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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS TH* DOlttMANT HEW8PAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 22 Blythevllle Courier Blythoville Daily Newi Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 15, 1953 FOURTEEN PAGES Red POWs Stage Sitdown Strike Aboard Exchange Craft SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS Inside Today's Courier News Ar... Chick trackmen i kansas State meet Friday Browns blank Detroit in opener . . . Sports . . . Page 6 ... . . . Osceola news . . . Page Page 11. Korean Prisoners on Koje Also Balk, Report Claims By GEOEGE SWEERS PUSAN, Korea (AP) — About 750 disabled Chinese Communist prisoners today staged a 2V4-hour sitdown strike aboard a U. S. landing ship which brought them here on the first leg of a journey to Panmunjom for repatriation home. A reliable source said North Ko-f _—— rean prisoners on Koje Island also have balked. No figures were men tioned, but two more landing ships carrying North Korean disabled prisoners from Koje were due here this afternoon. The Chinese filed slowly off the LST which brought them from Cheju Island only after American guards carrying bayoneted rifles and wearing gas masks boarded the ship. The sitdown strike apparently was an attempt to embarrass the Allies rather than to avoid being repatriated. All the Chinese previously had said they wanted to go home. "They were the usual nuisance demands to harass us,' 'said a U. S. officer. "Put it this way," said Brig:. Gen. Lionel- McGarr, chief of .the Allied Prisoner of War Command. "These people are Communists. There is always the possibility of troubla up to the last man." Some Have TB Most of the prisoners were sick with tuberculosis and other diseases. Here and there was an amputee who had lost one or more limbs. At 11:15 a.m. after American military policemen had carried 1500 or 2000 liter patients off the LST, and a handful of amputees had hobbled off on homemade wooden pegs and Army-issued crutches, the leader of the Chinese still aboard shouted that no more would debark. There was a murmur of approval from other Chinese throughout the hold of the ship. Not a prisoner budged. Col. Richard D. Boerem of Ontario, Calif., deputy commander of the POW Command, told the Chinese over a loud speaker at 12:: 15 p.m.: "You have refused a lawful order to land.... "I don't care to talk to your representative. You will have to move out at once." . Society news . . Markets . . . Page At this point one of the prisoners yelled, "No, we won't do it. We will all stay here. We won't move." Col. Boerem repeated: "You have refused to obey two lawful orders—first to line up and then to file out in single file in order to proceed with the movement towards repatriation at Pan- munjom. I am now giving you 30 minutes to reply." An interpreter translated Boerem's warning into Chinese. The Chinese still had not moved when the half hour was up. Guards Went Aboard At 12:55 p.m.—10 minutes after !ol. Boer em's deadline expired— truck pulled up to the pier and egan issuing gas masks to Amer- .can guards and the officers of the Prisoner of War Command. Two armored cars with, machine ;uns were stationed at each end of the LST. At 1 p.m. about 20 armed guards boarded the ship. A few minutes iater another group of 20 wearing jas masks went aboard. Boerem, wearing a gas mask, moved up the gang plank behind the troops. Guards formed a box i round the gang plank. Correspondents were not allowec aboard. Reds Sound New Offer To Re-Unify Germany By DAN DE LUCE BERLIN (AP) — East Gearmany's No. 1 Communist declared today that the Soviet Union seeks a four-power conference on the reunification of Germany and demanded that the United States "show its readiness to accept." Legion Needs Help with Youth Program Post Commander A. S. Harrison Bald tcday the American Legion Is seeking volunteer assistants among ministers and their congregations to help with its "Big Brother" program for rehabilitating former Inmates of the state's industrial school. He also said the Legion will aid high school graduates here by providing advice and counseling on (he different professions and Western powers, businesses. The post will work' with Miss Effie Lee Terrell, BHS guidance counselor. Gaylord Lewis will be in charge of this program and graduates may contact either him or Miss Terrell