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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT KEWSPAPEB OF MORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. L—NO. 188 filytheville Courier Blytheville Daily Ne Mississippi Valley Leader Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLE, ARKANSAS, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1954 TEN PAGES Published Dally Except Sunday SINGLE COPY FIVE CENTS Dulles Turns To Red Threat In East Asia Secretary Elated with New Status of West Germany WASHINGTON (AP) — Secretary of Slate Dulles turned today to the problem of Communist threats to free Asia after firmly ruling out new talks now with Russia about West Germany's future. Dulles, obviously elated at West Germany's emergence as a full Atlantic Pact partner, arranged to join President Eisenhower and the rest of the National Security Council in a special meeting at the White House. Although the subject matter was secret, informants said it was a "good bet" Communist threats against Southern Indochina and Formosa would be reviewed along with the situation in other Asiatic trouble spots. With the nation looking and listening in, Dulles told Eisenhower and his Cabinet last night that. Russia's drive to divide Western Europe's anti-Communist nations would fail. At the same time, he indicated swift American-British- French rejection of Russia's formal bid for a new round, of conferences aimed at uniting Germany and arranging nationwide elections on Soviet terms. "When we have created, as I hope we will, a position of solidity and strength for Western Europe," the secretary of state said, "then there may be a new basis for discussion which doesn't exist at the present time," Historic Report Dulles' report will go down in history as the first broadcast and televised Cabinet meeting. Eisenhower decided to allow this, the V/hite House said, because of the importance of last week's conference which charted West Germany's military comeback, i Dulles' words about the need for beefing up Allied strength in West Europe before new talks with Russia made it clear the United Stales ,for one, is not impressed by Russia's newest argument — that any United Nations move to arrange step-by-step disarmama- ment would fail as long as the West German military agreements stand. Dulles hailed the twin diplomatic conferences for buildjng toward a strong uni'ted Europe and paving the way for "a good partnership on both sides of the • Atlantic Ocean." Russia's continuing campaign to split the Western European Allies will fail, he predicted, adding: "This program we worked out, in fact, is going to protect Russia as much as it protects anybody else against a possible resurgence of German militarism." Optimistically. Dulles forecast swift French ratification of the West German military agreements. Diplomatic officials reported that Dulles' refusal to plunge into new talks with Russia about Germany apparently is backed by Britain. Know Your Ballot Little Support Seen For Tall Value' Tax Proposal in Election EDITOR'S NOTE — This Is the first of which wilt be on the general election ballot. President May Take 11th Hour Swing Through Key States By LEON HATCH LITTLE ROCK (AP) — How are you going to find out what 20 per cent of anything is without knowing the value of the thing itself? That simple question might well serve as the central idea behind the so called "100 per cent" or "full value" proposed constitutional amendment which will be voted on at the general election a week from today. Nobody now gives the proposal —formally proposed constitutional amendment No. 43 — a ghost of a chance of adoption. Gov. Francis Cherry, the man most closely iden- ified with it in the public mind. lias been defeated for a second :erm nomination. Nobodv has raifi- Tears, Pleas Fail, Woman on Jury CLEVELAND (AP) — A woman who burst into tears and pleaded to be excused was seated anyway today as a juror at the murder trial of Dr. Samuel H. Sheppard. Answering questions from de- «• 26 Counties Now in Cotton Quarantine LITTLE ROCK W) — Plans to include 18 additional counties in Ar-j kansas' cotton quartine area have' ,,, been announced by the State Plant! caus . Board. The proposed quartine extension, which will be discussed in a public meeting here Nov. 5, were announced after the pink bolhvorm was discovered in Yell County. Paul H, Millar, chief inspector, said the pink bollworm also was found in Clark and Logan Counties last week. Eight Counties already are