacred music, and it will readily be aeen why it was a favorite with Mr. Brown. The air E R A TOR. has a stirring, half-military ring, and the words a smacK of liberty. Its themes are , jubilee, ransom, &c, and it seems to blow the trumpet of freedom. . K After the hymn, followed an impressive prayer by the Rev. Joshua Young, of Burlinzton, Vt. It was a spontaneous offering, aa will be readily inferred when X mt that air. Young, with his mend Mr. Bigelow, had travelled all night through the storm and over the dismal mountain to be present at the bunau Mr. J. Miller McKim, of Philadelphia, then made .some very feeling, pertinent and impressive remarks. Mr. McKim concluded with exhortations to the family and friends to be comforted, assuring them that by their sacrifices they had made large contributions to the cause of Freedom and Humanity ; that in this respect their position was an honorable, and by many would be regarded as an enviable one, and that the hearts of tens of thousands beat in the deepest sympathy with them. SPEECH OF WENDELL PHILLIPS. -TVxxpxli. PHitxiM followed Mr. McKim, and said : How feeble words seem here ! " How can I hope to utter what your hearts are full of ? I fear to disturb the harmony which his life breathes round this home. One and another of you, his neighbors, say, I have known him five years, I have known him ten years. It seems to me as if we had none of us known him. How our admiring, loving wonder has grown, day by day, aa he haa unfolded trait after trait of earnest, brave, tender. Christian life ! "We see him walking with radiant, serene face to the scaffold, and think what an iron heart, what devoted faith ! We take up his letters, beginning, My dear wife and children, every one of them see him stoop on hia way to the scaffold and kiss that negro child and this iron heart seems afl tenderness. Marvellous old man ! We have hardly said it when the loved forms of his sons, in the bloom of young devotion, encircle him, and we remem- i ber he is not alone, only the majestic centre of a group. Your neighbor farmer went, surrounded by his household to tell the slaves there were still hearts and right arms ready and nerved for their service. From this roof four, from a neighboring one two, to make up that tcore of heroes. How resolute each looked into the face of Virginia, how loyally each stood at his forlorn post, meeting death cheerfully, till that master-voice said, 4 It is enough. And these weeping children and widows seem so lifted up and consecrated by long, single-hearted devotion to his gTeat purpose, that we dare to remind them even now, in this first bitter hour, how blessed they are in the privilege of thinking that in the last throbs of those brave young hearts, which lie buried on the banks of the Shenandoah, thoughts of them mingled with love to God and hope for the slave. He has abolished Slavery in Virginia. You may say this is too much. Our neighbors are the last men we know. The hours that pass us are the ones that we appreciate the least. Men walked Boston streets, when night fell on Bunker's Hill, and pitied Warren, saying, Foolish manl Thrown away his life ! Why didn't he measure his means better ? We see him standing colossal that day on the blood-stained sod. and severing the tie that bound Boston to Great Britain. That night George III. ceased to rule in New England. History will date Virginia Emancipation from Harper'a Ferry. True, the slave is still there. So, when the tempest uproots a pine on your hills, it looks green for months a year or two. Still, it is timber, not a tree. John Brown has loosened the roots of the slave system ; it only breathes it does not live hereafter. Men say, ' How coolly brave ! But in him matchless courage seems, the least of hia merits. How gentleness graced it ! When the frightened town wished to bear off the body of the Mayor, a man said, I will go, Miss Fouke. under their rifles, if you will stand between them and me.' He knew he could trust their gentle respect for woman, those brave Northern boys. He was right. He went in the thick of the fight, and bore off the body in safety. That same girl flung herself