Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana on February 14, 1895 · Page 4
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February 14, 1895

Logansport Pharos-Tribune from Logansport, Indiana · Page 4

Logansport, Indiana
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Thursday, February 14, 1895
Page 4
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John Gray's CORNER ON HOSIERY! The best hoso for the money ever ihown In Logansport, we buy our hose direct from the factories for Hash, so you havo no jobbers proQtto pay- Please come at once and oblige. State National Bank Logansport, Indiana. CAPITAL $200,000 1. V. JOHRSON, PJIKS. S. W. DLLKIIT, VIOK Puss H. T. TlKITIiUlNK, CASfflKK, — DIKKCTnilS.—• t.V. Johnson S. W. Ullery, J. T. Elliott, W. M. Elliott, W. n. Snider. Bay and sell Government Bonds. Loan money on personal neourlty And collaterals. Issue special certificates of deposit bearing 8 per oenl when left one year; 2 per cent pet ftnnnm when deposited 0 months. Boxes in Safety Deposit Vaults ol thin bank for the deposit of deeds, Insurance policies, mortgages and Other valtwbles, rented at from ft to $15 per year HOYT'S Sure Cure for Piles. LlUKKTY C'KNTKII.O., KflU. 15, Towhom It mnj coiicrrn; Imosthwirtliy recommend "Hoyt'a Sure Cure R>r I'llu.i" toiill who sulTur fruni this iimiorlnfi 4lswi.su, I sutlcruu with Piles for your.", and t- led furious rpinodlpH. none of Which iittordcd morn Itmn tuinDnmry relict About six momlis imo I •rocnredonnnibKor llnj-t'sS'iro Cum fur .flws ind n.xpd U itramllr.K to illr^ctli-ns two we«ks, at tbpend of which tuiiu thy ulcers illsm poured imd inve not slice returned. I Uelltivfl the. euro Is eompletu. »• 3- MIRES. For Sale by Bon Flshur. Lake Eric & Western, PITH l.'iilun Stitllvn. Ttironnh tickets aolil to points In tlio United dintedtuiu Ciiiuulu. SOUTH.' Arrive. Depiirt. No. 21 Imll'iniipolls Kf,, D 7;fM'i.m No. 2J1 Mali & KX|JLV.».« S iIl:S)n in ll:-lo lira No, 25 Tol*io Kv HIY.IS, ri o~J 1' "' No, ai Kvuuliu: Kxnri'SS S S:lf> p m Noli>l Iiocul Kraii! lutr -'-'Jo I 1 "i XOUTll.J Ari IVP. Dppnrt. No. 20 Mull ft Expri'.ts S 10:12 a in 10s!2iim No. !i2 Might dm City D« •!::»> p la 4j-15 p m . No 2-1 0,-trolt KX- ri'.-s S l>;35 u m 50. 150 Accommodation ->t" .:00ara D. Dully, 3. Duliy f.xecpt SanUuy. •No Kill o« nnt run north or IVnSiimlnys, -fRuns Momliijs, Wediicsdiiys i'lltliijs and bun- •^iinnsMoniliy, Tufculuy, Tluirsdny and Satur Union depot connections at Bloomlneton niu P*orln for prints west, anuthwwit and northwest Dlrcit connections made »t Llnui, i'osiorla Fremont or sinon-l;> for all points east. linm(id | Ht«L'onn>'Ctlons at Tlpton with trains en JlHln UUP iiwl I. A SI. C. Dlv., for ull .polnu North. Soiuli, Fast and West. Kor tlckcis. rates and Kone.riil Information cnl on THo:?. I'OLLEN. Tic*ft AROi.t L, E. A W. R'y Sru indlumi. C. K UAI.Y. uoi.'l Pass. Apt. KSDIANAi'OHS, IKD. DAILY JOURNAL nfid even daj in the week (except Monday) by tne LOSAMPOBT JOUBMAL Co. flUOORPOKATID. W. S WRIGHT A. HARDY C. W. GRATES 8. B, BOYEB YlCS Price per Annum Price per Month SECBETAKT. TBIA3DHIB . $6.OO . . 5O TUK OFFICIAL PAPEB OK THE CITY. [Entered as second-clans matter portt'ost Office, February 8, 1888.1 THURSDAY MORNING. FEB. 14. SEXATOK YILA.S has proposed a scheme to cxteud the political power of ihe Cleveland administration which id not noted for modesty. The government now pays the railroads for carry Ing the mails at rates fixed by law and graded chiefly aceordicfr to the weight of the matter carried, as ascertained by periodical tests. The railroads also carry the government postal clerks free, although their farea would amount to over $0.000,000 a year. The echeme of Vilas is to substitute a system of contracts with railroads for mall carriage un restrained by law and left to the discretion of the .Postmaster General. This would give Postmaster General Bissell control of over f 3,200,000 a year to bo distributed, as he pleases, among carrying 1 corporations. It Is not likely that tho American people would favor the placing of this enormous power in the hands of one man. It looks like the Cleveland machine wants an opportunity to perpetuate Itself. Highest of aU in Leavening Tower.—Latest U. S. GoVt Report THE most liberal offer for a prize literary contest ' probably ever made In this country Is that made recently by tho New York Herald: That paper proposes to give four prizes, amounting to $16,000; the first one, of $10,000 will be given for the best serial story of between 50,000 and 75,000 words by an American writer. The writer may be either a professional or an amateur. 