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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI YOL. XLIX—NO. 19 Blytheville Courier Blytheville Dally New« Mississippi Valley Leader Blythevillo Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, APRIL 11, 1953 EIGHT PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS West Studies Red Proposal to End Plane Incidents Serious Consideration Is Given Suggestion of Large Air Corridor By DANIEL De LUCE BERLIN (AP) — America, Britain and France are giving "serious consideration" to a Russian plan for ending cole war plane incidents by establishing one big air corridor to Berlin, Allied officials said today. President to Tell Governors of State of World State Executives Are Invited to Conference May 4 WASHINGTON yp) — President Eisenhower has invited the 48 state governors to a White House conference May 4 and 5 to give them a confidential "first hand picture of the present state of the world and the role of the United States in it." The White House said today the President sent a letter yesterday to the governoiji asking them to come here for a briefing by Cabinet and other administration officials. • It 'said .the idea is to produce a better understanding of the need he feels for full cooperation of the governors - in dealing with problems confronting the nation as a whole. The conference will consider, among other matters of national concern, current developments in 'foreign affairs, defense, national security, and an analysis of the nation's fiscal policies as it relates to all of these subjects. The meeting will begin at 10 a. m. Monday May 4 in the room across the, street from the White House in the executive office building which is used for the Presi- j dent's news conferences. Eisenhow- | .er will greet the governors at the | opening 1 session. V; - i Will Have Lunch They will have lunch with him at the White House that day. The discussions will resume that afternoon and continue the following morning until noon. The President's letter said: : "It is with great pleasure that I extend to you and the governors of the other states of the nation a most cordial invitation to ntt * ] a conference here in the Wh-.e House on May 4th and 5th, for the purpose of participating in confidential discussions relating to problems facing America and the free world in these most difficult times. "It is my earnest conviction that you will find this conference a worth-while occasion. The program will give consideration, among other matters of national concern, See GOVEKNOUS Page 8 connected Berlin Bueckeburg, and + A three - part Soviet p r o p o s a submitted by Air Force Lt. Gen I. D. Podgorny here last Tuesday is now being studied by government experts in Washington, London and Paris. The west's answer may be ready next week. The Soviet plan, developed after two MIG jet fighters shot down British bomber on the east - west interzonal frontier March 12 and killed all seven crewmen, includes these points: 1. One big corridor, 90 kilometers (56 miles) Wide at its narrowest point. It would be run between Hannover and Berlin for all Western air traffic with this isolated city and would replace three corridors each 20 miles wide. These have with Hamburg, Pulda in West Germany since the end of the war. 2. Allied military aircraft of any type would be permitted to fly in the big corridor — if they are unarmed. But all armed Allied planes would be banned. 3. Routine flying in the big corridor would be at altitudes between 1,000 and 5,000 feet, compared to altitudes up to 7,500 feet now gen- erally.used in the small corridors. The Soviet plan apparently has impressed Allied Air Force officers as containing helpful measures for bringing new safety and order to Berlin's air traffic. From All Angles But it is being carefully studied from all possible angles, for the security of 2,000,000 anti - Communist West Berliners fundamentally depends on free air access to the city. If there is a catch to the Russian offer, the Allies are intensely anxious to spot it before they sign anything relinquishing the three small corridors. At present there is always, the error may c^use^a Bei'Iin plane to trespass a corridor boundary,- • A year ago, an Air France airliner was fired on by Soviet fighters when it allegedly veered from a corridor. Four persons aboard were Wounded. Last October, American ambulance plane was warned with a burst of machine gun Eire in a similar incident. The proposed new corridor would be about 100 miles long ant