BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 25 Blytheville Courier Blythevillo Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, MONDAY, APRIL 20, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Senators Say Voice' Ineffective Subcommittee Gives Report on Recent Survey By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON (AP) — Voice of America short-wave broadcasts to the free w o r 1 d appears to be ineffective, a Senate foreign relations subcommittee said today in. a report based • on data from American foreign correspondents. The subcommittee, headed by Sen. Hfckenlooper (B-Iowa), said its report Is the result of effort to get the reaction of nonofficial Americans abroad to the government's overseas information program. The group came up with con- cl'tsions drawn from observations submitted during the last six months by 55 U. S. foreign correspondents in 41 countries, none of them behind the Iron Curtain.' Hickenlooper said a similar analysis of reports from American business and religious organizations abroad will be made public shortly. These, he said, are much like the comments of the newsmen. The subcommittee, looking into all aspects of the overseas information program for almost a year, scheduled another public hearing today with former Sen. William Bcnton (D-Conn) as a witness. Benton.had charge of the program as an assistant secretary of state tor two years until September, 1947. The State Department's new Intel national information chief, Robert L. Johnson, announced Saturday he is launching a full-dress rurvey to seek ways of improving it Cecil B. DeMille of movie fame, among others, will help. Need Freer Rein Hlckenlooper's report said one conclusion reached from comments of the correspondents, who were not named, was that infdrmation agencies abroad should be better co ordinated with freer rein given field officers. There was no consensus, it said, "on whether or not information activities should be separated from the Department of State." But Sen. Mansfield (D-Mont). a member of the foreign relations committee although not on Hickenlooper's subcommittee, said he would fight any attempt to pull the information agency out of the State Department. Mansfield said he would also oppose any move to shift Point Four, the program of technical aid for unaerdeveloped areas, from the State Department to the Mutual Security Administration, which handles other foreign aid programs. Wants MSA Abolished Mansfield pressed his suggestion that the Mutual Security Administration, now headed by Harold E. Stassen, be abolished and its operations placed directly under the State Department. The Hickenlooper report paid particular praise to two programs —the exchange of persons and the Information libraries establishd abroad. It said th general feeling among the reporters was that these were successful and should be expanded. As to Voice short-wave broadcasts, the report said: "Reception Is, on the whole, bad. Locally produced radio programs and transcripts from New York often have greater audiences." First 100 UN Prisoners Freed; Another 100 Due Tomorrow 30 Americans WHERE PRISONERS OF WAR RECEIVE FREEDOM — This photo diagram shows the area at Panmunjom, Korea, where prisoners of war exchange is taking place. The Reds deliver United Nations prisoners in the tent at left foreground. from where they are taken to reception center tents before going to Freedom Village. A total of 605 Allied prisoners are to be returned; the Allies will free 5,800 Chinese and North Koreans. (AP Wire- photo) Humphrey Tells Editors: U.S. Not Headed for Depression NEW YORK (AP) — Secretary of the Treasury George M. Humphrey said today the united States is "not headed for depression" whether there is a truce in Korea or even a real peace. "There is no reason to fear peace," he said. In his first address since he took office in the Eisenhower administration, Humphcy outlined a fiscal policy that called for a reduction in taxes when government expenses Tideland Foes Face Long Senate Sessions By HARRISON B. HUMPHRIES WASHINGTON (AP) — A week of 12-hour Senate sessions today faced a determined group of senators opposing a bill to establish state ownership of offshore submerged lands which are rich In oil. Republican Leader Taft of Obio,fr after twice failing to get an agreement to limit debate, called for 12-hour sessions from II