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Oakland Tribune, Sunday, Oct23, 1W0 M-17 MhurkW' tor "ferar 7 k. AS SLEEP THE NU3HT-BEF0RB A BUS FUR THANKS FOR A 1 II I II tOVELV SN'NS: 1 1KPTHM 0U REMEAER THAT LIVELY rTIMTHEMORNINg bme? f(m THiNK ABOUT IT. I WANNA 'TALK ABOUT IT. How the Draft Precipitated Broadways Bloodiest Riot Naming Our City Streets By ALBERT I. NORMAN YGNACIO from High St to Trask, one block north of Foothffl was named for Ignacio Peralta, on of Don Luis Peralta, grantee of some 48,000 acres on the Eastbay.
He first had his home on the shores of San Leandro Creek. This home was partially destroyed In the earthquake, of 1858. His daughter, then 14 years old, was bit by the tile from its roof. Then in 1860, his brother-in-law William Toler built for him the bouse now the Alta Mira Club on Lafayette in San Leandro, where be moved in 1860. VICENTE from Clarement to 88th St, one block east of Telegraph, was named for Vicente Peralta, son of Don Luis Maria Peralta, ex-soldier at the San Francisco Presidio, who was granted some 46,000 acres on the east shore of the bay in 1820.
Vicente's home was at 56th and Telegraph, destroyed by the 1868 earthquake. He then built on Telegraph, opposite the present location of the Golden Gate Creamery. SIMSON from Mokulmne to 73rd was named for Robert Simson, the lion hunter, who owned land from Mountain Blvd. to Sa Leandro Bay. He owned the present site of Mills College.
9 His borne stffl stands on Mokulmne. MANILA from MacArthur Blvd. to Lawson Ave. east of Broadway was named for Manila Bay in the Fhflip- pine Islands. It was this bay during the Spanish American War that Admiral George.
Dewey led the American fleet that destroyed the Spanish fleet in 1888. For bis great valor, the Congress of the; United States created the rank of fun Admiral for him. MacARtHUR BLVD. was named on March 26, 1942, honor of General Douglas MacArthur. The names of the streets of our city that made up this boulevard were 38th Moss Ave Perry Excelsior Hopkins St, 55th Ave.
(a part thereof), Camden St, Seminary Av. (a part thereof) and Trenor St controlled his own board of aldermen and city council, and who were preparing a bill which would allow the city to give 300 to each drafted man to buy bis way out of the service. Tbey passed the bin on Wednesday, and Opdyke Immediately vetoed it In the. early hours of Thursday morning, the mob attacked a government warehouse on Greenwich Street, where 20,000 muskets were stored. This cache might have given them control of the city If Acton had not learned of the plan and sent a large force to stop -them.
FOR APPEASEMENT It was almest dawn before the turning point arrived. The steady tramp of thousands of feet was heard along tower Broadway, the first 'elements of the state militia rushed from Gettysburg. Nina more New York regimenls as well as one Michigan regiment arrived in the next two days. The city was out of danger at last. The mob was to make its last stand on the East Side.
Five thousand desperate men attacked elements of the Seventh Regiment Bullets and bricks from the rooftops killed 15 soldiers before another 700 troops arrived to clear the avenue with artuV lery- and bayonet It was the decisive battle. On Friday morning, the mayor could announce: "The riotous assemblages have been dispersed." ter's men to catch the rioters from the rear. "We struck them Eke a thunderbolt," one officer recalled later. That night New York was In a turmoiL A Negro cart-man, trying to escape under cover of darkness, was caught and hanged. Tuesday was hot and muggy; a heavy pall of black smoke rose from Innumerable fires.
Mobs filled the streets at dawn. PITCHED BATTLES Pitched battles, even more furious than Monday's raged all day. Almost 5,000 rioters invaded the Union Steam Works, where thousands of government carbines were stored. A strong force of police stormed the building, piled the carbines on wagons, and marched quickly downtown to relieve Mayor George Opdyke's house, which was under attack. That same morning Governor Seymour arrived and Issued a strong proclamation calling for the restoration of law and order.
Then he addressed a large crowd a speech that has remained the most controversial act of his controversial career. "Let me assure you that I am your friend," he told his listeners. "I wish to inform you that I have sent my adjutant general to Washington to confer with the authorities there and to have this draft suspended and stopped Mayor Opdykt bow was harassed both by Seymour and the Peace Democrats who Ceatiaied from raft 4 ent kd the 233 frightened children out the rear door. The mob surged through' the bunding, stripping It bare, then set the handsome build Ing on fire. men the fire chief answered the call, two dozen rioters grabbed him and would have beaten him to death had not 10 firemen rushed to bis rescue.
Frustrated, the mob turned on the Negro children. Twenty children, were cut off from the main group. But a young Irishman on the edge f-the crowd, Paddy McCaffrey, aided by others, surrounded the children and fought off the mob. MOB ON MARCH At the height of the riot that Monday evening, Commissioner Acton got word that the mob was marching on City Hall and police headquarters. He decided It was time for the first counterof-fensive.
He assigned 200 men to Inspector Dan Carpenter. Carpenter, promising "to win this fight or never come back alive," led his. main force up Broadway with two parallel columns ready to strike from the side streets. The police caught the mob by surprise. The Times reported "Broadway looked like a battleground thickly strewn with prostrate forms." Another mob, meanwhile, had invaded the Tribune building.
Acton decided to make his second major attack. Combining reinforcements, be ordered Carpen-, FIRST YANK TO MAKE IT! If you've never heard of Nofwest John, it isn't surprising, even though his was the pioneer voyage by an American across the length of Russia and Siberia. He was Just another business man trying to get along. For this exciting adventure, redeemed from the forgotten past, read next week's American Heritage instalment in Your Town Magazine..
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