K0 UNION WITH SLAVEHOLDERS. Tho United States Constitution oovennt wit-t death, and an agreement with. bcLL CP" The free States are the guardians and essential supports of slavery. We are the jailers and constables of the institution. ... There is some excuse for communities, when, under 'a generous impulse, they espouse the cause of the oppressed in other States, and by force res-tore their rights ; Lut they are vUtout txcuse in aidinj other State in binding on men n unrtjhtMut yoke. On this subject, ova fathir, rx j-kamiso thb Constitution, swerved fkox thb bight. We their children, at the end of half a century, see the path of duty more clearly than they, and must walk in it. To this point the public mind has long been tending, and the time has come for looking at it fully, dispassionately, and with manly and Christian resolution. . . ... Jfo blessing of the Union can be a compensation for taking part in the era. Laving of our fellow-creatures ; . nor ought this bond to be perpetuated, if experience shall demonstrate that it can only continue through oir participation in wrong doing. To this conviction the free States are tending. William Eelert Chaxsixq. - ? j H PCIlMSHfcl) ' - EVERY FRIDAY MORNING, AT THE- t UTI-SLA VERY OFFICE, 21 COItNIULL, .. . BOBERT P. WALLCUT, General Agent, -jr-TERMS Two dollars and fifty cents per to Five copies will l)c pent to one address for tkj IjoIAA' payment lc made in advance. ' fjT AH remittances are to be made, and all letters relating to the pecuniary concerns of the paper arc to " be directed, (post faip,) to the General Agent. j-y Advertisements making less than one square in- rtcd three times for 75 cents one square for $1.00. ' , 5 The Agents of the American, Ma?achusctts, Pennsylvania. Ohio and Michigan Anti-Slavery Ro-. dctie are authorised to receive subscriptions for The .. LfSETOR. r The following gentlemen constitute the Financial Comtnittee, hut arc not responsible for any of the ictts of the ptprr. viz : Puaxtts Jacksox, Ed-kcvo QrrscT, S-Mrr Pim-mucK, and Wendell :" fEftitrs. LLOYD GARRISON, Editor. VOL. XXIX. NO. 45. REFUGE OF OPPllESSlOiN. THE FATE OF BROWN. The New York Journal of Commerce lias an intimation that, perhaps, the State oS Virginia, in its majesty and power, having vindicated its honor, put down the invasion, and brought the desperado Brown n his associates to justice, will exercise its mercy jn the pardon of the prisoners. We must con ft our surprise at such an intimation in a quarter distinguished as conservative and patriotic. But we are more than ever convinced that the whole gang of outlaws should have been executed as soon as taken. Hereafter when an attempt like that at Harper's Ferry is renewed, let the higher law ' of abolitionism be met by the higher law ' of self-preservation, and the ruffians have a jhert shrift and a long rope. There are occasions and times when apparent rashness is the truest prudence, and when it is wise and safe to follow impulses rather than reflection. We have little doubt that Brown himself and all his confederates at the North were surprised that he was permitted to live ten minutes after his capture, and that this noble moderation and forbearance, are mis- construed by abolitionists into fear, and have given rise to vain expectations of his pardon in the midst of those who sympathize witli murderers and "pirates, though not with their crimes. It is unnecessary to say that the human mind never entertained a more insane delusion than the expectation of Brown's pardon, and that the only regret is that Seward, biddings and their confederates, have not ventured their own necks within reach of the same halter. Richmond Enquirer. The Journal of Commerce Is mistaken if it expects any clemency to the prisoners at Charles-- town from the executive of Virginia, or any manifestation, from any quarter at the South, of a disposition to deal gently with them. The invasion of Harper's Ferry has exhausted the forbearauce of the people of the South, and created, from the Potomac to the Rio Grande, a feeling of indignation of which out northern brethren are not aware, because it is ' too profound to be expressed in the noisy threats in ' which the South usually vents her r.ige, for wrongs ' which she suffers from the North. This feeling ex- tends beyond the brigands, who are now upon trial at Charles-own, to the party at the North, whose teachings they have illustrated by treason, robbery and bloodshed, and to the section which submits to the domination of such a party. It demands that the brigand Brown and his followers shall suffer the extreme penalties of the law, for the crime of which they have been guilty ; and that, henceforth, there shall be no concession to or compromise with the Anti-Slavery fanaticism of the North. Georgia Constitution. The more we think of tins unparalleled affair, the further we become bewildered and lost in amazement. Their career was a short but terrible one. Many valuable lives, we are told, have been sacrificed a circumstance truly to be deplored. Like the neighboring population, we go in for a summary vengeance. A terrible example should be made, that will stand out as a beacon-light in all tims to come. Savannah Republican. It demonstrates the necessity of the Northern people in a body, and with ono voice, putting down and crashing out such miserable, incendiary, Abolition wretches, as (biddings, Garrison, Fred Douglass, Wendell Phillips, Seward, Wilson and Sumner. These are all schemers and conspirators against the lives and property of the Southern people, and the peace of the Union. All the