BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS ... ^..M-n ,*.• MA0rr*alPAfi'r » OVA we AC i>sm fintTTFTFIART MISSOURI THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AMP SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. LI—NO. 290 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily News Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, MARCH 6, 1956 FOURTEEN PAGES Published Daily Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Anderson Urges: Keep Politics Out of Farm Bill By EDWIN B. HAAKIJJSON WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen Anderson (D-NM) said today Congress should "keep poli- uToiS ffiittal" If tttopes to solve the twin problems of low farm income and ering ™gjji^ d congressional election eight months away, there seemed no prospect tha CongressuouW do so. While there are exceptions, the battle "ver ngid-versus.flexi- Ef' rl™ nri,5 c,,nnnrt^ it's essentially a fight between Republicans and Democrats. tics out._ staggering With Dect that Congress woum QO so. vvnue mcic cue c.^^...^, v..~ j"homnni«.te We farm price supports it's essentially a fight between Republicans and Democrats. Anderson, former secretary of* — agriculture in the Truman admin-|- f istration, planned a Seii'Ale Horn- speech today In favor of continuing flexible farm price supports and beginning a soil bank program.' This follows che broad outlines of the farm program urged by President Eisenhower and Secretary of Agriculture Benson. Anderson is one of a handful of Senate Democrats backing the administration on the price support issue. Criticized Benson But Anderson criticized Benson's administration of farm programs. And he said he would offer amendments aimed at making compulsory farmer participation in the soil bank program. In advance of his speech, Anderson said in an interview much of the difficulty in svoling farm problems results from inability of political leaders and the major farm organizations to agree upon "a sound and stable program for agriculture." He noted that former President Truman and he urged a shift from rigid to flexible supports in 1947 and 1948. Congress approved them in principle in 19«, but did not permit them to take effect. Instead, it extended mandatory, supports several times while surpluses of cotton, wheat and other major farm products mounted higher in government warehouses. Cites Surpluses Anderson agrees with the administration that rigid price supports contributed to the surpluses, but he added: "No law Is any better than its administration. No system of price supports, rigid or flexible, will work with warehouses clogged with grain and other crops." He said that Benson in three years as secretary has not used broad authority available to him for drastic cutbacks in production of cotton, wheat, tobacco, rice and f _____ JOVS. f Ike's Health May Shunt Aside Real Campaign Issues Du/fe AtSEATO Meeting KARACHI, Pakistan (AP) — U. S. Secretary of State Dulles flew into Karachi today to meet with the foreign ministers and military leaders of America's seven SEATO Pact allies. In a brief airport'statement Dulles said he was sure "great good will come" from the three-d Fresh Fighting Darkens Middle East War Clouds By JACK BELL WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Fulbright (D-Ark) said today presidential campaign discussion of foreign policy may be shunted aside by public absorption With President Eisen------------ hOWer'S health, other crops. Leaders hope the Senate will complete voting on the farm bill before the weefc ends. A debate limitation takes effect Thursday. Man, Struck By Car, Loses Right Leg Qreen Ledbetter, of Route 3, was seriously Injured about 10 a.m. Saturday when struck by a car as he crossed from one side of the road to another on the Air Base highway. His condition was listed as "slightly improved" today. Led- bt-tter's right leg was amputated slightly below the knee and he is suffering from internal injuries. According to State Trooper Ben Cavin, who investigated the accident, Ledbetter was walking north along the highway about one-quarter of a mile from the city limits. A car, driven by Lt. John A. Clark, of BAFB, was moving south. Clark told Cavin that as he approached, Ledbetter crossed frpm one side of the road to another directly in front of Clark's car Cavin said his investigation showed the accident was unavoidable. NT citations were issued. Sen. Goldwater AdmitsAccepting