between Virginia rifles and your brave young Thompson. : They had no pity. The merciless bullet reached him, spite of woman's prayers, though the fight had long been over. How God has blessed him ! How truly he may say, I have fought a good fight, I have Jinithed my course." Truly he has ftnieked done his work. God granted him the privilege to look upon hia work accomplished. He said, 4 1 will show the South that twenty men can take possession of a town, hold it twenty-four hours, and carry away all the slaves who wish to escape. Did he not do it ? On Monday night he stood master of Harper's Ferry could have left unchecked with a score or hundred slaves. Let us thank God for the fifteen or twenty that did escape, and are safe under the British flag. The wide sympathy and secret approval are shown by the eager, quivering lipa of lovers of slavery, asking, Oh, why did he not take his victory and go away ? Who checked him at last? Not startled Virginia. Her he had conquered. The Union crushed seemed to crush him. In reality God said. Your work is done ; you have proved that a slave State is only Fear in the mask of Despotism ; come up higher, and baptize by your martyrdom a million hearts into holier life.' Surely such a life is no failure. How vast the change in men's hearts! Insurrection was a harsh, horrid word to millions a month ago. John Brown went a whole generation beyond it, claiming the right for white.men to help the slave to freedom by arms. And now men run up and down, not disputing his principle, but trying to frame excuses for Virginia's hanging of so pure, honest, high-hearted, and heroic a man. Virginia stands at the bar of the civilized world on trial. Round her victim crowd the apcstles and martyrs, all the brave, high souls who have said God U ood, and trodden wicked laws under their feet. As I stood looking on his grandfather's gravestone, brought here from Connecticut, telling, as it does, of his death in the Revolution, I thought I coald hear our hero-saint saying, My fathers gave their swords to the oppressor the slave still sinks before the pledged force of this nation. I gi ve my sword to the slave my fathers forgot." If any swords ever reflected the smile of Heaven, surely it was those draw at Harper's Ferry. If our God is ever the Lord of Hosts, making one man chase a thousand, surely that little band might claim him for their captain. Others have fouzht for themselves, and died for their own rights. This man died for a race in whose blood he had no share. Harper's Ferry was no single hour, standing alone taken out from a common life it was the flowering of fifty years of single-hearted devotion. He must have lived wholly for one great idea, when these who owe their being to him, and these whom love has joined, group so harmoniously around him, each accepting serenely his and her part. I feel honored to stand under such a roof. Hereafter you will tell children standing at your knees, I saw John Brown buried I sat under his roof. Thank God for such a master. Could we have asked a nobler representative of the Christian North putting her foot on the accursed system of SI very ? As time passes, and these hours float back into history, men will see against the clear December sky that gallows, and round it thousands of armed men guarding Virginia from her slaves. On the other side, the serene face of that calm old man, as he stoops to kiss the child of a forlorn race. Thank God for our emblem. May he soon bring Virginia to blot out hers in repentant ahame. and cover that hateful gallows and soldiery with thousands of broken fetters ! What lesson shall those lips teach us i Before that still, calm brow, let us take a new baptism. How can we stand here with out a fresh and utter consecration? These tears 1 how shall we dare even to offer consolation i Only lips fresh from such a vow have the right to mingle their words with your tears. We envy you your nearer place to these noble children of God. I do not believe Slavery will go down in blood. Ours is the age of thought. . Hearts are stronger than ewords. ' Tnat last fortnight 1 How sublime its lesson ! the Christian one of