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THE- IKTEB OCEAK, SUNDAY MOItKLNXJ, MAY 11, 1902. INVENTOR BUILDS FLYING MACHINE NEAR GARFIELD PARK. Three men who believe they nave solved fibs problem of aerial navigation are build-Ul 1 hue aluminum "devil's darnlug 'Needle" over on the West Side. The frame-! Vork of thla queer metal creature now re- Kea In a tent at Madison street and Cen-" lral Park avenue, i By the latter part of the tnonth the builders of the affair say they 'Will have finished it. wings and all.
Whenever they do succeed In getting the thing together they will haul it out into the 1pld speedway in Garfield park and endeavor io go soaring away In It. The West park commissioners have given them permission io fly aU around the bicycle track. If they Care to. The board Issued an official order to this effect last week and as soon as the Inventors procured the document they erected the huge tent in which they are now fconstructlag their metal Insect. When the tent was pitched last Monday a rumor was Circulated among the small boys In the neighborhood that a circus was in their This created a profound sensation and the shipbuilders were kept busy for three days tossing inquisitive youngsters out of their tent before it was finally announced In boydom that the rumor was a canard.
The men who are building the big con-trtvancare William C. Horgan, Theophlius Wllllamrand M. Halsinger. Halsinger is a son-in-law of Horgan's. and Horgan is the man who Invented the machine.
He has built two models which worked to perfection. and now he is confident that within a couple i Of months he will be soaring above the skyscrapers in Chicago. Eventually he lieves it will be possible to run Sunday ex-; icursiom- to San Francisco, leaving Chicago at daylight and returning in the evening. Kept His Hobby eret. With all of these theories, Mr.
Horgan Ls In every respect a practical man. For thirty years he has been trying to build a flying machine, but at the same time he has been working as a mason contractor and. surveyor. Those with whom- he associated in business never knew of his pet hobby." Here -tofore he has been afraid to mention it for fear of being called a crank. All of his work along the lines of aerial Navigation was done on the theory that an mtiautr wavy, soma creature of the air in order to be a success.
He has spent years studying the I motious of birds and insects with wings. end has arrived at the conclusion that the successful flying machine must be patterned after the "devil's darning needle." i He has already built two models, one of hlch carried Mm through the air for 300 I yards. It was also responsible for his having a clash with the police two years ago, and 1 the il, for -the first time, bis life secret was i exposed. Horean and his son-in-law wer exnerl- menting with the machine on Garfield boulevard. They visited the thoroughfare at 4 o'clock every morning and kept the machine In a barn on the Northwest Side.
Persons living in the neighborhood of the barn told the police of the mysterious actions of two men who visited the place every morning, and a wagon of blue coats raided it. Of course Horgan had to explain, and his airship was exploited in the newspapers. Williams, one bobby Is aerial navigation, read -t Horgan's plan, and in. this way the two men became associated in their work, Will Have Twelve Wligi. The machine which ls now being constructed will have a long, slender body, with WOMAN "Eight Tears In Cocaine Hell" is the title of a book which has Just been completed by Mrs.
Annie C. Meyers, who was 1 member of the board of lady man- lagers of the WorlQ Fair. Experience while she was a victim of the cocaine -habit- During this period she says he waa arrested" for committing almost very offense on the criminal calendar. Of her various crimes, however, shoplifting was the chief one, and most of this was done in Chicago. It was bardly mere than twe years ago that Mrs.
Meyers was arrested here for stealing from a down-town store. She had been taken into custody dozens of times before for similar offenses, but those whom ihe robbed had -refused to prosecute her because of the high position she once held. When she waa arrested for her most recent theft she was so frail and worn from using; procaine that it was decided to tend her to the bridewell to undergo special treatment. tVVhile Mrs. Meyers was in the house of correction an official of St.
Luke's society took an interest in her case and procured her release from prison. In her book Mrs. Meyers asserts that the members of the St. juke's society have cured her completely of tier old habit- "Eight Tears In Cocaine Hell" is dedicated to Mrs. McCabe, a sister to the former (World's Fair official.
Mrs. Meyers devotes only two pages of tbe book to her early life. tl -I was born In Buffalo, N. In 1853." says. "My fsther, Ezeklel Annls, was an Englishman of good Christian character, member of the Church of England.
