The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 17, 1953 · Page 1
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 1

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Friday, April 17, 1953
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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS VOL. XLIX—NO. 23 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Daily Newt Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OF NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOOTHBAST MISSOURI BLXTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, FRIDAY, APRIL 17, 1953 Nation's Editors Are Told:/All Tax CutsArerTtComing' Treasury Chiefs Say 1953 Deficit- Will Be Bigger than Anticipated WASHINGTON (AP) — Treasury chiefs told the nation's editors today that this year's deficit will be bigger than anticipated and taxpayers "cannot expect" all the business and income tax cuts scheduled over the next year. •— •+ Secretary of the Treasury Hum- 53 More Greek Ships to Boycott Far East Reds McCarthy Announces New Agreements; 295 Are Still 'Free' By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON I/Pi— Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) announced today that operators have pledged to keep 53 more Greek-owned ships out of , ~"V7=7,'J u "" i "" a mn trade with Communists in the ori- f ° le < ASNE nght behlnd John »nt anrf hohinrt n,n T™,, i-",,,.!.;., A - Hannah, assistant secretary of phrey presented his top "team" to the American Society of Newspaper Editors in session here. The team had bad news as the reply to some of the editors' questions. Undersecretary Marion B. Folsom reported that the deficit will be "somewhat larger" than the $5.800,000,000 estimated by former President Truman for the year ending June 30, because tax collections are smaller. . Pointing out that the series of tax reductions scheduled by Congress between July ] and next April would cost the government eight billion dollars in revenue, Folsom said: "You cannot expect all these reductions to come on as scheduled, unless there is a very sharp reduction in spending." The Treasury officials came be- TWELVE PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS U.N. and Communists to Discuss Truce Talks Resumption Sunday s j ent and behind the Iron Curtain. In a prepared statement, M Carthy said the pledge is simila to an earlier one, covering 24 Greek ships, which stirred up controversy. Like the first, McCarthy sai- the new agreement calls for 'th " owners and agents to "abstai from engaging these ships in trad with Red China, the Soviet con trolled ports of the Far East, „ Soviet intra-bloc trade anywhere i the world." The agreements leave all 29 ships free, however, to carry cai goes from the Western Allies Communist ports in Europe. When he announced the firs agreement March 28, McCarth said it was "negotiated" by hi investigations subcommittee staff In the subsequent dispute, Mutua Security Director Harold E. stas sen accused McCarthy of hamper Ing efforts to curb East-West trade Secretary of State Dulles said such actions in the future. This time, McCarthy said, Dul les was told of the pledge befori It was announced. On March. 28 McCarthy said he had acted with out consulting Dulles or other gov eminent officials because he want cd no interference with his plans. McCarthy named these firms and individuals as controlling the 51 vessels involved in his announce ment today; Extramar Panama, S. A.. Com pania de Vapore, Siram, S. A. and Compania Centauro de Va pores, S. A., of Panama. Aristotle S. Onassis of London; Marls S. Embiricos of Monteviedo Uruguay; Nautilus Shipping Corp! of New York City: Shipping Finance Management Corp., Ltd., of London: Falaise Shipping Company of London, and E. Hadjilias of Athens. Greece. "The individuals and firms who control the chartering of 31 of the vessels covered in the latest agreements are members of the Greek ship owners London committee," the statement said, without listing them. McCarthy has blamed Stassen's criticism of his moves in the first agreement which covered a New York group, for announced reluctance of Greek ship owners in London to sign the pledge. He told a news conference Tuesday he hoped Dulles would speak out anew in an effort to reassure the London Greeks that the D. S. See SHIPS on Page 12 COMMUNIST rows AWAIT THE MOVE — Communist prisoners of war sit amidst duffel bags at Camp No. 1 on Koje Island as they wait to be moved to the Korean mainland on first