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BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THE DOMINANT NEWSPAPER OP-NORTHEAST ARKANSAS AND SOUTHEAST MISSOURI VOL. XLIX—NO. 17 Blythevllle Courier Mississippi Valley Leader Blyth«viU« Dally Newt Blytheville Herald BLYTHEVILLB, ARKANSAS, THURSDAY, APRIL 9, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES SINGLE COPIES FIVE CENTS WMtt House Says— No Decision On Division Of Korea Hagerty Denies Times'Report on War Settlement WASHINGTON (AP) — The White House said today the Eisenhower administration ''has never readied any conclusion that a permanent division of Korea is desirable or feasible." .Press Secretary James C. Hagerty also said the administrator! has never concluded that such a division would be "consistant with the decisions of the United Nations." Hagerty at his daily news conference eaid further that no consideration has been given by the administration to establishment of a trusteeship for Formosa. Hagerty brought up the subject by referring to a Washington dispatch in today's New York Times. 90 Miles North The story said the Eisenhower administration is "willing to accept a settlement in Korea based on a boundary'at the narrow waist of the peninsula," about 90 miles north of the present battle line. The story also said the administration "is casting about for a solution that would assure an independent Formosa." the island stronghold of the Chinese National government. "A possibility beipg considered," the Times said, "is a United Nations trusteeship for that strategic island, with the creation of a republic of Formosa as the ultimate goal." "Without Foundation" Hagerty said he had been asked for comment on the story. And in response he was making this statement: "The reported administration policy on Formosa and Korea is without foundation of fact. ' "No consideration has been given by the administration to a United Nations trusteeship for Formosa. "Likewise, the administration has never reached any conclusion that a permanent division of Korea is desirable or feasible, or consistent with the decisions of the United Nations." BVD AWARD WINNER — Leo Bombolaski, 606 South Franklin, receives fourth place award of two $5 merchandise certificates from Herb Childs following the drawing held yesterday afternoon at the conclusion of the first of this year's Blytheville Value Days. Winner of the first prize of 10 $o certificates — given this year instead of cash — was Mrs. James C. Qray of Rt. 3, Blytheville. Second and third prize winners of $10 in certificates were W. C. Goodman, 128 East Ash, and Mrs. Dan Harrington of Luxora. Fifth through eighth-place winners, who received one certificate each, were Clarence Randolph of Blytheville, Bessie B. Williams, 1001 West Ash, Mrs. Gertie Ladel of Holland, Mo., and Miss Joe McGhee, 530 Lumerate. Vernell McGregor drew the winners' names. Only Mr. Bombolaski and Mrs. Harrington were present at the drawing. Next Blytheville Value Day will be April 22 (Courier News Photo) Pace Denies Seeing Van Fleet Reports Ammunition Shortage Not Called To His Attention, He TeJIs Probers Koreans Free 7 British Civilians TOKYO Wi—The Pyongyang radio late tonight said the North Korean government had freed seven British subjects for repatriation to Russian representatives at Antung in Southern Manchuria. The announcement was made by the North Korean Foreign Ministry. Radio press monitors said the broadcast identified three of those released as Vivian Holt. British Minister to Seoul at the start of the war; George Blake, vice consul; and Philip Deane, war correspondent for the London Observer and International News Service. Other names were not available. The broadcast listed them as the first secretary of the British legation in Seoul, two missionaries and a Salvation Army worker. Allies Studying Reds' Air Plan . BERLIN f.-Pj—Western Allied experts are- studying a Soviet plan to revise air safety rules over Germany. Informed sources said the American, British and French airmen are trying to agree among themselves on the Soviet proposals. made at a fouivpower conference Tuesday night.