Mother's xnalden name was Caroline Babbitt, a niece of B. T. Babbitt, and a first cousin of Jay Could. She was an Episcopalian, but botU parenta Joined the Methodist church, and myself and twelve brothers and sisters were sent to the Baptist Sunday school because of Ita nearness to our home. "When a very young girl I met and married Captain Victor E.
Meyers, a naval officer. 'Boon after our marriage he retired from the navy and we made our home in Chicago, from strhlcb. port he sailed the first vessel' that aver went direct from Chicago to the West ndles." Bearl-nl-K of Coealae Habit. Captain Meyers died in 1889. Before his 'death, he and his wife had become members of the Marshfleld Avenue M.
E. church. Mrs. Meyers was left in good circumstances by her 'husband. In 1890 she waa aooolnted a ladv manager of the World's Fair.
She was then considered a woman of beauty, refinement, and intelligence. Mrs. Meyers describes herself in those days as follows: 3 "As a member of that board I occupied an Influential position, coming before tbe public with almost as much frequency and prominence as Mrs. Potter Palmer herself. I was ja typical woman of society in those days.
I only state these things to show that cocaine Is no respecter of persons or positions." 1 xThen she goes on to tell bow she became a victim of the cocaine habit. In 1894, while she was conversing with her lawyer, he remarked that she had a severe cold snd suggested that she use a certain catarrh remedy. This medicine, she says, contained co-palne and aroused her appetite for the drug, i "From a well-balanced Christian woman I terame a haggard and wretched physical and mental wreck." Mrs. Meyers says In her book. 'My thoughts were only for more of that accursed poison, cocaine, that was dragging Eie down to destruction; walking the streets this wicked city, wandering from place to place, night and day.
Insane with grief and remorse, every hepe of success, every promise of prosperity dashed to the earth by this demon! Position after position, friends, honor, every thing was sacrificed to Lhls Idol! "Homeless. I became a wandering vaga-lKnd on the earth, yet in my saner m-tnents I seemed to recall the positive declarations and merciful warnings of God. knowing full well that 'sin, when It is finished, brlngeth forth and the soul that ein-peth. it shall die whose end Is destruction; but I had started, forsaken my God, and very soon found myself with no will power left. i mux tower ana lower, i was firmly wings, six on each aide.
Horgan says each of these wings will have a lifting capacity of sixty pounds, so that if they operate properly on this basis they would be able to tlft 720 pounds. The inventor ssys that the entire outfit, with two men, will have a weight of pounds, leaving a surplus of 165 pounds. In figures Horgan's plan seems simple and practicable. Scientists with whom he has conferred predict -that when the machine is put to a test It will not ascend. But Horgan laughs at these predictions.
He tays scientists cannot tell any more than laymen about aerial navigation, because they have no precedent upon which to base their calculation. Therefore he believes that the man who invents a successful airship will be the one who follows nature and discards figures. When Horgan's "devil's darning-needle" has been completed It will be 364 feet long and SI feet wide, measuring from the tips of the wings. The ship proper will weigh 204 pounds and will contain a gasoline engine weighing 7o pound. One of the most unique features about the contrivance will be the wings.
These are constructed so that they will "feather," after the fashicn of an oar, while In motion. In doing this the wings will propel the machine as well as keep It in the air. A tail, patterned after that of an eagle, will be used in steering the ship. The tail will revolve In a socket and ball contrivance, and the inventor says it can thus cause the ship to soar in any direction. The length of the steering apparatus will be ten feet.
The occupants of the ship and the engine will be In a cage suspended from the body. The object in doing this Is to balance the machine. Horgan claims that the weight in the cage will be sufficient to prevent the contrivance from overturning even In a gale. From the engine a shaft will run up Into tbe aluminum body and connect with the wings. Each of thess ls to be fitted in ballbearing shafts and they will be operated on a leverage of Ave feet.
Jareator Explains His Tbeery. "I can see that ship flying over Garfield park right now," said Horgan yesterday, as he worked upon the aluminum ribs for the affair. "There can't possibly bo any fluke about this experiment. I haven't worked thirty years for nothing. There are wealthy people backing me and a whole lot of money has been put into the construction of this thing.
"Before I get through I am going to show Snntos-Dumont that he is way off from solving the problem of aerial navigation with a balloon. Ever since I was a boy I have wrestled with the question of building a flying machine. During all that time I never once gave the balloon proposition any serious thought. "Up in Canada, where I was born. I used to walk out In the fields and watch the birds fly.
