X ; i. ) kox, t Kiln ... i rrUl. i Ins. . ! r trt . am - -a r- " ir.'I tiitJ : fin' : Ttolt rh ; 2 Now In Full Swing Grau's Semi-Annual Clearance Sale of ; New, Used, Rebuilt Pianos an World's Most Famous Makes Included In This Sale. PRICES AND TERMS WITHIN THE REACH Of ALL. aa w-t FbujtH police he had obtained the bomb from ...hiMt. at Belgrade, whose names he did not' know. He denied also that he had accomplices end treated the tragedy with cynical Indifference. " Assassin. Leaps Into BlTer. After iris unsuccessful attempt to Wow up the imperial visitor Cabrinovlo sprang into the River MHJachka In an effort to hut witnesses of his crime plussred after him and seized him. .rH from the scene of the A W J " shooting an unexploded bomb wss found. rch.it la suspected, was thrown sway by an accomplice after he had noted the success of Prinslp's attack. Time and Place Well Chosen. The time and place for the deed ww I weU chosen. The city was en kenor of the coming of the Archduke and Duchess. A huge throng had gathered near the imd station, where a small military detachment was on hand to keep the way for the passage of the royal carriage. -In the throng were hundreds of peas ' -o in the brle-ht native eoetumes of Bosnia. They had tramped miles across the hilly miiiri to look udod the man who eventually was to rule over them. Flags were flying throughout the city and garlands of flowers hung from win dews - - c . . Ail the notables of the city -and state were: waiting inside the station for the arrival of the royal couple-.' Beeause of the , kindly f eeliags of the people toward the Archduke and his wife no special precautions had been taken to safeguard the royal party ori their arrival aside from the usual police and mil- itaxy guard to' keep the crowd at a re spectful distance. Lurk at Edge of Crowd. The assassins, taking advantage of this condition, stationed themselves on the edge of the crowd at a point where the royal carriage would pass close to them within a few yards of the railway station. . The Archduke and Duchess entered their carriage and, , followed by their es cort, started for the City Hall along the flag decorated avenue. Neither of the assassins moved until the carriage horses were abreast of them. At that ' moment Cabrlnovhs leaped out into the road, burling his bomb straight at the royal couple. ' Then, while the crowd shrieked in horror and tell back in panic, tbe lifting smoke revealed the Archduke and Duchess sitting upright In their carriage. apparently unharmed. Tries To Reassure Duchess. Frans Ferdinand, noted for his courage, leaned - forward as though to reassure the Duchess, who also appeared to be perfectly calm. When the Servian youth sprang along side tne carriage, pistol In hand,' the Archduke, apparently catching the glint of the weapon, faced the youth, throw ing his body in front of the Duchess.' Before he . could do mere the student fired, the first bullet hitting the Arch duibo in the face. frans r erqmand managed to remain upright for a moment and then, as the second shot struck him, fell back against the cushions of the carriage ' The youth, so close now that he could almost touch the Duchess, continued ..mm, in outlets taxing effect m her abdomen. Each of his shots had struck a vital spot. Shielded .By Boyal Bodies.' -' v Wuh the Archduke and Duchess at the tune of the assassination was the Gover "nor. of the city, who escaped injury. The ooaies or .nis murdered companions col - lcpsed across him and protected him from stray bullets. s The Governor shouted to the chauffeui to rush to the palace at top speed, phy. ioians were in prompt attendance,' but their services were, useless we the Archduke and his wife were dead before the ; palace was reached. Until the Emperor's wishes are known te bodies will He in state at the palace here,' They will doubtless be ltaerred in the Hapsburg vaults in the Capuchin . inurca at Vienna. In Serajevo there ia mourning every wncre. witn black draped . frage and streams on all public buildings. The President has sent a7nesssge to tne Emperor, expressing the grief and horror of the whole population at the ruthless crime and assuring His Majesty of the peoplpe's una!terebl devetlon to the ruling house. Throughout the day weeping women " wer to be seen in groups, while alf at crowds surrounded the spots - where tbe bomb exploded and .where the ratal chota were fired. Th3 bomb wag filled with nails and lead nos at. fllins-a and the explosion was violent. The Iron shutters on many shops were pierced by flying fragments and iron railings were shattered. ' A score of- persons were injured, sev eral of them women and cnuaren. Began With Sinister Omens. ' This final tragedy, which has come to the House of Hapsburg. Is tne culmination of the personal sorrows that have overshadowed the life of the t-mpwor. Txm Mm K(.nn with sinister omens. He r.ooii intornaJ dissensions and external aggressions'! rom the moment he came to the throne. In 1853 the list or