Oil Firm Money Received Campaign Contribution From Keck Family Member By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON UP) — Sen. Gold water (R-Ariz) says he accepted a campaign contribution from a member of the family that con-| trols Superior Oil Co. of Califor- ia. Goldwater added, in an ABC-TV interview yesterday, that he doesn't think this should affect his membership on a special Senate committee planning a broad investigation of lobbying and campaign contributions. He said he could name "four or five Democrats who received contributions" from the same source. He did not elaborate. Two Williams An aide in Goldwater's oifice quoted the senator today as saying his contribution 'Bill" Keck. came from There are two William Kecks in the family. William Myron Sr. is Superior's board chairman. One o'i his sons, William Myron Jr. is an independent oil operator. Records in the office of the Arizona secretary of state list a contribution of $250 for Goldwater's campaign fund from a Matthew Keck of Chicago. The Goldwater aide could not place that name. The special investigating committee and another, smaller Senate group, were set up after Sen. Case (R-SD) disclosed he rejected a $2,500 campaign fund offer during the recent Senate debate on the controversial natural gas bill. The money offered Case was traced by the smaller special company lawyer-lobbyist who made the offer, testified there were "no strings attached." This committee, which is limit- See PROBE on Page 9 Fulbright, a Senate Foreign Relations Committee member, has ben highly critical recently of Secretary of State Dulles. "The really important issue today is whether we are losing out to Russia in the undeclared areas of the world," he said. "While rfe talk about the President's health ana whether there is lasting prosperity, we may be losing Asia to the Russians. "We Democrats are certainly going to tell the people about what we think are blunder policies but how much attention we'll get I don't know." Privilege to Criticize Dulles has urged Democrats not to involve the tense Middle Eastern situation in the presidential campaign. Eisenhower has said he thinks the broad objectives and principles of foreign policy "should be above politics." But Eisenhower said ii others want to alter the methods the administration uses .in carrying out those policies "it is certainly their privilege to criticize and try to make the change." Fuibright said that is what he is doing. Sen. Aiken (R-Vt), another foreign relations committeeman, said he doesn't think the Democrats will attract much attention with crilisicm of the administration's policies — but for a reason different from that assigned by Ful- bi-ight. "In my judgment," he said, 'the American people are convinced they will never become in- vojved in a global war so long as President Eisenhower is in the White House. I think Secretary Dulles was right in saying that Russia's past policies have failed and the Soviets are now trying to change face." "Fantastic" Fulbright has called "fantastic" this evaluation of Moscow moves by Dulles. The Arkansas senator said that by taking such an optimistic view of Russian actions, Dulles was making it more difficult to obtain congressional approval of foreign economic aid. "The Eisenhower administration has been dragging its feet in the field where there is a real chance of winning the undeclared and neutral areas of the world — in cultural and economic development," Fulbright said. "Secretary Dulles has been so engrossed in signing up nations in military pacts and in getting subi See IKE on Page 8 conference of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organiaation Council opening tomorrow. "This organization stands guard over the independence and safety of its members by pledging all to stand ready to help each other against aggression," i he declared, adding: "At our meeting here in Karachi, we will be discussing ways and means to further the security and well-being of the member states." Due Later Today Dulles' Big Three partners, I eign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd of Britain and French Foreign Minister Christian Pineau, were due later today. The delegates from the other SEATO allies — Australia, New Zealand, the Philippines and Thai land—arrived earlier. After an opening public session the conference in closed meetings is expected to. take up first the o.uestion of establishing a perma