The National Era from Washington, District of Columbia on October 27, 1859 · 4
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The National Era from Washington, District of Columbia · 4

Washington, District of Columbia
Issue Date:
Thursday, October 27, 1859
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I __ 172-;- ?*~*5 WASHINGTON, D. C. MR. C1IA3E AT WOOSTER. We make further extracts from the excellent speech of Mr. Chesc at Wooster, Ohio, in exposition of Mr. Douglas's doctrine of popular sovereignty: _ i A. ? , ArrorvrtD jidces. There is another thirl* which seem3to be of aoaie importance. If the people are to be free to regulate their own affairs, they want their own judiciary; above all things, they want their own judiciary, which is to construe their Constitution and all their laws, and to determine every question of private right between man I and man. We have got that here in Ohio, but how :a it ia the Territory? This very bill which J udge Doagits brought in, and which he refers to as his 91 million of his patent notion of popolar sovereignty, gives to the President the fower to appoint the Judges of the Territory. saw at oace that it was a thing the people needed, and proposed, if we were going to leave this people to regulate their own affairs, to give them an honest system, and I 'ftoved to amend the bill by giving the people the power to elect their own Judges. Who voted for that ? The Repablk-ans. Who against it? These same Democrats; these men who pride themselves to-dny upon their advocacy of popular sovereigntv. Then the people of the Territory, by this Kansas-Nebraska bill, which Mr. Douglas always appeals to with such peculiar pleasure as kis hill, as " my Kansas-Nebraska bill," [laughter.] had constituted for them a Governor ; ix defined the powers of that Governor: it refused to give to that people power to exclude Slavtrv, and the power of its Legislature was control led by & veto; it refuted to them the power to elect their own Governor, but said, behold this grand embodiment of free institutions upon the plains of Kansas; there is a people who are controlled in every important respect by the Federal authority; behold a people left perfectly free to regulate their owu institutions in their own way. [Laughter and applause.] Was there ever a more transparent humbug oo the face of the earth ? Is it not amusing that a man, uuder the light of the nineteenth century, can be found to go among the people, and be the especial friend and ad? voc&te of popular rights, when he sends men into a Territory bound haud and foot, exposed to the greatest, curse of humauity, and without power to liberate them "-elves ? ABOUT CGPY-RIGHTEO ARTICLES. But Judge Douglas tells us the people have some power. A few words as to that, and then I shall say nothing more. ] Mr. Douglas tells us that he thinks the peo- ; pi? liarc got some sort of power. lie has got ( this magazine article, in which he lays down , his ideas of popular sovereignty, and he tells us that this "pre:U harmonious party" is divided ( into three divisions by ''radical "differences of i opinion." (ihat is a singular kind of harmony,) he savt, which " seriously disturbs its harmony, and threatens its unity." I don't think its in- , tegrity need he cared much about [Laughter.] | What are his divisions? " 1. Those who h' lieve that the Constitution , of the United States neither establishes nor ] prohibits Slavery in the States or Territories , beyvnd the power of the people legally to control il, but 4 leaves the people thereof perfectly free to form and regulate their domestic insti- ; tutious in tJieir own way, subject only to the Constitution of the United States.' " 2. Thoee who believe that the Constitution j establishes Slavery in the Territories, and with- , Ldids from Congress and tlie Territorial Legislature the power to control it; and who iusist that, in tie event the Territorial Legislature ( fails to enai't the requisite laws for its protec- , tion, it become* the imperative duty of Congress to interpose 't3 authority, and furnith such protection. "3. Those who, while frofcssing to believe that the Constitution establish f'* Slavery iu the Territories beyond the power of Co^ress or the Icrritorial Legislature to control it, at the samv time protest against the duty of Congress to interfere for its protection ; but insist that it id the duty of the Judiciary to protect and maintain Slavery in the Territories, without juny law upon the subject." "To control it." Not to exclude it, you observe. You are not to turn the hogs out of vour corn win n tlscy come in, but you may control thorn while they are eating your corn. [Laughter.] This consists of <wo-frop?>4tio?a. You will _ obst: vcj in the fl#?t place, the (Constitution44 does r S \ - not establish Slavery in tin? Territory beyond the power of the people legally to control it. What is lepallv ? They may control it so far . as the law atiows them. What is the law? The Dred Scott decision. It l eaves the people perfectly irc-e, subject to the Constitution? that is, the Coiuututiou leaves the people perfectly free, subject to the Constitution, ihe Constitution leaves the inhabitants just as free as the Constitution leaves them! [Laughter.] That is a miserable truism, and it i3 mere words, signifying nothing but one projiosilion, and that is, that Slavery is in the Territory, ana the people, some way or other, may control it there. Let us see what Mr. Douglas lays down when he comes into Ohio. When he was at Columbus and Cincinnati, he laid down divers propositions, in which he began almost to talk of excluding Slavery. Wheu lie got up here, some one Lad put into his hands Judge Black's pamphlet?Jerry Black, as he called him, or Black Jerry, as seme men call him, and his anxiety ia to pr, tect himself from being unfaithful to the jL-'red Scott decision and the slaveholders. What o'.ocs he say? Judge Black had said that Dongiu'8 claimed for the people ofThe Territories sovereignty: not that they could keep Slavery out of tltf4 Territory, but that, after tbey had got it into to* Territory, then, in some way or other, they cnu?4 fJOntrol it so as to turn it oat. Judge Black said was inconsistent' with himself, because he bad <Veu,.d that sovereignty. lie (lJouglas) says: u This statement con- j taius a double falsehood. First, that I advo- j cate the conliacaxion of private nroix rtv: and 1 second, that I justify it ou the ground that a Territory is a sovereign power. I never said," eaj a he. u that a Territory is a sovereign power.'' I should like to know where popular sovereignty is, then. It is not in a Territory, ac- j cording to this. He goes on: "I nev-T uttered 1 ouch a piece of nonsense in any speech or re- ! port that I ever made or wrote. The author of the statement knows that I never did, for he occupies the last two pages of his pamphlet in proving that I said, over and over again, that a Territory was uot a sovereign power. He cjuote3 l'rom my report?wow observe?' The sovereignty of a Territory remain^ in abeyance.' 