-Details of the Russian proposal, stemming from van announced aim to avoid air incidents with the kept secret. Allies, have been No Press Conference WASHINGTON (/Pj -Pre sident Eisenhower, with 10 other engagements scheduled, decided to forego his, usual Thursday meeting .with newsmen today. WASHINGTON (AP) — Former Secretary of the Army Frank Pace r. told senators today he never saw any reports from Gen. James Aan Fleet that there was an ammunition shortage in Korea * ruJ'tJ ried that lepoits—which Van Fleet said , he made almost daily as commander of the U. S. Eighth Army—were not called to his personal attention. Pace also denied that former \OnWfW I CfKn Lov ett had taken control o°f ammu- ^ViU IIU J VI M JII nitlon production out of the Army's hands last November. Lovelt told a Senate Armed Services subcommittee yesterday he "lost patience" with the Army's handling of an ammunition short- ago and gave control of the problem to a civlian assistant. Pace challenged this statement 9 Killed, 50 Hurt In Subwa Crash London Train Hits Another Stopped on Track; Signal Blamed LONDON W)—Transport officials today announced a toll of nine persons killed and 50 injured in last night's shattering crash of two jam- packed London subway trains. It took rescue workers more than 15 hours to cut their way through the tangled wreckage to reach the last four bodies including that of a mother still clutching her 2-year- old baby in death. Transport officials said a signal failure may have figured in the disaster Two men wre brought out at dawn after being pinned for nearly 10 hours in the debris-choked tunnel between the stations of Stratford and Leyton. Doctors had to amputate one man's leg in order to free him. The search of six shattered joaches continued, hut officials expressed belief Shat all the dead and living had been found. Eight of the injured were reported in a serious condition. Many persons not listed as casualties were given first aid on the spot for minor cuts and bruises. Happened Last Night The crash occurred at 7 p.m. last night at the height of the homeward rush by London office workers, when one train pulled out of Stratford station and piled into the rear of another stopped on the line half a mile away. Each train carried eight coaches and about 600 passengers. The rear coaches of the standing train and the leading coaches of the one which hit it were buckled into a mass of splintered See SUBWAY on Page 2 Pemiscot County Spring Music Festival Will Begin Tonight HOLLAND — Ten high schools will be represented by 450 to 500 musicians in the Pemiscot County Spring Music Festival to get under way here tonight. Nine choruses and nine bands will attend the two-day event, with the vocal division scheduled for 7:30 tonight and bands to perform nt 7:30 tomorrow night. • Programs for both nights will consist of performances by each group Individually followed by presentation of selections by all students together. Mass chorus numbers presented tonight will be directed by Edgar Ailor, music director of Portageville School band director, will be guest conductor of the mass band tomor- ro--' night. There will be no awards given for participation or performance in the festlvaj, according to L. N. Kinder, superlritendtnt of Holland schools. The affair Is strictly one of appreciation, he said, and no admission will be charged. Attending the vocal section will be choruses from Braggadocfp. Wardell, Steele, Bragg City, Holland, Caruthersville, Hayward, Cooter and Hapti. In the Initrumental division, bands will be present from Bragg by saying: "The secretary did not at any time take the ammunition problem out of the hands of the, Army." Lovett told the senators there was an ammunition shortage and assigned the blame to the "Army as a whole." He gave them a story of long, red tape delays. Yesterday, Sen. Byrd (D-Va) denounced the Army's system of preparing ammunition contracts as "the most colossal and terrible thing I've ever known." "Sometime," he said, "we've got to find out who's responsible." Byrd's angry outburst came after he heard that an ammunition order traveled 10,000 miles, passed through the hands of 42 agencies and more than 200 individuals, and required 287 days—nine months— of processing just to reach the contract stage. To Test Lovctt's Claim Senators Were expected to quiz Pace about Lovett's assertion that as defense secretary he tried to get Increased production out of the Army for more than a year without success. Finally. Lovett snid, he took production control from the Army and gave It to a civilian assistant. Gen. James A. Van Fleet, retired former commander of the U. S. Eghth Army, touched off the inquiry when he testified last sometimes critical shortage of ammunition during all the 22 months See AMMUNITION on Page 2 Hl<rh School. Accompanist will be City, Cooter, Hayward, Deering, J!':V- Cohoon. 'lolliir.d, W.nrdsll, Haytl, Steele and Bob LipKomb. Llyttnvilk High | Caruthersvllla. Cooter Lions Club Buys Park Site COOTER. Mo.