rient secretariat and a headquar ters—probably In Bangkok— for the organization. Until now, it has been to a large extent a paper outfit. Pakistan and perhaps othe Asian members also may urge thi largely military character of the alliance be expanded to include economic aid to those member* in need Dulles told a news con ference in Washington last week however, that the British spon sored Colombo Plan was a bette vehicle for economic aid to Asia because its membership include many countries that do not belonf to SEATO. Dulles, Lloyd and Pineau ar also certain to spend much tim in private conversations on rising threat of an Arab-Israe Blytheville Man Killed In Texas Pfc. B. W. (Bill) Wyatt. 27-year- old Blytheville soldier stationed at Fort .Hood, Tex., was Killed yesterday morning in an automobile accident at Tomball, Tex. A native of West Ridge, he had lived in Blytheville practically all his life and was a nine-year veteran of Army service. He was 27. Military rites will be accorded, Cobb Funeral Home reported, but arrangements are incomplete. He leaves his mother, Mrs. Frankie Lee Hall of Blytheville; three sisters, Mrs. Juanita Fisher tnd Mrs. L. R. Brown, Blytheville, and Mrs. Audrey Myers, Murfree*- boro, 111., and two brothers, L. R. Cribbs, St. Paul, Calif., and Virgil Cribb*, who is with' the U. S. Navy. Wyatt was driving » friend and his fiance to-KUieen, Tex., to be married. The engaged couple, Sgt. I.e. Kenneth W. Oettys, 23, of Asheville, N. 0., and Mrs. Mary Roberto Marsden, at, of Houston, were reported in serious condition at Houston hotpltaUu Diplomat f xptffaf 1 TEHRAN, Iran (f) - Iran has liven RtiMla'i aoUtant military attach* In Tehran a week to get out of tht country. The attache, Maj. Ivanovich Koum«Uoff, was arrested lait week a* a ipy, but Iranian taithorlUM ntaeMtf htm when he WM found to be carrying diplomatic Signs of a Faddist- - Filter Tips, Hi-Fi Fiend, Bobbed Hair, Two-Tone Cars LOS ANGELES W) — If you smoke filtered cigarettes, drive a Uvo-tone car or are mad about hi-fi, you Qualify as a faddist. And a faddist, says a man who's made a 42-year study of 'em, is one who "seeks to attract attention of others and attain status." Dr. Emory S. Bogardus, dean emeritus of the University of Southern California's Graduate School and a specialist in sociology, has been making surveys of fadf in university classes for 42 years. Some of his gleanings: About 80 per cent of all fads last less than one year. Those that remain have proved their utility. As fast as fads fade, new ones flower. Today people are experiencing a revival of some of the fads of 30 or 40 years ago. Dr. Bogardus today cited some of the reborn rages as bobbed hair, wooden jewelry, penciled eyebrows, tortoise shell rims for glasses, peg top trousers for women, and spare tire racks outside the trunk. "Pads are the 'expressions of persons seeking ways of becoming individualistic," he said. war. Lloyd said In New Delhi tha "time is running out" in the con flict between the Arabs and Isra el "and the trouble is gettin worse rather than better." .MBS Grants Democrats Radio Time NEW YORK (If) — The Mutlla Broadcasting System today grant ed the Democratic party free ra dio network time to reply to Presi dent Eisenhower's speech last Wed nesday concerning his candidac for a second term. John P. Poor, MBS executive vie president, sent a telegram to Pan M. Butler, Democratic nationa chairman, offering the period fro 10 to 10:20 p.m., EST, 9-9:20 a.r CST Wednesday March 7. "for spokesman who is not a candidat for the public office this year." "Although we do not conside that we have any legal obligatio to funish equal time to the Demo cratic party by reason of our ha\ ing carried Pesident Eisenhower address on Feb. 29." Poor's mes sage said, "we have decided, be cause of public service consider! tions, to offer you the time period U. of A. Band Here Wednesday The 45-member University of A k.insas band will give a concert ElytheviUe High School Wednesda morning. The band goes on a four-day toi ol high schools in 11 north at northeastern Arkansas cities star ing tomorrow. Among the selections to played are: the Grand March fro Verdi's "Aida," the "Kiddie Ba let' by Ralph Hermann, and "Du Ranch Suite" by Kleimsinger. In addition, by special permi sion of the composer, Rafa Kleimslnger, the band will pi "Trumpet Cha Cha Cha," wi Lloyd Herrick, a student fro Fort Smith, as aoloist. Ike Sends Soviet Chief New Disarmament Note WASHINGTON (AP) By JOHN M. HiGHTOWER . President Eisenhower has sent to Moscow a new note urging ._•' i _ .:„.',, !,;„„ ; i-. winirinir o cfnr-t .in o \imrlr1 Hicaj'vnamPnt nro- WASHlJNt-TIUIN lAJrl — il cMUtiit oiacuiiuwcA. uaa a^-ni. i.