for interviews with any of the city's business or professional men, Mr. Harrison said. Johnnie Loggins, a delegate to last year's Legion Boys' State, has been named a junior counselor for the Boys' State to be held this year at Camp Robinson May 30-June 6. Eight Blytheville boys will attend. + Deputy Premier Walter Ulbright, who controls the ruling Socialist Unit (Communist) Party as secretary general, spearheaded the new unity campaign with a front- page statement here in the official Soviet newspaper, Taegliche Rund- schau. The statement was issued after consultation with Russia's occupation chieftain, Gen. Vasslly Chui- kov, who was unofficially reported to have received Instructions from Moscow to draft a new set of proposals on German unification. The first big objective, Ulbricht said, is to kill off West Germany's "illegal" treaties of military and political alliance with the UN Planes Spot Two Communist POW Convoys Roads Reported Jammed with Red Military Traffic By ROBERT TUCKMAN MONSAN, Korea, Thursday at— U. S. fliers Wednesday spotted two convoys of Allied sick and wounded rolling south high up in North Korea along roads jammed with Red military traffic and bristling with antiaircraft guns that fired on the spotter planes. Pilots still were trying to find a third convoy. The Communists said the three convoys began the trek southward Tuesday carrying about half of the 600 disabled prisoners the Reds will free next Monday. A Communist correspondent said some in the three convoys were Americans. The Communists apparently were :aklng advantage of the immunity from Allied air attack to pour in military supplies. One pilot watched the masses of Jed military trucks and declared: 'in all my 96 missions over North £orea I've' never seen so many rucks on the road." Arrogant Communist, sick and wounded staged a sitdown strike at the other end of the repatriation road—the port of Pusan in Southeast Korea—but gave up and went ashore when Allied guards with bayonets came aboard their landing ship. 2 Delegations Arrive As the day of liberation neared for the Allied captives, reports flew that discussions for reopening the whole prisoner exchange question might be opened soon at Panmunjom. Prisoner exchange is tlie only issue blocking'.an armistice. '..,'; While thefts-'was nothing official here, two members of the regular armistice delegation arrived at this Allied truce base community. They are Brig. Gen. Ralph Osbbrne, and Brig. Gen. Edgar Glenn. Osborne returned to his Third Division artillery command after conferring with Rear Adm. John C. Daniel, armistice delegation member who handled the negotiations for the exchange of sick and wounded. Glenn expected to return to Tokyo later today. Pilots who had bejn hampered by cloudy weather in their search for the three 20-truck convoys of disabled prisoners, got a break when skies cleared Wednesday. READYING EXCHANGE SITE — Lt. Roger Thompson (left) of Van Wert, O. and Lt. George Wood of Corapton, Calif., look over plans for tent area at Panmunjom prisoner exchange site in Korea. Other GIs in background work on flooring for the tents. Mianwhile a small band of sick and wuonded Allied prisoners started their ride to freedom. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Tokyo) ready on hand and prospects foi big production again this year, the secretary said his department, al ready has started preparing for p slbie acreage allotments and mar keiiag quotas on the 1954 whea and cotton crops. Final decision will not be made, Benson said, until the latest possible informsiton -is available on supply and Demand. 'This (umintst!atton" Benson itself faced with a situation fo> which it is not responsible and over which it has little control. "Increasing supplies of wheat and cotton are resulting from combination of high production goals set in the past, favorable weather in producing areas, and declining exports." Controls Mandatory The secretary explained that existing laws make mandatory the imposition! of controls when supplies exceed reasonable needs, as calculated in accordance With legislative provisions. Benson also took a slap at the The first convoy is due today at I m 's h level rates at which cotton and the Red armistice headquarters of j wheat must be supported by the Kaesong west of Panmunjom. The 1 government under terms of farm Secretary Benson Says — Cotton, Wheat Controls