conscience of truth. Virginia is wesk because each man's heart said amen to John Brown. Hia words they are stronger even than hia rifle. These crushed a State. Those Jave changed the thoughts of millions, and will yet crush Slavery. Men said. Would he had died in arms' God ordered better, and granted to him and the slave those noble prison hours that single hour of death, granted him a higher than the soldier's place, that of teacher; the echoes of his rifles have died away in the hills a miliion hearts guard his words. God bless this roof make it bless us. We dare not say blesa You, children of thia home ; you etand nearer to one whose lips God touched, and we rather bend for your blessing. God make us all worthier of him whose dust we lay among these hills he loved. Here he girded himself, and went forth to battle.' Fuller sue-' cess than his heart ever dreamed, God granted him. He sleepa in the blessings of the crushed and the poor, and men believe more firmly in virtue, now that auch a man has lived. Standing here, let us thank God for a firmer faith and fuller hope. Another hymn was then sung, during which' the coffin was placed on a table before the door, with the face exposed, so that all could see. It waa almost aa natural as life far more so than an ordinary corpse. There was a flush on the face, resulting from the peculiar mode of death, and nothing of the pallor that is usual when life is extinct. '. Mr. Phineaa Norton, who acted as the friend of the household on the occasion, invited all who desired to do so to come and take a last look, and then make way for the family. The neighbors went forward as invited and took their final leave of all that remained ot their cherished friend ; and then followed the fami ly. It waa a touching sight to see those widows, the eldest still in the prime of life, and the younger onea in its opening bud, deprived of their natural-compan ions, leaning, as they stood round the coffin, on the arms of strangers. Such a sight I should not expect .to see again u J, ahouia lire a thousand, years. w t . This scene over, the next that followed was the short procession from the house to the grave. First came Mrs. Brown, supported by Wendell Phillips ; then the widow of Oliver Brown,' leaning on the arm of air. AicK.im. who, in his other hand, field that or the little girl Ellen; next came the widow of Watson Brown, supported by the Rev. Mr. Young, and after mat, though whether next in order I eannot now lell, the widow of William Thompson, leaning on the arm of one of the family. Salmon Brown and his sisters followed, with Henry Thomnmn. and Ruth, his wife. John Brown's eldest daughter; and then Roswell Thompson and his wife, the aged parent cf the two young men of that name who were killed at Harper's Ferry. Then followed the friends and neighbors. As the body was lowered into the grave, a gush rf grief, apparently beyond control, burst from the family, and Mr. Young stood forth to comfort them. Raiding his deep and mellow voice, and auotinz the words witteu to Timothy by Paul when ho was brought before Nero the second time, and just before uis death, he said : I have fought a good finht: I have finihi-d mv coarse; I have kept the faith; henceforth there is laid up . for me a crown of righteousness which f.he Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me ; and not to me only, but unto all that love his appearing ' ; which words he followed with the benediction : v . May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, the bless ing of God our Father, and the Communion of the Holy Spirit, be and abide with us all, now and forever. Amen. . : The words seemed to fall like balm on all who heard them. The sohs were hushed, and sood the family, with the rest, retired from the grave, leaving the remains of the loved one to their last repose. It was now nearly 3 o'clock. Messrs. Phillips and McKim, and all of us indeed, were anxious to be on our way home. A long and dLHicult journey was before us, and as the worst part waa to be encountered at the outset, it was important that we should start aa long as possible before the setting in of nighCA The carriages