powers of the Federal Government and the Government of Virginia should be employed in bringing them to a speedy justice. If there is evidence showing the complicity of GidJings, Doug-Las, or Thayer, or any other person in this affair, I't them, be arrested, tried and convicted, and punished. As to the prisoners who were eaught in the act, let them be hung, and that forthwith. There should bano temporizing and no fiddling on the part either of the President or of Governor Wise. The insurgents are nothing more nor less than pirates and jaurderers, entitled to none of the courtesies of war nr clemencies of law. Immediate shooting or hanging, without trial, is the punishment they Juerit.aml the only punishment which will have the dired effect, either at the North or the South. In fu-d fc such offenders, a just and sale principle is t bang them, and try them afterwards. Richmond . R is idle for Republican journals, in their fear and erdly denials of any knowledge of the Harper's "J insurrection, to attempt to mislead public sen- tia-nt by declaring that Brown was mad,' 4 crazy,' fanatic,' that he had no connection in the North, ad that political party is responsible.' The TwMicn papers dare not approve of tho result of UMr own teachings and practices. Is Garrison Was the editor of the Syracuse Journal Was Dr. Cutter crazy ? Is General James jn Webb mad ? Is Horace Greeley an inmate of J bo,I'itaI, or doe he still edit the New York Tri- Is Mr. Burlingamesane? Abraham Lincoln, oaator Wilson, Senator Wade, Senator Sumner, ntr Seward, are they all mad ? Are the three W"'1 Prat,'e''s ' of New England, w ith Henry . "Beecher and Theodore Parker at their heads, f" of a nmd-houe, or are they still, if a'.l liv- & poaching the Gospel of Christ ? Yet all these, ""1 Wa or thousands of others, editors and speak- "Te advocated the doctrines which mad (?) tt-Wn i . , . . ti i i.i: VWD ' U :.. il l.. T.,i T..,.nU; r Pirty of the North is stained with tho blood of "rr3Ctinn un.l 1 I... r...:n.vi1 mxiii t.boir b:tn- . .. "ey ure rcrmiini hie More God lor the victims "pfer'a Ferry ! Pennsytvanicin. 2T The immediate moral, and the immediate le- ''""ponsibilitv fr the blood v aflair at Har- L 'TTJ rots, we believe, u William II. K J li-r-ifl. TW 'Z in:i!UIC - - - - - - . awi mS teacnings oi incessant ar upon KT7.; fyp not Siward the great Ajiollo of the rPhhcaD party, and was not Brown only one of . Uithfui ioKtrumeuts in his Kansas work '? ??7 avin .let t!ie government prosecute its in-,n arection, and let justice be done, ac-j UlDJ; .to the facts which may bo disclosed. Sure-jJwUde B.vcher and PhiUifs and many other l3 nd organs of the Anti-Slavery cause, Abo-jaJIkpublieari, are feasting of aud glorying "Id Drown and daring and defying the Vir-1 or f"der:il authorities to hang him, eurcly dl mutbe,"' aid co jifort ' in the back-ground Wotf liking after, and bringing to judg-York Herald. iT w AJHtionists mentioned by Old Brown w'"11 of his nefarious scheme are said to be aWi,nS4 W theip Beccber, it w aiJ, will la trip tn F.'irope, and it is thought rem, i- lt Srni will accompany him. Giddinga 2JJS, Brow,,ays he don't know the old Rural Southron. OEHKIT SMITH. j of Mjcgiippi-aH dUturliera of the public peace If events ehall prove that Gcrrit Smith of New ; all howlers who care nothing for country or conse-York has !een concerneil in encourajrins bv his ad- quences all traitors dved in tho wool. Brown. vice or money the'-treasonable movement of Ossa- braver than the others, b;is attempted what his com-wattomie Brown, we know no reason why he should ; peers the South only threaten. Dissolution of the not bo punished with all the severity the law de- j Union is the object of all. It will be a glorious day mands. He has b,Km accounted a man of pare and , when the Republicans coining into power, put the noble impulses and philanthropic purpses; but if' government buck into the grooves in which it ran so he has been led by his hates or hy his devotion to smoothly for three-fourths of a century when by on") idea into the company of misguided and criminal '; their wisdom and patriotism, insurrections for Freemen, he cannot hope to escape the consequences of' dom will be impossible, and when 8Jce8ion forSlave-hisact. lie has no political affiliations with the 'Twill be an offence punishable by hanging! In Republican party ; and, if prosecn ted. will doubtless, the meantime, this bogus Democracy which has rely for defenders upon Democrats whom he has in ' stirred up the heinous and unnatural strife must be effect appeared anxious to serve. Wheu he set him- j charged with all the consequences as they are devel-self up as an independent candidate for Governor of oped in the North or the South. Clucago Tribune. New York, because the Republicans did not eonie up to his requirements on this slavery question, he be- . xh;8 frightful transaction was an outbreak not T?h l aK VG T?i m th?.PrtJ 5 an? I merely of Abolitionism, but of Republicanism. It as such has been constantly treated II w warmest , W1W a practical demonstration of the avowed prin-personal friend : Mr. Douglas of Iihno.s. W hen d u an1 direct t,achj )f the ,eade of that " ity. was me oenaior agucsi ; anu nis ast speech made here was a fulsome laudatmn of that gigantic little man. W e I.k for that gentle-. man and the Chicago Times, his hand-organ, to en ter upon his defence. Chicago Tribune OL.D JOHN- Baowjsr. This madman has mot a tragic end at last. An ! insane effort to accomplish what none but a mad man would atteinnt. has resulted as anv one hut a madman would have foreseen, in death to all