'Then there is a prize of $3,000 for the beet novelette of between 15,000 and 25,000 words. Next, !> prize of $S,000 for the best short story of between 6.000 and 10.COO words, and finally a prize of $1,000 for the best epic poem, based upon some event of American history that has occurred since the beginning ol the war of the revolution. Judges will select the three best in each class and these will bo published for the readers of the Herald to decide by ballot which bhall be awarded the prizes. FREE Open Day and Evening 616 BROADWAY. Welcome To All. WANTED. "vH7ANTED— An IntrtliKNit acltve man or lady to ir- ''.''W- t»t*l for Tillable toiuo wltb expenses paid. B??: iitaTJ lttt>. idrancrnient forfntititul and suc- & " ^^ifulH.rk. SetMMwe. Knclosewitaddressed Seczetarr, Lock Drawer P i to 150 per *wk osluBjind I-$25 00 OlJ Kf liable P;»lw. Ere>r family WHW nutr. VOID knit- s, forks, spoons, etc Quick &£•'vmtca to dipping In melted n et»l. :»o uper te or paid Vork; « «ood situation. Address . Bullion ft Co. Clerk li. Colombo*, Ohio. THEKE was a storm of eloquence oc Lincoln Day. Tho ablest men In the country spoko eloquent words about tho groat Lincoln. All the oratory, however, cannot lully express the love of tho American people /or the memory of the immortal emancipator. Henry Wattorson, tho great southern orator and editor, paid an eloquent tribute at Chicago to tho man against whose ideas ho toujjht over thirty years ago. At Albany an oration that will live was delivered by Governor McKln ley, End wnich says the ChlOBRO Inter Ocean, "places McKinley distinctly among- the scholars who are in polities." Nearly all tho leading statesmen o( the North paid tribute to the memory of Lincoln. A WRITER ic the Forum estimates that $350,000,000 is exported from this country to Europe in four ways, us follows: For money by American trarelera abroad, about $100,000,000; for freight carried In foreign ships about flOO.000,000; for dividends aud interest upon American securities atill held abroad, minimum, 175.000,000; for profits of foreign corporations doing business here, derived from real estate investments, partnership profits, etc., about 175,000.000. Baking Powder PURE RICH COPPER MINES. Some Facts About the Deepest Shaft in the World. How a Cornlnh Miner MnUo U"i? of Knowledge Which Ho I'osstwso ! la Cuin'mon wllli Others—YTnntKrs of tlie Tiimaraclc Jlliiio. [Special Calumet C.Ilcli.) Lellor.] In this mining- camp of twenty thousand pcoplti. the largest town in tho upper peninsula, is found the Calumet & ITecla copper mine, noted for the depth of its openings, the rnngnitude of its machinery, the richness of its product, the colossal scale on which all work is done, and the unproccdcnte dividends paid, already exceeding RIO, 000,000. This mine is famous amon miners the world over, and its ma chincry and methods are studied bj mining engineers from England, Ger many, South America and even Soutl Africa. Wonderful as is the Calume & Hecla, and a book might be written BOCK HOUSE, NO. S SHAFT, MIME. TAMARACK THE telephone war goes merrily on In many towns nod cities and the people profit thereby. At Nile?, Michigan, where a new syitem reduced the service to twenty dollar* •» year, the Bell company announces that old subscribers can hare telephones for nothing. It U now in order for the new company ,,to give a premium to tho*e uilng its phonea. THERE is rejoicing everywhere over the safe arrival in New Tork of the belated steamer. La Gucogne. The delay proves to have been caused by a breakage of the machinery and the •hip was never In serious danger. The passengers had confidence in tha captain aad he proved himself In every way worthy of U. —indeed, one has been written—of i' alone, it is surpassed in one respect, the depth of its opening's, by its neighbor the Tamarack copper mine. The his tory of the Tamarack reads like a romance. It was, strange to say, a made- to-order mine. The trend and pitch o: the Calumet & Hecla copper lode probably the strongest and most persistent mineral body ever opened, is almost uniform. It pitches to the northwest at an angle of 37J4 dog-reps, varying- scarcely a degree in this slant from the initial openings, made on surface outcroppings, to tho great depth o1 nearly a mile which has been attained. Capt. John Daniell, a Cornish miner in charge of the- Osceola mine, was much struck by the uniformity of this pitch, and instead of simply wondering at it, as others had clone, set to work to plan some way -in which to profit by