The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 4, 1948 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Tuesday, May 4, 1948
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PACT SIX ' BLYTHEV1LLB (ARK.) COURIER NEWS HUB BLYTHEVILLE COURIER NEWS THXOOUXIKk NEWS OCX •- W HAIHE8, PubUtiur JAIOB U raBHOBT, Idttor D. BUMAM. Xd«rtUn« •alt NUioiMd AdrwtJWix Rcprae WiilH* Wttmer Co, New York, CWca«o, Detroit, *T«r7 AfMrooon Kxctpt Sunday toteni M (tcood due nutter at ttu port•Oio* at BlythevUle, Arkutu, undv act ot Con' ji'M. October ». 1*17. Oerv«d by Uu OnrUd Prat .. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: By ecrster In the dt7 ol fllyinerlll* or UP/ •iburbtu town when carrier Mrtlc* la maintained. Me per week, or Ue per month. By fiull within a rmdlui o! M milea, M-00 per JMT, 12.00 lor six months, tl.OQ for three months; by mall outiide M mil* *»«, »10.00 per year payable to advano*. Meditation Th« wordi ol a talebearer are ai wound*, and they to down into the innermost parts of the feeUjr.—Pn>verbc lg:S. • , • • A blemish may be remived from a diamond by careful polishing, but evil words once spoken cannot bf tffaced —Confucius. Barbs The rising generation will continue to have : 1U fault! ai long &s It associates with Us parents. ;_' « * » ^ A Masuchutettft doctor has crossed the ocean 1 M time*. Isn't it about time he'i makbif up hit '• Bind? '••, , . . • "j The beauty of spring scenery U another reason V' for not driving recklessly. You might damage •_* >ome of it. . v . • * • '.'; la it true that the meat packer* went on fttrlke hecaue they wmnlfd a closed chop? > * * • ' Lightning ftturmcd three Georgia golferi. Let that be a warning to fishermen who lie. Economic Inequality Root Of the Communist Evil Italy's Premier de Gnsperi is taking hi» party's political victory over the Communists more as a challenging responsibility than a smashing victory. Which is undoubtedly as it should be. In an interview which he granted Hugh Baillie, president of the United Press. Mr. de Gasperi indicated that his principal weapon against a still-impressive Communist strength would be a reform program of his own. "There must be a government ready to confront social problems—unemployment of workers in the north and hired -farm hands in the south," the prime minister told Mr. Baillie. "The answer is development of industry in the north and land reform in the south. These two problems the Marshall Plan should help solve. The workers must see in the government policy of social reform that every effort is being made toward social justice and the best distribution of property." There is nothing new in the idea of attacking communism by taking away the economic and social food on which it thrives. But the idea ig often neglected these days. Yet there are some whose minds and emotions are so absorbed in the evil growth of communism on the surface that they forget there are also roots to be destroyed. Mr. de Gasperi apparently is not one of them. He does not minimize the surface evils, or the need to safeguard his country against them. But his first objective is a reform campaign to win back most of the 8,000,000 Italians who voted for the Communist front.' Such a program is needed in other countries besides Italy. The Americans are rightly concerned at the show of disciplined Communist strength during the riots in Colombia, and at the'danger from Communist infiltration in the countries bordering the Panama Canal. Yet there is no mystery about .why the Reds are strong in the countries to the south, Anyone who has acquainted himself with the governments of some Latin-American countries and with the widespread poverty and lack of opportunity in nearly all of them cannot be surprised to learn 'that Communist propaganda gets some receptive attention. Even here at home we are not always too zealous in attacking the roots of communism. The comrades have no real desire to help the masses whom they, rant about. Nevertheless, they could not so easily cause'unrest by exploiting minority and underprivileged groups if our democracy always worked *» wel! in practice as it does on paper. Recently House Speakei Martin told a Negro audience that "the poorest family n» America is better off than any- in Russia," That