The Dispatch from Moline, Illinois on May 7, 1945 · 1
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The Dispatch from Moline, Illinois · 1

Moline, Illinois
Issue Date:
Monday, May 7, 1945
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THE HOME PAPER MO LINE I) ABLY DISPATCH BACK THE ATTACK r'7'T,Il V1T A r Entetea a 3d elasa matter at postofflre. Molina 111., under act of March 3. 1879. MOLINE, ILLINOIS, MQNDAY EVENING, MAY 7, 19 15. THIRTY PAGES. PRICE FIVE CENTS t' EZI3 a Jl 11 ; 4 yf;i BY Moliiie Welcomes 4V-E' But Not 'Wildly;' Most Industry, Stores Close Plan to Be Open Tomorrow Because of Observance Held Today. Though the observance in Moline and other quad-city area communities today' of V-E day apparently was semi-official, stores, taverns, factories, schools, etc., which closed today will operate as usual tomorrow, it was an nounced by store, industrial and school officials. By JACK THOMPSON. Hilarity and wild celebration which swept through Moline with the Announcement of the signing cf the armistice in 1918 were replaced with more of a spirit of thankfulness and calmness this morning when word apparently was prematurely flashed that all German fighting forces in Europe had surrendered unconditionally to the Allies. This was due in a large measure to the fact that this time cessation cf fighting in Europe has been expected for days, thus imbuing Moline residents, especially those with tin righting there, with a spirit cif gratefulness rather than stun- r-ir.r them with surprise. Then, too President Truman had asked Americans to observe V-E day as a cay of thanksgiving rather than cne for celebration. Thousands Leave Jobs. Thousands of workmen Cand won-, en in quad-city industrial plants began leaving their jobs when they heard the whistles blow, though in most or all instances manage ment tried to keep them at their .Job? in keeping with the request cr President Truman. A: 10:15 this morning it was an nounced at the general offices of Deere & Co. that the plants and of fice5 were closing for the remainder c: the cay. This action was taken, it was said, because only skeleton crews cf workmen were left in the plants. The shops will operate as usal tomorrow morning. rere sc Co. officials said their factories would not operate tomorrow :f a national holiday is called by the president. At the Farmall and East Moline works of International Harvester Co . re-vpcctively, 80 to 85 percent ci ;; workers had left the plants by 10 this morning. Practically all had :eft at the Minneapolis-Moline Power Implement Co. plant and ether factories in the area. The large implement manufacturing Continued on Page Two) TWO B-29s LOST. W A S H I N G T O N (INS) Twentieth air force headquarters today disclosed the loss of two B-29 Super Fortresses to Jap fighter planes over two of the four Kyushu air fields raided yesterday. "Excellent results" were reported in the attack. The targets were the fields at Kanoya, Ibusuki, Oita and Usa, take-off points for suicide bombers aimed at Okinawa forces. Air Fleet Wrecks 20 Jap Ships Weaklier A VJisc WC.FI BEFORE fcV COOLER. Government forecast for Moline and vicinity: Cloudy and much cooler with strong winds tonight; Tuesday, partly cloudy and continued cooL By United Press. American land-based navy planes wrecked more than 20 Japanese ves sels in daring weekend strikes in the enemy's home waters and Super Fortresses blasted again today at suicide-plane bases on the home is land of Kyushu. The navy bombers definitely ank four ships, including two large oilers, and heavily damaged 16 cargo craft in low-level sweeps over Tsushima and Korea straits, between Korea and Kyushu, and in the Yellow sea off western Korea. A fleet of 50 B-29's attacked four airfields on Kyushu and early reports said "good results" were obtained. Fight Toward Oilfields. On Tarakan island off Borneo, Australian and Dutch troops were battling today toward the rich Paomesian oil fields after seizing a key hill position in the center of Tarakan city. The oil fields already were burning from Japanese demolitions or shells from Allied destroyers which have been bombarding enemy positions ceaselessly. Two other Australian columns captured the island's airfield, three miles north of the city. Bombard Okinawa. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz an-niunced that heavy Pacific fleet units, with carrier and land-based planes, were continuing the bom bardment of Okinawa but his com munique gave no further report of the 10t.h army drive north toward Naha. the capital. A front dispatch disclosed that the Americans killed 3000 Japanese Thursday night and Friday when the enemy attempted its first major counter-attack since the Okinawa landing. The assault was completely repulsed by massed army, marine and naval guns. British Shell Island. A British Pacific fleet task force bombarded air fields on Miyako is land in the Sakishimas, 180 miles .southwest of Okinawa, destroying at least 18 enemy planes. Japanese suicide planes attacked American forces at Okinawa again yesterday and damaged one light fleet unit. Four of the enemy planes were sihot down. A Japanese communique claimed its suicide planes sank 15 U. S. war ships in the first six days of the month. Philippines-based bombers and fighters continued attacks on Bor neo's airfields and shipping in support of the Tarakan campaign. Five freighters, a river steamer and a number of smaller craft were sunk. Other planes attacked a naval arsenal and fuel depot at Saigon, French Indo-China. General Douglas Mac Arthur announced that during the past week 11.028 Japanese had been killed and 462 captured through the Philippines. American casualties for the period were 391 killed and 1323 wounded. Chinese forces in western Hunan province have shattered the left wing of a Japanese drive toward the American air base city of Chih-kiang, a communique said today. X f - i -i U 1 j X - ' . A til tJV',. ' ' - : . 