1 don't know what that means, but I suppose be does?suppose, however, it is not pamc^jarly important, it we should not know." " The sovereignly of a Territory," he says, " remains in abeyance?suspended ;n the United States." Suspended! [Laughter.) Where is it? It is I suspended somewhere in the United States. Hung up to dry, 1 presume. [Lauguior.j "In trust lor the people until they shall be admitted as a State. J ust look at that! The people of a Territory have no sovereignty, he says here, until they come to be admitted as a State. This is exactly whet I charged in leoO, tbat thev did not mean thnt the ]?eople of a Territory should eixrcisc the rights of sovereignty until tbey came u? be admitted as a State, "in the meantime "?just aeo what the people of a Territory ruay do in the men* time? and a vcrv utouu Llw.? hud ul it. (! . -- J ? They are admitted UMtujoy aii the right* and priocjolcs of scli'goveruniect, insubordination to the ?oaatkutioa of the United duties, &nd iu obedience lo the organic law, passed by Cojsgress in pursuance of that iu^trucicnt," Look at that, Vet fcvb&t stump iu tie State has not fulminated with the denunciations of the Democracy against the idea of the power of Congress; and yet Judge Douglas, in his argument to prove that he "was not a rfhel against the Constitution, says that llic people have no power, except that which they cxercM-? under the organic hiw passed hy Congress. ^ continues: \ *' These %ights and privileges are && derived from the Constitution through the act Ct C:9?p gress, afcd mur. be rxercised atid-en)nye? u? ^abjection to sd!fj?e limitations and restrictions vtkieh thai Cor.stjtatwn imposes. Is not all Lata a heauUw;! illustration of this ' humbug " that they call Popular Sorertigntj ? Can Uw y saj, themselves, that the people ]. ive any power, except what they derb'v under the art td <J uagaaas i - . ... Judge Douglas goes on to tell us that he believ'jtf the dooirir;* that slaves are property in the 'iYniiory, only that * thiy are no more property than any other'property .w That is very u-TcifuL 1 dou'f know that the worst slaveholder in the country ever contended for tnore iLin thai. J ? - t* . . r, . ,XC*CXlaf 4 iff ' jh .SARPfEVS FERRY INSURRECTION. Baltimore, Oct. 18, 18o'J. The Baltimore infantry troops have just arrived, aud are now marching to the armories. Their services were no longer required at Har- . per's Ferry, the Government and \ irginia troops being amply sufficient for all emergeucies. The renort of the American commences with a notice of the originators. The principal originator of this short bat bloody insurrection was undoubtedly Capt. John Brown, whose connection with scenes of violence in the border warfare in Kansas then made his name familiarly notorious throughout the whole country. Brown made his first appearance in Harper's Ferry more than a year ago, accompanied by his two sons?all three of them assuming the name of Smith. He inquired about land in the vicinity, and made investigations as to the probability of finding ores there, and for some , time boarded at Sandy Point, a mile east of , the Ferry. After %n absence of some months, , the elder Brown reappeared in' the vicinity, , and rented or leased a farm on the Maryland > side, about four miles from the Ferry. They bought a large number of picks and spades, , and this confirmed ihe belief that they intended to mine for ores. They were freqnently seen , in and about Harper's Ferry, but no suspicion , seems to have existed that " Bill Smith was ] Capt. Brown, or that he intended embarking , in any movement so desperate or extraordina- , ry. Yet the development of the plot leaves no ( doobt that his visits to the Ferry and his lease < of the farm were all parts of his preparation for j an insurrection, which he supposed wonld be , successful in exterminating Slavery in Mary- , land and Western Viiginia. , Brown's chief aid was John E. Cook, a com- ] ]i<iraiivcij juul^ uiifcuj miu una rcniucu iu mju near Harper's Ferry some years. He was first employed in tending lock on the canal, and afterward taught school on the Maryland side of the river; and after a brief residence in Kansas, where, it is supposed, he became acquainted with Brown, returned to Harper's Ferry, and married there. He was regarded as a man of some intelligence, and known to be Anti-Slavery, but was not so violent in the expression of bis opinions as to excite any suspicions. These two men, with Brown's two sons, were the only white men connected with the insurrection that had been seen about Harper's Ferry. All were brought by Brown from a distance, and nearly all had been with him in Kansas. The first active movement in the insurrection was made at about 10$ o'clock on Sunday light. William Williamson, the watchman at Harper's Ferry bridge, while walking across toward the Maryland side, was seized by a number of men, who said he was their prisoner, md must come with them. He recognised Brown and Cook among the men, and, kuowing them, treated the matter as a joke; but, enforcing silence, they conducted him to the Armory, which he found already in their pos- ( r. uangerneia, raymasiera uierK. I hese three gentlemen were imprisoned in the enginehouse, which afterward became the chief fortress of the insurgents, and were not released until after the final assualt. The workmen were imprisoned in a large buildiDg further down the yard, and were rescued bv a brilliant Zouave 4?tsb, made by the railroad company's men who uwk lifiwn from Martinsbnrg. This was the conditiwi* of things at daylight, about which time Capt. Cook, fwo white men, accompanied by thirty slaves, and tauing with them Col. Washington's large wagon, went over the bridge and struck up the mountain-road toward Pennsylvania. It was then believed that a large wagon was I used to convey away the paymaster's safe, containing $17,000 Government foods, and also that it was filled with Minie rifles, taken out to supply other bauds in the mountains, who were to come down upon Harper's Kerry in overwhelming force. These suppositions proved untrue, as neither money nor arms were disturbed. As day advanced, and news spread around, and people came into the Ferry, the fin* demonstrations of resistauce were made to the inaarnecuiguuts. A general wartaie ?u#i*icnced, chiefly led on by a man named Chambers, wi,o~c house commanded the Armory yard. The ^ian named Hayward, a railroad porter, was shot1 earjy in the morning, for refusing to join the movement. The next man ?iwt w;i3 Joseph Burley. a citizen of the Ferry, lie shot standing in his own door. The insurrectionists by this time, (' 11 j! ?: r. a iftaaaailian ? aa...4 ? - * ? IliuuiKg IP MUU lU tUiliU UiCUlt una WILUdrawn nearly ait within the Armory grounds, leaving only a guard on the bridge. About this time, also. Samuel P, Voting, Esq., wan shot dead. He was coming into town on horseback, carrying a gun, when he ^ wn? (hot from the Armory, receiving a wound of whicft If died during the day. He was a ' graduate of West ^oint, and greatly respected ' in the neighborhood for his hUh character and noble qualities, j At about noon, the Charlestown troops, under . command of Col. Robert W. Baylor, crossed i the tshenandoah* sotae distance np, and marched dowu the Maryland side to the /wonth of the bridge. Firing a trolley, tfcey wode a: gallant dash across the bridge, dealing it of j the insnrrcctionists, who retreated rapidly down toward the Armory. In this movement of the ^^rectionists, a man named William Thompson prisoner. , The ibephefdan, y^u-oops next arrived, marching down the Sb?oau?a? atfg, ond joining the Chnriestowu forces at the bridge. 4. ipa-J|ory exchange of shots followed, one of wiucwMruoa, Mr. Fouutain Beckham, Major of the town, and - agent of the Railroad Company, entering his breast, and passing entirely through his body. The bail was a large elongated slug, and made a dreadful WQ4P4.- ^r- Beckham died, almost immediately, ile was without fire-arms, and was exposed for only a moment while approaching a water-station. His assailant, one of Brown's sous, was shot almost immediately, but session. 