The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 6, 1956 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Tuesday, March 6, 1956
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 291 BIytheville Courier BIytheville Dally Kews Mississippi Valley Leader BlyUievillB Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, MARCH 6, 1956 FOURTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FITB! CENT8 Figures Show Farm Income Down $1 Billion By OVID A. MARTIN WASHINGTON (AP) — Total farmer income fell nearly one billion dollars lasfyeaF, the Agriculture Department said today. While this was happening, a department report said, the income of the nonfarm segment of the nation's economy was rising above 1954 levels. * * * Senate Hearing Showdown In Farm Bill Debate Potter Voices Support Of Flexible Props WASHINGTON W) — Sen. Potter (R-Mich) said today he will vote to retain flexible farm price supports, contending the former high rigid system was "to a large degree responsible for our presen' critical surpluses." Potter stated his position in £ prepared speech as the Senate neared the showdown stage on the farm bill which would couple the Eisenhower administration's bank plan with a return to price supports on basic crops at 90 per cent of parity Under the soil bank, farmers would receive subsidy payments for voluntarily taking some of their land out of production of crops in surplus. The administration opposes high rigid supports on grounds they would cancel, out the contemplated effect of the soil bank in reducing price-depressing surpluses. Un der the flexible system, supported by President Eisenhower and Secretary of Agriculture Benson, price floors range..between 75 and 90 per cent of parity, depending on supplies. Most Democratic senators are backing the high support provision which was written into the farm bill by the Senate Agriculture Committee. Most Republicans favor retaining the flexible system first enacted in 1954. The Democrats outnumber the Republicans in the Senate, 48-47. There is one vacancy. Sen. Ellender (D-La) renewed his forecast that the Senate will decide by a three to a five vote margin to return to fixed, high level supports. Voting is due to begin Thursday, Potter said that if 90 per cent price props are restored "the markets for basic commodities will be plunged deeper and deeper." He added that "when cheap grain flows over into the livestock and dairy markets, those, too, are forced downward." Meanwhile, Sen. Stennis (D- Miss) said in an interview he would introduce an amendment to hold the nation's cotton acreage at the 1956 level of 17,400,000 acres. Such an amendment would head off a further acreage cut of 1,500,000 acres in 1957 because of the huge cotton surplus. The department said the income of the nation's farm population, from all sources, last year totaled a little more than 19 billion dollars. The individual average was $8GG. This compared with just under 20 billions received in 1954 and an individual average of $913. $275 Billion The nonfarm population was said to have received total income of 275 billions last year for an individual average of $1,922—more than double the farm average. The previous year the nonfarm total was 258 billions for an individual average of $1,837. Included in the farm income estimate were net returns of farm operators, farm wages, allowances for home concumption of farm products and rental value of farm dwellings, changes in inventory values of farm products held by farmers, and earnings from nonfarm sources, such as investments, off-farm employment and the like. Drop In Costs A major factor in the decline in farm earnings — a major political issue in this presidential election year — was a further drop of about 10 per cent in farm product costs. The drop in prices was offset to some extent by a 3 per cent increase in the volume of farm production last year. Agriculture Department economists predicted last fall that farm income would - decline further this year. But Secretary of Agriculture Benson has said it would increase if Congress acted promptly to enact a soil bank plan recommended by President Eisenhower. Under the soil bank the government would make payments totaling up to $1,100,000,000 a year to farmers for voluntarily taking land out of production of surplus