THE GUARDIAN, FEBRUARY 20, 1895. 275 have devoted many offerings of design and colour. The screen is the gift of a well-known London barrister, who has from time to time added to the memorial aisle, which was built in memory of the late Rev. F. Field Richards, who was associated in the early days of the Mission with the founder of the parish church, the late Rev. J. Pope Vibert, in whose memory a handsome mural brass adorns the chancel arch. In the " In Memoriam " of the Rev. R. M. Norman, which appeared in our last week's issue (p. 263), "bright, hearty, simple sermons" read "services," and for "Duchess of Portland" read Duchess of Rutland. The Rev. Markland Barnard, M.A., who was for sixty-seven years vicaf of St. Peter Colney, Herts, died at Galley Dean, near Chelmsford, the residence of his son, on Friday, at an advanced age. An exhibitioner of Trinity College, Cambridge, he graduated in 1826, and the same year was ordained both deacon and priest and presented to the vicarage of St. Peter Colney by the Countess of Caledon. Six years later he was appointed vicar of Ridge. He was domestic chaplain to the Earls of Caledon, and from 1863 to 1892 was Rural Dean of Barnet, The Rev. John Barton, M.A., vicar of Rainhill, Lancashire, died on Monday week, at the age of sixty-seven. Graduating at Corpus, Cambridge, in 1853, he was ordained the same year to the curacy of Ramsbury, Wilts; from 1856 to 1869 he was curate of Rivenhall, Essex; from 1869 to 1871 curate of Hurstpierpoint, and from 1871 to 1874 curate of Sevenoaks,andin the latter year was appointed vicar of Rainhill. The Rev. Thomas Briscoe, B.B., vicar of Holyhead, and Chancellor of Bangor Cathedral, died on Saturday in his eighty-fourth year. He was educated at Jesus College, Oxford, graduating First Class in Classics in 1833, and held a Fellowship of his college from 1834 to 1859, and was also a former vice- principal. He became vicar of Holyhead in 1857, and Chancellor of Bangor Cathedral in 1877; from 1880 to 1885 was Proctor in Convocation for the Dean and Chapter of Bangor. Dr. Briscoe was an accomplished linguist, and translated portions of the Old Testament and the whole of the Now Testament into Welsh. The Rev. 8. L. Astley Cooper, M.A., late rector of Croxton, and vicar of Eltisley, Cambridgeshire, who died yesterday week at Fen Drayton House, St. Ives, Hunts, at the age of sixty-eight, was second son of Sir Astley Paston-Cooper. He was educated at Charterhouse and at Brasenose College, Oxford, where he graduated in 1849. He was ordained in 1850, and was curate of Gilling, Yorkshire, from 1856 to 1862; of Padbury and Hillesden, Bucks, from 1862 to 1864; and vicar of Gawcott, Bucks, from 1864 to 1871, being presented in 1870. to the rectory of Croxton, near St. Neots, with the vicarage of Eltisley. He was appointed Rural Dean of Bourne in 1885. Yesterday week Mr. A. Braxton Hicks held an inquest as to the death of the Rev. Gilbert Hughes Bavies, B.A., who was ordained in 1893 to the curacy of St. John's, Battersea, having graduated at Jesus College, Oxford, the same year. Harry Stanhope, schoolmaster at St. John's Schools, said that the deceased had resided with him for the past' twelve months. He had latterly been much depressed on account of the indifferent state of his health. Witness last saw him alive and well about one o'clock on the previous Friday afternoon. Deceased then said he did not know what he should do, as his head was so bad. Witness subsequently went out, and did not return until 4.30. Shortly afterwards he heard a shout, followed by a heavy fall, and rushed upstairs, where he found the deceased lying on his back on the floor, writhing in strong convulsions. Witness asked him what was tho matter, but he could not speak until the convulsions had subsided, and he then asked witness to send for a doctor, which was done. Br. L. S. M'Mamis said that when he arrived at the house he found Mr. Davies in agony. He stated that he had taken rat poison. For a time deceased rallied, and an effort was made to apply the stomach-pump, but before anything could be done he was again convulsed and died, death being the result of poisoning by strychnine, of which rats' poison was composed. In answer to the coroner, the witness stated that some months ago Mr. Davies consulted him for varicose veins, for which he was operated upon at the Bolingbroke Hospital. Last month he wrote to him saying ho feared the varicocele was returning on the right side, and that the enlarged veins would permanently ruin his health. The jury returned a verdict of ' Suicide while temporarily insane." The death is announced of the Rev. Stephen Henry Gaisford' M.A., who Bix months ago resigned the rectory of Cowthorpe. Wetherby, and went to reside at Ul verston. Deceased, who had lived in the neighbourhood of Wetherby for almost half-a- contury, was seventy-six years of age. He graduated at Trinity