stage of a trip that will take them to Panmunjom and exchange. These men are among the sick and wounded prisoners which UN and Communist forces have agreed to exchange starting April 20. (US. Army photo via radio and AP Wirephofo) defense, who said substantial cuts can be made In military spending -'without sacrificing any defense strength." Bond Issue Success Randolph Burgess, deputy to the secretary, announced that the Treasury's recent billion dollar, long-term bond issue was a thumping success. He described it as a "non - inflationary" operation. "The issue is over the top," Burgess said. "It has been several times oversubscribed." Making it clear he spoke for Secretary Wilson and Deputy Secretary Roger Kyes, Hannah said those "preeminent" production authorities have "definite ideas for reducing expenditures and making intelligent savings." In remarks prepared for the annual meeting of the American Society of Newspaper Editors (ASNE) Hannah outlined as basic factors in the defense planning of the new administration: 1. Military programs will be constantly re-examined as the world situation changes; 2. Business procedures will be applied to obtain better integration of the many parts which make up he defense machine; 3. There win oe some modifica- ion of the former policy which called for the expansion of the na- ion's industrial arms base, beyond iresent needs for Korea, and with he idea that it could be put into ull production in the event of Vorld War III. Hannah did not go into detail on his point, which has stirred some ontroversy. The idea of bu.ilding broad "mobilization base" origin- ted in. the Office of Defense Mobil- zation in the Truman administra- on. A Broad Wedge Hannah pictured the nation's mil- ary strength as a broad wedge, •ith combat troops forming the utting edge and industrial produc- on as the broad base. "Civilians lust rely heavily" on military udgment in d e t e r m i n i n g the trength of the cutting edge, he aid, but "we cannot take their equests without question." Hannah, assistant secretary for lanpower. said the administration ould ask Congress next year to xtend selective service, which ex- res June 30, 1955, and to con- nue the draft of medical officers beyond the expiration date next See EDITORS on Page 13 Federal Housing Program Halted Appropriations Committee Cuts Deeply into 1954 Budget Requests WASHINGTON- (AP) — The House Appropriations Committee today ordered a halt to the government's low-rent housing program as it cut deeply into the 1954 budget requests of 23 federal agencies. Its action, if sustained by Con-*. gress, also would start getting the government out. of the mortgage and housing business by ordering it to dispose of home mortgages it now holds and to refund local housing bonds held by the public housing administration. By committee arithmetic 61 per cent or $721,423.691 was lopped from original Truman budget estimates of $1,172,444,190 but some Democrats described much of the cut as "phony." In the same cate- rory was a large part ot.an adc ional $1,343,:::,JOO .:;'« ££Iiunitti Dr. Milton Webb Elected State Optometric Association Head g' tion__ _ __ „„ claimed would pour into the Treasury as a result of its recommendations. In some, but not all, cases the Truman budget was revised downward by the new administra- 'ion. The actual money cut was the largest ever imposed by the committee in the so-called independent offices appropriation bill. Coming as it did on the first of the regular 1953 money bills, it started the GOP economy drive off with a bang. $542,516,350 Reduction The bill's total in new money for use during the fiscal year starting next July 1 was $451,020,493, a reduction of 5542.516,350 from what the same agencies received for the present fiscal year. In most cases it will mean deep personnel cuts. Largest reductions from amounts requested by former President Truman in his January budget were in funds for the Civil Service Commission and for stockpiling critical and strategic materials. The committee denied the entire $176,139,000 requested for the government's normal contribution to the civil service retirement and disability fund and all of the $192,015,000 requested for payment of interest on what the government already owes the fund. It said operation of such a fund in government results in the accumulation Factory Fire Toll Readies 22 Chicago Firemen Search Ruins for 12 Other Bodies -CHICAGO la— The toll of known*? dead in a North Side factory explosion and