a. m. to 11 p.m. daily. Sen. Kefauver (D-Tenn), who v:idr "'v ; -c-: «!'i-!uur s\ x'u Satur day, \vau , prepared to "lead oif ! again today on the 13tti day of i Senate debate on the submerged lands issue. Ti\ft accused foes of the pending bill of filibustering—trying to talk it to death. He said those responsible are delaying the whole Senate legislative-program. Opponents deny they are engaged in a filibuster. They say they are trying to educate the public on a "giveaway" of oil resources worth billions of dollars. In three cases, the Supreme Court has held that the federal government has paramount rights over the submerged lands, often mistakenly called tidelands. The Senate bill would giue title to the 36 Men Off For Service They left ^I».c| ••* Morning for Induch'on Storms Boost Red Cross Need For Contributions With more than 500 homes destroyed and damaged in Northeast Arkansas as a result of tornadic winds, Chickasawba District Red Cross Fund Chairman H. A. Porter today urged workers to redouble efforts in getting the chapter to Its 818,000 goal. Mr. Porter pointed out that Red Cross workers have been on the job in the • stricken areas since Saturday, much as they were In the Judsonia and Manila areas last year. As of now, the current fund drive has reached the $11.000 mark, where It has almost stalled. Mr. Porter asked that "division chairman complete their assignments as quickly as possible. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Chicks tnUr Poplar Bluff relays tomorrow . . . First week brings surprise in majors . . Sports K , , Pa/te 8 , . . Yoshidt fails to win majority In Japan . . . Page 3 , . ,.. Society news .. . Page t.. * . . , Markets . . . Fast 14 ... , , . Calf show points out cotton problem solution . . . editorials . . . readers' views on sewer pro* POM I . . , Pate t . . , stales within their historic boundaries—three miles offshore, in most cases, 10!/ 2 miles on the gulf coasts of Florida and Texas. Minor Bills In House In the House, meanwhile, minor bills were called up for action today. Tomorrow and Wednesday the House will debate the first big money bill of the year. A fight is expected over the appropriations committee's recommendation to wipe out the public housing program. Later in the week, House leaders plan to call up a bill which would end all federal rent controls, except in the most critical defense areas, on April 30. President Eisenhower has asked an extension until Oct, 30. Taft ordered the long Senate sessions this week in an effort to get a vote on the submerged lands bill by Friday. Mississippi County Draft Board sent 36 men for induction into the Armed forces today. Miss Rosa Saliba, secretary of the board, has announced. Of the call for 42 men, 29 reported nyd three failed to report Four volunteered, one delinquent reported, 10 transferred to other boards, one transferred here from another board and one reported who had tailed to do 50 previously. The next calJ, scheduled for May 7, is for a group of 25 men for physical examinations. Those leaving today were: James B. Westbrook, Wade O'Neal Reeves, Billy Ray Brothers, Billy Eugene Northcutt, Earnest Eugene Hubbard, Johnny Dee Smith, Robert Louis Deaeon .kellon Dewayne Eversole, Richard Leon Price, George Riddle, Jr., all of Blytheville; Elmer EUis McNabb, William John West, Thomas Gordon Boyles, all of Wilson; Herbert Eugene McVay, Clois James S m i t h e y, Brinard. Leo Chrestman. all of Dyess; William Edward Counts, Crescendo Carbo- jal, both of EUnvah. Richard Sh:rvick CbiMs, Keiser; John Wiljiam Reeves, Joiner; William George Rayder, Woodrow 'are under control." * His address was for more than 1,000 editors and publishers attending; the annual lunciieon of members of the Associated Press, worldwide news gathering cooperative, at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. "Taxes must come down," he said, "It's simply a matter of timing geared to reduction of expense. Both are too high and both must be reduced. "The reduction of taxes, moreover, is one of the best guarantees we have against the fear of depression, in the event that peace makes possible curtailment of government defense spending." Humphrey said any fear of a depression if defense spending is reduced is unjustified. He said the nation's industrial plant "is already geared to increased civilian production." "We ore; not going to have a depression