under quartine. The quartine extension would include Crawford, Calhoun, Dallas, Franklin, Garland, Hot Springs, Johnson, Pope, Sebastian, Logan, Scott, Yell, Polk, Montgomery, Pike, Clark, Ouachita and Union Counties. fense counsel Fred Garmone with seeming poise, Mrs. Gencvieve A. Pelsay suddenly looked fixedly at the handsome osteopath for the first time. Then the blond biscuit company employee lowered her head and, with tears brimming in her eyes, fumbled in her pocketbook for handkerchief. "I would like to be excused," she said, her voice choking. "I would not like to be on this case." Her sudden outburst followed this question: Is there any doubt in your mind that Sam Sheppard as he sits here in this courtroom is presumed to be innocent?" Tears Flow She shifted her eyes from the ceiling to Sheppard, and the tears started to flow. Mrs. Pelsay was a replacement for Gerald Liederbach, a mailman who delivered letters to the door of Defense Atty. Garmone. The state, using its second peremptory challenge, thumbed Liederbach out of the jury box. That was another move in the reshuffling of the jury that will be asked to send Sheppard to the electric chair for the murder of his blond, pregnant wife, Marilyn, 31, in her bed fast July 4. Mrs. Pelsay recovered her composure in a matter of moments and Judge Edward Blythin refused a defense request that she be excused. Sheppard, himself, sat quietly through the emotional display from the witness stand. Just before Judge Blythin seated Mrs. Pelsay as tentative juror No. he asked if she broke down be- of the questions put to her. "It was quite "n ordeal," she told the court. Can't Explain The judge asked her if she still felt the same way and Mrs. Peisay told him: "I still would like to be excused." Very gently, Judge Blythin demanded to know why. "I just can't really explain to you," Mrs. Pelsay said. She was then told to take her j seat afte r r a briel recess. The defense then used its second peremptory challenge to remove Mrs. Maria S White, who wa.s se- Ark-Mo Line Broken Twice Road Graders Hit Gas Line South of Town in Mishaps A pair of accidents caused breaks in Arkansas-Missouri Power Co.'s main gas transmission south of Blytheville yesterday. First of the twin accidents occurred when a grader doing ditch work struck the six-inch line and broke it three miles west of Luxora. This accident happened about 10 a.m. and emergency crews had it repaired by 12:30 p.m. However, at noon, the same line was struck by a road grader, also ditching, about lour miles west of Moore Brothers Store and south of Highway 18. This rent was patched up by 4 p.m. Company spokesmen pointed out that only industrial users were deprived of service. Pressure in the line was main- .ained and commercial and resident ial users south of the line, , which runs to Luxora, Oscnohi and Wilson, inc. drew the gas the Hit and Run Death Probed New Developments Are Expected Soon New developments are expected soon in the hit-and-run death of Ethel Privitt, Negro woman, on a gravel road south of Highway 18 lear Armorel early Monday, Sherff William Berryinan said this morning. An investigation is still under ed a voice in iis behalf, but plenty of opposition voices have been heard. Nevertheless, it will be on the ballot — the 1953 Legislature put it there and there's no way to take it off. Not Set by Law The proposal, us everyone knows, is concerned with the assessment of real estate and pei sonal property fo» tax purposes. At present a person is supposei to list all his taxable real and personal property with the county as sensor at 20 per cent of its actua value. The 20 per cent figure is fixed by statute. The law says the Public Service Commission shal set the percentage of value for assessment purposes. Twenty pei cent is the ratio currently in use Eventually the taxpayer will ge a tax bill based on his assessment The total, besides fixed road and poll taxes, will represent so mud to the county, so much to tin school district and so much to the municipality if he lives in corporated area. All charges wtl be based on millage—that is many mills for each dollar of valu ation as represented by the tax payer's assessment, the rate de pending on where he lives. Everybody pretty general!;* agrees that a true 20 per cent valu ation i.s as rare a.s—well, as rare 50 per cent one was when that rate Was in effect. "Voluntary Pledge" In actual practice a citizen can vssess just about what he wants to at what valuation he wants to. Assessment