fire rose to 22 today. The body of the 20th victim was removed by firemen at 9 a. m. and bodies of two others were sighted in the collapsed shell of the four- story brick building destroyed in yesterday's blaze. Twelve other persons, known to have been in the plant when it exploded in flames, were listed as missing. Firemen picking their way through the debris more than 24 hours after the fire broke out believed some of the missing were trapped and burned in the basement of the factory. A search for possible other victims continued, with wrecking crews working around the clock to remove tottering walls so the hunt could proceed with safety. Police Capt. Robert Ryan said the death toll might reach "at least 3." A factory spokesman, however, said some of the missing may have escaped. 37 Injured Thirty-seven persons were injured in the fire which struck the Haber Company, manufacturer of electrical • appliances and parts. About 90 persons, both men and women, were reported by officials to have been in the building when ! :he fire broke out. j Eleven of the 16 identified dead ..*...„ ,„*,» ,„ me accumulation Eleven of the 16 identified dead of money that could be put to bet- were women and five were men t6f USe. /1 n A!- T5.._« _-:_! i ' _ ter use. In past years Congress has ap- Sec FEDERAL on Page 12 Dr. Milton E. Webb ROK Official Dies SEOUL UP) — Lee Shi Yung. 84, fh-st vice president of the Republic of Korea died today. He was an unsuccessful presidential candidate last year when president Syngman Rhec was reelectcd. Dr. Milton E. Webb of Blytheville was elected president of the Arkansas Optometric Association yesterday at the close of the organization's 47th annual convention in Little Rock. Dr. Joe O. Hughes of Osceola was elected secretary-treasurer. Other new officers are Dr. Roy G. Steelman of Port Smith, vice president, and Dr. Hoyt S. Purvis of Jonesboro, executive board member. Speaking yesterday on an ADA resolution, condemning the practice of some' ophthalmic laboratories of engaging in retail trade the general public, Dr. Webb said: "We want, in the best interest of public Welfare, to make sure that the lenses prescribed are dispensed, adjusted and adapted by the prescribing doctor. "This puts the responsibility of fitting and adapting the eyeglass frames and lenses directly on the doctor. Although It has not been a widespread practice for ophthalmic laboratories to dispense frames and + lenses directly to the patients, it has 1 been done in some cases. "Laboratory people are not professionally trained to Jit and prescribe glasses. Actually, the simple adjustment of lenses can change the effective power and effect* o( the prescription." Also attending the convention from Blytheville was Dr. James 0. Guard. . Capt. Ryan said two more bodies had been sighted in the water- See FIRE on Page 12 Dulles to Appeal For Continued European Aid State Secretary To Brief Congress Groups on NATO By JAC KBELL WASHINGTON Wi—Secretary o State Dulles follows up Presiden Eisenhower's peace challenge to Russia with an appeal today foi congressional assurance of con tinned . military aid to Western Europe. With Congress applauding Eisen bower's blueprint for eventua world disarmament, Dulles arranged to brief separately the House Foreign Affairs and Senate Foreign Relations Committees 01 the forthcoming session of the North Atlantic Treaty Council Paris next week. Although Europe was the subject up for discussion, there were signs Dulles might run into sharp questioning on the Korean War. It is first congressional appearance since the resumption of truce speculation in Korea. Dulles was represented as ready to tell the committees that progress has been made toward agreement on the European Defense Sommunily Treaty and to remind -hem he needs assurances that aid will continue to prevent any col- apse of the Western European srmy project At the same time, or in a statement Saturday he may sound a note of caution that the danger from communism has not slackened des- Jite recent Russian peace feelers. "Honorable Armistice" Several senators made this point n approving Eisenhower's call on he Soviets yesterday to demonstrate that they want peace by acceptance of his proposals for a series of moves designed to bring about disarmament. The President listed among these (1) an "honorable armistice" followed by free elections in a united Korea, (2) an end of Communist aggression in Indochina and Malaya, (3) signing of an Austrian peace treaty, (4) unification