this knowledge which he in common with others possessed. Adjoining the holdings oi the Calumet & Hecla company were several tracts of land, of forty acres each. U was supposed that the Calumet & Ilccla conglomerate copper lode un- derlaid these tracts, but it' the angle of 37^1) degrees was maintained, tho lode would be found only at an enormous depth. Quietly securing these tracts, Capt. Daniell interested with him several .Boston capitalists in the venture. At first the latter were appalled by the enormous cost of the projected work, but Daniell's quiet persistency, the case with which he demonstrated tho presence of the lode under tho lands at a 'depth ranging from 3,200 to 0,000 feet, was finally rewarded, the capitalists put in their money, and decided by a single bold stroke to risk several hundred thousands of dollars on the chancel of winning millions. The Tamarack company was organized, the shares being taken "by the few who had faith in Daniell's ability to make a mine. Work was begun and a shaft was sunk. Instead of sinking a small shaft, the dimensions of tho ,first opening were S.\24 feet inside of ^timbers. A heavy plant of machinery- was placed on the ground, and night and day for three years tho miners hammered, drilled and blasted and tho big shaft went slowly down. Miners laughed at the folly of sinking a shaft of three compartments on such slender chance of winning a mine, capitalists sarcastically inquired 'when dividends would be paid, and tho men behind tho venture kept putting two or three hundred dollars a day into the hole. Capt. Daaiell had figured that the copper lode would be cut at a depth of 2,250 feet. At that depth nothing but the barren trap rock was found. Work was kept on, and only twenty feet further down, the great vein of tho Calumet Jfc Becla, sparkling with copper, worth more than a gold mine to the owners, was struck. From a'crank Capt. Daniell became an authority on mining, and those who had furnished money for the working out of his plans were speedily rewarded. The Tamarack mine, when the first cartload J of copper-bearing rock was hoisted to surface from the big vein, was worth more than it had cost, several times over. Although less than ten years old, the Tamarack has paid over .'four millions of dollars in dividends, and is good for many millions more. It grows bigger daily, and its future no man can predict. But its shares no longer sell for a few dollars, 'and, like the other big copper mines, the value of its stock is proportioned upon the anticipated ability of the mine to earn dividends. With the completion of the first shaft, .B second was started, then a third, and { soon after a-fourth. Shaft No. S reached the. cooner lode on Auanst - '" slrilvinj th-? conglomerate at a depth oJ 4, IS.") it'ct from the collar of the shaft, ivhich is ii'jf.h with the surface of the grov.nd. At ih.' time this shaft was successful in reachhrr the lode it was the deepest in the world, but it must no'.v yiold the pull:; to Xo. 4 shaft, which i.: oil id to !i:r.v struck copper in the- middle of ,h)nii->ry. l.SO.">, .it a depth rp~.roxir_;:;ting •'.•:">:) f.-;t. It is now flit 1 il'.vpi'st, shaft in !ht' world, being 150 feet deeper t!::;i: Xo. ". Shaft Xo. "j \viii bo begun as&;;;.-:i as Xo. •: roaches tiio voiu. The equipment, of the shaft-houses which receive the rod; brought from the bowels of the cnri.ii is most roni- viletc. iloistiajf'Onsjiiu's of voTKirrful dizc and power, wbieh raise the loaded cages. \\vi:fhiti}f eight tons, at the speed of\ifty miles an hour -the speed of UiO fastest express trains—annihilate space. At Xo. :i sliafl there are six full si;:cd compartments, the shafting being 10x24 feet between timbers, and each compartment oightfectsquarc. Ladder ways for the men in case of accident, ways for the pump rods, discharge pipes, compressed air and electric light, power and signal wires are contained in two .-of the compartments, leaving four for the cages, which work b.i pairs, one descending as the other goes up, thereby materially assisting the engines in handling such ponderous weights at ro- markable rates of speed. The monster •engines which operate the drums around which the steel cables coil themselves so quickly are marvels of the engine builders' art. The drum of the hoisting engine at No. 3 shaft is 80 'feet in diameter—nearly 120 fcetof steel cable, \% inches in din meter, is. coiled over it at every revolution. The Calumet ifc Hccla has one cable \.