tragiu Incidents began with an attempt upon his life, when a Hungarian namea xjb benye wounded him witn a sniie. rnnrtMii veara later nis dtouiw, UyjhQ --- . f nnturd bv those who rose against him, condemned to death by court mams and executed. Thn followed the burning; to death or a ii. i Vienna, a sister In Paris, and the death by suicide In Stahrenberg Lake of a cousin. the diU,-hter of Maximilian Joseph, Duke In 1808 the Emperors wire, wno was of navarla. was stabbed to death at Ge neva bv a mad Italian anarchist. They had been estranged for many years, but the Emperor never had ceased to show a deep affection for her. Son Dies Mysteriously. Less than 10 years before the Emperor's only son, the Crown Prince Rudolph, a man of ability and promise upon wnom the Austiiaas had pinned their hopes, met death in a mystery which to this day has not been cleared. January SO, 188a, rue body was found in a hunting loige at Meverllng.-not far from Vienna. BeMde his body lay that of the Baroness Marie Vetsera. Archduke Charles Frank, known popu laxly as Karl, who becomes heir to the Austrian throne, owing to the morgan- tic birth of Archduke Francis Ferdin and's children debarring their succes sion, has been carefully educated with a view to fitting him for the position of Emoeror. He differs from al other mmtBm of tho imMri&l f am 11 v Inasmuch as he is the first member of the Imperial house to have been educated in the pub lic schools of Vienna where he mixed with, pnplls representing every class of society. In Close Touch With People. He associated with workingmen ana tradespeople end Joined them In their games, thus getting into closer touch with . the aspirations and ideal of . the people than any of the other Hapsbargs. He is a First Lieutenant ia tne Austrian navy. . - The murders took place with sucn ra pidity to-day that many persons near the scene did not even hear the shots. Tbe street li very narrow ano -tne -assassin was able to fire at close range. Anti-Servian demonstrations began to night. The crowds knelt in the streeia and sang' the national anthem. It aDDears that after the first attempt on their lives theDuchess did not want the Archduke to enter the motor car again, but the Governor of Bosnlaj-M. Potiorek, said: . J't ' "It is all over now. We haven t ..got more than one murderer In Sarajevo." At this tbe Archduke decided to enter the carfagaln. Before their departure from Vienna on the Journey to Sarajevo, the Archduke and Duchess .went to the chapel in the palace and spent a long time In prayer before the altar. Recently the Archduke has ' declared more i.han once "that he would not die a natural death.". The Mayor of Sarajevo issued a procla mation to Inhabitants in the denouncing that the crime and declared that the con fession of the" murderers proves-1 beyond all doubt that the man cam from Servta, "Terrible!" Cries Emperor. When news of the assassination ef Archduke Ferdinand was imparted to the aged Emperor at Vienna he exclaimed: Terrible! Terrible! I am spared noth ing! In Austria the opinion. Is that the tragedy was the result of a well-prepared conspiracy. It is asserted that when it became known at the Servian legation at Vienna that the Archduke Intended to go to Bosnia, he was advised not to un dertake the Journey, as certain Servian desperadoes were planning an attempt against his life. The Archduke disregarded the warning and proceeded to Serajevo. He took up his residence at a watering place near the Bosnian capital and attended various fetes, as well as the army maneuvers which ended Saturday. He issued an army order expressing great satisfaction at the maneuvers Telegrams are being received to-night from all parts of the kingdom, announcing the Immense sensation caused by the crime. . All public festivities have been canceled. Anti-Servian demonstrations took place to-night outside the Servian legation, at Vienna, and stones were thrown at the residences of prominent Servians. Troops were ordered out to suppress the, disorders. It is reported here that several Bosnians and Serbs have been arrested at Seraje vo for complicity in the plot which is said to have wide ramifications. . The newspapers have Issued special edi tions with black borders, expressing ab-' horrence of the -crime. The Wiener Zeltuag. at Vienna, pays warm tribute to the extraordinary seal and devotion to the empire displayed by the Archduke, to whose . indefatigable care, it says, were due the great developments of recent years .in the Austrian army and navy. t Strong Opposition .Displayed. Ever since the publication of an " imperial, rescript en October 7. 