College, Dublin, in 1839, and gained a second-class Div. Test, in 1843. He was ordained tb" next year to the curacy of Saxton, and subsequently held curacies at South Milford, 184(5-9; Bramham, 1849-52; Gayton, 1852-3; Kirk-Deighton, 18.v3-61; and was vicar of Clifford from 1861 to 1881, when he was appointed to the rectory of Cowthorpe. A fortnight ago we recorded the death of tho Rev. George Maddison, who belonged to an ancient family of that name, being of direct lineal descent from the Maddysons, of Ellergel, in the county Palatine of Durham, A.D. 1100. Till recently he was Archdeacon of Ludlow, and formerly rector of Richards Castle, Herefordshire, and vicar of Grantham 1856-74, where his body was brought for interment, in accordance with his special wish and direction. Speaking of his work in that town, where he built four large new schools, the Grantham Journal says that his first care was to provide adequate school accommodation for tho children of the parish, even before he set about restoring tho church. " We know how well and successfully ho carried out his resolve, what admirable buildings he erected,' how thoroughly ho safeguarded the voluntary school system by his energetic-action, and, therefore, to what a great extent we are indebted to him for lightening the burden of to-day, and leaving us, as it were, the comparatively easy task of adding tho finishing touches to the splendid educational scheme which he did so much to promote. At a time liko the present, when school matters are particularly active, we ought to be especially able to estimate at something like their true value the achievements in school building which must be inseparably linked with the name of the Rev. George Maddison. His other magnificent work—the restoration of the parish church"—(which cost between 20.000J. and 30,000?., and was carried out by Sir Gilbert Scott)—" will also remain a mighty monument of his marvellous influence, no less than of his zeal, for the honour of God's house. What we are compelled to admiro, and to feel grateful for, is the extremely judicious, careful, and harmonious way in which the restoration was effected, the reverent regard for the past history of this stately pile, with all its rich associations and traditions, and tho completeness with which, in almost every detail, it was once more brought into a condition of 'beauteous order/ .... In addition to his services to the ratepayers on the Little Gonorby Local Board, and in other public capacities, for which as a clear-sighted man of business he was eminently fitted, Mr. Maddison for many years acted as chairman of the Burial Board, and was largely interested in the opening of the cemetery—an event which occurred in 1857. Speaking on that occasion, he expressed his thankfulness that Grantham and its hamlets would henceforth havo, as it wore, f one family grave. . . . . Possibly, one secret of the yicar s exceeding popularity amongst all classes lay in the fact that he was essentially a man of peace—one whose happy lot it was to overcome difficulties and heal dissensions, and to bring men together in perfect amity and good fellowship, by the iorce of his own genial courtesy, his generous consideration for the opinions of others, and manifest kindness of heart. In these and in many other respects Archdeacon Maddison has left a name that will not perish in the dust.' It is a pleasure to know that his latter end was so tranquil. A beautiful old age, with an almost entire freedom from suffering, a/nfd then a peaceful entrance into rest—this formed the closing chapter of his long and useful life." The funeral was attended hy the mayor and corporation of Grantham, and the deceased was interred in the same grave in the cemetery wherein his wife was buried. The death of the Rev. J. C. W. Rogers, B.A,, rector of Great Blakenham, occurred suddenly last Saturday week from heart affection, in his sixty-ninth year. He graduated at Exeter College, Oxford, in 1848, and was ordained the following year to the curacy of Tunstall, Staffordshire, and subsequently served curacies at Motcombe, Dorset, 1851-8; Stower-Provost, 1868-74; Dilton-March, Wilts, 1874-5; Timberscombe, Somerset, 1875-6: Balstonborough, 1876-7, being appointed rector of Great Blakenham in the latter year. The Rev. B. Morton Sykes, vicar of North Leverton, Lincoln, who died yesterday week, was (says the Yorkshire Post) a member of an old Yorkshire family. His father served xmder Nelson, and afterwards entered the Congregational ministry and officiated for many years at Hornsea. JJeceased was for Bome time a Wesleyan missionary in India, but on his return home entered the Church of England, being ordained from St. Aidan's, in 1873, to the curacy of St. Michael's, Manchester. He subsequently held curacies at Church, Lancashire, 1875-7; at St. Clement's, Spotlahd, Rochdale, 1877-89; and at St. Mark's, Heyside, 1889-92, and in the