it right as re- civil litaticp and freedom of thought and expression. It Is not so right economically. Poverty plus restrictions on civil rights in some parts of the country weaken Mr. Martin's essentially true statement. Free governments should call Mention frequently to the difference between their own systems and the gloomy regimentation of" Bussia. But (hat is not enough. Those governments must also remember that freedom, justice and decent living conditions are things that must be worked for and constantly recreated, as well as talked about, in a changing world. Too Much Boogie, Maybe A possible explanation of the anti- Yankee aspects of the recent disturbances in Colombia might be found in the fact that, shortly before the Pan-American conference opened, Colombians were introduced to a new aspect of U. S. culture in the form of a ten-ton plane load of juke boxes. VIEWS OF OTHERS So Be It! From all appearances, the American people are about to witness a series ol the most significant Judicial decisions affecting labor that have been handed down in many years. These decisions may have to cut more deeply, reach more widely, and sharpen Issues more gravely than most thoughtful citizens would willingly choose. They will deal with problems which we have hoped might find happier solutions by way of the give and take of lesser disputes. But John L. Lewis would not have It that way. These problems can be lumped in two Questions. Mere they are: How severely must the conflict* of Interest and the competition for the fruits ol production between management and labor be regimented to Icecp them within bounds of the common welfare and safety? How severely can they be regimented without doing violence to Individual liberties, both of the worker and of the employer? The first of these decisions—vastly significant, although not yet final—is that of Federal District Judge T. Alan Qoldsborough finding John L. Lewis and the United Mine Workers guilty both of civil and criminal contempt for flouting a court restraining order, subject to undoubted review by the Supreme Court, judge Goldsborough hu settled these Issues: 1. That the total corciunstantial evidence as to which actually occurred in the coal fields determined whether the UMW was on strike, not Mr. Lewis's careful slage setting. 3. That the Government of the United states has power to act meaningfully in labor disputes to protect the public health and safety I. That a court restraining order must b* obey first and its legality argued afterward. These are rulings of great consequence, not merely in the Immediate context of the.coal situation. (Consider the implication of a contrary decision!) But In view of Judge Goldsborough'« position on the pre-Christmas coal strike of ig«, they are rulings which have been largely anticipated. It .la in two other declarations by the court that a new and sobering significance will be found. Judge Goldsborough took p»in 5 to label one a new principle of law which he was letting forth for the first time In court history "As long as a union i, function!,* as a utl |on It must be held responsible for the mass action of its members." This is a doctrine which, unless carefully defined and fairly administered, could be exploited by (he enemies of unlons-for which labor can thank Mr. Lewis. But it is a doctrine which in our view, Mr. Lewis's tactics has maae inescapable. it bears heavily on what may follow pronouncement of sentence, with a third of the miners still out, waiting to see what happens to Uncle John." The second declaration of somber significance looks forward to that sentence and to whatever else is to come in this crucial test of rights and power. Judge Goldsborough closed the session by Pounding the bar with his fist nad crying; " T u| s situation has got beyond the bound of expediency The Issue has to be met." To which, we think,' most Americana will add » grim "So be It!" -CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR. SO THEY SAY v Here We Go Round the Mulberry Tree Xfc#i'>XX•_.•••'» f*H\\jf( YflBn MM ^ ri .,i-.