h,as been called, not inaptly, a "voluntary pledge." Some citizens undoubtedly pay more than their fair share of property taxes, other pay less and still others perhaps pay none at all. A committee appointed by Gov. Cherry to study the admittedly inequitable situation recommended that assessment be at "market value" — the "100 per cent" or "full" designation is not used. This suggestion and others were em bodies in the proposed constitutional amendment. A state Board of Equalization would be set up to supervise work of the elected county tax assessors and see that all property was listed on the tax books. Until the state board had certified that property in a specific county was equalized at market value assessment procedures would continue as at present. After the certification had been made, specified inaxlmum.s would be invoked for millage rates. They would supplant present maximums in counties and municipalities and would establish maximums i n school districts, which presently are not limited in the amount of millage which may be voted. Vole on Budgets For assessment at "market value." the proposed amendment provides that the state board "shall classify property according to type, u.sic thereof and income therefrom and prepare and prescribe a method or formula for use ... in determining the. market value of property or classes of property..." The proposal also would require Whcn the worm first was dis-( lected only yesterday as a replace- covered in Miller and Hempstead I merit for Mrs. Grace L. Prinz, one Counties in 1953, quartine rules of the original jurors. Mrs. White said during examination she had discussed the cn.se were set up to include Little River, Sevier, Howard, Nevada, Lafayette and Columbia Counties. (Courier News today checked an earlier report that Craighead County was on the list of quartine counties. (This report was printed in some newspapers this morning, but Mr. Millar told this newspaper the Craighead listing among counties slated for quartine was in error.) •with relatives and friends, "but. not since I was called as a prospective juror." As the second week of the trial got underway yeste/day, two tentative jurors were excused and two new ones picked to replace them. That job, the seemingless endless questioning of the people who are See SHEPPARD on Page 3 Traffic and Assault Charges Bring Fines Two cases were brought before Municipal Court this morning in which one person forfeited a traffic bond and another was fined on a charge of assault with a deadly weapon. , John Cooper forfeited $111.15 on a charge of driving while intoxicated while Minnie Bell Gaddis was fined S50 and costs with $15 suspended during good behavior on a charge of assault with a deadly weapon. Marine Recruiter Come Here Sgt. Artie J. White, Marine Corps Recruiter, will be in Blytheville Nov. 1, from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. and Nov. 2, from 8 til 11 a. m. at the new recruiting station on the second floor of City Hall. He will be accepting applications for immediate enlistment in the Marine Corps with commercial airlines transportation furnished to San Dfego, Calif,, for recruit training. i Missouri Prison Erupts Again; Second Fire in Three Days way by county officers he said that budgets ° e approved by vot- with good prospects of an early • ers for counties, municipalities and solution. .. -school districts before any prop- The incident occured about 1:40 i erlv taxes are levied. The tax rate a. m. yesterday while she wns; in each instance would be neces- walking home after visiting at ai sai '>' to finance the approved bud- friends house. 1 get. If a projected budget should Her body was discovered in the • l)e rejected, the expenditures for road by her husband, Marian! the preceding year would consti- Privitt, who started home a few 1 tutn the budget. minutes later. I Under the proposed amendment, He is being held in county jail, i the state would be prohibited from the-sheriff said. collecting a property tax. For a number of years the General Assembly has not levied a property tax, but it still has that authority. A previous attempt to lake the state out of he property tax field by constitutional amendment was rejected. The state Board of Equalization which would play an important pnrt under the proposal would be composed of three members serving staggered 12-year terms. They j would he appointed by the governor, subject lo confirmation by the Senate. ' PAST HALFWAY — While Mayor E. R. Jackson (right) calls