1 -'. . Jr ! 1 I k ! J , ywfwii,iimi aim,- , " - j I 1 1 I1 1 I H S ' ' r ' . t rVilli If If vi; ' -:Jr-: . w 't JrS n I LI 0" !- fat,- . f - V!-;; i r, . ?1 "s ' ,' I! , v-' " -, t ? -VtiV 1 y- s f -z " ' - - " , . . v .--x ' - i , yr. NEW YORK CITY OFF TO EARLY CELEBRATION First reports today of the end of the war in Europe set off premature showers of scrap paper and ticker tape from New York City skyscrapers. Here is the scene in the garment district, Thirty-fifth street between Seventh and Eighth avenues. (Acme telephoto.) General Believed Hurt on July 20 Signs Surrender By the Associated Press. Col. Gen. Gustav Jodl who signed the unconditional surrender for Ger many apparently is the same Gen Alfred Jodl who was wounded last July 20 in the attempted assassina tion of Adolf Hitler. The surrender dispatch said Jodl was the new German army chief of staff. Precisely when he became chief of staff was not clear. Col. XJen Heinz Guderian had occupied that position until the closing days of the siege of Berlin. His GUSTAV JODL fate and where. abouts have not been reported since Berlin fell. On March 17, Jodl inspected the Bavarian redoubt where the nazis had hoped to make their last stand. Back in 1942, Jodl was reported to have been Hitler's personal aide. He attended many of the Hitler-Mussolini war conferences early in the conflict and was mentioned late in 1942 as a possible successor to Marshal von Brauchitsch, commander of the German armies. He was chief of the German armed services guidance staff early in 1943 and the following year assumed a command on the Russian front. I - US ' . ! ft I j 72,000 EASTERN MINERS DEFY BACK-T0-J0B EDICT PROTESTS SUSPENSION. RALEIGH, N. C (JP) Jose-phus Daniels, publisher of the News and Observer, protested to President Truman today the reported suspension of Associated Press' filing privileges from Paris. Daniels, a former ambassador to Mexico, was secretary of the navy during World waT I. He telegraphed the president: "I have just seen a report that the Associated Press facilities have been suspended in Paris. In 1918 when the United Press sent a cable from Brest which caused a premature celebration of Armistice day, I was asked to recommend action against Howard (Roy Howard, of the UP sent the cable.) I declined, saying that any good newspaper man would have been justified in what Howard did. I can see no justification for suspending the Associated Press. Sincere regards." t WILKES - BARRE. PA. (JP) Pennsylvania's 72,000 anthracite miners defied the government's orders to return to work today at 363 operations which were seized last Thursday by Secretary of Interior Ickes under presidential direction. Worker Controls Will Be Relaxed, WMC Announces WASHINGTON (UP) Soon af ter V-E day the 48-hour week will be suspended in plants and areas where the labor market has "loos ened up." it was learned today from the war manpower commission. At the same time WMC will prob ably lift controls on workers who are "frozen" to their present jobs. Already such controls have been lifted on women workers in northern Indiana and other scattered areas throughout the country. It is expected that within the next six months 1,500,000 war workers will be forced out of war jobs because of cut-backs in war production programs. During the same time WMC anticipates 900,000 war veterans will join the labor force. Fiorello Won't Run; Says He Could Win 'On Laundry Ticket' NEW YORK (UP) Fiorello H. LaGuardia, mayor of the nation's largest city for twelve years, will not run for a fourth term this fall. LaGuardia announced yesterday In his weekly radio talk over the city-owned station that, "I am not going to run for mayor this year," and said he did not want to be nominated by the republican party or the American labor party. The fiery New York mayor, now 62, said he believes that high elective offices should be rotated, but he urged New York voters to elect a man who would maintain an administration free from corruption. LaGuardia said if he wanted to run he wouldn't need any party backing. He said he could "run on a laundry ticket" next November and win hands down. "I can lick any combination of political parties but I can't beat a combination of political parties, the state legislature and state courts," LaGuardia said. T ritisli to Celebrate D ues day; ltMlllftlllHlllltlll' A'o Extra was pub- United today by the Dis- paielt because: If There was no official announcement of V-E day. Supreme headquarters did not authorize stories of German surrender. And the Dispatch did not w-ish to take chances on reports being false. illllltlltllKIMItllllHIIMUII,-: ay ay Associated Press Service Suspended WASHINGTON (UP) President Truman said today that he was withholding any announcement in reference to the surrender of enemy forces in Europe until arrangements could be completed for a simultaneous statement here, in London and in Moscow. "I have agreed with the London and Moscow governments,' he aidf 'that I will make no announcement with reference to the surrender of the enemy forces in Europe or elsewhere until a simultaneous statement can be made by the three governments. "Until then, there is nothing I can or will say to you." The president's statement was directed to the crowd of press and radio reporters that besieged the white house for news. Jonathan Daniels, white house press secretary who released Mr. Truman's statement, would not comment on the announcement by the British ministry of information that tomorrow would be treated as V-E day in Britain with Prime Minister Churchill speaking to the British public at 8 a. m. (C.W.T.,) tomorrow. PARIS (UP) Allied Supreme headquarters announced today that the filing facilities of the Associated Press had been suspended throughout the en tire European theater of operations. Earlier an announcement was made that the A.P. s filing privileges at SHAEF had been suspended. (A.P. headquarters in New York said they had no immediate statement to make.) LONDON (AP) The British ministry of information announced that tomorrow will be treated as V-E day. The ministry said officially that, "in accordance with arrangements be tween the three great powers, the prime minister will make an official announce ment at 3 p. m., British double summer time, (8 a. m., Central War Time), tomorrow, the 8th of May." The announcement said that the prime minister "will broadcast at 3 p. m. and his majesty, the king, will broadcast to the peoples of the British empire and the commonwealth tomorrow at 9 p. m., British double summer time (2 p. m. C. W. T.)" "In view of this fact," the announcement said, tomorrow will be a pub lic holiday and the day after, Wednesday, will also be regarded as a holiday." Parliament will meet at the usual time tomorrow. News of the surrender came in an Associated Press dispatch from Reims, at 8:35 a. m., Central War Time, and immediately set the church bells tolling in Rome and elsewhere. In the hour before the news from Reims, German broadcasts told the German people that Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz had ordered capitulation of all fighting forces, and called off U-boat warfare. Joy at the news was tempered only by the realization that the war against Japan remains to be resolved, with many casualties still ahead. The end of the European warfare, greatest, bloodiest and costliest war in human history it has claimed at least 40,000,000 casualties on both sides in killed, wounded, and captured came after five years, eight months, and six i days of strife that overspread the globe. Hitler s arrogant armies invaded Poland on Sept. 1, 1939, beginning the agony that convulsed the world for 2076 days. Unconditional surrender of the beaten remnants of his legions first was announced by the Germans. The historic news began breaking with a Danish broadcast that Norway had been .surrendered unconditionally by its conquerors. Then the new German foreign minister, Ludwig Schwcrin Von Krosigk, announced to the German people, shortly after 2 p. m. (7 a. m. central war time), that "after almost six years' struggle we have succumbed." Von Krosigk announced Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz had "ordered the unconditional surrender of all fighting German troops." Associated Press Flashes News. The world waited tensely. Then at 8:35 a. m., C.W.T., came the Associated Press flash from Reims, France, telling of the signing at General Eisenhower's headquarters of the unconditional surrender at 2:41 a. m. French time (7:41 a. m. C.W.T.) Germany had given up to the Western Allies and to Russia. London went wild at the news. Crowds jammed Piccadilly circus. Smiling throngs poured out of subways and lined the streets. (Cheers went up in New York, too, and papers showered down from skyscrapers.) A sour note came from the German-controlled radio at Prague. A broadcast monitored by the Czechoslovak government offices in London said the German commander in Czechoslovakia did not recognize the surrender of Admiral Doenitz and would fight on until his forces "have secured free passage for German troops out of the country." Put the Prague radio earlier announced the capitulation of Breslau, long besieged by Russian forces. The B.B.C. said telephone conversations were going on between London. Washington and Moscow in order to fix the exact hour of the V-E day announcement by President Truman. Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin. German Announcement. An announcement on the wavelength of the Flensburg, radio, which has been carrying German communiques and orders for several days, paid: "German men and women! The high command of the armed forces ha today, at the order of Grand Admiral Doenitz, declared the unconditional surrender of all fighting German troops." The announcement was attributed to the new German foreign minister, Count Schwerin Von Krosigk. Crowds gathered in the fiag-(Cootlnued on Fag Two) 4 i

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