nearly that in breadth at its Western terminus. From west to east it would gradually taper down, bul even at its narrowest in the vicinity of Berlin, it would be at least 56 miles wide. tinder present rules, armed Allied planes can be flown in and out of Berlin. But the Russians insist that such armament should be forbidden in future. New Electrical Apparatus to Aic Heart Operations Harvard Doctor Says Gadget May Erase Accidental Stoppage By FRANK CAREY Associated Press Science Keporte ATLANTIC CITY (/pi _ Sudder death from accidental stoppage o a healthy heart during a surgica operation eventually may be elim mated by a new electrical stimu lating technique, a Harvard docio said today. Dr. Paul Zoll said that possi bility is suggested through use an apparatus which applies electric current across the ' opened chest. Already it has saved the lives of three persons whosp hearts had been brought to a com pleie standstill by heart disease he said. He told the American Heart Association the apparatus also hac been tried on three persons whose otherwise healthy hearts hac stopped beating during surgery These three died, he said, but the patients' hearts had been at standstill *->r between 40 and 100 ninutes before the apparatus was used. In, an interview, Zoll said: "We feel that with improvements in the technique which we are now exploring, it may even- ually be possible to eliminate sudden death resulting from acciden- ;al heart stoppages due to accidents during surgery or the application of anesthesia. "The best chance of realizing ;his would be to have such an apparatus present in the operating oom at all times, ready for immediate use." Zoll said the apparatus is the irst one to promote beating of topped heart by applying the elec- ric current to the outside surface if the body. Stopped hearts'have been caused o beat by having electric current ipplied directly to the surface of he heart itself, but this has neces- itated opening the chest surgically. He declared that the apparatus low has been used on a total of 4 humans, with evidence of at east some heart stimulation in bout half of them, even though nly three in all survived. " Shakeup in Armed Services Predicted By DON WHITEHEAD WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. Byi'd (D-Va.) predicted today the entire management set-up in the armed services will be overhauled as a result of a Senate investigation of ammunition shortages in Korea. The Virginian said the ammunition inquiry has revealed an unbelievable lack of good business management. "I intend to follow this thing through and see that it is done," Byrd said. Then he added with a grin: "And I think everybody knows I'm not accustomed to starting something I don't finish." He said he was convinced businessmen should be put In charge of handling military contracts and deliveries of goods. The military would still have the right to "say what they need," he added. Byrd went- on to say in an interview he was convinced the people of the nation "are thoroughly disgusted with the business manage- Weatk ver ARKANSAS — Scattered thundershowers and cool this afternoon and tonight and in east portion Sunday. MISSOURI — Scattered showers this afternoon; mostly cloudy tonight and Sunday, except partly cloudy west portion Sunday afternoon; increasing northerly winds tonight; showers and thunderstorms south and east tonight with occa-. slonal; rains or snow elsewhere cooler west tonight and southeast portion Sunday; high Sunday generally in 40s. Minimum this morning—49, Maximum yesterday—70, Sunrise tomorrow—5:32. Sunset today—6.29. Preclp. 24 hours to 7 n.m.—none. Procip. since Jan. 1—17.48. Mean temperature (midway between hlnh and low)—50.5. Normal and mean for April—fll. This Hate Last Ve»r Minimum this morning—40. Maximum yesterdfty~46, Preclp. J«n. 1 to dute—HM. ment of the armed services." He said he was confident the new secretary of the Army, Robert Stevens, would get results in his department. Byrd's remarks grew out of a Senate armed services subcommittee inquiry which has revealed there was no real ammunition production in this country until two years after the Korean War began. Depleted Reserve Stock Testimony has been given that during this two-year period, the Army used reserve stocks left over from World War n and seriously depleted these stocks in certain types of shells. Yesterday Byrd said that, if the military leaders "conducted everything as they have this ammunition shortage, the country can have no confidence of security.' Byrd followed