11c was detained till after daylight, , and then discharged. The watchman who was | to relieve Williamson at midnight, fonnd the ^ bridge lights all out, and was immediately . jeized. Supposing it an attempt at robbery, ( be broke away, and his pursuers stumbling , over him, he escaped. The next appearance of the insurrectionists ( was at the house of Col. Lewis Washington, a , large farmer ain^, slave-owner, living about four , miles from the Ferry. A party headed by Cook proceeded there, and rousing Col. Washington, , told him he was their prisoner. They also ] seized all the slaves near the house, took a carriage horse and a large wagon with two horses. \ When Col. Washington saw Cook, he imme- ( diately recognised him as the man who had ( called upon him some months previous, and to whom he had exhibited some valuable arms in his possession, including an antique sword presented by Frederick the Great to George Washington, and a pair of pistols presented by Lafayette to Washington, both being heir-looms in the family. Before leaving, Cook wanted , Col. Washington to engage in a trial of skill at shooting, and exhibited considerable certainty as a marksman. When he made the visit on Sunday night, he alluded to his previous visit, and the courtesy with which he had been treated, and regretted the necessity which made it hia duty to arrest Col. Washington. He, however, took advantage of the knowledge he had obtained by his former visit, to carry off all the valuable collection of arms, which the owner did not reobtain till after the final defeat of the insurrection. From Col. Washington's he proceeded with ( him as a prisoner in the carriage, and twelve of his negroes in the wagon, to the house of Mr. Allstadt, another large farmer on the same road. Mr. Allstadt and his son, a lad of sixteen, were taken prisoners, and all their negroes within reach forced to join the movement He then returned to the Armory at the Ferrv. All these movements seem to have been mane without exciting the slightest alarm in town, nor did the detention of Capt. Phelps's train at the upper end of thw town attract attention. It was not until the town thoroughly waked up and found the bridge guarded by armed men, and a guard stationed at all the avenues, that the people saw that they were prisoners. A panic appears to have immediately ensued, and the number of insurrectionists was at once increased from fifty (which was probably their greatest force, including the slaves who were forced to join) to from five to six hundred. In the mean time, a number of workmen, not knowing anything of wh&t Jiad occurred, entered the Armory, and were successively taken prisoners, until at one time they had hot less than sixty men confined in the Armory. Among those thus entrapped were : Armistead Hall, Chief Draughtsman of the Armory; Benjamin Mills, Master of the Arinorv: and J. E. l? l\ .1 U in I * * * * THE NAT t "h* * r J , * 1 1 1 " managed to get back to the engine house, where his body was found next day. The murder of Mr. Beckham greatly excited the populace, who immediately raised a cry to bring out the prisoner, Thompson. He was brought out on the bridge, and there shot down. He fell into the water, and some appearance of life still remaining, he was riddled with balls. At this time the general charge was made down the street from the bridge toward the Armory gate by the Oharleatown and Shepherdstown troops and Ferry people. From behind the Armory wall a fnsilade was kept np, and returned by the insurrectionists from the Armory buildings. While this was going on, the Martinsburg levies arrived at the upper end of the town, and, entering the Armory grounds by the rear, made an attack from that side. This force was largely composed of railroad empieyees, gathered from the tonnage trains at Martinsburg, and their attack was generally spoken of as showing the greatest amount of fighting pluck exhibited during the day. Dashing on, firing and cheering, and gallantly led by Captain Alburtis, they carried the building in which the Armory men were imprisoned, and released the whole of them. They were, however, but poorly armed, some witn pistols, ana others with shot-pans ; ana when they came within range of the enginebouse, where the tlitc of the insurrectionists were gathered, and were exposed to the rapid ind dexterous use of Sharpe's rifles, they were breed to fall back, suffering pretty severely. Conductor Evans Dorsey, of Baltimore, was tilled instantly, and Conductor George Richirdson received a wound from which he died luring the day. Several others were wounded, among them a son of Dr. Hammond of Martinsburg. A guerilla warfare was maintained during the rest of the day, resulting in the killing of two of the insurrectionists, and the wounding cf a third. One crawled out through a culvert leading into the Potomac, and attempted to cross to the Maryland side, whether with the view cf escaping, or conveying information to Cook, is not known. He was shot while crossing the river, and fell dead on the rocks. An adventurous lad waded out and secured his Sharpe's rifle. The body was afterward stripped of a part of its clothing. In one of his pockets was found a captain's commission, drawn up in full form, and declaring that the bearer, Captain Lehman, held that commission under Major General Brown. A light mulatto was shot jnst outside of the Armory gate. The ball went through the throat, tearing away the principal arteries, and killing him instantly. His name is not MHIWI1, UUl Ilt3 IS UI1C l/l IUC UUV UC^IUCB WIIU came with Brown. His body was left in the street until noon vpsterday, exposed to every indignity that could bo heaped upon it by the excited populace. At this time, a tall, powerful man, named Evans Stephens, came out from the Armory, conducting some prisoners, it was said. He was twice shot?once in the side, once in the breast. He was then captured, and taken to a tavern, and after the insurrection was quelled was turned over to the United States authorities in a dying condition. Duriilg the afternoon, a sharp little affair took place on th^ Shenandoah side of the town. The insurrectionists had also seized Hall's rifle works, and a party of their assailants found their way in through a mill-race, and dislodged them. In this rencontre, it was said, three insurrectionists wore killed, but we found but one dead body, that of a negro, on that side of the town. Night by this time had set in, and operations ceased. Guards were placed around the Armory, and every precaution taken to prevent escapes. At eleven o'clock, the Monday night train, with Baltimore military and marines, arrived at Sandy Hook, where they waited for the arrival of Col. Lee, deputized by the War Department to take the command. The reporters pressed on, leaving their military allies behind; they found the bridge in the possession of the military, and entered the besieged town without difficulty, the occasional report of a gun or singing motion df a Sharpe's rifle ball warning them that it was advisable to keep themselves out of the range of the Armory. The first visit was made to the bedside of Aaron Stevens, the wounded prisoner; they found him to be a large, exceedingly athletic man, a perfect Samson in appearance, lie was in a small soom, filled with excited armed men, who more than once threatened to shoot him, where he was groaning with pain, but answering with composure and apparent willingness every question in relation to the fray in which he was engaged. He said he was a native of Connecticut, but had lately lived in Kansas, where he knew Captain Brown. He had also served in the United States army. The sole object of his attempt was to give the negroes freedom^ and Brown had represented that as soon as tlu-y seized the Armory, the negroes would flock to them by thousands, and they would soon have force enough for their purpose?one fbr which he would sacrifice his life?but he said he thought Browu had been greatly deceived. He said that preparations had been making for some months for a movement, but thit the whole force consisted of seventeen white men and five free negroes. This statement was repeated without variation by all the prisoners with whom we conversed. All agreed as to the ni|tnber in the movement, and as to its objectsj which some called the work of philanthropy. Lewis Leary, a negro shot at the rifle mill, stated, before he died, that he enlisted with Capt. Brown for the insurrection at a fair held in Lorraine county, Ohio, and received the money to pay his expenses. Tboy all came down to Chambersburg, Pa., and from there they travelled across the country to Brown's farm. The night passed