Then I would say to myself: 'If those things can dart along through the can't a man do the same thing I never could get rid of that notion, but I was always afraid to talk about it to any one because I would have been set down far a lunatic About thirty years ago I began getting down to business. After- watching almost every species of the bird family in its flight I concluded that a man, in order to fly, would have to fix himself up a pair of wings fifty feet wide from tip to tip. I started in to build myself some wings, but the task seemed hopeless, for I cosfd not figure out how I would operate them. "About ten years while I was working with a government surveying party on the Hennepin canal, I learned a real lesson from nature on the flying scheme. There were Ave or six in the party that was working on the canal, and each of them had a hobby.
One was a naturalist, another was crazy on the subject of Indian relics, while TELLS OF THE COG AINE HABIT. Mrs. Annie bound in the slavery of this awful monster. "From city to city I wandered, and as I was using ten dollars worth of cocaine a day I was forced to steal, and readers of newspapers everywhere were greatly shocked to hear of my arrest In so many different places. As the first effect of the drug pro duces kleptomania, I was continually In trouble.
"My first arrest happened In Detroit. before I became a kleptomaniac or had committed any crime. I went there on very particular and secret business, concerning no one but myself, and while in my hotel at night I was taken to the Central station and examined by a physician, and several reporters Interviewed me. I felt so heart-broken and ashamed that I did not care what become of me. and if at that time a kind hand had been held out to me.
I could have been saved from years of misery. The papers came out with large headlines, my name, a cut of me in evening drees, my standing in society was flaunted before the world, every paper copying tbe Mrs. Meyers then tells cf being arrested In Cleveland. Chicago, and Milwaukee. The third chapter of the book la devoted to Mrs.
Meyers' experience as a shoplifter. She would enter a big down-town store and help herself to bolts of silk or whatever attracted her attention, but she was almost invariably discovered and taken before the managera of the stores. These officials always relessed her because of her connection with tbe World's Fair. Chapter IV. tells bow the tolea goods were sold.
Selllaa- Steles Goods. "I used to get for a pair of gloves worth $1,54, 60 cents, for a $2.60 glove. 73 cents. 1 sold a piece of silk marked $20 for $8. One heliotrope silk underskirt, forty-eight Inches In length, rut down from $27 to $19, 1 sold for $5 to a society woman.
I frequently sold goods to police officers. I gave a great deal away to the poor, goods which would keep them warm. "Evea la those dark days I always had a my bug was the flying machine. I was afraid to tell the rest of tbe crowd about it, though, for I knew, they would have set me down as being a hopelss case. "One day while I was work a 'devil's darning-needle' came flying around me, and right there I said to myself that a flying machine patterned after that insect would be a success.
I couldn't get that Idea out of my mind. The more I tried to work the more It worried me. "Finally I decided to quit my place and 'a V4 tender heart for the afflicted, and especially those suffering in like manner, or the drug victims, of which there are over 60.000 In Chicago opium, morphine, laudanum, cocaine, chloral, hasheesh, etc. They are not alone In tbe slums, but you will And them in the palatial homes of our fair city." After considerable moralising Mrs. Meyers tells of efforts that were made to have her confined In an insane asylum.
Between dodging the police and certain "reformers" who bad all sorts of plans for reclaiming berths unfortunate woman sank lower and lower. She went to live with dissolute women, but eves in resorts on Clark street and Peoria street tbe police hunted her down and finally drove her from the city. This was because of the constant raids she made on dry goods stores. While traveling around the country aha resorted to almost every conceivable method of obtaining money. In chapter V.
sbe tells of her associations with thieves: "I had been driven to such a state that I thought the world against me, and made up my mind to fight the world, to steal, kill, and play confidence games. I associated with tbe worst class of forgers, counterfeiters, and confidence men. When I commenced the forging game tbe first check wss passed in Newport, for tbe sum of $3,000 on the First National bank. While my confederates were finishing up the work at Newport I secured $500 worth of goods by glvirg another bogus check on the same bank in Newport. Papers were made out for my arrest, but tbey were unable to locate me.
Swladllasr and Forgery, "My next forged check and eonfidence game waa played in Baltimore. Md. I went into an insurance office, introduced myself, and showed my credentials. He happened to know one of the lady board of managers, and we became quite friendly. I then asked him if he paid commission to any one who could get bueiness for the firm.