1008. proclaiming the annexation of Bosnla-Herse- gevlna to Austria, strong opposition to Austrian rule has been displayed by. the Hero ana Moslem residents to those provinces. ... Bosnia and Herzegovina were formerly included In European Turkey, but the Austro-Hungarian occupation' was authorised in 18T8 by the Treaty of Berlin. The treaty, however, contemplated the evacuation faf the occupied provinces after tne restoration of order. In 1908 there was a reform movement in Turkey, which might mean the revival of Ottoman power, and Russia, after her war witn japan, shewed weakness, Events In the near East seemed nroni. tious. and. with' small formality tbe Aus trian government added the two prov tnces to its territory. " " ' - im rnis iact -rcnauke ' ranx Ferdinand is sera 10 nave piayea an Important part . Servla was so incensed at Austria's ac tion that- sne threatened war, but after several months of negotlataiong among r the Parcn, capitulated and accepted tbe situation. v ' . . I H.TT1T0B.S OP PLOT iHaaVBeesl CurYeni iAlVtennk Ti rXOIAI. CiBLl TO TBS SNQOnUCS. Vienna. June 28. The assassination of Archduke Frans Ferdinand and tne Duchess of Hohenberg caused a profound sensation here. The streets were quickly thronged and anxious Inquiries were made regarding the details of the latest terrible tragedy , to befall some" of the most prominent members of the Imperial family during the present reign.. When the assess! nation became known the authorities took possession w . ii telegraphio and telephonic facilities at Serajevo and shut off unofficial communi cations. The utmost sympathy Is expressed everywhere Tor the venerable Emperor, Frans Joseph, who only yesterday left Vienna after a serious Illness for IschL Upper Austria, to recuperate. Archduke Frans Ferdinand and nis wife left the capital Thursday in the best ef health and spirits for a teur of Bosnia ano u.rurovim. where the Archduke was to take command of Important ma neuvers. According to reports received here they had met everywhere with an enthusiastic reception. Rumors of a plot against the life of the heir to the throne had been In circulation for the last few days, but the police thought they had taken effective precau tions to safeguard the Archduke and the Duchess. . ' RIGHT Of Mounting the Dais Denied Children of MrgMlaJJfc-Mar rUge, Ne Matter ATUch went Is Not of Roya Birth. From theEncyclopedia Bnttanics-j .. . , . Morganatic' marriage is a form of mar riage properly peculiar o m vmraw. people, btu also found in the roysj fami lies' of other European countries. It Is one in ' which the contracting parties are not, by birth of "equal status or rank (ebenburtig). and under which the wife, is not ebenburtig. does not taae tne ran of her husband, and ten children, whether it b the wife or husband that is of lower rank. , have op right of succession to tha dignities, fiefs or enisnea proven tne parent of higher rank.. This equality by birth formerly througn- out Germany wss the necessary tlon'to a complete snd perfect marriage, but It is now only applicable to members of relf.ning houses or of the highest nobility (hoher Adel), and It is thus of foroe smong the "medlstlsed' princes of the German Empire. In ie wmstliuuons i the vsrlous states and In r the "house (Hausesesette) or ne reis"si families the rules . fe lsld - down .as to what constitutes ebenburtlgkelt. General ly it may be said that-mesnners. oi m present or former reigning house, either in Oermasy or Europe, would be recognised as eenburtfg. - but . a former -morganatic marriage would be taken as destroying the qualification. In Great Britain the regulations ss to the -marriages of members of the royal family are contained in the royal marriage 'act.- 1T72 (see marriage). The term morganatic marriage" Is applied generally to any marriage of a person of roy al blood wKh one of inferior rank. The origin of 'the term. In- medieval-Latin, matrimonluni ad morgenaticam, is usually taken to refer to- the Morgengabe I .e. the morning gift, made by a husband to his wife on marriages. Tbe German name is she sur linken hand (marriage by, the left hand), whence the phrase "a left-handed marriage." the husband .of such marriage ceremonies giving the left hand instead of the right hand to his bride. Such marriages-are recognised as fully binding by the church and the children are legitimate, and no other marriage can take place during the lifetime of the con tracting parties. V-" WARSHIPS Of Historic Interest, As Well as the Latest American Naval Architecture, Will Be Seen at -' Panama Exposition. r sci al bisfatcs to thi ixarun. Washington. June 28. Admiral Dewey, on the bridge of the Olympia. his flagship at the battle -of Manilla Bay. and Rear" Admiral C. E. Clarke, on. tbe battle " shi-p Oregon, which he brought around Cape Horn and fought through the tattle of Santiago, are ."headllners" in the navy's plans for the Panama-Pacific Exposition at San Francisco. "'"-.'I. The Olympia and the Oregon are to be moored alongside a specially constructed dock, .close. , to the exposition grounds, and will be used to display the main exhibit of tbe navy. In addition, to this, seven warships, a dread naught, first class battl e ship, armored cruiser, torpedo boat' destroyer, couier and submarine will be anchored close, by and. the squadron will remain throughout the entire