out the figure, Harvey Morris, Community Chest campaign chairman, marks the giant red feather gauge In the Chamber of Commerce office past the halfway mark. The 1954 red feather drive reached 52.8 per cent of its goal this morning as volunteer workers reported an additional $550.03 in solicitations. The cam- paign now stands at $12,815.88. The goal Is $25,280. Chest officials today urged volunteer workers to "double their efforts" in the next few days In an attempt to reach 100 per cent of the goal by Nov. 1. At the same lime, officials called for another report meeting of all workers next week. (Courier News I'hnto) Italy Takes Over Trieste With Celebration 9-Years Control By U.S.-British Forces Ends Nehru Tours Red Cities TOKYO UP)—Prime Minister Nehru of India and his party returned to Peiping this morning after visiting major cities in Manchuria, Pei- ping radio said today. JEFFERSON CITY I/B second fire in three days The in the women's branch of Missouri's riot- torn staie penitentiary was put out quickly by Jefferson City firemen today. There was no damage, except that done to materials stored in the room where the fires broke out, and no one was injured. Hugh H. Waggoner, superintendent, of the stage highway patrol, said five or six fires were set in the basement sewing room in an old administration building at the women's prison, which Is about a half mile from the main penitentiary. "We're going to make an immediate investigation and arrest those we find did it" he said. "We'll charge them and put them In the Cole County Jail." "We're going to fill up the Cole County jai." The highway patrol head said one of two troopers on emergency duty at the woman's branch had checked the sewing room a few minutes before the fires were discovered and everything was in order. All the windows and doors were locked at that time. But after the alarm was sounded by a trooper who smelled the smolte, a doorway to the first floor of the old building was found unlocked. Firemen had the fire under control in about 20 minutes. Only a short time before the fires broke out Warden Ralph N. Eldson announced that as far UK he Is concerned guards "will be armed from now on" In the three dining halls of the main prison, scene of four disturbances since Sept. 22. Inside Today's Courier News . . . Undefeated Arkansas Rank r ed 4th In Nation ... All But One Ml.vscu Grid Team In Action This Week . . . Shakeup at Texas Underway . . . Sports . . . pages 6 and 7 ... "How Reds Conduct "Model" Election . . . KdltoriaU . . • P»*e 4 ... . . . Lanza Can Write Own Ticket . , . Second In a Scries of "The Great Murlo" . . . paffe 5 ... . . . India Calls for Halt of Weaponn Production as UN Nears End of Diurmnmeut Tilki . . . P*re 10 ... TRIESTE Wi—Italy took over Trieste today in a rain-drfrnched )ut fervent celebration marking he end of nine years of Brillsh- Americnn control over this long- disputed Adriatic city. A bitter wind and slanting rain washed out a series of cfromonics icheduled for the formal change if command. But a cheering throng of Trieste Citizens broke through police baric r.s when Italian army, navy and air force units msirermd into the :ity for the first time since World War IT. Thousands pressed onto the vaterfront to hail a five-ship Ilal- an naval squadron as it sU.':imt?d nto the harbor. Their cheers near- y drowned out the roar of 1M Hal- air force jets which swept cross the city's grey skies. KMnn;il I'JnrJ The formal end of the Allied Military Government came at 10 m.. with aproclamation signed y British MaJ. Gen. Sir .John Vlntcrton, Allied military governor of the Trieste lerrilory's /Com: A. The proclamation wa.s read over Trieste Radio. It was thu first liiiv sincf M;w 8, 1945, that Allied soldiers h;ul not been in the city i/i strength. At noon, the red. white and green Italian national colors rose over Unity Square, the hcftrl of the city. Five minutes later, Maj. Gen. Eumondo de Rcnxi, the new Italian military governor, issurd an emotional greeting to the city's inhabitants on their return to Italy. The merican troopship W. G. Haan pulled out shortly afterwards with about 1,700 U.S. troops aboard. The people momentarily dropped their greetings to the Italians. With cheers, waving flu MS and honking of horns aloni,' the waterfront they bade farewell lo the Americans, McCarthy Flings Prejudice' Charge WASHINGTON (AP) — Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) today hurled a "prejudice" charge at Sen. Walkins (R-Utah) and two