The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 15, 1953 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Wednesday, April 15, 1953
Page 3
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WEDNESDAY, APRIL 15, 1958 BLYTHKVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PAGE THREB Russians Say U.S. Must Interpret Soviet Correctly (Editor's Note: Seven days in Moscow gave a group of U. S. edl tors a brief glimpse into life in the Soviet union. It underlined too, some of the svays in which the Soviet government might show evidence of friendship—if it so de sires. Miss Rebecca F. Gross, an experienced newspaper woman who was In the group visiting Moscow sums up her observations in this article, last of a series of five). By HEBCCA F. HOSS jj (Written for The AP) LONDON wi—The day I returned to London, with other editors with whom I had traveled to Moscow and back, I was stopped .at the door of my hotel room by the maid. An elderly Swiss woman, comfortably filling her neat black and white uniform, she had three questions: "What do they look like, over there in Russia?" I replied that they look pretty much like people anywhere. They seem to be healthy and strong, warmly and comfortably dressed, and very curious about the visitors from America. "How did they treat you?" My answer was that we were well treated by everyone we met; that no one showed us .any hostility. "Do you think there is going to be a war?" Not A Clear Vision To that question the only possible answer was that seven days in Russia had not given us a clear vision Into the future. With some variation, these were ' the questions asked us by reporters on our homeward trip. These interviews, representing the effort of the Western press to discover what significance may lie behind the willingness of the Russian government to let a group of American newspaper people explore Moscow, reminded me of a remark by a Western diplomat In the Russian capital. Discussing the cordiality with which we had been treated, at a time when the regular Moscow correspondents were working on news developments some optimists were interpreting as a possible beginning of the end of the "cold war," he said: "I think the most important task In the world right n6w is the task of the American people, to make the correct interpretation of the things that are happening in Russia." Several other people in Moscow, to whom I repeated this remark, said: "I think he is right." One added that "the atmosphere" in Moscow seemed to be changing. j Another saw significance in the detailed reports and strong editorial statements in Pravda on the j case of the doctors set free with denunciation oJ those who had charged them with malpractice. He saw in that case a possibility that Premier Malenkov might be preparing the Russian people for more changes, conditioning them, perhaps, for a whole series of changes. Seven days in the midst of rapid-moving events did not provide sufficient background for a safe Judgment on such questions. Moscow correspondents working on the job of reporting Russia to the rest of the world meet obstacles which make^it a wonder the Western nations have any understanding of Russia at all. Every bit of news is subjected to censorship which may vary with the personality of the censor or with orders from above, Orange Costs 2 Rubles The day we arrived, the annual price reductions had taken effect, bringing hordes of shoppers to take advantage of lower prices on almost every type of food, clothing and other merchandise. The news correspondents were allowed to say the price of fruit had been reduced 50 per cent, but they could not say the cut brought the price of a lemon or orange down to two rubles. I asked the price ot a lemon after I saw a girl of about 13 pursue a rolling lemon across the sidewalk as she came out of a food store. The lemon seemed to be her only purchase. When she dropped It to the pavement, she gave a ittle squeal and raced it to the curb—just in time! (There Is no free exchange of rubles against dollars, but the ruble is pegged arbitrarily by Moscow prices of many foodstuffs as well as all luxuries are ex- .remely high.) After the price reductions, a oothbrush cost 2.80 rubles, a razor cost 44.10, a billfold 58, a man's suit of ordinary quality at least 300, and a pair of women's shoes about two weeks pay for those in the lower wnge brackets of 600 to 700 rubles a month. Most of us who sent dispatches to the outside world followed the procedure used by the regular correspondents. The cables were written in quadruplicate on forms bearing an official stamp and the initials of the responsible correspondent. The regular press services must put up a large deposit before they can use the cable, and those who do not make such a deposit must depend on prepaid telephone calls. The correspondents must submit a written copy of any material they want to telephone to their offices in Paris or London, for instance, and the censor makes his