exposition, though Individual ships will probably be changed to make room for others. There will be a model representing in minute, detail the passage of a modern battle ship through the Panama Canal. xne suggestion, wnen . first made, was taken up with Colonel Ooethala. who expressed himself as dellgh.ed "with the idea and offered his help in working out the plans. The great - locks and their complicated machinery will be shown In' detail." . V '. ' Secretary Daniels has decided that next year the Annapolis midshipmen shall be given an opportunity- of seeinr the San Francisco exposition, and the annual cruise, which haa ordinarily been' made to Euro pen waters.' will be made Hirough mo x-anama vanai to me Pacific Coaat. THE ENQUIRER, OICINNiLTI, . MONDAY, Archduke Franz JO Started Ro A. nig man big in stature and person alitywas the Archduke Frans Ferdinand. "The power behind the throne," he was called by-some during the, later years of the "old ruler's life.. Others dubbed him the "bulldog of Europe.' ' Frans Ferdinand was 51 years old. He was in the prime of life, still youthful in spirit,' hut with the knowledge accumulated durf long years in executive service, acung as the ruler In fact; tnoogh not in name, of the domain of .his venerable uncle. ' , Several things have appeared in regard to what manner of man was the new entry into the circle ' of European mon arch. He - owned an iron willl He exercised it ; on all . occasions.. ' He was unswervingly . . selfish, ". except to those whom he loved. . And he is said to have loved ; no one but his wife). whom he married in defiance of the pleas snd mandates of Emperor, Pope . and people. His constancy and - devotion to her was a thing of wonder in. Europe for years. Frans Ferdinand was. the' son of the Archduke Karl Ludwig. one of the most profligate of all the Hapsburgs, ail. or . wnom nave been notorious during several generations for their susceptibility to the charms of women. . Inone wsy Frans Ferdinand was like his father, in an0ther.be was not. Frans Ferdinand's love was. from the beginning; all for. one woman, and so faKas ever appeared, she held him heartland soul. Loves Lady in Waiting. icaUy the entire life story or Praeti Frans Ferdinand revolved around his romance with Sophie of Chotek. She was the daughter of an old Bohemian family. respectable and In some respects distin guished. They traced back their lineage to feudal times, but were poor, and she Obtained a situation as companion, or lady In waiting." to one of the Austrian Grand Duchesses, a cousin of Frans Josef, at Abaxxia. on the Adriatic Sea. There Frans Ferdinsnd met her while visiting his relatives, snd evidently was smitten at first sight, for he 1 repeated the Journey with unususl frequency. The Grand Duchess supposed that he was coming to see one of her daughters, and when she at last discovered that her paid com panion was the attraction, the culprit was Immediately dismissed in disgrace and sent to her father's home In Bohemia. If anything wss wanting to stimulate the Archduke's passion this act of injustice- served the purpose. He followed the young woman to her father's houre. and asked her hand in marriage. There was consternation at court, as he already had been selected to succeed his uncle upon the throne, snd the Emperor, in a fatherly way. attempted to convince him of the folly or such an alliance. Falling to do that, he appealed to his pstrlotUm. and then Implored him- not to permit .the Hapsbdrg dynasty to become extinct, as must be the case unless he produced an hlr. In the male ilne. .-.. -Fraos. Ferdinand replied: "I will sub mit to the law." which meant that 'he would accept the penalty that follows the marriage of. a member of the, imperial house with a person not of royal blood and deny his children the right to succeed him upon the throne.. The Emperor ' then appealed to the Pope, hoping that ' his nephew and the yOung woman, both 'of whom were devout Catholics. would listen to. the'sd- HEIR APPARENT AND v - - -:''-:-v.--" :;' '. ' ' V: ' y :'W n' ;':v-v,';;. -; ; ''XT' ' -:?'j i ' - ' ' - " -"r .S 7, ."'-,.-., - . - - .....t.. : .... ... . -. -...,: : - ,. , . . ' - .- - ?V-T V-v?' ' ' "S , . v , ' .'..': 1.' :V.?-:; X;'.;;:; ,;,.f w. I ' . ' . .. 1 ' . . - ' .