Sioux City Journal from Sioux City, Iowa on March 31, 1968 · 1
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Sioux City Journal from Sioux City, Iowa · 1

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Sunday, March 31, 1968
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Schmeckfest! o o o o o o The Ladies at Freeman, S.D. Set a Bountiful Table Page 1 - Section It Sioux City Zoo o o o o Money to Build It Is Next Objective Page 1 - Section c Mif ll.Ml tap ) Columbus VII Peterson Carrier Wins Jet Trip to Spain Page 12 - Section C THE FORECAST: Partly cloudy, much cooler. High today 55. Weather details. on page C 7. fir 'xmx Section A ONE HUNDRED AND FOURTH YEAR-NO. 224 Published tverv Sundov Morning by Jourral-Trlbum Publishing CO., 419-23 Douglas St., Sioux Citv. lo. SIOUX CITY, IOWA, SUNDAY, MARCH 31, 1968 SECTIONS 80 PAGES Stcond elms gutagt sold at Sioux Qty, la SI MB Pw Copy, 20c , ON THE INSIDE PAGES TODAY Two key appointments announced in Journal news department, (D 5) USD Senate urges regents to delay Moulton decision. (C 7) Nebraska voters to face long ballot in May primary. (A 12) Antl-LBJ Demos predict they will control state convention. (D5) Cherokee's Braves capture state Class A Indoor track title. (Dl) Sunday Features Abby Andy Births Books Business Coin Roundup C6 Country Side A 5 C 3" Editorials A3 Hospitals C7 Hour Glass Markets Movies Obituaries C6 C8 A4 B12 A4 CIO B13 C7 Society Sports Sports Afield T.V. Want Ads Your Dog Bl Dl D2 C3 D6 CS Out of the Past A 7 Black Nationalist Convention Aims for TOW Status' . DETROIT Iff) Delegates to af Black nationalist convention Saturday drafted a declaration of independence from the United States, which, among other things, called for "blacks who go into the street, fight for freedom and fall into American hands" to be treated as prison ers of war. The proposed declaration of independence was combined with a draft of a constitution i for a separate Negro nation to be set up In five states in the South. The leaders of the convention said 50 Negroes had achieved "delegate" status at the conven tion by indicating they intended to renounce their American cit izenship and become citizens of the new country. Those delegates who sign the final version of the declaration of independence and constitution Sunday, will have formally renounced their U.S. citizenship, said a source close to the convention's leaders. The document called for a "government in captivity," sup ported by Negroes who wished to renounce their American cit izenship, to take office on Tues day. "The objective of the govern ment must be to acquire land, on what is now the United States land mass, over which it would have complete control," the draft said. The authors of the declaration proposed to acquire Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Caro lina and Louisiana, through negotiations with the United States, through political activity and sesession, or through a combination of these moves sup- ported by appropriate military action. It was not specifically spelled out what would happen to the present residents of the five southern states but the source said whites probably would have the choice of remaining, although not as full citizens. "Life is meaningless for black people in these United States," Milton Henry, one of the or ganizers of the convention, told a news conference. Henry said the delegates represented "thousands of black people in this country who have never been citizens, but only nationals." Except for news conferences, the convention, held at a church on Detroit's West Side, was open only to Negroes. Fifty delegates and 100 observers from New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, Milwaukee, Gary, Ind., Cleveland and Cincinnati attended, a source said. The source said many of those at the convention wore African tribal dress. He said the assembly was "like an Indian nation pow wow with people claiming to belong to different African tribes. "They're having a pow wow LB J to Address Nation Tonight Mansfield Asks Halt in Bombing for Truce Talks HURON Iff) Senate majority leader Mike Mansfield, D-Mont., declared here Saturday the Viet nam war "is a barbaric struggle" and everything should be done to help the President "bring the war to an honorable conclusion." Mansfield, who was the prin cipal speaker at a re-election rally for South Dakota Sen. George McGovern, said escala tion is not the answer in Viet nam. McGovern announced he'll seek a second term in the U.S Senate. "To escalate our efforts will only result in a stronger resistance from the North Vietnamese," Mans field said, adding: "Instead, we should do everything we can to help the President bring North Vietnam to the conference table to negotiate a settlement of the conflict." Mansfield said his views on the Vietnam war "parallel those which have been expressed by my colleague in the Senate, George McGovern." "I do not favor bombing North Vietnam," he said. "The bombing should be stopped with or without a negotiated settle ment of the war." Mansfield has served 10 years as a congressman and 16 years in the Senate. As for the Tet offensive, Mansfield said this has, without a doubt, dealt a severe blow to the pacification program in South Vietnam. 