without any serious alarms, but not without excitement. The marines were marched over immediately after their arrival, when Col. Lee stationed them within the Armory grounds, so as to completely surround the engine-house. Occasionally, shots were fired by country volunteers, but what for was not escertained. There was only one return fire from the insurgents. The broken telegraph was soon repaired, through the exertions of Superintendents Westervelt and Taicott, \yho accompanied the expedition. The announcement that communication was opened with Baltimore gave the press representatives abundant employment. There was no bed to he had, and daylight was awaited with anxiety. Its earliest glimpses were availed of to survey the scene. A visit to the different localities in which the PftrnaPR nf flip inknrrprtinniala wo*-** lrr!n? __.j- V'"6 and bloody, a peep close or far off, according to tho courage of the observer, at the Malakoff of the insurgents, wag the established order of sight seeing, varied with a discussion of all sorts of terrible rumors. The building in which the insurgents had made their stand was the fire-engine-house, and no doubt the most defensible building in the Armory. It has dead brick walls on three sttUa, ^4 on the fourth large doors, with window sashes aoovc, #o:ne eight feet from the ground. A dead stillness surrounded the butWings, and, except that now and then a man might De seen peeping from the nearly-closed door, and a uog'u nose slightly protruding, there was no sign of life, much less of hostility, given. Various opinions yrer* gi?en as to the number of persons within, and the amount of resistance tbey would be able to offer. The eantton eonld not be used without endangering the safety of Col. Washington, Mr. Daugerfield, Mr. Ball, and other citizens, whom they still held prisoners. The doors and walls of the bnilding had been pierced for rifles, but it was evident that from these holes no range could be had. and that without opening ,UtO door they would be shooting in the dark. Man7 thought that the murder of the prisoner^ held was determined upon, and that a fight to the death wdtlld be toe ending of th,ejf c^spvrate attempt. While {hp people <hu5 looked and speculated, the door was opcued; fcn4 one of the men came out with a flag of trnco, aua del;?e*eff yhat was supposed to be terms of capitulation. Th? continued preparations for assault showed tbey were assented. Shortly after seven o'clock, Lieut. E. B. Of lst cavalry, who was feting as aid for Col. Lee, to parley wuti U.e ieged, Samuel Stridor, Esq., uftQld aud respectable citizen, liearing a flag of truce. They were received at the dc*,r bv Capt. Brown. Lieut. Stuart demanded an uncond&iuiuJ surrender, only promising them protection from immediate violence, and a trial by law. Captain Brown refused all terms but those previously demanded, which were, substan tially, "Jhat they should be permitted tc / ? Ml TONAL ERA: WASHES march out with their men and arms, taking their prisoners with them; that they shonld proceed unpursued to the second toll gate, when they would free their prisoners. The soldiers would then be permitted to pursue them, and they would tight if they could not escape." Of course, this was refused; and Lieut. Stuart pressed upon Brown his desperate position, and urged a surrender. The expostulation, though beyond ear-shot, was evidently very earnest; and the coolness of the Lieutenant, and the courage of his aged flag-bearer, Won warm praise. At this moment, the interest of the scene was most intense. The volunteers were arranged all around the building, cutting off au escape in every direction. The marines, divided in two squads, were ready for a dash at the door. Finally, Lieut. Stuart, having exhausted all argument with the determined Captain Brown, walked slowly from the door. Immediately the signal for attack was given, and the marines, headed by Col. Harris and Lieut. Green, advanced in two lines on each side of the door. Two powerful fellows sprung between the lines, and, with heavy sledge hammers, attempted to batter down the door. The doors swung and swayed, bat appeared to be secured with a rope, the spring of which deadened the effect of the blows. Failing thus, they took hold of a ladder, some forty feet long, and, advancing at a run, brought it with trc- ; mendous effect against the door. At the sec- j ond blow, it gave way, one leaf falling inward in a slanting position. The marines iramedi- j ately advanced to the breach, Major Russell j and Lieut. Green leading. A marine in front i fell The firing from the interior was rapid and sharp. They fired with deliberate aim, and for a moment the resistance was serious and desperate enough to excite the spectators to something like a pitch of frenzy. The next tnoraunt, the mariues poured in, the firing ceased, and the work was done, while cheers rang from every side?the general feeling being that the ! I J J iL.! A J -11 marines nau uuua uieir pari, aamiramy. When the insurgents were brought out? | some dead, and others wounded?they we e i greeted with execrations, aud only the precau- j tions that had been taken saved them from immediate execution. The crowd, nearly every j man of which carried a gun, swayed with tu- ( multnous excitement, and cries of u Shoot , them!" " Shoot them!" rang from every side. The appearance of the liberated prisoners?all of whom, through the steadiness of the marines, escaped injury?changed the current of feeling, and prolonged cheers took the place of howls and execrations. In the assault, private Rupert of the marines received a ball in the stomach, and was believed : to be fatally wounded. Another received a slight flesh wound. The lawn in front of the engine-house after the assault presented a dreadful sight. Laying on it were two bodies of men killed on the previous day, and found inside the house; three wounded men, one of them just at the last gasp of life, and two others groaning in pain. One of the dead was Brown's son Ottoway; the i wounded man and his son Watson were lying on the grass, the father presenting a gory spec- j tacle. He had a severe bayonet wound in his side, and his face and hair were clotted with blood. A short time after Capt. Brown was brought out, he revived, and talked earnestly to those about him, defending his course and avowing , that he had done only what was right. He replied to Questions substantiallv as follows ; Arc you Capt. Brown of Kansas? I am sometimes called so. Are you Ossawatomie Brown ? I tried to do my duty there. What was your present object? To free the slaves from bondage. Were any other persons but those with you now connected with the movement? No. Did you expect aid from the North? No 5 there was no one connected with the movement but those who came with me. Did you expect to kill people in order to carry your point? I did not wish to do so, but you forced us , to it. Various questions of this kind were put to Capt. Brown, which he answered clearly and ; freely, with seeming anxiety to vindicate him- j self. He urged that he had the town at his mercy; j that he could have burnt it, and murdered the inhabitants, but did not; he had treated the Erisoners with courtesy, and complained that ' e was bunted down like a beast. He spoke ! of the killing of his son, which he alleged was done while bearing a flag of truce, and seemed very anxious for the safety of his wounded son. His conversation bore the impression of the con- j viction that whatever he had done to free slaves , was right, and that in the warfare in which he was engaged he was entitled to be treated with , all the respect of a prisoner of war. He seemed fully convinced that he was badly treated, and had a right to complain. Although at first considered dying, an examination of his wounds proved that they were not necessarily fatal. He expressed a desire to live, and to be tried by his country. In his pockets nearly $300 were found in