other members of a special six-man committee which has recommended that McCarthy be censured for certain of his actions as a senator. This wa.s the first time McCarthy has leveled a bias accusation directly at members of the censure committee, although he has Indicated he felt Chairman Watklnn and Senators Kdwln C. .Johnson <D-Colo) and Krvln (D-NC) were ;n-ninst him. In his chiii'KC locliiy, he- mentioned only Walk ins by niiinc. in Salt Lukn City Wiitkins said, unprejudiced committee be appointed." The special committee of three Republicans and three Democrats returned a report Sept. 27 rccom- n.ending unanimously that the Senate publicly reprimand McCarthy on grounds that, he showed con- Senate elections which inv(. i .'itinated ind other affairs in subcommittee •Tm not K«lrm to be provoked Into., B5 . 2 . thill hc uswl --vulgar" i, m any diversions whatsoever." \^ Iltjma „ |m , nlbl , r [)f Lhat (:Jcc ._ "I think it's unethical, he siild. i Uoiu . ou . am , Umt n(; al) , JSO( , for me to .start arguing this inn -| A Brj G(;n Rn| h w Zwlch . tor before the hniii.t.- considers lt^ invitations subcom- aud before the official report hus 1 ., iictimlly been filed with the Senate. That cannot be done until the Senate Is In session." Wiitkins siiid he has not received McCarthy's letter anti added: "I will acknowledge receipt of his letter as .soon as I receive it." With the climactic Senate debate i censure le.s.s t hnn two weeks n way, McCarthy inn tie public a otter to Watkins in which he .said: "It. is ' now unquestioned that three members of the committee, including yourself, Indicated prejudice lowiird me before you were selected to net on that committee fid fniled to tell the vice president »f your statement. In that regard Before hc appointed you to this commit tee. "Dclihcnilf! Dccentliin" "Thi<; would appear lo he n dc- liberate deception of the vice pros- itlent awl ;i fniud upon the Senate which oljviou:;!}' intended that an Htee hearing. Tl -a Senate is to reconvene Nov. H to coasidcr the recommendations. During an Interview Oct. 3, McCarthy questioned the inipiirtjjillty of Johnson, who has acknowledged saying In a newspaper Interview lust .spring that Senate Democratic 'Would Like' To Make Tour Ike Aide Says WASHINGTON (AP) — The While House said today President Eisenhower "would like" to make an llth hour campaign swing through critical states — which is being urged by some GOP leaders — but has made no decision. OOP strategists, believing their party got a lift from Eisenhower's two nationwide appearances on radio and television last night are eager to have the President take to the road. The White House described as "nonpolitlcal" last night's TV-radio Cabinet session on the new European defense alliance and the President's later speech on economic conditions. Prime Ammunition The latter address however, furnished fellow Republicans some prime campaign ammunition. El- senhower reported unemployment has dropped 40,000 to a new total of 2,700,000. This put It below three million for the first time this year. The employment situation is a major issue In many key industrial states. White House press secretary Jiinics Hagerty said any decision as to whether Eisenhower will make a campaign swing between now and Tuesday's election "will have to wait one or two days." Ho said Eisenhower "would like to speak to the people of tha country and to workers in the political organization of the Republican party to see that everybody gets out and votes on Election Day." "Lot of Work" But the President also "has a lot of work to do here, too," Haerty snld. Tlierc have been persistent reports that the President would make a flyln campaign trip, possibly Friday and Saturday .through six or more states considered critical tn.sLs In the election. One proposed schedule called for visits to Louisville, Ky., Waterloo, Iowa, and Detroit, Mich., on Frt- clny with an ocrnight fltop In Detroit. Under this schedule the President would then islt Minneapolis, Boston and Wilmlnton, Del., on •Saturday. Another report said Eisenhower might campaign in Ohio. Hagerty declined to discuss a passible itinerary except to confirm that a visit to Michigan had proposed. Sen. Churles Potter i R-Mleh) called at the White Iou.se this morning but White House aides said he did not come •Useass any presidential campaign trip. Stork's Out Reporters told Hagerty that stories were out about advance .Secret Service arrangements for a presidential trip, particularly a visit lo Uoston. HatferLy said he is ( "positive there has been no ad- 'loathc" McCarthy, and ofivance work," by the Secret Serv- whom the. Wisconsin sen- \ U i e. lor rninU'd us having told a IK.