in America whether \ve have an armistice, a real pence, or continue to develop a proper and balanced posture of defense," he said in his prepared address. "There is no reason for a depres- , sion unless we fail ourselves to do fclrc things we ought to do and lack (In- courage and foresight to do U.N. Troops Tell Of Reds' Attempt To Convert Them Some Say Treatment 'Fairly Well' but Propaganda Strong By ROBERT EUNSON FREEDOM VILLAGE, Korea (AP)' — Americans and fellow United Nations soldiers freed today from Communist prison stockades said the Reds treated them fairly well — particularly after the truce negotiations began — but did try to convert them to communism. All agreed it was wonderful to be free. Lt. Roy M. Jones, Minneapolis, Minn., said Communist treatment was "unbelievably poor" before the truce talks began, but the quality improved somewhat and varied with the ups and downs of the negotiations. Pfc. Raymond H. Medina of the Bronx, N. Y., summed up the thoughts of most returning prisoners when he said simply: : "I'll be glad to be home." Cpl. James Lee Pinkston, Salisbury, N. C., said the Reds told the prisoners Allied troops had waged geim warfare in Korea and "some believed it." Pinkston said the Reds showed "no partiality" to prisoners who seemed favorable toward propaganda. Many of the 30 Americans and other U.N. troops willingly faced a battery of newsmen photographers and television cameras on their arrival in this tent city, first stop on the road home. Jones, a 1st Cavalry Division veteran who was captured in the winter of 1950, saiU, "The treatment prior to the peace negotiations, Sec U N TROOPS on Page 14 Here's List of Freed U.S. POWs FREEDOM VILLAGE, Korea (AP) — These Americans were received In an exchange of sick and wounded prisoners with the Communists at Panmunjom today: Pvt. Carl W. Kirchenhausen, 214 1 Audubon Ave., New York City— the first American across the, line. M. Sgt. John T. Porter, RA3826- 545, Lecomte, La. Wife Mrs. Margaret Porter, Box 101, Lecomte. (Listed in available O. S. lists as also from Bordentown, N. J-, and Baltimore, Md). Pfc. Robert C. Stell, RA13271723, Baltimore, Md., Mother: Mrs. Loula Stell, 141 N. Exter St., Baltimore Md. Cpl. Vernon L. Warren, RA1723- 176, St. Louis, Mo., Mother: Mrs, Riller Warren, 4037 Labadie Ave., St. Louis. Pvt. Antonio Matos-Rodriguez, US50115073, Santurce, Puerto Rico. Cpl. Richard O. Morrison, RA- 17255458, Burlington, la. Mother: Mrs. Dorothy E. Morrison, 1001 S. Fifth St., Burlington. Pvt. Robert F. Phllpot. RA14355- 426, Hogansville, Go. Father: Thomas Floyd Philpot, Route 3, Hogansville. Pfc. Almond L. Nolan, RA12115- 667, Rexville, M. Y. Mother: :Mrs. Lowell Nolan, Route 1, Rexville. Cpl. Theodore Jackson, RA38416- 335, Palestine, Tex. Mother: Mrs. Maggie Davison, RPD Box 212, Palestine. Pfc. David W. Ludlum, RA19361- 682, Pt. Wayne, Ind. Sister: Ruth C. Pidler, 2326 Gay St,, Pt. Wayne. Pfc", Raymond II. Medina RA- 10407003, Bronx. N. Y. Next of kin: Esperanza Medina, 050 163rd St., Bronx. Cpl. Kenyon L Wagner, RA162Q- 1949, Detroit, Father: Louis Peter Wagner, 4353 Dickerson Ave. Detroit. Pfc. Donald K. LeQay, RA.11H1- 886, Leomlnister, Mass. Mother: Mrs. Hazel E. LeOay, 117 Hall St.. Leominister. Cpl. James Lee Pinkston, RA- 14310890. Salisblirg, N. C. Mother: See POW LIST on Page 1* On Surface, Freed U.N. POWsAppearedWeil By GEORGE McARTHUR FREEDOM VILLAGE, Korea (AP) — Allied soldiers freed today by the Communists brought with them fears acquired during captivity and the knowledge that close friends remain behind. On the surface the men appeared well. There were few litter case among the 50 United Nations re turnces. Many had amazingly minor all merits and some wondered why the had been selected when more serl ously wounded men remained be hind—perhaps to come south later and perhaps not. The men did not know, Their,burdens were starkly out lined more by what was left un snid than by the returning pris oners' statements to newsmen. On mnn was near tenrs with happl Will He Readjustments "There will be readjustments, ol course. There are always readjustments taking place in any active economy, sometimes to the advantage or detriment of one group nnd sometimes.to another. But depression, no. We cannot preserve our way of life through another long, deep depression and we must never permit it to occur." Declaring the nation must preserve its economic strength, Humphrey said: "We must not forget that our way of life is threatened, not from one, but from two sources at the eame time. It can be lost just as completely by economic deterioration from Within as by aggression from without." "Peace is what we all want, 1 ' he *ald. "It is nothing to fear, nor is there any reason for depression. SACB Brands U.S. Red Party 'Puppet of USSR' WASHINGTON (AP) — A government board today branded the U. S. Communist party as "a subsidiary and puppet of the Soviet Union" and ordered the party to bare its membership lists and give a financial accounting. Adjustments, yes. But not depres. ...