crops. The Senate is nearing the voting stage on a bill that would authorize the soil bank plan — but would also junk the administration's flexible price support system and restore high, rigid f arm price props opposed by Eisenhower and Benson. Military Takes 'New Look Joint Chiefs of Staff Are Making New Appraisal of Nation's Defense Needs By C. YATES McDANIEL WASHINGTON (AP) — The military high command is taking another "new look" a the forces, weapons and strategy required in the next three years to keep pace with missil atomic age science and the changing face of world communism. The Eisenhower administration's new reappraisal of the nation's defenses started Sa urday, when the Joint Chiefs of Staff slipped out of Washington unannounced and flew t Ramey Air Force Base in Puerto Rico. Disclosure of 'the strategy session came last ,dght when the Pentagon said in reply to reporters' inquiries that the meeting will continue through this week at the Isolated air base. It added that the military chiefs meeting there will be able to "devote their full time without Interruption" to defense business. Complete Evaluation Taking part are the chairman, Adm. Arthur W. Radford; Army Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor; Navy Adm. Arleigh Burke; Air Force Gen. Nathan B. Twining; and Marine Gen. Randolph McC. Pate. The military chiefs are under orders from Secretary of Defense Wilson to make a "complete and careful evaluation of the size, nature and composition of forces likely to be required for the nation's security during the next three ' years." No Major Change Wilson disclosed these plans in a statement to Congress in January. He foresaw then no major change in the over-all size of the armed forces. But he said there would be continuing changes in the "nature and composition" of teh military forces in line with scientific progress and changes in the international situation. The secretary said such a long- range study . was needed to provide a sound base for planning "future procurement and other military programs." This mean new weapons and equipment. Pentagon aides, under orders say no more than necessary abou the hideaway meeting of the thre generals and two admirals, con ceded they have of other foreign 'a whole flock and domesti problems to talk and think abou In the foreign field, the chief will look into the deployment troops in Europe and Asia, in th light of the Russians' softer ap proach and the effect on allie and neutrals alike. ( Also, an strategic review must conside the possibility of how Unite States forces might be embroile if fighting should break out in th Middle East At SEATO Meeting Dulles Urges Unified Fight Against Communism in Asia By ALLAN JACKS KARACHI, Pakistan (AP) — U. S. Secretary of State Dulles called on the eight nation; of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization to developja unified fight against Communist ag gression in Asia. At the opening session of the annual three-day meeting of SEATO's Council of Foreign Ministers, Dulles also urged the development of "wholesome societies immune from Commu Long Slide Brings Fliers Home Safe A T-33 jet trainer of BIytheville Air Force Base skidded some 1,500 feet Sund^ 'before coming to a halt. No one was injured. Air Force spokesmen said the nose gear on the plane collapsed as the ship touched down on the runway. ' The Air Force reported only minor damage to the plane. In the aircraft were Lt. Paul S. Hungerford and Capt. James F. Mattingly, Jr., both of whom are stationed at BAFB. nist infection." He said it is important both thess aspects of the alliance be pushed along with the organization's chief aim o: deterring open, armed Communist aggression Dulles and the foreign ministers of the other seven SEATO members — Britain, the Philippines, Australia, New\Zealand, Thailand: France and Pakistan — all spoke briefly after the,session opened in the old Sind Assembly palace. The ministers are meeting here to chart a common course against Communist aggression and sub- 'verslon in Southeast Asia. Echoed By Garjbia Dulles' call for measures against subversion was echoed by the Philippines' vice president and foreign minister, Carlos P. Garcia. "The new tactics of totalitarian propaganda," Garcia declared, "render imperative the reorientation of our