He said and glad he would bo to do so. I then said I knew a gentleman who would nrobablv take out a large policy, and promised to bave him call on the following day, which my con Inventor Hoan and His Flying Machine. start in building a flying machine. I came to Chicago and built a model out of bamboo, with clockwork as the motive power. After I had finished it I would put it on the floor and wind It np, but It never would rise.
One day I was standing out on the front porch of my home with my wife with the machine in my hand, wondering whether I wasn't really out of my mind, when the model slipped out of my hand. Instead of falling it began flying, and whizzed out Into the middle of tbe street. federate did, and took out a policy for paying for same with a forged check. which was cashed, leaving us a large surplus. In the meantime I had secured $150 for my commission.
We then went-to Philadelphia and stopped at a first-class hotel. I made up my mind to go back and get the balance of my commission and see what they were actually doing. As I went Into the office I immediately noticed that they knew all. They asked me to have a seat for a few min utes, as they were busy, but I excused my self promising to be Deck: shortly. "I went right to the depot and took the train back to Philadelphia, and said to the chief of the forgers, 'Jim, the detectives are after us, pay the bill and I will call a car riage.
We Will take any train for anywhere oewrs leaving me cuy purcnasea tiJ worth of cocaine. Had the whole police force been at my back I would not have left the city until I had my cocaine. 'e succeeded in getting out of town, but none too soon, and rode to Louisville, from which place we went to Denver, Colo. While there a de tective came from Baltimore to my sister's house in Chicago seeking information, but as she was unable to enlighten him. he waa obliged to return, and I have never heard any' thing further about the case.
"The chief of tbe forgers gave me a check to try to pass in Buffalo, which caused my arrest, as before referred to. While confined at the Central station they endeavored to identify, me as being connected with the forgers and confidence men. Efforts to Folaoa Her. No one succeeded in Identifying her at Buf falo, and with the forger who was at tbe head of the band to which Mrs. Meyers belonged, she went to Canada.
This man. sbe says. tried on several occasions to poison her because be fesred she was spying on him. After working confidence games in St. Paul.
Minneapolis, Des Moines, and Elgin, Mrs. Meyers went to Milwaukee, where sbe was arreated on suspicion of having atolen some diamonds. The police put her through tbe "sweatbox" process of questioning, which she describes as follows: "A' greet many people wonder what the sweating process means. In the various cities of the country there are different ways of gaining information by the sweating process. In Milwaukee, while at tbe Central station, I was locked up, fed bread aad water for two weeks, without a pillow, comforter, or chair to sit upon.
My cocaine was taken from me. Sometimes they would take me into the office and tbe chief of the detectives would say; 'You told one of these officers yon took those diamonds. You know you "Then they would say: 'If you don't confess we will send you over the road. Another time the lieutenant of the police said to tbe captain, pointing at my feet: 'Look at those shoes she has on; they are real burglar shoes. Why, that woman Is a dangerous woman.
Send ber out of the city and never permit ber to enter Milwaukee again, ani If she does we will send her to state's prison. I have searched Milwaukee for the dia monds; as she had no confederates with I her she certainly committed the crime, and as sbe never left the city what has become of Then I would be put back aad Interviewed over again, to make me commit myself, and all kinda of abuse waa showered upon me by the police department. "Tbey thought tbey were so smarts but tbey were unable to cope with the subtllty generated by cocaine. I had left the city and sold the diamonds in Chicago aad returned the same day." -i- Baralary aad Robbe'rfes. v' The Milwaukee police could not procure an evidence against their she was released.
Sbe then came i snent all the money she bad a s4 became a reamer In the streets. At thie ttaxo she tells the following story of a robberx she committed on the Weetslde: -ttin'. One morning between and o'clock, at the corner of Paulina street and Ogden ave nue, I saw a drunken man lying in tbe gutter. I said. 'You old drunken scoundrel.
I might as well have your money as the I went through him and got about one hundred dol lars. I akipped to a saloon which waa near by and watched the police go through him before they called the patrol to take him. "After a while they came in the saloon and seeing me asked me If I had 'made a touch that night, and I said if I bad It was my treat. "That settled it with me. From that moment I said to myself that it was possible to build a flying machine.
