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wag Bim i was Sumter Occupied By Union Troops DR. AURELIA HENRY REINHARDT She left her imprint on the academic world Naming Our City Streets -41-By MERTON T. AKERS armed. A few Union workmen started to raise a cheer but it died in their throats. The secessionists demanded to know "what are these soldiers doing here?" Doubleday gave the answer by action.
"Ordering my men to charge bayonets, we drove the workmen into the center of the fort," Doubleday-wrote. "I took possession of the guard room commanding the main entrance and placed sentinels. soon as all theTr6ops were in we fired a cannon to give notice of our arrival to the quartermaster, who had anchored at Fort Johnson." Earlier that day the wives and children of the enlisted men had left Moultrie, on two lighters for Fort Johnson on the west bank of the 'harbor. Their starV was that they were being sent North! out of danger and that the provisions were for their journey. The Charleston lighter captains accepted this without question.
When the quartermaster, Lt. Norman Hall, heard the cannon shot from Sumter he ordered the lighters to steam to Sumter. One skipper, realizing too late that he had been duped, refused to go and put up a fight. But he soon was -subdued and the party landed at Sumter in good order. CASUALTIES-ONE DINNER Anderson had left a rear guard at Moultrie commanded by a bushy-haired lieutenant named Jefferson C.
Davjs, no kin to the Confederate president-to-be. He and his men stood on" the parapet of Moultrie with cannon sighted on the channel ready to fire on any guard boat which threatened to hold up the move. That job "done, they axed the flagstaff and set fire to the gun carriages. Total casualties one beef dinnerr The enlisted man's wife who cooked for the officers mess, not in on the secret, had set out a full evening meal, beef, gravy, and aJJ the. trimmings.
j. When dawn Charleston heard the news from the frustrated lighter captains and saw the smoke plumes from the burning gun carriages rising over Moultrie. They turned their wrath on Gov. Francis Pickens, who had succeeded Henry Gist only a few days before. The governor was as angry as the townspeople.
This was a sorry way to start an administration. Col. J. Johnson Pettigrew and Maj. Ellison Capers, two starchy militia officers, were dispatched at once to demand that Anderson return forthwith to Moultrie with his men.
The officers made a production of their expedition. "The governor directs me to say to you, courteously "but peremptorily, to return to Fort Moultrie," Pettigrew announced to Anderson. "Make my compliments to the governor and say to him thatI decline to accede to fus request; I cannot and will not go back," Anderson re- plieTin tones as formal as the officers'. TAKES ACTION J- officers bowed and went back to report to the governor. Pickens moved again.
But this time with action instead of words. He sent Pettigrew and a contingent of militia "to Castle Pinckney, a fort lying a half mile off the docks. Pinckney was fully gunned and manned only by Lt R. K. Meade, Ordinance Sergeant Skillen and a group of workmen who had been handpicked for their supposed loyalty to the Union.
Anderson thought they would fight plenty of guns were on hand but when Petyigrew's little force appeared they ducked for cover. Meade could do nothing except close the gates and wait. The militia scaled the wall, Pettigrew took over and raised South Carolina's, Palmetto flag. Kate Skillen, 15-year-old daughter of the sergeant, wept aloud. A militia officer told her not to cry, there was nothing to be afraid of.
She turned in stout-hearted anger. "I am crying because you Monty was tight but Christmas of 1860 was a big day in Charleston, S.C., its first holiday in an "independent commonwealth." Charlestonians celebrated it to the hilt, firecrackers, cotillions, eggnog and alL While a general uneasiness about the future hung over the city, the Christmas crowds managed to keep happy. At dusk the next day, Dec." 26, Ma J. Robert Anderson, USA, commandant of the Charleston harbor defenses, made his move. Most of Charleston slept through it, much to itshame-faced cha- grin.
Anderson furtively trans-, ferred his tiny and constantly watched garrison from Fort oultri an indefensible work on the east shore of the harbor, to Fort Sumter, the formidable pile of masonry which bottled the harbor, and found a haven, for the. time being at least. FEARS REALIZED That was what the South Carolinians most feared. Anderson in Moultrie was a sitting duck. Anderson in, Sumter would have to be starved out or shot out, and South Carolina was not ready to open fire on U.S.
forces this holiday week. At sunset on the 26th three six-oared barges pushed out from the beach below Fort Moultrie and headed west across the channel toward Sumter, a mile-and-a-quarter away. 7 The first boat carried Maj. Anderson with the Stars and Stripes, which a few minutes before had been5 flying over Moultrie, tucked under his -Two boats made a wide sweep toward Sumter. The third, carrying Capt.