ways and means of coping with the growing menace to the freedom and prosperity of the SEATO area." SEATO's defense, said Oarcia, must be a "total effort—military political, psychological and in ever increasing measure economic." Both Thailand's foreign minis ter, Prince Wan Waithayakon, and French Foreign Minister Christian Pineau called for SEATO to pul new emphasis on cooperative economic development of the area "The best guarantee of political strength," Pineau declared, "Is to be found in the raising of the material and spiritual standards of living of the people. . . Want See DULLES on Page 7 Neffs Activities Termed Improper But Not Illegal' By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. George (D-Ga) said today Nebraska lawyer-lobbyist John M. Neff engaged in "manifest ly improper" activities in behalf of the natural gas bill bu that he sees nothing illegal in them. George heads a special investi--:. gating committee which yesterda wound up public hearings int Neffs offer of a $2,500 campaig: donation rejected by Sen. Franc! Case (R-SD). George said the evi dence indicates Neff engaged in Civilian Control of Bonn's New Army Gets Final Okay By BRACK CURRY BONN, Germany (AP) — The West German Bundestag by a crushing majority today gave final approval to firm civilian controls over its new armed forces. The lower House by a vote of 390 to 20 passed 14 constitutional amendments that tie the armed forces to be known as the Bundeswehr, firmly to Parliament. Chancellor Konrad Adenauer's . supporters were joined by antire- armament Socialists in pushing through the amendments. Deputies proclaimed they would prevent the armed forces from in becoming a a"thewtntaga a state," as they were called .under the Weimar Republic that pre- New Members To Dental Unit Mississippi County Study Club for Dentists met at Hotel Nobh la»t night and accepted four new members. They were Dr. Frank Nogaar, of BIytheville Air Force Base, and Dr. Ralph Pinion, Dr. Joe Pinion and Dr. Delbert Bishop, all of Caruthersville. A total of 13 were present. President Dr. Oeorge Vernon presided over the business meeting. Special guest* were Dr. Don Harkey, of Clarkivllle, president of the Arkansas Sttte Dental Association. After dinner, the group vlalted the BAFB dental clinic. Dr. Jotcph Runco and Dr. Phil Deal, of the air hue, showed a film on "oral benign and malignant tumor*." The orfanltatloh meets the tint UoiMUy of «Mh month, , ceded Hitler. Okay "Soldier's Law" In a semifinal vote the House also gave overwhelming approval by a show of hands to the "sol diers' law" which approved the raising of a powerful armed force to support the atlantic alliance. The antirearmament Socialists were snowed under on this vote. This is the basic military law that will permit Adenauer's government to create an armed force of 500,000 men to help defend free Europe against the threat of Soviet aggression. * C. of C. Ticket- Sale to Close Ticket sale for the Chamber of Commerce annual banquet, Thursday will close Wednesday afternoon, banquet chairman W. R. I.aw^he said today. t The banquet will be held at 7 p.m., Plantation Room, Hotel No' ... will be George Relte- ble Speaker nieler, of the U, 8. Chamber of Commerce. Ticket gale is being limited to 290. They are available from Lawshe, Ihe Chamber office in City Hall or Uu aol.l, The 59-article law authorizes the government to recruit an elite cadre of 150,000 volunteers. They will form the backbone of the projected 500,000-man armed force. Called "The Constitution of the German Soldier," the law also spells out the rights and duties of soldiers, sailors and airmen. Sen. Sparkman To Answer Ike NEW YORK Wl — Sen. John W. Sparkman of Alabama, Democratic Vice presidential candidate in 1952, will reply tomorrow night to President Elsenhower's speech announcing he would seek a second term. MBS reversed itself yesterday and granted a request for free radio to the Democratic -party to mnke a reply. Sparkman, chosen as the party spokesman, will speak over Mutual from 10 to 10:30 p.m., EST. . Mutual and all other radio and television networks originally turned down the Democratic request. Mutual is the only one to reverse its previous stand. A Mutual spokesman .said the network didn't feel any obligation to grant the time. But he said It Is now