% inches in diameter, over iy, miles in length. Tho weight of the cable alone is several tons, when hoisting is begun from tho bottom of the shaft. To the skilled mechanic or scientist, or to the person who is disposed to examine carefully the giant forces which man has brought under such perfect subjection, the deep mines and the machinery clustered about the surface of the shafts are of great interest. It is no show place, for the stains of rock and oil are in many places, but nowhere else are assembled such magnificent plants for the operation of mines. A trip down the shaft is an experience never to be forgotten. A special signal is always used when human cargoes are to be raised or lowered, and tho cage ascends or descends at a snail's pace, compared with its speed whon lowering timber or hoisting rocki The pace is rapid enough in all conscience, despite the slackening in speed, being perhaps twice that of one of the express elevators which shoot up and down the narrow chutes in the skyscrapers of Chicago or New York. The novice feels that lie has suddenly lost half his weight, and that the remainder may disappear at any moment, leaving him suspended in space. Such a sensation might be pleasant on. the surface, but it is decidedly not so whon shooting down a well pcnelrating the very bowels of the earth, a gloomy hand lamp affording just enough light 1,0 show the black rock walls on alt sides shooting upward with frightful speed. Vertigo or swooning may ensue if the person is not of good heart and physical power. On the return trip the sensations are reversed. There is a sudden accession OF BOYS Overcoats and Ulsters. Don't let your boys freeze when we will sell you a good Overcoat for $1. Remember we mean to sell these goods at Your Own Price BUY NOW! HARRY FRANK, TO BE, SURE,. LO&ANSPORT. DELPHI. FLORA. NEW YORK. WASHINGTON SHYLOCKS. Money Lenders at tho Capital Who Bleed the Clorks. Improvldont nn<l Extravagant Government Kmployen Who Borrow at Exorbitant l£»tos of In- tflroHt. The United States government, as a rule, pays higher salaries to its em- ployes than private firms pay for tha same class of work. Despite this fact there is probably no class of clerks so continually "hard up" as these same government employes, says the Philadelphia Press. This is true at least in Washing-ton, where the majority of tho employes are protected in their positions by the civil service laws, and where it would be supposed there would be more opportunity for saving than in positions less sure of tenure. The averag-c department clerk receives what would be considered a very snug-salary in most any other city, especially in cities where metropolitan, prices for living-do not prevail. It would bo safe to place the average salary re- ( ceivcd a!/one thousand dollars per tin- .; papers, nnd the average government num. It can be stated as a rule almost C I OI -K- finds it as difiienit to get out of that these clerks arc in debt from one. ! debt as formerly. The success that' year's end to the other. They are in debt to the putchcr, the linker and the grocery man, and tlicir frequent changes of residence are due to a habit they have of neglecting- to pay rent for j <j ic organization of a. company tb.it now. tlicir houses. This sort of thing iskept }• proposes to cut rates with the old-time up until their debts arc brought to the Shvloeks, and offers to loan money at office, function of that sort. She must do so at a certain period of the year—during the social season. She has exhausted her credit at thtf grocery and the confectionery, so a little ready money in hand is an absolute necessity for tho accomplishment of her plans. The enticing circular of the "ton per center'' is brought to her notice, and she cannot resist the temptation. The money, is borrowed, the social function passes off, and the poor victim finds herself in the clutches of "• money shark-, who will keep her stinted for Uii: necessities of life until his leu per cent-, a month int-.'rest and principal is paid. This Shylocl: business was begun, years ngo, and to the discredit of tho government was iargoly carried on by ( cmplo3'cs of the departments who were in position to know ihe wants and necessities of their fellow-clerks. So oppressive did the system become that rules were adopted forbidding employes of the departments to loan money to their fellow-employes. These rules have been observed so strictly that the' '•ten per cent." businesshaubeen pretty, well driven from the departments. It is now carried on, as has been sug--. gested above, by moans of circulars; and advertisements in the daily news- as formerly. The success has attended this system of money- lending has at last aroused oorapi tition.