THURSDAY, APRIL 9, 1953 BLYTHEVILLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWS PACE SEVEN NumbefOneTidelandsQuestion— Where Are Historic Boundaries? By JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON Wi—Those in favor of giving the states the submerged lands off their shores say: "Give it to them out to their historic boundaries." But those who want the government to keep those lands ask: "Out to what historic boundaries? What are they and where are they?" It would be a smart man who could convince everyone he had the answer. Because ' the legislation, which Congress is now preparing to pass, is so vague on thai question the Supreme Court may have" to solve the problem, perhaps years from now, thUs piling legal snarls on all those that have gone before. Yet the answer is worth billions of dollars because the submerged lands off California, Texas and Louisiana are rich with oil. Presi- Feud Over Sitting Bull's Bones Ends, He Rests in New Grave MOBRIDGE. S. D. (.«—The long- fought-over bones of Sitting Bull rested today in a new grave along the Grand River here, encased in FACES MURDER CHARGE — Mrs. Dorothy Wells, 20-year-old Little Rock housewife, faces second degree murder charge in the death of her baby son. She has been accused of killing 3-months- old Michael /Veils by throwing him ori the floor of her garage apartment. Mrs. Wells is confined to the State Hospital lor a sanity test. (AP Plioto) Violence Flares Anew In Africa DURBAN, South Africa f/Pj — South Africa's turbulent general election campaign^, now in its final week, flared into violence again last night. Hecklers crying "Heil Hitler" stormed the speaker's platform at ^ a United party rally at Magut. Zululand, to rip down posters they didn't like. Fist lights broke out. After an uproar that Lasted an hour, the meeting was called off. The audience was, packed with many supporters of.Prime Minister Daniel F. Malan's Nationalist party. They demanded that a poster picturing the United party leader, J. G. N. Strauss, with three former South Africa prime ministers, be removed. With feelings reaching a high pitch as the April 15 election nears, public brawling is becoming more frequent. ASTC HEAD — Silas D. Snow was named president of Arkansas State Teachers College at Conway last Tuesday. He succeeds Dr. Nolen M. Irby, who resigned after 12 years as president. The 44- year-old Snow formerly was superintendent of schools at Crossett. (AP Photo) an estimated 20 tons of steel and concrete. "It will take an A-bomb to move him now," said Walter Tuntland of Mobridge, chairman of the South Dakota Memorial Association. . Remains of the ancient Indian leader, dead for 63 years, were moved here Wednesday in the climax of a long-simmering feud between North and South Dakota groups. • Hereabouts, it was claimed North Dakotans weren't taking care of Sitting Bull's old burial place at Ft. Yates, headquarters of the Standing Rock Sioux Indian Reservation. After many, but futile, interstate Verbal exchanges, a party of Sough Dakotans. took matters—and shovels—into their own hands. They dug up and moved the bones here by truck. The new grave is about 30 miles south of Sitting Bull's old resting place. "I was tired of the white man's red tape and delays," said Clarence Grey Eagle of Bullhead, S.D., who headed the party. Its members claimed to represent Sitting Bull's heirs. North Dakota was shouting "foul" because no official disinterment permit was obtained. Dr. R. O. Saxvik, the state's health officer, said: "A law has been violated and we are taking steps." But South Dakota ws,s quick to point out that the bones still are on the reservation, which straddles the borders of the two states. Charles Spencer, reservation superintendent, watched the disin- tennent. "I think Indians have the right to say where their relatives shall be buried," he o0nmented. The Department of the Interior, In a telegram, agreed that the matter was one for decision by the heirs. Two Indians stood guard over the new grave site Wednesday night—"until the concrete hardens," it was explained. Tuntland said the bones were encased in an .8 by 10-foot steel crypt. Concrete then was poured into the ground below, at the sides and then atop the steel rectangle. Kiwanians Told Of Diamond Uses Mrs. Gladys Hannaford of New York City discussed diamonds and their uses with members of the Blytheville Kiwanis Club &t the club's weekly meeting in Hotel *to- ble yesterday. Mrs. Hannaford, a