May Cost $33.7 Million WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary Benson said today the Agriculture Department may need $33,750,000 for production controls on wheat and cotton, to handle surpluses which he blamed in part on the Truman administration. President Eisenhower pledged t during the campaign last year tha agricultural controls would be hek to a minimum if he were elected Because of large supplies al He asserted that the Communist bloc had paved the way for negotiations on Germany by the Chinese and North Korean overtures for ending the Korean War. These have Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov's "active support," he added. Attacking West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer as "leader of a clique of national traitors," Ulbricht asserted that ' American funds promised to Adenauer for financing defense industries "mean nothing else than credit for the destruction of Germany." 22 E nines Will Be Displayed At Osceola Fat Calf Show, Sale OSCEOLA — Boys and. girls from Burdette, Osceola, Reiser, Milligan Ridge, West Ridge, Carson Lake, Wilson and Lost Cane will display 22 fat calves In the junior fat calf show and sale in O'^eola Friday. , To be held on the Court House lawn, the show Is to get underway at 1 p.m. Sponsored annually by the MIs- s!-.-lppl County Farm Bureau, the C' •..iraittee, of that organization Is being headed by Faber White, Gene Butler, Chamber of Coin- in e r c e agriculture committee c.:.ilrman, and Harold Ohlendorf, Chamber of Commerce president. Last year Mr. White purchased the county champion calf fed by Billy Wayne Duncan of Burdette. I Calves in this year's show have been entered by Vanoy Bringle, Lonnie Lacy, Rose Mary Lutes, Billy Lutes, Marilyn Lutes, Tom Allan Bryan, Carl Pankey, George and Arvls Brothers, Billy Wayne Duncan, Harry and Sammy Shearin, Dail Schoolfield, Billy and Bobby Trannum, Jenny Wren, Hal Nicholson, Jon and Don Payne, Steve Cockertmm, Hal Towles and Jimmy Bevlll. Col, M. R. Meals of Memphis wiii serve as auctioneer and W. B. Proctor, county agent, will be Judge. Last year's buyers included firms and businessmen from Bly- thevllle, Osceola and other towns in Mississippi County as well as several Memphis firms Including the adiith Memphis Stockyards and Memphis Packing Co. other two are due there Friday. Meanwhile, the U. N. Command said 930 Chinese prisoners are be- Sce U. N. PLANE on Page 11 UN Pilots Bag One Red MIG Communist Attack Stopped by Doughboys By STAN CARTER SEOUL uv-Three U. S. Sabre jet pilots shared in the destruction of one Communist MIG over North Korea today and on the ground withering fire from American 45th . Division infantrymen hurled back j 150 to 200 attacking North Koreans ' on the Eastern Front. The Reds left 30 bodies sprawled on barbed wire entanglements on a hillside below an Allied trench line near Heartbreak Ridge. Another 25 North Koreans were listed as wounded in the 45 minute battle, the Eighth Army said. Action was light elsewhere along the 155-mile front. The three Sabre pilots who made the triple play MIG kill are Capt. Vincent E. Stacy, of Crystal Falls, Mich.; Lt. Robert D. Carter, of Bluefleld, W. Va.; and Lt, Henry A. Jones, of Memphis, Tenn. Each was credited with one-third of a kill. Light B26 bombers destroyed 69 j Communist, supply trucks on North Korean highways Tuesday night, the Air Force said. "While we want to avoid controls to the fullest extent possible, the existence of mandatory price su- ports on these crops at 00 per cent of parity levels may, without restricted production, hold the threat of a huge buildup of government investment' in loans, and inventories, and the danger ol large ultimate losses." Parity is a price determined by legal formula to be fair to farmers in terms of the cost of things they buy. The decision on marketing quotas for the 1954 wheat crop must be made by next July 1, and on acreage allotments by July 15. The decision on both quotas and allotments for cotton must be made by next October 15, Quotas — which would impose heavy cash penalties on sale of crops in excess of a farm's share— must be approved by at least two- thirds of the growers voting in a referendum. Benson estimated there are .about 2,100,000 wheat farms and 1,350,000 cotton farms. Lay Hospital Board Sought Medical Society Wants No Members Running County Unit Mississippi County's