who' were engaged in it. The account of tho wild foray in which he was engaged, we publish in another column. Knowing the character of the man, and familiar with his course for the past two years, as nearly all ' . f r - .i -iti i ! citizens of Kansas are, none here will be surprised at his attempted insurrection and its bloody tormina- tion. Of him, we miht say with truth, his wrongs have made him mad. when John Brown, the I'ennsy his sons, were as peaceable and peace- as could be found in our country. He came to Kansas early, and loving the cause of freedom, ho was an earnest Free State man. For this he suffered. He saw his home invaded and destroyed ; he mourned the death of a beloved eon. And these great wrongs crized the bid man, and made him a fanatic, a monomaniac, with but one thought, one idea, one impulsa vengeance on , the slave power which had destroyed his pmice, revenge on the man who had murdered bis kind-red nml fripmld It is s:ii1 t.h:Lt lirt took an awful oath that while life remained, his hand should be raised f against this power, and lie would war against it to j the death. j No sane man, however strong in his convictions ' against slavery, will pretend to justify the mad i course he pursued. All will unite in condemning it, and no Northern man but would use every effort to put down such an expedition as he undertook. The termination of bis foray will be the termination of every such insane and murderous attempt to create a servile insurrection, as it ought to be. None but madmen would ever attempt it, aud they will meet with a madman's death. Of the insurgents, fifteen have been killed. Brown and the others have been captured, and will be hung, as they deserve to be. And thus will terminate this -insane attempt to incite a servile insurrection. Thus will it always be with the traitors who engage in such attempts. Those engaged in them will be hung like dogs, and their murderous designs will perish with them. Freedom's (Atchin-so n) Champion. (!!) BAD HEWS FOR THE ABOLITIONTSTS. Our special Richmond despatch informs us that it has been decided on by the Virginia authorities to hand over Cooke John Brown's lieutenant to be tried by the federal court in the Harper's Ferry district. The object of-this is to have Seward, Greeley, Sanliorn, Wilson, Hale, Forbes, Gerrit Smith, and all others who were implicated in the conspiracy, or who are known to have been in tho secrets of the conspirators, subpoenaed as witnesses, and placed on the stand to tell all they know in the matter. They are outside the jurisdiction of the Virginia State courts, but not of the federal courts. Gerrit Smith, it seems, was anxious, after the failure of his Kansas work," to unburthen his mind and make a full statement to the public, con fessing his own connection with the Harper s rerry outrage, and showing up tne part taken in it oy an the black republicans and abolitionists of New York and New England ; but his friends restrained him, and induced him to keep quiet. If the plan inti- mated by our Richmond correspondent be carried ( out, the Peterloro 'philanthropist will have a lcgiU- mate opportunity auorded him ot telling ' the trutn, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.' We do sincerely hope, therefore, that the federal and the Virginia authorities will arrive at a prompt understanding on this matter, have Cooke put on trial before a district Judge of the United iSUtes, and process issued to compel the attendance of all crson8 in this section of the country whose names have been associated with the traitorous and murderous acts of Ossa wa torn ie Brown. We will then know to what extent Seward, Sumner. Smith, Lawrence, Greeley & Co., were aiders and abettors in this villanotis conspiracy. Hurry up the indictment ! Aeu lor k Herald. "WHO'S TO BLAMl? f A squad of fanatics whoso zeal is wonaeriuiiy ais- , proportioned 10 ineir sense, nu a o-....... . ilave whose ignorance is equalled only ny ineir ae-; sire for the freedom of which they have been robbed, all commanded by a man who has for years been as mad as a March bare, unite in making an jnaur-rection at Harper's Ferry. Tiiey break into and take possession ot an United suites armory, eiop a railway train, kill a few citizens, assume command ing positions about the town ; and fora few hours meet with none to difpute their right. They are T 1 . . C UA m.Mir in.c ktrt r-.fxl wm:l 5 1 1 cfr it ti1 I f V Anil ioliv'os well as unpardonable criminality in all these acts : and when their career is arrested, their leader - 1 shot down, and his followers are dispersed, there is not a public journal of any party, or public man of any abode of opinion found to approve their means or justify '.heir ends. But what matters it that the stark mad enterprise was the product of addled brains ; that in itself it is incontestible evidence of the insanity of its originator; that its chief in his confession claims all the credit and all the criminality for himself ; that the purpose- of the emeute are foreign to Republican policy ; that the means chosen for it- consummation are utterly repugnant to Republican senso of right and wrong, in ppite of these, the journals of the bogus Democracy have already begun their lying assertions, thct for the in surrection and it consequence- the uepuDiican party are to be held .ccouDtable7 Human menuacuy could go no further. ' We clas them altogether Black Douglasses and white, old Brown aud Senator Brown, the insur-roctionisto at Harper's Ferry, and the cxionit. Our Country is the World, our BOSTON, E It! DAY, ; t g , M thege tt3Achi Wyre confined