2nd F111A Goes Down in Vietnam Sources Assert Cause Operational Failure SAIGON UPI - The Air Force reported Sunday the crash of a second of the six American F111A jets that entered the Vietnam war less than a week ago, The two crewmen were rescued. - Military sources said the plane was lost In Thailand Saturday because of an operational failure. The sources ruled out the possibility that the fighter-bomber had been downed by enemy ground fire or MIG interceptors. Sources in Washington said tne plane was en route to a combat strike when it crashed. At Khe Sanh on South Viet nam's northwestern frontier, U.S. Marines said they killed 130 North Vietnamese soldiers Saturday in two outbreaks of trench fighting one mile from the beseiged combat base. Marine losses were put at nine killed and 74 wounded. The larger of the two fights occurred about an hour after daybreak when a reinforced patrol, probably about 200 Marines, found about 400 North Vietnamese in trenches and bunkers. There was an exchange of machine-gun and mortar fire, and Marine artillerymen pumped shells into the enemy positions. The patrol returned to the base about noon. Also in the critical sector just below the demilitarized zone, South Vietnamese infantrymen supported by U.S. Marine tank units reported killing 132 North Vietnamese in two actions near Gio Linh. Allied dead were put at 15 South Vietnamese and five U.S. troops. The wounded included 75 government troops and 5 Americans. Allied torces killed 12 more North Vietnamese in other fighting in the northern sector Saturday, where the enemy has deployed an estimated five di- visions totaling about 50,000 men, and a major confrontation has long been expected. The first Fill vanished Thursday. North Vietnam claimed its forces shot down the $6-million, swing-wing fighter-bomber in its territory. 3 SH-T w'tT! Y)T?TKV!t I I I i in I ilium mi i mini 'irr if f-' , gwaWftWiW''y4aiMi ! mi miiibiii iff Radio, TV Speech Is Scheduled For 8 O'ClocL CST WASHINGTON UR President Johnson disclosed Saturday he Intends to tell the nation Sunday night that there will be an increase in troops and spending for. the Vietnam war but not of the dimensions that have been the center of speculation.. Johnson also said that "there is not anything to announce at this time" about another bombing pause. ; It was a news conference question about his thinking on the possibility of such a pause that Johnson used as a launching pad for announcing he plans to speak to the country by radio and television from his office at 8 p.m. CST Sunday. "I will at that time," he said, "discuss troop speculations that have taken place, what our plans are, and what information we have that we are able to talk about now. I will also talk about other questions of some importance." "It will be more or less a report on the reviews which have $ taken place, together, with an Bowie State Students End Their Boycott Cherry Trees Blossom Cherry Blossoms and miniskirts were in abundance around Washington's Tidal Basin after mid-80-degree temperatures brought out the flowers and the visitors. The blos soms were expected to be in full bloom by Sunday. In the background are the Washington Monument, (left), and the Jefferson Memorial. (AP Photofax) Record High 91 Degrees Occurs Here in The 91-degree weather Sioux City Saturday fell short by 4 degrees of matching the nation's high for the day of 95 in Palm Springs, Calif., but still wiped out the old record mark for the date here of 89 degrees in 1943 and established a new all-time record high for the month of March. Saturday's reading was the fifth record-setting high during March. Others were 69 degrees March 4, 66 March 7, 82 March 26 and 82 again Thursday. Temperatures were to return to normal today, however, said U.S. Weather Bureau officials, A much lower 55 degrees was to be today's high, after an ex pected morning low of near 40. Only a trace of precipitation fell early Saturday evening and prospects for moisture today and tonight looked dim CHALLENGER'S FATE AT STAKE AGAIN IN WISCONSIN VOTE MILWAUKEE, Wis. IB - The tough old Wisconsin primary, senior wheel of political chance in the nation, spins again Tues day with the fortunes of another presidential challenger at stake when it stops. Historically hard on have-nots seeking the ultimate reward, Wisconsin has yielded few big winners. John F. Kennedy was one. In 1960. he said, "If there weren't a Wisconsin primary I'd have to invent one." But Wendell Willkie, who rode an emotional tide to the Republican nomination in 1940, walked away from the table broke four years later in Wis consin. In 1948, the state that Douglas MacArthur recalled sentiment ally as his childhood home put List Detours in Four-Laning of U, S. 75 See AIM, Page A8 Two main intersections with U.S. 75, at Fourth Street and at Leech Avenue, will be partly blockaded for construction work starting this week and detours will be set up for affected traffic, City Traffic Engineer Russell S. Soper said Saturday. The highway itself, will be kept open at all times during construction of the Iowa State Highway Commission's $588,354 widening and relocation proj ect on U.S. 75 between Fourth and Leech. Norman Pietsch, resident construction engineer for the highway commission, said that although the contract