this up In his interview by saying there was some excuse for failure to get ammunition production going in the first six months of the war. He conceded at that time there was a general feeling the war would be a short one.. Then he added: "But after 1 the Chinese Communists entered the war in November, 1950, there was no excuse anywhere. Gen. Douglas MacArthur himself warned 'this Is a new war.' " He noted that former Secretary of Defense Robert A. Lovett and former Secretary of the Army Frank Pace Jr., both testified they were not aware ot a critical ammunition situation until Oclober, 1951 —eleven months after the Chinese entered the conflict. "AH of them arc to blame," Byrd added. When asked whom he meant, he said the former necre- gee SHAKEUr P»»« * NEW U.N. BOSS WELCOMED — Dag Hammarskjold, recently elected Secretary General of the United Nations, is welcomed by his predecessor, Trygve Lie (left), on arrival at International Airport at New York fclty Thursday, from his native Sweden. Hammaeskjold, 47- year-old former Swedish Minister of State, was sworn in yesterday to succeed Lie in the top United Nations post. (AP Wlrephoto) Atomic Test Rocks Yucca Flat LAS VEGAS, Nev. (AP) — An experimental atomic device was de- ;onated at 4:45 a.m. (PST) today atop a 100-foot tower at the Yucca Hat proving ground and the Atomic Energy Commission announced "de- Ared effects were obtained." No other details were given. f- The explosion, fifth of the spring est series, did not seem as force- ul as some of the previous shots. The orange - flaring blast pro- uced a relatively small white :loud over the test sight 75 miles lorthwest. The cloud was not vis- isle here, although smoke from nost previous shots have been. This was the first time the AEC announced use of a 100-foot oweiv Mft&t previous tower blasts ave utilized a 300 - footer. No eason for today's switch was giv- n. 20 Planes Over Site Senators 'Disturbed' Over Prospect of 1,000 New Orders WASHINGTON (/P)— Sen. Mundt (RrtSD) said he is "a little bit dis- jsftme seven minutes after the blast, turbed" today by apparent plans j *as heard here ^ two separate Some 20 planes wore in the air ver the test site, the usual com- lement. Such craft are used to 'ack the cloud, survey terrain and icasure radioactivity in the at- losphere. Neither troops, cars nor animals ere involved in the experiment. 11 have been used in previous lots in the series. The sound wave, reaching here Prisoners Riot In Minnesota Violence Flares After 5 Days of Discontent In State Penitentiary of the new Eisenhower administration to issue more than 1.000 executive orders during its four year term. "I had hoped we would gradually get away from government by presidential order and back to the old system of letting Congress make the laws," Mundt, said in an in- MuiTdt said he and Sen. Dirksen low rumbles. No shock wave was felt here. The shock wave from last Monday's blast, heaviest of the season, broke a plnte glass .window in a downtown store. The Monday bomb dropped from a high flying plane, exploded at a record height of more than 5,000 feet. . Fined for Assault; (R-I11) were surprised to learn at j Driver Forfeits $111 Bond a, closed Senate appropriations hearing that the new Eisenhower that the new administration plans 280 such orders this year and the same number in 1954. Continuation of that average would mean 1,120 for the four years. • Disclosure of these plans came from J. Lee Rankin, assistant attorney general, who heads a small staff of legal experts who handle all presidential orcers. Rankin testified his group has \ speeding" pleaded guilty ) control over the number of i fined $10 and costs. presidential orders but merely re- j Merry Campbell, Negro, convicted in Municipal Court today of assault with a deadly weapon, was fined $100 and costs and sentenced to 15 days in jail. The case had been continued from last Saturday. In other continued action, the court ordered forfeiture of $111.25 bond by Billy Porter, charged with driving while intoxicated. Tommy Salmon, charged with nd was STILLWATER, Minn. WP)—Rioting prisoners smashed windows nnd set small fires .in their cell blocks today as violence flared after five days of discontent within the Minnesota state prison walls. A3I of the convicts were locked In their cells when violence broke out. Guards told newsmen they think one long-term convict is armed with a pistol. Acting Warden Carl Jackson said wave of "growing arrogance" was sweeping through the 1,000 convicts. Locked In Cells All of