<-* J.MA/UVW" « •*— — 0 — 0 oviet Premier Nikolai Bulganin to join him in making a start on a world disarmament pro- fam The letter constitutes the latest round in a propaganda duel which the two men have een carrying on over disarmament and world peace for many months. Eisenhower's note was due to be elivered to the Soviet Foreign [fice today by U.S. Ambassador harles E. Bohlen. Washington of- cials said administration plans all for it to be made public to- lorrow. It was learned the note first ./as dispatched to Moscow late ast week, but poor radio recep- on forced a lengthy repeat trans- nission and Jelayed plans for a ublic announcement during the eekend. Negative Reply The Eisenhower message is both negative reply to Bulganin's re- eated proposal for a Soviet-Amer- can friendship treaty and a posi- ve reassertion of Eisenhower's 'ooen skies" disarmament Eisenhower-Bulganin cor- wn plan. The .•espondence started alter the summit conference last July. It was at that time that Eisenhower proposed that the United States and Russia exchange aerial reconnais- saince and military blueprints as a first step toward disarmament. Criticized Plan Bulganin severely criticized the President's plan in a letter last September. Then at the Geneva foreign-ministers' meeting in November, Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov said bluntly that Russia would not accept the Eisenhower plan. Subsequently Bulganin made his proposal for a friendship treaty and Eisenhower turned it down. ' On Feb. 1 Bulganin asked Eisenhower to reconsider and tried to make the whole deal more attractive by saying similar pacts could be concluded by Russia with Britain and France. Empty of Substance Eisenhower and Secretary of State Dulles felt the friendship treaty idea was a gesture empty of substance and intended only as a part of Russia's peace propaganda drive. They replied to the first message that "deeds, not words" were needed to bring any real improvement in world conditions. But they felt that the second message should be answered with something of a more positive nature. Hence after considering several formulas, they settled on the new disarmament appeal as the best way to make a positive statement of American desires and avoid another bald rejection of Russia's proposition. GOP Chiefs Begin Mapping Ikes Re-Election Campaign By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ' Top Republicans have begun talking about the kind of re-election campaign President Eisenhower should wage. And the discussion so far indicates he'll be urged to make persona aPP Th" C quStfon^SSd yliteri^TE separate-television interviews by three Repub licans - National Chairman Leonard Hall and Senators Knowland of California and Goldwa ;er of Arizona. All three indicated they foresaw Eisenhower forays into at least i few major cities. And Knowland ;aid he personally would ask the 'resident to go into some areas ;andidates face 'that I'm running my own cam- hower should make a few cam long oppusiuuu. ......... — — Among the Democrats, Sen. Es- repeatedly to cripple soil conser- - - - "- vation programs. He said emo- crats in Congress will "ilatly turn down such schemes." Knowland, the Senate GOP leader, said he personally would urge Eisenhower to "get out beyond nerely television broadcasts from ne White House." He said Eisen- where Republican strong opposition. tes Kefauver had more to say yesterday about his position on Eisenhower's health as a cam- >aign issue — a position that /jn-j licts with the one taken by Adlai Stevenson. Not an Issue Kefauver said yesterday he doesn't plan to make an issue of the President's health. The Tenn- sssee Democrat added that he has "never questioned anyone's physical condition or his looks." Stevenson, one of Kefauver's rivals for the Democratic presidential nomination, has said he views Eisenhower's health as a "compelling issue." Talking to newsmen at Manchester, N.H., Kefauver said he doesn't think Stevenson is wrong in taking this position — "it's just Hits Farm Program -' Stevenson, in a speech prepared for a farmer audience at Marshall, Minn., said today the Elsen- hower administration has Census Report