„ . Rabey, Thomas Richard Meacham, sion. So Ion? as we maintain the [ a year or more \ Donald Rogers, Bobby Presley Horn, j soundness of our money; attain preme Court has U Harold A. Nail, all of Manila; Billy] that nice balance between acniev- Byrd Langston, William . Howard j nig security from aggression and Griffin, Franklin R. Whitaker, John j maintaining economic strength* Oliver Staggs, alllot O^ajla; James j eliminate waste and handle our Ms- Tne board wns established by WesIeyBeasley.Cicero.nl.; Charles | cal affairs with wisdom, America | that act flnd authorl7 .ed to deter ONeal Nelson, Huffman; Don W.lcan look forward to good jobs at i mine The order is subject to review by the courts. The four present members of the Subversive Activities Control Board (SACB) agreed unanimously that the party "is substantially directed, dominated and controlled" by Moscow. The party, the board, said, "operates prirnarly to advance -the objectives" of a Russian-directed world Communist movement. The board's order was issued almost 19 months after former Atty. Gen. J. Howard McGrath started p. registration proceeding against the party. May Take Year Indications are that It will be before the Su- ic final say on constitutionality of the 1952 Internal Security (McCarran) Act under which the board acted. The Brinn. Charles Robert Ellis, both of See DRAFT on Page M good pay and real advances in our See IlUMl'llllEY on Page 14 Opinion Poll Shows: Sewer Opposition Still Leads Opposition to any sewer improvements of any kind continued to lead today as the second, week of the Courier News' opinion poll on a proposed revenue bond Issue for a new city-wide system began. By noon today, a total of 157 ballots had been returned. Of these, 70 showed that the persons marking them not only were against a proposed $1,300.000 bond issue to finance a new system, but also were opposed to any sewer finance plan of any kind. A total of 64 persons expressed themselves in favor of the revenue bond Issue, which would be retired by assessing each use!" a sewer charge based on his average wintertime water consump-, tlon. This charge has been estimated to run about 75 per cent of a user's water bill In now- sewered areas and , 100 per cent ol the bill In un-sewered portions of the city. Twenty-three persons have voted against the revenue bond plan hut expressed themselves as favoring some other sewer finance proposal. Percentagewise, results to dal« .Mark and send this ballot to The Courier News Indicate your feelings in regard to solution of Blytheville's sewer problem by voting "for" or "against" — A proposal to issue $1, 300,000 in revenue bonds to finance construction of a city-wide sewer system, with these bonds to be retired by assessing eaoh user a sewer charge based on his average wintertime \*.ier consumption: FOR ............................................................ Q AGAINST .................................................. O Any type of sewer finance plan — bearing in mind that all workable plans for the system Blytheville needs will cost you something: whethL'r any ' organizations were directed from abroad and thus, under the act's terms, forced to register with the attorney general and disclose the names of their members and financial details. Attorneys for the Communist i party — former Rep. Vito Marcan- I tonio, John J. Abt and Joseph Forer — served notice In advance of the decision that they would ask the courts to declare the law Illegal. FOR AGAINST show 44.6 per cent opposed to any sewer improvements, 40.8 per cent in favor of the revenue bond plan, and 14.8 per cent against the bond proposal but favoring some other plan. Tho opinion poll ballot will con- tinue to be published by the Courier