of Germany and (5) "full independence" of satellite East European nations. Democrats and Republicans alike applauded these objectives, although some expressed doubts that Russia would accept them and some differed about the consequence if the Russians turned them down. Sen. Capehart (R-Ind> put a rugged complexion on the speech, saying: "This is a challenge to the Russians to make a peaceful settle- nent of the world's difficulties or, in the absence of that, It means war." "Tactical Error" But Sen. Green (D-RH said he believes the President made "a tactical error" in laying down conditions upon which the U. S. might agree in making peace. Observing that it would be difficult to learn If the Russians were complying with the conditions even if they accepted them, Green added: "Whether they say they will comply or not, the naming of conditions complicates the problem of negotiation." 3rd Red ROW Convoy Spotted Near Kaesong By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea (AP) — The United Nations a n Communists today agreed to hold a liaison meeting Sun day to discuss resumption of the long-suspended Korea armistice talks. The agreement came less than + 15 hours after the U. N. told the Reds it was ready to reopen the talks, providing the Reds do no stalling on the last big obstalce to overall exchange of prisoners—the last big obstacle to an armistice. The U. N. had asked for the liaison meeting tomorrow to work out details for starting the new talks. The Reds, however, suggested 11 a. m. Sunday (8 p. m. CST Saturday). The U. N. agreed. Allied spokesmen said the liaison groups probably Would do little more than discuss the technical details of resuming full-scale armistice talks. Allied agreement to get truce talks underway crime as a Communist convoy carrying disabled American and British prisoners neared Kaesong. just six miles from the Panmunjom neutral area where the exchange of sick and wounded captives begins Monday. In a letter turned over to Communist staff ofiicers at Panmun- jom the Allies proposed: 1. That Switzerland take custody of prisoners who do not want to return home. 2. That the Reds be given 60 days to persuade them to go home and that Switzerland arrange the "peaceable disposition" of those who still refuse repatriation. 3. That staff officers meet in Panmunjom, possibly Saturday, to arrange for resumption of the arm- Inside Today's Courier News . . . Chicks run today i.. ASC track meet , . . Sports . , . Page ... On Mlssco Farms . . . * age 8 . . . . . Society . . . Page 4. . . ... Here's a good nhance to fll a ^reat need . . . editorials . . reader's views on sewer situation . . . Page 6. . . . . . AVhat's new on wax . . . The Record Shop . . . Page 3 . . istlce talks. , The U. N. warned that it woul< break off the negotiations agai "unless the meetings of full dele gatlons indicate an acceptabl agreement will be reached in a reasonable time." Many Wl.nt To Slay When the O. N. command broke off the talks last October nearly 50,000 of 132,000 prisoners held bj the Allies had said they would re sist repatriation. Late last month Red China's 'remier Chou En-Lai proposed tha a neutral state take charge of al prisoners refusing immediate re patrlation while the Communist; Sec TRUCE on Page 13 Ike's Peace Program Heartens W. Europe By TOM OCHILTREE LONDON (AP) — President Eisenhower's peace program heartened Western Europe today. Many expressed doubts of Russia's reaction. But there also was a swelling tide of hope that the new rulers In the Kremlin might use this moment to relax the East-West conflict. ~~~ ~~~ * The first Soviet reaction came quickly. Moscow radio complained that Eisenhower had placed the blame for the international situation on Russian policy "though no facts were given to prove this." West European foreign offices journalists noted, however, that the Soviet reaction was mild in tone, by usual Russian standards, nncl the Kremlin left itself plenty of maneuvering room. The liberal Manchester Gilnrdlan Group Cotton Elects Cure Blytheville Man Named Vice President E. J. Cure. Blytheville cotton buyer, was elected vice president of the Arkansas-Missouri Cotton Trade Association yesterday at the annual meeting of the organization at Bear Creek Lake. Ark. Allan R. Kcesee of Helena was elected president, succeeding John Brunsford of Little Rock. The following executive commit- teemcn also were elected yesterday: Mr. Keesee, Mr. Cure, Mr. Bransford. Ernest T. Owen of Little Rock. J. B. Massey