Due Tomorrow A preliminary report on Blythe- .'ille's special census will be made to Mayor Toler Buchanan tomorrow. Ben Smith, of the U. S. Bureau ot Census, said that reports from 27 of 28 enumerators have been completed. j>t the same time, Smith made an appeal to persons who know that they were missed in the population count. A form is printed on Page 8 of today's Courier News for those persons to fill and mail to the census office in City Hall. Smith asked those who were missed to fill in the form Immedi ately and send it to the office so that they may be included in the final count. Holy Week Services Set Special union services in observance of Holy Week were scheduled Saturday by a Committee on Special Services of the Ministerial Alliance. Site of the services today was undecided, but they will be of 30-minute duration and will begin at 12:25 each day during the week. Two pastors will be on hand for each _service=r-one to preside, the other to give the message. Further details on the services are expected this week. 3aign appearances in areas wlier Republican, candidates might in trouble. Eisenhower has rejected ans suggestion of a "barnstorming' campaign and Knowland said hi wasn't recommending that typ of vote seeking. Goldwater, however, predicte Eisenhower would do some "barn storming" because "he's a cam aigner at heart." Hall said he believes any pres dential campaign trips would "b at a minimum"—limited perhap to a few flying visits to majo cities. He said he foresaw cross-country train trip. Since Eisenhower said "yes" t a second term bid, a big questio among Republicans has been wh his running mate will be. Eisen hower has been noncommittal. Won't Give Up Hall said everyone seemed concerned about this except Vice Israel Syria In __ New Clash JERUSALEM (AP) — A new Syrian-Israeli clash brought fresh fears of war to the seething Middle East today. Two Israeli policemen were illed as the two sides exchanged ire on the shores of the Sea of Galilee yesterday less than 48 lours after Jordan's King Hussein ired British Lt. Gen. John Bagot 31ubb, the veteran Arab Legion hief. The enraged Israelis branded the latest Galilee incident "a wan- on attack." The Syrians also iaptured two wounded policemen. Western diplomats expressed open concern the Galilee clash might set off a chain reaction at a time when tensions are at their highest since the Arabs and Israelis fought in 1948. May Explode "It's just this sort of shooting ncident that can explode into a full-scale war right now," Mid one Western diplomat. Western circles feared Israel might use the latest incident to aunch a "preventive war" while she felt she still enjoyed military superiority. There was also apprehension hat with Arab nationalism flushed o a new high by pride over Glubb's ouster, the Arab states might decide to go into action. Jordan's dismissal of its military head brought a flurry of activity in Middle East and Asian capitals. Syria's Premier Said el Ghaaai- flew to Cairo with his defense minister and chief of staff. With Syrian President Shukri Kuwatly they were to confer with Premier Damn! Abdel Nasser on the Egyptian-Syrian defense pact. Will Oo to Aid El Ghazzl announced earlier that Syria, Egypt and Saudi Arabia — all linked in mutual defense pacts — would go to Jordan's aid should Israel attack. Meanwhile, Britain's ForeigK Secretary Selwyn Lloyd — who visited New elhi en route to the SEATO meeting in Karachi — repeated Britain's proposal that Israeli and Arab forces withdraw from Israel's frontier. Lloyd recommended that the U.N. Palestine truce commission be increased to patrol the demilitarized zone and prevent -incidents- earlier proposed such ft pullback to provide a buffer zone along the Palestine armistice line, but Israel was cool to the idea. Israel's Prime Minister Ben- Gurion defied Jordan to start trouble. He told members of his See MIDDLE EAST on Page 9 President Nixon, dieted, as he h: And he before, pre- that Bixon will be rcnominated. Friends of the vice president said Nixon won't give up second place on the ticket if the choice is his. They expressed doubt he might prefer moving to a Cabinet See GOP on Page 9 2000 Applaud Herbert Philbrick at Kennett . . * .... _,;._,_ .,._ 1L _ ft-. , u v^.tth rviim- "*ft»r a Rhnrr. while. I receivec By SONNY SANDERS Courier News Correspondent KENETT—Herbert i A. Phllbriclc, who for nine frightful years ltd three lives as a citizen, communlat