Medical Society ]a«f 4 night adopted a i - esolu- tioi j&ig that the County Hospital Board be free of .society me bA-s In the resolution passed at a meeting at Hotel Noble, the group went on rccor das favoring a board made up entirely of lay members. As of now. Dr. Joe Bensley of Bly- iheville and Dr. L. D. Massey of Osceola are members. In other action, the society appointed Dr. Beasley, Dr. Eldon Pair- ey to Osceola mid Dr. R. W. Ration of Manila, as a liaison committee between the society, county judge ind the hospital board. This committee was selected on a ;eographicftl basis, Gamma Globulin Due Shipments of the gamma globulin, which reduces the crippling effects polio, are to be received by the State Health Department within the lext month. The serum, he told the group, will e made available in localities about he state at the request of family ihysicians. Thse physicians will prescribe the reatment for children they think lave been dangerously exposed and will requisition H from the state lealth department. Amount of serum available for \rknnsas was determined by taking n average of polio cases from 1947 1951, inclusive, and multiplying hat figure by four times the mount of gamma globulin needed or one treatment. The treatment is temporary and s believed to be effective for only bout five weeks, Dr. Webb said. City Checks Joint Use Of Base for Airport Council Hears Cravens Confirmed WASHINGTON W) — Tile Senate today confirmed the nomination of Kenton R.. Cravens, St. Louis banker, to be administrator of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. CAA Official Back Proposal A three-man City Council committee today was investigating the possibilities of joint use of the proposed air base here for both military and civilian aircraft. Aldermen Rupert Crafton, John Caudill and J. L. Nabers, appointed by Mayor Dan Blodgett at the monthly meeting of the City Council last night, also were considering the prospect of asking the Air 7 orce for joint use of the air- 'ield portion of the new base. A resolution submitted to the council last night by a committee of civilian pilots here requested the city to ask the Air Force for joint use rights. This proposal was supported by John F. Warfield, chief of airport operations branch of the Civil Aero- lautics Administration at Ft. Worth Tex. He said requesting joint use would not deter the Air Force in its plans "or reactivating the base here since Congress had already earmarked the ippropriation for this use. Rather than lose this appropriation, he ; id, the Air Force would agree to int use. However, several city officials remained leery of submitting anything hat resembled a demand for joint use. They Indicated they did not igree with Mr. Warfield's view that lothlng could stop reactivation now. City Officials Cautious City officials generally were ap- iroaching the situation cautiously. Second Ward Alderman John Cau- illl expressed the views of most of hern when he asked Mr.. Warfield uring th« meeting if a Joint u«iP id by the city would Involve, risk f delaying reactivation. "I agree on the need for civil viation facilities, but we all want iie base to open as soon as possible," e said. "Would we delay this by in- stlng on joint use?" Mr. Warfield said "No. The Air orce has its money and will go head on the best terms it can et." Following Mr. Warfield's talk, layor Blodgett adjourned the meet- ig until April 23. He said the coun- 1 would decide then on a joint use equest and also had some sewer matters to discuss. Special Committee Reports The resolution asking the Council to request joint use from the Air Force was submitted last night by Paul Lloyd, head of Planters Plying Service who served as chairman of a committee composed of Russell Hays, Ernest Halsell, Hank Dodd, Wade Water Utility Fee Hike Awaits Conference An ordinance increasing Blytheville Water Company's annual operating fee from $050 to ?8,000 was delayed from its third and final reading by the City Council last night when the aldermen agreed to a postponement of action "requested by attorneys for the utility Submited in December, the proposed ordinance passed its second reading at the -February Council meeting in the face of threats by the water company to curtail certain free water services they now provide to the city and the schools. Mayor Dan Blodgett said last night that attorneys for the utility have