to Abo- . iftilnisto mch a f fools and madmen aild .,rACtX .ufc.thrb, tht whirtl, ,,n.l.rt .fcr the 4 Kansas work ' at this place, could not have been found willing te. Btake th'.ir lives upon such an enterprise. But when the tale was taken up by Republicans improper, and lessons of disunion, and revolt, and violence, and contempt of the Constitution and the law, were announced at Faneuil Hall, s , an'J P! and promulgated from the stump, the convention. the Scato l-'gWative hall, and the seat in the Senate ! of the united States what could more legitimately pr have followed than an application of the schooling as that which we have just witnessed? The whole mischief of these overt acts is distinctly traceable to, it it ho not an inevitable sequence of the stupendous j fallacy of the ' higher law.' The lower law, upon ' t!us Pernicious theory, is the Constitution and the ! fundamental law, which binds together the people or morally debased, or politically distorted, as it may oe ; the Jaw ot personal feeling, bigotry, prejudice, ignorance, destructiveness ; anything, for the time being, which fanaticism may dictate or selfishness suggest. To inculcate and urge the supremacy of the one these laws is to contemn, and despise, and overthrew, and trample upon the other. There will never be wanting Old Browns to execute, so long as I there are S awards to promulgate the 'irrepressible ( conflict' of tha bighor law w'th any of tho institu tions ot the country. Virginia correspondent of Boston courier. We have no doubt that very many of the leaders of the republican party "will be implicated by the publication of the eorresp mdene3 that has been re covered. Should the Grand Jury, upon the examina tion of these letters, rolls of liberty,' &c.,finda g true bill against such men as Gerrit Smith, Gid-dings, Garrin, &e., and the requisition by the Executive of Virginia be refused, a serious question will bo presented, not only to the people of Virginia, but of theentire Seuth. Such refusal we do not desire to- anticipate. The evils it would entail involve the permanency of the Union.' - ; ";, The Southern people have heretofore disregarded the ravings of Northern fanatics, because they believed such madness to be merely a pecuniary speculation ; but the amount of money with which these wretches at Harper's Ferry were supplied, shows that the Northern fanatics mean more than words, and are determined to wage with men and money the irrepressible conflict ' to the bitter end. Another fact, showing the amount of money at the disposal of these wretches, is found in a Baltimore paper, that large purchases of percussion caps, with orders for more from New York, were made last week in that city. Whence came this money ? This question, perhaps, will never be answered, but the fact that a large sum of money was at the disposal of these wretches, is beyond doubt. Who supplied the money will never be ascertained, but the extent of hatred to the South may be somewhat measured by tins pecuniary fact. Richmond Jumpurer. We are greatly mistaken if this diabolical 6cheme, contrary to the expectation of the wretches who formed it, do not unmask and lay bare to the detestation of the whole country the true character of the agi tation that has so long been kept up on this subject, ana we snan oe sua more mistaken it it do not give a blow to abolition in tte Northern and Western States from which it will not soon recover. If this plot had temporarily succeeded, and recruits to the insurgents had reached ten or fifteen thousand, what a wrarlwinu would have swept over the country! God only knows where it would have stopped. What do we not owe to that Providence that has thus thwarted the designs of evil men on the very threshold of their dark doings ! ' jVetc Orleans Bulletin. One step towards this, and now the most obvious .step, is the prompt punishment of all the malignant and fanatical agents engaged in any degree in the Harper's Ferry disturbances, and we are in some sort disappointed because the telegraph has not yet informed us of tfie result. It Jiay be that the bayonet and the ball have anticipated the work of the gallows, as to some of the chief agents. For the surviving prisoners, however, there is but one plea for delay or intermission beyond the time required to rig up a hanging-post or tie a rope. The delay icill only jusi by the probability of obtaining a full and complele information concerning the age, origin, ex- , , oh cct and resourcfS 0r ae fiendish consnirarv. iThe telegraphic advice we this day give obtained reat CSieil!?e iil inform our readers that the surviving prisoners have, to some degree, made the revelations which alone could demand any postpone ment oi punishment. vnarltston Courier. n?" Brown and his followers, according to the telegraph, richly deserved their fate. We hardly know whether to brand the old fellow as fool or knave. He appears to have been a good deal -of I . . . V. W.. - ,, vts cm It to -r wr both. Some papers say he is crazy. The dispatches in to-day's paper indicate that there was a general insurrectionary organization of which the Harper's Ferry affair was but the beginning. We trust it will be thoroughly exposed, and the leaders in it brought to juntice. We are glad to see the President and Secretary of War already moving iu the matter. Springfield Journal. CS" Will not this sad affair, with it bloody catastrophe, and its distorted features of blind fanaticism and reckles- treachery, have the effect of bringing the conservative aud more moderate portion of the Republican party of the North to their senses ? Will they suffer themselves any longer to be considered as in alliance with such a set of godless agitators and traitors as those ? We are rather inclined to think that this Harper's Ferry failure will strengthen and consolidate the national sentiment of the country, and weaken sectionalism. Frederick (MJ.) Herald. 