My son-in-law, who is a draftsman, became interested In my model, and we decided to build another one. "We hired a barn on the Northwest Side and started to work in it After almost a year we finished a model that we figured was large enough to carry one of us. The framework for the wings waa of and we covered It with canvas and several layers of tissue paper. At first we worked tbe mech so I aald. 'Call for what you want and I will pay for It.
As I was continually on the go night and day for weeks before I would get any sleep, I often came across a number of such cases." In one of those nlshtly rambles, between 3 and 4 In the morning. I ran on to a club man and took from him as fine a single diamond as one could wish to have. It was sold by me the 'next morning for $75. and I immediately took tbe train for St. Louis.
The diamond waa said to be worth about $2,000. Burglary was one of the last, crimes re sorted to by the women. Here ls the way she describes her first raid upon a residence: "I went twenty-two miles from the city cf Chicago to rob a house. I first had to kill the dog. which I did by poisoning it.
Then I entered the house and crawled under the bed. covering my nose and mouth for fear the dust would make me cough or sneeze. After learning where the money waa kept, I stole si.vuv and escaped. After this Mrs. Meyers decided to blow safe.
She was planning this when the police arrested her. She was sent to the bridewell snd remained there thirty-seven days, when tbe officials of St. Luke's society took charge or ber. $5 FOR A RARE BIBLE Dealer Gets rateable AltkIaEdltloa for a. Sob.
BOSTON. May 9. One of the rar est books turned np the other day in a Boston auction-room in a wholly unexpected manner. The library was not a remarkable one. but there were enough desirable books to attract almost every old book dealer In the city.
The bidding on the box containing book was rather lively on account of some book plates in certain books, and was finally knocked down to a Bromfleld street dealer for-15. When he examined his purchase he found himself owner of the rare Aitkin Bible, tha nrst Bible in the English language published in tne- united states or America. Its rarity can be estimsted from the fact that there was no copy of it in the Liver mo re sale, which took place In thla city In 1894, and which was thought to contain tbe moat com plete collection of Bibles in America, among them a copy of Cromwell's Soldiers' Pocket Bible, that was sold for the Coverdale Bible. $800, and Eliot's Indian which brought $450. The only record of a sale of the Aitkin Bible, so fsr as can be found, was in Phila delphia in 1898, when It brought $215.
This csn hardly be considered a fair test of Its value, as It would undoubtedly have brought a much higher price had It been la the Liver- more collection. IN THE GARBAGE OF A MONK." he Loelcesl at Hlsa an Taea Sal. Exit Heaao. They were conversing together on a West Madlsoa street car. One waa voune- and pretty; the other short, plump, and clearly past 40.
Between the stops of the cable train anatches of what they said could be heard. Just know I never will fall in love." was the last part of a sentence uttered by tbe pretty girl as the clattering of tbe car ceased at one of tbe crossings. solutely no doubt, but that you will. my dear." waa next beard from she wha was short and plump. The car was delayed by a broken wagon at this Juncture, so that the rest of what the plump one said has been preserved-for posterity.
Here" it is: "Now. I used to think the same way. until one evening at a masquerade ball I met my future -husband. I Just loved him right on sight. Why.
I couldn't help it he looked so handsome. He waa clothed In the garbage of a monk, and I rushed up to him and said, Exit homo." Charms Owaeet by a Qaeea. One of the largest collection of charms In Europe ls owned by Queen Alexandra. It consists mainly of tiny elephants In malachite. Jade.
porphyry, sapphire, and turquoise, and humming birds and swallows, bees snd beetles, which are real works of art. Two-Poaad Gold Pieces: England is going to coin 2 pieces In gold. They will be about the else of our $10 coins. Stady mt Easliaa la Mexico. The City of Mexico.
In Its great preparatory school, bas replaced Latin by English, and made it a four years' obligatory anism by means of a eogcbaln. We made our trial out on Humboldt boulevard at 4 o'clock In the morning. "I got Into the machine, which we put on top of a buggy. aflO began working it with all my might, but It didn't budge. Then we substituted a belt for the cog-chain, which lightened the thing considerably.
Again we tried it. and this lime the machine flopped into the air and then fell. After a while we succeeded in riding .104 yards on it. We couldn't go any further because It was worked by hand newer, and neither of us had strength enough to keep tbe wings going. Pellee Final Flylagr Machine; "At about stage in our experiment the police were told that something mysterious was going on In the barn which we bad rented, and they went to it one evening In a patrol wagon, broke opea the padlock on the docs, and searched the structure.