-s : . ; 4 - - - - '-. i 4 ! I: JUNE Ferdinand vice of the Holy Father. The latter Intrusted the mission to the papal nuncio at Vienna, who called upon Jibe Archduke 'and expressed -the Pope's 'hope that the Archduke would not do anything to grieve his venerable uncle. ': - As this suggestion did not evoke the desired response, the .nuncio pressed a little harder, whereupon "the Ardhduke politely suggested that the interview terminate, as the ntmclo musthave other matters more important, to attend to than his love affairs., . ... . , . ... - j . - '., Finally, when he Emperor saw it would be impossible ' to ' change' the 'determina tion of nis nephew, he consented reluat A ahtly to the marriage, which took 'place on July L. 1000, when, he' was-37t and she 33. Afterward Frans Josef became acquainted with the morganatlewlfe, and is said to have held herlnhigh esteem, though, of course, shenever appeared at court functions," excepting on . rare occasions, and then there was- Almost Invariably moreor less humiliation for her. Emperorof Austria, Apostolic King of Hungary King; of Bohemia, of ' Dalma-tiaof. Croatia, of Slavonla. of Bosnia and of . Herzegovina thus was Frans Ferdinand to have been. , He was to rule one of the most powerful nations of the world a nation leading in the arts and sciences, and one of 'the strongest from a -military standpoint, a nation with legends, traditions, customs carried down through ages, a nation that, because of its geographical location, stands as the embodiment of berth East and West. .Followed Warlike Pursuits. -Frans Ferdinand would have been a' "military ruler." as the words are used in Europe. His public career was largely devoted to warlike pursuits. During the last years of the life of old 'Frans Josef the heir apparent performed the duties customarily done by. the ruler, as Commander-in-Chief of the Army and General of Cavalry. He was known as an expert soldier In the field. and as a tactician of no insignificant ability.- Moreover, he was possessed of a most distinctive military spirit, and it was said that be caused the seizures of Austria-Hungary in the. Balkans during the troublous times a decade ago. - , -. - - - it was predicted that the . policy of Austria " under Frans Ferdinand' would be one of aggressiveness, the exact antithesis of that pursued by Frans Josef during the younger years of his life, before Frans - Ferdinand took the reins from his hands during his Infirm old age. - : Frans Ferdinand waa six feet two Inches tall, a handsome man with a military- bearing, and endowed with remarkable physical strength and endurance. His long, oval face and deep-set blue eyes denoted hta .Hapsburg- ancestry. An excellent horseman and hunter, he enjoyed from time to time the sports of a country gentleman on his vast estates In Bohemia. He was. In this' respect, the Edward VII. of Austria-Hungary. He was much Interested In archeology, ajid gave liberally to the restoration of castles and historic bullJIngs. Traveled in TJSited States. ' Frans Ferdinand enjoyed the educational advantage of a personal acquaintance, with? the United states, which he visited at the time of the Columbian Exposition at Chicago in The voy-ae was on his own Initiative, undertaken because he felt It would contribute to his equipment for the office of monarch, and he also circled the globe, not as a tourist, but as a thoughtful observer snd student. Of this he made a diary, which contains literary merit. He also made several monographs, which denoted ability with the pen. notably one on the celebrated Field Marshal Radetsky. and two volumes of Alpjoe poetry. - Like most ot his countrymen, he was devoted to music, snd wss something of . -..,. it? : J i. 9 -; ? .- 1914 it, as me Fell in a composer, having: put on paper several old melodies which, until then, had never been written, but merely handed down from father to son for ages.; He also was an engineer by profession the only one of royal 'blood, who. had received a diploma -as such. He was an expert in machinery and of an Inventive turn of mind. ,: ' ". ..- i , Cut By Wife's humiliation. ' An' intimate of theslaln . Archduke' said yesterday at ' Vienna": "The death of Emperor Frans Josef wouldr havenrecipitated an embarrassing situation unprecedented in the history of European monarchy. On all hands the question had been asked: 'Shall the wife ofthe new Emperor sit on the throne?" Ko one ventured a direct answer. ' "It was not a " new query, but was heard many times. It became of intense acuteness back in the month of . March, 1911, by the angry refusal of the heir presumptive to attend the court ball because his wife could not enter the ball on his arm. and by his subsequent refusal to represent, the. Emperor at. the coronation of King George of England because the Emperor 'would not raise -that wife to- imperial rank 'in order that she "might be at his side, during . the ceremonies In London. ' ' f' "Archduke Frsns Ferdinand, the heir to the throne, married for love nearly 11 years ago Princess Sophie of Chotek. Because she had no royal blood Jn her vejns he was required to take a solemn oath renouncing for any children of "that union all right of succession, all advantages and privileges of his position. . . . "How. easy it was then for .him to take such an oath; how difficult f or ' him to keep it. when a lovely girl of ana two fine boys of 8-and 6-looked p .Into -his face and asked why .they were, not like the children of other rulers. ' . ' ... . Devoted To Her. Children.. ... . "During the . first eight years ..of her married life the wife devoted herself, to her children, who came In quick succession. Sophie, named- after the Emperor s mother: Maximilian,nfter the. most brilliant Hapsburg Emperor, and Ernest. There would have been a third son had .h not' worked so bard at preparations to receive Emper6f William when he was to be her husband's guest H,t,cMru. She moved furniture about and tired herself so that she fell ill the very day the Emperor and tbe Archduke were -out bunting together. She had hoped -tnai Emperor ,Wlllim would .be , the godfather. , - . . 