latter yeat^as presented by the Bishop of Manchester to the living of North Leverton. " His kindness of heart and geniality of disposition endeared him to his friends and parishioners. Of late years his health had been indifferent, and a fortnight ago he was seized in church with a severe illness, from which he never recovered." Tho Rev. Evelyn Gisborne Hodgson, vicar of New Mill, died on Friday night, after a few minutes of unconsciousness, but in intense pain, from his known malady, heart complaint. The links in his active life (writes a correspondent) can be studied from the official record. Of Exeter College, Oxford, he was B.A. and S.C.L. in 1870; Denver and Johnson Theological Scholar in 1871; curate of Quernmore, Lanes., 1869-71; diocesan inspector of schools in the diocese of Ripon (which then inoluded the present diocese of Wakefield) 1871-76; diocesan inspector of schools, diocese of Sydney, 1877-78; Vice-Warden of St. Paul's College, Darlington, New South Wales, 1878-85; vicar of Long Wittenham, Berks, 1886-87; at Kirkburton as locum tenens (during the present vicar's illness) for three months from October 15th, 1887; ohaplain of Christ Church, Mentone, in 1888; chaplain at "Venice, 1891-92 ; vicar of New Mill, Huddorsfield, from October 21st, 1893, following the Rev. B. J. Holmes, who had died suddenly in his vestry the previous July. Mr. Hodgson was the youngest of a family of fourteen. His eldest brothefis Canon Hodgson, now Master of Greatham Hospital and formerly vicar of Darlington. All who knew Mr. Evelyn Hodgson can bear testimony to the charm his cultured mind and his good business habits exorcised on all who came in contact with him. His wide circle of acquaintances, beginning from the time of his well-known father's open house in Liverpool, from his sojourn in the Sydney diocese for seven years, and, subsequently, during various chaplaincies held in ; the South of France and at Venice, brought him in touch with almost every person to whom ho spoke. Short as has been his residence in the deanery of Huddersfield, he has made his mark, and will be greatly missed in the numerous organisations into which he threw all his powers of mind and energy. To his personal friends, who loved his bright, kind manner, the remembrance will ever continue that " tho light of immortality is now shining on his face." IN MEMORIAM—GEORGE CRTJDDAS. In the early morning of yesterday week the English Church, especially the diocese of Newcastle, lost one whose vacant place it will be very hard to fill. Then thore passed to his rest a true and conservative Churchman of large means and of still larger heart, truly lamented not only by his family, parishioners, and friends, but throughout the far northern diocese to which he had approved himself HO generous a friend and so wise a counsellor. Born well-nigh sixty-seven yeats ago, George Cruddas was the eldest son of Mr. George Cruddas, one of tho founders of the great Elswick works. One of Canon Cruddas's younger brothers, Mr. W. D. Cruddas, of Haughton Castle, is a prominent member of the firm. George Cruddas was a Crewe Exhibitioner of Lincoln College, Oxford, taking his B.A. degree in 1851 and M.A. in 1854. After seventeen years spent in ministerial work, chiefly in the diocese of York, in 1870 he becamo vicar of Warden and Haydon Bridge, a benefice in his own patronage, and there, after nearly a quarter of century has elapsed, his work and his life have ended. Ho was an instance of a olass of clergy, now unhappily bocoming rare, who devoted not merely his clerical income to Church purposes, but gave largely of his private means. One of his works was to divide his great parish, giving up his title to tho new vicarage of Haydon Bridge. The grand old church of St. Michael at Warden was also thoroughly and carefully restored, a noble chancel being entirely rebuilt at his own cost; and a few years since he erected, asking no one's aid, a commodious Mission churoh at Fourstones. He loved his pastoral work, and while health was spared to him did it with zeal and diligence; as well in the Mission-church and at Nowbrough with his curates as in tho parish churoh. It would be a difficult task to mention any Church work in the diocese of Newcastle where his name would not be found as a liberal subscriber, and one may add that where his honoured name was found, that of Mrs. Cruddas and her daughters was often found also. To all the institutions of this young and struggling diocese, especially to the Bishop of Newcastle's Fund and the Diocesan Society, ho was a wise and liberal friend. It is scarcely necessary to say that such a man did not rest content with his own immediate work and duty in his country parish. He was for many years an active member and vice- chairman of the Hexham Board of Guardians, and his clear judgment made him a valuable member of tho school attendance committee. Ho was appointed an