were got ready ; a hasty but tearful leave-taking ensued between tho family and their friends from a distance, and soon we were all on our way over the mountains. . Most of our party stopped at Keene that night, but one or two pushed on to Elixa-liethtown. On the following evening which waa last evening Mr. Phillips, by previous engagement, delivered a lecture in the Town Hall at Vergenne. The room could not hold all that desired to hear. I was not present till the discourse was in good part over, but I doubt not some account of it will find its way into print. You may form some idea of its quality when I tell you that a venerable Deacon who came to the hotel where I stopped made the following remark; I have listened, said he, to seven thousand sermons in my life, and I heard more of God'a eternal truth to-night than waa contained in them all.' AMERICAN ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY. RECEIPTS. Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society donation, Francis Jackson, for pledge at New York meeting,.-Mrs. Maria W. Chapman, Marius R. Robinson, collections in Western New York, $400 60 200 100 00 00 19 62 FRANCIS JACKSON. Treaeurer. CP" JOHN BROWN'S FAMILY. The undersigned having, it a meeting held in Tremont Temple, on the 19 th inst., been appointed a Committee to j take charge of such funds as may bo tendered for the Deneht or JUU.x UKUIV rAUlhl, are ready to receive donations for that object, to which they shall be faithfully applied. Contributions may be sent to the Treasurer, or to either of the undersigned in Boston. S. E. SEWALL. Chairman, 46 Washington street; JOHN R. MAN LEY. Treasurer, 24 Dock square; GEORGE BIGELOW, 23 Essex street ; JOHN AYRES, 1 1 Liberty square. HUMPHREY JAMESON, 434 Washington st. Boston, Nov. 23, 1859. C?" CIVIL AND POLITICAL EQUALITY FOR WOMEN. Counts Woman' Right Convention, to be addressed by Mrs. Frances D. Gage, Lucy N. Col man and others, will be held as follows: Pen Yan, Yates Co., Tuesday, Dec. 20. Lyons. Wayne Co., Tuesday, 27. By Mrs. Tracy Cutler and J. Elizabeth Jones : Jamestown, Chatauque Co., Tuesday, Dee. 20. Collins Centre, Erie Co., . 27. Each of the above meetings will be at 2 and 7 o'clock, P. M., of each day named. . THE VIRGINIA TRAGEDY. An Anti-Slavery Meeting will be held in the Reformed Dutch Church, at E ASTON, Washington Co., N. Y., on FRIDAY, Dec. 16. Sessions at 2 o'clock and 7 o'clock, P. M. ' Leonard Gibbs, Esq., and others, will address the meeting. These are historic times ! Let there be a great gathering of the friends of Freedom ! - - FIFTEENTH ANNUAL COURSE OF ANTI- SLAVERY LECTURES. : ; The Third Lecture of this series will be given by Rev. B. F. Boklks of Melrose, on Sunday evening, Dec. 18, commencing at half past 7 o'clock. Admission fee, 5 cents. CAROLINE BALCH, Rec. See. Salem Female A. & Society. Salem, Dec. 15. PLYMOUTH. The annual Anti-Slavery gathering at forefathers Rock will take place on Saturday, Dec. 31st, 1859, and January 1st, 1860. -' - Meetings will be held in Davis's Hall, Plymouth, commencing on Saturday evening, and continuing through the day and evening of Sunday, Jan. 1st. Vs. Llotd (jarrisox, Wk.ndell Phillips, Kn-Mirxi Qcixct, Charles L. Rzmond, Savfel Mat, Jr. tnd other speakers, are expected to bo present. ' . , . EdF The annual meeting of the Old Colony Anti-Siucery Society will bo held in connection with the absve. And all persons are invited to attend. ', BOURNE SPOONJSR, President. ' S5trEL Dter, See. rF ANDREW T. FOSS, an Agent of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society, will lecture as follows: PeppeHdl, Surday rxd Sunday rt I - evenings, Groton, . Tuesday evening, 17 and 18 . 20. 21. 22. 24. -25. Leominiter, Wednesday, evening, Westmiister, Thursday " Garden Centre Satur'y and Sun-and S. Garden, y day evenings. THE VIRGINIA TRAGEDY. ..... Mabicb R. Robiksox and A Anon M. Powell will address a meeting at GHENT, in the Friends Meeting-Houae, on Sunday afternoon, Dec 18, at ha'if.nutt 0 rt'rlrwnV !- -' 1 .