*>..'u,j- t * _, . TUESDAY. MAY 4, 1948 Ratification of ITO Charter Considered Too Big, Too Important to Be a Pre-Election Move By Pefer Edsim NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON, (NBA) — Congress will not be asked to ratify the new International Trade Organization charter If present thinking in top State Department levels Is followed. The issue is considered loo big and too Important to try crowding It in before election. Also, renewal of Cordell lyil's pet Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act Is now before Congress. It expires June 12. The ITO charter is the 54-nation fair trade agreement concluded after four months of touch necotmt- at Havana. There were three and 106 articles long. It is in ex- leetngly complicated technical anguage, which only foreign trade experts can understand. But the guts of It is Important to every American businessman and consumer. There Is some feeling that the U. S. delegation gave away the They say they got into the doc- iment all the major siiggesitons nade by such conservatives ns the J. S. Chamber of Commerce and he National Association of Man- ifacturers, as well as those the Senate Finance committee made ifter extensive hearings. They see n the ITO charter an agreement yhtch will help world reconstruc- ion, and liberate world trade from he restrictions which helped bring Dn the depression of the 1930's and the second World War which fol- owed. We must understand the fact that our position of world leadership and the authority of our voice In international ai lairs require a strong army as a part nf the laiid-sca-alr organization, which Is our military strength—W. Stuart Symington, Secretary of the Air Force. » • » Peace is never automatic. Like war it can be supported only by an affirmative effort.—Byron Price, Assistant Secretary General of the UN. « • • Nothing democratic can be expected from a State Department that is permitting Jews to be killed In Palestine, Greeks to be killed In Greece, «nd Chinese to be killed in China.—Rep. V. Marcantonio (ALP) ol New York. • * » Labor doesn't know the economic, social, or industrial views of General Eisenhower, who has been a military man all hit Ute.—William Green, President, APL. Basic Idea for ITO Is American The ITO story i s best understood liy the average reader by tracing the international political maneu- | vcring back ol the charter. The ba- jslc idea is American. First proposals i were made to the British in December, 1945. These were expanded Into an American version of the charter in September, 1046. U. s. trade experts took this draft , to principal trailing countries to , get their reaction. They were var- ; ied. The British didn't like the idea o( having Americans assuming world trade leadership. Australians thought the U. S. had put the consumer, dp something to stabilize its purchasing power so seller nations would liever feel depression. The draft charter was next submitted to the United Nations Economic and Social Council. An 18- nation Preparatory Commission was ; named. It met In London, Peb- .ruary, 1947. to study the charter. | Under-developed countries dcmand- I ed guarantees of financial assistance to promote their own growth. India wanted safeguards against exploitation by foreign capital anrf frce- j dom from foreign political Interference. Other countries wanted the U. S. to give up its practice of subsidizing or dumping its surpluses on the world market at reduced prices, some countries wanted freedom for ^state trading." abolishing or freezing out American tree enterprise by private business. Alter the London conference more revisions were made at Lake Success. The draft charter was also submitted to u. s. business K/'ds May Be Smart But Their School Books Seem Antedated THI DOCTOR SAYS r. Jordaa. H <« By Edwin P. Jordan, M. D, Wrlllentfor NEA Service High blood pressure, or hypertension, ^f s not caused by a single siblc objections and suggested revisions. Charter Revised Again At Geneva All these ideas were then taken to Geneva, Switzerland, where a fourth draft of the charter was written by delegates from 23 countries, meeting from April 10 August, 1941 In addition to revising the charter, they hammered oub a huge trade, agreement. This was done in a series of over loo separate negotiations between various countries. They reduced' tariffs on thousands of items which account for over half the total trade of the world. Back in the United States, the