representative of the Diamond Industry of America, explained to the Kiwanians how diamonds were used in industry as well as in jewelry. Following her short address, she displayed a collection of replicas of some of the world's most expensive diamonds. Mrs. Hannaford was introduced by Dr. James C. Guard. Other guests at yesterday's meeting were circuit Judge Charles Light and Gordon Saylor of Paragould, Andy Anderson of Dallas, Tex., and Jerry Cockrell. WARNING ORDER In the Chancery Court, Chlcka- sawba District, Mississippi County, Arkansas. Johnny Lee Williams, Ptf. vs. Ko. 12,330 Martha Williams, Dft. The defendant, Martha Williams, Is hereby warned to appear within thirty days in the court named In the caption hereof and answer the complaint of the plaintiff, Johnny Lee Williams. Dated this 25 day of March, 1953. Geraldine Liston, Clerk By Lavcrne Ball, D. C. Claude F. Cooper, atty. for ptf. Ed B. Cook, atty. ad litem. 3,26-4,2-9-16 r > FOR LEASE > Would you like to have a new building constructed to plans that meet your needs? Location at 320 North Broadway, building can be located on railway switch. Prefer to build large warehouse on location for implement dealer, plenty of lot space to go with building. Material now on hand to start construction . . .can start at TOM LITTLE REALTY CO. 4 4 109 W. Main Phon* 2323 4 4 4 A dent Eisenhower's attorney gener al, Herbert Brownell, u >sked Coiv gress before It approved the measure it is now considering, to draw a line, showing what the boundaries are. That might be the solution to the endless question about boundaries, he said, and if Congress didn't do it, there might be a long fight ending up in the Supreme Court. But Congress ignored him on this. Now Congress Is getting ready. to pass, a bill which, in effect, says this: . All states will own the submerged lands seaward from their shores for three miles; and any lands beyond that If they can prove they have a just claim to them. A Lot of Revenue What would be a just claim? What this may mean in future revenue, for the states or the federal government, can be seen from this: The estimated oil potential off California is two billion barrels, with more than half of It within the three miles. California has far less to gain than Louisiana and Texas by fighting to claim lands beyond three miles. The potential oil reserve off Louisiana has been estimated at four billion barrels, with only 250 million Inside the three-mile limit and 3% billion barrels beyond that point. But the estimated potential for Texas is nine billion barrels, wtih 400 million within the three- mile limit, 800 million more between 3 and lOVi miles, and 7,800,000,000 beyond lO 1 ^ miles. While it was still a republic, before entering the union in 1845, Texas claimed a seaward boundary of 10!4 miles. But in 1947 the State Legislature claimed ownership of all the submerged lands off Texas out U> the edge of the continental shelf, a distance of perhaps 135 miles. Louisiana's Legislature in 1938 decided the State's seaward boun dary was 27'/ 2 miles. But was that 27>/2 miles from the shoreline of the land mass of Louisiana or 27 Vl- miles from the state's outermost Island in the Gulf of Mexico, 10>/ 2 miles from shore? The representative that Louisiana sent up here to explain his state's case to the Senate, Atty. Gen. Fred S. Leblanc, was helpless on the boundary question. He said he couldn't say what it was and that if the current legislation is approved by Congress the Supreme Court may have to decide. Only W'A Miln Texas' former attorney general, Sen. Daniel, told the Senate last week that Texas' legal claim to submerged lands is really only 10'/2 miles. That doesn't mean Congress couldn't later extend such a boundary. After listening to the statement of Daniel, Sen. Douglas, Illinois Democrat and an opponent of giving the submerged lends to the states, tackled Sen Cordon, Oregon Republican, one of the supporters of the idea. Douglas asked Cordon if he agreed with Daniel, that Texas' boundary should be only 10!i miles. Cordon said he wouldn't agree or disagree. When Douglas then pressed him to explain just what Texas' legal boundary is, Cordon said Douglas would have to get the answer from the Supreme Supreme Court. Before this country became a nation some of the colonies claimed jurisdiction over vast tracts of the sea. Virginia claimed it for 1,000 miles out from shore, New Hampshire for 100 miles. It was Thomas Jefferson, when