honorary Canon in 1882, and Rural Dean of Hexham, on the resignation of Canon Barker, in 1886. It was a happy selection, for ho ever took the liveliest interest in decanal work, largely developed as it is by the sagacity and energy of the Bishop. His cool and sober judgment could always bo relied upon, and his work was most ungrudgingly bestowed; even in the hour of his weakness, when tho grey shadows were lengthening over his life, in the gloom of last November, he wrote to the writer of this very imperfect notice for a copy of his notes of the Bonwoll Conference, that ho might bo fully prepared for that Chapter whioh he was never permitted to assemble. The clear, quiet utterances that led to sound conclusions, the courtesy, tho kindly and unbounded hospitality are gone, but will not bo soon forgotten. All that was mortal of him was laid to rest on Friday, amid a sorrowing crowd of friends and parishioners. Most notable among the mourners were his seven daughters, two of his three sons, his brothers, and his four sons-in-law; of whom his two sons and throe of hiB Bons-in-law have already earned for themselves positions of , honour among the clergy. And, though our hearts were heavy , as we listened to the hymn " Now tho labourer's task is o'er," yet wo all could join in the hopeful Btrains of the Nunc Dimiitis, And then he was buried in peace, his two present curates taking the remainder of the service, almost under the shadow of the church he loved so well. May he rest in peace. Assuredly his works do follow him. P. R. WELSH DISESTABLISHMENT. A correspondent having drawn the attention of the Archbishop of Canterbury to Lord Rosebery's statement that the Churoh of England was supported by the State, has received the following reply from the Rev. E. L. Ridge, chaplain:-—" In reply to your letter of the 8th inst., I am desired by the Archbishop of Canterbury to say that you are quite right in supposing that the State does not contribute towards the support of the Church. It does not do so now, nor has it ever done BO in the past. I enolose a few leaflets upon this subject which will be of interest to you." One of the leaflets referred to, headed " Where does the Income of the Bishops and Clergy of the Church of England come from? " says:— It comes (1) from tithes; (2) from glebes; (3) from grants by Queen Anne's Bounty Board, by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, by diocesan societies; (4) from special gifts by private persons. Another headed " How are the Clergy Paid? " reads:— You are sometimes told that the clergy are State paid. If this were true, disestablishment and disendowment would mean that the State would take away what it had given. The State would leave off paying the wages of the clergy and would spend its own money in some other way. But the State does not pay tho clergy. Mr. Gladstone has clearly answered this more than once. A meeting was held at Ponrhyn Castle, Bangor, the seat of Lord Penrhyn, on Friday, in connection with the Archbishop of Canterbury s Central Church Committee. The Bishop of Bangor presided, and was supported by the principal clergy and laity of the diocese. About 500 persons wore present. Tho Chairman said they met with the object of putting themselves in line with the great work of organisation which was going on in every diocese throughout the whole of England. The best way in which they could unite their forces was by making each individual a centre of influence to those around him, and by taking an individual part in teaching the people the far-reaching consequences which might befall their country if their beloved Church was disestablished and disendowed. They had one comfort that the great predominant partner, the English Church, was on their side, and would have to be reckoned with. He urged them to fight bravely, show a united front, and one steady rank of valiant soldiers, animated with the impulse of one spirit. If they fell, which God forbid, let them fall valiantly fighting for their ancient heritage, Lord Penrhyn proposed the following resolution :— " That this meeting, in view of the fact that the fate of the Established Church in Wales is now at stake, is convinced of the necessity for prompt and united action, and accordingly havo adopted the scheme of organisa tion for the Church's defence, issued by the Archbishop for that purpose, and pledges itself to do .all in its power to further these instructions by the formation of parochial committees, having for their object the enlightenment of every adult throughout the diocese, as far as possible, on the nature of the attack on the Church, the facts or the Church's history, and the probable consequences of disestablishment and disen dowment." This was seconded by Mr. J. E. Graves, Lord Lieutenant of Car narvonshire, and after being supported by Mr. Mortimer, representing the Archbishop's Central Church Committee, was