work of the Geneva conference was received with some misgivings. American business interests wanted more protection for capital invested overseas. There was suspicion of lowered tariffs. There was fear that state socialism was being promoted eern over sacrificing u. S sovereignty to a world super-government that might control and restrict or even throttle U. S. foreign commerce. bundled up and sent to all of the United Nations for their consideration. They had three months in which to get ready for thf* Havana conference which opened last Nov 21. , It had been hoped to wind up the Havana conference in two months. It took four. Jem is to decide if possible what .t the particular cause in each individual case and what can be done about it. In many cases, unfortunately, the origin of the high blood pressure (s not khown or cannot oe traced. Even for such kinds of hypertension some recent developments in treatment olfer promise for at least some patients, For example, some patients have been given a diet ironi which not only the sodium contained in salt is removed but most of (he sodium in the other foods. Table salt, incidentally -s sodium chloride, but the sodium part can appear in other combina- The low sodium diet to rathur complicated to prepare and probably .s not too tasty, but good results m bringing about a drop U blood pressure have been reported. This treatment certainly will not answer the entire question of hypertension, but at least the use of "low- salt, low sodium" diets In certain cases is interesting. The so- called rr :; n-et is one of these low- sodium diets. Cutting Nerves Helpful The use of tissue extracts is another promising line of attack An operation called sympathectomy. in which certain nerves in the back near the spine are cut has also been used. Alter these nerves are severed the blood vessels expand and are able to cairy more blood and the biood pressure is lowered. This form of treatment has now been in use for selecled patients for a good many years and seems to be of real value. It is not suitable (or all pa- h'cnts with hypertension. Until such time as the cause or causes or hypertension are better understood and can be mastered at '.he source, these newer methods must be considered of value for selected patients only. • * • Nots: Dr. Jordan is unable to answer individual questions from readers. However, each day he will answer one of the most frequently asked questions in his column. • • • QUESTION: What is neurasthenia and is there a cure? ANSWER. Neurasthenia is a name given to a condition practically the same as nervous exhaiistion. The cure depends on the seriousness ot the case and what the causes are. 15 Yearn Ago In Blytheville—* Mr. and Mrs.. Sam Florman fc have as their guest Mrs. Harvey Gross of Nashville Term. Mrs. Bernice Crafton has been appointed secretary reporter to P. A. Lasley of the State Utilities fact Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Kirby of Paragould were guests yesterday " By Hartnan W. Nleholi (United Pres» Staff Correspondent) WASHINGTON, May 4. (UP) — Attorney General Tom Clark . cd the other day that most .... don't savvy world problems becaui they aren't hep to their history. The blast touched off another on« out in Chicago School teachers there itched their dander for a minute and then said Tom might b» right as far as the old folks go. but that the attorney general libeled the teachers said, know more 'than their parents ever learned. It's because of the newspapers, radio and modern teaching methods. The teachers hinted rather broadly that mom and pop might get smartened ui> a bit by looking over junior's shoulder while he's hard at his home work. That's not too easy, sometimes. People in the newspaper business are trained to write simply, so that even the very young can get at a glance what is meant in the prlnt- i ed word. A good sentence run» I 1 from 15 to 30 words. That puts It in what the trad* . calls the "readability" category. So what do the big people" who i write books for little kids do7 They j pen their stuff in such a comp 11 - {cated manner even the big fcjfft can't understand it. for instan^i one sentence in ''The Gingerbread Man" runs to nearly 100 words, and Is fouled up by five commas. Not only that, but