—A four and three- quarter acre plot adjoining the Cooter school grounds has been purchase! by the Lions Club for a park and playground. Money for down payment on the land was raised through the club's annual minstrel show and other projects, and the site will be planted In cotton this year with proceeds from the crop to be used to retire the balance. Long-range plans for the park site Include installation of barbecue pits, picnic tables, a Boy Scout hut, rest rooms, parking area, baseball diamond and playground equipment, It also will be landscaped. Plans for establishing a park began In 1951. Members of the club's park committee are Chris Wentzell, chairman, Tom Lewis, J. E. God- v.'in, Able Rushing and Lewis Les- Ur. I New U. N. Secretary Flies to U.S. Hammarskjold To Take Office Oath Tomorrow NEW YORK (AP) -I Dag; Hammarskjold, recently elected secretary-general of the United Nations, arrived from Stockholm today aboard a Scandanavian Airlines plane. He was greeted at Idlewilc Airport by Trygve Lie, outgoing U. N. secretary-general, and several other high rank- ng U. N. officials. Hammarskjold, a 47-year-old bachelor, will be installed tomor- •ow by the 60-nation General Assembly, which elected him to live-year term in the $40,000-a-year .ax-free job. Russia's agreement with the West in finding Hammarskjold acceptable for the post was a major move in Premier Georgi M. Mal- enkov's new peace offensive. But despite Soviet "sweet talk," the air-haired new secretary general vill have to use all his ability at compromise to escape a crossfire of criticism. The Russians blacklisted Lie for :aking a positive stand in endorsing U. N. action against aggression in ~orea. Some American circles pic- ured the Norwegian as too friend- y with the Russians and too soft in U. S. left-wingers on his own itaff. Under these pressures Lie reigned last November, expressing lope this would remove at least me of the tensions between East ,nd West. Lifetime Pension Lie now is free to retire on a 10,000-d-year pension for life. Hammarskjold cannot be sure ne Sc..jt bloc will be any softer n him—if he crosses them—than hey were'on Lie. Other pressures Iready are forecast. Hammarskjold has built up a oputation for handling extremely ehc te problem^, fe is ci edited v ( .i. i*. h suecc's j W his one-ma.), mission to the U S just after World War II to explain Sweden's neutral role during that war and . . . Onff Hammarskjold . • . new UN secretary . . . to dispel 111 feeling. He enjoys a high reputation in Sweden as a fast thinker, an expert troubleshooter and a top administrator. Those who have worked with him in Stockholm, in his diplomatic work in the organization of European Economic Co-operation and other international tasks consider him a master of the art of See U. N. on Page 2 Reds Agree to Allies' ROW Exchange Plan Increase in Number Of UN Troops Refused By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea (AP) — The Communists unexpectedly agreed this afternoon to all major points of an. Allied proposal for exchanging sick and wounded prisoners.' An agreement may be signed tomorrow. Agreement on the mechanics of trading disabled prisoners came during a meeting of staff officers which followed the regular session of liaison groups. If an agreement is signed tomorrow, exchange of sick and wounded prisoners could 'start within 10 days. The Reds reiterated earlier today that they will return no more than 600 Allied prisoners—including probably not more than 125 UN Expecting New Soviet Peace 'Coos' By OSGOOD CAIUJTHERS UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (AP) — United Nations diplomats looked today for possible new Soviet coos of peace as Poland's grab bag proposals for ending world tensions came before the 60-nation Political Committee. In debate this morning, the Po- delegation was ready to in- 33-Man Draft Group Leaves County Board Says Next Call for Tests Slated for Wednesday Mississippi County draft board sent, 33 men for pre-induction physical examinations today, Miss Rosa Saliba, clerk, announced. Next group scheduled for examinations is to leave Wednesday. Leaving today were: Raymond Benjamin Hodge, Mell T. Hay, Leo Curry, Ira Henry Spain, Robert Earl Cox, Harold Koonce, Thomas Blunt Buchanan, all of Blytheville; Jimmy Lee Stevens, James Charles Lowe, John William Mc- Cdy Wllbanks, William Eugene Scott, Buddie Brothers, all of Osceola; Lenard J. Willie, Leachville; Floyd Pate, Paul Eugene Davenport, Billy Gene