1. here was a time' union, anu jiuieeis iiicm in I A n i. . . . i t- . . ... . . . . II . . . t . it. . Ivania farmer, and ( tie'r. t'Z" ana persons and property. The higher lovinr pirizpn : Iaw ,s Cne law ot every man s mind, unenliirntened, Count ryine a are all Mankind. NO YE ME EH 11, "W-S-JDELL PHILLIPS AT BROOKLYN". The characteristic address delivered by Mr. Wen-!' aeii i-niuips at urookiyn, sew lorx, on luesday evening, will hardly take any one here by surprise. Our people have long been familiar with the reckless invocations of passion and crime which he has so lor.g been accustomed to utter, and with his vi-lent attacks upon all social order, at whichever! the consummate elquence of the speaker cannot prevent the listener from shuddering. Oar people have long been known to detest tho course of Mr. Phillips, and they long since learned to estimate correctly the real amount of the inauence exerted by him. In most cases, therefore, it makes very little "difference what he does or docs not say, for the pwple at large have little interest in inquiring his views upon any given subject, other than a feeling of curiosity as to the light in which it may ba represented by his distorted fancy. Bat the real weight and tendency of the course of Mr. Phillips, as ii public man, ia subject to which we shall take occasion to recur at some future time, simply expressing at present our most earnest abhorrence of the tenor and scope of his harangues. At the South, however, it is now to bo observed that men do not estimate so correctly the real importance of the wild declamations of Mr. Phillips. They have always attached to him an importance a hundred-fold greater than he would claim for himself, and, with their minds excited by tho attempt at a practical enforcement of his ferocious doctrines at Harper's Ferry, many may be disposed to listen favorably to those who would now fain represent him as expressing the views of a considerable portion of the Northern people. The better sense of the majority, however, must soon show them that such extraordinary performances as that of which we print a reprt in another olamn, have little to do with the real public opinion of the North. Oar people listen with delight to the persuasive oratory of the speaker, and are charmed by the exquisite finish ot his work, but they detest his doctrines and repudiate his counsel ; his principles are abhorrent to their mjral sense, and his unsparing denunciation and scorn even of the honored dead shock their dearest associations. Like Mr. Corwin, who heard Mr. Phillips at Brooklyn, they listen with interest; but with the speaker's sentiments they have as little sympathy as is shown in the speech which Mr. Corwin himself made in Brooklyn on the next night. Boston Daily Advertiser. ' 11a i, afij. all, what Is their guilt compared, for instance, with that of Wendell Phillips, to whom no injustice could be done by presuming that he favored Brown's projected enterprise, and only now laments his ill-success? How he will mouth about him at the first opportunity which occurs, after tho whole sal scene is over ! What a martyr, what a hero, what a 'saint, (of tho Beechcr Jndepcn-i dent order of saintly men, who propagate charity! with the rifle's muzzle) will he pronounce him toi be! Will not there be solemn ceremonies culled; to celebrate his obsequies ? A funeral oration by ! Phillips himself, perhaps a statue called for, to ; to anticipate that t Horace Mann ? Alas, where j is Phillips now? He is a lawyer the chief abolition orator heart and soul engaged in advocating thevery ! purpose which the brainless idiots at Harper's Ferry j have attempted to put into action. Shall he shrink j from defending at the bar of justice his compatriot, i who has risked his life for tho causo? Brown! needs the services of counsel, the countenance and support of friends. He is compelled to accept such I legal aid as the Court assigns, or be without that assistance which every man needs when on trial fori his life. The occasion is ono of national, of historical interest. Such an opportunity is very unlikely : to occur again soon for Mr. Phillips to place his name on record,as a generous, fearless advocate in a cause, ! for which he professes himself willing to imperil a nation's peace a people's safety perhaps himself to become martyr for a principle, held by him as being a truth, above every truth. How could Mr. Phillips, apparently in professional position, in imputed ability, in devotion to his object in all things the very man for tho occasion, miss such an opportunity? How could they let such a golden chance go by ? Why did not he why did not others like-minded, volunteer? Alas, that it should come to this O, I do fear thee, Claudio, and I quake. Lest thou a feverous life should'st entertain, And six or seven winters more respect Than a perpetual honor darest thou die ? Alarming Condition of the Country Probable Trf-umph of Black Republican. Revolution. The rebellion at Harper's Ferry ; : the public preaching of rank treason, such as Wendell Phil-lips'e Lessons for the Hour," delivered in Henry W ard Beecher'e church with tremendous applause ; the more covert but not less dangerous inculcation of the same principles and acts by Beecher himself in his