the modern kid book writers have gotten cute with some of the stories we liked as younguns. There are at least two versions of th'6 above-mentioned "Gingerbread man." In one, the G. B M. gets himself gobbled up In the end by a mean old fox. thus sending the kids to bed to dream of awful things. The other version has the G. B. M. coming back home "Into the arms of the little old woman." That's more like it, but If a youngster has both books h« doesn't know gospel Irom fiction. There also are two versions of the "Three Little pigs." In one, the two silly porkers who made their homes of sticks and straw are huffed and puffed and eaten by the wolf. In the other, they somehow escape to hole up finally with their smart brother who made his house of bricks. Contusing, too. And so Is a lot of the arithmetic tn the home work deoartment. An example from a text book for grade two: ••Nan bought a Httie doll at the store for four cents. Mary boxucht a doll at the fair for 3 cents. Nfl doll cost- cents more than Mary i To begin with, this problem ought to be brought up to date. Anybody who has bought any dolls lately knows you can't get one for 4 cents. And by the time the second grader has pondered this silly neglect of j the topic of the day—inflation— j he has forgotten the original question. So has his old man who'i helping with the hommvork. Back a few pages in the sam* J grade two book Is R set of figures, three deep, each way. It's called L'column addition." Up at the top lit says: "Add upward. Check th« work by adding downward." Mercy! How do the teachers expect pop to add that big a bunch of .numbers when he has to go to the adding machine to balance hl» own bank book? But, by golly, 7-year-old junior, going on 8, can do it without count- Ing on his figures. We're raising a smart bunch »f young. AWb.ma Peace OHic.r Miss., for liter Mrs. ] IN HOLLYWOOD i™™"™ 7 ^ -^ 1MI _ _ NtA alaff Correupcnaent HOLLYWOOD (NEAi — Orde.'s j timc - she colllrt navc appeared 1:1 are out at Paramount to find Betty i 10 ° motion pictures. "June Bride" is Hutton another "Incendiary he £, 51lh '_ J Blonds." Studio executives agree c *'"" '~ with Betty that she's a good actress, but that she's a better entertainer. Edmund Ovvenn actitally beseeching his home studio, M-G-M, to cast him in the role of a villain, since his portrayal of Santa Glaus In "Miracle on 34Mi Street," he has received thousands of requests from parents for toys for their children. When the requests aren't granted—there are <>') many u would be impossible—the return letters berate Gwenn for disappointing the kids. • * * Well, now we're even with the British. J. Arthur Rank will produce "Christopher Columbus" In England, and » Hollywood pro- hicer, Bofeaus. will film ON BRIDGE She made her..first film appear- • O/srWKSPe /7 Jrimn ancc n years ago-57 films In 17 :,. Uf > Se S Q J limp years, or an average of about three 1 fr Y0111 TWO to SlX a year. If she can n-.ake three year for tlie next H years, she'll hit 'he hundred mark. For J. J. M. K. Lana Lana Turner is due for an unexpected, wedding gift An ex- M-G-.M publicity man. Edward "The U(e of Charles Dickens.' • • V Jim Bacus writes from Washing-i "'r^c'srihln-jnii i-™i, ^ , ..«.•" ton, where h e just played a hcnS- I ,„£? ^Tv'." T^t si'" T))0]ii|»r>n. is dedicating his latest novel. "A Seed in Spring." to "Julia Jean Mildred Frances Lana Turner —a lovely lady and a tine actress.' Rodgers and Hammerstcin war.t Vivian Elaine for the lead in their new fall miificnl on Broadway. . . . Paramount is holding up rclca.ie. of "Dream Girl" until fall as an Academy award contender. The studio is now trying to get producer P. J. WoKson back on their pay. roll, though they let him walk out I of a By William E. M:Kcnncy Amerlca'x'Carrf Authority Written for NEA Service The mixed team-ol-four event of the Eastern States regional championships had two winners. Th^ 1 learn ol Mrs. Augusta Cantor, Fred Htr.tth. Mrs Gertrude Jobes and Herman Goldberg, all of New Yor.t City, won tile trophy. The ch.l- rircn's cancer unit at Memorial Hospital in New York city also were winners because net proceeds went to aid the light against cancer 111 fenders' 15. Today's hand was selected from the mixed team event. It is one on which the