requested a delay of the third reading until a meeting of aldermen can be arranged with Robert Johnston of Oklahoma City, owner of the water company. This meeting probably will take place within the next 10 days or two weeks, Mayor Blodgett said. The council granted the delay. By a resolution submitted by Fourth Ward Alderman Charles Lipford, a new board of assessors was appointed for Sewer District Four. The assessors were appointed, the resolution said, because of the need for reassessment of property due to recent improvements and complaints of unequal assessments made earlier. Building Objective Filed Members of the board named last night are Gus Eberdt, J. M. Moody and H. H. O'Neal. The Resignation of G. B. Mlddleton as assessor ac- companied the resolution. In a reversed case of building permit application, an objection was filed by Max Logan to a request by C. S. Baggett to build a residence at Fifth and Chickasawba on a site bordering a commercial area. Usually, the Council is asked for permission to erect a business building in a residential area. Mr. Logan's objection stated that he owned property in this area and feels erection of a residence would be detrimental to future development of that commercial zone. The permit application is now being advertised as required by city ordinance and the Council will act on objections at its May session. City Finances The city's financial statement given last night shows that as of March 31 there was $1,958.41 in the general fund, $4.8*1.26 in the street fund and $13,964.66 in the parking meter fund. Revenues for March totaled $8,073.25 compared to expenditures of $19.295.58. Although showing a deficit for March, the city is still ahead operations thus far this year. From Jan. 1 to March 31, city revenues totaled $67,586.66 and expen- Sce COUNCIL on Page 11 Bloodmobile Due Here May 6; Goal: 150 Pints A visit by the Midsouth bloodmobile has been scheduled for Blythe- vllle for May 6, H. A. Haines, Chickasawba District blood chairman, announced today. Once again, Blythevllle has a 200-donor. or 160-plnt, quota to help this sector meet needs for whole blood and plasma for the Defense Department and the new gamma globulin (polio vaccine) program. C. M. Smart has been named*- — . , Reeves, Dr. J. p. Brownson and Percy Wright. All are private pilot,'! except Mr. Hays, who quit flying about two years ago. This committee was appointed by Mayor Blodgett early last week after these men conferred with him on the possibilities of civilian aviation facilities here following reactivation of the base. Their resolution emphasized the need for agricultural aviation; that is, crop dusting and. spraying. It also said the basing here of a single troop carrier wing as contemplated would not Interfere with civilian aviation If properly controlled. If joint use cannot be obtained, the resolution continued, the por- j tion of the base area not used by the Air Force for flight purpose (the eastern portion) should b He cited other Bases where Join developed as a municipal airporl In his talk, Mr. Warfield read Sec BASE on Page 11 Sewer Ballot Stirs Little Interest- Half of Voters'Want Nothing Done Legion to Hold Fishing Rodeo Dud Cason Post of the American Legion will again sponsor a fishing rodeo for Blytheville youngsters this summer. Two fishing rodeos, one for white and one for Negro children, were sponsored last summer by the City of Blytheville and the Legion. At the .Legion meeting last night, Buck Van Cteve, Gaylord I^wls, Phil Robinson »nd Max Harrison were lamed to a fishing rodeo commute*, | A poll to determine feelings of citizens regarding Blythevllle's sewer problem revealed two factors at the end of the second day: 1. Interest in the' problem Is practically non-existent, and 2. Half of those responding favor doing nothing about a new sewer system. Only 18 ballots have been returned to the Courier News office This In Itself Is a significant commentary on the apathy with which a large portion of the citizenry regards Its fast depreciating sewer system. Of the 18 exactly one-half voted firmly against doing anything to improve the system. Seven persons voted for the revenue bond proposal which would base sewer charges on average wintertime water consumption. Of those voting against thlf plan seven of them Indicated they do favor doing toawthlng about a Mark and send this baltot to The Courier News