sermon, which has gained such popularity as to be reproduced in the Independent of , this day ; the open-mouthed, out-spoken endorsement of the treason and the traitors by Senator Wilson, and the course of the leading journals of ' the Republican press which have commented on the bloody business, either by glorying in it, like Phillips, and exalting Old Brown ' to the rank of a demi-god, or by expressing Tegret, not for what has been done, but that it has been done so badly, and that so little success has attended the performance all these are portentous feigns of the times, well calculated to alarm the conservative classes of the community, as clearly indicating the rapid progress of revolutionary piin-ciples in the North the gathering and marshalling ofthunder clouds from the horizon to the zenith, which threaten to explode in a fearful tempest when they meet the dark lowering masses, charged with electricity, coming from the opposite heavens. The fact of such a sermon us Boecher's being received with boundless eclal, and the fact of the address of Phillips being not only tolerated, but applauded to the echo, in the most popular church of 4 the City of Churches,' proclaim more forcibly than volumes of words the danger which is looming up in such formidable dimensions. N. Y. Herald. Z?" In this occurrence we are called upon to notice the legitimate tendency of the black republican teaehings. Ve are told that there is an irreprea-1 sible conflict '. between the North and the South ; that between slavery and freedom a war of extermination is to be fought; that the slaves shall rise against their masters and that they will eventually succeed in their subjugation and destruction. We are told this. It is preached from the pulpit. It is thundered from the stump. It is paraded in column upon column in the journals. Men all over the country believe this. It is the black republican doctrine unblushingly announced. Banstalle Patriot, j Now that it is known that this conspiracy was planned and set on foot by Abolitionists, who designed a bloody crusade against the South, the Christian people of the North should as one man denounce it, and disown all sympathy with the reckless men who embarked their money and influence in such fanatical aad wicked schemes. New York Observer. J. B. 1859 SELECTIONS. TREATMENT OF THB DSAD ATI THE PJZI-SOITERS. Teople of the North ! read the following horrible but voluntary statement made by a correspondent of the Frederick (Maryland) Herald, in regard to the Harper's Ferry tragedy : The dead lay on tho streets, and in the river, and were subjected to every indignity that a wild and madly excited people could heap upon them. Curses were freely uttered against them, and kicks and blows ind'etod upon them. Toe huge mulatto that shot Mr. Turner, was lying in the gutter in front of the arsenal, with" a terrible wound in bis neck, and though dead and gory, vengeance was. unsitisfied, and many, as they ran sticks into his tvonnd. or beat him tcith them, wished that he had a thousand lives, that all of them might be forfeited in expiation and avengement of the foul deed he had committed. Lwmari lay up.m' a rick in tho river, and was made a targ-t for the practice of those who had captured S aarp's rid !s in the fray. S'lot after shot was fired at him, an! when tired of this sport, a man waded out to where he lay, and set him up, in grotesue a.'titu lcs, and finally pushed him off, and he fljated down the stream. His body and that of Thompsin, which was also in the water, were subsequently brought to shore, and were buried, as were all of them, except a few which were taken by some of the physicians. It may be thought that there was craelty and barbarity in this ; but the state of tho public mind ha-.i hen frenzied by the outrages of these men ; and being outlaws, were regarded as foxl for carrion birds, and not as human creatures. '. '. The solemn feelings that pervade most hearts at the eight of death, were not awakened or if awakened, they had been smothered, and all looked upon the grim, grinning and staring corpses as so many wild beasts, justly and righteously slain, as they doubtless had been. . The prisoners were kindly cared for, and though , not surrounded by tho assiduity of friendship, had all. the attention that they really needed or deserved. Their wounds were dressed by skillful Burgeons, and they were made as " comfortable as they could bo under the circumstances. On Wednesday evening they were conveyed to the jail of Jefferson county, under an escort of Marines. Stephens and Brown had to be taken in a wagon, but the negro Green and Cop-pick, being unhurt, walked between a file, of soldiers, followed by hundreds of excited men, ex-' claiming lynch them ;' but Governor Wise, who was standing on the platform of the cars, 6aid : Oh, it would be ciwaraly to do so jjow ; and the crowd fell back, and the prisoners were safely placed on the train. 