-WS- papr lit* thought McCarthy should Burglars Get $15 in Break-In Burglars entered niytheville Coach Lines' building on Franklin Street last night and took about. $!5 In change, according to information from the sheriff's office. A lock on one of the froni. doors was broken to «ain entrance to the building, Deputy Charley Short suid. The burglary was discovered early this morning by one of the drivers for the company when he went to the terminal for a bus. County officers are Investigating. Fire Destroys 200 Hornet SEOUL </I'r—Fire today destroyed »bout 200 houses and left 1.000 persons homeless In Chunchon, 50 miles northeast of here. C. B. Wood Is Named To AADA Directorship C. H. Wood of O.scoohi has been riiimed ;i director in the Arkansas Automobile Dealers AssociaUon. The sroup held Itfl annual convention in Little Rock yesterday. Mr. Wood 'A'a.'i mimed to S'irve ,a thrf.-c-year term on the bonrd the AADA. be removed from UK: Senate Investigations subcommittee. fiolh Johnson utul Krviti suld in advance of the McCarthy censure investigation they could and would jmifje the evidence impartially. rneu'ctl Criticism In the Oct. 3 interview McCarthy also renewed previous criticism of a WatkiiL'i statement that senntor.s cijinol be expected to be impartial on controversial rjucstion-s. McCar- Lh., called tin's "the most amazing statement I ever heard." At the Lime, Watklas explained that what he had in mind was that impartiality could not hc required in Ihc Senate ILself. In his 'etter today, McCarthy pressed his request for an appearance by Watkin.s before the Jnve-stl- subcommittee in connection with the Pcrc.ss case. Replying to aii earlier invitation, Watklns said in Salt Lake City Saturday night of i other commitments would prevent 'his being on hand before Nov. 8. The President's discussion of the unemployment situation, theme of Democratic criticism of the administration in several congressional races, rjime in ;m address to members of the National Security Industrial Assn. here. He called 1954 "our most prosperous peacetime year in history," but added that "in certain industries and localities some unemployment still exists as the aftermath of war and inflation." He said "good progress is heing made" toward reducing joblessness. Then, departing from his pre- pnrcd text, hc said he had just received this "latest report" on unemployment: Reduced 400.000 "In this month, u (unemployment) has been reduced by 400.000 See KISEN'UOWKK on Page 3 Weather Holy Land Exhibit Begins Final Week of Showing in Blytheville The Holy Land exhibit at 124 W. Main yesterday began its final week In Blytheville. The mechanical, hnud made model of Palestine is to leave the city after Sunday's showing. Crowds from over southeast Misouri find northeast Arkansas continue to receive the exhibit enthusiastically. This unique exhibit Is open dally from 1 to 5 p.m. and 7 to 11 p.m. Admlfilson Is 50 cents for adults and 25 cents for children. Here is a sampling of comments mm recent viewers: Exceptional and educational. — Paul Kirkindall. I A very Interesting exhibit and worth seeing. — E. J. Holifleld, Jonesboro. Certainly educational. Everyone should see it. — John M. Duncan. It is a beautiful exhibit. — Elizabeth Tidwell, Dell. This exhibit is an educational experience worthy of anyone's time. — Mr. and Mrs. John Parks, Stecle. Interesting and educational. — Mrs. Ralph Caudle. Wonderful. Never seen anything like It. — Mrs. J. M. Speck, Osceola. Educational and beautiful. — Mr. and Mrs. Wclton Henry, Lll- bourn, Mo. ARKANSAS — Considerabla cloudiness .scattered thundcrshow- ers this afternoon and in east and south tonight, colder tonight and Wednesday; lowest in the 40s extreme northwest tonight. MISSOURI — Cloudy today and tonight with scattered showers and Ihundershowers east and south today and southeast tonight; Wednesday cloudy south partly cloudy north with showers and thunderstorms southeast and rain likely southwest. Minimum thla morning—no report. Maximum yesterday—no report. Sunrise tomorrow—6:16. Sunset today—5:14. Menu tem|ten\turt? (mldwny between ,IKH nnd low)—no report, precipitation I fiat 34 hours to 7 a.m. —no report. cclpltatton Jnn. 1 to thli. Unte — 27.80. This Data Last Year Maximum yesterday—77. Minimum this morning—52. Precipitation January 1 to daw — 36,67.