Indicate your feelings in regard to solution of Blytheville's sewer problem by voting "for" or "against" — A proposal to issue $1,300,000 in revenue bonds to finance construction of a city-wide sewer system, with these bonds to be retired by assessing each user a sewer charge based on his average wintertime water consumption: FOR AGAINST Any type of sewer finance plan — bearing in mind that all workable plans for the system Blytheville needs will cost you something: FOR AGAINST rj new sewer lystem. Tb« ballot will «»rrl«4 to this newspaper the remainder of UUi week. chairman of downtown solicitations, largest single source of donors. His block chairmen are to be named this week. Paul Hughes of the Blytheville Toastmasters Club is heading a speaking "brigade" which will appear before civic clubs and PTAs. Blythevllle has missed its quota only once in the two years th; the bloodmobile has been makii visits to the city. That was on Jan. 20 when tl area was In the grips of an intli epidemic . . . and the da President Dwight Eisenhower's ii allguratiori was televised. Only 119 pink were collected that day. A check of records in the Re Cross office here revealed that the 700 pints collected In Blythe ville. 500 persons have made up th total. Nearly 150 persons are listed a "repents," having given from tw to four times. Of the slightly more than 50 donors, 359 have been men, compared to 145 women. Nearly 490 of the donors hav been white, with Negroes contrib uting 17 pints. The bloodmobile will be In op eration from the hours of 10 a.n to 4 p.m., inclusive, and will be headquartered at the American Le glon Hul on North Second Street Appointments may be marie b. telephoning at 4481. . the Red Cross offic Lloyd God ley Is Called To Washington OSCEOLA — Lloyd Oodley has been named to represent Arkansas before a session of the House Agriculture Committee on next Wednesday in Washington. Mr. Oodley, manager of the Planters Production Credit Corporation here, was named by Representative E. C. (Took) Oathings and the Arkansas Agricultural Council. He will fly to Washington Tuesday. • Agricultural credit problems will comprise the bulk of discussion material. Farm leaders from Maine, Mississippi and South Dakota will join Mr. Oodley In appearing before the committee. Mr. Godley will be Arkansas' sole representative at the hearing. Fined for Drunk Driving Dnmk driving charges against Prank Snider,were heard In Munl- ilpal Court today. Snider was found :ullty and fined $100 and costs and •enUmced to one day in j*il. Church Women Jo Hear M.L.Ellis Hendrix President 1 Addresses Group At 7:30 Tonight Some 235 delegates to the Methodist Church's Woman's Society of the North Arkansas Conference in session here will hear Dr. Matt Ellis, president of Hendrix College, Conway, at First Methodist Church tonight. Tonight's session begins at 7:30. In a pledge service last night, directed by Mrs. Ben DeVoll of Paragould, conference treasurer, the fight district treasurers pledged a total of $55.600 for th work of the coming year. Pledges by districts were: Batesville, $5.000; Comvay, $7.650; Fayetteville. $8.000; Forrest City, $8.725; Ft. Smith. $8,500; Jonesboro, $9,425; Paragould, $3.800; and Searcy $4500. ' Mrs. Alex Mitchell of Paris was elected secretary of youth to succeed Mrs. John Thiel of Paragould, who resigned. Scholarship Set Up As a memorial to Miss Dora Hooker, retired deaconess in the conference who died the past year, the society set up a work scholarship of S350 at Hendrix College. II will be given to a junior or senior pre-theology student select- See METHODIST on Page 11 Weather MISSOURI—Partly cloudy north- last and clearing west and south onight; with gradually diminishing rinds; colder tonight with freezing r near freezing temperatures north and west central; mostly fair ""hursday. colder east; low tonight .round 30 northwest to 35-40 south- ast; high Thursday 45-55 north. ARKANSAS-Partly cloudy and ooler this afternoon and tonight Mil the lowest 30 to 40 in north ortions tonight. Thursday (air 'fill moderate temperatures. Minimum this morning—50 Maximum yostorday—70. Sunrise tomorrow—5:27. Sunset today—6:32. Preclp. 24 hours to 7 a.m ,35. Preclp. alnco Jan. 1—18.14, Mcnn temperature (midway hctwcea Rh and low)—CO. Normal and mean for April— II. This Date tail Year Minimum this morning—40, Maximum yrstrrtlay—48. Preclp. Jan. 1 I* d»t*—M.M.