gold. Several important papers, found in his possession, were taken charge of by Col. Lee, on behalf of the Government. The following is a fragment of a letter found in Brown's pocket: "Capt. Brown?Dear Sir: I have been] uiBnppuimeu in utn Beemg you nere ere tins to take charge of your freight. They hare been here now two weeks, and 1 hare had to saporintend the proriding for them?it has imposed upon me no small task; besides, and if not soon taken off, some of them will go back to Missouri. I wish to know definitely what you propose doing. They cannot be kept here much longer without risk to themselrea, and if any of them conclude to go back to the State, it will be a bad termination to your enterprise." [The foregoing occupies a page of fine note paper, straw-tinted, is written in pencil, and not dated, and was evidently written by a person of education, and the freight he had was, no doubt, that usually carried on the underground railroad.] Besides Captain Brown, the prisoners taken arc?his son, who is seriously injured in the abdomen, and who is not likely to live; Edward Coppich, who belonged to Iowa; and a negro named Shields Green, who came from Pittsburgh to join Brown. The stories of all these men are precisely the same. They agree as to the objects proposed to be accomplished, and the number of persons in the movement. Young Brown, in answer to a question, said there were persons in the North connected with the movement, thus differing with his father on this point. Coppich, the other white prisoner, is quite yonng, and seems less shrewd than the others. He said he did not wish to ioin the expedition, and when asked, gave a reply which showed the influence which Brown had over him. He said," Ah, you gentlemen don't know Capt. Brown; when he calls for us, we never think of refusing to come." Several slaves were found in the room with the insurrectionists, but it is believed that they were there unwillingly. Indeed, Brown's expectation as to slaves rushing to him was entirely disappointed. None seem to have coinu to hijn willingly, and in most cases were forced to desert toe?r masters. But one instance iu which slaves made a public appearance with arms in their hands is related. A negro who had been sharply used by one of the town people, when he found that he had a pike iu his qaod, used his brief authority to arrost the citizen, and have him taken to the Armory. The citizens imprisoned by the insurrectionists all testify to their lenient treatment. They were neither tied nor insulted, and, beyond the outrage of restricting their liberty, were not ill usod, Cant. Brown was always j courteous to them, and at all times assured them that they should not be injured. He explained his purposes to them, and while he had them (the workmen) in confinement, made an ' abolition speech to them. Col. Washington speaks of him as a man of extraordinary nerve. IJe nevey blanched during the v saault, though he admitted in the nirht escape was impossible, and that he jroi44 *&ve |o a.$. When the door was broken down, one of his mow e^clgitped, (* 1 surrender/' The Captain immediately wrwd Qjjt, P ^here's one surreu- i ders; give him quarter ;M and at the s;>me i meat fired his own rille at the door. During the previous night he spoke freely with Col, Washington, and referred to his sons. He said he bad lost one in Kansas, and two i [ here. He had not pressed them to join him 11 in the expedition, but did not regret their loss. They had di$4 -Q ? glorious cause. > The position of'the prisoners in the enginc. house during the firing on Moii'day, and at the ? moment of the attask, was a very trying one, t. S few* fc iGHfON, D. 0., OCTOBE ; i < u i '44Without any of the incentives of combat, they had to risk the balls of their friends, but happily they all escaped. At the moment when the doors were broken in, the prisoners, at the suggestion of CoL Washington, threw up their hands, so that it might be Been they were not combatants. n.,-;.,,, : r.e w.^ino. LUMlUiUgj wi ?? ton s negroes came in, and reported that Capt. Cook was on the mountain, only three miles off; about the same time some shots were said to have been fired from the Maryland hills, and a rapid fusikule a as returned from Harper's Ferry. The Independent Greys, of Baltimore, immediately started on a -scouting expedition, and in two hours returned, with two wagons, loaded with arms and ammunition, found at Capt. Browu's house. The arms consisted of boxes filled with Sharpe's rifles, pistols, &c., all bearing the stamp of the Massachusetts Manufacturing Com pany, Chicopee, Massachusetts. There were also found a quautity of United States ammunition, a large number of spears, sharp iron bowjg knives fixed upon poles?a terrible looking weapon, intcuded for the use of the negroes?with spades, pickaxes, shovels, and everything else that might be needed?thus proving that the expedition was well provided for, that a large party of men were expected to he armed, and that abundant meaus had been provided to pay all expenses. How all these supplies were got up to this farm without attracting observation is very strange. They are supposed to have been brought through Pennsylvania. The Greys pursued Cook so fast that they secured a part of his arms, but, with bis more perfect knowledge of localities, he was enabled to evade them. On tlipir arrival at. t.hp F?irr tlio evening's spoils, they were greeted with hearty cheers. The wagons were driven into the Armory yard, and given into the custody of the Government. As everybody eke helped themselves, why should not the Greys have a share of the spoils ? The insurrectionists did not attempt to rob the paymaster's department at the Armory. A large amount of mouey was there, but it was not disturbed. Perfect order having been restored, the military, with the exception of the United States marines^ who remained in charge of the prisoners, left in various trains for home. An immense train brought the Baltimore troops (accompanied by the Frederick troops to the junction) home. HIUHJL.Y IMPORTANT THE STATEMENT OF " OI.D BROWN.'' The Hon. Henry A. Wise, Governor of Virginia, has established his quarters in the hotel at Harper's Ferry, and is extending his investigation of the insurrection in every direction. Wituesses were being hourly brought before him, and the most alarming proof of a formidable plot was being gradually traced out. Parties of scouts ou horseback, and accompanied by bounds, bad gone to the mountains in search of others of the implicated parties, and for the purpose of recapturing any parties of slaves that might be found making their way into the free States. The Governor is aided in his investigations pcct the aid of from 2,000 to 5,000 men at auy time I wanted. Help was promised me from Maryland, Kentucky, North and South Carolina. Virginia, and Canada. The blow was struck a little too soon. The passing of the train (Phelps's, on Sunday night) did the work against us?that killed us. 1 should not have let it pass. But I only regret I have failed in my designs, but I have no apologies to make or concessions to ask now. Had we succeeded, when our arms and fuuds were exhausted by an increasing army, contributions would have been levied on the slaveholders, and their property appropriated to defray expenses, and carry pn the war of Freedom. Haa I known Government money was iu the safe here, I would have appropriated it." Old Brown here appeared quite exhausted, and leaned back in his bed, looking calmly around. Gov. Wise told him he bad better be preparing for death, to which Brown responded, that he, (the Governor,) though he might live fifteen years, would have a good deal to answer for at last, and had better be preparing now too. copt ok xiik anonymous letter?a clue to the mystery. The following is a copy of the anonymous letter sent to the Hon. Secretary of War, from Cincinnati, some two mouths since, and which aliords a clue to the mystery of the