1 a ... .ha MMiva'rcd she began to snow a! an. of impatience at the rank of Em peror bestowed upon her at her roar-.M-PriiiPMs of Hohenberg and at be. Ing addressed ss Durchlaucht 8erene Highness).- She really had no right to the Durchlaucht. but she frowned down .rrrt at FuersUlche Onaden (Princely Grace), which really was her . ow. i.v4tHi to the court ef i, .i.v. tvr husband, and succeeded x i" ... - . MMU.Hiir. the Emperor that - ne could not gc, unless he made her a Duch .hi. Ka title Hlahness. "Empress Victoria-Augusta did not treat her . as-welt as sne expect William's third son. and iATrl,,m' T at the railway station, and the Pfu -slsned to her at table were not what she believed she had a rtgHt to.- "Gnawed ai Her Heart,' " "At tho ball two vears ago the wife ot the heir to the throne came last by her self. - with no cs aller to - protect or at her. . Tall with the proudest bear in- coaalatent with .womanly grace and a costume, that eclipsed all the rest, she m the" mosir 8111x111 figure f-th bail and the -trs majestic " BufheH humlll-aJio,anawed. V.ber beat and also at the. heart of Jier loyal hustoend. --He determined to prevent a repetttlen of such a scene, and this year; while nis wife wss In the midst ef .preparing costume that should outshine any other. Archduke Frans Ferdinand went to the Emperor and demanded that the XMicbese of Hohenberg. bis wire, be.maa.e.or equsi rank with himself. The Jealous Arch duchesses " already had been plotting as a Inst that, and had won .the -old Em peror over, to their side. 40 whl the Archduke made his demand tbe Emperor refused to grant It- FAMILY. 129, Known rs-- ?- -'- Pder Behind the Love Vith Lady "There wss a stormy scene which de in Frans Ferdinand haughUy informing the Emperor 4hat as long as he was an Archduke he never - again would appear at a- court, functipn-meaninjr that. M would not . reappear at court until he did so as Emperor-King of Austria-Hungary. 3omaiitic Piiure, Bemoved. .;.' The assassination yesterday of duke Frans Ferdinand not only complicated the already troubled Austro-Hun- garlah succession.' but also removed Irons the' stage of international affairs one . or its most secretive and romantic figures. Born at, Grata, Styrla, on December 18. 1863. the son of tbe late Archduke Charles Louis and Princess Annunciate, daughter of -King Ferdinand of' the Two- Sicilies, his succession to. the throne- seemed remote. The heir ' apparent was Crown Prince feudolph, son of the ' Emperor. Frans Josef. , ." . - m -. When Frans Ferflnand - was . nut eight years old his mother died and his father gaire him into the hands of Jesuit teachers with instructions that he be brought up "untainted, by. the wickedness ot the twentieth century." Consequently the nephew of the present ruler was not educated as a future wearer of the csown. But when the tragic beath of the Crown Prince in 1889 brought him to the steps of the throne, he began Assiduously to preparer himself for the high position which seemed - des-tined to be' bis. - . - ',' - His early youth was clouded with dissipations . which threatened.- to result in his undoing. In fact, an episode, the exact nature of which never has been disclosed; resulted in his - banishment' from Austria only to be recalled when the sud den death of the Crown Prince again threw. the suoceesslon to the throne into dispute. ' - Beal Heir Wag Charles Louis.' The .real heir to the throne then was Charles Louis, brother of the Emperor and father Of Frans Feridnand. - But Charles Louis was haughty. reactionary -and un- .popular, in addition to being almost as aged as Frans Joseph himself. For these reasons Charles Louis 'was persuaded to renounce his right to suc cession in favor of Frans Ferdinand, who I was the. elder, of bis two sons. Frans erainand s training for the throne began -'at that point. As the -Emperor's nephew and heir apparent. Frans Ferdinand's love affairs then were closely watched. ''"' ' - ' ' By arrangement of the Austrian cabinet he was to have become betrothed to the Princess of 'Saxony, but-' so uncompromising was -his 'refusal -that the matter was dropped. ... . .. Though various archduchesses and princesses were suggested as' proper' objects for the attentions of the' new heir apparent, be persistently refused to act In accordance with them, and In 1900 hor rified court circles by announcing bis Intention to. marry not an archduchess. out a simple lady-in-waiting- to an -arch duchess, the Countess Sophie Chotek. daughter of a Czech diplomatist of sn ancient but far from roval house. "Under