- .; ' : r. LECTURE BY DR. ROCK. , Dr. Rock will deliver his lecture on Madame de Stael, in Mercantile Hall, Summer Street, Boston, next Monday evening, 19th inst. at half past 7 o' clock. Admission 25 centa. WOMAN'S RIGHT TO LABOR : OR, LOW WAGES AND HARD WORE. rpHREE Lectures by Mrs. C. H. Dall, as fol-JL lows : . ' ' - .1. Death or Dishonor. " v ""' -' - II. Verify your Credentials. - ' IIL The Opening of the Gates.' : Forming a thorongh examination, with abundant and interesting 'Facta and Figures, of the whole question of Woman's labor. . 1 vol. 16mo. Paper, 50 cents: cloth, 61 cents. Sent by mail, pott paid, on receipt of the price. Just published, by WALKER, WISE ft CO., 245 Washington street, Boston. -' Dec 9. . - . ? . a " ,,r 2 wis. s : .. ; , -i JOHN BROWN. excellent likeness of the 4 Hero of Harper'a Ferry.' with hi Autograph, replies to Ques tions propounded to him by Senator Mason and others, at the time of hU capture, and his inimitable address to the Virginia Court when about to receive his sentence of death; may be had at this office. REDDING & CO.; State street, wholesale agents. -,: Price, 15 cents $10 per hundred. - - j . Dec 16.. - ..; v- ." . The Tbinkor; BEING the 5th volume of the O sa IIaoitia, by A. J. Davis, ia just puUiabsi and rtzij f v delivery. ;i Price One Dollar. Eir'v r-'-e Tr y mail. pottage free, on rer:pt of th '1 v J discount on wholesale prices." ' ' 1 ' 1 " Address BEL A HATII, 'IT-1 " ttostoa. .H to I .-'.! hm . , ' Dec 16. f "' . . , -- i THE JJOOKvFOS THE TUXE3 iy P RESS: t r - TV ; CAPT.-JOHN BROWN, . THE LIBERATOR OF HAITOAS, AXD THS Hero of Harper's Ferry. .' BY JAHXS BEDPATTX. AN ' elegant 13 mo. volume of 400 page, niuatra ' trated, and embellished with a superb .-, t or THS " GLORIOU8 OLD' MAN. ' This book will be issued before the first f January, ? Ib60, and. ill be a work of thrilling an fascinating iateiest. Price, $1.00. A liberal per rentage of the o as x r o resulting from its publication' will be , i" Given to the family of Brown. -r : - THOUSANDS OF r AJEX1 3 , . . . will be wanted to supply the demand in every town, village and hamlet, throughout the country., . j Address, THAYER k ELDRIDGE, JVWsAers, . Nos. 114 and 116 Wabbotx StuRct. - N25 3w , BOSTON. MASS. Portrait of John Brown. Will be published, on FRIDAY, DEC, 2d, by CHARLES H. BRAINARD. 322 WASHINGTON STREET. A magnificent lithographic portrait of John B&owx, drawn by Thomas M. Johnston, from a photograph taken for T. H. Webb, Esq., and the last picture for which the old hero ever sat. A liberal portion of the profits will be given to tho family of Captain Brown. PRICE, ONE DOLLAR. I rW Sent by mail, free of postage, on receipt of the price. - - For sale by Williams & Everett. 234 Washington atreet ; Elliot & White, 322 Washington street ; Wm. C. Nell, 21 Cornhill; and by printsellera generally. D2 2w - . . A compound remedy, in which we have labored to : produce the most effectual alterative that can be made. It is a concentrated extract of Para Sarsaparilla, so combined with other substances of still greater alterative power as to afford an effective antidote for the diseases Sarsaparilla is reputed to cure. It is believed that such a remedy is wanted by those who. suffer from Strumous complaints, and that one which will accomplish their cure nurt . prove of immense service to this large class of oar afflicted fellow-citizens. How completely this com pound will do it has been proven by experiment on many of the worst cases to be found of the following complaints:- ' ' ' '" j ' ' Scrofula and Scboftlotjs CoMriAnrra, Earr. ; ttons and encftlyk diseases, ulcers, plmtlss, Blotches, Tcxors, Salt Rheum, Scald Head, Stphilib and Syphilitic Aftectioxs, Mebctjkiai. Disease, Dropsy, Neckaloia ok Tic Doclocrxcx, Debility, Dyspepsia and Indigestion, EaTir-las, Rose ob St. Anthony's Fiax, and indeed tho whole class of complaints arising from Jbtrrairx of the Blood. This compound will be found a great promoter of health, when taken in the spring, to expel tho foul humors which fester in the blood at that sea. -son of the year. By. the timely expulsion of them' many rankling disorders are nipped in the bud. Multitudes can, bv the aid of this remedy, spare themselves from the endurance of foul eruptions . and ulcerous sores, through 