he was secretary of state in 1793, who proclaimed U. S. government jurisdiction over the sea out to a three-mile limit. He did this long before oil was thought of and for dealing with other nations. "LOOK. MRS. JURAS. NO HANDS"-After throwing its rider while roaring up a hill in Denver, this rampaging motorcycle crossed a street, jumped a curb, somersaulted and crashed through the wall and window of this unlucky house. Mrs. Dorothy Juras surveys the damage—estimated at over $1000—wrought by the riderless vehicle. Faulty Eating Habits Hurting Teen-Agers NEW YORK OP)—A nutrition expert says faulty eating' habits among many teen-agers from all income groups are endangering their health and future well-being. Dr. Pauline Beery Mack, dean of the College of Household Arts and Sciences at Texas State College, yesterday announced results of a 10-year study of 2,500 boys and girls. "Because of misguided and unguided eating habits," she said, many teen-agers suffer from the following; Underweignt, stunted growth, re-1 tarded skeletal maturity, poor min- eralization of bones, minor and ma- I jor skeletal deformities, poor com-j plexion, poor teeth, and eye difficulties, i' Teen-aged boys, Dr. Mack said, made a much better showing in the survey, partly because girls are more inclined to diet during their teens, Those from the highest Income groups often showed "serious cases of undernutrition." she said, adding: "A well-balanced diet is often less costly than a poor diet." Germany's Reds Said Importing Strike Specialists BONN, Germany (.-Pi—West Germany's weak Communist party is said to be importing "foreign specialists" in strikes and sabotage— from Italy especially—in a new effort to cripple industrial production. The German Industrial Institute reported today that these were the latest tactics of the party, which previously drew its "expert" saboteurs and agents from Russian-occupied East Germany. The East zone imports have had little success GO the new experts are being smuggled in rrom countries which have large, effective Communist parties, the report said. Hearing Date Set In Murder Case Late Comer Spoils Dream NEW YORK (VP> — Consider the hard-luck story of Harry Bond. Last Oct. 11, Bond, assistant manager of a Manhattan theater, found a $10,000 diamond-studded bracelet in the movie house. He turned it over to police. No claimant appeared during the past months and authorities arranged to turn it over to Bond today—with appropriate ceremonies. Yesterday police were forced to cancel the ceremony. An unidcnti- fid person, they said, had started legal action to claim the bracelet. LITTLE ROCK (/PI-A 45-year-old Read Courler News classified Ads bondsman will go on trial here May 21 in connection with the fatal shooting of his young secretary. Deputy Prosecutor Prank Holt announced the trial date yesterday tor O. W. Jack Smith. Smith has been charged with second degree murder in the death of his 21-year- old secretary, Mrs. Dolores McLaughlin Edwards. Wounded in the shooting affray in Smith's office here Ffib. 29 was his assistant bondsman, Irving Newcomb. Smith is tree on $5,000 bond. Read Courier News Classified Ads. Adams Appliance Co. Inc. "W.'WO&OOll &'/ '•••.' /M't "J 50 Million eaten last year, Gentlemen ! Good, but let's do better this year ! DONT BE THEIR NEXT VICTIM! If your home is as much as two years old you thould have a thorough inspection. We also replace damaged timbers and do floor leveling. Call for a free inspection and estimate. Our company is certified by the Stale of Arkansas. We can treat your home or do any work that is necessary without »ny down payment with three years to pay. SUPERIOR 535 North Sixth St. Phont 2350 Truman Visits 3 Volcanoes HONOLULU (/Pi — Former President Harry S. Truman ptud a 1 flying visit to three or Hawaii's lamed volcanoes yesterday and was welcomed to Hilo by thousands of cheering admirers. Truman (lew over Haleakaln In a Navy transport plane, ate lunch nt an Inn on the slopes of Mauna Loa imd looked Into a crater atop Kllauea. The former President returned to his Coconut Island vacation retreat last night. U.S. Planes Fly Flood Missions BALBOA, Panama Canal Zone MP) — U. S. Air Force planes from AI- bropk bfl,se in the Cunal Zone have flown more than one million pounds of supplies between the flood-isolated Ecuadorean cities of Quito and Guayaquil, Caribbean Air Command headquarters announced last night. 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