carried unanimously and with loud applause. . A meeting of the joint executive committees of the Durham diocese for Church defence was held in Bishop Cosin's library yesterday week. The Hon. J. G. P.. Vereker presided, and among those present was the Bishop of the diocese. Reports were read from all the rural deaneries as to the work which had been done during the past month. It was stated that, generally speaking, the work was being pursued most vigorously. Committees have been formed in a large number of parishes, comprising both ladies and gentlemen, for the purpose of house- to-house visitation, and distributing leaflets—especially three written by the Bishop of Durham himself—as well as various other literature. The Hon. Mrs. Vereker, on behalf of the ladies' committee, reported that the Marchioness of Londonderry had caused a large amount of literature to be distributed through the committees in various parishes in the neighbour hood, and, so far as the ladies' committee was concerned, a most satisfactory work was being done. The names of Mrs. Ropner, Mrs. Long, Miss Gray, Miss Boyd, aild Miss Crawhall were added to the central committee in London, the two first-named ladies also being added to the local executive committee. In a letter to the Times, Mr. John Morgan, of tho Aberyst- with Observer (C), recommends Churchmen to follow Mr. Chamberlain's counsel of compromise. The Government (he writes) has but a small majority, and a long programme, BO that good terms could be squeezed out of it, which cannot bo done on a future occasion when the Liberal Government has a large majority. .... The great bulk of the Nonconformists look upon the principles of disestablishment and disendowment rather than upon the details. I also give you my word for it that Churchmen, almost to a man, would be glad to bo disestablished, and many of them are prepared for somo degree of disendowment, whilst some would accept almost any terms so long as they get disestablishment. It must not for a moment be supposed that all Welsh Churchmen are prepared to "die in the last ditch " for tho principle of establishment. In Wales, amongst Churchmen and Nonconformists, tho whole thing resolves itself into a question of terms. .... If we cannot get what we consider to be fair terms—better terms than were given to the Church in Ireland—then let us rely upon tho House of Lords to throw out the Bill, and then trust to Providence. The third political discussion of the winter season at the Constitutional Club, Northumberland-avenue, Was held oh Wednesday evening under the auspices of the political committee, when Mr. A. G. Boscawen, M.P., read a paper on " Welsh Disestablishment." The chair was taken by Mr. J. G. Talbot, M.P., in the unavoidable absenco of Sir Richard Webster, Q.C., M.P. Mr. Boscawen considered it of vital impoi'taneo that all who cared for their Church should use every legitimate means in their power to prevent what could only be regarded as an outpost of the Churoh of England from falling into the hands of the enemy. One reason alleged in favour of the Disestablishment Bill was that disestablishment was nocossary in order to obtain religious equality; but this Bill would certainly create fresh inequalities. As to the assertion that the Church in Wales was not the Church of tho Welsh people, a curious instance of how the two Churches gradually grew tc gether might be given, which, moreover, seemed to Bhow that the Welsh Churoh conquered the English Church rather than the English Church conquered the Wolsh Church—viz., that for some years in the reign of Edward the Confessor the diocese of Hereford was administered by the Welsh Bishop of Llandaff. Tho alien Church argument had, indeed, beon completely exploded, and by nobody moro so than Mr. Gladstone, and they would probably havo heard very little more of it wero it not for tho ignorance of Lord Rosebery, who probably knew nothing about the Church until he studied somo Liborationist pamphlets on his way down to South Wales. Only one fact was really known about the Church in Wales, and that was it was advancing every day and growing in strength. During tho last fifty years the number of clergy had doubled, 3,000,000khad been spent on church building, in the 1,080 parishes of Wales 1,228 churches had boon built or restored. The discussion was continued by Lord Balfour of Burleigh, Canon Browne, Mr. Q, O. Bellewes, the Uev. T. Moore, and others, in tho course of which, the policy of the Government in regard to the Churoh in Wales was fully exposed. I The fourth of the series of lectures organised under the auspices of the London Diocesan Church Reading Union on "Establishment and Endowment," was delivered in St. Michael's, Cornhill, on Monday, by Prebendary Harry Jones, M.A., vicar of St. Philip's, Regent-street, his Bubjeot being "Village Disendowment.
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