The Times and Democrat from Orangeburg, South Carolina on February 12, 1968 · 1
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The Times and Democrat from Orangeburg, South Carolina · 1

Orangeburg, South Carolina
Issue Date:
Monday, February 12, 1968
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TOPAY'S THOUGHT And Elijah came near to all the people, and said, "How long will you go limping with two different opinions? If the Lord is God, follow him; but if Baal, then follow him." And the people did not answer him a word. I Kings 18:21. VOL 111-NO. 43 mti lira I County, City Leaders Knew Nothing Of Agitation Here By JOYCE W. MILKIE Of The Times and Democrat The concensus of opinion of members of the Orangeburg County Legislative Delegation Sunday was that they had known nothing whatever of the alleged build up of Black Power on the South Carolina State College campus prior to last week's events which shook this city. Sen. Marshal Williams said that he was never made aware of the fact that any problem was arising on the campus Rep. Jerry Hughes said, "I was not aware of this. I had no idea of such a thing out there." Asked if he had known of any problems of this nature, Rep. Fred Connor Jr. said emphati-cally, "No, ma'am!" Rep. Hall Yarborough said ruefully, "I sure wasn't!" when asked if he had been aware of any militant persons on the campus. Rep. Lewis Shuler said that he, also, had known nothing of this. Each member of the delegation said he had not been contacted by any city or state au-. thority pr informed of the situation in any way. Sen Williams . said that the-first he had known of the beginning of the confrontation in Orangeburg this past week, was when he read it in the newspaper in Columbia. Rep Hughes said he had not been contacted by officials in any way, but said, as did the other members of the delegation, that probably the city officials felt it was a city matter, and the delegation has no authority within the city. "Also," said Sen. Williams, "this has been dealt with in conjunction with the governor's office. The delegation is not a part of the city and we have no police authority. "I know that the delegation has not been informed or consulted, so I know only what I have gone out of my way to find out and what I have been told by people who don't know much more than I do." The legislators hesitated to comment on the present situation, because they felt they did not have sufficient background information. Rep. Lewis Shuler of Bow man said he felt it was a very unfortunate happening. . "However," he said, "I think It has been handled in a man-ner that couldn't be criticized. The trouble started from the other side, as I understand it, Average Citizens Give Comments PAGE THREE A.M. E. Church Leader Comments PAGE THREE The churches of Orangeburg exercised their great influence in the community on Sunday morning by preaching restraint, concern, the necessity for being doers of the Word, "not Just hearers" and the need for Christian love around the world, not only in their home community. Expressing their desire to have their congregations fulfill their duties as good citizens and Christians, several clergymen of both races said they hoped that all their members would practice restraint. The Rev. Lester Branham, pastor of the First Baptist Allen-Scott And David Lawronco Report On Dlack Militants' Plans, Riot Control and the shooting occurred in self defense." Shuler said that so far as he knew, there was nothing in the works to solve further prob lems of this kind. Each of the legislators said they had had no meeting since the blow-up last Monday and so had no comments to make on any legislation or other means of solving these problems. Sen. Williams said that the only analysis he could give at present was that it was a most unsettled thing, "and thaf s about the only answer I can give." Rep. Hughes said he believes it was a city problem and he would prefer not to comment on the situation now, "for the reason that I feel it will Just further agitate things." Hughes intimated his name is "poison on the State College campus," and anything he might say would only stir things up, "and I certainly don't want to do that." Rep. Connor said he felt the situation to be "very serious, . but although I am afraid there may be more trouble, I surely hope not." The legislators noted that a ' very sizable sum of-money was " in the process of being appropriated for new buildings and additional operating expenses on the State College campus. It has not yet reached the Senate, but whether or not the recent uproar on the campus will make the legislature hesitate on this appropriation, the members of the delegation did not say. Yarborough said that all he knew of the situation was what he read in The Times and Democrat, but he hoped that they the legislators could (See A On Page 3) Melee Victim , To Be Buried This Afternoon It was announced Sunday that funeral services for Delano Herman Middleton, 17, a student at Wilkinson High School, who was killed in the melee Thursday night at South Ca -rollna State College, would be held Monday at 3:30 p.m. ,at the Waring Chapel Baptist Church approximately one-half mile from the Orangeburg City limits on Highway 301 North. The body will be placed in the church at 1 p.m. The Rev. C.C. Wright of Holly Hill will conduct the services with Internment to follow In the church cemetery. Middleton Is survived by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Middleton Jr.; two- brothers, C. J. and Leonard Bernard Middleton of the home; two sis ters, Miss Louella Middleton ol Orangeburg and Mrs. Johnny (See B On Page 3) Orangeburg Churches Preach Restraint And Love Church, said he referred directly to the disturbances this past week and the problems that have arisen