the law such marriage DetWeen a member-of "the royal house and a sut- loct. while bdndlsur between onan. and, wile. waa . morganatic which means that at would require the Archduke formally to renounce all' possible claims ot- his 'wits to royal rights, and of his children to possrble succession to .the throne, - Long: a Subject of Gossip. - r or nine -years this . attachment T jr a woman of simple lineage-, was the-subject of gossip in court circles In -Vienna. .When tne. Lmperor protested against Frans Ferdinand's' plans o marry the' woman wno was- assasMateo'- wtthMilmyester 4ayr -rhje ,Aqh4ke reealnded. -hint . hl owi previous S3 vice.... "I ' heard ' you once say," Frans Ferdinand ' repeated." "that in hoosng a wife -an - Emperor should pay po attention to. poJlUcs, but. should follow the dic tates fz his own heart. This was a chapter out of Frans Jo- seahs own life. For-nine-year Frans. Ferdinand - stutor bornly resisted the opposition of the Em peror. When finally he . married.' he an swered all arguments with the reply: The . Austrians would not . like to sea an unhappy man on the throne." . The real significance of ther whole -mat ter. However, ilea in that the tragic death of this Archduke snd his wife before' the former's ascension" to" the throne' leaves the heir Apparent to- the .throne,, not the elder of the . Archduke's twn sonsv .tout his nephew. Archduke Karl Frans Josef, a son of the late Archduke Otto, brother of Frans- Ferdinand Whether or not the Archduke upon nis ascension .to the throne would have de nied his wife a share of the Imperial honors and cut off his children- from- all hope of 'succeeding , him long, waa a mat ter for speculation in European, court and diplomatic circles., ........ ... A "Man of Strong: Character., - " In many respects Frans Ferdinand was a man of strong character, and considera ble mental ability. He was slow and de liberate about taking a position in 'a con troversy, but once he had assumed if nothing could force him - to budge from his .. conclusions.. While his . prejudices were strongly developed, not 11 of them were reactionary, " and be more and more to be regarded ?ss a man to whom might be Intrusted the reins of a Government which tbe death of Frans Josef will leave weak and demoralised. He was afflicted in youth with epilepsy. the hereditary - s courage of - the Haps burgs. and- some of his youthful pranks at times were attributed to a mild form. of insanity. He developed pulmonary trouble shortly ' after "becoming; heir to the " throne,- and - after - his return- from America - tuberculosis - became . so pro-. nounced that his early death had been predicted. " Frans Ferdinand's Wife has been de seribed as a pious minded- woman of .me dium mental attainments, but. very .clever snd possessed of great tact. She was al ways thought to have exercised great in fluence over her husband. .. --- The assassination of Frans .Ferdinand again brings to the fore a question that for years has been the subject of -spec ulation -and. conjecture in the world of International policies what is the future of Anstria-Hungary? For years the nations "on the continent have regarded the aged Emperor Frans Joseph as the one cementing force whleh has been able to. hold together oentrifugai forces that have threatened to tear apart the dual monarchy. The nearer the reian of the venerable ruler;-, now the longest in nistory, approaches ita end, the louder are the prophetic .voices raised "that ih death of the Emperor will see the deatrue. tlon of monarchy! . ; -'. - .- - . ' Bacial Questions Are Menaces. . Racial, questions' are the most serious menace to the continuity; fierce national jealousies: pan-Slavism as against' pan-Germanism give the situation, its main complexities. w - - The bersonalitv of Iha, v..-- held t,he .empire together.. During his recent illness the great question both among his subjects and anions- th ftr.in V p11Uc f Europe concerned Itself with the question of whether his deaith would lead the aratist tendencies to. spring, into violent action and brlna: about a dlsruptiorv ' . in his old age Fran a jnmh tateresU of his dynasty and his country st. heart, associated the Arehnvl Ferdinand with, himself m - ' HIS purpose was continuation of the policies which" ha v. enabled him to hoM th-.llJ1. gethec. - . , . "wu,uln' w Ten yeaj-s ago when th tr 1 thes'V,?. caused, writers' riniitw.-. YT ion statesmen of internHn.i ".' 