insurrection at Harper's Ferry. "Cincinnati, August 20. "Sir: I have lately received information of a movement of so great importanoe that I feel it to be my duty to impart it to you without delay. ; " I have discovered the existence of a secret association, having for its object the liberation of the slaves of the South, by a general insurrection. The leader of the movement is ' Old l .. a t i.t e v u~ i v. j'jnri /jruH M, miu ui ivansns. uc uao uccu ill Canada during the winter, drilling tbe negroes there, and they are only waiting his word to start for the Sonth to assist the slaves. Tbey have one of their leading men (a white man) m an armory in Maryland ; where it is Bitn&tea 1 am not enabled to learn. " A.8 soon as everything is ready, those of * their number who are in the Northern States and Canada are to come in small companies to their rendezvous, which is in tbe mountains of Virginia. Thev will pass down through Penn sylvania and Maryland, and enter Virginia at Harper's Ferry. Brown lefi the North about threO or four weeks ago, and will arm the ne.groes and strike a blow in a few weeks, so that whatever is done must be done at once. They have a large quantity of arms at their rendezvous, and are probably distributing them already. I am not faliy in their confidence. This is all the information I can give you. u I dare not sign my name to this, but trust that you will not disregard this warning on that aecoant." <WU '.r*u?X : :?.? . i < .. osno mi b * by District Attorney Ould, of Washington, who has prepared the papers necessary for the commitment to jail of those of the insurgents captured. < The following is the only correct list of the insurgents killed and captured, both black and white, with their nativity and places of residence : LIST OF THE INSURGENTS. Whiten.?Gen. John llrown, Oliver Brown, and Walter Brown, of New York; Aaron C. Stevens, Connecticut; Kdwin Coppee, Iowa; I Albert Haslett, Pennsylvania; William H. Leeman, Maine; John 1). Cook (not arrested) und Samuel Taylor, Connecticut; Charles P. Tidd, Maine ; William Thomson and Dolph Thompson, New York; John Kaigie, Ohio, (brought up in Virginia;) Jerry Anderson, Indiana. Negroes. ? Dangerford Newbrv, Ohio?formerly of Virginia; O. P. Anderson, Pennsylvania; Emperor, New York?formerly of South Carolina; Lewis Leary and Copeland, Obcrlin, Ohio?formerly of Virginia. Old Gen. Ossawatomie Brown and Aaron C. Stevens are still alive. They lie in their beds guarded, and none but the Burgeons and attendants .are nllowcd to enter the rooms. Brown has nine wounds, and Stevens three wounds on his person. Edward Coppee is unhurt, and with the negro Copeland was yesterday taken to the jail at Charlestown, Va. Einperor, also negro, is in chains at Harper's Ferry. These five are the miserable remnant of the fanatical hand. ( THE GOVERNOR'S INTERVIEW WITH OLD BROWN. ' Yesterday morning, Gov. Wise, accompanied by District Attorney Ould and several others, visited this remarkable man in his bed-room. Brown was propped up in his bed, evidently suffering great pain from his numerous wounds, but with his mind collected, aud looking calmly about him, now and then giving vent to a groan. The Uovernor, after questioning him several times, got him into a talkative mood, and he voluntarily made the following important disclosures: i "I rented the 'Kennedy Farm' from Dr. Kennedy, of Sharpsburg, Washington county, Md., and named it after him. Here I ordered to be sent from the East all things required for my undertaking. The boxes were double, so no one could suspect the contents of them, even the carters engaged in hauling them up from the wharf. All boxes and packages were j directed to J. Smith & Son. I never had more than 22 men about the place, but I had it so arranged that I could arm, at any time, 1,500 men, with the following arms: 200 Sharpe's rifles, 200 Mayuard's revolvers, 1,000 spears and tomahawks. I would have armed the whites with the rifles and pistols, and the Macks with the spears, they not being sufficiently familiar with the other arms. "I had plenty of fixed ammunition and enough provisions, and had a good risht to ex R 27, 186?: PORTRAIT OF DR. BAILEY, EDITOR OF " THE"MJlTIOPfAl. ERA." ASPLbNDID MTMOGRAI'HiC PORTRAIT OP i?K. II Ai I >EY, ark wS bv D Avignon, fro in annrici nal photograph by McCfecs.T* ju'-t published by C. H BKAINARD,No. 7 Treraont Raw, Norton. Price One Dollar; an receiptor winch sum. it will be sent./res of ponagr. to any part of the Upned Stater. Site of ihe print 19 by *24 inches. Uniform with the above, and furnished on lha same term*, portrait* of Charles Sunnier, Salmon P. Chase, Theodore Parker, Ralph Waldo Emerson, John Sherman, and John P. Ha e. ' JUST PUBLISHED, A splendid portrait of HENRY W. LONGFELLOW, By D'Avignon, from an original daguerreotype. "It looks the poet, the maker, and the sec, as he ap pears in his best arid truest aspect."? AtUu and Be*. Address CHARLES H. BRAINARD, 655 w 7Tremr.nt Row, Boston. HOTEL AND RESTAURANT, Long known as the Casparis House, Washington, D. C.j FOR RENT OR LEASE. A Pare opportunity for a competent person to embark in a very profitable business, OR FOR MEMBERS OF CCONGRESS TO SECURE a MOST DESIRABLE CLUB-HOUSE. Till* excellent establishment is no-t eligibly situated within one hundred yards of the United States Capitol, being the nearest building of the kind to the two Houses <>i Congress. Members of Congress have taken rooms every year, and have bestowed the highest praise upon its convenience and healthy location. The propn eto', having been engaged for many ytars in the hotel business. 11art it butll a few years ago under his own supervis.ou. and it is therefore tarnished throughout with all the necessary appliances requisite in a first class hotel. It contain* forty airy ramus, including the fin st bar-room of any hotel in tbo city, with an excellent wine cellar attached; a Billiard room, for two tallies; Bowling-saloon. with two alleys; and a Pistol and Rifle Gallery IM feet long; a fine Kitcoen, with superior Kitnge, and a Dining room which will comfortably seal 175 per ions. Bells for all the rooms. Gas throughout the house. Also Water, together with several Bath rooms, tor warm, cold, or shower-baths. A Stable. Chicken house, and numerouso'.her out buildings, with a good garden,are attached to the premises. None but responsible persons need apply, and to such terras will be made very easy, and possession given im mediately. Application should be made without delay, as Members of Congress and others who intend 10 remain iu VVashiiigiKi during the coming long session generally engage ap&itineuts early in the Call. Addrdss JAMES CASPARIS, 600 "* Capitol Hill, Washington, D. C. RIGHT KIND ATTRACTION. TRACT EDITION OF STOCKTON'S PERIODICAL new testament, JUST OUT t ALL COMPLETE I 27 Books, waking 1176 pages, for 75 cents. Besides the illustrated edition, <50 cents a number, or #5 in whoIeJMr. Stockton has just is sued a CHEAP TRACT EDITION of the New Testa ment, for uiuversal separate distribution and use; con laming, it is believed, the Best Copy of the Authorised Version la the language, in Paragraph Form; without Head Lines, but with Marginal Renderings. Each of lb* >r kAAki hv with UA own Till^navp Tpit ridI In dex, complete ; making in all, 1026 pages of Text, with 160 pages of Index, or 1176 pages in whole. Printed oi *5 paper, from long-primer type, wok leaded, open linesall as plain and readable as can be. Price 75 cents lot me 27 Books; or 35 cents for any selection of 500 pages. Sent by mail, Poet Free. Books Ftgts Pricu. Books. Paftt. Priest Matthew, 130 8 ct?. I Timothy, 20 1 ct? 