willing to do so "because of teivic* consideration*." I clear pattern" of activities I five states to drum up support fo the measure, and he. told news men: "His actions were manifestly improper but no crime was com mitted as far as I can see." A federal grand jury has been conducting its own inquiry to see if there is evidence of any law violation. Commends Case George said Sen. Case was be "commended for the action he took" in telling the Senate during the gas bill debate that he was rejecting the $2,500 offered him by tieff. Case said he felt it rep resented an "abnormal interest' in his vote on the bill. Case votec against the measure when the Senate passed it- President Eisenhower subse quently vetoed the bill, which would have exempted natural gal producers from firect federal regulation. Eisenhower said he did so because "arrogant" tactics were used in its behalf. George said it is his opinion thai Neff was "trying to make gooc with the people) who put up the money" in an effort "either to bolster existing sentiment or create sentiment for the gas bill." Neff was shown in testimony to have talked with persons, either in person or by telephone, in Nebraska, South Dakota, Iowa, Montana and Wyoming. The $2,500 he offered Case and $2,500 he contributed to Nebraska Republican party funds came from Howard B. Keck, president of the Superior Oil Co. of California. These funds were passed along to him by Elmer Patman of Austin, Tex., attorney for Superior. George said 'that while these operations indicated a pattern of efforts to win sentiment among senators for the gas bill, "actually no senator took any money so far as the evidence shows." No Legal Ofteiwc 'So far as I know," he said, "there was no legal offense committed. I don't know what the Department of Justice will find." George said Neff was "not I'rnnk In the first place" about his moves. At the wlndup of hearings yesterday, Neff acknowledged that he had discussed making i a contribution to the campaign fund of Sen. Hlckenlooper . (R-Iown) Hickcn loopcr, who voted for the gas bill, has said he knew nothing of the matter until It cnme out recently Be* MOBE u P*f • 5 Red Cross Drive Off To Fast Start Blytheville's Red Cross drive went over the $3,400 mark yesterday, C. C. Czeschln, city fund chairman, reported .'today. The local drive is in its first week with Kelley Welch heading the advance gifts division. A partial list of donors follows: S35Q — Ark-Mo Power Company. 200 — Federal Compress. 125—First National Bank, Farm er's Bank, BIytheville Water Company, Hays Stores. 100 — Rltz & Roxy Theaters, R. D. Hughes Gin, Swift Oil Company. 82 — BIytheville Canning Corn- puny, 75 _ Arkansas Grocery Company Coca Cola Bottling Co. 60 — Huffman Bros. Lumber Co. 55 — BIytheville Courier News. 50 — Richard Jiedel, KLCN, Hubbard & Son Furniture, Blytheville Fertilizer Co., Missco Implement Co., BIytheville Compress. 25 — Dr. F. L. Husband, E. B. Gre Sales Co. 20 — Camp Moultrie, 'Ray Price, Johnny Marr. Ih Dr. J. C. Guard, Noble Gill Ins. Agency. 10 — Kemper Bruton. 5 — Walker Ins. Agency. Solon Indicted On Tax Charge BOSTON WV~U. S. Rep. Thomas J, Lane (D-Mass) today was under ndictment for the "willful evasion" of $38,542 in federal income ;axes for the three year period of 1949-51. Department of Justice officials said the alleged tax evasion siemmed from Lane's private law practice in his home city of Lawr- Anxious Eye On Arab Meet LONDON (AP) — Arab leaders of Saudi Arabia, Syria and Egypt gathered in Cairo today for a summit conference on the Middle East's ferment. Diplomats watch warily for developments. Saudi Arabia's King Saud flew to the Egyptian capital for talks with Egypt's Premier Gamal Abdel Nasser and Syria's President Shukri Al Kuwatly. The" talks are expected to deal with both their running feud with Israel and the possibility of swinging Jordan into their mutual military aid partnership. Jordan's 20,000-man Arab Legion, trained and financed by the Britis is rated the best fighting I'orce the Arab world. Now that Kin Hussein has ousted British L Gen. John Bagot Glubb as th egion's support. Britain reacted sharply to t] Glubb case and a smarting se back in Cyprus, the Mediterranea island colony that is the headqua ters for her Middle East groun and air forces. • Officers Recalled Prime