to face the community. He said he preached on the ministry of Christ as being one of reconciliation and redemption. The need to trans-lata spiritual things into post tive action in the community was stressed, and he said he tried to emphasize this by using Christ's reference to light and salt in the New Testament. "Light is needed," he said, "but before we can redeem the world, we first have to live it." "We must also enourage people," said Mr. Branham, "to AT SOUTH CAROLINA'S CROSSROADS OF AGRICULTURAL ORANGEBURG, S.C. 29115 HWs I 1 V V 1 L r . y WpC J Q HUDDLE-State and Orangeburg NAACP officials huddle to exchange views before a news conference in the city Sunday in which they announced plans for a boycott of white Orangeburg businesses until a list of objectives is met. From left, Dr. Roland Haynes; Al Holman, state official; I.D. Newman, state field director; and C.H. Thomas of Orangeburg. Men Only Downtown After 5; Businesses Hurt; Mayor, Merchants' Head Comment The downtown sections of the City of Orangeburg belong to men only after 5 o'clock each day as a result of the state of emergency declaration and curfew imposed by South Carolina Gov. Robert E. McNair. The only people in sight on Russell St. near the Memorial Plaza Sunday afternoon at 5:30 were a city policeman, a lone news cameraman with his camera making a slow pan down the deserted streets, Highway Patrolmen and National Guard troops. Local churches canceled their evening services in compliance with the curfew order. The extension of the state of emergency declaration to the entire county affected several bust -nesses In the Immediate area surrounding the city, principal-ly two drive-in theaters. Mrs. B.L. Watklns Jr., manager of the Bon-Air Drive-In theater on the Ninety-Six Road, I yiN. L.:..- w . - ... " . NATIONAL GUARDSMEN ON SUNDAY DUTY leave the keeping of law and order to those who are responsible for it and who are trained for it. We must use our per-sonal influence as Christians to try to work out a peaceful and permanent solution to these problems." The Rev. E. Armand Shealy of the Orangeburg Lutheran Church said he used the Gospel of the Laborers in the Vine-yard, stressing the fact that we are all workers in the Lord's vineyard, but somehow we have not done enough and we need to do more to bring the reconciling love of Christ, not only to our community, but to the (See Page 2) MONDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1968 I CM go (I (o " . . . said, "Most of our business is weekend business and this really hurt. Anyway our business comas after 5 and having to close is not going to pay our bills. They keep coming in and we've got to pay them somehow." The manager of the Orangeburg Drive-In on the Rowes -ville Road, Mrs. Florence Tarl-ton, said the closing at 5 p.m. would hurt. "But," she said, "with the circumstances the way they are, with people afraid to go out after dark, I don't think we'd have done anything even if the state of emergency hadn't been extended to the county." A check with the other towns in the county revealed that life was continuing at a normal pace despite the state of emergency extension. Evening church services were being held In the outlying towns of the county and police officers reported all whole world. "The scars we bear," he said, "are indicative of the need of Christ to bring the impact of God's love on all of our activi-ties. We must bring this into all facets of our lives ... our Jobs, our homes, our club meetings and in every relationship. "We deplore violence in any form and we believe in the rights and dignity of all men made of God." ; At Antioch Baptist Church of Bowman on Sunday the Rev. Jack DeLong Dash spoke of the situation of last week to his congregation. Since this past Sunday was Race Relations Viet Cong Reportedly Execute 300 And Bury In A Mass Grave AND INDUSTRIAL PROSPERITY v. "r I. n was quiet ' with "hardly any ' comments being made one way or the other by anyone," ac cording to Bowman Police Chief M.L. Smith. Several Orangeburg businessmen have estimated that they have lost some 50 per cent of their normal business since the curfew was imposed Friday afternoon. The reaction of business leaders and city officials to the announced plans for a boycott of white businesses in Orange burg was guarded. Mayor E.O. Pendarvls said there was a possibility t h e five-member City Council would call a special meeting. Luther Adden, chairman of the Retail Merchants Burea of the Greater Orangeburg Chamber of Commerce, said: "If s a terrible situation that has developed. They want things worked out Immediately but It's going to take time. I feel a lot of progress can be made." NEAR COLLEGES Week, the program was geared to this, and the Rev. Dash spoke to the members of his church in terms of trying to bridge the gap and establish better relations, in the spirit of the Lord. "It did seem a little ironic," he admitted, "that this happened Just at this time." The question came to mind, he said, as to what should be the Christian attitude and the Christian role in these tlmes.l. "We concluded that we could only follow the admonition, 'Blessed are the peacemakers,"' Mr. Dash said, "violence Is not the answer. We must move 10 CENTS Mb QDtf(M U Broad Program Planned; Police Brutality Charged By DON MCKEE Associated Press Writer Eight hundred Orangeburg Negroes called Sunday for the Immediate removal of National Guard troops from the city and made plans for a boycott of white businesses. Reacting to last week's racial violence that left three dead and some 50 persons injured, the Negroes met Sunday and voted overwhelming approval of a broad civil rights campaign. Represented at the meeting was a cross section of the city's Negro com .Ti unity. A statement adopted at the meeting also