of Kennel t. Mo.. J. W- Kennedy of Pine Bluff, Jnff Fletcher of England and J. D. Barry and E. F. Creckmore, Jr., both oi Memphis. Opposition to Any Sewer Work Whatsoever Now Leads in Poll Opponents of a proposed $1,300,000 bond issue or any other plan to finance a city-wide sewer system today swung into the lead In an informal poll being conducted by the Courier News. Interest in the poll appeared to be stirring as the number of ba- lots received by the Courier News this morning topped the iota! sent in on all of the past three days. Opinion continues thus far to see-saw between for and against stands on the bond plan with the margain remaining narrow. Most striking result, however, is the fact that the most votes are not only against the bond plan but against any effort to solve the sewer problem. This Indicates there are many who are not convinced—despite the word of independant engineers and the State Health Department^-that Blythevjlle Is living on borrowed time In regard to its sewers. This also Indicates that the Chamber of Commerce educational campaign lo explain condition of the scwere and the need for Improvement has a long, tough row to hoe. Here's how the poll, with » toU.1 oi 6» ballon returned, elood Mark and send this ballot to The Courier News Indicate your feelings in regard to solution of Blytheville s sewer problem by voting "for" or "against" — A proposal to issue §1,300,000 in revenue bonds to finance construction of a city-wide sewer system with those bonds to be retired by assessing: each user a sewer charge based on his average wintertime vn.ler consumption- n AGAINST r-j Any type of sewer finance plan — bearing in mind that all workable plans for the system Blytheville needs will cost you something; FOR - D AGAINST • I n as of noon today: For the revenue bond plan—28. Against this plan but for some other plan— 9. Against doing nothing at all about the seweiw—32. Notations on some ballots bv persons casting them emphasized the basic complaint of the majority of the opposition to the bond plan. Th« opponent* feel that since they completed sewer district payments they should not be assessed anything for new sewers. One person accompanied his ballot, with a letter., but It could not be published as a letter to the editor because It was unsigned. Letters to the editor must bear the writer's signature although names will be wi'.hcld on request, (Piano Auditions To Be Conducted Here Next Week Annual i piano audiMons sponsored by the- National Guild of Piano Tcachf:rs will bo held at Hotel Nob!* Wednesday through Satur day of next woek. The auditions, held here for the fourth year, are open to all pifln students whose teachers are mem bens of the National Guild of Piano Teachers. Students are heard by judge? sent out by Guild headquarters ir Austin, Tex. Adjudicator for tni.< years auditions is Miss Camilla B Singleton of Stephens College, Columbia, Mo. Purpose of the auditions Is to encourage the student and his teacher to do better work and to raise the standard of piano teaching in general. Students play several exercises and selections and are rated and receive constructive criticism according to their individual ability •ather than on a competitive basis. Ike Is 'Better/ Says AUGUSTA, oa. m — President Eisenhower was reported today to c feeling better after an attack of ood poisoning but he kept to his ed at his vacation headquarters. James C. Hagerty. Eisenhower's rcss secretary, told newsmen the resident no longer was running a ever. | said editorially: "The President has been enabled to make this statement of policy by the death of Stalin and the signs—as yet imprecise—that the new Soviet government wishes to see a relaxation of the conflict between East and West. "Without the hope that a relaxation can in fact be achieved the i speech would rin gsomewhat hollow." "Arouses Imgalnatlon" The London Star, also liberal, said: "By proposing that armaments should be cut down and the money saved used to fight 'the brute forces of poverty and need' throughout the world, the President arouses the Imaginations of all peoples. Russia, as he made clear, [ would not be excluded from such aid and reconstruction." Communist morning newspapers ..i East Germany ignored Eisenhower's speech. In divided Berlin the Red papers in the Eastern Sector carried not a line about it. West Berlin newspapers splashed the story over their front pases and hailed the speech in editorials. Obviously keyed to Moscow's reaction, the