Abner Doubleday and 39 men, headed straight across the channel. "I made stow work in crossing," Doubleday wrote, "for my men were not expert oarsmen. Soon I saw the lights of the secession guard boat coming down on us. I told the men to take off their coats and cover np. their buttons, and I threw my own coat open to conceal my buttons.
I wished to give the impression that It was an officer is charge of. laborers. The guard ship stopped its paddles and inspected us in the gathering darkness, but concluded we were aH right and passed on." OCCUPIES FORT Breathing again. Double-day's men rowed to the Sumter dock and were met by a crowd of workmen, most secessionists. Com -wtfrt By ALBERT E.
REINHARDT DRIVE from 39th Avenue to Cunningham Drive in the hills above the upper end of High Street was named for Aurelia Henry Reinhardt. Dr. Reinhardt was born in San Francisco April 1, 1877. She attended public schools there, and graduated in. 1898 with a degree of bachelor of literature from the University of California.
In 1901 she was a scholar in. English, and in 1903 a fellow in English. In 1905 U.C. gave her a degree of doctor of philosophy. From 1898 to 1501 Dr.
Reinhardt taught English at the University of Idaho. Later she taught at Idaho State Normal School at Lewiston. In 1909 she married. After the death of her husband in 1914, Dr. Reinhardt lectured on English at U.C, then in 1916 she became pres- POETS' BEHOLD THE WEALTH Of HOLLY! Discard the frippery of scarlet bow And let the live-green wreath of holly show Yuletide incarnate.
Regard lt unadorned-No ornament but hallowed crown, sharp-thorned. Witness the blood-bright berries that it wears A ready rosary for Christmas prayers. -BERNICE M1NARIK. THE CHRISTMAS -TREE was a sight I loved to see A sparkling, star-topped Christmas tree; A proud young fir. that once had stood -Rain-drenched and dripping In a wood; And now stood by the window-pane So softly dripping tinsel rain.
-FLORENCE M6stER. NORMAN ident of Mills College. Honors followed rapidly: in 1919 she received an honorary "degree of doctor of law from U.C. and in 1925 an honorary degree of doctor of literature from USC. Aside from her leadership of the greatest girl's college in the West, she was an author and contributed to leading, journals and magazines.
1 She was a member of the-Dante Society and the Concordia Society; served as state chairman of the department of literature of the California Federation of Women's Clubs; belonged to the Philosophical Association of the Pacific Coast and was national president of the American Association of University Women. She was a member of the First Unitarian Church. Her passing on Jan. 28, 1948, was a great loss to the educational structure of California. CORNER "MERRY CHRISTMAS, MOMi" Here are the-skates for Willie, The doll for Sarah Jane, Some nice warm sox for grandpa, For Jimmie, an aeroplane.
Cathie got what she wanted, Big, shiny beads on a string; Matilda's boy friend gave her A dollar-down diamond ring. Grandma was swamped with presents, Tige clutched a rubber bone, The aroma of roasting turkey Pervaded the kitchen zone, Santa had left a bagful Of Christmas joy in his wake, But all that he left for mother Was a book on how to bake. -MARGO GRAHAM. A CHRISTMAS WISH The Christmas season comes again To fill our hearts with love May reason fill the minds of men wisdom from NEWTON D. COOK.
THIS WEEK IN THE CIVIL WAR Dec. 28 Maj. Anderson moves U.S. Army garrison from Ft. Moultrie to Fort Sumter.
Dee. 27 South Carolina gov-ernor demands Ah- derson retarn to Moultrie. Anderson refuses. South Carolina seizes Castle Pinckney and 'tt Moultrie. put that miserable rag up there," pointing to the Pal metto flag.
Other militiamen also seized abandoned Moultrie. The quarry, however, was safe in Sumter, bluecoats lining the ramparts and en-, Jojtfng the UntM Pratt InteTMtftMl.
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