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A full description and terms of sale of any or all of the following farms, with a general d? seription of the country near Washington, and the advantages it offers to emigrants over the western ouites, win De sent to any applicant who encloses one letter stamp to WINSLOW M. WATSON k CO., Columbia Land Office, G8 Indiana av., Washington, Z>. C. No. 2.?2SGJ acres of land, 17 miles frora Washington, adjoining Fairfax Court House, Virginia. Uood brick dwelling and modern outbuildings. A good grain and grass farm. Price $28 per acre. No. 3.?722 acres of land on the Po-, tomac, 22 miles below Washington. On it a comfortable house, a barn, and a steam saw-mill. Wood and timber enough can be sold off to pay what is asked for it. Price $20 per acre. No. 4.?350 acres of land in Fairfax county, Va., about 27 miles from Washington. Excellent and commodious buildings. As a dairy farm, it cannot be excelled In Eastern Virginia. Price $35 per acre. 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Comprising Bible, Creed, Prayers, Poetry, Pictures, and M usic! dyimg chabge of rev. dudley a. tykg. A CHEIS.IAN BALLAD. Price: paper, 40 cents; plain cloth, 50 cents, cloth gill, OS cents. Sent post free, on receipt of price. hear the common voice of the press. "Neatly and tastefully got up. Contents attraetive in an eminent degree."?liorlh Amtritan anrf V. S. Gazriu. j "One of the neatest und most attractive little works j ever issued ' ?The Press. 44 A very pious will-written production, such as may I t>e sung with propriety in any Christian family. The I work is gotten up with admirable illustrations."?Evening BuiUtin. 4,lt should be in every family in the land."?Ptnnsyl- j e<?nia?. " It i* a beautiful tribute to the lamertrd Tyng, the au thor of the cliurge, 'Stand up for Jesus,' and w il be useful in rousing thousands to imitate bis bright example."? New York Observer. 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It tins inspired 1 much devotional feeling, and tbe poem so appropriately 1 illustrated in lias Ituie volume was one of the first fruits 1 of that fceliug. The volume contains some additional I poems, of no less merit than the one named, and will be ! acceptable to readers of every dcootLtnaiion."?N. Y. 1 Commercial Advertiser. Great pains have been taken to prepare in all respects 1 a handsome and useful book. Cash orders supplied as 1 received. Address < T. H. STOCKTON, 819 1,400 Chestnut St., S. W. eor Broad, Phila. , FOB THE CHILD EES ! j BRACE GREENWOODS LITTLE PILGRIM j THE CHEAPEST AND BEST PERIODICAL FOB | CHILDREN EXTANT! " We say emphatically, that the Little Pilgrim is die f bc?t penodical for young people now published, at home ' or abroad, in the Engltsa language.? Tlu Press. A new volume will begin with the number for January 1 LK&W. in which will be commenced a story by MARY 1 HOW ITT, called THE FAIB7 GODMOTHER! Also, a beautiful Italian story, railed Little Angela and His Whit* Mice, By GRACE GREENWOOD herself, a host of othei good things?Stories. Sketches, Poems, Child sayings, Ire., by numerous ana brilliant authors, also, Rebusses, Puzzles, Charades, Ac., will combine to make ih? new volume unusually attractive. NOW IS THE TIME TO SL'BSCRIBK! * TERMS ?ONLY FIFTY CENTS ? v??. ? nA, n..r. \ IE7" Specimen copies, containing club rates a list el 1 Premiums, tf , will be sent free, to all whs request lUeir ' Address, post paid always, c LEAH PER K. LIPPIHCOTT, [ 6iB 138 South Third street. Philadelphia, Penn. (i A New and Enlarged Edition. I THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH. A STATISTICAL VIEW or rus common or THB FREE AND 8LAVB 8TATE8. ? Bf Hmry Cheat and Charles W. Sen bom U Compiled from Official Documents. 12mo. Bound in cloth, price 75 oente. PotA ' age 12 cent*. IF any one wishes to know what Slavery has done for the South, and Freedom frr the North, let them read Lhis masterly work. lot him study these figure* Place F s copy ot these statistics in the hands of every voter, and . our word for it, Republicanism will sweep the enure . North in 1960, as clean as it has swept New Roland ?? 1866. Men ot the South, we bey you to leek calmly and * dispassionately at this array of figures,and see what they 'iiru^able editor ^ ^ Evtminf JVaassnpl, Boston, thus n speaks of this work: . . o This little l>ook contains a east amount of Informs tior d respecting the comparatitre condition of the slaveholding and no a-slave holding Stater, as to territory-, population, (i industry, wealth, education, intel.igenee, religion, moral e advancement, aad general progress The work must have cost a gseat deal ef laborious research, and it eer- n tainly presents argaments in favor of F reedem en every r pare. Iteontain*Just the kind of information that should y he more generally known m all sections mf the country c We hope those will be a public demand far thousands ot u espies." L. CLEPHAltR, 1] Ljik . * . 1*12! ;0 1*. "Jlitl * * tui Vol. XIII. HENRY WARD BEECHERS SKKMoy, Published weekly in . THE INDEPENDENT. IN addition to ike interesting matter contained i ?T. successive number of The I-t'Uyti i> rt is happy to announce that the fu.iday Morning of Rev Henry Ward Beeeherwill at pen n,..M, Vt it? columns every week. Taey are the only repot . ... totlie press which receive revision from the Author' a hand. Among <Aher special contributors are " inf well-known writers: |1? n>?. mnnim nr.l'j lir.K SITJWK, Rev. CF'f >Ri U. CHEEVfcK, and JOHN G. WHITTIKR 1 I'enns?Two Dollars a year, payable in advance F . e by all new* agent*. Addrem JOSEPH H. RICHARDS, Publisher, 3 Beekman st., \ y NOW READY, PBICB IWBITT.TIVE CSSTl THREE DISCOURSE* ON THE REI.Kilo* . REASON DyGerru Smith W'tla a letterv\ ' liatn Goodell. Orders supplied i y ROSS Si TOUSEY, iG3 121 Nassau street, N. w \ ,,[it WASHINGTON FEMALE PROFESSORS A\i? TEACHER* X at tute the board of ni*iru"iioti. .%)!{> Mil;., Principal, will be ai tl.e Institute (221 (I I Seventeenth mid EtgbternUi ?tre< t- m. A MuiilP W. ff AZA ARNOLD, SOLICITOR OF PATENTS Famishes Drawings, Specification*. Cirrtti, pr,? L Patent*, and aitrnn* 10 all businrs* u'tia the Pale in Office. Having constant ate. drawings. and record", of the Office, pr- run document*, and other tafurmation. when > .ui.rc long experience nt the l usi;e?* anil pr.. . a is confident of giving general t-atisfueiinn Office, 441 Sixth street. Washington It 0. aamaxras: Hon. C. Mason, late CuiuiuiHeioiier of Patent* Hon. Thomn> J. Rusk, U.S Semite, lion. II. R. Anthony. U. S. Senate. Hon. 0. T. James, U. S. Senate, liou John Sherman, M C. J. BAUM GARTEN, 499 Seventh st., opposite Odd Fcllov 7. WASHINGTON, D. C., ENGRAVER AND DESIGNER IN < M , Inventor and Manufacturer of the New Seal Presses. Walcli-case Engraver. V, <>, I I . Music Puncher,Stencil Cutter,Copper | .> i and l.ilhograph?r. is prepare ! to execute V any metal?on gold, silver, brass, copper, '. r ,. a. , manner a* workmanlike as by any other E-ia., in the United States. The subscriber (eel* cot all orders intrusted to hira will give perfect nati-u or no charges made. eSal Presses, official Hand and Block Seals,\V?i ease Engraver, Wood Engraver, Mus.c Pune cr. ? Catter. Copperplate Engraver. UitbogTapt'Cr. Ac in AYER'8 AGUE CI/ EE, FOR THK 8PEEDT CURE OF Intermittent Fever, or Fever and Ague R-u .. p, Chill Fever, Dumb Ague, Periodical Headache.m ; lion* Headache, and Btlliou* Fevers, indeed tor whole class of Dtsense* originating in. Hiiisr;, Dern merit, caused by the Malar.a of Miasmatic Coautr-. NO one remedy is ouder called for t>> (tie r of the American peo; !e ihn: k - jr,. i,i ., Fever and Ague Puch we are now enabled innfiVr. a a perfect eerta nty that it will eradicate the do -,e with assurance, founded oil pruol, lnol i,u .i,irn . , ,, from its use in any quantity That which protects from or prevent* iS.