News for the remainder of this week. The poll will end with Saturday's edition since It Is believed that all who Intend to express themselves will have done so by then. Cotton Carnival Goodwill Tour Makes Stop Here The Memphis Cotton Carnivel good will tour rolled Into Elythe- ville shortly before noon today for a brief appearance on Second Street between Main and Walnut and for a luncheon at Hotel Noble. The bus carrying representatives of the cotton festival to be held In Memphis May 12-16. was met on Main Street by the Blytheville High School hand and escorted to the location beside City Hull where the king .and queen ol the carnival, William W. Robinson. Jr., and Miss Mary Abbay Joyner, were Introduced and speeches were made by members ol the troupe. The dress-making contest for Blytheville Hlsh School home economics students was delayed un' til the luncheon. , Contracts Due This Week for OsceoSa Factory OSCEOLA — Contracts for cmv struction of Crompton Company'; corduroy finishing plant here are scheduled to be let Wednesday anc Thursday, according to Mayor Ben F. Butler. Company officials Jiave announced that construction will get under way this summer. To cost about $5,000,000 the factory will be known as the Frank E Richmond Plant of flip Osceola Finishing Co. The plant is expected employ more than 500 persons. Another Storm Victim Dies NEWPORT m—A vicious windstorm that lashed through North Arkansas Snturday clnimed its second fatality Inday. Four-months-okl Willie Block J... of Waldenbtirg died in Harris Hospital here early this morning. Weather ARKANSAS—Fair and continued rather cold this afternon and tonight. Lowest tonight 30 to 38 With frost in east portion. Increasing cloudiness and slightly warmer Tuesday, Rain .southwest portion by night. MISSOURI — Fair and not quiet so cold to day and tonight; Tuesday partly cloudy and warmer; low tonight in upper 30s; high tomorrow in 60s. Moxlrmtrri Saturday—-48. Minimum yesterday—31, Minimum this morning—33. Maximum yesterday—(>0. Sunrise tomorrow—5:21. Sunset toclfiy—6:36. Prcclp. 48 noun* to T a.m.—Nono. Prrtclp. Blncc Jan 1 — 18.70. Menn tern pern tn re (midway between h)Kh nncl low)—47.5. Normal and inenn /or April—61. This Oalc Last Year Minimum this mornliiK--62. Maximum yesterday- fi2. Preclp. ;an. 1 lo dato—10.69. nrss at seeing free Americans ,ngain. But when he was asked If he felt any bitterness toward the men who held him prisoner for more than two years he would say on'y; "I would rather not answer that." Many of the men In the tension of first returning told conflicting stories of fife at the same camp. Many displayed in slight mannerisms more than their words told. Some involuntarily kept referring lo the Chinese peoples volunteers and the Korean peoples army rather than the natural way of culling them simply the Chinese and North Koreans. The men left behind in Red captivity loomed mnny times in the long tent where the returning pris- orers were free for the first time to say what they pleased. In quiet and polite words they related their .stories. Some told of Indoctrination and others of propaganda and inadequate housing, clothing, and medical care. Only Few Outspoken Only a small handful were outspoken in their criticism of the Ucds. Even these 'avoided language tnat might be expected of a man tui-ned bitter by long months ot captivity in an unfamiliar land. At the exchange point ol Pan- nvmjom, where the Communists- were still present, there was little jubilation. The men were handed over quietly for the most part and boarded the ambulances smiling but not laughing. At Freedom Village, with the Communists far behind, some men emerged from the ambulances with laughter, broad smiles and obvious joy at being home. Of the 30 Americans, more than 20 consented to be interviewed. They had the option of keeping quiet. This was an indication that the men had something I Sl Are Included in First Exchange Health of All Appeared Good; Truce Talks To Resume Saturday By ROBERT TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM, Korea (AP) — One hundred disabled Allied prisoners, some weeping silently, came down Freedom Road today in an historic exchange for 500 glum Communist sick and wounded of the Korean War. The trade, first clear break in long-deadlocked truce talks, could be the prelude to an armistice in the 34-month-old war. The talks, suspended