completion date isn't until Nov. 1, the contractor hopes to finish by July 1, weather permitting. The work will involve four- laning the present highway be tween Fourth and Third and between Dace and Leech; relocating that portion between Third and Dace to run under the east end of Gordon Drive Viaduct, and building a half-cloverleaf Interchange at the east end of the viaduct. The contractor is the Irving F. Jensen Co. of Sioux City. Starting Monday, a portion of Fourth Street immediately east of U.S. 75 (Plymouth Street) will be torn up for construction of new paving along the east side of the present highway from Fourth to Third. This will cut off the Fourth Street connection with Fair- mount Street over the old streetcar bridge. U.S. 75 traffic to and from the west on Fourth will be unaffected, Soper said. Traffic from the south and east can go north on Falrmount to Second and then cut over to U.S. 75 or take Gordon Drive west to U.S. 75 and turn north. The same routes can be taken in the opposite directions, Soper said. Later this week, traffic west of U.S. 75 (S. Lewis Boulevard) at Leech Avenue will be cut off just west of the intersec tion, Soper said, .for start of construction on a new strip of paving on that side extending north. That construction will extend across the present exit just north of Leech of the southbound ramp off Gordon Drive Viaduct. When the construction reaches that point, the ramp will be closed. U.S. 75 traffic which normally takes Leech into the stockyards will be diverted to the other stockyards entrance at the Transit Avenue interchange. Traffic from the north on the highway will continue on to the interchange, take the southbound exit, turn west into Cunningham Drive and go west and north to the stockyards. Traffic from the south headed for the stockyards, will exit at Warrington Road, proceed north down the hill to Transit, then turn west into Cunningham Drive. When the Gordon Drive Viaduct ramp is closed, traffic will proceed on east to the U.S. 20-75 intersection and turn south. Detour signs will be posted, Soper said, and as work progresses and it is necessary to divert traffic at other points, additional detours will be set up and announced. The present U.S. 75 route will remain open until late in the construction When it becomes necessary to' close parts of the present highway, work will have progressed so that traffic can be diverted on to the new route, it was explained. Another part of the project, under - separate contract, will involve construction of a new Milwaukee Railroad bridge across the new highway south of Third Street. It will replace an existing railroad bridge which now spans the old Floyd River channel at the same point. The new stretch of high way will be in the old river channel for a distance. The Christensen Bros. Co. of Chero kee, Iowa, has the $174,000 rail road bridge contract. Pietsch said the four-laning of U.S. 75 will be extended on south from Leech to Transit and on north from Fourth to 12th Street in contracts expected to be let by the highway commission later this year. the presidency forever beyond his reach. Stassen Swept Primary He did not even lose to a winner. Harold Stassen swept the primary from MacArthur;! and Harold Stassen, 20 years older now but still principled and undeluded, is running again. But the presidency was not always the goal: sometimes it was enough to charge hell-bent, roaring defiance into the teeth of the dragon. Sen. Robert F. "Fighting Bob" La Follette, like the Sen. Eugene McCarthy of pre-New Hampshire days, did not really expect to be president. , The realists of the Wisconsin electorate never demanded such ambition of him. Yet they gave Wisconsin's delegates to him five consecutive times, heedless of the foregone conclusion that Taft, Hughes, Harding and Cool- idge would be nominated. Gambler's luck has been kind er to Democrats who put jail tneir cnips on tne counter. Johnson Won in '64 Pres i d e n t Johnson won, of course, in 1964, in the person of then-Gov. John W. Reynolds, acting as a stand-in. Kennedy won, and Truman, and went on to the nomination. But between, there was Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennessee, who stumped the state from Twin Harbors at the head of the lakes to the aromatic beaches of the industrial southeast promising: "If the St. Lawrence Seaway comes, it will make Wisconsin bloom like a rose." Wisconsin believed: ne won here in 1952 and 1956 by tower ing majorities, but Adlai Steven son went on to the nomination both times. Smith Set Precedent Before Kefauver, though, the last Democratic loser to win the primary was Al Smith in 1924, and although he lost the nomi nation to John W. Davis, he set a precedent for a Catholic cam-l paigning in a predominately Protestant state that figured See CHALLENGERS, Page A 8 Okay Paper Gold Setup STOCKHOLM. Sweden ITI - Nine of the world's. 10 richest nations decided Saturday to create a new. kind of "paper gold" that may eventually re place the old metal as the basis of the world's currencies. Finance Minister Michel Debre of France refused to go along. "The special drawing rights,' he said, 'are no longer that form of supplementary credit which we judged useful. They are, I fear, an expedient and they may be the beginning