Minister Eden's govern ment recalled the 15 top Britis officers who had served in th Arab Legion under Glubb. And nnounced it would use militar forces as necessary to end the kil Ings and bombings on Cyprus where a compromise offer of r.i stricted self-government to leade: of a Union-with-Greece movemen broke down. The British yesterday bega jamming broadcasts by the Athen radio to Cyprus, shutting off a flo oi' words which they said helpe to inflame the Cyprlots again their rule. In reprisal the Athen radio announced today it is sus pending the relay of British Broa casting Corp, broadcasts Greece. The old Arab-Israeli strugg went on.in words and deeds. In Jerusalem the Israeli foreig office accused Egypt of "massin fighting forces inside the Gaz Strip and the Sinai Peninsula" an condemned what it called the ir creasing belligerency of the ton of public anti-Israel pronounc ments by Nasser and other Egy tian leaders. "Defender of Jews" Imn Amman, a commentator fo Jordan's all-Arab radio static called Gen. Glubb "a guardian an defender of the Jews." Despite th legion's record in the 1948 Pale ;ine War, the commentator de dared Glubb had reduced it to aarade army rather than main ;aining it as a striking force. In Damascus, a Syrian officia said Syria has warned the U. N Truce Organization of ' 'the riousness of recent unusual mil ;ary concentrations of Israel •roops around Lake Tiberias (th Sea of Galilee) and within the Syr an-Israeli demilitarized zone. 1 Tension' was further reflected i an Israeli demand, for emergenc meetings of the Israel-Egypt mlxe Armistice Commission to dea tvith three cases. In Cairo, an Egyptian spokesma denied Israeli charges that Egyp ian forces had made two attempt o cross into Israeli territory. Maj. Gen. E. L. M. Burns, chie if the U. N. Truce Organization went to Cairo for two days of talk fllh Egyptian officials on the bor ler situation. Colonial Secretary Alan Lennox Boyd reported the collapse of five months of secret negotiations witl Archbishop Makarios, leader he Greek-speaking Cyprlot ma ority which wants union with Greece. Offered Self Government Lennox-Boyd said Britain had of ered Cyprus a wide measure o elf-government. He said the talks id foundered on Makarios' de nands — amnesty for all politica ffenders including convicted mur erers of British soldiers, absolute 'ypriot control of Internal secur y and a written guarantee th; le Greek-speaking majority •ould control the Legislature. With 50,000 British troops sta- oned on the island as Mediter- anean watchdogs, Lennox-Boyc old Commons, "The first anc nost important duty is to restore .w and order" to Cyprus. "For this we have the resolution nd the force — and it will be one," he declared. Makarios retorted defiantly from icosia, the Cyprus capital: "We shall in no circumstances .rike , the flag of self-determina- on. We shall struggle to the last, esisting passively Illegal sover gnty ove the island." "Remain cool," he exhorted his ountrym. "Th e struggle will go See MID-EAST on Page 7 $15,000'Rock'Hot for Sale DALLAS (AP) — The Dallas housewife who took a . Sunday afternoon stroll In Arkansas and found a diamond estimated to be worth . $15,000 says it's not for sale. "We wouldn't sell this one," suld Mrs. Arthur L, Parker who, with her husband, makes rock hunting a hobby. "It's a museum piece. You don't wear stones like that. You preserve them 1 for posterity — *.o see how great nnture can be when It really want* to be great,' Mrs. Parker said. She said the stone Is to be cut by Harold Branch, president of the New York firm of Scnenck & Van Haelen, to a 9 or 10 carat marquise. She found the 16',-, carat stone Sunday at the crater of diamonds near Murfreesboro, Ark. Tourists pay $1.60 for the right to hunt diamonds while the mine owners reserve 25 per cent Interest In any stones found over five carat*. Census Sets Population At 17,800 Blytheville's unofficial population was set today at 17,801 — 1,577 more persons than were enumerated in the 1950 census, according to a preliminary report by Ben Smith, Bureau of Census special representative. Although lower than the hoped- for count of 19,000 or more, the figure indicated the city may receive as much as $6,000 more each year in state, turnback funds . Mayor Toler Buchanan, under whose administration