the prisoners were locked in their cells earlier this morning when prison officials learned that the convicts were planning their third sitdown strike since Tuesday. The prisoners refused to work Tuesday and Wednesday, demanding the ouster of the prison chef. They claimed liver patties served to them at their Tuesday noon meal were "green and rotten." The chef I was transferred to another state institution Wednesday night. Jarle Leirfallom. director of state institutions, told newsmen before the rioting broke out that it would be better to have any disturbances "in the cells where damage would be minor, than in the shops where damage could amount to millions of dollars." Prisoner Exchange Expected To Start Next Week; Reds Press for New Truce Talks Washington Officials Are Hopeful but Wary WASHINGTON <AP) — American officials were hopeful but wary in reacting today to the signing of the agreement at Panmunjom to exchange ailing prisoners of the war in Korea. The news caught most of the + House members out of town .on an Easter holiday that ends Monday. Representatives* and senators who were reached expressed cautious comment pending a chance to study the agreement. They said there was still , a chance for a hitch to develop but suggested that, more than ever, it looks as if the Communists are ready to exchange all prisoners and to bring about an armistice. In Moscow, the Communist party paper Pravda came out with an editorial coincident with the signing of the agreement to exchange disabled prisoners starting April 21. Predicted Failure Pravda charged open and hidden enemies of peace in Korea are us- ng extraneous means to prolong .he conflict. It predicted "total "allure" for any Western effort to ,ie in the questions of Indochina and Korea territorial division with .he prisoner negotiations. France has been fighting a guer- •illa war against Communists in Indochina for years. How to wind up the war has been a matter of deep concern in the West. After U. S.-French cold war alks in Washington last month, n oint statement warned the Chinese Reds of "most serious consequences" if a Korea truce led to Com- Tumist aggression elsewhere—such s sending "volunteers" to fight Inside Today's Courier News ,. .Chicks show surprise in first track meet.. .Rookies galore in major league season op-eners... Sports.. .Page 5... ...Society news...Page 2... in Indochina. Agreement Applauded Senators Hickenlooper (R-Iowa) and Sparkmau (D-Ala), both members of the foreign relations committee, applauded the prisoner exchange agreement, as did Sen. Lehman (D-NY). Hickenlooper added, however, that he felt "we ,are again being fooled in.the small number of our prisoners being exchanged." The exchange involves 5,800 sick and wounded Reds for 600 Allies, Including 120 Americans. Sparkman advised: "We must press forward and do all we can but We must be very cautious. We must be careful not to be swept nway on a wave of optimism." Lehman said he was very happy about.the exchange accord but added: "We must not permit ourselves to be lulled to sleep into a false sense of security." Three MIGs Downed In Korean Air War By STAN CARTER SEOUL (AP) — U. S. Sabre jets blasted three Communist MIGS out of the North Korean sky in a swirling air battle shortly before dusk oday, the Fifth Air Force announced. Three other MIGS were reported t had been left untouched for weeks lamaged, but the claims haven't r et been confirmed by gun cam- •ra films. On the ground, two Chinese legality. He also reminded the senators that Congress itself- had directed the President to use executive orders in a large number of fields and "we check each order and see to it that the order is within the ; Trash Fire Extinguished fire at the Blytheville Company last nifiht A trash Compress brought an emergency call to the Blythcvile Fire Department. The blaze, which was outside the compress building, resulted in no dam- area that Congress has approved." j age, Fire Chief Roy Head reported. Red Guards Kill Young Refugee BRUNSWICK, Germany (IT, — West German police reported today that Communist border guards shot I and killed a 17-year-old East German youngster last night as he was trying to flee into West Germany. Another boy accompanying him reached West German territory safely. Police said r the shooting occurred near Helmstedt. State May Realize Profit from Car Dealers' 'War;' Cash 'Boot' Offered on Trades Now By BEVERLY WOOD LITTLE ROCK Wl—The State of Arkansas may profit from a car dealers' "war" involving federal .axes, the used