'Stephens was placed in the bottom of the cars, being unable to sit up. Brown was propped up on a seat with pillows; and Coppick and Green snted in the middle of them ; . the former was evidently mjch frightened, but looked calm, while the latter was the very impersonation of fear. His nerves were twitching, his eyes wild and almost bursting from their sockets, his whole manner indicating the dreadful apprehensions that filled his mind. This fellow was a member of Congress, under the Provisional Government, had been very daring while guarding the Arsenal, and very impudent while in the engine bouse, but when the Marines entered it, be jumped back among the imprisoned, and cried out that he was a prisoner, but Mr. Washington thrust him forward, and informed the besiegers that he was one of the guerrillas, upon which a stab was made at him, but missed him, and he still lives to expiate his guilt on the gallows. CAPT. JOHN BROWN'S MONOMABIl.' The Chicago Press, in noticing the Virginia insurrectionary attempt, thus speaks of Ossawatomie Brown : , . Since the death of his son Frederick, who was shot down at his own door in Kansas by a Missouri mob ten fold more revengeful and bloody than that which now fills Virginia with terror, and 6ince the old man witnessed, on the same occasion, the destruction of the property he had been a life-time in accumulating, he has been a monomaniac. , He had supposed himself to be divinely appointed to free all the American slaves by some violent and decisive movement, the nature of which we do not know that he ever revealed. Often, we are told, during the Kansas disturbances, he would retire to a secluded place at a distance from hie camp, and there (to use his own words) wrestle with the Almighty for hours, to wring from him the aid which he de-; manded for the accomplishment of the work to which bethought hioiself appointed by heavenly favor. His talk for years to his friends and intimates has been of his commission sealed with the blood of the Savior, by which he was directed in the path he was about to follow. He has entertained no doubt that his life was to be prolonged until he could see the shackles stricken off from every slave in the land ; nor has he had a doubt that, by his agency, as the instrument of Gjd, specially entrusted with the work, every bondman was to be freed. This delusion has been regarded as harmless, and since be passed out of public view, it has, we suppose, been forgotten even by his friends. That he has acted upon the murderous impulse which the violation of his own household roused within him that his mania has overpowered his reason, and forced faim into the commission of a great crime the history " of this Harper's Ferry movement is sufficient proof. "We do not wonder, knowing bim, from the accounts given by others, as well us we do, that he engaged in an enterprise of such criminality and folly. We are only surprised that he could have found any white man out of slavery weak enough to have yielded to his crazy suggestions, and aided him in his hair-brained attempt. He will doubtless be called upon to lay down his life in atonement for his folly ; and though our conviction that he is demented is strengthened by this reeent event, we can but say that death cannot claim him too soon (! !) From the Rochester Democrat and American.' LjBTTES PBOM FREDERICK DOUGLASS. ' Canada West, Oct. 31, 1859. Ma. Editor : I notice that the telegraph makes Mr. Cook (one of the unfortunate insurgents at llarper's Ferry, and now in the hands of the thing calling itself the Government of Virginia, but which in fact is but an organized conspiracy by one party of the people against the other and weaker,) denounce me as a coward and to assert that I promised to be present at the llarper's Ferry Insurrection. This is certainly a very grave impeachment, whether viewed in its bearings upon friends or upon fees, and you will not think it strange that I should take a somewhat serious notice of it. Having no acquaintance whatever with Mr. Cook, and never having exchanged a word with him about the Harper's Ferry insurrection, 1 am induced to doubt that he could have used the language concerning me which,' the wires attribute to him. The lightning, when speaking for itself, is among tho most direct, relia YERRINTON & SON, Printers. WHOLE NUMBER, 1506. ble and truthful of things; but when speaking for the terror-stricken slaveholders at Harper's Ferry, it has been made the swiftest of liars. Under their nimble and trembling fingers, it magnified seventeen men into seven hundred and has since filled the columns of the New York Herald for davs with in- i terminable contradictious. But, assuming that it has told only the simplo truth, as to the saying of Mr. Cook in this instance, I hae this answer to mako to my accuser : Mr. Cook may be perfectly right in denouncing me as a coward. I have . not one word to say in defeneo or vindication of my char.icter fvr courage. I have always been more distinguished for running than fighting and, tried j by the llarper's Ferry insurrection test, I am most miserably deficient in courage even more so than Cook, when lie deserted his old brave captain, and fled to the mountains. To this extent Mr. Cook is entirely right, and will meet no contradiction from rao or from anybody else. But wholly, grievously, and most unaccountably wrong is Mr. Cook, when he asserts that I promised to bo present in person at the Harper '8 Ferry insurrection. Of whatever . other imprudence and indiscretion I may have been guilty, I have never made a promise so rash and wild as this. The taking of llarper's Ferry was a measure never encouraged by lay word or by my vote, at any time or place ; my wisdom or lay cowardice has not only kept me from Harper's Ferry, but has equally kept me. from making any Eromise to go there. I desire to bo quite emphatie ere for of all guilty men, he is tho guiltiest who lures his fellow-men to an undertaking of this sort, under promise of assistance, which he afterwards fails to render. I therefore declare that there is no man living, and no man dead, who if living, could truthfully say that I ever promised him or anybody else, cither conditionally or otherwise, that I would lie present in person at tho Harper's