the census was voted, said, "I am pleased with the report. Although I thought the figure would be higher, it indicates a good return on our investment." Cost: $3,000 ' The investment, according to Buchanan, will be about $3,000— the price the city will "Pay for the Bureau's cost. Buchanan said that if the Bureau in Washintgon makes its official .certification of the population by March 25, BIytheville will participate in the first quarterly turn- back of funds from the state. Certain taxes, such as auto license fees, are in part returned to cities on a population basis. Roughly ,the amount has come to about $4 per person. With the 1,502 in- crease, that could equal 56,000 per year to the city. Change Possible Smith said the report Is "preliminary" in that final validation of figures has not been made. In addition, he said, some of ths persons missed will be included from forms being mailed to City Hall and he said additional efforts of crew leaders in last-minute rechecks may add others. The forms to be used by persons missed "by the 28 enumerators ia printed on Page 10 of today's Courier News. It should be filled out and sent to the bureau's office in City Hall immediately. Smith said final tabulation of figures may show a "misrepresentation" in the amount of vacant houses. He said homes under construction Were listed as vacant and that they are expected to be occu- pited in the near future. Next regular U.S. Census will be conducted In 1960, nationwide. In New Kremlin Note: Ike Urges Russia To Join Arms Curb WASHINGTON (AP) — President Eisenhower is urging Soviet Premier Nikolai Bulgarian to join with the Western powers in working out a world disarmament system "directed especially to bringing under control the nuclear threat." The United States, Eisenhower said in a new note to the Kremlin, would be prepared to work out "safeguarded arrangements so that future production" of atomic materials anywhere would no longer be used to enlarge "the stockpiles of explosive weapons." Eisenhower's message dated March 1 was delivered to the Soviet Foreign Office yesterday. It had been delayed in transmission by radio difficulties. Quick Brushoff Eisenhower gave a quick brush-' Avalanche Kills Two OLSO, Norway W)— The newspa- ler Aftenposten says a snow ava- anche buried two farms near the illage of Oldra in northern Nor,y- A 57-year-old farmer and two hildren were believed dead under mountain of snow. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS—Part- cloudy and continued warm this fternoon and tonight. Wednesday jostly cloudy with scattered thun- erstorms and turning colder. High lis afternoon near 80. MISSOURI — Partly cloudy this fternoon with chance of scattered lunderstorms east and south por- ons; much cooler north and cen- al; considerable cloudiness to- ight and Wednesday with scat("red showers or thunderstorms 'ednesday; low tonight 30s ex•erne north to 60s extreme south, igh Wednesday 50s north to near south. Minimum thU morning—M. Maximum ymterday—74. SunrlH tomorrow—fl :M. Sunwt today—0:00. Mean Umptrature—40. Precipitation 24 twun (T >.m. to 7 m.)— none. Precipitation Jan. 1 to dat»— 1J.3«. ThU Dale L»t Year Maximum yfl*terday—35. Minimum this morning—M. JIB. 1 to da»—7:11. , off to Bulganin's Feb. 1 letter to him appealing for him to reconsider his earlier rejection of Bul- ganin's • proposal for a Soviet- American "friendship" treaty. "Our views remain generally as expressed" in a letter of rejection to Bulganin Jan. 28. Eisenhower's new message said. Bulganin had first called for » friendship treaty in mid-January. The tone of the earlier Eisenhower turn-down was that the ground is covered by commitments already made by the two countries and a new pact might stir up unjustified optimism that a real settlement had ben reached. C.A.R PAGE—Anne White, II, (laughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jame* White of BIytheville, will serve u page at the Mississippi Convention of the Children of the American Revolution at Greenville, MlM., March 10-17. She will represent the Captain William Whltfield Society of the CAR of Mark*, MUs. Anne wu chosen by the Senior President of tht Mlululppi OAR, Mn. N. K. Matone. Anne li a student In tht eighth grate »t Blythevllle Junior :

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