7.?a.. ' even out again Wh predln Fhr one; in Waiting the death of the ruler would be followed by a break-up of his empire, attention began to- center upon the heir to the throne. , , . -. - " t - Archduke Franx FerdlnandT was "ts known. He was said to bo unpopular In Austria-Hungary Otherwise . Jtttlo en-e rally was known about him. and he was styled "the dark horse of Europe." Complexities Filed Higb. ' In more recent years the Emperor began to surrender the reins of government . into his nephew's bands, until of late the Archduke has Intrusted to him most of the: duties of the crown, the Emperor placing himself more in the role of adviser than sovereign.. It was all with a view to perpetuating the continuity of the dual monarchy, but the assassin now has stepped In and the murder of the Archduke now piles complexities nigh upon the situation. ,. . The Archduke, Charles Frans Joseph, -who now becomes heir to the throne,, is as unknown as was his assassinated undo 10 or 15 years sgo, when Europe prophesied that if . the "dark horse" had suddenly to take the crown, his kingdom soon would be shattered. . .. Of the new heir-apparent and: his -qualities little ia known,- for the reason that attention1 has been ' centered upon the Archduke Frans Ferdinand. At any moment be may be called upon to take the throne. The Emperor is almost at the gates of the tomb; every Illness is expected to be his last: then the antagonisms which have been -held, in ; check through the personality of the ruler will descend upon his successor,1 ah -unknown The assassination thus is held -to Increase) the possibilities of disruption. SERAJEVO, Scene of Feudal Wars, Is Rich- in the i jtomantie History - of Centuries; I . " City in Which - Assassinations Take Place-Lies in-th -Heart' of the Dinario-Alps :J Serajevo, -where' te; Archduks- -and Archduchess Ftms . Ferdinand . were assassinated. Hes far down the Alps, in the heart of the mountains of Bosnia and Hersesjovinsw of which' It la the ca"pttal.' There is no wore romantic section of the Old- World' than .this rAustrian sta(e: no city in It to fullert :.of. Uie. folklore of the deeds of strong: men. Feudal wart have swept over the land andT left Serajevo the' -"taty1 of T'siaces.'. as Its nam Is Interpreted. . . r , Not more than 50.000 persons Mve within the' limits of Serajevo. Serbs'. ToeIem arid ' Croatlans are they, the figures of Action that fill libraries-- all oyer the world.' "Damascus of tha North", the dij is. termed, .n , v .v ... TThovurh bajf.orlf nta and .wholly beauti. ful, with its' Turkish' Dasaars' its mosqas ' and cyp rVss ' groves. beside the"' tbi -btiUdtngST''ereted in1-iater years, ,s gradually changing to western type. It ia the seat, of the provincial & ernment, of a Roman Catholic Bishopin orthodox metropolitan ' of ' ttie i higb Moslem and ecclesiastical authority; fx Bels-El-Ulema and of the Supreme Comt Here the famous orphanage1 founded the Misses Irby arid Mackenzie Is locsiri a model which has llfted-the deadly. t. of . .deprivation .and want .almost un-1 lev able from the youth of the land. A; Moslem law "school Is here: 1 There is t pubUc gymnaafurnf a " technical .-insUwte and a teachers, training; .coUege. .Th mosque of Hnaref -Bey, .Beova 'Djsjn Is surpassed in beauty ' only ": by us -mosques or CohStantlnopla.- ' ''" Ths royal csjftie. headqusxters also I the army, from which theArchduk irt traveling when killed, stands high tip a Utr nvarlnnlrlnV the citv The GOV- ernor's residence "and the CathIie.an te CathoIie.an I it. far, below. K. iery. where tlw A Dervishes J Uohas a b- J Orthodox. -Oathedrals -ara There is a Pervish, monastery, howling and dancing. found: The'' Turkish' feeitioftY' sa&f with th typical lahyrlnth .of shad- . j ... r-A -rnr salt arnnalve run and ornaments for Per sonal adornment, embroideries euad gree-vvors;.. .r-r r s The mineral baths of Ilidse are near er-The whole neighborhood is 'Tien" in p- htstorfo remains. 'Jtuins.Ofr. Roman oocu- ; nation . abound...-.. - . In SersJevo ia a fair. ' old-f aahibned Eu- i ropean ' hotel. 'In the center - of "the "cty. about ' two miles" from-tb' railway sta- tion.. -? .- ,.: , Strangers seldom come to. the city... Un- til recently, the slate was" thesubject ot the moat outrageous" misrule. visitors J there' have'- declared. For. that reason f men- of the older jreneratlon. remain aloof frpm the encroaching newer sections ol the city and there ha always been bitter 5 hostility agaf nst -the Government facials. V Serajevo .was founded ln 1262 by the j Hungarian General Cotroman. under the v name of Bosnovar. ' Husref Bey "made it a Moslem center two 'centuries later, enlarged it and built his beautiful mosque It has been the center, of. a battle .ground for centuries between Austrian and Turkish armies and the Storm-center of -internal strife. - Fire has laid it waste .five times. It has -been undef Austrian rule alnca it .was captured by Baron Phillip-povic in 1878. . '' Bosnia : is art- agricultural "stare.- de spite its mountainous natare. There are some mineral . industries, .but agriculture has . flourished with the aid of Government experiment "stations7 and schools. There are few --cities iaf importance in the state other than Serajevo- Kssrt g QssrasCstsry ef Ustoskia Stevens -Duryea, bodies are wonder- fully formed the car is distinctive and .beautiful from : any angle r1: H ; : F C CJwelT. Mr; CaJdmuol Bene r Cox Csh and Raca Stree te tt: ' " 'cj-Ji.' ' ' ' n-rrrn I.
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