Moyer, Manila; Denver John Armstrong, Leon G e o r d Stroud, Dell; Franklin Delano Prls- bee, Billie Ray Cox, Dyess; Frank | Ellis Bourland. Wilson; Robert El- ' more Hill, Bassett. Negroes leaving today were: Arnett, Parr, Armorel; Carter Roane William. Junior Lee Bobo, Walter Junior Short, Carl Lee Clark, Robert Lewis Wright, all of Blytheville; Charles Lee Cook, Wilson; Roosevelt Thomas, Osceola; Clyde Frederick Williams, Luxora; Wash Garret!, Hughes; and James Louis Star, Joiner., Failing to report today were Frankie Leon Corzine of Manila, lish produce its olfc "omnibus" plan the same one proposed by the Soviet Union and rejected by the Assembly in the last session a year ago. Russian Delegate Andrei Y. Vi- ihinsfcy was expected to attend ;he opening debate and delegates watched for him to give a sign of sossible new softening in the Bed ;actics. Before the meeting started, Soviet bloc'delegates remained completely secretive about their plans. But *' ere was general feeling they 'Vf *d introduce some changes in tne light of Russia's new peace offensive and the prisoner pf war talks in Korea. Vishinsky heightened corridor speculation last week when he expressed impatience to get on' with the committee's work rather than take a long Easter holiday because he felt the Polish item was "of great importance." Immediate Cefise Fire The original Polish proposal included a demand for an immediate cense-fire in Korea to be followed Inter by political discussions on the exchange of prisoners of war and other problems. Delegates had expected this part of the resolution would be altered even if the Reds stuck to their main objective in the U. N. because of hopeful signs that current negotiations at Panmunjom may lead to a Korean truce. The U. S. and other Western ol- lies had no intention of speaking up until they heard what the Communist bloc in the U. N. had to propose. American spokesmen Raid the original Polish proposal already has been more or less "taken care of" piece by piece during this session of the Assembly. Korea already has been debated, they pointed out, but could be brought up again if the Reds have something concrete to propose toward a peaceful settlement. Other sections of the proposal call for world disarmament along the lines Russia has been demanding all along, a Big Five peace pact and the banning of atomic and bacteriological weapons. Trial Ordered In Racing Suit Supreme Court Reverses Chancery Decision in Case By LEON HATCH LITTLE BOCK (If}— Tile Arkansas Supreme Court today ordered trial of a suit which seeks to prevent an election on whether horse racing should be allowed In St. Francis County, Anti-track forces thus won an apparent delay In the election, which was set for April 2. The decision reversed St. Francis Chancellor A. L. Hutchlns who had dismissed the complaint without trial. The ccmnlywlde referendum was called after petitions circulated by the St. Francis Valley Turf Association Inc., were declared sufficient by the county election committee. , In view of the Court's action today it seemed unlikely that final decision could be reached before the scheduled date. Especially as whatever the chancellor's ultimate decision it probably will be re- appealed. Homer Towns of Forrest City, a one-time chairman of the state racing commission, and two other St. Francis residents filed suit to prevent the county election board from holding the election. Challenge Names The suit — a recent development in the years qjd fight on establishment of a track in eastern Arkansas — charged that names of 159 persons were placed on the petitions for the election by someone other than the persons themselves. The suit contended that to pay for the election would be an "illegal exaction "of public funds and therefore prohibited under the con- | stltution. . i The Turf Association intervened See RACE TRACK on Pace 2 Americans. The Communist staff officers delivered replies to three questions asked earlier by the chief U. N. delegate. The agreements covers the size an operation of convoys and sets the termination date for the exchange at 20 days after the agreement becomes effective. A formal signing Friday and Ironing out of minor technical details could pave the way for resumption of full-scale armistice talks to resolve the long remaining Issue blocking a truce In Korea—an overall exchange of prisoners. Already Begun A highly placed American source said the Communists already have begun gathering together the sick and wounded for repatriating through Panmunjom, and that the exchange