last October, resume Saturday. The blue-clad Allied prisoners 'included 30 Americans, 12 British, 50 South Koreans, 4 Turks and 1 each from Canada, South Africa, Greece and the Philippines. Another 100 return tomorrow— 35 Americans, 12 British, 3 Turks, and 50 South Koreans, , the Reds said today. In all, 605 Allied sick and wounded are being traded for 5,800 Reds. Those crossing today appeared to be in fair health and well fed. None mentioned unusually harsh treatment In the North Korean prison camps, where some had been since 1050, the first year of the War. But one officer eald treatment was "unbelievably poor" before the truce negotiations began, then picked up materially. Four came back on stretchers; others walked or hobbled on crutches. Dramatic Scene It was a solemn, dramatic scene as the sun burst through clouded skies in midmorning. The returning prisoners grinned or wept or remained stolid, each man to his own feelings. Sounds of battle from a nearby fight echoed over this ancient village. Many said the Reds tried to win them to. communism, but there was no outward Indication of success. One prisoner said "they showed us photos" on germ warfare. Red charges that the U. N. forces used germ warfare have been vigorously denied by the United Nations Command and Washington. "Some believed it," added another. Cpl. Kenyon Wagner of Detroit, Mich., a tuberculosis patient, said Allied soldiers were "exposed to Communist literature and study was encouraged." Asked if any had turned Communist, Wagner replied: "I could not say." Wagner said he was given "tho whole works" in medical treatment including modern drugs. He said one of the Red doctors was trained in Detroit. Pfc. Almond L. Nolan of Rexville, N. Y., a captive since December, 1950, said: "Treatment up there wasn't too bad ... I believe we got the best they could do although the first .vinter was pretty rough." Some prisoners said they had Russians in North Korea, but to say and wanted to talk. None displayed obvious learning toward Communism. Yet almost all told of Communist indoctrination classes and lectures that they believed had swayed "a few" United Nations soldiers'in the Red camps. It appeared that the men were walking a line between endangering their comrades in Red camps while telling of bitter experiences of imprisonment. Some Told of Russians Some of the returning prisoners spoke guardedly of seeing some Russian civilians in North Korea. A Turkish prisoner said one of the others said they had seen none. War Action Idles as POWs Are Exchanged By FORREST EDWARDS SEOUL I/PI — Fighting along the 155-mile Korean battlefront sputtered briefly then all but died out today as the warring armies interpreters who gave the Turks I swapped disabled prisoners at Pan- indoctrination lectures was a Rus- munjom. Aside from a few patrol contacts the Reds threw only three light probing attacks against Allied forward positions, the Eighth Army sum. The picture painted by each individual added up to: 1 The Communists tried hard before the armistice talks started o Indoctrinate Allied personnel but shifted to more indirect methods with few novels. 2. In the first bitter year of the war Communist prison camps and " :cilities were cruelly Inadequate but since improved, although in he past year the camps have sometimes "toughened" when the armistice talks at Panmunjom ave slowed. 3. The United Nations soldier is mllkely to be swayed by Red iropaganda. Tories Transferred BONN, Germany (#>)— The U. S. Ugh Commission confirmed today hat the State Department, has, ordered the transfer from Germany r veteran career diplomat John P. Davles, Jr. said. Murky weather grounded most U. N, warplanes today following Sunday's mammoth assault against Communist front-line positions. The Fifth Air Force oalled It the biggest close-support effort In six months. More than 225 Jet and propeller- driven fighter-bombers dropped fire and explosives on the Bed lines from dawn to dusk, concentrating on the Western Front. There was a brief air alert In the Seoul area Sunday night when three to five Red planes circled Ihe big west coast port of Inchon and Klmpo Airfield. No bombs were dropped. The Navy announced that a shell from a Red shore battery south ot Wonsan hit the main deck of tha U. S. destroyer Kycs Sunday, causing only superficial damage.
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