> ?r err be o; immense service in liie coinii ui / , w ir u vails fminhen is ben, r !h:?n cui or l: capes the risk which he mu run in vio > id a ,. litis balefnl distemper This uCare"eipcl? the nutsi poison of Fever mil Agu? fnui i. * i- i; lite development of the discs*-, it lake- p, . ,r, proach of lis premonitory symptoms. Ii ;? ot . best remedy ever yet discovered tor ibis tin,, pj,r?! plaints, but also the chrupesl. The Isrge i.ur sapply for a dollar brings i, wi Inn the irm i. . botiy ; and in billion* districs, where fever and prevails, every body should haven hud us- it free.v. fur cure and protection. It ia hoped thri price wt ,* it within the reach of all?the poor as \vr!i as the ru t. I (treat superiority of this remedy over any o-ti-revet . covered lor the speedy aridceiuun curt- oi 1 teruii: it, that it contains au Quinine or mineral, con t-.-usr prodaces no i]uinism or other mjuri. us effects ? , h upon the constitution. Those cured by it are left a healthy as if they hsd never had the disease Fever and Ague is not alore the c -iise^iience of miasmatic poison. A great variety 01 di*veers ?rfrom its irritation, among which are Neuralgia, Kiicls . tism, (*out, Headache. H>t.idiit ?<, Toothm K .-? Catarrh, Asthinn, Palpitation, Paiufui Atfrn.i i i ?*pieen, Hysterics, Pain in the Dowels, Colir, P.ra and Derangement of the Stomach, ail of wtm,i -v origin >ting in this cause, pui on the intermit' .it;.;become periodica!. 1 his " Cure *' expe!? u,c put. Ute blood, and consequently cures tbeiu al. I. nil invaluable protection to eouyrt.ats and p? eHnig or temporarily residing in tl.e malarious <'i-rr It taken occasionally'or daily while expos* d lo the i tipn, that will oo excreted from the system, ni . is vgcuinulate in sufficient quantity to ripen ialu - * Hence it i? even umre valuable fur protect on thi-i . ai d few will ever sutler from Intermittent-. if liiey iv themselves of the protection tin* ri mi dy utlor.'AYEB'S CATHAETIC PILLS, tor all tha Purposed of a Family fhysi:, arc so composed that disease w itht n the r-in-< ?l i: lion can furelf withstand or rvaite them. I j. ir trating properties search, and cienitse, and ir .. - every portion of the human organism cirrr, ting 11 ueased action, uiid restoring Its> va'ali I - * . coiiset,u i'Ce cl these properties tli- i:ivs id w-io n , < . down with pain o. phy drhdity is esio: shea ' nis hcuiiii or energy res.urru uy a rtrocny alci. ro?o r pl>* aud inviting Not only do" they rtir? the every-day romp ? ? evrrybody, hut alee many irinnnii .ir and iiim-discuses. The agei : htlow named i? pleased "> fu. gratia my American A'manac. ecniaimiig em,nee- - < their cures and directions tor their use in thr t complaints: Oltivawi. Hmttlurn. Hriilnr a* . from Disordertd Stomach. /touici, lndinrstum, Pmvt ? ' a i Morfnil Innrticn oj the Hotcil'. FiatuUn /. I-ovj tf A}/" Jaumncr. and other complain*. arfini " o * law >iulc of the body or obstruction vi u> functions i are an excellent alterative lor the it ik vaimr ol th? and the restoration of tone a- d strength to thesy -en: . bilitated by disease. Prepared by L)r. J. C AYFR A CO., Lowell, >. Sold by all dealers in medicine every* her AYEA'S 8AESAPAEILLA, A COMPOUND remedy, in which w<- have I**. to produce thr most tffeciuai alterative l it i * made. It is a concentrated exirnct of Purs k'ai sap:,. v ro combined with other sabatances ol mil greater u live power as to ath rd an effective an: dole t. diseases Sarsaparilia is reputt d it. eure. It 1- l.i that such a remedy is wan ed by Uio?>- who suffer : ' Strumous complaints, and that one which witi rilista their cure must prove of immense service le u.n urge class of our athicied fellow citizens. Mow < pieiely this compound will do it has t.ecn proven by : pcrinient on many of the worst cases to be found or following complaints: Scrofula and Scrotulous Complaints. Eruptions Eruptive Diseases, Ulcers. Pimples, Finn h Ti r fall Rheum,Scald Head, Syphilis and fyph. -.c Are (tons, Mercurial Disca-e, Dropsy, Neuralgia or Douloureux, Debility. Dyspepsia and Indigestion. 1 smelas, Rose or St. Anthony's Fire, and indeed he a < cThss of complaints arising from Impurity ol th !' This compound will be tbund a great promoters ? ? when taken in the spring, to expel the tool humor win raster in the blood at that season of the yeai Hi r timely expulsion of them, many rankling disordei "> Dipped in the bud. Multitudes can, by ibe aid o i remedy, spare themselves from the o: sruptions and ulcerous sores, through which the s will strive to rid itseif of corruptions, if not aei.'i 'i. tilts through the natural channels of the body hy a erative med'Cine. Cleanse out the vitiated blond * ever you hnd us impurities bursting ihroucb the sk pimples, eruptions, or sores; it when you u s obstructed and sluggish in the veins , clcan-o- it wr. sver it is foul, and your feelings will tell you w Even where no particulardisorder is tell, people better health, and live longer, for elearsing n.r i Keep the blood healthy, and all is well; but with t-1 isbuium of lifedisordcred.there can be no lasting nr . Sooner or later, something must go wrong, and the gresi machinery of ife is disordered or overthrown. ?i*u m wuc* iKlliru. Uir repuia.." iccoinplishing tiiese emls. Uui the word i.a* tgrcgiousiy deceived by preparations of" it, par: > uix the drug alone has not uli the virtue that i-> for it, but more because many preparations, pre'e < o be concentrated extract- ot it, coi.a.n but lube u: ' rirtue of Sarssparilla, or anything else During laie years the public have barn misled by U-r? joules, pretending to give a quart of lUirsct ?i 'anils for oue dollar. Most of tuese have been ' ipou the sick, for they not only contain little, it * : forsaparilla. but often no eurauve propones wtlleuce, bitk-r and painful disappointment ha? fold"' u? wee of the various exracis of Sarsai ari..':i ? lood the market, anlil the name use f is justly drf; md has become synonymous wiui imposition and Still we call this corapond t^arsaparilla, an i in'-' mp'ply such a remedy as shall rescue the in ?v from 1 oad of obloquy which rests upon it. And wr mint < lave ground for beiievng it has virtues which -r esistiDie by the ordinsry run of the diseases it is inlei o cure. In order to secure their complete rradiis roin the system, the remedy should be judicioaely uW iccorUing to directions on the bottle. Prepared by DR. J. C. AYER 1 CO., Lowell, Massachusetts. Prie* f l per Bouit; Sxx Bout** for %i AYEB'S CHEEBY PECTOBAL las won for itself such a renown for the cure of rariety of Throat and Lung Complaint, that it is en uinecessary for us to recount th-.- evidence o n * ivherever it has been employed. As it has ton* onsiant use throughout tins section, we need i ': sore than assure the people its qas.ity is kei I u be best it ever has been, and lliatit may tie " lofor their relief all it lias ever been found to < U7* Prepared by I)r J C. Ayer A Co . Lowell. M*''* hiisetts Hold by all Druggists and dealers in > ' ine everywhere. L1TX&AEY IITZLLIGESCE "STAND UP FOR JESUS!" The brief ballad thus entitled .(occasioned by the f Kev. Dudley A. Tyng,) and which has been <> ? ' ' irculated by the daily and weekly press, am! in <*' ' arms, is about to be republished by T. H. Moekton. i ' ' Ihesuiat street, Philadelphia, in a handsome d olumeof 4h pages, variously and beautifully illuatraiwt will contain? NOTES.? Biblical. LitargicaJ,and Personal; co&r j inc tuioor 01 we ?tuem. Iin PICTOEIAL ILLTTtTSATIOKSinrraved by Van Ingen A Snyder. (Engraver* of lis"1 krctie Explorations.) from biawine* >' U f? W tcluding Portraits of Rev D. A. at.d Rev D' " 1 witi Inferior Views of Concert Hall, Jayir M?< C.y Uld Three Original Piewi of Masse, ? which the Ballad ha* been ?et, by M- -?rs 1" ' f Boston, Bradbury of New York, ai.d Bower 01 1 .K >1 few ADDITIONAL POEMS by the same autS' in Evangelical Minister,) will be included?chic B> The work ie eleetrotyped. and will be issued t? eatest possible style, in hope of a large demandrsults of great usefulness It in e?pecnll> oulh, to Young Men's Cbr stian A**oei?uor*- j* Masses. J?unday ?ad other Sebo?!s, Chare . ses, present* to friends abroad, Ac.?being convent r seat by tuail. , It is now nearly ready, and maybe orlr- ' irdeM sappiiod a* roouivod. No ooptes sent on sac I

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