The next morn-lug when we learned of the visit we hastened to tbe. barn and found a. big crowd In tbe neighborhood. -Some of those around the barn had cut the pieces of bamboo from the machine, and It was practically mined. Since then I bave been working to complete the machine which I am now building.
"Any one who believes that It Is not possible to build a flying machine that will work ought to study tbe insects that fly ani tbe birds. Take a hen, for Instance. I have seen bens, tbe weight of which was far oat of proportion to the size of their wings, fly to tbe top of a fence. I once had a turkey that weighed twenty-five pounds, which, with a running start, would fly as high as the second story of a building. Its wings were sixteen Inches long and eight feet wide.
from tip to tip. Just think of wings of that slxe lifting twenty-five pounds. "Another, good instance of a heavy body being carried by small wings is the bumble This little creature apparently never tires out. and yet its wings are far out of proportion to the else of its body. Now.
my theory is that all things with wings possess a certain knack of beating down upon the air with terrific fore In flying successfully, and I bave planned my machine with that idea la view. My airship will have wtaga that will bear down upon the air with short, quirk sweeps. Each wing will have a sweep of five feet." Followed Edison's Views. In making a study of birds in bis aerial researches Mr. Horgan has unwittingly followed tbe advice of Tbomaa A.
Edison. Mr. Edison believes that mankind ought to be ashamed of. Itself because the problem of aerial navigation waa not solved years ago. Ia discussing airships several days ago, he aald: I was down In Florida recently and one day I watched a big bird I think it was a vulture that floated about in the air a whole hour without moving ita wings perceptibly.
When God made that bird he gave it a machine to fir with, but be didn't give it much else. He gave the bird a very small brain witb which to direct tbe movements of the machine, but he gave to a man a much larger brain in proportion to that of the bird. "Take the case of the vulture. Here is a natural flying machine which is a thousand times as heavy as the air it displaces. In a few of leisurely flight it can sweep over a distance which man finds Incumbered witb all sorts of obstacles, and there is scarcely a flatter of its wings in the operation.
"There ls nothing there but a machine and a small brain, and it Is not a very remarkable machine, either. Why is it that a maa cannot make a flying machine as efficient as the bird? "A lot of people say that It was never meant that man should fly; that If nature had int snded such a thing man would have been provided with the necessary machinery in VETERAN ENGINEER PENSIONED. (pedal Correspondence of The later Ocean. BOONE, lows. May Fast mall train No.
9 of the Northwestern road came whirling Into Boone yesterday at an unusual rate of speed, aad as It Beared the depot there waa a prolonged whistling from the locomotive. "That's Jackson's last toot," said the station-master. "Everybody In Boone come down, to give him a send-ofl." And almost everybody here did flock to the station as No. 9 pulled In. J.
P. Jackson, wb for the last three years has handled the throttle on fast mail trains Nos. 9 and 10, running between Boone and Council Bluffs, bounded oat of the cab of No. 9 and received a rousing greeting. It was Jackson's last run as an engineer.
The road retired him oa a pension greater than the salaries of most of the employes. Jackson ls one of the oldest and best known engineers in the West. He has been running an engine since 1864. During this time he has been in numerous wrecks and had hair-breadth escapes from death, la 1871 be was la a smash-up In State Center, In which he would have been killed but for his small stature. The tank of the engine was thrown near the drivers, the two closing up like a Jack knife.
Jackson was shoved Into a. email space under the cab brace, and had he been a man of powerful build would have been crushed to death. As it was. he lost three fingers on his left hand. WOMAN FIGHTS WITH SNAKE.
Battles for aa Hoar witb Reptile la Dark Cellar. Bpeelat Correspondence ef Ths Inter Ocean. PHILADELPHIA. May 9. After battling for an hour with a large water snake In the cellar of her home at Jackson and Bridge streets.
Frank ford, Mrs. George H. Smith succeeded in killing the reptile. The snake was fully three feet long and it wound Itself around the woman's body during the light, and bit ber upon the arms. Mrs.
Smith had gone to the cellar to get some coal. The place was pitch dark. After filling the scuttle which' she carried, she started back toward the stairway, when her attention was attracted by a hissing sound. Upon turning she saw a pair of eyea gleaming through the darkness. The next moment the I snake darted at ber.