Ferry insurrection. My field of labor for the abolition of slavery has not extended to an attack upon the United States arsenal. In tho tooth of the documents already published, and of those which, hereafter may be published, I affirm no man conneoted with that insurrection, from its noble and heroic leader down, can connect my name with a single broken promise of any sort whatever. So much I deem it proper to say negatively. ; Tho time for a full statement of what I know, and of all I know, of this desperate but sublimely disinterested effort to emancipate the slaves of Maryland and Virginia, from their cruel taskmasters, has not yet come, and may never come. In the denial which I havo now made, my motive is more a respectful consideration for the opinions of the slave's friends, than from my fear of being made an accomplice in the general conspiracy against Slavery. I am ever ready to write, speak, publish, organize, combine, and even to conspire against Slavery, when there is a reasonable hpe for success. Men who live by robbing their fellow-men of their labor and liberty, have forfeited thoir right to know anything of the thoughts, feelings, or purposes of those whom they rob and plunder. They have by the single act of slaveholding voluntarily placed themselves beyond the laws of justice and honor, and have become only fitted for companionship with thieves and pirates the common enemies of God and of all mankind. While it shall be considered right to protect oneself against thieves, burglars, robbers and assassins, and to slay a wild beast in the act of devouring his human prey, it can never be wrong for the iuibrutrd and whip-scarred slaves, or their friends, to hunt, harass and even strike down tho traffickers in human flesh. If anybody is disposed to think less of me on account of this sentiment ; or because I may have had a knowledge of what was about to occur, and did not assume the base and detestable character of an informer, he is a man whose good or bad opinion of me may be equally repugnant and despicable. Entertaining this sentiment, I may be asked, why I did not join John Brown the noble old hero whose one right hand has shaken the foundation of the American Union, and whose ghost will haunt the bed-chambers of all the born and unborn slaveholders of Virginia through all their generations,, filling them with alarm and consternation ! My answer to this has already been given, at least, impliedly given ; The tools to those that can use them.' Let every man work for the abolition of Slavery in his own way. ' I would help all, and hinder none. - My position in regard to the Harper's Ferry insurrection may be easily inferred from those remarks, and I shall be glad ii those papers which have spoken of me in connection with it would find room for this brief statement. - I have no apology for keeping out of the way of those gentlemanly United State? Marshals, who are said to have paid Rochester a somewhat protracted visit lately, with a view to an interview with roe. A government recognizing the validity of the Dred Scott decision, at such a time as this, is not likely to have any very charitable feelings towards me; and if I am to meet its representatives, I prefer to do so, at least, upon equal terms. - If I have committed any offence against Society, I have done so on the soil of the State of New York, and I should be perfectly willing there to be arraigned before an impartial jury : but I have quite insuperable objections t being caught by the hands of Mr. Buchanan, and bagged ' by Gov.' Wise. For this appears to be the arrangement. : Buchanan does the fighting and hunting, and Wise 4 bags ', the game. Some reflections may be made upon my leaving on a tour to Enzland. just at this time. I have only j to say, that my going to that country has been rath er delayed than hastened by the insurrection at liar- Eer's Ferry. All knew that I had intended to leave ere in the first week of November. FREDERICK DOUGLASS. CFThe lion. C. L. Vallandigham, Democratic member of Congress from Ohio, who was one of Senator Mason's inquisitorial party to draw from Cspt. Brown all the secrets pertaining to his pprULng, concludes a letter on the subject in the following strain t Here was folly and madness. He believed and acted upon the faith which for twenty years has been so persistently taught in every form throughout the Free States, and which is but another mode of the statement of the doctrine of the irrepressible conflict ' that slavery and the three hundred and seventy thousand slaveholders of thcSouth are only tolerated, and that the millions of slaves and noD-fclavebolding white men are ready and willing to rise against the oligarchy needing only a leader and deliverer. The conspiracy was the natural and necessary consequence or the doctrine proclaimed every day, year in and year out, by the apostlea of Abolition. But Brown was sincere, earnest, practical ; he proposed no mild works in his faith, reckless of murder, treason, and every other crime. This was his madness and folly. lie perished justly andV miserably an insurgent and a felon ; but f nil tier than be, and with his blood upon their eads, are the false and cowardly prophets and teachers of Abolition. : This Yallandicham im manifestly as mean and yen-. omous a creature as ever yet crawled in the presence.' and performed the dirty work of the bonthern alaya. ocracy.
What members have found on this page
Get access to Newspapers.com
- The largest online newspaper archive
- 19,600+ newspapers from the 1700s–2000s
- Millions of additional pages added every month