'which the rjstem will strive to rid itself of corruptions, if not assisted ta do this through the natural channels of the body by an alterative medicine. ' Cleanse out the itiaFtfa. - blood whenever you . find its impurities bursting through the skin ia pimples, eruptions, or sorest , cleanse it when you find it is obstructed and tlug-gish in the veins ; cleanse it whenever it is foul, and your ieelinga will tell you when. . Even where no particular disorder is felt, people enjoy better :: health, and live longer,, for cleansing the blood. ' Keep, the blood healthy, and all is well ; but with this pabulum of life disordered, there can be no lasting health. '' Sooner or later something rrrast go wrong, and the great machinery of life ia disordered or overthrown. Sarsaparilla hat, and deserves ranch, the reputation of accomplisliing these ends. But tho world has been egregious! y deceived by preparations of it; partly because the drug alone haa not all the virtue ; that is claimed for it, but more because many prep-: stations, pretending to be concentrated extracts of ' it, contain but little of the virtue oX Sarsaparilla, or any thing else. , - During late years the public nave been misled ; by large bottles pretending to give a quart of Ex-, tract of Sarsaparilla for one dollar. Most of these ' have been frauds upon the sick, far they not only ' contain little, if any, Sarsaparilla, but often no ' curative properties whatever. Hence, bitter and painful disappointment has followed the use of the various extracts of Sarsaparilla which flood the . market, until the name itself is justly despised, and has become synonymous with imposition and cheat. : Still we call this compound Sarsaparilla, and intend ' to supply such a remedy as shall rescue the nam from the load of obloquj which rests upon k. And ' we think we have ground for believing it has virtues which are irresistible by the ordinary run of the diseases it is intended to cure. 'Ira order to ' secure their complete eradication from the system, the remedy should be judiciously taken according to directions on the bottle. " -:i - - i , - raXPSJUCD Y ; " n DC J, C, AYED C CO., LOTVEL.L, .MASS. Price, 91 per Bottle j Six Bottlea for Ayer's Cherry Pectoral has won for itself such a renown for the core of every variety of Throat and Long Complaint, that it -is entirely unnecessary for us to recount the evidence of its virtues, wherever it has been employed. Asithastons: been in constant use throughout this section, we need not do more than assure the people its quality is kept Vp to the best it ever has been, and that it may be relied on to do lot their relief all it haa ever been found to do Ay Cathartic1. Pais, ers TOIL THS CntX OT Cotticene, Jaundice. , Dypepeui, Indipeetion, Dyen-a. Hrytpelaa, JieadacAe, Jlen, (m. F"oul Stomach. Rheumatitm, Eruption and Skim Pitta, Liter Complaint, Dropty, Tetter, Tumor and SaU FJuttm, Worms, Gout, Neuralgia, a a Dinner PilL nnd or Purifying the Blood. f They are sugar-coated, so that tb moot sensirivsi cam take them pleasantly, and they are the best sperient ia the world for all the purposes of a family phywe. Price, 25 cents per lex; Tin boxes lar SLCX . Great numbers of Clergymen. Physicians, Statesmen, and eminent personages, have lent their naves to certify the unparalleled usefulness of these remedies, but our space here will not permit the insertion of them. The Aeenta below named furnish gratis our Axt.UCAX Almanac, in which they are given: with also full descriptions of the above complaints, and the treatment that should be M" I heVr5rt': , " .' Do not be put off by unprincipled dealers with other preparations they make more profit on. Demand Ayek's, snd take no others. 1 The sick want tho best aid there is for them, and they should have it. All our Remedies are lor sals hy THEODORE METCALF & CO., J BREWER, STEVENS CUSHIXq, j" BROWN It PRICS, Salem t ' ' H. Hv- CAT,- JrxUnd i T J. N. XIOHTON ft CO., Cememrd, if. H. Sold by Ere-' iti r Wd Dealers in Medicine every her. - Crv - - IT I wh J. 2, .ON ft; 80ltt - X'UYOJsT ar Ayer's Sarsaparilla, - - - i

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