- The chronic desire of government clerks to borrow money has stimulated rx Tire-CAGE. ol weight which roots the traveler to ;he damp and muddy floor of the cage. Each foot is shod with lead, and tha walls of the shaft, apparently shooting- downward, frequently lead to the impression that the cage' is falling- into ;pace. Not an agreeable feeling even where it is known that such is not the case. The cages are all fitted with the )est safety appliances to catch and hold t should the cable break, but.few would care to risk the parting of the steel rope. The temperature at the bottom 'of these deep shafts is not so high as was encountered in the Comstock lode mines at half a mile in depth, which is fortunate ''or the mine owners, or work would be impossible. As it is, a temperature of seventy degrees and upward is found at the bottom of the shaft at all times, despite the intensely cold-air which is belched forth by the power drills, which use compressed air for motive power. But for the power, drills, deep mining would he both difficult and unpleasant work. HOBACE J>' —7itohlnoor gas, supposed to oe a very tuperior kind, was patented in London InlSSL : attention, of tlieir superiors m when the'alternative is given of' paying oft their indebtedness in monthly installments to be kept out of their salaries or of leaving the government service. . The faculty of tho government elcrk to get in debt has created a class of Shylocks in the various departments in Washington the like of which would bo hard to find in any other citj'. appropriately called "ten per centers." TLey feed upon the unfortunate clerk who is living beyond his or her salary like vultures upon the stricken deer. They have their spies out in every direction, and learn of the financial condition of their intended victims in ways no honorable person would adopt. To a clerk in distress for ready money they appear and offer the cash to meet pressing wants. The ba.it is too tempting, and the victim borrows under tho agreement that it shall be paid back at the end of the month at the exorbitant rate of ten per cent, interest for the thirty days. - If not met at the end of tlie time stipulated the loan, or part of it, is continued at the same rate for another month, and often times within a twelvemonth the poor clerk has paid more than the original sum in interest alone. Enticing- circulars are sent to tho clerks by these "ten per centers." Sums ranging from ten dollars to five hundred dollars are offered as loans under the "strictest secrecy." The security asked is merely nominal. Furniture is usually the security suggested in the circulars. These sharks well know that the clerk's nominal note is sufficient to guarantee a payment of the loan, as the presentation of it to the chief of office usually results in arrangements being made for the return of the money out of the monthly salary of the victim. The local newspapers are full of the 'advertisements of these "ten per centers." Their alluring offers are especially intended for that class of em- ployes who desire to cnt a. figure in Washington society, but who need ready cash at times to indulge their ambition. For instance, a lady in one of the de-. partaients feels that it will add veiy materially to her standing in society if she were to give a "pink tea" or some three per cent, per month. This means' a yearly rate of thirty-six per cent.,; but that is quite a reduction from oncj hundred and twenty, which is now* charged. Extriictlne Toctb'by lilcctrlcltr- Trials havo beea made in I/ondoit with a" new apparatus for the extraction of teeth by electricity. It consists Theva.ro ' of an induction coil of extremely Cno wire, liaving an interrupter that can vibrato at the rate of 430 times a ecc-| ond. The patient sits in the traditional armchair, and takes the negative electrode in his left hand and the positive ia the right. At this moment tho operator turns on a current whose intensity is gradually increased till it has attained the utmost limit the paticnb can support. The extractor is then put in circuit and fastened on the tooth, which, under the action of the vibration, is loosened at once. The operation is performed very quickly, and the patient feels no other sensation than the pricking- produced in the hands and forearms by the current. JM«:mortal Da.T in Tvro StntVK. April 30, Memorial day, is observed in the states of Alabama and Georgia, What Zoa Phora won't do for WOMANKIND no medicine will. Cold bj B F KeetllDf and JdmCootaoa,