Screaming for help Mrs. Smith started to. ward the stairs, but before she had taken a step the snake sprang at ber and fastened its fangs in ber ankle. She stumbled over a broomstick, but quickly recovering herself, picked up the stick and began battling with the snake. There was no one in the house but herself at the time and the pluckly woman realized that she would bave to fight tbe reptile to the end.
For an hour woman his body, such as Is now possessed by thw lird. But you might Just as well say that was never Intended man should have any light aside from the sua and the moon and Provided for him. not cacy faster with because no wheel were acpplled hint by nature. or raen ho really solve the problem of flying through the air will find out nothing new. Powerful motor, of wonderful compactness will be applied to a framework "Shtaess.
acd that will be mil there will be to It. 'Doubtless this framework will be some-thing similar to he physical structure of a bird. I do not believe it will be difficult, because we bave many mechanical devices now which are superior to the devices used by nature In human belnra unA inin.i. j- uu uu m7 not put toi-ether a ccn- wnicn win at least lie equal to the machine aad brain of the bird." Fr.fe...e I Professor 8. P.
Langley of tbe Smithsoalaa institution was one of the first men ia this country to experiment with flying machines machines heavier than air unless we admit the Immortal Darius Gieen and his far-famed flying machine Into the chronology of scientific experiments. Professor Langley had a theory to prove and he proved It. He did not accompany his aerodrome In Ita flights, but he demonstrated bevond a shadow of doubt that mechanical fllcht is nosMihle. Sir Hiram Maxim showed this alio la his aeroplane. As a maa of pure science, who had much work to do.
Professor Langley proved all be wanted to. It took Professor Langley several years to develop his main idea as to flying, but dartatf those yesrs he reached msay Interesting conclusions, which will doubtless be taken Into account by the inventors who attempt to follow him and to carry out the idea of Edison) as to navigating the air. In his preliminary experiments Professor Langley showed that, disregarding the frle-tion. which Is slight, a 300-pound plate could be moved through the air at the rate of fifty? miles an hour witb the expenditure of one-horse power energy. That Is.
a ton of weight could be drawn horizontally through spsce and npoa air with an engine of only tea-hona power. Eaperlaaeat Air Resistaaee. The bird la its' flight has been both a ccn- stant wonder to man, and an unending pro meter of hope that some day he may equal Its serial movements, but if the air resisted flight according to tbe computations of Newton and the ordinary text books of the dsy. the swallow would have to be as strong as si man. Professor Langley has demonstrated the contrary by Interesting experiments, which any one may reproduce.
He attached a plate of trass to a spring, registering apparatus; and fastened it to a long arm which eirlly could be set in motion. When the arm was at rest the brass registered one pound, but when the arm was revolved the spring. Instead of being drawn out atill further, waa contracted until it registered less than aa ounce. Tbe weight then seemed to float In the air and it was found that much less power was required to move the plate rapidly than at a low rate of speed. It seemed to run over the air much the same as a skipping stone runs over the surface of the water, and does not sink until.
its momentum Is gone. Horgan has familiarized himself with all of Professor Langleys experiments. At his home, 1S1 South Western avenue, he has a library devoted entirely to the possibilities of aerial navigation. His wife ls an ardent believer in tbe success of his undertaking, and has assisted him in many of bis experimenta with his models. and snake struggled about In the cellar, and finally Mrs.
Smith drove the. reptile into a corner and killed it. How It got into the cellar Is not known. TRAIN AS A 0EERSLAYER. Aalasala Are Fascinated by Glare of the Headlight.
SIOX FALLS; S. May 9. If It were possible to arrest and fine a railroad train for violating that section of the state game laws which prohibits the. killing of deer within the limits ef South Dakota except at speci- fled times, a passenger -train which makes daily trips over the Spsarflih branch of the -Burlington 41 Missouri River railroad, In the Black Hills, would ere this have been called to account for killing these animals out of season. Tbe train la gaining quite a reputation as a deerslayer.
The other evening three deer were observed by the engineer to be on the track near the Spearfish electric light plant. The glare of the locomotive headlight fascinated them and they refused to move until the iron monster was almost upon them. "Then two of the animals Jumped in time to save their necks, but the third was knocked over and injured so badly that It died. A number of deer hare beea killed by the train this spring at the same place. r-.
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