called for "immediate suspension of the law enforcement officers re-sposlble for the police brutality" In the Thursday night incident that resulted in the three deaths. Following the Negro meeting a dusk-to-dawn curfew went into effect at 5 p.m. Sunday for the third straight night. More than COO National guardsmen resumed patrols. The Rev. I. D'Quincey New-man, South Carolina field director for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, said the boycott would begin at once. "We will pursue the Implementation of this program immediately with no nonsense," he said. Reaction of business leaders and city officials was guarded. Mayor E. O. Pendarvis said there was a possibility the five-member City Council would call a special meeting. Luther Adden, chairman of the Retail Merchants Bureau of the Orangeburg Chamber of Commerce, said: "It's a terri-ble situation that has developed, rhey want tilings worked out immediately but it's going to take time. I feel a lot of progress can be made." Several "declarations" Included In the statement adopted at the meeting were approved last week by the student bodies of the city's two predominantly Negro colleges South Carolina Guard Units Changed; 600 Still In City South Carolina National Guard units maintained their 24-hour alert in the city Sunday. Three units were relieved of their duties and returned to their home armories. Those units relieved, according to Captain William T. Hed-gepath, Public Information Of-fleer for the Guardsmen units, were Co. B, 122nd Engineer Btn., Barnwell; Headquarters Co., 122nd Engineer Btn., Edgefield; and the 1051st Transportation Co. of Bamberg. The companies were relieved of their duties and "returned to their homes and businesses," (See D On Page 3) toward a better relationship a-mong all people." He was pleased, he said, to note that the authorities have put forth some effort to. "remove the evil that caused most of the trouble. The bowling alley is a public menance, and I am happy that the authorities are taking steps." sin the absence of Father Clement Tackney, Mass . was said on Sunday by Father John Jerlinski at Holy Trinity Catholic Church in Orangeburg. Prayers were said for racial Justice and harmony, but no direct reference wM made in the (See C On Page 3) (See Page 12) THE WEATHER SOUTH CAROLINA: Fair to partly cloudy and cold Monday. Highs Monday 35 to 45 Inland and 40s along the coast. Tuesday increasing cloudiness and continued cold with chance of occasional rain south portion. DAILY, 15 CENTS SUNDAY State College and church-supported Claflin College. The State College campus was the scene of Thursday night's violence. The lengthy, wide ranging statement called for the state to make adequate restitution to families of the three dead and the 50 Injured. No deadline was set for the boycott, which Is to continue until action is taken to comply with a list of objectives. The list includes: placing Negroes in appointive county and city Jobs; adding "an equitable number of Negroes" to local and state police forces; and elimination of the Orangeburg County dual school system together with full integration and the bussing of pupils for racial balance. "We call upon the total Negro community and other Interested citizens to participate in a no-buying quarantine with shopping to be confined to Negro businesses," the statement said. Dr. C. II. Thomas Jr., local NAACP president, said Negroes comprise 62.9 per cent of the population of Orangeburg County and their buying power in the city of 17,000 total population is between 60 and 70 per cent. One of the "objectives of the eampttgifalM will be desegregation of the city's only bowling alley. Efforts to integrate the facility led to the student demonstrations and the violence last week. The U.S. Justice Department has filed suit demanding desegregation of the All Star Triangle Bowl and an eating establishment In it. A hearing on the suit is expected this week In Columbia. Meanwhile, it was announced that classes at South Carolina State College had been suspended indefinitely. The college president, M. Nance Jr., said Sunday that only administrative personnel and staff would report Monday. The nightly curfew has been in effect since Friday by order of Gov. Robert McNair. The governor declared a state of emergency and the curfew after the Thursday night outburst of wild student demonstrations and reported sniper fire climaxed with state patrolmen shooting at a crowd of students. Two college students and a high school pupil were killed and 37 other persons were injured. Demonstrations were begun by Negroes Monday night in an attempt to desegregate the city's only bowling alley. An inquest will be conducted to investigate the killings, said Coroner Joe A. Dickey. He said a date had not been set, but tho inquest probably would be within the next 10 days. "An inquest is considered a preliminary investigation to make a record of all the facts possible," he said. Dickey said he had examined the bodies of Samuel Hammond, 18, of Ft. Lauderdale, Fla.; Henry Smith, 18, of Marion, S. C, and Delano Middleton, 17, an Orangeburg high school pupil. Hammond and Smith were students at South Carolina State. The coroner declined to describe the wounds. It was learned from morticians at Orangeburg and Marion, where Smith's body was taken, that Middleton was shot in the chest, Smith in the right side of the body and left side of the neck and Hammond in the back. The funeral for Middleton was set for 3:30 p.m. Monday In Orangeburg. Smith's funeral will be at 3:30 p.m. Tuesday in Marlon. Hammond's body was shipped to Ft. Lauderdale Sunday. State authorities said a Ku Klux Klan rally that had been scheduled near Orangeburg Sunday would not be conducted.

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