bidding varied a great, deal. Most South players opened with one club. At some tables North responded with only one diamond. However, I believe that North's correct response is two diamonds even though he does not have first- round control in two suits. He knows his partner must have three aces to open. Some players might consider North's jump to six no trump a Plunge in the dark, others would say he misses a chance to get to seven. However, with his jump to two diamonds and then to six no trump 1 am sure that if South held four aces he would take the contract ,\ Killed in Gun Battl* COORTLAND. Ala., May 4. (UP) —Courtland's chief of police and the operator of a bus station-cafe shot each other to death In a gun battle here and wounded three bystanders. Sheriff G D. Byars of Lawrence County reported yesterday. A Byars said the two men. chief ^T Police W, H. McCormack and W. S. Holderfielrl, were on "outs" because | the chief arrested Holderfleld's son on a minor charge a week ago. Read Courier News Want Ads. to seven. East could not be criticl«d for not opening the ace of spades. The natural opening was the spade jack. Declarer then spresd the hand for seven. ¥KQ » KQJ854 3 *KQ2 fit. that you dare not ask anyone what hes doing these days. The answer is always, "I'm running for President, aren't you?" Out Again, In Again ' Why agents get gray: YOUH* Steve McNally appeared "with Ginger Roger., in "The Magnificent Doll" and UI executives, who h:\i I Prank McHugh (or "the summer ! lead. LinriH Christian (Ty Power's girl friendi made the May cover of the Police Gnzotte. . . . "Marilyn Max- '.vcll U innlins together her own * S 4 S 2 ¥872 • 10 + J975 3 ! s sea to sign a big UI contract for a star build-up. • • • Dinah Shore may go to Louden in July. . , . Movie executives ar^ convinced that all pictures will be in color within two or three years. • * • Wiiliam Cameron Mciuios, the production designer, and Bob Lon;- necker, Ruth Husscy's husband, are making films specially for television. Their lirst ,a n-.urder myslei ,• starring John Hoyt. Is currently shooting nt Hal Roath's studio. With any luck, and a lot of work, Bette Davis will have achieved an acttni ambition in 1962. By that V A 353 « AD6 * A86 Tournament— E-W vul. South West Nortli i:. 1s t t * Pass 2 » Pass Psss 6N.T. Pa« just leased a New York apartment, : Opening— * J lot tlie same type Mr. Standings flees trom in the picture). Used in Atom Test to Be Sunk Early Statesman Mr*. Cantor and Nfrs. Jobes are sisters, it was particularly satisfying to Hir.Th and Goldberg to win because only a short lime befoiv | they were leading in Ihe finals ot VALLEJO, Cnl. May 4. (UP)—! the Vandcrbilt "cup tournamen'., The navy announced yesterday that ' only to lose out on the last 11 the heavy cruiser Salt Lake City, j boards 19-ye.ir-old veteran of Aleutian and i I» U:e Eastern Stales mixed team I aclfic warfare, will be sunk by , contest the defenders had 22 1-2 gunfire at the end o( tlir month, j matches out of 28 at the end of 111" The ship still l s radioactive from | first .session, a record 83 per ce.it tlie Bikini atom bomb tests. She I game. But the new champions will be towed out to sea and be I came back in the second session t'i destroyed. HORIZONTAL 1,5 Pictured American statesman 12 Mountain nyniph 14 Chide 15 Poinsellias named after him 16 Nothing 17 Anchored 19 Aeriform fuel 20 Bewildered 22 Bulk 23 Dismounted 24 Classify 25 Wagers 26 Pheasant broods 28 Soaks flax 2D Behold! 30 Near 31 Twirl 33 Stupefy 36 Apple center 37 Individuals 39 Bellow •10 Crustacean 4! Get up 45 Blackbird of cuckoo family 46 Navigated 48 Size ot shot (Pi.) 49 FooUike part 50 Potter stake 51 Staggers ' 53 Hermits 54 Notion VERT1CAI- 1 Man's name 2 Prayer 3 Place for catching lampreys 4 Musical note 5 Malaysian canoe 6 Boat paddles 7 Followers 8 Boy's nickname !) Young eagle 10 Characteristics 11 Trials 13 Decimeter (ab.) 18 Mystic syllable 2 1 Workshop 23 Advocate 27 Male child 26 Short-napped i,n T 3 1 Quicker 32 Commend 35 Cuddle 36 Mourning bantj 41 Ceremony 42 Malt drinks 43 Exist 34 He introduced 46 Capuchin the (lower into monkey the 47 Doctor (ab.) Slates from 52 East Indies Mexico (ab.) I mlu , nM »g,j 115t the do-

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