changes before they cnn start talking. To make things more difficult, there are only three telephone Jooths. Even when the number of foreign correspondents is down to six, three telephone booths are not enough to go around, especially f some Russians are making long- distance calls when the reporters arrive, breathless, to try to get some news out of Moscow. They have tables and typewriters n the telegraph office and most of the reporters stay there so long hat it was not surprising that Vicky Gilmore, 9-year-old daugh- er of AP's Eddy Gilmore, pointed out the cable office as we passed I it en route to the Puppet Theatre, 1 and said: "That's where my daddy works." A Busy Week The chief disappointment of our sojourn in Moscow was our failure to have a face-to-face interview with Premier Malenkov, Foreign Minister Molotov, or one of the other vice chairmen of the Council of Ministers. We had requested such an interview soon after our arrival and waited hopefully. But it was a busy week, j Stalin had been dead scarcely a month. Apparent changes in policy already had begun to come. Perhaps it was agreed, at the top, that the mere fact that American journalists had been permitted to visit Moscow, see Russian factories BAN F-34'5—Instrument Hying of all F-94 jet planes in Alaska has been banned following the crash of four jets within five days from Elmendorf Air Force Base. Three were ilost northwest of Anchorage. The fourth crashed on the Elmendorf landing field. Searchers found wreckage of plane (3) lost April 1, on Mt. Susitna, 25 miles norhwest of Anchorage. Search continues for the two planes still missing. - good appearance about 400. If | a ' work, take pictures of the city. we had bought these articles at the . including women toiling on street exchange rate of four rubles to the j repairs, as well as the towering dollar, which is what Americans • spire of the new Moscow State get for their money in Russia, the I University, was a sufficient ges- prlces would be prohibitive. As it was, the Sew souvenirs we bought came very high to comparison with the same dolls, trinkets and souvenirs in other countries. For the average Russian, the prices probably were not so high, but the cost of a suit of clothes for either a man or woman represented ture in itself. The cordial treatment given us for one week, however, will have permanent significance only if it is not allowed to remain an isolated case. I am sure the Russian officials with whom we talked are well. aware that public opinion in the Western nations will be wait-NOTICE- Office will be closed Tues., Wed., and Thurs. April 14-15-16. Dr. Milton E. Webb Optometrist Have a Coke...its the refreshing waq to shop Look for the familiar red Cooler when shopping calls for a pause. Coke brings you quick refreshment- helps you be yourself again. UNOED AUTHOmt Of J!ll COCA-COIA CO/OANY IT COCA-COLA BOTTLING COMPANY OF BLYTHEVILLI *" h a registered trode.mork. © 19J3. THE COCA-COt* CO*f*WY ing to see whether the visit of the editors may open an era of greater freedom between Russia and Western countries. Oalis' Release Would Help We did not nave an appropriate opportunity to raise the question of William Oatis, the AP correspondent held in prison in Czechoslovakia. Our air route into Moscow was by way of Helsinki instead of Prague because Americans simply do not travel through Czechoslovakia since the imprisonment of Oatis. The use of Rus- I sinn ir.flucno leased would be "e to have Oatl! re- ono concrete gesture which could be made after pur departure, if Russian policy is on the verge of extending the cordiality \ve received. A future decision by the Russian government to grant exit visas to the UussMin-born wives of Americans and other foreigners would be another type of action which also might show that the hospitality demonstrated to us was not an isolated and unusual action, but part of a calculated pattern of friendliness. Relaxing of the restrictions which hamper correspondents and Western diplomats also could be Interpreted by tile West as a genuine overture for improved relationships. Whether such moves are coming, our visit gave us no basis for guessing. Like the rest of the world, we can only wait and see whether our visit had any significance beyond a mere sightseeing :rip to a place where few non- Communist Westerners have received the kind of welcome we got. not as guests of the government, but as practicing journalists paying our own way and writing our sincere impressions. Leaving Russia after seven days of observations and experiences, I felt the greatest value of the trip will be the future ability to recall a real city and real people In assessing events' m Kussla. If we can evaluate those events properly, we may have better success the task my diplomatic acquaintance assigns to Americans, ai their major responsibility at Uit current period—to maks a correct interpretation of what may happen in Russia. GAS Installation IK" Black Pipe Ft. 