official Soviet zone news agency ADN later distributed a 500-word report on the speech. Echoing Moscow almost word for speech was devoted chiefly to justification of U. S. post-war policy 'including enforced armament, the formation of the North Atlantic bloc and so forth." However, ADN made no direct attack either against President Eisenhower personally or against the United States. U.S. Pilots Down 4 MIGs; Ground Action Picks Up Chinese Troops Hit Five Hill Positions But Allies Hold By STAX CARTER SEOUL Ml—U. s. Sabre jet pilots shot down four Communist MIG jete and probably destroyed another today while Allied fighter- bombers plastered Red positions on the Korean front. Capt. Manuel J. Fernandez, Jr.. Miami, Fla., one of the five n. S. double aces of • the Korean war, bagged his eleventh MIG. It brought him within one of equal- ling the score of Col. Royal N Baker, McKinney, Tex., the world's leading jet ace. Fernandez also is credited with one MIG probably destroyed and one damaged. On the ground, the Chinese Reds lurled 1,000 men against five West Korean hills, overran part of one ley height, then scurried back to their .own lines in the face of Bag- age Allied counterattacks. Troops of the. U. S. 7th Division defended four of the five outposts. The Communist attacks lato Thursday night and before dawn Friday were against the same hills north and west of Chorwon which 4,000 or more Chinese hit threa veeks ago. From Old Baldy Two hundred Chinese swept down the slopes of Old Baldy, which t the Reds wrested from U. N. forces three weeks ago, and Jroke through American barbed wire entanglements on West View, main position adjoining Baldy. Fighting hand to hand with bay- nets and grenades. t.h»>Ar-!arl<v-s usted tBe -Chinese "and -the-:Redi ell back to their lives on Old 3aldy. Thirty-one Chinese bodiea were ounted on West View and the Idge leading to it from Baldy. stlmates of enemy casualties in tlier fights were not available Some 150 to 175 Reds hit Pork hop Hill, a few hundred yards ist of Baldy, and the attack cared some Reds into American enches on the western slope. By 30 a. m., the Eighth Army briof- ig officer said, all the Reds had een thrown off the hill. The other Red attacks—against "tpost Yoke and Outpost Arsenal the T-Bone Hill complex and nainst a South Korean outpost st north of White Horse Hill— ere repulsed In shorter battles. Another Outpost Hit The Reds also charged furiously See WAR on Page 12 /aycees Shift 'Litera-Bumper 1 Project Site The Blytheville Jaycees' "llte-a- bumper" campaign will continue for the sixth Saturday tomorrow though the program will be altered from previous Saturdays The scotch-lite safety tape will be sold on the Kro B pr store parking lot tomorrow rather than on Railroad street between Main and Walnut as it has been in the past With the red reflective tape ap- licd to almost one-third of the motor vehicles in Blytheville. the Jay- cecs plan to continue the sale until all demand is satisfied. Tn addition to the booth at Krogers tomorrow, where Jaycees will be on hand to apply the'tape if requested. It also may be pur- chas-ri at 25 cents per "foot from most members of the Blytheville club. Weatk uer Soviet Abuse Omitted MOSCOW MB — The Soviet press •cported President Eisenhower's j orelgn policy speech with unusual | peed and a lack of abuse. Some of the foreign diplomats in Moscow believe there Is a good nance of some sort of official answer to the President. The more voted 361 words of report and the Soviet Union as on the verge | of easing world tension and possibly settling some of their outstanding differences. The Soviet press and radio dc- Sce IKE on rage 12 ARKANSAS-Partly cloudy and warmer this afternoon and tonight; Saturday scattered thunderstorms. MISSOURI -Snow mixed with rain north and thundershowers south this afternoon and tonight; Saturday showers and thundershow- evs, locally severe thunderstorms southeast and south central; turning colder south and central Saturday afternoon with strong northerly winds; low tonight 30-35 north to 50 extreme south; high Saturday 40 northwest to 65 southeast. Minimum this morning—"10. Maximum yesterday—65. Sunrise tomorrow—5:25. Sunset today—6:34. Preclp, 24 hours to 7 a.m.—none, Pieclp, since Jnn. 1—13.14. Meim temperature (midway betwcat hlsh nncl low)—52.3. Normal and meim for April—41. Tills Date Last Year Minimum this niorrUnR—40. Maximum yesterday—70. I. Jim. 1 W dute-ie •,

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