and counterspy, received a standing ovation at the beginning and end of his hour and a half speech before almost 2,000 persons at a youth rally Saturday during the annual conference of the 197th Rotary District Pliilbrlcle i* now a nationally known lecturer, syndicated newspaper columnist and author .of the best selling novel "I Led Three Lives," on which a television program is bued. . After he secretly worked tor the Federal Bureau of Investigation while pretending to be an »™«>' believer in communism, Phllbriclc gave courtroom testimony which WH UK dtcMlni (actor la Ui< con- viction ol U top Red leaders in the United States. Explains Tactics The New England advertising executive warned of the dangers of communism and explained the indoctrination tactics used by the Reds on the youth of the nation. This Is. a, condensation of hi* speech: "You are so basically American here in Southeast Missouri that, you already know about communism— you already know how evil It Is. "The FBI says there are 363 com- munlsU In Missouri. How does one become a communist? "When I moved with my family from Boston to Cambridge, Mais., I wanted to get. settled and join community civic clubs. A Phony -. "I hmd of what was described M t wonderful new youth organiza- tion, the Cambridge Youth Council. I joined and six months later I learned that the youth council was a phony led by Reds. 'Before long I had been appointed chairman of the organization. I became worried. After several sleepless nights, I went to the offices of the FBI ori a spring day in 1940 and tpld them, what I had learned of the communist front organization. "They told me I had given them vital information and asked me to give the FBI additional information if I stayed in the organization. Prom then to 1M» I led three lives by becoming a counterspy for the FBI within the communist criminal conspiracy. Well Ori-anted "This front organization was so well organized that nil the churches ol the town were repre»enteu In it. 'After a short while. I received an invitation on a Sunday morning to join the Young Communist League. I joined, paying an initiation lee ol 10 cents, and continued giving Information to the FBI. "The Young Communist Leagues main function was to get new member* in'the first organization, the Cambridge Youth Council. 'The Reds are very interested in drilling their ideas for overthrow- Ing Democracy Into the minds of the youth of the world. Target: Student* "College students ave a major target. The Commies' first step i* to get youngsters to forgetl about Qod, to lose their loyalty to Ood, their country and even their parents. Once that is done, the real is relatively easy. "If their belief tn Ood is broken, Sc« FH1UIK1CK on rime » Closing C. of C. Topic The Retail Trade Division of Blytheville Chamber of Commerce will meet in City Hal] courthouse at 2:30 P.m. tomorrow to discuss summer closing hours. J. L. Westbrook Is chairman. Up for discussion will be whether the Wednesday afternoon closing of ast summer will be observed this summer. Other projects for the year will be discussed. All retail merchants have been invited to attend. ~PHlLBBICK HONORS STEELE - Herbert PMforiok, of "I Led Three Lives" fame, Is pictured giving a scroll of appreciation to Uudy Yarbrough of the Steele High School band. Bund appeared In (I'hoto by Sanders) Fooled the Doctor CHICAGO I/Pi — Mrs. Maria C. Lindstrom. an immigrant from Sweden, was told by a physician 42 years ago that she had only three months to live. She will celebrate her 103rd birthday Thursday. Weather NORTHEAST ARKANSAS-Con- siclerable cloudiness and warm this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday. Scattered showers and local thunderstorms Tuesday. High this afternoon upper 70s; low tonight to 50s MISSOURI — Fair, mild and windy this afternoon partly cloudy to cloudy tonight and Tuesday; scattered showers and thunderstorms tonight; colder extreme west tonight and over state Tuesday; diminishing winds tonight; low tonight 40s northwest to near SO southeast; high Tuesday 60s north to 60s south. Maximum S(Uurclfiy--fl7. Minimum Sunday—36. Minimum this morning—H. Maximum yesterday—70. Suilrlee tomorrow—8:23. Sunaet todny—.1:37. Mean temperature-«2. . Precipitation 24 hours (7 «.ro. to 7 Precipitation J«n. 1 1° 4«te—1».3». Thli D»te LairYnr Maximum yewterday—55, Minimum thl« mornlnn—75. JM. -1 "> 4»W-l!H.
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