probably will take place within 10 days. The Reds turned down a U. N. attempt to get them to increase the number of POWs they said they would turn over to the Allies. The Reds stuck to their figure of 600—including probably not more than 125 Americans. The Allies have said they are ready to send back 6,800 disabled Red captives, 5,100 North Koreans and 700 Chinese. Rear Adm. John C. Daniel, chief 0. N. liaison officer, said he tried three times in the meeting at Pan- munjom Thursday to get the Communists to sign the agreement. Will Sign Tomorrow They wouldn't get out their pens, he said, but they told him they would be ready to sign at tomorrow's 11 a.m. meeting. "I'm doing everything I can to hnve It signed tomorrow," Daniel said. "I think it's quite possible." Asked if the XI. N, Is ready to start the exchange on 24 to 48 hours' notice, Daniel said, "We're ready to go." The Communists today promised to hand over sick and wounded Allied POWs at the rate of 100 a day. They said they would receive 500 disabled Reds from the Allies each day. If the agreement on arrangements for trade of sick and wound- id prisoners) Is signed Friday, it vill have been hammered out in See POWs on Page » Marines Retake Carson Hill in Bitter Fighting Strategic Outpost Only Eight Miles From ROW Talk Site By STAN CAKTER SEOUL wi—American Marines clawed their way back to the top of Carson Hill today after 300 to 350 Red Chinese overran .the strategic West Korean outpost in a frenzied predawn assault. The number of Marines on tha hill and the number killed and wounded were blacked out by censorship. But some of the defenders fought through the entire attack and joined the battle which drove the Beds off the height, a Marine spokesman said. Attacking behind a curtain of artillery and mortar fire, the Reds swarmed up the hill and into Marine defenses. Communications were knocked out in the first 10 minutes, but observers on nearby hills watched Marines battling Reds hand to hand, the Eighth Army said. A 1st Marine Division officer estimated that 320 Chinese wer» killed or wounded. A Marine relief force started inching its way up the shell-pitted slopes at 8 a.m. and 35 minutes later the hill was reported secured. 8 Miles From Panmunjom Outpost Carson, scene of bitter fighting two weeks ago, is only eight miles east of Pamnunjom, where negotiations now under way might lead to a truce in Korea. U. S. B29 Superforts dumped 150 tons of explosives on a bid Bed supply dump which the Communists have been patiently filling with war -materiel the past several weeks, the Fifth Air Force said. The big base covered 115 acres near Taechon in Western Korea. The Air Force revealed that Capt. Harold E. Fischer Jr., who Bagged 10 MIGs in 68 missions over North Korea, failed to return "rom his' 70th mission Tuesday. Fischer , of Swea City, la., was ast seen dueling with a Bed MIQ near the Mnnchurian border. The Reds preceded their attack against Carson with harassing fire day Wednesday and Wednesday See WAR on Page 2 Copt. Harold Fischer, U. S. Jet Ace, Is Missing in Action By WILLIAM C. BARNARD SEOUL (AP) — Capt. Harold E. Fischer Jr., an Iowa farm boy who shot down MIQs in duck-hunter style and earned double jet ace rating, Is missing in action over North Korea. Fischer, 27, from Swea City la., failed to return from his 70th mission Tuesday. His wing man, U. Richard O. Knowland Jr. of Goshen, Mass., 73 Prisoners Given Sentences By Circuit Court Judge Here Judgment was handed down by Circuit Judge Charles Light this and J. C. Patterson, Negro, of Lux- morning for ', 3 priso ners who had ora. Weather ARKANSAS — Mostly cioudy; scattered thunderstorms west and previously entered picas of of guilty. Sentencing of prisoners was divided into two sessions, with penalties to be assessed in the remainder of the cases tomorrow. Suspended sentences were granted on -ten of the 15 charges brought against the men. Two counts of burglary brought prison terms and suspensions for colder ^he charges were in connection with burglaries of McGee's Garage and Hocott's Auto Parts at Gosnell. Russ was sentenced to four years north this afternoon and In east j Garland Buss Bnd w " ad e Lee Collins, and south portion tonight; --'-'-• tonight and Friday. MISSOURI — Showers and thunderstorms, east this afternoon with I locally severe thunderstorms, ac-j companled by local hail northeast; I mostly cloudy tonight with showers' and thunderstorms southeast and' light rain north; much colder west| and north, turning colder southeast I with strong northerly winds; Fri- . 