25c 1" Black Pipe Ft. 19o •V Black Pipe Ft. 14c !a" Black Pipe Ft. lie '/»" Galvanized Pipe Ft. 13c 71" Galvanized ripe Ft. He GALV. & BLACK FITTINGS List Less 50% I'/, Gas Stop 52.05 1" Gas Slop SI.68 •;'i" Gas Stop SI.Z7 Is" Gas Slup SI.1C ORSBURN SUPPLY 1916 W. Main Ph. 3208 ATTENTION, COTTON GROWERS As a cotton grower, you are undoubtedly concerned over rising costs of production. The situation is alarming. Labor to hoe cotton is scarce and hard to find, especially after two or three rains, when everybody's crop gets grassy, somebody will not be able to get hoe- hands. Will that somebody be you? Would it not be wise now while you have time, to make plans to prevent weeds and grass from taking your crop? Niagara Chloro IPC will give your cotton a weed and grass free start and will control the weeds and grass for four to eight weeks. For Further Information On Niagara Chloro IPC, Please Contact One Of The Following: A.A. (Frog) Hardy, BSytheville, Ark. Gene Butler, Ben F. Butler Co., Osceola, Ark. Godfrey White, Osceola, Ark. NIAGARA CHEMICAL DIVISION Food Machinery & Chemical Corp. Middleport, N. Y. — Pine Bluff, Ark. SOUTHERN TEACHERS WIN 0 LION OIL SCHOLARSHIPS Jack QuenJin Reynolds Mrs. Roy C. Mitchell Elijah Coleman Jack Quenlin Reynolds, Social Science teacher at Junior High School, Springdale, Ark., spends his week ends studying for a Master's degree in Education. Described by principal Alfred D. Long, as "a reaJ asset to our school," he will use his Lion Oil Scholarship to complete his Master's degree and to begin study for a Doctorate. He will stay in the South, hopes to help Southern boys and girls build a better future! Mrs. Roy C. Mitchell, Home Economics teacher, Humholdt, Tenn., High School, has a B. S. degree from Peabody College, Nashville; a Master's degree in Religious Education from Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, Fort Worth, Tex. A widow, she is ranked as "a most excellent teacher" by her principal, W. E. Wilson. Mre. Mitchell will use her scholarship for advanced study in home economics, will use her increased knowledge for a better South! Elijah Coleman, Principal and Language teacher, ImmanueJ High School for Negroes, Almyra, Ark., obtained his B. A. degree in the G. I. benefits program nfter World Wnr II. Praised hy his supervisor, John Martin, because "he has helped raise the standards of his school so that it is rated as outstanding in organisational and instructional procedure," he socks to prepnre his people for the ever-greater opportunities in the South. His Lion Oil Scholarship will enable him to become a Certified School Administrator. Essays on "Why H/ly Profession Is Important to the Future of the South" Earn Full-Year, All-Expense Educational Awards The folks of Lion Oil Company extend heartiest congratulations to the winners of the final Lion Oil Scholarship Fund essay contest for teachers this school year. It is reassuring to know the thoughts of Southern teachers as they prepare our young people for the great opportunities that lie ahead in the Southland. The future is in good hands, capable hands! Lion Oil is privileged to be able to award these three $1,200 all-expense university scholarships. Each award helps a teacher to gain a more abundant store of knowledge and skill to pass on to the eager youngsters who will be the citizens of our Southland tomorrow! The Lion Oil Scholarship Fund was started in 1950 in a sincere effort to broaden the educational opportunities for Southern youth. The program was expanded last year to include the teachers who share so much of the responsibility for the continuing progress of our schools. Six $1,200 university scholarships have been awarded in Lion Oil Scholarship Fund essay contests for teachers during this school year. Since the Scholarship Program began, Lion has awarded 636 prizes worth more than $65,000 to Southern teachers and their students. This is one way in which Lion shows faith in the South and its future. Why the Scholarship Fund Was Established Lion Oil is part-and-parcel of the South, employing more than 2,600 persons, with an annual payroll of more than $12,000,000. Lion Oil manufactures more than sixty petroleum products which keep the wheels of Southern industry, transportation, and agriculture spinning. Lion's nitrogen fertilizers enrich the soil of Southern farms ... help Southern farmers produce more and better crops. The Scholarship Fund is Lion Oil Company's way of saying, "We believe in the South ... are eager to assist its sons and daughters .. . our good neighbors. We're proud to be. 'Home-Folks — Good Neighbors!'" Judges in this contest were: Dr. W. M. Kethley, president; Miss Evelyn Hammett, head of the Department of Languages and Literature; and Miss Kate MauJdin, Registrar and Associate Professor of Education, aU of Mississippi Delta State Teachers College, Cleveland, Mississippi. LION OIL EL DORADO COMPANY ARKANSAS

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