car market and contracts with car manufacturers. Four dealers bid on five used state cars yesterday — offering swap 1953 Plymouths and Chrevrolets — plus 85 to $125 cash — for the 1952 cars. Three of the bids didn't meet specifications in the bid advertisement because they either offered accessories to boot or provided or another similar swap this summer. However, Purchasing Officer . A. Walker said he Is conslder- ng rejecting all the bids and readvertising to provide for any- hing ex.tra and summer trades. The method by which the dealers hope to profit on tho deals was described as "quite complicated" by John Bale, co-owner of the Bale Chevrolet Co., of Little Rock, whose new-for-used bid included extra payments ranging from $25 to $125 n car v/ith extra equipment added for several of the vehicles. "It all hinges on the ultimate outcome of the used car sale," said Bale. "Some of the aspects of the situation have not been brought out," Bale added, "because the dealers don't want to be misleading." No Federal Tax He said that whether the dealer sells a car on the wholesale or retail market "has n lot to do" with the profit he may make and the federal tax exemption lot of bearing on It. Bale said "That's $130 profit right there," evidently indicating that, ^ after the swap this summer, the tax savings would not be passed The state does not pay « oral excise tax on its cars to the used car buyer. Bale also said that the state was offering for trade cars whose value is "far in excess" of those put on the market by the state previously. He said that General Motors Corp., which manufactures Chevrolet, has a clause In its dealer contract which allows the manufacturer to deal directly with the state if the dealer does not do so. Bale said the car makers want lo be represented in state purchases and, If their dealers don't sell or make the proper effort has a i to sell to the state, the manu- | facturer may submit bids direct (ed- Irom and I the factory — cutting Sec CARS rage I out Communist companies, about 350 nen, di'ove tough South Korean in- antrymen off shell - pitted Texas -till, the Central Front peak which : as changed hands nine times in ne past week. South Korean defenders of Texas 1111 hurled two counterattacks gainst the key knob after dawn )ut both were beaten back, an Eighth Army briefing officer said. The second attack carried the South Koreans to the top, but 15 minutes later they were forced to pull back. The Chinese attacked with burp guns, hand grenades, mortar and artillery less than 12 hours after losing the hill in the furious Beesaw battle which has raged almost continuously since Sunday, Supply Dump Hit The Texas Hill fight was the only major action along the 155- mile battle front as negotiators in Panmunjom signed an agreement for exchanging sick and wounded prisoners which could pave the way to a Korean truce. Friday night, B29s from Okinawa bombed a 115-acre Communist .supply dump near Sinanju, leaving It a mass of flames. The dump Highway 150 To Be Surfaced The Arkansas Highway Commission will ask for bids May 21 for surfacing of E.4 miles of State Highway 150 east of U. S. Highway 61 near Yarbro. Bids will be sought on a total of 40 miles of secondary roads and 62 miles of primary roads. The work is expected to total about $3,000,000. while the Beds stocked It with valuable war materiel. Four U. N. planes were -lost behind enemy lines during the past week. One of the four— the first U. s. Sabre jet lost In air combat since March 13—was piloted by a double MIG nee, Capt. Harold Fischer Jr., of Sea City, Iowa. Fischer failed to return from his 70th combat mission Tuesday and the Communist radio has said he was captured after parachuting from his crippled plane. Economic Advisers ( Soy— Receiving Zone Construction Is Quickened By ROBERT B. TCCKMAN MUNSAN (AP)—The road back home opened wide today for 120 American prisoners of the Korean War, 480 other Allied captives and thousands of Communists — all sick or wounded. The first of them will start the joyous journey perhaps as early as next Wednesday. An historic agreement, made possible by the thaw in worldwide communism and negotiated and signed in six swift days at Panmunjom, pledged the first prisoner exchange of the 33-months- old Korean War. It may have laid the foundation, too, for armistice in Korea. The Communist spokesman at the signing ceremony today in the tiny truce village of Panmunjom pressed impatiently for resumption of the full-scale armistice talks. They have been deadlocked