7T _, „ nr . rK . ,„ -^ , , m -lay partly doudy. wlndy and colder. ArLfc ™ « m f ^^US AMG to Train At Camp Polk Minimum this morning— Mfixlmum ycBterdiiy — 84, Sunrise tomorrow— 5:35. sunset today— 6:28. Proclp. 24 hours to 7 a.m.— none. Preclp. Kince Jan. 1 — 17.47. Mean temperature (midway between high and low)— 72. Normal mean for April— 61. Thlrnnte Lait Year Minimum this morning— 55. Minimum vc:Uurday— 80. rificlp. J»n. i M men, Including those in Arkansas units of the 39th Division, will do their summer training at Camp Polk, La.. Aug. 9-23. The State Military Department, In announcing the summer encampment dates, said the Arkansas Air Guard, comprising about SOO prr-.ons, will be at Chatham Field, Q». . BULLETIN TOKYO, Friday UP) — Red China's Pelping radio said early today that ilnuhle jel ace Harold Fischer was shot down anil cap- lured in Manchuria Tuesday. The radio quoted a dispatch from Mukden. Manchuria, near (he Y.ilu Itiver, saying Fischer balled out of his Sabre jet. In the state penitentiary on one count and given a six-year sentence which was suspended during good behavior. Collins was given a two- year term In the state reform school [ on one count and a four-year suspended sentence on the Other. For forgery of a $40 check they attempted to cash at Farmers Bank and Trust Company. Harold Mixon was given a four-year term and Billy joe Hamm was sentenced to three years with two years suspended during good behavior. A one-year term was given Archie Yarbrotigh for grand larceny, and a similar charge against Hardln Joe, Jr., was reduced to petit larceny on recommendation of the prosecuting attorney. Joe was fined $50. A grand larceny charge against T. S. Scott brought a three-year sentence, suspended on the conditions of restitution to Stallings Store at Yarbro of a .stolen pistol and $23 in cash, payment of court costs, good behavior and monthly reports to the Sheriff. Mervln Eugene Harris, charged with embezzlement of $200, was given a three-year sentence, suspended on payment of court costs and during good behavior. Chap'-s of n'«in!t ivlth intent to SM COURT on 1'afe 1 , said he saw Fischer for the last time in a clash with a Red fighter near the Suiho Reservoir along the Yalu River. Fischer shot down 10 MIG jets in 66 'missions. He told this correspondent two weeks ago,'"I have never considered tile possibility of not coming back. My father is counting on me coming back some day to help him, and I certainly intend to do it." Knowland said of Fischer's last flight: "I lost him in the haze, and called him on the radio and told him we were separated. "He yelled back, emphatically, 'Get out. get out.' That was an order [or me to go home. Usually Hal was so calm and easy when giving orders, but not this time. "He must have been in bad trouble." Dived For Attack Knowland said he and fischer followed a MIG for some time and that Fischer dived for t an attack. "Capt. Fischer barrel-rolled around the MIG and I barreled around Fischer," Knowland said. "When I was on top of the roll, the MIO broke and' Fischer went after him. That was the last I saw of him," Fischer became the 25th Jet ncc, with five MIG mills, on Jan. 3«. He reached, the elite double jet status March 21. He told a newsman In an interview March 23, "I sort of hate to let the Air Force know about this," then disclosed that he knocked down eight of his 10 MIGs "like you would shoot ducks." "I used what I called Kentucky windage—just lead those MIGs enough so they'd run into the bullets, like you do a flying duck." But he called the Sabre's radar gunsight "n wonderful gunslght • and I wouldn't ever want to be without it." River Victim's Body Still Hunted OSCEOLA — A search of the Mississippi River in the area where Miss Earlene Tetter is believed to have drowned herself had revealed nothing at noon today. Deputy Sheriff Dave Young said. The search is continuing but Deputy Young expressed doubt that the body would be found even if it rose to the top. The river has risen about six feet since last Saturday when the 19- year-old waitre5s was last seen. There Is an eddy at that point. Deputy Young said, though he didn't believe it is strong enough to hold the body, he added. Waves of from four to six feet high have hampered the search, he said. Inside Today's Courier News .. -Masters' golf tourney opens toda.y... Sports...Page 10... ...We're Riving away our atom secrets...Page 3... ... Markets... Pugc t... ...Society news Page 4... ... Spring Is new danger Mason for fuel oil blasts...editorials... Pace 8.