of a so-called money which will bring great disappointment to those who give it their con fidence." The United States, Britain, West Germany, Italy, Japan, Belgium, Holland, Canada and Sweden were unanimous at a meeting of the group of 10. Swedish Economics Minister: Christer Wickman, chairman of the meeting, told reporters: "The road is now open to inter national acceptance of the spe cial drawing rights. This is an important event in monetary history." He said he hoped France would come in, .too. The earliest date they could come into effect, he went on, would be the spring of next year. A text is expected to be completed by mid-April. Then it must be ratified by a weight ed vote of the 107 members of the International Monetary Fund. Then the fund must get agree ment to "activate ' the new drawing rights by another weighted vote of the member ship. At this stage, France is expected to make another effort to prevent the paper gold from actually being issued. Despite the need for this long process, Wickman said: "I hope this will have a calming effect on the gold market next week, BOWIE, Md. (fl-Students at Bowie State College ended their boycott and relinquished control of the campus Saturday night after four hours of negotiations with state and college officials. The students said they did so after Atty. Gen. Francis B Burch promised to come to the school Monday and investigate their complaints, then report his findings Monday afternoon to the State College Board of Trus tees. The students said they also were given the expectation that Gov. Splro T. Agnew would meet with student leaders by Wednesday, and made It clear that if "some concrete action" were not taken by Wednes day, "our protest demonstrations are not at an end." Agnew, in his Annapolis of fice, said he wanted to make it clear that he personally has made no promises or com mitments of any type to the students. Agnew did not come to Bowie, despite student demands that he do so, saying he "would not yield to that sort" of pressure. Instead, he sent Burch and Col. Robert Lally, superintendent of State Police, to head up the negotiations. The governor had given the students a 5 p.m. ultimatum to get out of the buildings they had taken over early Saturday or "they will be removed from the buildings by whatever means necessary." To reinforce the order, he had State Policemen standing by. But he extended the deadline pending results of the Saturday afternoon meeting. The students took over the campus and buildings of the predominantly Negro college after three days of protests and class boycotts over conditions at the 102-year-old school. When Saturday's meeting broke up, leaders of the protest told a hastily called assembly in the administration build ing that among other things they wanted the kitchen cleaned up, dormitories plastered, and what they called health hazards taken care of. 'If our grievances are not met by Wednesday, we will not wait any longer," the assembly was told by Kenneth R. Brown, mid- Atlantic youth director of the National Association for the Ad vancement of Colored People. Accuses Red China KINSHASA, The Congo tfl - President Joseph Mobutu ac cused Communist China Satur-! day of smuggling arms into the Congo under a Red Cross cover to overthrow him. He indicated the arms dated back to 1964 the Simba rebellion but said the Chinese still maintain an active fight against the Congo, i that, peo anjf- announcement of some actions that we are taking." At that time, Johnson said, he would try to have an esti mate of what he called the substantial cost of increases for Vietnam in items like helicopters, parts, guns', ammunition and other things flowing from needs that developed after the Tet offensive in January. Going on from there to speak of supplies as well as the addi- t i o n a I troop commitments, Johnson said; "I would say they will Involve a few billion dollars, but not anything like Jhe $10 billion to $20 billion that I have seen and heard pie use. It will not be thing like the hundreds of thousands call-up and deployments that have been speculated upon In the press." Some published reports have spoken of requests by the military for boosting U.S. military strength in Vietnam by as much as uo.uuu ana caumg up as many as 500,000 reserves. Johnson gave no specifics as to what he will say about the war in general, but indications in official quarters are that the review stemming from the Tet offensive will not result in any broad changes in military strategy. .Congressional sources have estimated that Johnson will ask for an emergency appropria tion of about $3.3 billion to prosecute the war during the remainder of the fiscal year ending June 30. Military sources said that the plan which appeared to be hardening on Friday contemplated the shipment of oeiween zs,w ana iz,m more men. This would Include some 23,000 more Army troops, plus several thousand more airmen and Navy men, it was said. The authorized strength in Vietnam now is 525,000. The Johnson speech Sunday See JOHNSON, Page A 8 ... .mim Release? The Viet Cong said Saturday it will release Dr. Marjorie Nelson, 28, Ko-komo, Ind., and another woman captured in Hue during the recent Tet offensive. (AP Photofax)

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