for a year and suspended Bince Oct. 8 over the last big issue of exchanging war prisoners. North 'Korean Maj. Gen. Lee Sang Cho told the Allied, liaison team: "Our side considers that the plenary session of the delegations of both skies should • be resumed mmedlately to discuss and settle .he entire question of prisoners of war so as to realize an armistice n Korea." U. S. Rear Adm. John C. Daniel said the U. N. Command in Tokyo would give an answer. Oeri. Mark Clark, U. N. Par East commander, already has said the truce talks can be resumed after settlement of the dls- ibled prisoner exchange. I'OVV Swap Big Job But the exchange of sick and vounded captives, some of them mdoubtedly prisoners since tho irst days of the Korean War near- y three years 'ago, was the big ob for the moment. American engineers raced a deadline to complete roads and :amps within the receiving zone t Panmunjom before Tuesday. Doctors, nurses and corpsmen vaited eagerly 10 miles away at Munsan's freedom gate for the in- lux of disabled allies. Scores of helicopters and am- ,ulances were readied for the job transporting them. Most of the Allied sick and ' vounded will be rushed to their omes by plane immediately after hey cross the line, if they are ble to travel. The others will be aken to hospitals in Japan. The mericans among the latter will See rOWs Page 8 Business Outlook Good Despite Prospects of Truce in Korea WASHINGTON I/P) _ Economic advisers to Congress say the business outlook is good—even though the stock market took fright at | the prospect of a truce in Kore A study by the staff of the Sen-1 of production and employment remains good," the economists asserted. News from Korea set off a wave ' ea - ! of selling in the stock market last ate-House Economic Committee. ^ To^Xffellli S^T" ™°d±l? r,r y ' T h V here Xlmp Si £ we^eKS: du" "iuU^y^lSh" W " r StartCd '" 1950 ' reaction" which could lead to depression. In similar terms, Undersecretary of Commerce liams declared in a speech in New York Wednesday that there is no reason to be "panicky about peace But there were signs of downward pressure easing off a bit. This week the decline amounted Walter Wii-' to SL70 ' or less than hnl£ ° J last " i week's rate. After taking a heavy as If that very fact Two Jet Pilots Die in Crashes HONOLULU lA'i — Two Panther Jet pilots were killed in take-offs from the carrier Boxer on successive days this week. The Navy said Ens. James Allen Walker w«< killed Wednesday when the wings of his F9F folded during takeoff. The. wings of a Panther Jet arc folded back while It Is on the ship to save space. Walker was the son of John H. Walker, Inglcwood, Calif. Identity of the second pilot was withheld pending notification of relatives. in Korea was a calamity in Itself. The congressional staff analysis said that, unless the public kept its confidence in the economy, it was "conceivable although not warranted" that there might develop "the reverse of the business and consumer buying wave" which followed outbreak of the Korea fighting In 1950. They suggested one Communist objective in seeking a truce might be to cause a U. S. depression, No Automatic Changes The economists said a truce will not automatically bring marked changes in federal programs. Among factors to bolster the economy they listed: Plans for increases in spending for plants, lack of excess capacity m Important industries, continued demand for housing, apparently reasonable inventories, plenty of liquid savings, stable prices, prospects for Increased consumer income nnd probable lax reductions. "In spite of the bearlshness of the Stock market over the possi- aillty of a Korean truce, the present outlook for private business activity and continued high levels beall "8 Monday, staged a partial the market comeback the next two days. On Thursday and Friday not in a selling. it dropped somewhat but manner to indicate heavy Kiwonis Club Wins Citation For Achievement The Blytheville Kiwanis Club, for the second straight year, was among the top winners of the Missouri-Arkansas District of Klwan- Is International In achievement, it was announced today. The Blytheville club won second honorable mention for Its annual achievement report for 1952 activities In the district's silver division. * In 1951, the Blythevtlle club won first honorable mention in tho orange division. The silver division is composed ot clubs with membership between 80 nnd 90. Mexico, Mo., was the first place winner in the silver division nnd Moberly, Mo., won first honorable mention.